US Pat. No. 9,177,475

DRIVER BEHAVIOR BASED PARKING AVAILABILITY PREDICTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A driver behavior based parking availability prediction system, comprising:
a processor in data communication with:
a graphical display device, a driver identifying device, a driver input device, a transceiver operative to communicate with
multiple sources of parking space information, a global positioning system (GPS) module, and a non-transitory data storage
device on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, implements:

a parking information database that stores information indicating at least one of an available parking space, and a parking
space the vehicle has been parked in;

a weighting factor database that stores weighting factor information;
a driver preference database that stores driver preference information;
a parking preference analysis engine,
a parking prediction data engine; and
instructions which, when executed on the processor, cause the system to:
identify the driver,
obtain from the driver a destination where a parking space is needed;
request current information of available parking spaces proximate the destination from multiple sources of parking space information,
and receive the requested information;

notify, using the parking recommendation engine, parking space prediction information including one or more likely available
parking spaces and prediction notifications based on the destination, the current information of available parking spaces,
and the driver preference information, and

present the parking space prediction information and prediction notifications on the display; and
means for gathering information of the driving behavior of the driver while he is looking for the parking space, information
of the parking space in which identified driver parks, means for analyzing the drivers' selection of parking space parked
in, and means for adapting a parking availability model used to generate the parking space prediction information and prediction
notification.

US Pat. No. 9,463,799

CONTROL FOR A HIGH OR FULLY AUTOMATIC DRIVING FUNCTION

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for controlling a highly automatic or fully automatic driving function for a motor vehicle that is on a journey,
the method comprising:
determining the position, speed and direction of travel of the motor vehicle;
receiving driving data from further vehicles in the surroundings of the motor vehicle by vehicle-to-vehicle communication
and/or vehicle-to-infrastructure communication, wherein the driving data from the further vehicles comprise at least the respective
vehicle speed, position and direction of travel of said further vehicles;

evaluating the received driving data with respect to position and direction of travel to ascertain vehicles that are traveling
ahead;

comparing the vehicle speeds of the vehicles that are traveling ahead with a prescribed speed range based on the speed of
the motor vehicle;

approving activation of the highly automatic or fully automatic driving function if the speeds of the vehicles that are traveling
ahead are within the prescribed speed range; and

preventing activation of the highly automatic or fully automatic driving function when the speeds of at least one of the vehicles
that are traveling ahead is outside the prescribed speed range.

US Pat. No. 9,317,086

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR INITIATING A CHARGING PROCESS OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for reserving a charging station for an electric vehicle according to predefined charging preferences, the method
comprising:
establishing an association between the electric vehicle and a user profile comprising the predefined charging preferences,
the predefined charging preferences comprising at least one filter criterion for filtering results in response to a charging
request message, the filter criterion comprising at least one criterion of the group of electrical charge pricing of interest,
charging station type of interest, charging station provider of interest, and a preferred charging station reservation period,
wherein the user profile is stored in a memory within a distributed processing network;

when a current state of charge of the electric vehicle falls below a minimum state of charge defined by the user profile,
and depending on a way of driving the electric vehicle, providing the charging request message related to the electric vehicle
to a remote charging request message processor of the distributed processing network, the charging request message indicating
a charging need of the electric vehicle, wherein the charging request message is initiated from a processor module installed
within the electric vehicle, the processor module having access to navigational or charging state data of the vehicle;

processing the charging request message using the user's predefined charging preferences stored in the user profile to obtain
user specific result data, the user specific result data comprising information on a list of available charging stations corresponding
to the predefined charging preferences and a time of obtaining the user-specific result data; and

providing, from the remote charging request message processor, a result message related to the electric vehicle in response
to the charging request message, the result message comprising the obtained user specific result data for initiating the charging
process; and

reserving a charging station meeting the user's predefined charging preferences based on the user specific result data.

US Pat. No. 9,412,374

SPEECH RECOGNITION HAVING MULTIPLE MODES IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for speech recognition in a motor vehicle, comprising:
receiving voice inputs from a user at a vehicle-internal processing device, the voice inputs being received via a vehicle-internal
capture device;

supplying by the processing device:
at least one voice input to a vehicle-internal onboard speech recognition unit for producing a first recognition result of
spoken text;

at least one voice input to a vehicle-external offboard speech recognition unit for producing a second recognition result
of spoken text;

receiving the first recognition result at the processing device from the onboard speech recognition unit;
receiving the second recognition result at the processing device from the offboard speech recognition unit; and
using the first and second recognition results by the processing device as a basis for automatically ascertaining recognition
text corresponding to the voice inputs,

wherein the processing device selects and activates based on a control parameter, one of the following modes for speech recognition
purposes:

sequential speech recognition in which keyword recognition is first performed using the onboard speech recognition unit, and
then the first recognition result is used to extract at least one recognizable component and at least one unrecognizable component,
the at least one recognizable component is used to select the vehicle-external offboard speech recognition unit among a plurality
of vehicle-external offboard speech recognition units, and the at least one unrecognizable component is then supplied to the
selected vehicle-external offboard speech recognition unit to produce the second recognition result;

parallel speech recognition in which a single voice input is supplied in parallel to the onboard speech recognition unit and
independently thereof to the offboard speech recognition unit;

complete onboard speech recognition using the onboard speech recognition unit; and
complete offboard speech recognition using the offboard speech recognition unit, and
wherein the control parameter on which the processing device bases selection and activation, is a parameter relating to a
current operational scenario, the operational scenario indicating what operator control process is meant to be performed by
the user by way of the recognition text.

US Pat. No. 9,333,983

DUAL-STATE STEERING WHEEL/INPUT DEVICE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A steering wheel, comprising:
a wheel rim movably mounted on a steering column;
a hub disposed within a center of the wheel rim on the steering column; and
an input device disposed on the hub,
wherein the wheel rim is configured to physically separate from the hub and move along the steering column to a retracted
position.

US Pat. No. 9,355,793

USER INTERFACE OF A VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating a user interface of a vehicle, the user interface comprising a push button, the push button comprising
a user actuatable push element, an illumination, and a controllable drive adapted to move the push element, the method comprising:
positioning the push element by automatically controlling the drive depending on an operational state of the vehicle; and
automatically controlling the illumination depending on the operational state of the vehicle, wherein the illumination and
positioning of the push element indicate an operational capability of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,286,803

DIRECTIONAL PARKING AVAILABILITY VISUALIZATION SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system for presenting information of available parking spaces proximate the vehicle, comprising:
a processor in data communication with:
a graphical display device operative to present a graphical abstracted visualization of available parking spaces proximate
the vehicle, including an indication of a quantity of available spaces and their general heading and distance relative to
a current orientation and position of the vehicle;

a transceiver operative to communicate with at least one source of available parking information;
a global positioning system (GPS) module operative to determine a geographic location of the vehicle; and
a non-transitory data storage device on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, implements:
a database that stores information of available parking spaces obtained from the transceiver; and
instructions which, when executed on the processor, cause the system to:
obtain a geographic location of the vehicle from the GPS module;
determine an orientation of the vehicle;
identify available parking spaces proximate the vehicle based on the vehicle location;
determine an estimated distance and heading to each of the select parking spaces from the current vehicle location and orientation;
present on the display an abstracted graphical visualization indicative of the general amount and general direction of the
available parking spaces proximate the vehicle for use by a driver while driving to determine which direction is most likely
to lead to available parking spaces; and

dynamically obtain updated information of available proximate parking spaces and refresh the display with the updated information;
and

means for generating the abstracted graphical visualization indicative of the proximate available parking spaces;
wherein the abstracted graphical visualization is independent of geo-spatial and location visualizations.

US Pat. No. 9,096,273

APPARATUS FOR REINFORCING A SUPPORTING SUBFRAME

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. Apparatus, comprising:
a subframe for a motor vehicle, said subframe including two longitudinal beams and at least one crossbeam; and
a reinforcement for reinforcing the subframe, said reinforcement including radially protruding fixed mounts in the form of
two brackets and configured to articulate links of a wheel suspension to the longitudinal beams via rubber-metal sleeve bearings,
each longitudinal beam including at least in one region of articulation of one of the links a longitudinally extending portion
and a transversely extending portion which define an approximately 90° curvature,

wherein one of the brackets is supported on the longitudinally extending portion and the other one of the brackets is supported
on the transversely extending portion, and

wherein the brackets form a diagonal support in a region of the 90° curvature with a load path bridging the 90° curvature
and extending between the longitudinally extending portion and the transversely extending portion.

US Pat. No. 9,076,336

PERSONALIZED PARKING ASSISTANT

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle personalized parking system, comprising:
a processor in data communication with a graphical display device, a driver identifying device, a driver input device, a transceiver
operative to communicate with at least one source of parking space information, a global positioning system (GPS) module,
and a non-transitory data storage device on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, implements:

a parking information database that stores information of at least one of an available parking space, and a parking space
the vehicle has been parked in;

a weighting factor database that stores weighting factor information;
a driver preference database that stores driver preference information;
a parking preference analysis engine,
a parking recommendation engine;
an interface to an in-vehicle navigation system; and
instructions which, when executed on the processor, cause the system to:
identify the driver,
obtain from the driver a destination where a parking space is needed;
request current information of available parking spaces proximate the destination from the at least one source of parking
space information, and receive the requested information;

recommend by the parking recommendation engine at least one parking space based on the destination, the available parking
spaces, and the driver preference information, and

present the recommended parking space(s) on the display; and
means for gathering information of the parking spaces in which respective identified drivers park, means for analyzing the
drivers' selection of parking spaces parked in, and means for adapting the parking space recommendation based on the analyzing,

wherein the destination requested from the driver is used by the in-vehicle navigation system to provide driving directions
to the destination, the in-vehicle navigation system provides the destination to the in-vehicle personalized parking system
via the interface to the vehicle navigation system and the in-vehicle personalized parking system obtains information of available
parking spots around the destination,

wherein the driver identifying device includes one of a key fob, a camera, and a driver selection control of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,126,481

METHOD FOR OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE IN TRAILING THROTTLE MODE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for operating a motor vehicle, comprising:
detecting by a control device during a drive of the vehicle whether the vehicle moves in trailing throttle mode;
when the vehicle moves in trailing throttle mode, decreasing a rotational speed of a shaft driven by a drive of the motor
vehicle by automatically setting a regulating variable and

causing an intermediate device, which couples the shaft with ground contact elements of the motor vehicle via a transmission,
to assume one of multiple intermediate states between being disengaged and being fully engaged, said intermediate state being
commensurate with the regulating variable, and transferring a torque between the drive and the intermediate device as a function
of the intermediate state, wherein the rotational speed of the shaft and a rotational speed of the intermediate device differ
from each other in the intermediate state resulting in a clutch slip;

and after lowering the rotational speed of the shaft, reducing the clutch slip by lowering a rotational speed of an input
shaft of the transmission through a change of gears.

US Pat. No. 9,070,209

MOVING CONTROL CONSOLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A moving control console comprising:
a digital display unit implemented as a touchscreen;
a motor connected to the digital display unit; and
a housing in which the digital display unit is movable to different positions to move in and out of the housing, wherein user
interface graphics animations displayed on the digital display are aligned relative to the digital display based on the position
of the digital display as the digital display moves relative to the housing, such that the user interface graphics remain
in a same position relative to the visible portion of the digital display while the digital display is in motion and while
the digital display is stationary.

US Pat. No. 9,268,522

DEVICES AND METHODS FOR CONVEYING AUDIO INFORMATION IN VEHICLES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method, comprising:
outputting audio in a vehicle corresponding to a plurality of menu items in a vehicle display via a loudspeaker arrangement;
generating, in response to a selection of a first menu item of the plurality of menu items, a sound perceived to be audible
from a first direction; and

generating, in response to a selection of a second menu item of the plurality of menu items, a sound perceived to be audible
from a second direction,

wherein the second direction is different from the first direction, and
wherein the generation of the sounds perceived to be audible from the first and second directions is performed by beam forming
using interference between sound waves originating from a plurality of loudspeakers in the loudspeaker arrangement.

US Pat. No. 9,266,429

HUMAN MACHINE INTERFACE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system, comprising:
a human machine interface, the human machine interface configured to provide a driver of a vehicle with safety information
for performing a driving maneuver, the driving maneuver comprising a merge or a lane change,

wherein the human machine interface comprises a speed recommendation display, configured to display safe speed ranges and
unsafe speed ranges for performing the driving maneuver, and

wherein the human machine interface provides information with different levels of detail regarding information of the execution
of the driving maneuver on a plurality of visual elements in the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,293,135

COUNTERMEASURES FOR VOICE RECOGNITION DETERIORATION DUE TO EXTERIOR NOISE FROM PASSING VEHICLES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for countering disruption to a voice recognition system in a vehicle caused by a source of noise in proximity
to the vehicle, comprising:
an in-vehicle microphone that obtains a voice signal for input to the voice recognition system;
a plurality of sensors each operative to sense a condition external to the vehicle;
a tangible data processor coupled to the sensors and in data communication with a memory on which is stored instructions which
when executed on the processor implement a noise analyzer operative, based on the sensed conditions, to:

identify a source of noise external to the vehicle and approaching the vehicle;
determine a likelihood that the noise source will disrupt operation of the voice recognition system; and
estimate an amount of time remaining before the disruption is likely to begin; and
means for instantiating a countermeasure to the disruption based on the noise source identity, the likelihood of the disruption,
and the estimated time remaining.

US Pat. No. 9,272,711

CONGESTION-FRIENDLY ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A congestion-based adaptive cruise control (ACC) system for a vehicle, comprising:
a processor means for providing control signals for the vehicle to modify at least one of acceleration, deceleration and braking
in the vehicle; and

a radar sensor arrangement, operatively coupled to the processor, the sensor arrangement being configured to determine (i)
a distance value for a front vehicle based on a front vehicle velocity, and (ii) a distance value for a rear vehicle based
on a rear vehicle velocity,

wherein the processor means is configured to process (i) and (ii) from the radar sensor arrangement to determine a velocity
value for the vehicle, and wherein the processor means is configured to generate at least one control signal based on the
velocity value to alter the velocity of the vehicle using at least one of acceleration, deceleration and braking to position
the vehicle substantially at a mid-point between the front vehicle and rear vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,500,491

METHOD FOR POSITION DETERMINATION

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for determining a position of a motor vehicle, comprising:
determining on a digital road map the position of the motor vehicle on a roadway by way of satellite-based positioning (GPS),
wherein the roadway has at least one road sign located at a known relative distance from a reference point having a known
geographic position and the roadway is an interstate highway,

determining on the digital map a virtual route to be traveled by the motor vehicle to the reference point along the roadway,
optically capturing with a camera located in or on the vehicle the at least one road sign having distance information showing
the relative distance, wherein the road sign is captured, while driving, at a first time instance and the position of the
motor vehicle is determined at a second time instance, when the road sign leaves the capture region at the second time instance,

evaluating the at least one road sign using optical character recognition to determine the relative distance to the reference
point,

matching the determined relative distance to the reference point with map data stored on the digital road map by taking into
account the position of the motor vehicle determined by GPS and the travel along the virtual route, and

positioning the motor vehicle on the digital road map when the distance from the position of the motor vehicle to the reference
point on the digital road map is identical to the determined relative distance.

US Pat. No. 9,228,851

DISPLAY OF ESTIMATED TIME TO ARRIVAL AT UPCOMING PERSONALIZED ROUTE WAYPOINTS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system for presenting information of upcoming waypoints, comprising:
a processor in data communication with:
a graphical display device;
a speedometer;
a transceiver operative to communicate with at least one source of road information;
a global positioning system (GPS) module; and
a non-transitory data storage device on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, implements:
a database that stores information of roads and waypoints of general interest, routes previously travelled by the vehicle,
and destinations previously visited by the vehicle; and

instructions which, when executed on the processor, cause the system to:
obtain a speed of the vehicle;
obtain a geographic position of the vehicle;
determine a direction of travel of the vehicle;
identify a road being traversed by the vehicle and upcoming waypoints on the road in the direction of travel;
request current information of upcoming road conditions on the road being traversed, and receive the requested information;
select upcoming waypoints on the road being travelled for presentation on the display;
determine a distance between a current location and the select waypoints;
calculate an estimated time to arrival (ETA) from the current position to the select waypoints based on the current speed
and upcoming road conditions; and

present on the display a roadmap indicating the current location, the select waypoints, and the ETA to the select waypoints;
and

means for determining the previously travelled routes and previous destinations; and
means for adapting the selecting of waypoints based on at least one of the previously travelled routes and previous destinations,
the speed of the vehicle, and the upcoming road conditions,

wherein the system is configured to select and present waypoints when route guidance is inactive, and
wherein the route guidance is inactive when a destination is not set and used to determine the selected upcoming waypoints.

US Pat. No. 9,440,536

PASSENGER VEHICLE WITH A MODULAR CONTROL PANEL

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A modular control panel adapted for use in a passenger vehicle dashboard, the modular control panel comprising
a contact sensor that detects contacts over a substantially monolithic contact area, and
a face plate that extends over the substantially monolithic contact area, the face plate including a mount frame and a plurality
of movable control elements each coupled to the mount frame to move relative to the mount frame, each of the plurality of
movable control elements engage the substantially monolithic contact area of the contact sensor in response to a user moving
the movable control elements relative to the mount frame,

wherein at least one of the plurality of movable control elements is a button coupled to the mount frame to move relative
to the mount frame and at least one of the moveable control elements is a knob coupled to the mount frame to rotate relative
to the mount frame about an axis.

US Pat. No. 9,417,837

MULTIPLE INPUT AND PASSENGER ENGAGEMENT CONFIGURATION TO INFLUENCE DYNAMIC GENERATED AUDIO APPLICATION

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An apparatus for generating audio, comprising:
a first input configured to receive vehicle data received from a vehicle comprising information relating to a vehicle characteristic,
wherein the vehicle characteristic comprises at least one vehicle parameter indicating an operational state of a vehicle component;

a storage, operatively coupled to the input, for storing the vehicle data received from the vehicle and a plurality of audio
generation applications, wherein each of the plurality of audio generation applications are associated with a respective vehicle
state;

processing means, operatively coupled to the storage, wherein the processing means is configured to process the vehicle data
received from the vehicle over a predetermined period of time to determine a vehicle state and invoke at least one of the
plurality of audio generation application that is associated with the determined vehicle state;

a second input, configured to receive user input data comprising physical inputs from a user, wherein the processing means
is further configured to generate audio in the apparatus based on the user input data;

a third input for receiving device data comprising information indicating the presence of a device proximate to the apparatus;
and

a paired device that contains a device ID registered to at least one user,
wherein device registration is stored on the vehicle according to the device ID, and
wherein device registrations include a device user profile associated with each device ID that includes at least one of a
demographic data, user interests, or user device/vehicle history.

US Pat. No. 9,346,399

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SETTING PARAMETERS OF A PLURALITY OF LIGHT SOURCES AND AUDIO SOURCES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for setting at least one function parameter of at least one light source and at least one function parameter of
at least one audio source, wherein the at least one light source and at least one audio source are arranged in a vehicle,
the method comprising:
receiving an indication of an activation of a first function profile specifying the at least one function parameter of the
at least one light source and the at least one function parameter of the at least one audio source, wherein

the first function profile is a group-specific profile that specifies parameters as a function of a group of users;
activating the first function profile including setting functionality of the at least one light source based on the at least
one function parameter of the at least one light source and setting functionality of the at least one audio source based on
the at least one function parameter of the least one audio source,

wherein the setting of the functionality of the at least one light source and the setting of functionality of at least one
audio source comprise, respectively, setting functionality of all light sources which are assigned to a functional area of
light sources corresponding to a functional area of the first function profile, and setting functionality of all audio sources
which are assigned to a functional area of audio sources corresponding to the functional area of the first function profile,
while

ensuring that light and audio sources exist whose parameters are not to be changed by the activation of the first function
profile.

US Pat. No. 9,335,756

METHOD FOR THE EFFICIENT PROTECTION OF SAFETY-CRITICAL FUNCTIONS OF A CONTROLLER AND A CONTROLLER

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for operating a controller, comprising
processing input data into output data in a first determination of the output data by using a first algorithm,
determining a first group of the output data that does not contain all possible output data,
performing a first check as to whether output data determined in the first determination is contained in the first group,
and

performing a second determination of the output data to perform a second check of the output data only for those output data
contained in the first group.

US Pat. No. 9,464,908

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CLUSTERING POINTS OF INTEREST IN A NAVIGATION SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A navigation system, comprising:
a processor;
a sensor, operatively coupled to the processor, the sensor being configured to determine a location of the navigation system;
an input, operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the input is configured to receive destination data, specifying a
destination, and point-of-interest (POI) data specifying a plurality of generic or specific POIs from a user,

wherein the processor is configured to process the destination data and the plurality of generic and specific POIs to determine
a plurality of POIs that are in closest proximity to the destination and clustering the POIs for presentation on a navigational
map,

wherein the processor is configured to determine at least one alternate POI that is in closest proximity to the destination
based on a predetermined distance threshold in response to a determination that the clustered POIs exceed the predetermined
distance threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,398,096

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ACCESSING AN IN-VEHICLE COMMUNICATION NETWORK VIA A MEDIA INTERFACE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for accessing an in-vehicle communication network, comprising:
a media interface including a microprocessor, the media interface connected to a vehicle media system; and
a multimedia device connected to the media interface and configured to access the in-vehicle communication network via the
vehicle media system such that the microprocessor is configured to transmit data bidirectionally between the multimedia device
and one or more electronic control units included in the in-vehicle communication network;

wherein the multimedia device is configured to manipulate the data loaded on the multimedia device;
wherein the multimedia device is configured to connect to an external network, and to retrieve, from the external network,
update data for a module within the in-vehicle communication network;

wherein the microprocessor of the media interface is configured to transmit the update data from the connected multimedia
device to the in-vehicle communication network; and

wherein the microprocessor of the media interface is configured to retrieve update data from the connected multimedia device,
identify a module within the in-vehicle communication network to update, and transmit the update data to the identified module.

US Pat. No. 9,305,412

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VEHICLE AUTHENTICATION MANAGEMENT AND REPORTING

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for vehicle authentication, comprising:
a communications interface for receiving a vehicle event signal, said vehicle event signal comprising information regarding
a vehicle event comprising at least one of (i) a door lock condition and (ii) an operating condition of a vehicle;

a storage, operatively coupled to the communications interface, said storage being configured to store a vehicle event schedule
and at least one authentication rule, said storage being further configured to store the vehicle event signal; and

a processor, operatively coupled to the communications interface and storage, wherein the processor is configured to determine
when the vehicle event signal is compliant and when the vehicle event signal is not compliant with the vehicle event schedule
based on the at least one authentication rule,

wherein the processor is further configured to flag the vehicle event as potentially unauthorized when the signal is not compliant,
and generate an authentication request, requiring a predetermined response, for transmission from the communications interface
in order to execute the vehicle event.

US Pat. No. 9,222,795

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETOUR GUIDANCE IN A NAVIGATION SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for providing navigational maneuver instructions, comprising:
a navigation apparatus configured to generate navigation map data on a navigation system display, the navigation apparatus
comprising a communications input for receiving traffic data and vehicle data; and

a secondary display apparatus, communicatively coupled to the navigation system,
wherein the navigation system is configured to determine a maneuver instruction sequence based on the traffic data and vehicle
data,

wherein the maneuver instruction sequence comprises a series of directional instructions for responding to the traffic data
and vehicle data, and

wherein at least some of the directional instructions are represented for display as a series of generic navigational indicia.

US Pat. No. 9,777,518

COLLISION PROTECTION DEVICE FOR A PIVOTABLE HATCH OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, HATCH, MOTOR VEHICLE AND CORRESPONDING METHOD

VALEO SCHALTER UND SENSOR...

1. A dual operation optical visibility and collision protection device for use in conjunction with a pivotable hatch of a
motor vehicle, the device comprising:
a sensor for detecting optical visibility and for detecting an obstacle in a pivoting range of the hatch, the sensor having
an infrared transmitter and an infrared receiver;

a first control unit configured to output, in dependence on first sensor signals from the sensor, control commands for stopping
an opening movement of the hatch;

a second control unit configured to output, in dependence on second sensor signals from the sensor, control commands for activating
at least one of a headlight, taillight, or fog light of the motor vehicle;

wherein the sensor is configured to measure at least one of the reflectivity and transmission time of emitted and reflected
infrared beams, determine a distance based on the reflected infrared beams, and transmit first sensor signals to the first
control unit and second sensor signals to the second control unit based on the distance.

US Pat. No. 9,348,555

IN-VEHICLE ACCESS OF MOBILE DEVICE FUNCTIONS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for in-vehicle access of mobile device functions, the system comprising:
an in-vehicle user control and an in-vehicle head unit (HU), the in-vehicle user control being configured to control the function
of the (HU)

wherein the HU-includes:
a graphical display device;
a transceiver configured to communicate with a mobile user equipment (UE) communication terminal;
a tangible processing unit (processor);
a non-transitory data storage device (memory) in data communication with the processor, on which is stored computer code which,
when executed on the processor, implements:

a protocol stack (stack) configured to establish a communication session between the HU and the UE;
a browser application (browser) configured to receive hypertext markup language version 5 (HTML5) code and to generate and
present, on the display, a graphical user interface (GUI) based on the received HTML5 code;

at least one cascading style sheet (CSS) that works in cooperation with the received HTML5 code to provide a characteristic
look to the generated GUI; and

instructions which cause the HU to:
send a request to the UE via the transceiver for app data including at least one of HTML5 code and code in another programming
language;

receive the requested app data via the transceiver; and
present on the display, via the browser application, a GUI generated using the received app data and the CSS,
wherein the protocol stack is integrated with the browser application, the app data received via the transceiver includes
a list of apps installed on the UE, the HU is configured to display icons for the list of apps for selection by a user on
the HU display, and

wherein, in response to selection of one of the listed apps by the user on the HU display, the UE launches a select one of
the UE installed apps, the HU launches the browser on the HU, a web server is launched on the UE, and the HTML5 code for rendering
the received app data in the HU generated GUI is sent to the HU to be rendered by the browser application running on the HU,
wherein, the UE and the HU are both configured to use the same syntax and semantics to render the received app data in the
generated GUI code for presentation on the display such that the GUI is rendered in the same way on the UE and HU,

wherein computer code is stored in the memory that implements a delegation server,
and wherein the delegation server requests, from the UE, a resource sought by the selected app,
wherein the delegation server is configured to delegate tasks between the HU and the UE to obtain better app performance based
on capability and load at the HU and the UE.

US Pat. No. 9,323,813

METHOD FOR PROVIDING AT LEAST ONE SERVICE WITH AT LEAST ONE ITEM OF FORMATTED ASSESSMENT INFORMATION ASSOCIATED WITH A DATA RECORD

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for providing formatted assessment information associated with a data record, comprising:
generating first assessment information associated with the data record, the first assessment information being generated
based on a detected user specification;

deriving a plurality of items of formatted assessment information associated with the data record, the plurality of items
of formatted assessment information being derived from the first assessment information, the plurality of items of formatted
assessment information having formats corresponding to predefined format specifications of respective different services,
each predefined format specification being with regard to a multilevel assessment scheme of the respective different service,
each multilevel assessment scheme having a plurality of assessment levels; and

making the plurality of items of formatted assessment information available to the respective different services,
wherein the predefined format specifications of respective different services include:
a first predefined format specification corresponding to a multilevel assessment scheme having two levels for a first service,
and a second predefined format specification corresponding to another multilevel assessment scheme having more than two levels
for a second service.

US Pat. No. 9,147,898

CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A SEALED COOLANT FLOW FIELD FUEL CELL POWER PLANT HAVING A WATER RESERVOIR

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A control system of a fuel cell power plant configured to generate electrical current from an oxidant reactant stream and
a hydrogen-rich fuel reactant stream, the control system comprising:
at least one fuel cell including a membrane electrode assembly having a proton exchange membrane disposed between an anode
catalyst surface and an opposed cathode catalyst surface of the assembly, an anode flow field defined in fluid communication
with the anode catalyst surface and with a fuel inlet line to direct flow of the hydrogen-rich fuel reactant stream from the
fuel inlet line adjacent the anode catalyst surface and out of the anode flow field through an anode exhaust as an anode exhaust
stream, a cathode flow field defined in fluid communication with the cathode catalyst surface and with a source of the oxidant
to direct flow of the oxidant reactant stream from an oxidant inlet line adjacent the cathode catalyst surface and out of
the cathode flow field through a cathode exhaust as a cathode exhaust stream;

a sealed coolant flow field secured in thermal exchange with one of the anode flow field and the cathode flow field for directing
to direct a coolant fluid from a coolant inlet of a coolant loop, through the coolant flow field and through a coolant loop
outlet, the coolant loop configured to control a temperature of the coolant fluid within the coolant flow field;

at least one water reservoir secured in fluid communication with at least one of the anode flow field and the cathode flow
field and secured in fluid isolation from the sealed coolant flow field, the water reservoir configured to move water from
the reservoir and into the reactant stream located in the at least one of the anode and cathode flow fields, and to move water
from the reactant stream located in the at least one of the anode and cathode flow fields and into the at least one reservoir;
and,

a relative-humidity controller secured in communication with the fuel cell and configured to selectively control at least
one of a pressure of the reactant streams, a flow rate of the reactant streams, and a temperature of the coolant fluid within
the sealed coolant flow field, so that water moves from the water reservoir into the reactant gas streams whenever power generated
by the fuel cell is between about eighty percent and about one-hundred percent of a predetermined maximum power output of
the fuel cell, and so that water moves from the reactant gas streams into the water reservoir whenever power produced by the
fuel cell is less than about seventy-five percent of the predetermined maximum power output of the fuel cell.

US Pat. No. 9,465,375

SLIDING HARD KEYS

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A module, comprising:
a motor;
a threaded shaft coupled to and extending from the motor;
a movable platform movably attached to the threaded shaft;
a fastener configured to attach the movable platform to the threaded shaft, the threaded shaft being threadably engaged with
the fastener; and

a hard key movably supported on the movable platform,
wherein the hard key is movable through an opening in the module with vertical movement of the movable platform, and
wherein the hard key is connected directly to the movable platform.

US Pat. No. 9,244,527

SYSTEM, COMPONENTS AND METHODOLOGIES FOR GAZE DEPENDENT GESTURE INPUT CONTROL

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A control system comprising:
at least one user interface that outputs data to a user;
at least one gaze tracking sensor that tracks a gaze of the user and outputs data indicating a gaze direction of the user;
a processor that receives the data indicating the gaze direction of the user; and
a plurality of gesture recognition sensors that configured to detect at least one gesture made by the user, on a plurality
of disjunct surfaces included in an automotive vehicle in which the user is sitting and outputs data indicating the at least
one gesture,

wherein the processor includes a means for determining the functionality a user wishes to control by tracking the user's gaze
using the data indicating the gaze direction of the user and identifying a selected area of interest displayed on the at least
one user interface based on the data indicating the gaze direction of the user,

wherein the processor also includes a means for recognizing at least one gesture based on the data indicating the at least
one gesture made by the user and for controlling at least one operation associated with the selected area of interest based
on the data indicating the at least one gesture made by the user, and

wherein the control system controls operation of the vehicle or in-vehicle control system for the vehicle in which the user
is sitting.

US Pat. No. 9,499,125

VEHICLE SYSTEM FOR ACTIVATING A VEHICLE COMPONENT TO PROVIDE VEHICLE ACCESS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A vehicle system for activating at least one vehicle component to provide access to a vehicle, the vehicle system comprising:
a first receiver operative to obtain a wireless signal at least comprising first identification data of at least one mobile
electronic device;

a memory storing at least second identification data; and
at least a second receiver operative to check a presence of a matching vehicle access key, the second receiver being operative
to check the presence of a matching vehicle access key if the first identification data matches the at least second identification
data, and

wherein, if the check is successful, the vehicle system receives and executes at least two commands from the at least one
mobile electronic device, wherein the commands operate the at least one vehicle component through a vehicle control system,

wherein the at least one mobile device is connected with a server for generating at least one of the commands, and
wherein the first receiver or the at least second receiver is operative to obtain a wireless signal comprising data for a
vehicle system preference.

US Pat. No. 9,073,476

MULTIFUNCTIONAL STRIP FOR MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A multifunctional strip for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a panel element having a strip-shaped configuration and constructed for outputting first and second items of information which
are independent of one another;

at least one actuator provided on the panel element for outputting an audible acoustic signal as one of the items of information,
said at least one actuator constructed controllable to output the audible acoustic signal; and

at least one optical display element for outputting at least one of the first and second items of information.

US Pat. No. 9,628,000

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A MOTOR USING PULSE WIDTH MODULATION (PWM)

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

11. A controller for an electric motor, comprising:
a quartz crystal or resonator to generate a pulse width modulation (PWM) signal to power the motor, the PWM signal having
a PWM frequency;

a device to measure one or more currently set carrier frequencies of a radio transmitter; and
a prescaler to trim the PWM frequency to a select carrier frequency of the one or more currently set carrier frequencies,
so that an integer multiple of the PWM frequency coincides with the select carrier frequency, or when there are at least two
currently set carrier frequencies, so that an integer multiple of the PWM frequency lies in a middle between the two currently
set carrier frequencies,

wherein
the select carrier frequency corresponds to a radio signal currently broadcast by the radio transmitter,
when there are at least two currently set carrier frequencies at least one other integer multiple of the PWM frequency coincides
with at least one of the two currently set carrier frequencies, and

a currently set carrier frequency among the at least two currently set carrier frequencies which coincides with an integer
multiple of the PWM frequency corresponds to a radio signal currently broadcast by the radio transmitter.

US Pat. No. 9,402,168

OUTPUT OF MESSAGES RECEIVED BY A FIRST RECEIVING APPLIANCE AND BY A SECOND RECEIVING APPLIANCE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An apparatus in a motor vehicle, comprising:
a first receiving appliance, the first receiving appliance being a message transmitter/receiver communication module integrated
in the motor vehicle to receive a message from an external source;

a second receiving appliance, the second receiving appliance being a message transmitter/receiver appliance to receive a message
from an external source;

a controller integrated in the motor vehicle to combine messages received by the first receiving appliance from the external
source and messages received by the second receiving appliance from the external source, to form a common message base for
combined output of the messages received by the first and second receiving appliances; and

an output unit to output the messages received by the first and second receiving appliances according to the common message
base, wherein

for each message combined by the controller, an identifier is stored to indicate which receiving appliance originally received
the message, and

when a first response is received by the controller to a first message among the messages received by the first and second
receiving appliances and output via the output unit, the controller is configured to route the first response to the first
message from the controller to the respective receiving appliance which originally received the first message, by using the
stored identifier, and the respective receiving appliance which originally received the first message is configured to transmit
the first response to the external source which originally sent the message to the respective receiving appliance.

US Pat. No. 9,500,493

SITUATION-AWARE ROUTE AND DESTINATION PREDICTIONS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A system, comprising:
a sensor configured to detect vehicle data;
a situation detection unit configured to receive the vehicle data from the sensor and to determine a plurality of common usage
scenarios based on the vehicle data, the situation detection unit configured to determine and assign a likelihood value for
the plurality of common usage scenarios;

a navigation system control unit configured to receive the vehicle data from the sensor and the plurality of common usage
scenarios and the likelihood value from the situation detection unit, and the navigation system control unit is configured
to predict a most likely usage scenario from the plurality of common usage scenarios and determine a set of destinations for
the predicted most likely usage scenario;

a user interface configured to display the predicted most likely usage scenario to a user and configured to receive user input
such that the user is able to confirm the predicted most likely usage scenario; and

a historical database containing vehicle data for prior vehicle trips and a reliability value for prior predictions,
wherein when the user confirms the predicted most likely usage scenario, the historical database is configured to update the
reliability value, and

wherein when the user confirms the predicted most likely usage scenario the system applies settings, corresponding to the
predicted most likely usage scenario, to in-vehicle systems.

US Pat. No. 9,464,603

MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:
a hood for closing an engine compartment of the motor vehicle, said hood having a deformation region for pedestrian protection;
an air intake line arranged in the deformation region of the hood and having an inlet opening and an outlet opening, said
air intake line being fluidly connected to an intake manifold of an internal combustion engine via an air filter, said air
intake line comprising a fiber composite element made of an air-permeable fiber composite material which has a matrix made
of thermoplastic material, said fiber composite element being configured to permit air flow through the fiber composite element
into an air-conducting internal space of the air intake line along the air intake line, and out of the outlet opening also
in case of blockage of the inlet opening; and

a sealing arranged on the inlet opening or the outlet opening and fastened to the fiber composite element.

US Pat. No. 9,096,116

DRIVE WITH AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND AN EXPANSION MACHINE WITH GAS RETURN

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

10. A method for operating a drive for a motor vehicle, with an internal combustion engine, a compressed gas storage connected
with at least one combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine, and an expansion machine, comprising the steps of:
compressing a gas in the at least one combustion chamber to produce a compressed gas;
expanding the compressed gas in the expansion machine to perform work,
supplying at least a portion of gas expanded in the expansion machine into the at least one combustion chamber or into an
intake passage of the internal combustion engine, and

supplying the compressed gas from the at least one combustion chamber to at least one of the compressed gas storage and an
inlet of the expansion machine;

wherein the supplying of the compressed gas is via at least one exhaust port of a cylinder of the at least one combustion
chamber and an exhaust manifold using a three-way valve; and

discharging exhaust gas from the at least one combustion chamber via an exhaust gas passage of the internal combustion engine
using at least one additional exhaust port.

US Pat. No. 9,102,328

MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A HYBRID DRIVE AND METHOD FOR SELECTING AN ELECTRIC MACHINE AND/OR A STARTER FOR STARTING A COMBUSTION ENGINE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A motor vehicle with a hybrid drive, the motor vehicle comprising:
a combustion engine,
an electric machine configured to be operated as a motor and to start the combustion engine,
a starter configured to start the combustion engine, and
a control unit configured to select, in an impending startup of the combustion engine, at least one of the electric machine
and the starter to start the combustion engine, said selection depending on at least one operating parameter of the motor
vehicle selected from a dynamics of operating the accelerator pedal or a brake pedal, or both, and a current cylinder position
of the combustion engine, and an additional operating parameter depending on at least one characteristic curve field associated
with an engaged gear,

wherein the control unit is configured to select the electric machine to start the combustion engine when the dynamics of
operating the accelerator pedal describes a low vehicle dynamics requirement, and to select the starter to start the combustion
engine in at least one of the following situations: the dynamics of operating the accelerator pedal describes a high vehicle
dynamics requirement, and during a quick switch from the brake pedal to the accelerator pedal.

US Pat. No. 9,403,444

IN-SERVICE FUEL CELL PERFORMANCE RECOVERY

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method comprising:
operating a fuel cell power plant that provides electric power to an electrically propelled vehicle in a manner to recover
fuel cell stack performance when the electrically propelled vehicle is temporarily not moving and is demanding either a small
amount of power or no power at all,

wherein recovering fuel cell stack performance comprises, in order, disconnecting the electrically propelled vehicle from
an electric power output of the fuel cell power plant, connecting one or more voltage limiting devices to the electric power
output of the fuel cell power plant, shutting off oxidant supply to cathodes of the fuel cell power plant, and shutting off
fuel supply to anodes of the fuel cell power plant, and

once fuel cell stack performance has been recovered, restoring normal operation of the fuel cell power plant in response to
one or more conditions selected from a) a drive system of the electrically propelled vehicle consuming power in excess of
a threshold amount, b) a vehicle speed exceeding a speed threshold, and c) an electric energy storage device which receives
electric charge from the fuel cell power plant having a state of charge less than a threshold state of charge.

US Pat. No. 9,255,590

VENTILATION DEVICE FOR A HYDRAULIC CYLINDER

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A ventilation device for a hydraulic cylinder connectable to a member to be actuated, comprising:
a body having a chamber provided with a first port communicable with said hydraulic cylinder and a second port exclusively
communicable with a selected space;

a closure member disposed in said chamber, displaceable along a line of travel into sealing engagement with either of said
ports and being laterally spaced from a surface of said chamber, relative to said line of travel to allow the passage of a
fluid; and

a prestressed member disposed in said chamber between said body and said closure member, along said line of travel,
wherein said body includes a portion projecting into said prestressed member, providing said second port engagable by said
closure member, and the force exertable by said prestressed member is greater than the force of a fluid at a first pressure
applied to said first port, urging said closure member into sealing engagement with said first port, the force exertable by
said prestressed member is less than the force of a fluid at a second pressure applied to said first port, urging said closure
member into sealing engagement with said second port, and between the force of a fluid at a third pressure between said first
and second pressures applied to said first port, urging said closure member out of sealing engagement with both of said ports.

US Pat. No. 9,268,951

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENABLING A TECHNICAL APPARATUS

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for data transmission between a technical apparatus having a receiving unit, a transmitting unit and a computer
unit, a backend having a receiving unit, a transmitting unit and a computer unit, and a mobile terminal having a receiving
unit, a transmitting unit and a storage unit, comprising:
transmitting a reservation request of a user by the transmitting unit of the mobile terminal to the receiving unit of the
backend and forwarding of the reservation request to the computer unit of the backend;

checking the reservation request by the computer unit of the backend in relation to authentication and authorization of the
user and availability of the technical apparatus;

generating a data record by the computer unit of the backend, the data record containing reservation information and a unique
identification feature including information relating to authentication and authorization of the user;

encrypting the data record by the computer unit of the backend to produce an encrypted data record, the data record being
encrypted with an apparatus-specific password in such a way that the encrypted data record cannot be read and/or decrypted
by the mobile terminal;

forwarding the encrypted data record to the transmitting unit of the backend, transmitting the encrypted data record by the
transmitting unit of the backend to the receiving unit of the mobile terminal and storing the encrypted data record in the
storage unit of the mobile terminal;

transmitting the encrypted data record by the user from the transmitting unit of the mobile terminal to the receiving unit
of the technical apparatus, forwarding of the encrypted data record to the computer unit of the technical apparatus;

decrypting and then evaluating the encrypted data record by the computer unit of the technical apparatus;
generating an authentication request by the computer unit of the technical apparatus, forwarding the authentication request
to the transmitting unit of the technical apparatus and transmitting the authentication request by the transmitting unit of
the technical apparatus to the receiving unit of the mobile terminal;

transmitting an authentication response by the user to the receiving unit of the technical apparatus, forwarding the authentication
response to, and evaluating the authentication response by the computer unit of the technical apparatus; and

enabling the technical apparatus by the computer unit of the technical apparatus, wherein after decrypting and evaluating
the encrypted data record by the computer unit of the technical apparatus, a checking process is performed, the checking process
comprising:

generating by the computer unit of the technical apparatus, a validation request to check the unique identification feature
contained in the data record, forwarding the validation request to the transmitting unit of the technical apparatus;

transmitting the validation request by the transmitting unit of the technical apparatus to the receiving unit of the backend,
forwarding the validation request to, and evaluating the validation request by the computer unit of the backend; and

generating a validation response by the computer unit of the backend, forwarding the validation response to the transmitting
unit of the backend, transmitting the validation response by the transmitting unit of the backend to the receiving unit of
the technical apparatus, forwarding the validation response to, and evaluating the validation response by the computer unit
of the technical apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,266,432

OPERATING SYSTEM FOR DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS OF A MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE WITH AN OPERATING SYSTEM OF THIS KIND

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An operating system for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a plurality of operating elements assigned to an operating group, the operating elements being configured exclusively for
operating driver assistance systems assigned to a system group, the driver assistance systems provided to control movement
of the motor vehicle, wherein

the driver assistance systems have a plurality of operating modes, each corresponding to automation of one or more tasks of
a vehicle control system,

the operating system is associated with a plurality of combinations of operating modes, and
a corresponding function for operating the driver assistance systems is assigned to each of the operating elements in accordance
with a currently set combination of operating modes.

US Pat. No. 9,186,758

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A TURBINE ROTOR OF AN EXHAUST GAS TURBOCHARGER, AND USE OF A TURBINE ROTOR

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for producing a turbine rotor of an exhaust gas turbocharger, wherein the turbine rotor comprises a turbine wheel
having a hub and turbine blades extending from the hub, and a shaft, the method comprising:
providing the turbine wheel and the shaft;
forming a protective coating by applying or incorporating a halogen on or in the surface the turbine wheel and thereafter
heat treating the turbine wheel;

removing the protective coating from the hub only from a wheel flange of the turbine wheel; and
connecting the shaft to the hub of the turbine wheel after the protective coating has been formed on the turbine wheel and
thereafter removed from the hub.

US Pat. No. 9,115,613

SPLINED-SHAFT CONNECTION AND VALVE TIMING MECHANISM WITH A SPLINED-SHAFT CONNECTION BETWEEN A CAMSHAFT AND DISPLACEABLE CAM CARRIERS

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An assembly comprising:
a shaft rotatable about the axis thereof with external splines; and
an annular member receiving said shaft therethrough, provided with internal splines meshing with said external splines of
said shaft and being axially displaceable relative to said shaft upon rotation of said shaft about the axis thereof;

wherein in a first segment of the external splines of said shaft, the top land of each external spline is spaced from the
bottom land of a successive set of internal splines, and the flanks of each external spline abut the opposed flanks of a successive
set of internal splines; and
in a second segment of the external splines of said shaft, the top land of each external spline abuts the bottom land of a
successive set of internal splines, and the flanks of each external spline are spaced less than the opposed flanks of a successive
set of internal splines.

US Pat. No. 9,744,846

ROLLER BLIND MODULE FOR A COOLING MODULE OF A VEHICLE AND FRONT END ELEMENT FOR A VEHICLE

HBPO GmbH, Lippstadt (DE...

1. A roller blind module (1) for a cooling module (2) of a vehicle wherein the roller blind module (1) is positioned at the cooling module(2), the roller blind module comprising: blind element (10), at least a drive (15), by which the roller blind element (10) is uncoilable in a first rolling direction from a first position (11) to at least one second position (12) and coilable in a second rolling direction, wherein in the first position (11) the roller blind element (10) is wound up and in the at least one second position (12) the roller blind element (10) is positioned in front of the cooling module (2) with respect to a driving direction (30) of the vehicle; and a cleaning device (20) with at least one cleaning element (21) wherein the roller blind element (10) is cleanable by the cleaning element (21), wherein the roller blind element (10) is deflected by at least one deflection roller, wherein the at least one cleaning element (21) is positioned on the at least one deflection roller (13) and when the at least one deflection roller (13) rotates the cleaning element (21) is movable between a cleaning position and a disengaged position; the cleaning element being configured to clean the roller
blind element (10) when the roller blind element (10) moves in one of the rolling directions of the roller blind element (10) and the cleaning element is in the cleaning position; wherein the at least one deflection roller (13) is pivotably mounted such that when the roller blind element (10) is uncoiling from the first position (11) to the at least one second position (12) the at least one deflection roller (13) rotates such that the cleaning element (21) moves from the cleaning position to the disengaged position.

US Pat. No. 9,281,529

PROTECTIVE EDGE SEAL HAVING ALKALI METAL IONS FOR MEMBRANE ION EXCHANGE

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A unitized electrode assembly for a fuel cell, comprising:
a membrane including a peripheral edge region adjacent to a peripheral edge of the membrane, the membrane including hydrogen
ions coupled with the membrane by proton-sulfonic coupling;

an anode catalyst layer positioned at a first side of the membrane;
a cathode catalyst layer positioned at a second side of the membrane; and
an edge seal proximate to, and in ion-transfer relation with, the peripheral edge region of the membrane, the edge seal containing
alkali metal ions capable of leaching into at least the peripheral edge region, wherein an alkali-sulfonic coupling of the
alkali metal ions with the membrane is stronger than the proton-sulfonic coupling of the hydrogen ions with the membrane to
drive the leaching.

US Pat. No. 9,266,500

METHOD AND EVALUATION SYSTEM FOR SUPERVISING CORRECT BELT UTILIZATION

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for supervising correct belt utilization of a safety belt in a motor vehicle, comprising:
supervising belt lock state changes for a belt lock at a driver's seat of the motor vehicle, each belt lock state change being
either a change from an open belt lock state to a closed belt lock state or a change from the closed belt lock state to the
open belt lock state;

emitting a warning signal and/or influencing a safety system of the motor vehicle if the open belt lock state is detected;
and

detecting feigned belt utilization at the driver's seat by evaluating the belt lock state changes with respect to door actuations
in the motor vehicle, feigned belt utilization being detected if at least one of the following conditions is determined:

a driver's door has been unlocked from outside the motor vehicle and the closed belt lock state already existed before the
driver's door was opened;

there is no belt lock state change in a time period from opening of the driver's door until starting driving;
a plurality of driving cycles are detected without any belt lock state change, each driving cycle comprising opening and closing
of the driver's door; and

the closed belt lock state is maintained without a belt lock state change in a time period of from when the driver's door
is locked from outside until a vehicle safety system has been entirely switched off.

US Pat. No. 9,238,434

REAR VIEW MIRROR SIMULATION

SMR Patents S.a.r.l., Lu...

1. A method for exterior mirror simulation, for a motor vehicle having a reverse view switch and driven by a driver, whereby
an image of a wide-angle lens having a field of view is recorded, and information collected by pixels of an optical sensor
undergoes the following steps:
recording of the image;
determining distortion created by the wide-angle lens;
removing the distortion from the image;
selecting an image rectification algorithm;
applying the image rectification algorithm to subset of the total pixels in the image to create a rectified image;
storing the rectified image;
modifying the rectified image to a distorted rectified image representing the rectified image as viewed through a non-planar
mirror only based on visible light information provided by the optical sensor;

displaying the distorted rectified image on a display;
adjusting the display device to an extended display when the motor vehicle is reversing to display more the distorted rectified
image; and

enlarging the field of view in the display when the motor vehicle is being reversed.

US Pat. No. 9,248,742

MOTOR VEHICLE COMPRISING A DRIVER ASSISTANCE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:
a driver assistance device configured to be operable in a plurality of assistance modes which differ from one another in a
degree of independence in controlling driving operations of the motor vehicle during driving of the motor vehicle; and

an operator control device configured to set a currently active assistance mode for the driver assistance device, the operator
control device being arranged to serve as a palm rest and arranged for a hand surface of a user of the operator control device,
the operator control device comprising:

a support body mounted so as to be manually rotatable about a vertical axis, the driver assistance device being switched over
between the plurality of assistance modes, to set the currently active assistance mode, as a function of a rotational position
of the support body;

a plurality of operator control elements selectively arranged in a primary reach of a driver of the motor vehicle to set,
when activated, driving parameters for respective assistance modes, each driving parameter defining a driving behavior of
the driver assistance device in the respective assistance mode, the operator control elements comprising a wing operator control
element and a lower operator control element, the lower operator control element being arranged next to the support body;
and

a wing element extending from the support body and which covers, as a function of the rotational position of the support body
the lower operator control element, the wing operator control element being arranged on the wing element such that the wing
operator control element is located above the lower operator control element when the wing element covers the lower operator
control element.

US Pat. No. 9,246,176

METHOD TO PREPARE FULL MONOLAYER OF PLATINUM ON PALLADIUM BASED CORE NANOPARTICLES

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for forming catalytic nanoparticles, the method comprising:
forming core-shell catalytic nanoparticles having a palladium core enclosed by a platinum shell; and
increasing a percentage of surface area of the core-shell catalytic nanoparticles covered by the platinum shell by further
processing the core-shell catalytic nanoparticles,
wherein increasing the percentage of surface area of the core-shell catalytic nanoparticles covered by the platinum shell
comprises A) or B):
A) storing the core-shell catalytic nanoparticles in a hydrogen environment to absorb hydrogen into the palladium core; and
depositing platinum atoms on the surface of the core-shell catalytic nanoparticles by reducing a platinum salt with the hydrogen
absorbed into the palladium core; or

B) subjecting the core-shell catalytic nanoparticles to potential cycling before incorporating the core-shell catalytic nanoparticles
into a catalyst layer of an electrochemical cell.

US Pat. No. 9,254,802

METHOD FOR OPERATING A SAFETY SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for operating a safety system of a motor vehicle comprising the steps of:
after an unavoidable collision, determining a target trajectory of the motor vehicle to be realized with the safety system,
wherein the target trajectory is assigned to a target position of the motor vehicle, which target position is safe with regard
to secondary collisions; and

performing at least one autonomous and/or supporting driving intervention in the form of at least one of a longitudinally
guiding intervention and a transverse guiding intervention after the collision for realizing the target trajectory.

US Pat. No. 9,174,529

DEVICE FOR VENTILATING AND AERATING A FUEL TANK

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A device for ventilating and aerating a fuel tank, comprising:
a tank shut-off valve; and
two tank pressure control valves operating independently from one another, one of the two tank pressure control valves configured
to open in response to a negative pressure in the fuel tank and another one of the two tank pressure control valves configured
to open in response to an overpressure in the fuel tank,

wherein the two tank pressure control valves are mounted on opposite sides of the tank shut-off valve.

US Pat. No. 9,153,823

CARBIDE STABILIZED CATALYST STRUCTURES AND METHOD OF MAKING

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method of forming a catalyst structure, the method comprising:
providing a catalyst support structure having a core and an inner carbide film on the core;
depositing catalyst nanoparticles on the catalyst support structure; and
forming an outer carbide film on the catalyst support structure after the step of depositing catalyst nanoparticles, wherein
the outer carbide film is preferentially formed on the catalyst support structure compared to the catalyst particles.

US Pat. No. 9,290,124

LIGHTING DEVICE, IN PARTICULAR CONTOUR LIGHTING FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A lighting device, comprising:
a housing constructed of a first plastic material forming the housing main body and made of a plastic material which acts
as a diffuser and a second plastic material covering at least partially an outer surface of the first plastic material, wherein
the housing is translucent to light coupled into the housing, and

a coating that is a opaque for the light coupled in and is disposed on an outer side of the second plastic material at least
in a region that is visible in an installed position of the housing, wherein a portion of the coating is locally removed so
as to form a narrow light-emitting line.

US Pat. No. 9,182,824

ACTUATING DEVICE HAVING A TOUCH-SENSITIVE SURFACE WHICH CAN BE MANUALLY OPERATED

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An operating apparatus comprising:
a manually operable touch-sensitive surface to sense a finger-surface contact area of a finger on the touch-sensitive surface
during a triggering operation;

an actuator system associated with the touch-sensitive surface to provide a haptic feedback signal to the finger via the touch-sensitive
surface;

a compressive force sensor to sense a pressure provided to the touch-sensitive surface from the finger pushing on the touch-sensitive
surface; and

a control device:
to trigger a command input when the compressive force sensor senses that the pressure provided to the touch-sensitive surface
is at least equal to a minimum sufficient pressure;

to determine a first finger-surface contact area A1 at a time at which the minimum sufficient pressure is sensed;

to continuously determine a second finger-surface contact area A2 until a ratio A1/A2?x, where x is a predetermined ratio value; and

to identify release of pressure from the touch-sensitive surface when, and to trigger the haptic feedback signal upon, the
ratio A1/A2?x.

US Pat. No. 9,115,634

ROTARY SLIDE VALVE WITH A THERMOSTATIC BYPASS

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A fail-safe rotary actuator for a coolant circuit, comprising:
a pump for circulating a coolant within the coolant circuit;
a rotary-slide housing having a plurality of housing pass-through openings which are fluidly connected to a sub-circuit of
the coolant circuit, the sub-circuit having a radiator, an inlet line, and an outlet line, the plurality of housing pass-through
openings including 1) an opening that accepts fluid form the inlet line, 2) an opening that accepts fluid from the outlet
line, and 3) an opening that delivers fluid to the pump;

at least one rotary slide valve having at least one rotary slide pass-through opening and supported in the rotary-slide housing
for rotation to enable at least partial coincidence of the housing pass-through openings with the rotary slide pass-through
opening; and

a thermostat valve adapted to open a flow path running parallel to the rotary slide from the outlet line directly to the pump,
when a temperature limit of the coolant in the inlet line is exceeded as detected by an expansion member of said thermostat
valve, said expansion member in communication with the coolant in the inlet line by extending into the inlet line.

US Pat. No. 9,397,534

DEVICE FOR DAMPING VIBRATIONS WITH AN ENERGY RECOVERY CAPABILITY, AND VEHICLE WITH SUCH A DEVICE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A device for damping vibrations with energy recovery, comprising:
an input shaft, having a longitudinal axis and being rotatable about the longitudinal axis in alternating rotational directions
by a component that vibrates relative to the device;

a freewheel device having an input side and an output side and being connected on the input side to the input shaft, said
freewheel device comprising a first freewheel and a second freewheel arranged on the output side, said first and second freewheels
each being rotationally fixed to the input shaft and configured to lock in opposite directions of rotation of the input shaft;
and

a generator, capable of converting the kinetic rotational energy into electric energy and transferring said electric energy
to an energy storage element, said second freewheel being connected on the output side to a reversing gear mechanism, said
reversing gear mechanism and said first freewheel being at least indirectly connected to the generator on the output side.

US Pat. No. 9,310,041

ILLUMINATION DEVICE FOR PRODUCING A LIGHT STRIP AND MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An illumination device for generating a light strip along a predetermined distance, comprising:
first and second light sources; and
first and second light conductors, wherein the first light source is arranged at a first light entry point of the first light
conductor and the second light source is arranged at a second light entry point of the second light conductor, said first
light conductor conducting light of the first light source from the first light entry point of the first light conductor to
a terminus of the first light conductor opposite the first light entry point along a first section of the predetermined distance,
said second light conductor conducting light of the second light source from the second light entry point of the second light
conductor to a terminus of the second light conductor opposite the second light entry point along a second section of the
distance, wherein the terminus of the first light conductor and the terminus of the second light conductor cross over along
a course of the predetermined distance, and wherein the first and the second section are each defined by an axis and are arranged
coaxial to each other.

US Pat. No. 9,562,972

METHOD FOR ASCERTAINING A DISTANCE OF AN OBJECT FROM A MOTOR VEHICLE USING A PMD SENSOR

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method to determine a distance of an object to a motor vehicle using a PMD sensor, comprising the steps of:
in a measurement cycle measuring a phase shift of a measurement signal reflected on the object for at least one modulation
frequency, wherein the modulation frequency is selected so that in a detection range beginning at the motor vehicle a distance
is determinable from the phase shift;

subsequent to the measuring of the phase shift, performing a runtime measurement for an individual signal reflected on the
object during a time interval beginning at a first time point at which the individual signal is emitted and ending at a second
time point corresponding to a time required by the individual signal to travel twice the detection range, wherein the second
time point defining the end of the time interval is determined by taking into account measurement inaccuracies and a predetermined
target detection range, the predetermined target detection range being a range in which an object is located, so that a distance
range is a range determined by calculation of standard deviations, lies outside the predetermined target detection range,
such that the predetermined target detection range is located within a detection range;

when the reflected individual signal is measured during the time interval, determining a distance from the phase shift; and
when the reflected individual signal is not measured during the time interval, discarding the phase shift without determining
a distance.

US Pat. No. 9,396,862

SECONDARY TRANSFORMER UNIT FOR MOUNTING ON A VEHICLE HAVING AN ELECTRIC DRIVE, AND VEHICLE HAVING AN ELECTRIC DRIVE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A secondary transformer unit for attachment to a vehicle having an electric drive, the secondary transformer unit comprising
at least one secondary core with a front side and a rear side delimiting the secondary core in a longitudinal direction of
the vehicle and a top side and a bottom side delimit the secondary core in a vertical direction of the vehicle;

at least one secondary coil arranged on the secondary core, said at least one secondary coil supplying an induced AC voltage
to high-voltage onboard electrical system of the vehicle; and

at least one outer skin made of a tear-resistant fabric which is closed on all sides and envelops exclusively the at least
one secondary core, without also enveloping the at least one secondary coil, so as to cover the front side, the rear side,
the top side, the bottom side, as well as a left side and a right side of the at least one secondary core, and which is configured
to retain inside the at least one outer skin fragments produced when the at least one secondary core breaks.

US Pat. No. 9,261,988

OPERATOR CONTROL APPARATUS IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An operator control apparatus for operator control of at least one function of a motor vehicle, the apparatus comprising:
a touch-sensitive input panel, mounted on a frame, comprising a transparent material;
a rotatable ring surrounding the touch-sensitive input panel;
a switching element arranged next to the touch-sensitive input panel; and
a base support comprising a material, and a surface selected from the group consisting of a wood surface, a metal surface,
and a leather surface,

wherein
the touch-sensitive input panel is arranged above and substantially parallel to the base support in a cantilever manner such
that, in at least one displacement position on the at least one rail, the touch-sensitive input panel appears to be floating
above the base support, and the material and the surface of the base support can selectively be perceived through the touch-sensitive
input panel,

the touch-sensitive input panel is mounted linearly displaceably on at least one rail,
the rotatable ring controls a first additional function of the motor vehicle, and
the switching element controls a second additional function of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,422,897

FUEL SYSTEM FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A fuel system for an internal combustion engine, having a low-pressure delivery unit which delivers fuel from a fuel tank
at least indirectly to at least one low-pressure injection valve and having a high-pressure delivery unit for the fuel which
has a drive region and a delivery region configured to deliver fuel at least indirectly to at least one high-pressure injection
valve, wherein the low-pressure delivery unit is configured to deliver fuel first to the drive region of the high-pressure
delivery unit and from there directly to the at least one low-pressure injection valve without passing through the low-pressure
delivery unit a second time, even if the high-pressure delivery unit itself does not deliver fuel to the at least one high-pressure
injection valve.

US Pat. No. 9,372,497

ROTARY ACTUATOR

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A rotary actuator comprising:
a rotatable first part, comprising an axially aligned peg having a frustoconical shape, and an axially oriented control surface
with projections forming an undulating or sawtooth profile, the first part being movable axially against a restoring force;
and

a fixed second part, comprising at least one detent element running on the control surface,
wherein the detent element is fixed in position and interacts with the control surface of the first part,
wherein the peg engages with circumferential play when fully engaged in a recess having a first wall surface and a second
wall surface and a shape complementary to the peg, and as the detent element runs up a projection, of the projections, of
the control surface as a result of a movement of the first part, the peg is partially disengaged from the recess in an axial
direction while partially resting against the first wall surface of the recess and, upon passing beyond the projection, the
peg snaps back due to the restoring force and strikes against the second wall surface.

US Pat. No. 9,252,418

BATTERY FOR A VEHICLE AND METHOD OF OPERATING SUCH A BATTERY

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A battery for a vehicle, comprising:
a plurality of battery cells forming a cell stack,
at least one cable connected to the cell stack, wherein electric energy can be drawn from the cell stack or supplied to the
cell stack via the at least one cable during operation of the battery,

at least one monitoring device constructed as an optocoupler having an optical transmitter connected in parallel with the
at least one junction for monitoring a resistance present on at least one detachable junction, at which the at least one cable
is coupled with an additional component of the battery, wherein the monitoring device is connected in a parallel branch in
parallel with the at least one junction, and

at least one resistance element connected upstream of the optical transmitter for setting a voltage value, wherein the optical
transmitter emits light when the voltage value is exceeded, causing a controller to reduce or interrupt supplying electrical
energy from or to the battery.

US Pat. No. 9,243,593

DEVICE FOR VENTILATING A FUEL TANK

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A device for ventilating and aerating a fuel tank of an internal combustion engine, comprising:
an activated carbon filter;
a tank shutoff valve arranged in a gas line between the fuel tank and the activated carbon filter; and
a control unit for controlling the at least one valve in dependence on at least one of a load factor of the activated carbon
filter and an operating cycle duration of the internal combustion engine, wherein at least one member selected from the group
consisting of an opening cross section of the tank shut-off valve and an opening duration of the tank shut-off valve is decreased
or an opening pressure of the tank shut-off valve is increased when the load factor of the activated carbon filter is high
and the tank shut-off valve is opened in response to an overpressure in the fuel tank.

US Pat. No. 9,391,336

MIXED-IONOMER ELECTRODE

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A membrane electrode assembly comprising:
a membrane;
an anode catalyst layer on a first side of the membrane; and
a cathode catalyst layer on a second side of the membrane, the first side opposite the second side of the membrane along a
first axis, the cathode catalyst layer comprising:

a plurality of agglomerates, each of the plurality of agglomerates comprising at least one catalyst support supporting catalyst
particles, and wherein each of at least some of the plurality of agglomerates comprise a plurality of catalyst supports supporting
catalyst particles;

an agglomerate ionomer surrounding and being in direct contact with each agglomerate; and
an inter-agglomerate ionomer provided in regions between the agglomerates and in contact with the agglomerate ionomer surrounding
the agglomerates such that the inter-agglomerate ionomer supports the agglomerate ionomer covered agglomerates in a dispersed
manner throughout the cathode catalyst layer, wherein the agglomerate ionomer is different than the inter-agglomerate ionomer.

US Pat. No. 9,393,877

METHOD FOR PERFORMING AT LEAST ONE COMPUTATION PROCESS IN A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for performing at least one computation process in a motor vehicle having an electric motor and an energy store
associated with the electric motor, the method comprising:
charging the energy store via a power supply line,
while the energy store is being charged, establishing a communication link via the power supply line between a computing device
of the motor vehicle and a computing device of at least one other motor vehicle whose energy store is also being charged,

connecting the computing devices of the motor vehicles via the communication link to form a distributed computer system and
distributing the at least one computation process among the computing devices of the motor vehicle and the at least one other
motor vehicle,

performing the at least one computation process with the distributed computer system, and
further comprising the steps of evaluating measurement data with the computing device of the motor vehicle with a first accuracy
during a trip of the motor vehicle, and subsequently post-processing the evaluated measurement data with the distributed computer
system with a second accuracy that is greater than the first accuracy as part of the at least one computation process.

US Pat. No. 9,381,934

STEERING SYSTEM

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An electric steering system, comprising:
a steering wheel;
a first housing;
a steering shaft arranged in the first housing and rotatably mounted to a motor vehicle; and
a first locking device configured to lock the steering shaft at conclusion of a rotation as limitation of a steering angle
input, said first locking device including a second housing connected in fixed rotative engagement with the first housing,
and a locking bar configured for engagement in the steering shaft and arranged in the second housing such as to impact the
first housing, when the second housing moves in relation to the first housing in the event of a crash, and to deform the first
housing.

US Pat. No. 9,528,566

HYDRAULICALLY DAMPING BUSH BEARING

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A hydraulically damping bush bearing, comprising:
an elongated inner part;
an outer bush;
an elastomeric damping member arranged between the outer bush and the inner part;
a pair of axial offset chambers defined in the bush bearing, the axial offset chambers being offset from one another in an
axial direction of the inner part and communicating with one another via at least one axial channel; and

a pair of radial chambers defined in the bush bearing, the radial chambers communicating via at least one radial channel,
the radial chambers being disposed between the pair of axial offset chambers and offset from each other in a circumferential
direction of the inner part;

a counter diaphragm;
wherein one of the pair of axial offset chambers has at least two separated first axial chambers spaced at a distance from
one another in the circumferential direction;

wherein the at least two separated first axial chambers are separated from one another by a partition formed on the elastomeric
damping member; and wherein the counter diaphragm delimits the first axial chambers and rests on the partition of the elastomeric
damping member in the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 9,202,375

NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating a navigation system for a motor vehicle having an offboard data memory, spatially separated from
the motor vehicle, having data packets for transmission to the motor vehicle via a communication connection having a bandwidth,
divided by region, of visual map information and a display arranged in the motor vehicle, comprising:
selecting at least one of (a) data packets provided for transmission to the motor vehicle or (b) a sequence of the data packets,
the selecting occurring as a function of at least one of (a) a resolution of the display, (b) at least one of (i) a chosen
or (ii) an available resolution of data, (c) a location of the motor vehicle, (d) an assumed route of the motor vehicle, or
(e) the bandwidth of the communication connection provided for the transmission;

transmitting the selected data packets to the motor vehicle;
transmitting, in response to user request for the bandwidth of the communication connection, expected values of the bandwidth
of the communication connection along the assumed route of the motor vehicle, wherein if the expected values of the bandwidth
are below a threshold value, the resolution of the display is reduced; and

representing visual map information of the data packets transmitted to the motor vehicle by the display.

US Pat. No. 9,115,745

SECURING NUT

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. Securing nut comprising a base member provided around its circumference with a key face contour, a threaded bolt receptacle
provided with an internal thread defining a thread pitch and passing through the base member in the direction of a central
axis as well as at least one clamping element provided on the base member, the clamping element being a collar arranged on
one side of the base member, the internal thread continuing in said collar, and wherein the collar extends around the threaded
bolt receptacle in a closed manner in circumferential direction with respect to the central axis, wherein a step is defined
along an outer periphery of the securing nut including a radially extending surface defined by the base member and an axially
extending surface defined by the collar, the radially extending surface and the axially extending surface joined at a corner,
wherein the radially extending surface is a continuous annular surface that spaces the collar from flats on the key face contour,
and wherein at the corner of the collar and the base member a non-circular interface is formed, and wherein the collar has
a varying wall thickness including a minimum wall thickness Wmin that is at the most double a penetration depth E of the thread
pitch and a maximum wall thickness Wmax that is at least double the penetration depth of the thread pitch wherein the collar
defines an external outermost surface and an internal surface on opposing sides of the collar, the internal surface providing
for said internal thread continuing in said collar, and wherein at the minimum wall thickness Wmin, the collar defines a largest
outer radius from the central axis along the external outermost surface and a largest inner radius RI from the central axis along the internal surface.

US Pat. No. 10,247,154

FUEL PUMP

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A fuel pump for conveying fuel, comprising a conveying unit including a cylinder, a plunger received in the cylinder, a pump spring received in the cylinder, an inner sleeve connected to the plunger, an outer sleeve in contact with the pump spring and in contact with a roller of a cam mechanism, and a locking bolt configured to detachably connect the inner and outer sleeves, wherein the locking bolt is biased by a locking spring located above the locking bolt, wherein the plunger moves in the cylinder at a delivery stroke, a level of which is variable by the cam mechanism.

US Pat. No. 9,484,582

FUEL CELL CATALYST TREATMENT

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method of preparing a catalyst for a fuel cell component, comprising the steps of:
soaking catalyst particles comprising Pt0 in citric acid; and

rinsing the catalyst particles after the soaking.

US Pat. No. 9,434,416

SUBFRAME FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A subframe for a motor vehicle, comprising:
at least one transverse structure oriented in a transverse direction of the vehicle;
a first and a second longitudinal member oriented in a longitudinal direction of the vehicle and connected to the at least
one transverse structure by respective first and second cast joints respectively arranged between the first longitudinal member
and the at least one transverse structure and the second longitudinal member and the at least one transverse structure, said
first and second cast joints each having bearing connection points for fastening an engine bearing; and

separate connection parts, one of said connection parts provided for each of the first and second cast joints, said connection
parts each having at least one other bearing connection point for fastening the engine bearing, and multiple bearing sites
via which the connection parts are fastenable on the at least one transverse structure and on the bearing connection points
of the first and second cast joints, said connection parts being spaced apart in vertical direction from the at least one
transverse structure so that a passage is formed between the at least one transverse structure and each of the connection
parts.

US Pat. No. 9,308,885

PEDESTRIAN PROTECTION DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A pedestrian protection device for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a front flap;
at least one coupling device connecting the front flap with a body of the motor vehicle;
at least one actuating device comprising an actuator and constructed to move the front flap into a protective position via
the actuator and to and fix the front flap in the protective position, said protective position being elevated relative to
the motor vehicle,

a coupling joint, comprising a joint socket unit and a joint head and received in the joint socket unit, said joint socket
unit comprising a joint socket and a securing element which is associated with the joint socket, wherein the at least one
actuator is connected with the at least one coupling device and the front flap via the coupling joint, said joint head having
a joint head end region which visibly interacts with a recess in the joint socket unit and connects said joint head with the
joint socket unit, said coupling joint in a region opposite to said joint head has a radially circumferential groove via which
the coupling joint is connected with the coupling device and/or with the front flap.

US Pat. No. 9,248,743

MOTOR VEHICLE WITH A CONTROL DEVICE FOR AN EXTRAVEHICULAR COMPUTER SYSTEM

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A motor vehicle comprising:
a communication device to interchange data with an extravehicular computer system for office applications;
an operator input device having a first operating mode for operator control of at least one motor vehicle component by transmitting
control signals to the at least one motor vehicle component, and having a second operating mode for operator control of the
computer system by transmitting control signals to the computer system instead of to the at least one motor vehicle component;
and

a control device to change over an operating state of the computer system based on an operator control action by a user on
the operator input device, the computer system being changed between an active state, in which the computer system executes
at least one piece of office application software, and a passive state, in which the computer system is deactivated, the control
device changing the operating state of the computer system by transmitting a wake-up signal and/or a switch-off signal to
the computer system via the communication device, the operator input device operating in the first and second operating modes
respectively in the passive and active states of the computer system.

US Pat. No. 9,187,006

VEHICLE POSITIONING FOR WIRELESS CHARGING SYSTEMS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A vehicle charging system comprising
a charger induction coil,
a passenger vehicle including a rechargeable battery and a vehicle induction coil coupled to the rechargeable battery, the
vehicle induction coil configured to wirelessly receive power from the charger induction coil and to transmit power from the
charger induction coil to the rechargeable battery, and

a positioning system including at least one beacon, a camera configured to detect the at least one beacon, and a control system
in communication with the camera to receive information associated with the at least one beacon, the control system being
configured to determine a position of the vehicle induction coil relative to the charger induction coil based on information
from the camera and to communicate to a driver an in-position message when the vehicle induction coil is in a predefined position
that allows receipt of power from the charger induction coil or an out-of-position message when the vehicle induction coil
is not in a predefined position that allows receipt of power from the charger induction coil so that the driver can adjust
the position of the passenger vehicle along with the vehicle induction coil to establish charging of the rechargeable battery,

wherein the at least one beacon includes at least three light-emitting beacons arranged in two spaced apart vertical planes,
wherein each light-emitting beacon emits infrared light and the camera is configured to detect infrared light.

US Pat. No. 9,607,454

SYSTEM FOR DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN TRAFFIC JAM AND PARKED VEHICLES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An identification system for use in a primary vehicle to identify a status of a group of secondary vehicles, the system
comprising:
a secondary vehicle data collector for obtaining data regarding emissions from a secondary vehicle of the group of secondary
vehicles;

a secondary vehicle feature detection module for detecting active-status indicators;
a secondary vehicle status analyzer for analyzing characteristics of detected active-status indicators;
means for determining a probability that the group of secondary vehicles are part of a traffic jam based on the active-status
indicators and determining whether the group of secondary vehicles are in a traffic jam or parked based on a comparison of
the determined probability and a predetermined threshold probability level; and

means for prompting a user of the primary vehicle to activate an autonomous driving function in response to a determination
that the secondary vehicles are part of a traffic jam and the primary vehicle is travelling below a speed threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,341,493

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING A USER INTERFACE, PARTICULARLY IN A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for providing a user interface in a vehicle in which a structured volume of data is stored which relates to the
scope of functions of at least one function the method comprising:
predetermining at least two hierarchically related subsets of the structured volume of data, wherein a hierarchically higher
subset of the structured volume of data comprises a hierarchically lower subset of the structured volume of data entirely;

predetermining at least two hierarchically related modes of operation, which each produce and at least partially display a
user menu with controllable graphic objects based on a predetermined subset of the structured volume of data, wherein a hierarchically
higher mode of operation is based on the hierarchically higher subset of the structured volume of data;

capturing a control command; and
selecting a mode of operation based on the captured control command,
wherein the subsets of the structured volume of data are predetermined such that further menu items from the same menu level
are produced and displayed in the hierarchically higher mode of operation in comparison with a hierarchically lower mode of
operation;

wherein, when the user interface is switched on via the ignition, the control command is produced automatically in response
thereto and, independent of user input, a most recently used mode of operation is selected.

US Pat. No. 9,283,963

METHOD FOR OPERATING A DRIVER ASSIST SYSTEM OF AN AUTOMOBILE PROVIDING A RECOMMENDATION RELATING TO A PASSING MANEUVER, AND AN AUTOMOBILE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

20. An automobile driving in a lane, comprising
a driver assist system,
a camera associated with the driver assist system and arranged on or in at least one outside mirror and oriented in the driving
direction of the automobile,

wherein the driver assist system is configured to
evaluate data from the camera,
determine from the camera data a length of another automobile in front of the automobile or a length of an automobile convoy
in front of the automobile, said other automobile or automobile convoy driving in the same lane as the automobile, based on
known design parameters of the camera and based on edge points of a front end and a rear end of the other automobile or automobile
convoy in front, and

provide a recommendation relating to a passing maneuver by taking into consideration the determined length before initiating
the passing maneuver.

US Pat. No. 9,193,265

OPERATOR CONTROL ELEMENT

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A control element system for a vehicle, comprising:
a panel of the vehicle;
a control element having an exterior region facing an operator and an interior region disposed in the panel of the vehicle,
the control element being mounted so as to be pivotable about an axis of rotation, the control element having a plurality
of control fields in the form of press buttons or touch-sensitive surfaces which are provided on a first side of the control
element, wherein each of the control fields of the control element, when operated, causes the control element to pivot as
a whole; and

an actuator associated with the control element to produce movement of the control element, the actuator being triggered by
operation of the control fields of the control element,

wherein
the first side of the control element is disposed in the exterior region of the control element, and a second side of the
control element is disposed in the exterior region and opposes the first side of the control element, and

the first and second sides run in respective planes that are substantially parallel to the axis of rotation.

US Pat. No. 9,121,500

DEVICE FOR OPERATING A PARKING LOCK OF A MOTOR VEHICLE AND CORRESPONDING METHOD

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A device for operating a parking lock of a motor vehicle, comprising:
an actuatable actuator device for disengaging the parking lock against a restoring pressure and an actuatable holding device
for holding the parking lock in the disengaged state;

a selector-lever control device; and
a transmission control device in communication with the selector-lever control device, said selector-lever control device
actuating the holding device, said transmission control device actuating the actuator device.

US Pat. No. 9,394,956

BRAKE DISC FOR A DISC BRAKE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A brake disc for a disc brake of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a pot-shaped carrier part;
a friction ring, and
multiple connecting elements distributed in circumferential direction of the disc brake and having a longitudinal extent extending
in radial direction, and configured as separate components, said carrier part and said friction ring being fixedly interconnected
in radial direction via the multiple connecting elements, wherein the connecting elements are form fittingly connected with
the carrier part and with the friction ring so as to prevent movement of the pot-shaped carrier part and the friction ring
relative to each other in the radial direction, wherein the connecting elements have end regions which respectively face the
friction ring and the carrier part, wherein an annular recess or a circumferential protrusion is provided on either said end
regions, and wherein the end regions are form fittingly connected with the carrier part and the friction ring by material
of the carrier part and friction ring cast into the annular recess or about the circumferential protrusion.

US Pat. No. 9,308,843

ADJUSTMENT APPARATUS FOR A SWINGABLE COMFORT ELEMENT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An adjustment apparatus in combination with a comfort element of a vehicle for swinging the comfort element in relation
to a load-bearing structure about a pivot axis from a normal position to a pivoted position, said adjustment apparatus comprising:
a locking device having a centrifugal force pendulum, supported on the comfort element;
a spring element; and
a locking pin movably supported on the comfort element and movable in opposition to a spring force of the spring element along
an axis parallel to the pivot axis from a locked position to a released position, said locking pin interacting with the comfort
element in such a way that a pivoting of the comfort element from the normal position causes the locking pin to disengage
from the locked position, wherein the locking pin has an outer surface area provided with a radial circumferential flange,
and wherein the centrifugal force pendulum has an engagement member which bears upon the flange of the locking pin for locking
the locking pin by preventing an axial displacement of the locking pin.

US Pat. No. 9,600,140

INPUT DEVICE AND INTERFACES FOR MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:
an input device adapted to input at least one of (a) a search criterion and (b) a search term;
a first interface adapted to exchange data with a first offboard data memory containing streaming media to be broadcast at
various future times;

a second interface adapted to exchange data with a second offboard data memory containing non-broadcast media;
a computing device adapted to automatically search for information corresponding to the at least one of:
(a) the search criterion; and
(b) the search term;
in the first offboard data memory and in the second offboard data memory; and
a media playback device for playing an individual media item selected from a list of media items included in information found
with the aid of the computing device;

wherein when the individual media item is an item of the streaming media, the computing device automatically switches to the
item of the streaming media at a corresponding broadcast time, causing the media playback device to play the item of the streaming
media.

US Pat. No. 9,589,392

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING A USER INTERFACE IN A VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for providing a user interface in a vehicle, comprising:
capturing at the vehicle operating parameters that are relevant to the operation of the vehicle;
permanently arranging in the vehicle a display and operator control device readable from the seat position of a driver and
used to display information about captured operating parameters;

setting up a wireless data link between the vehicle and a mobile reproduction appliance that is detachably connected in the
vehicle or that is freely held by a user in the vehicle;

transmitting data for producing a display content from the vehicle to the reproduction appliance via the wireless data link;
using the transmitted data as a basis for producing a display content on the reproduction appliance, the display content comprising
information about captured operating parameters that is displayed on the display and operator control device; and

selecting a subregion of the display content on the reproduction appliance and altering the display on the reproduction appliance
by highlighting or enlarging the selected subregion of the display content on the reproduction appliance;

wherein an operator control element is reproduced on the reproduction appliance and is used to control a vehicle function,
wherein the operator control of an operator control element that is reproduced on the reproduction appliance transmits an
announcement to the driver of the vehicle, the announcement comprising a notification that a vehicle occupant has preselected
a function that requires driver confirmation prior to execution.

US Pat. No. 9,441,562

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND CORRESPONDING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine having an exhaust gas purifying device, comprising:
determining an oxygen filling state of an oxygen storage of a catalytic converter of the exhaust gas purifying device by way
of a first lambda signal provided by a first lambda probe and an offset value, said first lambda probe being constructed as
a broadband lambda probe and arranged upstream of the catalytic converter in an exhaust gas stream conductible through the
catalytic converter;

when a second lambda signal provided by a second lambda probe arranged in the exhaust gas stream downstream of the catalytic
converter falls below a lower lambda signal threshold, setting the oxygen filling state to a first value corresponding to
an empty oxygen storage and/or

when the second lambda signal exceeds a upper lambda signal threshold setting the oxygen filling state to a second value corresponding
to a full oxygen storage, said second lambda probe being constructed as a binary lambda probe;

immediately after setting the oxygen filling state to the first value or the second value regulating the oxygen filling state
during at least one regulation time period to a target filling state; and

after expiration of the regulation time period adjusting the offset value by way of the second lambda signal.

US Pat. No. 9,353,826

DAMPER BEARING FOR SUPPORTING A CHASSIS COMPONENT ON A MOTOR VEHICLE BODY

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A damper bearing for supporting a chassis component on a motor vehicle body, comprising:
a first bearing element configured for attachment to the motor vehicle body;
a second bearing element configured for attachment to the chassis component;
a damping element made of a shock-absorbing material and acting between the first and second bearing elements;
a coupling element arranged between the first and second bearing elements;
at least one controllable active spring element arranged on the coupling element and effective in series with the damping
element, said second bearing element interacting with the spring element via the coupling element; and a bump stop arranged
between the second bearing element and the coupling element.

US Pat. No. 9,246,671

MOTOR VEHICLE WITH ENCRYPTED BUS DATA

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for operating a motor vehicle, comprising:
obtaining measured values from a sensor that relate to an operating state of a component of the motor vehicle;
encrypting the measured values from the sensor to produce encrypted data, the measured values from the sensor being encrypted
together with at least one piece of information selected from a timer signal and a random number, in a manner bundled to form
a data packet;

interchanging the encrypted data between the sensor and a controller via a bus; and
receiving a piece of information that is necessary for decrypting the encrypted data, the piece of information being received
from a user of the motor vehicle via a portable apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,070,937

FUEL CELL SYSTEMS AND RELATED ARRANGEMENTS FOR LIMITING RELATIVE MOTION BETWEEN FUEL CELLS

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:
a stacked plurality of adjacent fuel cells collectively forming a fuel cell stack, said fuel cells each including a pair of
first and second plates at respective opposite ends thereof and an electrolyte therebetween, a first said fuel cell having
a first said plate in engagement with a second said plate of a second fuel cell adjacent to said first fuel cell at respective
engagement surfaces thereof and including an interfacial seal in mutual engagement with said first plate of said first fuel
cell and said second plate of said second fuel cell; and

a slip mitigation arrangement between at least one pair of said first and said second fuel cells comprising:
a first seat recessed in said engagement surface of said first plate, a second seat recessed in said engagement surface of
said second plate, and a key member having opposite ends seated in said first and said second recessed seats such that relative
movement between said first and said second fuel cells is reduced, and the key member having an unexpanded cross-sectional
geometry smaller than cross-sectional geometry of said first and said second seats and an uncompressed length greater than
a combined depth of said first and said second seats; and

wherein the first and second plates at opposite ends of a fuel cell are formed of a material having a first relative hardness,
the key member is formed of a material having a second relative hardness equal to or less than said first relative hardness,
and said interfacial seal is formed of a material having a third relative hardness less than both said first and said second
relative hardnesses.

US Pat. No. 9,903,438

HYDRAULICALLY DAMPING BUSH BEARING

BOGE ELASTMETALL GMBH, D...

1. A hydraulically damping bush bearing, comprising:
an elongated inner part;
an outer bush;
an elastomeric damping member arranged between the outer bush and the inner part;
a pair of axial offset chambers defined in the bush bearing, the axial offset chambers being offset from one another in an
axial direction of the inner part and communicating with one another via at least one axial channel;

a pair of radial chambers defined in the bush bearing, the radial chambers communicating via at least one radial channel,
the radial chambers being disposed between the pair of axial offset chambers and offset from each other in a circumferential
direction of the inner part;

at least one fluid-free damping chamber disposed between the pair of axial offset chambers;
an intermediate diaphragm element positioned on the elastomeric damping member; and
wherein the at least one fluid-free damping chamber is delimited in part by the elastomeric damping member and in part by
walls of the intermediate diaphragm element.

US Pat. No. 9,442,359

DYNAMIC VEHICLE DISPLAY UNIT

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A passenger vehicle comprising
screen generator for moving media particles generally along a viewing plane to create a vapor screen made up of media particles,
and

a projector that projects light onto the screen to create an image on the vapor screen, the projector arranged to project
light generally along a path that is not parallel to a passenger line of sight so that light passing through the vapor screen
is not directed into the eyes of a passenger seated in the vehicle,

a sensor coupled to a controller and configured to detect stability of the vapor screen, and
further comprising an HVAC system coupled to the controller and configured to provide heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning
inside the passenger vehicle, wherein the controller is configured to adjust the operation of the HVAC system in response
to receiving stability information relating to the vapor screen,

wherein the screen generator includes a blower configured to accelerate the media particles making up the screen along the
viewing plane,

wherein the screen generator includes a nozzle configured to atomize a liquid into liquid media particles, and
wherein the screen generator includes a vacuum spaced apart from the blower and configured to pull and receive the media particles
making up the screen along the viewing plane.

US Pat. No. 9,443,153

AUTOMATIC LABELING AND LEARNING OF DRIVER YIELD INTENTION

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system installed in a determination vehicle for determining yielding behaviors of other vehicles comprising:
an input sensor for receiving a signal indicating the start of a driving maneuver and a second signal indicating the end of
a driving maneuver;

a vehicle data recording module that saves recorded vehicle sensor data in response to input signals indicating the start
and stop of the driving maneuver creating recorded data,

a vehicle perception annotation module configured to automatically detect and label features in the recorded data of the vehicle
including features of the determination vehicle, features of other vehicles surrounding the determination vehicle; and features
of the road, and

means for automatically determining that a detected vehicle is yielding to the piloted vehicle based on the features of the
determination vehicle, other detected vehicles, and the road, and in response to the determination, and automatically labeling
the detected vehicle as yielding or not yielding in the recorded data.

US Pat. No. 9,388,783

FASTENING ARRANGEMENT OF A FUEL SUPPLY DEVICE ON AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A fastening arrangement, comprising
an internal combustion engine,
a fuel supply device,
at least one fuel distribution element extending in a longitudinal direction and having at least two connection openings for
connecting a respective fuel injection device,

a receiving element comprising a seat receiving at least a portion of the at least one fuel distribution element and completely
surrounding at least an outer peripheral area of the at least one fuel distribution element, and

at least one connecting element configured to be fastened to the at least one fuel distribution element by way of the receiving
element and extending downwardly from the receiving element,

wherein the at least one connecting element has at least one supporting surface provided at its downward end which is opposite
from the receiving element and supporting a fastening element for fastening the at least one connecting element on the internal
combustion engine,

wherein a location of the fuel distribution element disposed in an elongation of the at least one connecting element in an
extension direction thereof is located on a straight line connecting the at least two connection openings, wherein the at
least one connecting element extends downwardly from the receiving element in a longitudinal direction enclosing an acute
angle with a surface normal of the supporting surface so that the supporting surface with respect to the receiving part is
arranged partially with overlap and also partially without overlap in a horizontal direction to make a head of the fastening
element accessible for installation.

US Pat. No. 9,358,852

WHEEL SUSPENSION FOR MOTOR VEHICLES

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A wheel suspension for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a wheel carrier comprising a wheel flange;
a first lower separate suspension link and a second lower separate suspension link (12, 14) per wheel carrier arranged at a defined angle to each other and articulated to the body of the motor vehicle and also to
a wheel carrier (16),

wherein the first lower suspension link comprises a forward lower transverse arm having a first end and a second end, the
forward lower transverse arm first end pivotally connected to the wheel carrier at a first pivot point of the wheel carrier
and located on or in proximity to a center vertical axis of said wheel flange and the wheel carrier,

the forward lower transverse arm second end pivotally connectable to the body of the vehicle, the forward lower arm having
a longitudinal centerline positioned essentially in a transverse direction of the motor vehicle relative to a transverse axis
of the vehicle extending through the wheel flange;

wherein the second lower suspension link comprises a rear lower transverse arm having a rear lower arm first end and a rear
lower transverse arm second end, the rear lower transverse arm first end pivotally connected to the wheel carrier at a second
pivot point of the wheel carrier, the rear lower transverse arm second end pivotally connectable to the body, the rear lower
transverse arm having a longitudinal centerline set at a rearward angle relative to the centerline of the forward lower arm;

the wheel carrier having opposed first and second sides, the wheel flange on the first side, the first and second pivot points
on the second side; and

a McPherson strut pivotally connected by a rubber metal sleeve joint to the forward lower transverse arm adjacent to the wheel
carrier and connectable to the body, the McPherson strut being aligned with the center vertical axis of the wheel flange and
the wheel carrier,

wherein the McPherson strut is disposed relative to the forward lower transverse arm and the centerlines of the lower transverse
arms are skewed relative to each other to be slightly out of a horizontal plane, and a plane that contains both lower transverse
arm centerlines is disposed at or nearly perpendicular to a longitudinal centerline of the strut viewed in the transverse
direction of the vehicle,

wherein the front suspension link is arranged such that while the suspension is mounted on the vehicle and the wheel carrier
deflects and/or is steered, a center point of the pivotal connection of the McPherson strut on the forward lower transverse
arm viewed in a transverse direction of the vehicle is displaced along a line of travel disposed adjacent to the longitudinal
centerline of the McPherson strut approximately parallel to the longitudinal centerline axis of the McPherson strut.

US Pat. No. 9,193,239

PNEUMATIC SPRING DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A pneumatic spring device for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a pneumatic spring including a rolling piston, a pneumatic spring cover axially movable in relation to the rolling piston,
and an elastomer bellows arranged between the rolling piston and the pneumatic spring cover and forming a rolling bellows
configured to have a trapped compressible air volume, said rolling bellows being configured as transverse bellows;

a cover clamp connecting one end of the rolling bellows to the pneumatic spring cover;
a piston clamp connecting another end of the rolling bellows to an end of the rolling piston in facing relationship to the
pneumatic spring cover;

at least one additional spring element connected in series to the pneumatic spring; and
a radial bearing arranged so that the rolling piston is axially movable and rotatable about a bearing axis in the radial bearing
and configured to support the rolling piston during its axial movement and its rotation about the bearing axis in the radial
bearing and to provide a torsion compensation of the traverse rolling bellows when the additional spring element is compressed
and its length is shortened.

US Pat. No. 9,193,381

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR AFFECTING CORNERING PERFORMANCE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for affecting a cornering performance of a motor vehicle, the method comprising the steps of:
a) determining a transverse acceleration of the motor vehicle based on a signal received from at least one sensor installed
on the motor vehicle;

b) defining a desired transverse tilt of the motor vehicle as a function of the transverse acceleration determined at step
a);

c) adjusting with an Active Body Control (ABC) device at least one actuator of an active suspension system of the motor vehicle,
so that the motor vehicle assumes the desired transverse tilt determined at step b); and

d) adjusting with the Active Body Control (ABC) device at least one additional actuator, which intervenes in a steering system
of the motor vehicle, by superimposing on a first steering angle used for steering the motor vehicle a superimposed steering
angle to produce a combined steering angle so that a radius of curvature of a trajectory of the motor vehicle, when steered
with the combined steering angle, corresponds substantially to the radius of curvature of the trajectory of the motor vehicle
that would have resulted when the motor vehicle was steered with the first steering angle, thereby at least partially compensating
a yaw movement of the motor vehicle caused by the adjustment of the at least one actuator of the active suspension system,

wherein a suitable superimposed steering angle is predefined for all possible actively adjustable values of the desired transverse
tilt,

wherein at step a) a future transverse acceleration of the motor vehicle is determined by a device for automatic roadway preview,
and

wherein at step b) the desired transverse tilt of the motor vehicle is determined by the device for automatic roadway preview.

US Pat. No. 9,182,825

INPUT DEVICE COMPRISING A TOUCH-SENSITIVE INPUT SURFACE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An input device comprising:
a carriage which can be at least slightly rotated about an axis of rotation;
a touch sensitive input surface mounted on the carriage to be movable along an axis of movement with respect to the carriage,
the axis of movement being perpendicular to the axis of rotation, the input surface having a plurality of capacitive sensors
to detect a position of an object touching the input surface and to produce sensor data;

an interface to transfer the sensor data;
a force sensor or pressure sensor to detect a force or a pressure acting perpendicularly on the input surface, the force sensor
or pressure sensor being disposed on the carriage; and

a device to produce haptically detectable feedback, the device comprising an electromechanical actuator to move the input
surface along the axis of movement, the haptically detectable feedback being produced when the object touches the input surface
and the force or pressure applied via the object exceeds or falls below a defined threshold for the force sensor or pressure
sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,873,429

TURNED-WHEEL DETECTION FOR YIELDING DURING LOW-SPEED LANE CHANGES

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An automotive vehicle for operation on roadways, the automotive vehicle comprising:
a vehicle base including a chassis and a drive train coupled to the chassis to propel the chassis along the roadways, and
a vehicle control system for controlling operation of the vehicle on the roadways, the vehicle control system being mounted
to the vehicle base and in communication with the drive train and including wheel-turn detection means for detecting a wheel
angle of another vehicle to trigger the vehicle control system to perform an operation based on the detected wheel angle of
the another vehicle, wherein the operation of the vehicle control system comprises issuing an alert to a driver of the vehicle
and/or controlling operation of the vehicle to yield in response to determination that the another vehicle intends to change
lanes.

US Pat. No. 9,387,871

STEERING HANDLE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE COMPRISING SUCH STEERING HANDLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A steering handle, which when mounted to a motor vehicle and actuated by a user, causes a directional change of the motor
vehicle, the steering handle comprising:
a ball element supported by a fastening element of the steering handle, the ball element serving as an operating element which
can be pivoted by the user about at least one pivot axis relative to the fastening element, wherein

the steering handle and the ball element have opposing front and rear sides, the front side facing the user, the rear side
facing away from the user and away from the front side,

the ball element is accessible to the user from the front side of the steering handle and the front side of the ball element,
and

the ball element is also accessible to the user from the rear side of the steering handle and the rear side of the ball element,
wherein
the entire ball element is recessed below the front side of the steering handle and below the rear side of the steering handle
such that the ball element is accessible through an opening in the front side of the steering handle and is accessible through
another opening in the rear side of the steering handle.

US Pat. No. 9,325,135

DEVICE FOR CONNECTING AN ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR TO AN ELECTRICAL CONTACT PART

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A device for connecting an electrical conductor to an electrical contact part, comprising:
a bending die having a recess, said recess having a bending side arranged opposite a topside of the bending die, said bending
side having adjacent arches curved toward the topside, said bending die having an opening extending between the topside and
the bending side;

a plunger having a support surface supporting the electrical contact part, said plunger being receivable in the recess so
as to engage legs of the electrical contact part with the bending side of the bending die, wherein engagement of the bending
side with the legs of the contact part effects a bending of the legs toward a center of the contact part, thereby causing
legs to force fitting engagement of the legs with a conductor situated between the legs; and

a laser welding device arranged relative to the bending die so that a laser beam emitted by the laser welding device is directable
through the opening into the recess and onto the contact part so as to effect material connection of at least the legs of
the contact part.

US Pat. No. 9,312,548

FUEL CELL PLATE BONDING METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method, comprising:
securing a bond film to a first fuel cell component, the securing including:
forming an injection molding material on a first side of a first fuel cell plate;
positioning the bond film adjacent to a second side of the first fuel cell plate; and
sealing an interface between the fuel cell plate and the first fuel cell component with the injection molded material using
thermal energy;

melting the bond film with the thermal energy from the sealing.

US Pat. No. 9,284,757

EMERGENCY RELEASE DEVICE FOR A VEHICLE TRUNK

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An emergency release device for a trunk of a vehicle, comprising:
a locking device;
an arrestor device limiting an opening movement of the trunk, said arrestor device including an arrestor hook for reversing
said limiting;

an emergency actuation device arranged in the trunk and being operatively connected to the arrestor device and the locking
device, said emergency actuation device when actuated successively opening the locking device and releasing the arrestor device;

an actuation device; and
a coupling module including a coupling housing, and first and second coupling elements shiftably supported in the coupling
housing, said first coupling element operatively coupling the emergency actuation device to the arrestor device, said second
coupling element operatively coupling the actuation device to the locking device, wherein during a first stroke of the first
coupling element caused by an actuation of the emergency actuation device, the first and second coupling elements are releasably
coupled to each other, wherein the first stroke causes the second coupling element to open the locking device, and is an idle
stroke in relation to the arrestor device, and wherein in response to a second stroke of the first coupling element, caused
by the actuation of the emergency actuation device and extending past the first stroke, the first and second coupling elements
are decoupled from each other so that the first coupling element is moved by the emergency actuation device independent of
the second coupling element, and the first coupling element releases the arrestor device.

US Pat. No. 9,228,456

VALVE DRIVE OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A valve train of an internal combustion engine, comprising:
at least one main camshaft;
at least one cam carrier provided on the at least one main camshaft in rotative fixed relationship with the camshaft and axially
displaceable between at least two axial positions;

at least one valve-actuating cam for actuating a gas exchange valve of the internal combustion engine at least one valve-actuating
cam being assigned to the cam carrier, said valve-actuating cam being rotataby supported and an angular position of the valve-actuating
cam relative to the cam carrier is adjustable by means of an actuating device.

US Pat. No. 9,139,227

AXLE SUPPORT FOR A VEHICLE, IN PARTICULAR FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SUCH AN AXLE SUPPORT

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An axle support for a vehicle, comprising:
two longitudinal members;
at least one cross member connecting the two longitudinal members to one another, said at least one cross member or at least
one of a plurality of cross members being configured as multi-part tailored blank component having lateral cross member attachment
zones, which oppose one another in a cross member length direction for firm securement to the longitudinal members by a weld
joint and are each formed by an uncoated single part or multi-part sheet metal component, and a cross member midsection, which
adjoins the lateral cross member attachment zones and is formed by a single part or multi-part sheet metal component; and

a surface coating applied on at least one area of at least one roadway-facing underside of the cross member midsection to
provide a protective layer.

US Pat. No. 9,120,506

SUBFRAME FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A subframe of a front or rear part of a motor vehicle, comprising:
two longitudinal members arranged in spaced-apart relationship in a vehicle transverse direction;
a cross member connecting the longitudinal members with one another;
a reinforcement connected to the longitudinal members and the cross member for increasing a torsion resistance of the subframe;
and

a charge module configured to transmit energy in a contactless manner, said charge module being placed in a free space of
the reinforcement and having a marginal area configured for connection to the reinforcement,

wherein the charge module includes a coil unit and a shielding plate placed in relation to the coil unit such as to separate
the coil unit from a surrounding ferro-magnetic component.

US Pat. No. 9,399,429

PREDICTIVE COCKPIT LIGHTING AND PERFORMANCE MODE VIA TOUCH

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system for controlling electrical systems of a vehicle, comprising:
a sensor that detects a presence or an absence of a left hand of a driver on a steering wheel of the vehicle;
a sensor that detects a presence or an absence of a right hand of the driver on the steering wheel of the vehicle;
a controller that predicts one or more interactive control elements with which the driver will interact based on either a
detected absence of the driver left hand on the steering wheel or a detected absence of the driver right hand on the steering
wheel,

the controller selects, based on the prediction, the predicted one or more interactive control elements and
increases a brightness of lighting elements associated with the selected one or more interactive control elements.

US Pat. No. 9,381,954

BODY SUPPORTING STRUCTURE FOR A VEHICLE BODY

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A body supporting structure for a vehicle body, comprising:
a passenger compartment section, a front-structure section and a rear-structure section,
at least one structural supporting member constructed as a three-dimensional flat structure formed of flat elements and extending
in three orthogonal vehicle directions, a longitudinal vehicle direction, a transverse vehicle direction and a vertical vehicle
direction, wherein the flat elements extending in different orthogonal vehicle directions are interconnected by smooth transitions
and are formed with cross-sectional areas structured in dependence of applied loads such that the flat elements with low applied
loads or non-loadbearing areas are designed with openings, and

a floor assembly comprising a common trough-shaped subfloor for the passenger compartment section, wherein the front-structure
section comprises a trough bottom and trough side members that are connected with the trough bottom as a single piece, wherein
the trough bottom is recessed in the region of the front-structure section symmetrically relative to the region of the passenger
compartment section with a smaller width in the transverse vehicle direction, and wherein the trough side members encircle
an entire horizontal contour of the trough bottom and extend substantially in the vertical vehicle direction.

US Pat. No. 9,328,653

INTERCOOLER

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An intercooler for a motor vehicle, the intercooler comprising:
a housing;
a first heat exchanger;
a second heat exchanger; and
a valve,
wherein the housing comprises
a first inlet,
a second inlet, separate from the first inlet, and
an outlet,
wherein the first inlet is communicable with a first supercharger,
wherein the second inlet is communicable with a second supercharger, and
wherein the outlet is communicable with an air intake of an engine;
wherein the first heat exchanger is disposed in said housing,
wherein the first heat exchanger comprises a first fluid passageway in fluid communication with said first inlet and with
said outlet,

wherein the second heat exchanger is disposed in said housing,
wherein the second heat exchanger comprises a second fluid passageway in fluid communication with said second inlet and with
the outlet,

wherein the valve is disposed in said second passageway,
wherein the valve is displaceable between open and closed positions.

US Pat. No. 9,087,417

WINDOW DEVICE WITH LIGHTING FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A window device for a motor vehicle comprising:
a transparent first pane including a first structure for coupling out light;
a transparent second pane connected in parallel with the first pane said second pane having a second structure for coupling
out light; and

a lighting device for coupling a first light into the first pane, wherein a second light can be coupled into the second pane
independent of the first light.

US Pat. No. 9,073,434

METHOD FOR OPERATING A FORWARD-GUIDING DRIVER ASSIST SYSTEM IN A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method of operating a forward-guiding driver assist system in a motor vehicle having a clutch pedal as a driver-operated
actuator for manually operating a clutch and an additional clutch actuator, comprising the steps of:
performing with a controller of the driver assist system at least one driving intervention for controlling a speed of the
motor vehicle, wherein the at least one driving intervention comprises

determining a desired clutch slip commensurate with a target deceleration of the motor vehicle which is situated between a
drag torque deceleration of the engine, with the clutch engaged, and a coasting mode deceleration provided in coasting mode
with the clutch disengaged, in absence of control of an additional brake system of the motor vehicle;

controlling with the controller the additional clutch actuator for automatically partially disengaging or engaging the clutch
commensurate with the determined desired clutch slip; and

controlling with the controller the speed of the motor vehicle based on the determined desired clutch slip and on the automatically
partially disengaging or engaging of the clutch commensurate with the desired clutch slip.

US Pat. No. 9,065,141

BORON-DOPED DIAMOND COATED CATALYST SUPPORT

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A polymer electrolyte fuel cell, comprising:
a catalyst layer having a catalyst support that comprises:
a high surface area refractory material core structure having an outer surface, wherein the high surface area refractory material
core structure contains at least one compound selected from the group consisting of metal oxides, metal phosphates, metal
borides, metal nitrides, metal silicides, metal carbides and combinations thereof; and

boron-doped diamond (BDD) modifying the high surface area refractory material core structure, wherein the BDD forms a layer
that covers a majority of the outer surface of the core structure.

US Pat. No. 9,822,839

HYDRAULICALLY DAMPING RUBBER BEARING

BOGE ELASTMETALL GMBH, D...

1. A hydraulically damping rubber bearing, comprising:
a substantially hollow-cylindrical inner portion;
an outer portion disposed with a predetermined spacing relative to the inner portion;
a resilient connection portion disposed between the inner portion and the outer portion and connecting the outer portion to
the inner portion, the resilient connection portion having a first hydraulic damping circuit with at least two first fluid
chambers which are in fluid communication with each other via a first flow connection, the first hydraulic damping circuit
having a damping action in a predetermined direction; and

a second hydraulic damping circuit providing a damping action in the same predetermined direction as the first hydraulic damping
circuit;

wherein the second hydraulic damping circuit has at least two second fluid chambers which are in fluid communication via a
second flow connection;

wherein each of the at least two second fluid chambers is defined in an outer face of the rubber bearing between two of the
at least two first fluid chambers.

US Pat. No. 9,688,288

GEOFENCING FOR AUTO DRIVE ROUTE PLANNING

Volkswagen AG et al., Wo...

1. A system of a semi-autonomous driving vehicle for transitioning from a semi-autonomous driving mode to a manual driving
mode, the system comprising:
a navigation system to determine a route to a destination;
a vehicle head unit to receive data that comprises information related to a geographic zone in which autonomous driving is
discouraged or prohibited along the determined route to the destination;

a processor to process the received data to determine if the semi-autonomous driving vehicle in autonomous driving mode is
approaching a geographic zone in which autonomous driving is discouraged or prohibited;

a means for notifying a driver which issues a notification to the driver of the semi-autonomous driving vehicle requesting
the driver to manually drive the semi-autonomous driving vehicle in response to a determination that the semi-autonomous driving
vehicle is approaching the geographic zone in which autonomous driving is discouraged or prohibited,

wherein the vehicle reengages autonomous driving mode after performing a minimal risk maneuver in response to a determination
that doing so does not create a specified level of risk and the semi-autonomous driving vehicle is not within a geographic
zone in which autonomous driving is discouraged or prohibited.

US Pat. No. 9,493,121

SWITCHABLE REARVIEW MIRROR

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An adjustable minor for use in a passenger vehicle, the adjustable mirror comprising:
a housing adapted to be coupled to a vehicle windshield;
a reflective surface in the housing to enable a user to view a rear view of the vehicle; and
means for changing an opacity of the reflective surface between an opaque state wherein a user can view the rear view of the
vehicle and a transparent state wherein the reflective surface becomes transparent such that the user can view objects positioned
on an opposite side of the reflective surface from the user through the transparent reflective surface such that the user
can view objects that would otherwise be blocked from view by the reflective surface while in the opaque state,

wherein the means for changing opacity includes:
an aperture formed through the housing and positioned to extend between a front side of the housing facing the user and a
rear side of the housing facing the windshield; and

an opacity adjuster coupled to the housing between the reflective surface and the vehicle windshield.

US Pat. No. 9,278,619

VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR SECURELY DISCONNECTING HIGH-VOLTAGE-GENERATING DEVICES IN THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENT

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A hybrid or electric motor vehicle comprising:
a low-voltage conductor having a low voltage of less than or equal to 60 volts DC or less than or equal to 25 volts AC;
a first device electrically connected to the low-voltage conductor, to generate a high voltage from the low voltage present
on the low-voltage conductor such that the first device has an element, which can have an electric voltage of greater than
60 volts DC or greater than 25 volts AC which is hazardous to a human being if the human comes into touching contact with
the element; and

an accident sensor system, which outputs a sensor signal if an accident is detected, the sensor signal causing the element
of the first device to be automatically switched to zero potential.

US Pat. No. 9,165,198

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING A VEHICLE DURING VEHICLE-TO-VEHICLE COMMUNICATION

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for identifying a first vehicle during vehicle-to-vehicle communication, comprising:
receiving vehicle data from the first vehicle the vehicle data comprising information which relates to an optical property
of the first vehicle which can be detected from outside the first vehicle, the optical property comprising a reflection value
relating to a reflectance of an outer surface of the first vehicle, the vehicle data being received at a receiving device
of a second vehicle;

acquiring environment data of the first vehicle using an environment sensor of the second vehicle; and
identifying the first vehicle with a computing device of the second vehicle, which is coupled to the receiving device and
to the environment sensor, using the vehicle data and the environment data, the first vehicle being identified by checking
the optical property by a checking device of the second vehicle using the environment data.

US Pat. No. 9,164,574

SWITCHING A CONTROL DEVICE IN A VEHICLE NETWORK TO SLEEP MODE WHEN VELOCITY IS ABOVE A THRESHOLD AND SWITCHING TO AN OPERATING MODE AFTER A NUMBER OF RECEIVED MESSAGES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A control device for a vehicle network that includes at least one bus system, the control device comprising:
a microprocessor;
a transceiver; and
a module that detects network messages that include vehicle velocity data, the network messages being transmitted on at least
one bus system, the module controlling at least one of switching on or off of a sleep mode for the control device based on
content of the detected network messages,

wherein the content indicates a previously defined state or event during the operation of the motor vehicle,
wherein the control device is switched off or into a sleep mode based on detection of the previously defined state or event
during the operation of the motor vehicle, and

wherein the previously defined state is the vehicle velocity V, wherein if V>Vlimit, the control device is switched off or switched into the sleep mode

wherein the module comprises at least one counter (C), wherein an operating mode is switched over if the counter (C) reaches
a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 9,689,700

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GEOMETRIC LINEARIZATION OF NAVIGATIONAL DATA

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A navigation system, comprising:
a processor;
a memory, operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the memory is configured to store internal navigational data from
an internal navigational data source within the navigation system, the internal navigational data comprising one or more first
navigational destinations and/or locations;

a global positioning apparatus, operatively coupled to the processor and configured to determine a current car position (CCP);
and

communications operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the communications is configured to receive external navigational
data from an external navigational data source, the external navigational data comprising one or more second navigational
destinations and/or locations

wherein the processor is configured to automatically prioritize the internal and external navigational data according to a
source and type,

and wherein the processor is configured to process the internal and external navigational data to generate a linearized representation
of navigational paths for the prioritized first and second navigational destinations and/or locations relative to the CCP.

US Pat. No. 9,470,537

ACCURATE POSITION DETERMINATION NEAR EXIT LANES

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system for determining whether a vehicle in an autonomous driving mode has moved off of a main roadway and
into an exit lane, the system comprising:
an a navigation unit for determining that an exit is approaching on a side of the main roadway;
a camera for obtaining image data regarding lane markings and exit signs in response to a determination by the navigation
unit that the exit is approaching;

an image processor for identifying a predetermined pattern among the lane markings and for determining a side of the vehicle
on which the predetermined pattern exists, wherein the predetermined patterns include a Y-shaped configuration of solid line
lane markings and a V-shaped configuration of solid line lane markings;

means for determining whether the vehicle has moved into the exit lane based on an assessment of the side of the main roadway
on which the exit is approaching and the side of the vehicle on which the predetermined pattern exists; and

means for verifying the determination by recognizing an exit sign and determining a side of the vehicle on which the exit
sign exists,

wherein the in-vehicle system issues a warning to a driver of the vehicle and disengages the autonomous driving mode in response
to a verified determination that the vehicle has moved into the exit lane.

US Pat. No. 9,429,439

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A VEHICLE POSITION IN A MAPPED ENVIRONMENT

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for determining a position of a vehicle within a predetermined driving area in a mapped environment, comprising:
identifying the vehicle to the mapped environment;
obtaining positional data of at least one predetermined component of the vehicle with a sensor device fixedly arranged in
the mapped environment;

determining the position of the vehicle by analyzing the positional data; and
navigating the vehicle through the mapped environment in a piloted manner.

US Pat. No. 9,413,019

FUEL CELL AND MEMBRANE THEREFORE

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A fuel cell comprising:
first and second flow field plates;
a cathode electrode and an anode electrode between the first and second flow field plates; and
a polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode, at least one of the flow field
plates influences, at least in part, an in-plane anisotropic physical condition of the PEM including at least one or more
of stress, electrical conductivity, elongation, and heat conductivity, which varies in magnitude between a high value direction
(Hfuel cell) and a low value direction (Lfuel cell), the PEM defining an in-plane physical property associated with the anisotropic physical condition that varies in magnitude
between a high value direction (HPEM) and a low value direction (LPEM), and the PEM is oriented between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode such that the HPEM is substantially aligned with the Hfuel cell.

US Pat. No. 9,385,377

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A CATALYST FOR FUEL CELLS

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method for producing a catalyst for fuel cells, in which a catalyst particle is supported by an electroconductive carrier,
the method comprising the steps of:
preparing a supported catalyst in which a catalyst particle comprising a core particle and an outermost layer is supported
by an electroconductive carrier, the core particle comprising at least one of palladium and a palladium alloy, and the outermost
layer comprising at least one of platinum and a platinum alloy and covering the core particle;

acid treatment to bring the supported catalyst into contact with an acid solution which dissolves palladium more preferentially
than platinum; and

firing the supported catalyst at 100° C. or more and less than 200° C. in a reducing gas atmosphere after the acid treatment
step.

US Pat. No. 9,366,568

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ASSESSING A QUALITY OF A HEADLIGHT

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method of assessing a quality of a headlight of a motor vehicle during travel or operation on a shake bench facility,
comprising:
taking the motor vehicle to travel or to operate on a shake bench facility;
monitoring the headlight using a camera during the travel of the motor vehicle or the operation of the motor vehicle on the
shake bench facility; and

evaluating a camera image of the headlight or a chronological sequence of camera images of the headlight obtained during the
travel of the motor vehicle or the operation of the motor vehicle on the shake bench facility as a function of at least one
predefined criterion.

US Pat. No. 9,340,119

ROOF MOUNTED VEHICLE ANTENNA STATE OF CHARGE INDICATOR APPARATUS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An indicator apparatus for indicating a status of an electric vehicle, the indicator apparatus comprising:
an indicator plate between a roof and a vehicle-integrated rooftop antenna of the electric vehicle, the indicator plate including:
a first end attached to the roof;
a second end opposite the first end and attached to the vehicle-integrated rooftop antenna; and
indication means for providing an indication of a status of a battery of the electric vehicle by illuminating a portion of
the indicator plate based on the status of the battery, wherein the indication is visible from outside the electric vehicle,
and wherein the indicator apparatus further comprises a power port coupled to the electric vehicle for receiving power from
the electric vehicle to the illuminated portion of the indicator plate, and wherein the illuminated portion is illuminated
based on vehicle diagnostic data received from the electric vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,315,214

SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A support structure for a motor vehicle, comprising:
an A-pillar constructed as a hollow profile,
and
a front wall cross beam constructed as a hollow profile and configured for connection to a front wall of a vehicle body, said
cross beam comprising an outer shell facing away from the front wall and having an end portion sized to extend into the hollow
profile of the A pillar, and an inner shell facing the front wall and having an end portion connected to an outside of an
inner side wall of the A-pillar, and

a reinforcing element sized to connect coextensively with the end portion of the outer shell and having one end connected
to an outer side wall of the A pillar and another end connected to the inner side wall of the A pillar.

US Pat. No. 10,046,729

EXTERNAL AIRBAG SYSTEM

DALPHI METAL ESPANA S.A.,...

1. An external airbag system (1), comprising at least one airbag (3) with at least one dedicated inflator (5a-5c), the at least one airbag (3) having a first chamber (47?) and at least one second chamber (47, 47?),wherein the at least one airbag (3) has in a folded state an elongated shape that extends in a longitudinal direction and is integrated in a side structure (19) of a vehicle (K) outside of a vehicle's occupant compartment and between a rocker panel (21) and a sill cover (31) of the vehicle, and
in an inflated state of the at least one airbag (3), the at least one second chamber (47, 47?) covers doors of the vehicle (K), and the first chamber (47?) at least partially surrounds the at least one second chamber (47, 47?) and covers both the sill cover (31) and pillars (23, 25, 27) of the vehicle (K).

US Pat. No. 9,805,527

INTELLIGENT LOGGING

Volkswagen AG, (DE) Audi...

1. An on-board computer system for logging sensor data for an autonomous vehicle, the on-board computer system comprising:
a plurality of sensors for monitoring sensor data regarding operation of the autonomous vehicle and an environment in which
the autonomous vehicle is present;

a processor for analyzing the sensor data; and
a first memory in which the monitored data is stored to log the sensor data received from the plurality of sensors of the
autonomous vehicle,

wherein the processor assesses criticality of a current situation for the autonomous vehicle by analyzing the sensor data
and determines processing capability of the processor based on the assessment of criticality of the current situation, and

wherein the processor determines whether to log sensor data in the first memory or to, instead, hold sensor data in a second
memory until a future time to be determined, wherein the determination to store or hold is based on the determined criticality
of the current situation to reduce the load on processing capability of the processor, wherein the first memory is a hard
drive and the second memory is a RAM.

US Pat. No. 9,784,310

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A BEARING, AND BEARING

BOGE ELASTMETALL GMBH, D...

1. A method for producing a bearing, comprising the steps of:
preassembling an inner part in an outer part with an elastomer body disposed therebetween, the elastomer body being reinforced
by a plastic cage, the plastic cage at least partially bearing against an inner wall of the outer part;

wherein the plastic cage is configured to protrude radially over an upper edge and to protrude over and project beyond a lower
edge of the outer part; and

simultaneously calibrating the outer part and the plastic cage by constricting the outer part and the plastic cage from a
respective first diameter to a respective second diameter, wherein, after the constriction, the plastic cage projects over
the upper edge of the outer part for form-fitting axial securing of the outer part;

wherein the plastic cage has at least one sealing groove arranged on an outer side of the plastic cage, the outer side of
the plastic cage being opposite the inner wall of the outer part; and the at least one sealing groove is filled with an elastomer
material.

US Pat. No. 9,663,036

FRAMELESS MIRROR AND ASSOCIATED INSTALLATION METHOD

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for installing a frameless mirror, comprising:
positioning a mirror glass on a carrier plate against a stop formed by a border of the carrier plate;
gluing the mirror glass on the carrier plate; and
separating the border from the carrier plate via a predetermined breaking point of the border, wherein the border has a C-shaped
configuration to circumferentially surround the mirror glass, said C-shaped border having a section of reduced diameter which
forms the predetermined breaking point.

US Pat. No. 9,494,999

METHOD FOR OPERATING A BUS CONTROL UNIT, AND BUS CONTROL UNIT

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for operating a first controller which is connected to a vehicle bus, comprising:
emitting, by a keep-active device, a keep-active message from the first controller to maintain communication with at least
a second controller connected to the vehicle bus, by a method comprising:

using at least a first bit in the keep-active message to keep the second controller active; and
using at least a second bit in the keep-active message to communicate a reason for keeping the second controller active, the
second bit being included in the keep-active message during proper operation of the first controller;

reading at the first controller, all keep-active messages emitted on the vehicle bus by the keep-active device and checking
at the first controller, by a check device, whether the second bit is included in the keep-active message to determine whether
the reason for keeping the second controller active has been communicated; and

if the second bit is not included in the keep-active message, resetting, by the check device, at least one of a software function
and a component function of the first controller,

wherein
the keep-active device includes a processor and an emitting unit that is operated by the processor to emit the keep-active
messages to the second controller,

the check device includes a software unit which is independent from the emitting unit which checks whether the second bit
is included in the keep-active message to determine whether the reason for keeping the second controller active has been communicated
in the keep-active messages emitted by the emitting unit, and

the check device is inactive when no keep-active message has been emitted.

US Pat. No. 9,182,759

DEVICE FOR THE AUTOMATED DRIVING OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING SUCH A DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A device for automated driving of a motor vehicle, comprising:
actuators to drive the motor vehicle;
a control unit to generate control signals for the actuators, to carry out transverse and longitudinal driving of the motor
vehicle independently during a journey of the motor vehicle, the control unit acting as a slave in a master-slave arrangement;
and

a user interface acting as a master in the master-slave arrangement, to receive an input from a user and to activate the slave
in a manner dependent on the input, the input comprising a selection of a new driving maneuver to be performed by the slave
and/or a driving parameter to alter a driving maneuver currently being performed by the slave, wherein

the user interface comprises a representation of the motor vehicle, the representation of the motor vehicle being configured
as a handle, an image or a symbol arranged in a field, the field having an edge that represents a maximum permissible change
in the driving parameter, and

the user interface receives the input from the user such that shifting the representation of the motor vehicle within the
field sets the driving parameter and shifting the representation of the motor vehicle beyond the edge of the field selects
the driving maneuver.

US Pat. No. 9,744,873

METHOD AND CONTROL DEVICE FOR CHARGING A BATTERY OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for charging a battery of a vehicle including at least one electric power train, the battery adapted to supply
electrical energy to the electric power train, comprising:
predicting, by a processing unit within the vehicle, an existing charging location for charging the battery after at least
one next trip of the vehicle, wherein the predicted existing charging location is based, at least in part, on traffic data
and load on a power grid;

transmitting, by a transmitter, the predicted existing charging location to the power grid;
receiving, at the processing unit, a plurality of energy rates from the power grid based on the transmitted predicted existing
charging location;

reserving, with the processing unit, the predicted existing charging location at a desired energy rate;
coupling the battery, by a plug-in connector, to the power grid at the predicted existing charging location; and
providing power to charge the battery by the plug-in connector at the reserved desired energy rate.

US Pat. No. 9,472,822

FUEL CELL POWER PLANT CONTROL

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A fuel cell power plant, comprising:
a cell stack assembly that provides a flow of electric power;
a variable resistive device operationally associated with the cell stack assembly, the variable resistive device having a
selectively variable electrical resistance; and

a controller that automatically selects the electrical resistance of the resistive device to maintain a current of the flow
of electrical power at an operating level based on a comparison of the current to a threshold current value stored in memory,
wherein the threshold current value is between 10 and 50 mA/cm2.

US Pat. No. 9,464,909

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CLUSTERING POINTS OF INTEREST IN A NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A navigation system, comprising:
a processor;
a sensor, operatively coupled to the processor, the sensor being configured to determine a location of the navigation system;
and

a navigation input module, operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the navigation input module is configured to receive
destination data specifying a destination and a plurality of point-of-interest (PPOI) data specifying a plurality of different
types of points-of-interest from a user, wherein the navigation input module is further configured to receive a POI search
area value defining an area of search for the PPOI data from potential route segments;

wherein the processor utilizes the POI search area value to search a plurality of areas along the potential route segments
to identify PPOI that are in closest proximity to the destination based on the PPOI data that are in closest proximity to
the destination,

and wherein the processor is further configured to cluster the identified PPOI data for simultaneous presentation on a navigational
map.

US Pat. No. 9,442,527

DOCKING AND UNDOCKING MECHANISM FOR REMOTE DEVICES

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A system for securing a remote device, comprising:
a docking body comprising:
a docking cavity, said docking cavity comprising a docking recess configured to receive a body of the remote device;
an access cavity, positioned within the docking cavity, wherein the access cavity comprises an access recess that partially
overlaps an area in the docking recess configured to receive the body of the remote device;

communications, configured to receive a control signal based on a sensed condition, wherein the sensed condition comprises
at least one of (i) a proximity of a user's hand to the docking body, and (ii) an operating parameter of a vehicle, and wherein
the control signal is dependent upon the sensed condition meeting or exceeding a predetermined parameter; and

coupling means for magnetically coupling the body of the remote device to at least a portion of the docking body, wherein
the coupling means modifies the strength of the magnetic coupling based on the control signal, and wherein the docking body
and the coupling means are configured to allow at least one of an oblique insertion and oblique removal of the body of the
remote device.

US Pat. No. 9,426,550

SPEAKER SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A loudspeaker system for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a mounting element extending in a plane, the mounting element being formed by an intermediate plate of a door of the motor
vehicle;

a loudspeaker mounted to the mounting element such that a longitudinal axis of the loudspeaker extends at an angle between
0° and 45° relative to the plane in which the mounting element extends; and

a shell-shaped, curved structural member connected directly to the mounting element at a point between one end of the structural
member which is connected to the loudspeaker and another end of the structural member, the loudspeaker being fitted in the
structural member to mount the loudspeaker to the mounting element, the structural member being open in a direction of a door
lining,

wherein the structural member is connected to the loudspeaker at the one end and then extends from a sound projection side
of the loudspeaker toward a direction in which a sound wave is projected from the loudspeaker, and the another end of the
structural member terminates on a same side as the sound projection side of the loudspeaker and is spaced apart from the loudspeaker.

US Pat. No. 9,417,087

INTERACTIVE 3D NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A vehicle navigation system for previewing turns for a user, the system comprising:
a processor and a non-transitory data storage on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, causes
the vehicle navigation system to:

obtain a route between an origin and a destination, wherein the route includes a plurality of turns and instructions for the
user at each of the plurality of turns; and

select one of the turns to preview for the user; and
means for selecting locations, vantages, and timing for a three-dimensional animated preview of a locale of the selected turn
and for retrieving the three-dimensional animated preview, wherein the three-dimensional animated preview simulates how the
locale will appear while the instructions for the selected turn are followed; and

a display for displaying the three-dimensional animated preview to the user,
wherein the means for selecting vantages are configured to select vantages that avoid viewing obstructions for a user to view
the simulated three-dimensional animated turn preview.

US Pat. No. 9,340,110

LIGHTING DEVICE OF CLOSED CONFIGURATION FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A lighting device of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a light guide having a closed configuration at least as seen from a top view, said light guide including two sections which
cross each other at an crossover;

a first light source linked to one end of the light guide to project light into the light guide; and
an adapter arranged at the crossover for adjusting a light intensity, measurable in a direction in opposition to the top view,
to a light intensity of another section of the light guide in a region of the crossover so as to maintain a homogenous light
intensity throughout the light guide.

US Pat. No. 9,156,497

DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTHORIZING AN AUTONOMOUS OR PILOTED GARAGE PARKING

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A driver assistance system for authorizing an autonomous, piloted parking of a vehicle into and out of a target standing
surface comprising:
a sensor system detecting measuring values during at least one drive of the vehicle from a first position in a vicinity and
outside of the target standing surface to a second position inside the target standing surface and from the second position
back to the first position;

an analysis device determining based on the detected measuring values, properties of the vehicle and the capability of control-,
regulation- and sensor-devices of the vehicle for an autonomous and piloted parking into and out of a parking space, whether
the vehicle is capable of an to autonomous or piloted parking into the target standing surface and out of the target standing
surface; and

a memory device, wherein the driver assistance system is constructed to store an authorization data set for the autonomous
or piloted parking into and out of the target standing surface in the memory device when the analysis device determines that
the vehicle is capable to autonomous or piloted parking into the target standing surface and out of the target standing surface.

US Pat. No. 9,662,978

METHOD FOR REPRODUCING INFORMATION IN A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND MOTOR VEHICLE DESIGNED TO CARRY OUT THE METHOD

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for reproducing items of information in a motor vehicle, comprising:
associating classes of information with the items of information, wherein a respective class of information is associated
with one of driver-relevant information, passenger-relevant information and information of general interest, and

reproducing the items of information on a ribbon-shaped base display formed as a liquid crystal display located at a base
of a windshield of the motor vehicle,

wherein a sub-area of the base display is assigned to a respective class of information and the items of information are reproduced
in the sub-area that corresponds to the class of information associated with the items of information to be displayed,

wherein the driver-relevant information is displayed in the sub-area of the base display facing a driver seat,
wherein the passenger-relevant information is displayed in the sub-area of the base display facing a passenger seat, and
wherein the information of general interest is displayed in the sub-area of the base display that is located between the sub-area
of the base display facing a driver seat and the sub-area of the base display facing a passenger seat.

US Pat. No. 9,618,354

NAVIGATION METHODS AND DEVICES USING USER-SPECIFIC LANDMARK TYPES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method, comprising:
providing a map database;
providing a landmark database;
providing at least one landmark type;
responsive to a user selection of one of the landmark types, classifying the selected landmark type as a user-specific landmark
type;

attributing a score for each of the landmark types based on a number of times the user has visited a landmark of the landmark
type, wherein an increase in the number of times that the user has visited the landmark corresponds to an increase in the
score;

for each of the landmark types that reaches a pre-determined threshold score, classifying the landmark type as another user-specific
landmark type;

using a global positioning system to determine retrieving a current location of a navigation system; and
using a global positioning system to determine a current location of a navigation system;
retrieving a desired destination of the user;
generating a route to the desired destination based on the retrieved current location and desired destination;
upon approaching a location on the route requiring the user to perform an action, determining navigation instructions for
the user at the location based on the map database, the landmark database, and at least one of the user-specific landmark
type; and

generating and outputting, to a display, the determined navigation instructions including the at least one user-specific landmark
type as a reference point.

US Pat. No. 9,250,157

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR RECOGNIZING ROTATIONAL SPEED / TORQUE FLUCTUATIONS IN A DRIVE DEVICE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for recognizing a succession of rotational speed/torque fluctuations of a drive device having at least one combustion
engine and a torsional vibration influencing device, said method comprising:
measuring with a measuring value detection device an actual rotational speed of the rotational speed/torque fluctuations of
the torsional vibration influencing device for recognizing rotational speed/torque fluctuations of the torsional vibration
influencing device;

detecting a local rotational speed minimum and a local rotational speed maximum of the torsional vibration influencing device,
establishing with the control device local rotational speed characteristic values, said local rotational speed characteristic
values including a local amplitude and a local frequency;

determining directly or indirectly a local vibration time period, during which at least one of the local amplitude and the
local frequency, is constant, and

describing a local vibration pattern, said local vibration pattern exhibiting at least the local amplitude, the local frequency
or the local vibration time period.

US Pat. No. 9,243,549

ACTUATING DEVICE FOR AN EXHAUST FLAP

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An actuating device, comprising:
a control rod;
a shaft rotatably mounted in an exhaust pipe and adjustable from outside the exhaust pipe via the control rod;
an actuator arm secured on the shaft;
an exhaust flap forming part of a supercharging pressure control of a turbocharged internal combustion engine and arranged
pivotally in the exhaust pipe for controlling an opening cross section of a bypass line in dependence on a compressor-side
supercharging pressure, said exhaust flap being mounted on the actuator arm;

an adjustment lever to which the control rod is articulated at a joint connection; and
a friction damper connected in a force flow between the shaft and the control rod and formed by a spring arranged at the joint
connection between the adjustment lever and the control rod and acting on the control rod and the adjustment lever in a region
of the joint connection,

wherein the spring is formed by a U-shaped leg spring having legs acting on the control rod and on the adjustment lever,
wherein the leg spring is held non-pivotally in a defined position at the joint connection, and
wherein at least one of the legs of the leg spring has two border-side bevels which embrace a flattened portion of the control
rod or the adjustment lever on both sides.

US Pat. No. 9,239,084

SAFETY COUPLING FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A safety coupling for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a releasable positive coupling transmitting a torque during a disturbance-free normal operation between a machine shaft of
an electric machine and a wheel drive shaft which drives at least one wheel of the motor vehicle, said releasable positive
coupling being constructed to disengage in response to a torque exceeding a threshold value;

an elastic coupling device constructed to at least briefly take over the torque transmission between the machine shaft and
the wheel drive shaft when the releasable positive coupling disengages, said elastic coupling device including at least one
elastic coupling element coupling the machine shaft and the wheel drive shaft for elastic rotation relative to each other
at respective coupling sites, wherein during the rotation of the machine shaft and the wheel drive shaft relative to each
other a torque acts transverse to an extent of the coupling element between the coupling sites, wherein the elastic coupling
device acts between a flange arranged on the machine shaft and a flange arranged on the wheel drive shaft; and

steel pins alternately protruding from the flange arranged on the machine shaft and the flange arranged on the wheel drive
shaft and engaging in bores of the coupling element.

US Pat. No. 9,163,591

METHOD FOR OPERATING A FUEL SYSTEM, AND FUEL SYSTEM

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for operating a fuel system of an internal combustion engine, comprising adjusting a ventilation valve of a ventilation
device of a fuel system for ventilating a fuel tank in a first operating mode exclusively as a function of a temperature when
the internal combustion engine is deactivated.

US Pat. No. 9,065,088

MODIFICATION TO STAMPABLE FLOWFIELDS TO IMPROVE FLOW DISTRIBUTION IN THE CHANNELS OF PEM FUEL CELLS

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A device for use in a fuel cell, comprising:
a plurality of channels each having a respective inlet;
a gap region fluidically coupled to the plurality of channels, the gap region defined by a length and a width such that a
ratio of the length to the width is less than about 4:1; and

a flow guide fluidically coupled to the gap region, the flow guide including a plurality of protrusions, the gap region being
between the plurality of channels and the flow guide.

US Pat. No. 9,803,993

INTERACTIVE 3D NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, (DE) Audi...

1. A vehicle navigation system for previewing vehicle turns for a user, the system comprising:
a processor and a non-transitory data storage on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, causes
the vehicle navigation system to:

obtain a vehicle route between an origin and a destination, wherein the vehicle route includes a plurality of vehicle turns
and instructions for the user at each of the plurality of vehicle turns;

select one of the vehicle turns to preview for the user;
select locations, vantages, and timing for a three-dimensional animated turn preview of a locale of the selected turn and
retrieve the three-dimensional animated turn preview, wherein the three-dimensional animated turn preview simulates how the
locale would appear while the instructions for the selected vehicle turn were followed by the user in the vehicle; and

a display for displaying the three-dimensional animated turn preview to the user,
wherein the vehicle navigation system selects timing for the three-dimensional animated turn preview by determining a speed
for portions of the three-dimensional animated turn preview.

US Pat. No. 9,649,938

METHOD FOR SYNCHRONIZING DISPLAY DEVICES IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for synchronizing in a motor vehicle, comprising:
detecting, using an optical sensor device and 3D image data, an operating gesture of a user which comprises a movement of
a body part of the user, carried out freely in a space;

generating a gesture signal describing the operating gesture and transmitting the gesture signal to a gesture detection device;
identifying the operating gesture at the gesture detection device;
identifying an origin display device of the motor vehicle and a target display device of the motor vehicle, the origin display
device and the target display device being identified at the gesture detection device using the gesture signal;

identifying a first origin data record selected by the operating gesture, the first origin data record being identified at
the gesture detection device, the first origin data record being one of a plurality of origin data records simultaneously
displayed by the origin display device, the first origin data record comprising a first display content relating to a first
predetermined thematic context;

receiving a control signal at a control device, the control signal being received from the gesture detection device, the control
signal describing the first origin data record;

determining the first predetermined thematic context of the first origin data record based on the control signal, the first
predetermined thematic context being determined at the control device;

determining a further data record based on the first predetermined thematic context, the further data record having a second
display content for the first predetermined thematic context; and

displaying the further data record on the target display device so as to synchronize the origin display device and the target
display device,

wherein
a second origin data record among the plurality of origin data records comprises a third display content relating to a second
predetermined thematic context,

the first predetermined thematic context is common to the first origin data record and the further data record and includes
information on a first vehicle system relating to operation of the motor vehicle, and

the second predetermined thematic context is common to the second origin data record and another data record having a fourth
display content for the second predetermined thematic context, and includes information on a second vehicle system relating
to operation of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,457,695

CARRIER STRUCTURE FOR AN ARMREST OF A VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A carrier structure for an armrest for articulation to a mount of a vehicle, said carrier structure comprising:
a cross member having pins, formed on the cross member as tube parts, for pivotable support in the mount, said cross member
being made of a steel sheet undergoing tube-forming, bending and punching of a steel sheet to assume a shape substantially
corresponding to a planar projection of the cross member; and

two carrier arms configured to carry a support body and connected at one end to the cross member,
said cross member having a cuboid configuration to define side panels forming an outer surface area, and opposing base panels
having free edges which in the planar projection form a gap with adjacent edges of the side panels for formfittingly receiving
an end of the carrier arms.

US Pat. No. 9,438,157

METHOD FOR OPERATING A MULTIPHASE ELECTRIC MACHINE AND CORRESPONDING MULTIPHASE ELECTRIC MACHINE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for operating a multiphase electric machine, having a rotor and a rotary encoder operatively connected with the
rotor, comprising:
bringing the rotor to a defined rotational speed;
measuring a measured rotation angle of the rotor with the rotary encoder,
inducing an active short circuit of the electric machine;
measuring current strengths of currents that flow in at least two phases of the electric machine in the induced active short
circuit;

determining an actual current vector from the current strengths and the measured rotation angle by using a dq-transformation;
calculating a rotation angle offset from the actual current vector and a reference current vector; and
determining an actual rotation angle of the rotor as a function of the measured rotation angle and the rotation angle offset.

US Pat. No. 9,388,784

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH INJECTION VALVE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An internal combustion engine for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a cylinder head having at least one cylinder;
an injection valve received in a receiving opening of a cylinder head for direct injection of fuel into a combustion chamber
of the cylinder and having a shaft portion and a connecting plug; and

a support element holding the injection valve in the receiving opening and configured to secure a rotational position of the
support element, said supporting element having a first portion formed as a base body formfittingly surrounding at least a
part of an outer circumference of the shaft portion of the injection valve and having two ends spaced from one another in
a circumferential direction, two further portions extending from the ends of the first portion of the support element and
forming stop faces which define there between a receiving opening in which the connecting plug of the injection valve is received,
and an additional portion extending from one of the further portions and forming a detent nose formfittingly axially engaging
in a bore of the cylinder head, wherein the support element has two gripping portions for assembly and disassembly of the
support element, the gripping portions being spaced from one another in the circumferential direction and each formed by a
peripherally closed elongated opening which is free of other components, wherein the elongated opening of one of the gripping
portions ends in a direction of elongation before the detent nose, and the detent nose is located in the direction of elongation
outwardly beyond the one gripping portion.

US Pat. No. 9,389,312

RADAR SENSOR FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE, MOTOR VEHICLE AND COMMUNICATION METHOD

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A radar sensor for a motor vehicle, comprising
a single antenna arrangement comprising at least one transmit antenna and at least one receive antenna, wherein the at least
one transmit antenna and the at least one receive antenna are configured to transmit and receive radar signals in a car-to-car
communication, and

a controller controlling operation of the antenna arrangement so as to transmit radar signals and messages in alternating
cycles and to evaluate received radar signals,

wherein the antenna arrangement is configured to at least one of transmit and receive in a frequency range that includes a
radar frequency band and a communication frequency band partially overlapping with the radar frequency band,

wherein an overlap between the radar frequency band and the communication frequency band is less than 20% of a width of the
radar frequency band, or

wherein an overlap between the radar frequency band and the communication frequency band is less than 40% of the width of
the communication frequency band.

US Pat. No. 9,382,878

METHOD FOR OPERATING A FUEL SYSTEM AND FUEL SYSTEM

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for operating a fuel system of a combustion engine, said fuel system comprising a fuel tank and a ventilation
device, said ventilation device including a ventilation valve for ventilating the fuel tank in a direction of a device which
at least intermittently generates a negative pressure, said method comprising:
detecting a deformation value of a deformation of a deformation region of a fuel tank of the fuel system caused by an internal
pressure of the fuel tank which is lower than a pressure outside the fuel tank, said deformation being directed toward an
inside of the fuel tank; and

closing the ventilation valve and/or opening a bypass when the deformation value exceeds a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,306,227

FUEL CELL AND FLOW FIELD PLATE FOR FLUID DISTRIBUTION

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A flow field plate for use in a fuel cell, comprising:
a non-porous plate body that interfaces with an interface surface of a gas diffusion layer to define a flow field extending
between first and second ends of the non-porous plate body, the flow field including:

a plurality of intermediate flow channels having channel inlets and channel outlets;
a fluid inlet portion that diverges from the first end to the channel inlets; and
a fluid outlet portion that converges from the channel outlets to the second end, wherein at least one of the fluid inlet
portion and the fluid outlet portion includes a plurality of upstanding flow guides and a plurality of flow passages extending
along a portion of the non-porous plate body among the plurality of upstanding flow guides, and wherein the plurality of flow
passages extending along the portion of the non-porous plate body among the plurality of upstanding flow guides have a varying
depth of flow through which a fluid moves during operation, the varying depth of flow being defined between a surface of the
portion of the non-porous plate body between the plurality of upstanding flow guides and the interface surface of the gas
diffusion layer.

US Pat. No. 9,272,645

ADJUSTING APPARATUS FOR A PIVOTABLE COMFORT ELEMENT, IN PARTICULAR FOR AN ARMREST OF A VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An adjusting apparatus for a comfort element, comprising:
a latching device actuated when the comfort element is adjusted, said latching device having a latching arm connected to the
comfort element, and a latching lever interacting with the latching arm;

a locking mechanism configured to lock a swing position of the comfort element, said locking mechanism including a locking
element fixed to a support structure and having a locking portion, and a spring-biased locking lever which is swingably articulated
to the latching arm and has an engagement portion configured to lock the swing position, when the engagement portion assumes
an engagement position with the locking portion of the locking element; and

an actuator configured to unlock the swing position of the comfort element by disengaging the locking lever from the engagement
position with the locking element.

US Pat. No. 9,238,248

PAINTING AID FOR A VEHICLE DOOR HANDLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A painting aid in combination with a door handle of a vehicle, wherein the door handle includes a door handle body arranged
outside a vehicle door and a bearing projection for pivotally mounting the door handle body on the vehicle door, and an actuation
projection for actuating a door lock, as well as a cap arranged at a fixed position next to the door handle body on the vehicle
door, the painting aid comprising:
a cover section surrounding the actuation projection for preventing paint to be applied to the actuating projection, and
a retaining section comprising a detent configured to interlock with a complementary structure disposed on the cap for retaining
the painting aid on the door handle.

US Pat. No. 9,865,112

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DYNAMIC IDENTIFICATION FOR VEHICLE ACCESS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A system for authorizing access to vehicle functions for a vehicle, comprising:
a processor;
data storage, operatively coupled to the processor, the data storage configured to store fob data relating to a key fob linked
to the vehicle, and device data comprising data relating to one or more devices linked to the key fob that are authorized
to access the vehicle; and

communications circuitry, operatively coupled to the processor, the communications circuitry configured to receive an access
request from the vehicle indicating that a new, unauthorized, device is requesting access to the vehicle,

wherein the processor is configured to transmit a challenge via the communications circuitry to one of the one or more devices
that are linked to the key fob and authorized to access the vehicle and receive a response thereto,

wherein the processor is configured to generate a secure fob key based on the response and transmit the secure fob key to
the new device in response to the access request,

and wherein the processor is configured to authenticate the new device based at least in part on the fob key, wherein the
new device is authorized to access the vehicle upon completion of the authentication.

US Pat. No. 9,855,894

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING REAL-TIME SENSOR FEEDBACK AND GRAPHICALLY TRANSLATING SENSOR CONFIDENCE DATA

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A system for processing sensor data in a vehicle, comprising:
one or more sensors configured to provide sensor data relating to at least one of a vehicle operating characteristic and/or
a driving environment;

a processing apparatus, communicatively coupled to the one or more sensors, wherein the processor is configured to receive
data from the one or more sensors; and

a display, operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the display is configured to display a scene comprising one or more
images associated with the sensor data,

wherein the processing apparatus comprises a probability processing module configured to process the sensor data to calculate
a sensor confidence value representing an estimated accuracy for at least one of the one or more sensors,

and wherein the processing apparatus comprises a graphics processing module configured to process the sensor confidence value
to modify the scene on the display by generating a volumetric fog comprising a density that is dependent upon the sensor confidence
value to represent the estimated accuracy for the at least one or more of the sensors.

US Pat. No. 9,469,174

WHEEL SUSPENSION FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A wheel suspension for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a multi-link assembly of links adapted for articulation to a vehicle body and a wheel carrier, at least one of the links of
the multi-link assembly configured to limit a free space in a vehicle longitudinal direction towards a front or rear, wherein
the multi-link assembly is articulated to a subframe of the vehicle body; and

a rotary actuator configured for active suspension control, said rotary actuator including a torsion bar and a motor-gear
unit configured to transmit a torque via the torsion bar as actuating force onto the multi-link assembly, said motor-gear
unit being arranged, at least in part, in the free space, wherein the motor-gear unit is arranged beneath a longitudinal member
of the subframe, with the torsion bar of the rotary actuator being aligned with a course of the longitudinal member.

US Pat. No. 9,368,030

METHOD FOR MAKING AVAILABLE ROUTE INFORMATION BY MEANS OF AT LEAST ONE MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for making available current route information, comprising:
setting up a communication link to a peer-to-peer network by a communication device of a motor vehicle;
signing in the motor vehicle to the peer-to-peer network as a first subscriber of the peer-to-peer network, the motor vehicle
being signed in so that a communication address of the motor vehicle can be determined by a second subscriber of the peer-to-peer
network;

receiving an interrogation relating to the route information, the interrogation being received by the communication device
from the second subscriber;

determining the route information by a sensing device of the motor vehicle, the route information including at least one of
a route report and operating data of the motor vehicle, wherein

the route report is produced from an input of a route section received as a speech signal from a person located in the motor
vehicle, the input being received by the sensing device and converted into text data for the route report using speech-to-text
technology,

the operating data is dependent on a driving behavior of the motor vehicle and is determined by an analysis device of the
motor vehicle, the operating data including at least one of road quality information and traffic information,

the road quality information is produced from active chassis control signals from the sensing device, which are analyzed to
draw conclusions about road quality, the road quality information being more compact, and requiring a smaller bandwidth than
would be necessary to transmit individual active chassis control signals, and

the traffic information is an indication of a traffic jam or backed-up traffic and is produced if the sensing device detects
that a frequency of braking maneuvers within a predetermined time is greater than a limiting value; and

transmitting the route information to the second subscriber from the communication device.

US Pat. No. 9,296,417

METHOD OF OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE WITH A DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method of operating a motor vehicle; comprising: monitoring with sensors installed in the motor vehicle a driving state
of the motor vehicle; predicting the occurrence of at least one predefined diving situation of the motor vehicle based on
the driving state in dependence on at least one predefined criterion; setting at least one operating of the motor vehicle
that is relevant for a steering intervention in response to the prediction to a predefined value that is required for executing
the steering intervention; and automatically executing the steering intervention by actuating with a driver assistance system
a steering actuator as a function of the predefined value required for executing the steering intervention before the execution
of the steering intervention, wherein the at least one operating parameter required for the steering intervention is a steering
angle on at least one of a rear axle and a front axle of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,256,394

METHOD PROVIDING A DISPLAY IN A MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE COMPRISING A DISPLAY UNIT

AUDI AG, Munich (DE)

1. A method for providing a display in a vehicle, comprising:
receiving, by the vehicle, a script from a device that is different from the vehicle, the script containing a command for
reading a data value from a memory of the vehicle, the script also containing a command for graphically designing a new display;

executing the script by a compiled computer program installed in a command interpreter, as a result of which:
the data value is read from the memory,
the new display is graphically designed, the new display containing a presentation of information related to the data value,
the script prescribing a graphical design for the presentation of the information related to the data value, such that the
script provides elementary drawing functions and at least partially defines a subsequently loaded function,

the new display is provided on a first sub-region of a display device of the vehicle, and
a display from a computer program that is permanently installed on the vehicle is provided on a second sub-region of the display
device.

US Pat. No. 9,242,565

METHOD FOR BRAKING OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for braking of a motor vehicle, which is driven by a drive torque from at least one electric drive motor which
is electrically connected to an electrical energy storage device, the method comprising:
in a first operating mode, operating the at least one electric drive motor as a generator for generating electric energy for
supply to the energy storage device, and

in a second operating mode, supplying to the at least one electric drive motor the electrical energy from the energy storage
device so as to generate a braking torque in opposition to the drive torque.

US Pat. No. 9,881,482

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DISPLAYING INFORMATION OF A SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for displaying information of a system with at least one control unit and a display unit, the method comprising:
displaying on the display unit at least one item of information about a state of the system;
detecting with the at least one control unit, a mobile terminal device in a predetermined range of the system;
establishing a communication channel between the at least one control unit and the mobile terminal device;
using the communication channel, transmitting the at least one item of information to the mobile terminal device;
displaying the at least one item of information on a display of the mobile terminal device; and
displaying data of at least one driving environment sensor on the display unit of the mobile terminal device;
wherein the display of the mobile terminal device is divided into at least two areas and user data is displayed in a first
one of the at least two areas and the at least one item of information is displayed in a second one of the at least two areas;

wherein the system is a motor vehicle that has at least one mode for automatic driving; and
wherein the at least one driving environment sensor includes a camera assigned to the motor vehicle, the displaying on the
display unit includes displaying a live stream of data from the camera when the system is about to exit the automatic driving
mode and requests a driver of the motor vehicle to take over the motor vehicle, the live stream indicates a traffic situation
with respect to the motor vehicle, and the displaying of the live stream highlights relevant objects of the traffic situation
visually in the live stream.

US Pat. No. 9,508,999

WICKING LAYER FOR MANAGING MOISTURE DISTRIBUTION IN A FUEL CELL

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A device for managing moisture content within a fuel cell, comprising:
a reactant distribution plate having a plurality of members that establish reactant flow channels that are open on at least
one side of the plate;

a wicking layer against the one side of the plate, the wicking layer including
a first portion that is uninterrupted across at least some of the channels such that the first portion covers over the at
least some of the channels, and

a second portion that extends along ends of at least some of the members without covering sections of the channels coextensive
with the second portion of the wicking layer such that the sections of the channels are open toward the one side; and

a plurality of fuel channels including at least one fuel flow channel aligned with at least one of the channels and a fuel
distribution channel aligned with the first portion of the wicking layer, the fuel distribution channel being at least partially
generally perpendicular to the fuel flow channel.

US Pat. No. 9,459,180

METHOD FOR TESTING THE OPERABILITY OF A DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM INSTALLED IN A TEST VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for testing operability of a driver assistance system installed in a moving test vehicle and responsive to information
supplied by sensors capturing a target vehicle moving in an environment of the test vehicle, comprising:
outputting control signals from the test vehicle via a wireless communication link,
initially providing from the test vehicle to the target vehicle control signals for at least one reproducible test scenario,
the control signals detected by the sensors of the test vehicle for causing the target vehicle to attain, without driver intervention
by a driver of the target vehicle, a defined first driving state relative to the test vehicle with respect to at least one
of a respective actual speed, a relative speed, a separation and a relative position,

thereafter controlling, without driver intervention by the driver of the target vehicle, operation of the target vehicle from
the test vehicle with the control signals to cause the target vehicle to intentionally perform at least one defined driving
maneuver to attain a defined second driving state different from the first driving state,

with the driver assistance system installed in the test vehicle, intervening in at least one of longitudinal and transverse
guidance of the test vehicle based on a change from the first driving state to the second driving state to produce a reaction
in the test vehicle, the reaction being recorded and evaluated,

wherein the control signals of the at least one test scenario can be reproducibly implemented.

US Pat. No. 9,423,094

LIGHTING DEVICE WITH 3D-EFFECT

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A lighting device for a motor vehicle comprising:
plural, flat light conducting elements arranged in spaced apart relationship one behind the other to form a layered arrangement,
without contacting one another, each of said light conducting elements having at least two light scattering structural elements;

an illumination device optically coupled to each of the light conducting elements and comprising plural light sources, each
of said plural light sources exclusively illuminating one of the structural elements or exclusively illuminating one subgroup
of the structural elements in each respective one of the light conducting elements so that only the one structural element
or the one subgroup of the structural elements lights up when illuminated by the light source, said subgroup consisting of
less than all of the structural elements respectively present in the respective light conducting element; and

a control device for controlling the illumination device, so as to generate a sequential light by means of the plural light
sources.

US Pat. No. 9,393,873

METHOD FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE CAPABLE OF BEING DRIVEN BY AN ELECTRIC MOTOR

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method of operating a vehicle, comprising:
supplying an electric motor with electric current from an energy store for driving the vehicle;
storing a remaining distance that can be traveled with energy stored in the energy store in a memory device;
transmitting the remaining distance that can be traveled with the energy stored in the energy store to a mobile terminal by
a first device which is connected to the memory device, when switching off the electric motor; and

transmitting the remaining distance that can be traveled with the energy stored in the energy store to a second device immediately
after the electric motor is switched off for indicating the remaining distance and before subsequent opening and closing the
vehicle or for starting the electric motor by a driver of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,362,577

FUEL CELL WATER MANAGEMENT ARRANGEMENT

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

11. A fuel cell device seal, comprising:
a seal configured to block flow of fluid through a perimeter portion of a gas diffusion layer in a fuel cell, the seal establishing
an opening near a fluid outlet in a plate of the fuel cell, the opening establishing a path for communicating water through
the perimeter portion of the gas diffusion layer away from the fuel cell.

US Pat. No. 9,318,759

FUEL CELL ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF CONTROL

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method of operating a fuel cell, comprising:
operating a fuel cell at a first power output level that includes a plurality of operation parameters, each operation parameter
having a value corresponding to the first power output level to satisfy a first power demand;

determining a change between the first power demand and a second power demand;
maintaining at least a first one of the operation parameters at the value corresponding to the first power output level while
changing at least a second one of the operation parameters to a value corresponding to a second power output level to satisfy
the second power demand;

delaying changing the first operation parameter to a value corresponding to the second power output level until a predetermined
criterion is met;

clipping a cell stack assembly voltage; and
selecting a voltage value for the clipping based on temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,286,525

METHOD FOR EVALUATING AN OBJECT RECOGNITION DEVICE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for evaluating operability of an object recognition device of a motor vehicle with a camera simulation device,
comprising the steps of:
providing reference image data generated with a camera for at least one route;
generating simulation image data for the at least one route with the camera simulation device;
comparing the simulation image data with the reference image data using at least three different predetermined comparison
measures

determining a value for each of the at least three comparison measures independent of the processing of the image data by
the object recognition device;

forming at least one comparison value for each comparison measure;
checking whether a totality of the comparison values formed for the respective comparison measures satisfies a predetermined
validation criterion; and

providing the camera simulation device for use in evaluating the operability of the object recognition device when the predetermined
validation criterion is satisfied.

US Pat. No. 9,196,102

START SYSTEM FOR A CAR, CAR HAVING A START SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A START SYSTEM FOR A CAR

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for operating a starting system for a car, the method comprising:
detecting, by the starting system, locking of a door of the car;
when the locking of the door of the car is detected, checking, using a monitoring device in the starting system, whether a
portable code transmitter for the starting system is inside a monitoring region of the monitoring device;

deactivating a starting device of the starting system using a control device of the starting system if the portable code transmitter
is not inside the monitoring region;

operating an operator control element of the portable code transmitter and wirelessly transmitting, by the portable code transmitter,
an unlocking signal that initiates an unlocking of the door of the car and an identity signal that comprises identity data;

receiving, by the starting system, the unlocking signal and the identity signal;
checking, using the control device, whether the received identity data matches identity data stored in the starting system;
and

activating the starting device using the control device if the received identity data matches the stored identity data.

US Pat. No. 9,870,665

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VEHICLE ACCESS AND FUNCTION CONTROL UTILIZING A PORTABLE DEVICE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A system for authorizing access to vehicle functions for a vehicle, comprising:
a processor;
data storage, operatively coupled to the processor, the data storage configured to store (i) fob data relating to a key fob
linked to the vehicle, (ii) device data comprising data relating to one or more devices that are authorized to access the
vehicle, and (iii) vehicle access and/or function control data; and

communications circuitry, operatively coupled to the processor, the communications circuitry configured to communicate with
a new device is requesting access to the vehicle,

wherein the processor is configured to generate a secure fob key based on the fob data and the device data,
and wherein the processor is configured to generate a vehicle function control file based on the vehicle access and/or function
control data and the secure fob key, wherein the vehicle function control file is configured to authenticate the new device
with the vehicle via the secure fob key and to at least one of (i) limit access of the new device to the vehicle, (ii) limit
an operational function of the vehicle, and (iii) provide alerts for the vehicle based on the vehicle access and/or function
control data.