US Pat. No. 10,893,615

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD COMPOSITE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

CPT Zwei GmbH, Hannover ...

1. A method for producing a printed circuit board composite, the method comprising:connecting a first printed circuit board, being a sensor carrier printed circuit board, in a form-fitting connection to a second printed circuit board, being a supporting printed circuit board, wherein each of the first and second printed circuit boards have a groove with a groove bottom formed therein, and the first and second printed circuit boards are connected to one another such that the groove bottoms of the grooves fit in and contact one another; and
providing the first printed circuit board with a component and connecting the first and second printed circuit boards to one another such that the second printed circuit board contacts the component and supports the component in position.

US Pat. No. 10,893,641

GROUP DETERMINATION METHOD AND GROUP DETERMINATION APPARATUS

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A group determination method, the method comprising:a step of grouping a plurality of types of mounting boards that are production targets into a sequential combination of a plurality of groups of mounting boards, each group being common in an arrangement of a plurality of component suppliers, in a component mounting line including a plurality of component mounters, each component mounter including a component supply carriage capable of attaching and detaching the plurality of the component suppliers for supplying components,
a step of calculating an external set-up work time for an external set-up work by which component suppliers to be used in a group that is a next production target of a group under production in the component mounting line are arranged in a component supply carriage when the component supply carriage is removed from the component mounting line; and
a step of calculating a production completion time at which production of all the mounting boards that are the production targets is completed in consideration of the external set-up work time,
a step of determining a sequential combination of a plurality of groups of mounting boards that causes a production completion time to be shortened from the calculated production completion time by re-grouping the plurality of types of mounting boards.

US Pat. No. 10,893,638

DISPENSING HEAD HAVING A NOZZLE HEATER DEVICE, SYSTEM AND METHOD

UNIVERSAL INSTRUMENTS COR...

1. A dispensing head comprising:a first spindle configured for movement in a vertical direction;
a first nozzle operatively attached to the spindle; and
a heater device removably attachable to the dispensing head, the heater device including:
a heat source; and
an opening configured to receive the first nozzle, wherein the heat source is configured to heat the first nozzle above an ambient temperature,
wherein the heater device remains stationary relative to a main body of the dispensing head during picking and placing by the first spindle.

US Pat. No. 10,893,637

ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING SHIELD MEMBER FOR SHIELDING AT LEAST PART OF MAGNETIC FORCE GENERATED BY MAGNETIC SUBSTANCE AND CONNECTION PORTION INCLUDING PROPERTY OF NONMAGNETIC SUBSTANCE CONNECTED TO SHIELD MEMBER

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a circuit board;
a first device comprising a first magnetic substance;
a second device comprising a second magnetic substance; and
a shield structure configured to shield at least part of a magnetic force generated between the first magnetic substance and the second magnetic substance,
wherein the shield structure comprises:
a shield member disposed closer to any one device between the first device and the second device and including a property of a magnetic substance and having plate-like structure; and
a connecting member directly connected to at least part of the shield member on a first side and including a property of a nonmagnetic substance, and
wherein at least part of the connecting member is directly connected to the circuit board on a second side opposite the first side.

US Pat. No. 10,893,633

METHOD OF COOLING AN ELECTRONICS CABINET

MODINE MANUFACTURING COMP...

1. A method of cooling an electronics cabinet, comprising:inducing a flow of cooling air to enter into an electronics cabinet at a first temperature;
passing the flow of cooling air over a plurality of electronic modules arranged within the electronics cabinet to convectively transfer heat to the flow of cooling air from the plurality of electronic modules at a first heat transfer rate;
directing the flow of cooling air through a door heat exchanger arranged at an end of the electronics cabinet to exhaust the flow of cooling air from the electronics cabinet at a second temperature;
receiving a first coolant flow into the electronics cabinet;
directing the first coolant flow through the door heat exchanger;
transferring heat from the flow of cooling air to the first coolant flow at a second heat transfer rate as the flow of cooling air and the first coolant flow both pass through the door heat exchanger;
directing the first coolant flow through a coolant-to-coolant heat exchanger arranged within the electronics cabinet;
circulating a second coolant flow through a coolant loop arranged within the electronics cabinet, the coolant-to-coolant heat exchanger being located along said coolant loop;
passing the second coolant flow through a plurality of cold plates joined to at least some of the plurality of electronic modules to transfer heat therefrom to the second coolant flow at a third heat transfer rate;
transferring heat from the second coolant flow to the first coolant flow at a fourth heat transfer rate as the first and second coolant flows both pass through the coolant-to-coolant heat exchangers;
removing the first coolant flow from the electronics cabinet; and
rejecting heat from the first coolant flow at a location remote from the electronics cabinet.

US Pat. No. 10,893,612

RIGID-FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUIT BORD FABRICATION USING INKJET PRINTING

Nano Dimension Technologi...

1. A method for fabricating a rigid-flexible electronic object using inkjet printer comprising:a. providing an ink jet printing system comprising:
i. a first print head having: at least one aperture, a rigid resin ink reservoir, and a rigid resin pump configured to supply rigid resin inkjet ink through the aperture;
ii. a second print head having: at least one aperture, a rigid metallic ink reservoir, and a rigid metallic ink pump configured to supply the rigid metallic inkjet ink through the aperture;
iii. a third print head having: at least one aperture, a flexible resin ink reservoir, and a flexible resin ink pump configured to supply the flexible resin inkjet ink through the aperture;
iv. a fourth print head having: at least one aperture, a flexible conductive ink reservoir, and a flexible conductive ink pump configured to supply the flexible conductive inkjet ink through the aperture;
v. a conveyor, operably coupled to the first, the second, the third, and the fourth print heads configured to convey a substrate to each of the first, second, third, and fourth print heads; and
vi. a computer aided manufacturing (“CAM”) module, comprising: a data processor; a non-volatile memory; and a set of executable instructions stored on the non-volatile memory for: receiving a 3D visualization file representing the rigid-flexible electronic object; generating a file that represents at least one, substantially 2D layer for printing the rigid-flexible electronic object; receiving a selection of parameters related to the rigid-flexible electronic object; and altering the file represents at least one, substantially 2D layer based on at least one of the selection of parameters,wherein the CAM module is configured to control each of the first, second, third and fourth print heads;b. providing the rigid resin inkjet ink composition, the rigid metallic inkjet ink composition, the flexible resin ink composition, and the flexible conductive ink composition;
c. using the CAM module, obtaining a generated file representing a first, substantially 2D layer of the rigid-flexible electronic object for printing, the 2D layer comprising a pattern representative of the rigid resin inkjet ink, the rigid metallic inkjet ink, the flexible resin inkjet ink, the flexible conductive inkjet ink, or a combination comprising two or more;
d. using the first print head, forming the pattern corresponding to the rigid resin representation in the first, substantially 2D layer of the rigid-flexible electronic object for printing;
e. curing the pattern corresponding to the rigid resin representation in the 2D layer of the rigid-flexible electronic object;
f. using the third print head, forming the pattern corresponding to the flexible resin representation in the first, substantially 2D layer of the rigid-flexible electronic object for printing;
g. cross-linking the pattern corresponding to the flexible resin representation in the 2D layer of the rigid-flexible electronic object;
h. using the second print head, forming the pattern corresponding to the rigid metallic ink representation in the first, substantially 2D layer of the rigid-flexible electronic object for printing;
i. sintering the pattern corresponding to the rigid metallic ink representation in the first, substantially 2D layer of the rigid-flexible electronic object for printing;
j. using the fourth print head, forming the pattern corresponding to the flexible conductive ink representation in the first, substantially 2D layer of the rigid-flexible electronic object for printing; and
k. cross-linking the pattern corresponding to the flexible conductive representation in the 2D layer of the rigid-flexible electronic object.

US Pat. No. 10,893,627

ELECTRONIC CABINET, AND AIR INLET THEREFORE

LOGISIG INC., Quebec (CA...

1. An outdoor weather-resistant electronic cabinet for enclosing electronic components, the electronic cabinet comprising:a housing having a base and a cover being connected to one another via a plurality of lateral walls, the base, the cover and the lateral walls enclosing an interior of the housing, one of the plurality of lateral walls having a first opening defined through said lateral wall to allow air to enter the housing through the first opening in said lateral wall;
a lateral perforated plate being mounted to said lateral wall of the housing and extending over the first opening of said lateral wall, the lateral perforated plate having a plurality of perforations;
a protector plate being mounted to the housing and extending over the lateral perforated plate to overlay the plurality of perforations of the lateral perforated plate on an exterior side of the electronic cabinet to shield the plurality of perforations from horizontally-oriented projections of ice or water, the protector plate having an edge spaced apart from the lateral perforated plate, an air inlet spacing defined between the edge and the lateral perforated plate;
a spacing between the protector plate and the lateral perforated plate; and
a ventilation air path extending from the exterior side of the electronic cabinet, across the air inlet spacing, into the spacing between the protector plate and the lateral perforated plate and across the perforations of the lateral perforated plate;
wherein the lateral perforated plate has two lateral edges each having a side flange extending outwardly from a respective one of the two lateral edges of the lateral perforated plate, the protector plate having two lateral edges each having a side flange extending inwardly from a respective one of the two lateral edges of the protector, the side flanges of the lateral perforated plate being fastened to the side flanges of the protector plate.

US Pat. No. 10,893,622

COVER PLATE FOR FLEXIBLE DISPLAY SCREEN AND FLEXIBLE DISPLAY SCREEN

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A cover plate for a flexible display screen, wherein the cover plate comprises deformable regions and non-deformable regions spaced apart along a first direction, the deformable regions comprising memory metal connecting the non-deformable regions, a number of the non-deformable regions is not less than four; wherein, when the memory metal of the deformable regions is in a low temperature phase shape, the projections of the non-deformable regions at least partially overlaps in a direction perpendicular to the display screen; when the memory metal of the deformable regions is in a high temperature phase shape, the deformable regions and the non-deformable regions are on a same horizontal plane; wherein, the memory metal of the deformable regions comprising a diamond shape mesh structure, wherein at least one of the deformable regions is composed of two or more sub-deformation regions, and having gaps between the sub-deformation regions, wherein from the high temperature phase shape to the low temperature phase shape, the deformable regions bend 180 degrees clockwise or counter-clockwise, and each of the non-deformable regions is parallel with each other on a same direction.

US Pat. No. 10,893,603

HEAT DISSIPATION SUBSTRATE, HEAT DISSIPATION CIRCUIT STRUCTURE BODY, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

4. A method for manufacturing a heat dissipation substrate, the method comprising:a process of obtaining a metal laminated body by providing a first metal film on a first surface of a base substrate including the first surface and a second surface;
a process of forming a through-hole penetrating through the metal laminated body from an outer surface of the first metal film of the metal laminated body to the second surface of the base substrate;
a process of achieving a state in which a heat dissipation member is inserted into the through-hole, a part of the heat dissipation member projects from the outer surface of the first metal film, a thermally conductive resin constituent is present, without space, between an inner peripheral surface of the through-hole and the heat dissipation member, and a side surface of the heat dissipation member is covered with the thermally conductive resin constituent;
a process of hardening the thermally conductive resin constituent;
a process of performing machining so that an outer surface of the first metal film, an outer surface of the thermally conductive resin constituent, and an outer surface of the heat dissipation member are disposed on substantially the same plane, wherein the thermally conductive resin constituent comprises at least one of inorganic filler selected from the group consisting of gold powder, silver powder, copper powder, nickel powder, alloy powder including two or more metals selected from gold, silver, copper, and nickel, silver-coated copper powder, gold-coated copper powder, silver-coated nickel powder, gold-coated nickel powder, graphene, and carbon;
a process of forming a second metal film that covers a surface of the first metal film, a surface of the heat dissipation member, and a surface of the thermally conductive resin constituent; and
a process of providing an electrically conductive path and a metal layer covering the outer surface of the heat dissipation member by removing a part of the second metal film to form an arbitrary pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,893,602

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A POWER ELECTRONICS SYSTEM

1. A method for producing a power electronics system having a cooling device, a switching device, a terminal device, a capacitor device and a control device, comprising the following production steps:a) providing a cooling device with a plurality of first positioning cutouts and a plurality of second positioning cutouts and said first positioning cutouts and the second positioning cutouts are on a first surface of the cooling device and said first surface is opposite a plurality of extending air-cooled heat sink members;
b) providing the switching device with a substrate and a first mounting device, which has a plurality of first positioning devices, and wherein in the production step b) of providing, the substrate is arranged in a first cutout in the first mounting device, and further comprises conducting a step of fixing the substrate in the first cutout wherein the step of fixing is performed by means of an adhesive electrically insulating material;
c) providing the terminal device with a second mounting device, which has a plurality of second positioning devices;
d) arranging the switching device on the cooling device, wherein the first positioning devices are arranged in respectively assigned first positioning cutouts;
e) arranging the terminal device on the cooling device, wherein the respective second positioning devices are arranged in the respectively assigned second positioning cutouts;
f) positioning the capacitor device on said substrate and said switching device wherein said capacitor device includes a plurality of capacitors and a contact bus bar has a plurality of contact elements extending through second cutouts of the first mounting device for electrically contacting the substrate; and
g) positioning a plurality of load connection elements, for conducting alternating voltage potential, attached to the second mounting device and each said load connection element having a contact area for making simultaneous electrical contact with a respective conductor track of the substrate; and
wherein the first mounting device of the switching device has a second cutout, which opens up a bounded sub-area opening of the substrate on a side remote from the cooling device.

US Pat. No. 10,893,561

SIGNALING REDUCTION IN DUAL CONNECTIVITY NETWORKS

T-Mobile USA, Inc., Bell...

1. A base station comprising:one or more processors; and
a computer-readable storage medium storing a plurality of computer-executable components that are executable by the one or more processors to perform a plurality of actions, the plurality of actions comprising:
providing a first wireless connectivity of a first regulated wireless communication standard to a user equipment (UE) of a cellular network via a master node of the base station, wherein user plane data is forwarded to the UE through the master node according to a first user plane path;
determining whether the master node and a secondary node are collocated at a same cellular tower of the base station;
requesting a secondary node to provide a second wireless connectivity of a second regulated wireless communication standard to the UE, wherein:
if the master node and the secondary node are not collocated at a same cellular tower of the base station, the user plane data is forwarded to the UE through the secondary node according to a second user plane path that is established with the cellular network; and
if the master node and the secondary node are collocated at a same cellular tower of the base station, the user plane data is forwarded to the UE through the secondary node according to the first user plane path.

US Pat. No. 10,893,557

RELAYING IN A DEVICE-TO-DEVICE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication at a relay user equipment (UE), comprising:receiving, on a downlink channel from a network entity, at least one indication including resource allocation information for at least one of the relay UE or a remote UE, wherein the resource allocation information corresponds to downlink control information (DCI) including a resource allocation for at least one of the relay UE or the remote UE at a first time value representing a subframe slot plus a first time variable associated with the resource allocation;
determining a second time variable such that the first time value plus the first time variable is equal to the second time value plus the second time variable; and
transmitting, on a sidelink channel to the remote UE, the resource allocation information of the remote UE, including transmitting the DCI as a medium access control (MAC) control element (CE) as part of a sidelink shared channel (SL-SCH) data, wherein the DCI is transmitted at the second time value representing the subframe slot plus a second time variable less than the first time variable.

US Pat. No. 10,893,551

NUMEROLOGY DEPENDENT COMMUNICATION TIMING

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communications at a user equipment (UE), comprising:receiving, from a base station, an indication of a numerology to be used for a communication procedure;
determining a minimum time interval for the communication procedure based at least in part on a minimum time gap and a time value, wherein the minimum time gap is an absolute time and the time value is based at least in part on a number of symbols having a symbol duration corresponding to the numerology, wherein the minimum time interval provides a minimum wait time for the UE between receipt of a downlink message and transmission of an uplink message in response to the downlink message; and
communicating with the base station in accordance with the minimum time interval.

US Pat. No. 10,893,532

TRANSMISSION METHOD, TRANSMISSION CONTROL METHOD, AND COMMUNICATION APPARATUS

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A transmission method comprising:generating a first symbol group that includes a control symbol for causing a communication partner apparatus to recognize that a short-range communication is to be performed, and a second symbol group that includes a data symbol for the short-range communication;
transmitting the first symbol group at a first transmit power, wherein the first symbol group includes the control symbol and a first gain control (AGC) symbol; and
transmitting the second symbol group at a second transmit power that is smaller than the first transmit power, wherein the second symbol group includes the data symbol and a second AGC symbol.

US Pat. No. 10,893,513

DATA AND MULTICAST SIGNALS IN A WIRELESS DEVICE AND WIRELESS NETWORK

Comcast Cable Communicati...

1. A base station comprising:one or more processors; and
memory storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the base station to:
communicate with a wireless device via:
a primary cell, of a primary control channel group, that comprises a primary control channel; and
a control channel secondary cell of a secondary control channel group that also comprises a first secondary cell;
deactivate a state of the control channel secondary cell for the wireless device; and
after deactivating the state of the control channel secondary cell for the wireless device and while the first secondary cell is activated, transmit, to the wireless device, downlink multicast channel transport blocks via the first secondary cell and not transmit, to the wireless device, downlink shared channel transport blocks via the first secondary cell.

US Pat. No. 10,893,491

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO DERIVE CONFIGURED OUTPUT POWER WITH DIFFERENT TTI

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method by a wireless device for determining a maximum output power, the method comprising:obtaining, by the wireless device, a first time resource for transmitting a first signal in a first cell on a first carrier;
obtaining, by the wireless device, a second time resource for transmitting a second signal in a second cell on a second carrier;
based on the first time resource and the second time resource, determining the maximum output power;
determining a reference time based on at least one of the first time resource and the second time resource;
determining the maximum output power based on the reference time, wherein the reference time is determined as a function of a length of at least one of the first time resource and the second time resource; and wherein the reference time comprises:
a lowest common multiple of a length of the first time resource and a length of the second time resource;
a highest of the length of the first time resource and the length of the second time resource;
a fraction of the length of the first time resource or the length of the second time resource;
a half of the length of the first time resource or the length of the second time resource;
a fraction of a highest of the length of the first time resource or the length of the second time resource;
a half of a highest of the length of the first time resource or the length of the second time resource; or
a value configured for at least one of the first time resource and the second time resource; and
based on the determined maximum output power, transmitting the first signal in the first cell and the second signal in the second cell.

US Pat. No. 10,893,265

VIDEO ENCODING AND DECODING WITH SELECTION OF PREDICTION UNITS

British Broadcasting Corp...

1. A method of video coding or decoding in which coding blocks in a current frame are predicted from a plurality of blocks in previously encoded frames with prediction samples organised in a prediction unit; comprising the steps of:determining a residual signal for the prediction unit based on a first prediction unit type extracted from a plurality of prediction unit types;
organizing the residual signal into more than two groups based on location within the prediction unit;
calculating, for each group, a function of the residual signal;
determining a first parameter based on the calculated functions for one or more of the groups;
determining a second parameter based on the calculated functions for one or more of the remaining groups;
computing a ratio between the first parameter and the second parameter; and
selecting one or more prediction unit types to consider for coding from a plurality of prediction unit types on the basis of the computed ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,893,057

HARDWARE SECURITY MODULE SYSTEMS AND METHODS

AO KASPERSKY LAB, Moscow...

1. A system for detecting compromised data, the system comprising:at least one processor and a memory operably coupled to the at least one processor; and
instructions that, when executed on the at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to implement:
an encryption key building tool configured to—
provide a Hardware Security Module (HSM) to physically protect the encryption key building tool from tampering,
build an initial pre-shared key during creation of the HSM, the initial pre-shared key based on at least one characteristic of the HSM,
build an encryption key based on a previously-built key, wherein a first instance of the encryption key is based on the initial pre-shared key, and
provide the encryption key to a message authentication code (MAC) computing tool.

US Pat. No. 10,892,627

LEARNING ALGORITHM FOR CONTROLLING THE VOLTAGE OF BATTERY

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A learning algorithm for controlling a battery voltage, which reduces an error of the battery voltage by using a power generation voltage of an alternator while a vehicle is driven, the learning algorithm comprising steps of:calculating, by a processor, a first error voltage indicating a difference between the power generation voltage of the alternator and the battery voltage only once after the vehicle is assembled, when there is no learning history of calculating the first error voltage;
calculating, by the processor, a second error voltage indicated by updating the difference between the power generation voltage of the alternator and the battery voltage according to an output amount of the alternator and a driving time; and
calculating, by the processor, a line-to-line voltage between the alternator and the battery by adding the first error voltage and the second error voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,892,598

SMALL FORM FACTOR TRANSMITTING DEVICE

INPHI CORPORATION, San J...

1. A method of implementing a photonic transceiver in a network system comprising:packaging a first transmitter device and a second transmitter device separately in a TEC-TOSA package;
coupling the first transmitter device and a second transmitter device respectively to a silicon photonics chip and mounting two TEC-TOSA packages respectively for the first transmitter device and a second transmitter device side-by-side on a PCB board, the PCB board being configured with a front end for mounting an optical input port and an optical output port respectively connected to the silicon photonics chip via optical fibers and a back end for forming multiple metallic stripes configured as an electrical connector;
plugging the electrical connector to the network system; and
connecting a pair of external optical fibers respectively to the optical input port and the optical output port for respectively providing incoming optical signals and outgoing optical signals;
wherein packaging the first transmitter device comprises:
providing a base member comprising a planar part extended to an assembling part;
mounting a thermoelectric cooler module, a transmitting module, and an optical coupling lens assembly on a top surface of the planar part;
disposing a circuit board bended in step-shape with a first end region sitting on a top surface of the planar part and a second end region being a raised level, the first end region comprising multiple electrical connection patches respectively connected to the thermoelectric module and the transmitting module, the second end region comprising an electrical port for external connection;
disposing a cover member to a fixed position over the planar part to at least cover the thermoelectric module, the transmitting module, the optical coupling lens assembly, and the first end region of the circuit board;
assembling a cylindrical member to the assembling part, the cylindrical member enclosing an isolator aligned to the optical coupling lens assembly along its axial line and connected to a first optical fiber to output optical signal from the transmitting module; and
mounting the base member on the PCB board.

US Pat. No. 10,892,452

CELL STRUCTURE UNIT AND MULTILAYER CELL

KABUSHIKI KAISHA NIHON MI...

1. A cell structure unit, comprising:a first sheet-shaped cell that includes a first electrode and a second electrode;
a second sheet-shaped cell that includes a third electrode and a fourth electrode and that is arranged as facing the first sheet-shaped cell, the electrodes comprising planar sheets making up layers when viewed in a side view, wherein both the first and third electrodes comprise electrodes having a charge opposite that of both the second and fourth electrodes such that the first and third electrodes are connectable to a first terminal and the second and fourth electrodes are connectable to a second terminal, the first terminal having the charge opposite that of the second terminal; and
a tab lead that connects the second electrode of the first sheet-shaped cell and the fourth electrode of the second sheet-shaped cell,
wherein the second electrode of the first sheet-shaped cell and the fourth electrode of the second sheet-shaped cell are arranged as facing each other so that, in the side view, the first and third electrodes comprise layers with the second and fourth electrode layers therebetween, wherein the cell structure unit comprises at least one semiconductor layer between the first electrode and the second electrode;
wherein, in a plane view perpendicular to the side view of a state that the first sheet-shaped cell and the second sheet-shaped cell are arranged as facing each other, the first sheet-shaped cell includes a first tab portion arranged as being extended to outside of the second sheet-shaped cell, the second sheet-shaped cell includes a second tab portion arranged as being extended to outside of the first sheet-shaped cell, and the tab lead is arranged from the first tab portion to the second tab portion,
wherein the first sheet-shaped cell includes a first rectangle portion that, along with the first tab portion, forms an L shaped first sheet-shaped cell when viewed in the plane view perpendicular to the side view,
wherein the second sheet-shaped cell includes a second rectangle portion that, along with the second tab portion, forms an L shaped second sheet-shaped cell when viewed in the plane view perpendicular to the side view, with the second rectangle portion overlapping the first rectangle portion in the plane view,
wherein the first tab portion and the second tab portion are offset to each other in the plane view,
wherein a first insulating member is arranged at the first sheet-shaped cell in a boundary between the second rectangle portion and the second tab portion in the plane view, and
wherein a second insulating member is arranged at the second sheet-shaped cell in a boundary between the first rectangle portion and the first tab portion in the plane view,
wherein the first insulating member is arranged at the first sheet-shaped cell in a vicinity of the second tab portion as to form an empty space gap between first sheet-shaped cell and the second sheet-shaped cell.

US Pat. No. 10,892,446

RECHARGEABLE BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A secondary battery, comprising:an electrode assembly including a separator between a first electrode plate and a second electrode plate;
a can housing the electrode assembly and including an opening;
a cap plate to seal the opening of the can and including a first terminal through hole;
an insulating plate on a lower surface of the cap plate and including a second terminal through hole;
a terminal plate on a lower surface of the insulating plate and including a third terminal through hole and a protrusion adjacent the third terminal through hole, the protrusion having a base at a surface the terminal plate and a distal surface spaced apart from the surface of the terminal plate, the distal surface having a continuous circular shape that surrounds the third terminal through hole, and
an electrode pin on an upper surface of the cap plate and inserted into the first, second, and third terminal through holes, and having a metallic material which has malleability, wherein:
the third terminal through hole has a continuous circular shape that surrounds the electrode pin,
the electrode pin includes an upper portion on the upper surface of the cap plate, an end portion, and a connecting portion that connects the upper portion and the end portion,
the connecting portion of the electrode pin has a cylindrical shape that is fully filled inside,
the end portion of the electrode pin directly contacts the surface of the terminal plate and the protrusion, and is formed from an end of the fully-filled connecting portion by a spinning method using the malleability of the metallic material such that the end portion continuously contacts the continuous circular shape of the distal surface of the protrusion,
the cap plate includes a first anchor and a second anchor protruding from the lower surface of the cap plate to fix a position of the insulating plate, the second anchor being larger than the first anchor and being positioned closer to the electrode pin than the first anchor,
the insulating plate includes a first recess at one end and a second recess at another end which receive the first anchor and the second anchor, respectively, and
the insulating plate includes an accommodation groove which has a size corresponding to a size of the terminal plate, and is formed in a lower surface of the insulating plate in order to accommodate the terminal plate.

US Pat. No. 10,892,348

METHOD OF ROUNDING FIN-SHAPED STRUCTURE

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...

1. A method of rounding fin-shaped structures, comprising:providing a substrate comprising fin-shaped structures, and pad oxide caps and pad nitride caps stacked from bottom to top covering top surfaces of the fin-shaped structures from bottom to top;
forming an isolation structure by filling in spaces between the fin-shaped structures;
performing a removing process to remove a top part of the isolation structure and expose the pad oxide caps, the pad nitride caps and top parts of the fin-shaped structures;
performing an oxidation process to oxidize sidewalls of the top parts of the fin-shaped structures, thereby forming oxidized parts covering sidewalls of the top parts of the fin-shaped structures;
removing the pad nitride caps;
and removing the pad oxide caps and the oxidized parts at the same time, thereby forming rounded fin-shaped structures;
forming an oxide layer conformally covering the isolation structure and the rounded fin-shaped structures;
performing an implantation process to form wells in the rounded fin-shaped structures;
and removing the oxide layer after the implantation process is performed.

US Pat. No. 10,892,061

PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR WITH UPPER VESSEL SECTION PROVIDING BOTH PRESSURE AND FLOW CONTROL

BWXT mPower, Inc., Charl...

1. A method comprising:installing a reactor coolant pump comprising a pump motor, a driveshaft, an impeller, and a mounting flange on a pressurized water reactor (PWR) comprising a pressure vessel assembly comprising a vessel body and a vessel head defining an integrated pressurizer volume secured thereto, and a nuclear reactor core disposed in the pressure vessel assembly, the installing including:
pre-assembling the pump motor, the driveshaft, the impeller, and the mounting flange outside of the pressure vessel assembly to form a pump assembly as a unit disposed outside of the pressure vessel assembly in which the pump motor is connected with the impeller by the driveshaft,
inserting the impeller and the driveshaft of the pump assembly through an opening of the vessel head while the pump motor remains outside of the pressure vessel assembly, and
securing the flange of the pump assembly to an outside of the vessel head to mount the pump assembly on the pressure vessel assembly,
wherein the inserting and securing mounts the pump assembly on the pressure vessel assembly with the drive shaft of the pump assembly oriented vertically so that no portion of the pump assembly is disposed in the pressurizer volume.

US Pat. No. 10,890,934

ENERGY CONTROL SYSTEM EMPLOYING AUTOMATED VALIDATION, ESTIMATION, AND EDITING RULES

Enel X North America, Inc...

1. An energy control system that performs validation, estimation, and editing (VEE) on interval-based energy consumption streams, the system comprising:a post VEE readings data stores, that provides tagged energy consumption data sets that are each associated with a corresponding one of said interval-based energy consumption streams, each of said tagged energy consumption data sets comprising groups of contiguous interval values tagged as having been validated, wherein said groups correspond to correct data;
a rules processor, that reads said post VEE readings data stores upon initiation of an event and, for said each of said tagged energy consumption data sets, that creates anomalies having different durations using only said groups of contiguous interval values, and that generates estimates for said anomalies by employing estimation techniques for each of said different durations and, for said each of said different durations, that selects a corresponding one of said estimation techniques for subsequent employment when performing VEE of subsequent energy consumption data associated with said each of said different durations for said corresponding one of said interval-based energy consumption streams;
a peak prediction element, coupled to said post VEE readings data stores and to weather stores, that receives post VEE readings and forecasted outside temperatures corresponding to the interval-based energy consumption streams, that estimates future cumulative energy consumption corresponding to the interval-based energy consumption streams, and that predicts a brown out time when said cumulative energy consumption exceeds a specified threshold; and
a peak controller, coupled to said peak prediction element, that receives said brown out time, wherein said peak controller triggers exceptional measures to manage said cumulative energy consumption in order to preclude a brown out, said exceptional measures comprising initializing one or more surge production plants.

US Pat. No. 10,890,643

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE RELATIVE DIRECTION OF AN RF TRANSMITTER

HISEP TECHNOLOGY LTD., Y...

1. A method to determine a relative direction of a target sound transmitter, performed by a direction finding (DF) system comprising a central unit having a processing module and at least a pair of sound sensors having a sound-wave-absorbing material between them, the method comprising;a. sending sound signals in which the target sound transmitter transmits sound signals received at each one of the sound sensors of the DF system;
b. measuring the signal strength of the target sound transmitter received at each sound sensor;
c. calculating the difference between the signal strength measured at each one of the sound sensors in the pair;
d. determining a relative direction of the target sound transmitter to be the direction of the sound sensor within the pair of sound sensors in which the stronger sound signal was measured.

US Pat. No. 10,890,641

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF ROBUST QUANTITATIVE SUSCEPTIBILITY MAPPING

Cornell University, Itha...

1. A method for generating one or more images of an object, the method comprising:receiving magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data obtained by a magnetic resonance scanner, wherein the MRI data is complex and comprises magnitude and phase information or real and imaginary information regarding tissue in the object, and Gaussian noise;
calculating a magnetic field experienced by the tissue in the object based on modeling the complex MRI data according to tissue composition;
identifying a region of interest in the tissue that has an approximately uniform susceptibility according to a characteristic feature, wherein the characteristic feature is low R2* value and the region of interest is determined by applying R2* thresholding and connectivity;
estimating a magnetic susceptibility distribution of the object based on the calculated magnetic field, wherein estimating the magnetic susceptibility distribution of the subject comprises:
determining a cost function, the cost function relating at least a data fidelity term associated with a likelihood function of the Gaussian noise in the MRI data, a first regularization term associated with a structure prior information, and a second regularization term associated with enforcing the approximately uniform susceptibility in the region of interest in the tissue; and
determining a magnetic susceptibility distribution based on minimizing the cost function; and
outputting, to a display device or to a storage device, one or more images of the object generated based on the determined magnetic susceptibility distribution.

US Pat. No. 10,890,636

DIAGNOSTIC TOOL FOR EM PERTURBATIONS IN MRI SYSTEMS

ASPECT IMAGING LTD., Sho...

1. A method for a magnetic resonance device to remove a perturbing cyclic electromagnetic signal included within a spin-echo spectrum measurement taken by the magnetic resonance device, the method comprising:acquiring, by the magnetic resonance device, a plurality of n 2D NMR spectra, each of said 2D NMR spectra having a ?TR axis, a ?? axis, and a different value of TR;
selecting, by the magnetic resonance device, a peak in each of said n NMR spectra, said peak having a peak value along said ?? axis, a peak value along said ?TR axis, and an area A(??, ?TR);
calculating, by the magnetic resonance device, for each n, possible frequencies of said peak along said ?TR axis;
eliminating, by the magnetic resonance device, results that do not match the peak value of said peak along said ?? axis, thereby obtaining ?;
determining the amplitude ? of said perturbing electromagnetic signal, comprising:
calculating ??=1(t?, tTR) from
where ?x=?(1+NTR?tTR/?t?);determining said amplitude ? from ??=1(t?, tTR);
removing, by the magnetic resonance device, said perturbing electromagnetic signal from the spin-echo measurement to obtain a spin-echo signal without the unwanted electromagnetic signal; and
producing, by the magnetic resonance device, at least one magnetic resonance image based on the obtained spin-echo signal.

US Pat. No. 10,890,633

PHASE-DOMAIN DETECTION APPARATUS FOR MIT APPLICATION AND METHOD THEREOF

Ulsan National Institute ...

1. A phase-domain detection apparatus for MIT application, comprising:a phase-locked loop unit configured to generate a plurality of reference clock signals having different phases; and
a phase-domain detection unit configured to receive the reference clock signals from the phase-locked loop unit, receive a response clock signal that is a phase-shifted reference clock signal of a reference clock signal inputted to and passed through a target object among the reference clock signals, and detect a phase difference between the reference clock signal inputted to the target object and the response clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,890,620

ON-CHIP EXECUTION OF IN-SYSTEM TEST UTILIZING A GENERALIZED TEST IMAGE

NVIDIA Corp., Santa Clar...

1. A device comprising:a first top controller for a system-on-a-chip;
a second top controller for a graphics processing unit;
the first top controller to retrieve test patterns for the second top controller from a test pattern storage memory, and to receive the test results from the second top controller;
the system-on-a-chip comprising a first plurality of functional logic blocks;
the graphics processing unit comprising a second plurality of functional logic blocks;
each of the functional logic blocks comprising a scan chain;
a plurality of first logic block controllers each associated with one or more of the first plurality of functional logic blocks and coordinated by the first top controller;
a plurality of second logic block controllers each associated with one or more of the second plurality of functional logic blocks and coordinated by the second top controller;
test logic to operate each top controller to load test patterns to the associated logic block controllers and to write test results back to the associated top controller after execution of the test patterns by the associated logic block controllers, the test patterns and test results both encoded in packet format; and
each logic block controller decoding and applying the test patterns to an associated scan chain.

US Pat. No. 10,890,602

UNIVERSAL PROBING ASSEMBLY WITH FIVE DEGREES OF FREEDOM

QualiTau, Inc., Santa Cl...

1. A universal probing assembly for parametric and reliability testing of devices on a semiconductor wafer, the assembly comprising:a switchable magnetic slab;
a probe head comprising four adjusting mechanisms, including for translation along a X-axis, a Y-axis, and a Z-axis, and for rotation about the Z-axis, wherein the X-axis, the Y-axis, and the Z-axis are perpendicular to one another;
a block comprising a tilt control mechanism for allowing tilting of the probe head perpendicular to a X-Y plane of the wafer, wherein the probe head is mounted to the block; and
an arm having a first end and a second end, wherein the first end is attached to the switchable magnetic slab and the second end is attached to the block, wherein the block can be attached to the arm using any one of three free side faces of the block, wherein each of the three free side faces is any side face of the block that is not an attachment side face on which the probe head is mounted.

US Pat. No. 10,890,563

DOWNHOLE TOOL WITH AN ULTRASONIC PROBE FOR MEASURING FLUID FLOW PROPERTIES

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A downhole tool for measuring flow properties of a multiphase fluid flowing axially along a subterranean borehole at a location within the subterranean borehole, the downhole tool comprising:at least one ultrasonic probe comprising:
at least one transducer unit having an ultrasound transmission/receiving surface which, in use, interfaces with the multiphase fluid, the transducer unit being configured to transmit ultrasonic acoustic waves into the multiphase fluid at the surface and to receive reflections of the acoustic waves from a liquid-to-liquid interface or liquid-to-gas interface of the multiphase fluid at the surface, the transducer unit further having at least one piezoelectric element for producing the acoustic waves, and the transducer unit being further configured to focus the transmitted acoustic waves into a focus volume located in the multiphase fluid, wherein the focus volume contains a position of maximum intensity of the transmitted acoustic waves, which position is spaced a distance of 50 mm or less from the surface;
an electronic controller configured to operate the transducer unit; and
a signal processor configured to measure properties of the multiphase fluid from the received reflected acoustic waves, the measured properties measured from the reflected liquid-to-liquid or liquid-to-gas interface acoustic waves including axial flow properties of the multiphase fluid at a location in the borehole and radially between the downhole tool and a solid surface.

US Pat. No. 10,890,562

TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETER

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A tandem mass spectrometer including: a first mass separator configured to select, as a precursor ion, an ion having a specific mass-to-charge ratio from ions originating from a sample; a collision cell configured to dissociate the precursor ion; and a second mass separator configured to perform a mass spectrometric analysis of various product ions generated by the dissociation, the tandem mass spectrometer further comprising:a) an analysis controller configured to control relevant sections so as to repeat, within a predetermined time range, a cycle in which a scan measurement that carries out a mass scan over a predetermined mass-to-charge-ratio range in the first mass separator or the second mass separator without dissociating the precursor ion within the collision cell and obtains data forming an MS spectrum, and a product-ion scan measurement that carries out a mass scan over a predetermined mass-to-charge-ratio range in the second mass separator while dissociating the precursor ion within the collision cell and obtains data forming an MS/MS spectrum, are each individually performed at least one time; and
b) a correction processor configured to correct a first mass-to-charge ratio of a product ion originating from a component in a target sample in the MS/MS spectrum obtained by carrying out the product-ion scan measurement for the component under the control of the analysis controller, using a second mass-to-charge ratio of an ion originating from a standard component whose mass is precisely known in the MS spectrum obtained by carrying out the scan measurement within the same cycle as the product-ion scan measurement concerned or by carrying out the last scan measurement before the cycle concerned.

US Pat. No. 10,890,560

FORMING NANOSCALE PORES IN A SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE UTILIZING NANOTUBES AS A SACRIFICIAL TEMPLATE

International Business Ma...

1. A method of forming a semiconductor structure, comprising:forming two or more catalyst nanoparticles from a metal layer disposed over a substrate in two or more openings of a hard mask patterned over the metal layer;
growing two or more carbon nanotubes using the catalyst nanoparticles;
removing the carbon nanotubes to form two or more nanoscale pores;
wherein forming the catalyst nanoparticles comprises performing a thermal anneal to form the catalyst nanoparticles from portions of the metal layer exposed by the patterned hard mask;
forming inner sidewall spacers covering exposed sidewalls of the metal layer and the patterned hard mask;
growing the carbon nanotubes using the catalyst nanoparticles, a diameter of the carbon nanotubes being controlled by a size of the catalyst nanoparticles;
filling an oxide over the patterned hard mask, the inner sidewall spacers, the carbon nanotubes and the catalyst nanoparticles; and
recessing the oxide to expose the catalyst nanoparticles.

US Pat. No. 10,890,553

SENSING DEVICE, SENSING APPARATUS AND SENSING SYSTEM

EPISTAR CORPORATION, Hsi...

1. A sensing device, comprising:a substrate made of an insulating material;
a first III-V compound stack in direct contact with the substrate and comprising a first semiconductor layer, and a second semiconductor layer formed on the first semiconductor layer; and
a second III-V compound stack in direct contact with the substrate, and comprising a third semiconductor layer, a fourth semiconductor layer formed on the third semiconductor layer,
wherein the first III-V compound stack is separated from the second III-V compound stack by a trench, the trench has a lowest end which is higher than bottom surfaces of the first semiconductor layer and the third semiconductor layer.

US Pat. No. 10,890,426

DETONATOR

DETNET SOUTH AFRICA (PTY)...

1. A detonator which includes a sensing arrangement, a timer which is operable to complete execution of a timing interval of a predetermined duration in response to the sensing arrangement, an energy source, an initiating element, a switching arrangement which, in response to a timing signal produced by the timer, is operable to connect the energy source to the initiating element thereby to cause firing of the initiating element, and a circuit which discharges energy from the energy source if the timing signal is not produced by the timer, and wherein the sensing arrangement is responsive to at least one of the following:(a) a light signal transmitted by a fibre optic cable;
(b) an acoustic signal transmitted by an acoustic transmitter;
(c) a vibratory signal;
(d) a magnetic signal; and
(e) a signal which is electrically transmitted by means of at least one electrical conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,890,391

ANTI-RATTLE BIASING DEVICES FOR FIREARMS

WHG Properties, LLC, Nor...

1. A lower receiver group for a firearm, the lower receiver group comprising:a lower receiver configured to mate with an upper receiver of the firearm; and
a biasing device positioned at least partly within a bore formed in the lower receiver, the biasing device comprising:
a spring configured to compress when the upper receiver is mated with lower receiver, and to exert opposing forces on the upper receiver and the lower receiver in response to the compression of the spring; and
a plunger comprising a first portion having a first diameter, a second portion having a second diameter greater than the first diameter, and a plunger lip that connects the first and second portions; wherein the spring is positioned at least partly within the plunger and urges the plunger in a first direction;
wherein the bore comprises a first portion configured to receive the first portion of the plunger and having a diameter approximately equal to the diameter of the first portion of the plunger; and a second portion configured to receive the second portion of the plunger and having a diameter approximately equal to the diameter of the second portion of the plunger; and
wherein the lower receiver comprises a lower receiver lip facing the second portion of the bore and configured to contact the plunger lip to limit movement of the plunger and the spring in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,890,369

REFRIGERATING AND FREEZING DEVICE

QINGDAO HAIER JOINT STOCK...

1. A refrigerating and freezing device, comprising:a cabinet body in which a storage compartment is provided, a first sealed space and a second sealed space being formed in the storage compartment; and
a nitrogen generation device comprising an adsorption device and an air compressor, wherein the air compressor supplies compressed air for the adsorption device in a controlled manner, the adsorption device is communicated with the first sealed space or the second sealed space in a controlled manner, and the nitrogen generation device is configured to:
supply the compressed air for the adsorption device, communicate the adsorption device with the first sealed space so as to enable the adsorption device to prepare nitrogen and to provide the prepared nitrogen for the first sealed space; and
communicate the adsorption device with the second sealed space after stopping supplying the compressed air for the adsorption device so as to enable the adsorption device to desorb an oxygen-enriched gas and to provide the desorbed oxygen-enriched gas for the second sealed space,
wherein the adsorption device further comprises:
a first barrel in which a first adsorption room and a nitrogen room that are isolated from each other are provided, and the nitrogen room being communicated with the first sealed space; and
a second barrel in which a second adsorption room and an air room that are isolated from each other are provided, wherein:
the air compressor is communicated with the air room through an air inlet pipe so as to supply the compressed air for the air room in a controlled manner;
carbon molecular sieves are disposed in the first adsorption room and the second adsorption room; the air room alternately supplies the compressed air for the first adsorption room and the second adsorption room in a controlled manner; when one of the first adsorption room and the second adsorption room adsorbs the oxygen-enriched gas to prepare nitrogen, the other thereof desorbs the carbon molecular sieves which have finished adsorption; the adsorption room that prepares the nitrogen is communicated with the nitrogen room; and the adsorption room that performs desorption is communicated with the second sealed space.

US Pat. No. 10,889,971

FLUSH MOUNTED BUILT-IN BODY FOR A SANITARY FITTING WITH AN AXIALLY ADJUSTABLE PUSH BUTTON

Grohe AG, Hemer (DE)

1. A flush-mounted body for a sanitary fitting, comprising:a mixer with a regulating nut that is rotatable about an axis of rotation;
a support plate with a hub;
a stop ring with a stop, the stop ring being carried by the hub of the support plate; and
a rotary knob to control the mixer,
wherein a rotational movement of the rotary knob is limited by the stop of the stop ring, and
wherein the rotary knob has a hollow shaft via which the rotary knob is non-rotatably coupled to the regulating nut and is adjustable in parallel with the axis of rotation of the regulating nut.

US Pat. No. 10,889,968

FLUSH-MOUNTED BOX FOR A FITTING BODY

Grohe AG, Hemer (DE)

1. A flush-mounted box for a fitting body, comprising:a housing including a receiving chamber for the fitting body, the housing having at least one detent area;
a fastening frame for fastening the flush-mounted box on a support, the fastening frame including at least one spring element, which may be engaged in the at least one detent area of the housing for fastening the fastening frame to the housing; and
at least one clip for securing the at least one spring element in the at least one detent area of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,889,485

DISPENSING SYSTEM INCLUDING A DISPENSING TAP AND AN INTEGRATED MEASURING CAP/CUP AND HOLDER

Silgan Dispensing Systems...

1. A dispensing system comprising:a dispensing tap including
a body,
a dispensing head, and
a throat connecting the body to the dispensing head and providing a flow path from the body to the dispensing head;
a cup-shaped cap having a bottom wall, side walls and an open top; and
an adapter removably received on the tap, said cap removably received on the adapter,
the tap and the adapter including interfitting structures which removably secure the adapter to the tap and allow the adapter and tap to rotate together,
the adapter and the cap including interfitting structures which removably secure the cap to the adapter and allow the cap and adapter to rotate together.

US Pat. No. 10,889,280

SPRING BRAKE ACTUATOR WITH DIAPHRAGM RETAINER

HALDEX BRAKE PRODUCTS COR...

1. A brake actuator assembly comprising:a pressure plate presenting an opening;
a push rod comprising a first end and a second end, the push rod coupled to the pressure plate at the first end, wherein the push rod comprises an outer surface and at least one protrusion extending outward from the outer surface;
a diaphragm that is coupled to the pressure plate; and
a retainer that engages the protrusion, wherein at least a portion of the diaphragm is positioned between the pressure plate and the retainer, the retainer presenting a retainer opening that receives a portion of the push rod, wherein the outer surface of the push rod at the first end has an outer diameter that is less than an inner diameter of the retainer opening.

US Pat. No. 10,888,491

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TREATING TISSUE

LUMENIS LTD., Yokneam (I...

1. A cosmetic method of treating areas of a skin of a person, comprising:providing a vacuum chamber having a vacuum pump, including an opening configured to face an area of a skin surface;
providing two parallel, cylindrical rollers, each having an outer surface and is disposed near opposing sides of the opening of the vacuum chamber and configured to make contact with the skin, at least a portion of the outer surface of at least one of the rollers being electrically conductive,
providing a non-optical energy source configured to provide an amount of non-optical energy from the at least one of the rollers to the skin;
providing an optical energy source configured to emit optical energy on the skin disposed within the vacuum chamber;
providing a pressure sensor configured to sense an air pressure in the vacuum chamber; and
providing a system controller operably connected to the pressure sensor, the optical energy source and the non-optical energy source and configured to activate an application of non-optical energy transmitted to the at least one of the rollers to the skin and to cause the optical energy source to emit optical energy onto the skin based on the air pressure in the vacuum chamber;
the method comprising the steps of:
(a) placing the vacuum chamber against the skin of the person;
(b) changing the air pressure inside the vacuum chamber using the vacuum pump;
(c) wherein, when the pressure sensor senses the air pressure inside the vacuum chamber to be at less than a predetermined value, the system controller causes the non-optical energy source to transmit the non-optical energy, and the optical energy source to emit the optical energy on the skin.

US Pat. No. 10,888,094

PESTICIDAL ACTIVE MIXTURES COMPRISING ISOXAZOLINE COMPOUNDS I

BASF SE, Ludwigshafen (D...

1. A pesticidal mixture comprising1) an isoxazoline compound I of formula C.I.240:

or a salt thereof, and
2) at least one active compound II comprising abamectin.
US Pat. No. 10,888,500

PARTICLE SIZE STABILIZATION PROCESS

INKE, S.A., Castellbisba...

1. A process for obtaining stable glycopyrronium bromide, comprising the following steps:a) micronizing glycopyrronium bromide to obtain a particle size distribution (PSD) characterized by a D90 of equal to or below about 10 ?m; and
b) curing the micronized glycopyrronium bromide by maintaining the product for at least 2 hours at a temperature of between 125° C. and 160° C.;
wherein the micronization of glycopyrronium bromide in step a) is carried out in the absence of excipients and other active ingredients; and
wherein the curing step b) is carried out under a pressure of below 1 atm.
US Pat. No. 10,889,881

ALUMINUM ALLOY PIPE WITH SUPERIOR CORROSION RESISTANCE AND PROCESSABILITY, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

UACJ CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An aluminum alloy pipe produced by porthole extrusion, the aluminum alloy pipe comprising: Mg at a concentration equal to or higher than 0.7% (mass %, the same applies to the following) and lower than 1.5%; Ti at a concentration higher than 0% and equal to or lower than 0.15%; with the balance being Al and unavoidable impurities, as the unavoidable impurities, Si having a limited concentration of 0.20% or lower, Fe having a limited concentration of 0.20% or lower, Cu having a limited concentration of 0.05% or lower, Mn having a limited concentration of 0.10% or lower, Cr having a limited concentration of 0.10% or lower, and Zn having a limited concentration of 0.10% or lower, whereindifference between a maximum value and a minimum value of the concentration of Mg in a lengthwise direction of the pipe is 0.2% or lower, and an average crystal grain size in a cross-section perpendicular to the lengthwise direction of the pipe is 300 ?m or smaller.
US Pat. No. 10,888,099

GRANULATION OF A STEVIA SWEETENER

PURECIRCLE SDN BHD., Kua...

1. A method for producing a sweetener comprising the steps of:A) providing a Stevia sweetener powder;
B) reducing the particle size of the Stevia sweetener powder to a particle size of less than 260 ?m;
C) treating the Stevia sweetener powder under reduced pressure of between about 0 mbar to 100 mbar and an elevated temperature of between about 90-130° C.;
D) cooling down the treated Stevia sweetener powder to a low temperature of about 25° C.; and
E) holding the cooled Stevia sweetener powder at the low temperature to obtain a high solubility Stevia sweetener powder with an increased solubility of at least about 1 g per 100 g of water at ambient temperature; and
F) introducing the high solubility Stevia sweetener powder to a roll compaction apparatus to produce a compacted material; introducing the compacted material to a size reducing apparatus to obtain a granule mixture; and fractionating the granule mixture to obtain a granulated Stevia sweetener having a particle size ranging from about 140 ?m to about 680 ?m and having a dissolution rate greater than a dissolution rate of the high solubility Stevia powder.

US Pat. No. 10,893,640

COMPONENT PICKUP APPARATUS

HANWHA PRECISION MACHINER...

1. A component pickup apparatus comprising:a component pickup unit comprising a plurality of nozzles arranged in a same row that extends linearly in a first direction, each of the plurality of nozzles configured to suck a component;
a light emitter configured to emit light toward side faces of the plurality of nozzles in a second direction that is perpendicular to the first direction;
an image splitter configured to receive images of the plurality of nozzles, generated by the light, simultaneously, and configured to split the images of the plurality of nozzles into different image groups; and
an image capturer configured to capture an image outputted from the image splitter,
wherein the image splitter is configured to guide an image of a first group of the image groups to a first row of the image capturer and guide an image of a second group of the image groups to a second row of the image capturer.

US Pat. No. 10,893,639

COMPONENT MOUNTING USING FEEDBACK CORRECTION

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A component mounting system comprising:a component mounter that mounts components on a board;
a mounting controller that controls a mounting operation of mounting the components on the board, the mounting operation being performed by the component mounter;
a positional deviation amount acquisition unit that acquires a positional deviation amount of each of the components mounted on the board by the component mounter, from a corresponding normal position; and
a correction value calculator that calculates a feedback correction value for correcting the mounting operation performed by the component mounter, based on the positional deviation amount acquired by the positional deviation amount acquisition unit,
wherein the correction value calculator calculates the feedback correction value, based on the positional deviation amount of each of components mounted in each of a plurality of division areas on the board, for each of the plurality of division areas, and
wherein the mounting controller corrects the mounting operation performed by the component mounter by using the feedback correction value of the plurality of division areas in which the components are mounted,
wherein:
the positional deviation amount acquisition unit is further configured to determine whether a predetermined number of positional deviation amounts for each division area have been collected; and
the correction value calculator is further configured to, when the predetermined number of positional deviation amounts for each division area have been collected, obtain the feedback correction value by calculating an average value of the predetermined number of positional deviation amounts for each division area.

US Pat. No. 10,893,636

METHOD FOR FORMING A PICKUP AREA OF A BOARD LEVEL SHIELD

Laird Technologies Inc., ...

1. A method comprising raising a pickup area of a pickup member including one or more arms extending between the pickup area and one or more sidewalls of a frame of a board level shield (BLS), such that the pickup area is raised relative to and above an upper surface of the one or more sidewalls of the frame, and such that the pickup area rotates in place as the pickup area is raised relative to and above the upper surface of the one or more sidewalls, wherein raising the pickup area comprises rotating the pickup area in an X-Y plane such that the pickup area is moved in a Z direction relative to the upper surface of the one or more sidewalls without moving a location of the pickup area in either the X or Y directions.

US Pat. No. 10,893,635

HIGH FREQUENCY POWER CIRCUIT MODULE

Murata Manufacturing Co.,...

1. A high frequency power circuit module comprising:an electronic circuit substrate including a bending section;
a high frequency power circuit formed on the electronic circuit substrate;
a battery electrically connected to the high frequency power circuit; and
a magnetic material layer having a projected area larger than a projected area of the battery,
wherein the battery is covered with the magnetic material layer in a state in which the electronic circuit substrate is bent at the bending section,
the high frequency power circuit module further includes a material to fill a space between the high frequency power circuit and at least one of the battery and the magnetic material layer, and
the material has a thermal resistance lower than a thermal resistance of air, and thermally couples the high frequency power circuit and at least one of the battery and the magnetic material layer.

US Pat. No. 10,893,634

CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM

United Services Automobil...

1. A climate control system for electronic equipment, comprising:an electronic equipment room including a plurality of peripheral walls defining a chamber configured to receive a plurality of pieces of electronic equipment and having one or more interior partitions dividing the chamber into two or more subchambers; and
a cooling system configured to provide the two or more subchambers with different levels of cooling;
wherein at least one partition of the one or more interior partitions is movable from a first position defining a first subchamber to a second position defining a second subchamber in a different area of the room than the first subchamber;
wherein the first subchamber is cooled by a first heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) unit and the second subchamber is cooled by second HVAC unit; and
wherein the system is configured to use the first HVAC unit to provide backup cooling to the area that is enclosable to form the second subchamber and to use the second HVAC unit to provide backup cooling to the area that is enclosable to form the first subchamber.

US Pat. No. 10,893,632

EQUIPMENT ENCLOSURE FREE-AIR COOLING ASSEMBLY WITH INDEXING PRE-SCREEN

Diversified Control, Inc....

1. An equipment enclosure free air cooling assembly, comprising:an air outlet arranged to deliver air that has passed completely through said free air cooling assembly to inside an interior equipment chamber of an equipment enclosure;
an air inlet arranged to receive said air from outside said equipment enclosure;
an air flow pathway through which said air entering said air inlet must pass to reach said air outlet;
a primary air filter removably disposed in said air flow pathway, said primary air filter being configured to filter dust from said air;
an adjustable screen assembly having a screen filter element disposed upstream of said primary air filter in said air flow pathway;
an adjustment mechanism operable to selectively utilize different regions of said screen filter element for filtering said air passing through said air flow pathway at different times;
said screen filter element being a secondary air filter configured to perform pre-screening to remove large particulates from said air before it reaches said primary air filter while passing said dust to said primary air filter, said large particulates being larger in size than said dust filtered by said primary air filter, thereby extending a useful service life of said primary air filter; and
said free air cooling assembly being operable to receive said air from outside said equipment enclosure into said air inlet, pass said air through said adjustable screen assembly and said primary air filter via said air flow pathway, and deliver said air that has passed through said adjustable screen assembly and said primary air filter through said air outlet to inside said interior equipment chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,893,631

LIQUID COOLING DEVICE COMBINED ON GRAPHICS CARD

Cooler Master Co., Ltd., ...

1. A liquid cooling device, configured for heat source attachment, comprising:a heat dissipating assembly forming a first flow path, comprising:
a plate comprising:
a connecting surface, comprising:
a connecting portion, configured for heat source attachment; and
at least one groove, configured for accommodating electronic components protruding from an upper surface of a main body of a heat source; and
a sinking surface, opposite the connecting surface, comprising:
a plurality of fins corresponding to the connecting portion; and
a protrusion portion corresponding to the at least one groove; and
a cover, securely mounted on the sinking surface, comprising two separate stepping openings communicating with two separate passages, respectively,
wherein the two separate stepping openings correspond to the protrusion portion corresponding to the at least one groove, and the protrusion portion and two separate stepping openings form two separate flowing spaces, and
wherein the first flow path is formed between the plate and the cover, and flows through the intervals of the plurality of fins and two separate flowing spaces of the two separate stepping openings and two separate passages, respectively; and
a pump assembly forming a second flow path communicating with the first flow path via the two separate passages, respectively, securely mounted on the heat dissipating assembly and juxtaposing the heat dissipating assembly,
wherein the formation of the two separate flowing spaces increases a vertical height of the first flow path to the two separate passages communicating with the second flow path of the pump assembly, respectively, enlarging a vertical height of the pump assembly for housing of a larger pump assembly and permitting accommodation of the at least one groove, configured for accommodating electronic components protruding from the upper surface of the main body of the heat source.

US Pat. No. 10,893,630

PUMPS WITH PRE-CHARGED FLUID

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A pump, comprising:a first valve connected to an inlet of the pump by a first clip;
a second valve connected to an outlet of the pump by a second clip; and
a compression release mechanism to relieve compression forces generated on a fluid included in the pump in response to the pump being connected to a manifold, wherein the compression release mechanism comprises a discharge pipe connected to the outlet of the pump, wherein the discharge pipe slides linearly relative to the outlet of the pump to relieve the compression forces generated on the fluid in response to the pump being connected to the manifold;
wherein the pump is pre-charged with the fluid such that when the pump is connected to a system under pressure, vapors and/or gasses are not introduced into the system under pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,893,629

LIQUID IMMERSION TANK AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A liquid immersion tank comprising:a first tank configured to store coolant to cool an electronic device provided in the first tank;
a first plate horizontally disposed below the electronic device and configured to include a plurality of straightening holes that penetrate through the first plate in a vertical direction; and
a second plate disposed below the first plate and configured to be movable from an overlap position overlapped by the first plate to a spaced position where the second plate is disposed below the first plate and spaced from the first plate, the second plate including a plurality of flow adjusting holes that are formed at positions respectively aligned with the plurality of straightening holes and that penetrate through the second plate in the vertical direction,
wherein, in a region where the first plate overlaps the second plate, a total opening area of the plurality of flow adjusting holes is smaller than a total opening area of the plurality of straightening holes.

US Pat. No. 10,893,628

CIRCUIT BOARD COOLING

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A circuit board cooling system comprising:a cooling unit comprising at least two fans configured to generate air flow to cool a portion of a circuit board, the cooling unit configured to operate according to an operating configuration;
a plurality of pressure sensors configured to measure air pressure data at their respective locations, the plurality of pressure sensors comprising:
a first pressure sensor located between the portion of the circuit board and the cooling unit and configured to measure air pressure data at a location of the first pressure sensor; and
a second pressure sensor located such that the portion of the circuit board is between the second pressure sensor and the cooling unit, the second pressure sensor configured to measure air pressure data at a location of the second pressure sensor; and
a sensor processing unit coupled with the plurality of pressure sensors and configured to:
obtain the air pressure data measured by the plurality of pressure sensors; and
adjust the operating configuration of the cooling unit based on a cooling specification and a comparison of the obtained air pressure data measured by the first pressure sensor and the second pressure sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,893,626

INFORMATION HANDLING SYSTEM HAVING SYNCHRONIZED POWER LOSS DETECTION ARMED STATE

Dell Products, L.P., Rou...

1. An information handling system comprising:a first chassis management controller including first monitoring circuitry to monitor a plurality of power supply units, and based on the monitoring of the power supply units, to provide a first signal;
a second chassis management controller including second monitoring circuitry to monitor the power supply units, and based on the monitoring of the power supply units, to provide a second signal; and
a server including status circuitry to communicate with the first and second chassis management controllers, during a boot operation of the server, the status circuitry to: detect the first signal from the first chassis management controller; detect the second signal from the second chassis management controller; determine whether a server persistent memory criteria has been met based on the first and second signals; and in response to the server persistent memory criteria being met, arm the server in a persistent memory mode, otherwise set persistent memory of the server in a read only mode.

US Pat. No. 10,893,625

ELECTRONIC MACHINE

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. An electronic machine comprising:a casing body having an electronic circuit board insertion port on one surface;
a plurality of electronic circuit boards each including: a circuit board, on which electronic components are mounted; and a front panel connected to the circuit board and having a first conductive side portion located in a longitudinal direction side portion and a second conductive side portion located opposite to the first conductive side portion, the plurality of electronic circuit boards being inserted in parallel through the electronic circuit board insertion port of the casing body with gaps between the front panels adjacent to each other; and
a conduction device having a first bridge body, and in electronic circuit boards adjacent to each other in the plurality of electronic circuit boards, the first bridge body electrically conducting the first conductive side portion of the front panel in one electronic circuit board of the electronic circuit boards adjacent to each other and the second conductive side portion of the front panel in another electronic circuit board that faces the first conductive side portion via a gap,
wherein each of the plurality of electronic circuit boards has a plurality of engagement portions on the first conductive side portion and the second conductive side portion along the longitudinal direction, the conduction means has a plurality of first bridge bodies, and each of the first bridge bodies is a conductive plate having: one end screwed to a selected engagement portion of a plurality of engagement portions provided on the first conductive side portion of the front panel in one electronic circuit board of electronic circuit boards adjacent to each other and another end screwed to a selected engagement portion of a plurality of engagement portions provided on the second conductive side portion of the front panel in another electronic circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,893,624

ASSEMBLY COMPRISING A MODULE COMPRISING ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT ITEMS, AND AN ASSOCIATED SUPPORTING STRUCTURE

Airbus Operations (S.A.S....

1. An assembly comprising a module comprising electronic equipment items, and an associated supporting structure, wherein the supporting structure comprises at least two vertical structural elements having a front face and a rear face, the supporting structure comprising at least one plate comprising an electrical interface configured to receive an electrical interface of the module, the module comprising fixing device(s) configured to fix the module onto the front face of the at least two vertical structural elements,wherein the module comprises a receiver configured to house the fixing device(s), the receiver comprising a cavity extending longitudinally between the front face and the rear face of the module, and
wherein the at least one plate is disposed between the at least two vertical structural elements at the front face of the vertical structural elements.

US Pat. No. 10,893,623

LEAKTIGHT ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF OBTAINING SAME

1. A method for obtaining a leaktight electronic device, comprising:a) placing an electronic module inside a mold;
b) keeping said electronic module away from the walls of said mold with the aid of holding lugs that each have an end which protrudes toward the inside of the mold;
c) injecting into said mold a thermoplastic material designed to harden so as to form a leaktight shell, said holding lugs retracting toward the outside of the mold during the injection of said thermoplastic material,
wherein at least one electronic subassembly of the electronic module placed inside the mold in step a) is encapsulated in a flexible shell, and
wherein said flexible shell deforms while said thermoplastic material hardens.

US Pat. No. 10,893,621

DYNAMICALLY BENDABLE DISPLAY DEVICE

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A dynamically bendable display device, comprising:a first screen comprising a first display surface and a first connecting end disposed at an edge of the first display surface, a bending area disposed between the first connecting end and the first display surface of the first screen, and a plurality of cylinders arranged in parallel with each other and disposed in the bending area;
wherein the plurality of cylinders are enabled to move to push against or spread apart from each other by an external force applied to the first screen, so that the first screen is dynamically bendable, wherein the first screen further comprises a chamber disposed in the bending area, the cylinders are disposed in the chamber and connected to a side wall of the chamber facing the second screen, and
the dynamically bendable display device further comprising at least a resilient connecting element, and the resilient connecting element comprising a connecting rod and two enlarged heads disposed at two ends of the connecting rod, respectively, wherein each of the cylinders is a hollow cylinder having at least an opening on a side wall of the cylinder, and the enlarged heads of the resilient connecting element are inserted into the openings of adjacent two of the cylinders.

US Pat. No. 10,893,620

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a display panel; and
a wiring board comprising a flexible base, a terminal electrically connected to the display panel, an IC chip, a wiring line which electrically connects the terminal and the IC chip,
the base comprising a first surface on which the IC chip and the terminal are provided, a second surface on an opposite side to the first surface, and a concavity in the second surface between the IC chip and the terminal,
the wiring board is mounted on the display panel and is bent so that the wiring board is opposed to a rear surface side of the display panel, and
the concavity is provided in the portion of the wiring board which is bent.

US Pat. No. 10,893,619

BACKLIGHT UNIT AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A backlight unit, comprising:a light guide plate having a curved surface; and
a light source unit disposed at one side of the light guide plate and bent to correspond to the curved surface,
wherein the light source unit includes a printed circuit board and a plurality of light sources mounted on the printed circuit board,
wherein the printed circuit board includes a plurality of first areas and a second area disposed between adjacent first areas, wherein the plurality of light sources is arranged on the plurality of first areas, and
wherein the second area is more flexible than the first areas.

US Pat. No. 10,893,618

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING MULTILAYER SUBSTRATE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A method for manufacturing a multilayer substrate, comprising:forming a first conductor pattern by plating on a first surface of a first resin substrate more thickly than a second conductor pattern formed by plating on a second surface, opposite to the first surface, of the first resin substrate, forming a third conductor pattern by plating on a third surface, facing the second surface, of a second resin substrate, and forming a fourth conductor pattern by plating on a fourth surface, opposite to the third surface, of the second resin substrate; and
after forming the first to fourth conductor patterns by plating, laminating and thermocompression-bonding together a plurality of layers including the first resin substrate, the second resin substrate, and a bonding layer including no conductor pattern while holding the bonding layer between the second surface of the first resin substrate and the third surface of the second resin substrate, and locating the first conductor pattern on the first surface closer to one outermost layer.

US Pat. No. 10,893,617

MULTILAYER SUBSTRATE AND ANTENNA MODULE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A multilayer substrate, comprising: a plurality of insulator layers laminated; and a column conductor extending through two or more of the plurality of insulator layers, wherein the column conductor includes a first via conductor extending through a first insulator layer, a second via conductor extending through a second insulator layer adjacent to the first insulator layer, each of the first via conductor and the second via conductor has a tapered shape in which a cross section decreases from one end portion to another end portion in a lamination direction of the plurality of insulator layers, and the first via conductor and the second via conductor are directly bonded to each other at large diameter portions that are end portions with a large cross section, the multilayer substrate further includes a pattern conductor connected to a small diameter portion of the first via conductor or a small diameter portion of the second via conductor, and a width of the pattern conductor is smaller than a diameter of one, to which the pattern conductor is connected, of the large diameter portion of the first via conductor and the large diameter portion of the second via conductor, and wherein the width of the pattern conductor is smaller than or equal to a diameter of one, to which the pattern conductor is connected, of the small diameter portion of the first via conductor and the small diameter portion of the second via conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,893,616

MULTILAYER PRINTED WIRING BOARD PRODUCTION METHOD, ADHESIVE LAYER-EQUIPPED METAL FOIL, METAL-CLAD LAMINATE, AND MULTILAYER PRINTED WIRING BOARD

Showa Denko Materials Co....

1. A method of producing a multi-layered printed wiring board, comprising the following steps 1 to 3:Step 1: a step of laminating a multilayer structure comprising, in order, a support, a metal foil and an organic adhesive layer, on a substrate with an inner layer circuit via an organic insulating resin layer, with the organic insulating resin layer being provided between the organic adhesive layer and the substrate with an inner layer circuit, the inner layer circuit having a thickness of 10 to 30 ?m, the metal foil having a thickness of 3 ?m or less and 1/10 to ? relative to the thickness of the inner layer circuit, and the organic adhesive layer having a thickness of 1 to 10 ?m, and then releasing the support to form a laminated sheet (a) having the metal foil as an outer layer metal foil layer;
Step 2: a step of irradiating the laminated sheet (a) with a laser to bore the outer layer metal foil layer, the organic adhesive layer, and the organic insulating resin layer to form a bored laminated sheet (b) having a blind via hole; and
Step 3: a step of forming an outer layer circuit connected with the inner layer circuit through the following steps 3-1 to 3-4;
Step 3-1: a step of removing the outer layer metal foil layer of the bored laminated sheet (b) formed in the step 2 by etching and then forming an outer layer copper layer having a thickness of 0.1 to 2 ?m on the bored laminated sheet (b);
Step 3-2: a step of forming a resist pattern by a resist applied on the outer layer copper layer;
Step 3-3: a step of forming a circuit layer on the surface of the outer layer copper layer on which the resist pattern is not formed, by electrolytic copper plating; and
Step 3-4: a step of removing the resist pattern and then removing the exposed outer layer copper layer by etching, thereby forming an outer layer circuit connected with the inner layer circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,893,614

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A COMPOSITE MATERIAL COMPONENT WITH AN INTEGRATED ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR CIRCUIT

AIRBUS OPERATIONS GMBH, ...

1. A method for producing a composite material component with an integrated electrical conductor circuit, comprising:a) applying the electrical conductor circuit to a surface of a support,
b) applying a thermally activatable adhesive to the conductor circuit with a print head, wherein a position of the print head can be controlled in order to follow a profile of elements or conductor tracks of the conductor circuit,
c) placing the surface of the support, which surface is provided with the conductor circuit, onto a component blank composed of composite material which is still to be cured, and
d) curing the component blank in an autoclave at a temperature above the activation temperature of the adhesive, so that the adhesive is activated and adhesively bonds the conductor circuit to the component.

US Pat. No. 10,893,613

MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A manufacturing method for a printed circuit board, comprising:laminating a metal film on an insulating layer, the metal film comprising a first metal layer comprising one or more jagged surface having a roughness formed by peaks between valleys, and a second metal layer comprising a first surface in contact with the first metal layer and a second surface in contact with a surface of the insulating layer;
pressing the metal film toward the insulating layer such that the roughness is transferred to the surface of the insulating layer;
removing the first metal layer such that the first surface of the second metal layer is exposed; and
treating the first surface of the second metal layer with an acidic solution such that at least a portion of the second metal layer is removed from the surface of the insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,893,611

CIRCUIT ASSEMBLY AND ELECTRICAL JUNCTION BOX

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A circuit assembly comprising:a substrate with an electrically conducting path;
a plurality of plate-shaped busbars that each have a connection portion connected to the electrically conducting path of the substrate, and are arranged in an orientation in which plate surfaces of the plate-shaped busbars intersect with a surface of the substrate;
a heat discharge member that is laid on a side of the substrate opposite to the busbars, and is configured to discharge heat of the substrate; and
a resin frame that extends along the plurality of busbars, and holds the plurality of busbars while being in intimate contact with the plurality of busbars,
wherein the frame includes an outer frame portion that holds the busbars while being in intimate contact with the busbars, and an inner frame portion that is coupled to the inner side of the outer frame portion, and holds another busbar different from the busbars held by the outer frame portion while being in intimate contact with the other busbar, and
the outer frame portion includes a mounting portion mounted on at least either the substrate or the heat discharge member.

US Pat. No. 10,893,610

SWITCHING DEVICE DRIVING UNIT

Mitsubishi Electric Corno...

10. A switching device driving unit comprising:a circuit board which has a circuit pattern;
a semiconductor switching element which is connected with the circuit board and is composed of wideband gap semiconductor;
a cooling device which cools the semiconductor switching element and is electrically insulated from the semiconductor switching element; and
a driver which drives the semiconductor switching element,
wherein the driver is surface mounted on a second face of the circuit board, which opposes a first face of the circuit board on which the cooling device is disposed, and is electrically insulated from the cooling device,
wherein the semiconductor switching element has a main body portion of plate like shape and a lead which extends in a linear fashion from a side face of the main body portion, and
the lead is inserted from the first face side into a through hole which penetrates the circuit board, and is attached to the circuit board, and
the main body portion extends in a normal direction of the first face, at the first face side of the circuit board, and
the cooling device is attached to one side cooling surface of the main body portion,
a protruding portion of the lead which protrudes from the through hole to the second face side is connected to a terminal of the driver via a connection pattern provided in the second face.

US Pat. No. 10,893,609

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT WITH LAMINATED MAGNETIC CORE INDUCTOR INCLUDING A FERROMAGNETIC ALLOY

Ferric Inc., New York, N...

1. A microelectronic device comprising:a semiconductor integrated circuit, wherein said semiconductor integrated circuit comprises a multilevel wiring network, wherein said semiconductor integrated circuit operates with a plurality of DC supply voltages; and
a DC to DC voltage converter which delivers at least one of said DC supply voltages for said semiconductor integrated circuit, said DC to DC voltage converter comprising an inductor, and wherein said inductor is integrated thereinto said multilevel wiring network, wherein said inductor comprises a planar magnetic core and a conductive winding, wherein said conductive winding turns around in generally spiral manner on the outside of said planar magnetic core, said planar magnetic core having a laminated configuration comprising at least one magnetic layer and at least one current rectifying layer, wherein the at least one magnetic layer comprises a ferromagnetic alloy having an iron composition of about 10 atomic percent to about 90 atomic percent,
wherein:
the at least one current rectifying layer comprises a p-type semiconductor, the p-type semiconductor having a first work function less than a second work function of the ferromagnetic alloy, and
the laminated configuration further comprises an interface metal layer disposed on said p-type semiconductor, the interface layer having a work function less than said first work function of said p-type semiconductor.

US Pat. No. 10,893,608

FABRIC HAVING MULTIPLE LAYERED CIRCUIT THEREON INTEGRATING WITH ELECTRONIC DEVICES

National Taipei Universit...

1. A fabric having a multiple layered circuit thereon integrating with an electronic device, comprising:a base layer formed of a spacer fabric coated with thermoplastic resins;
a plurality of conductive circuit layers, formed on the base layer;
at least one connecting layer, comprising a plurality of via-holes made of a conductive material and a plurality of electrically insulated regions made of an insulating material and being positioned between any two adjacent conductive circuit layers of the plurality of conductive circuit layers wherein the via-holes electrically connect the two adjacent conductive circuit layers and the electrically insulated regions are distributed in areas other than the via-holes of the connecting layer;
at least one electronic device, mounted on and electrically connected to a circuit of the conductive circuit layer through an anisotropic conductive film; and
a waterproof layer, formed on the conductive circuit layer farthest away from the base layer;
wherein the anisotropic conductive film has a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface, the at least one electronic device is disposed on the first surface, all of the conductive circuit layers and the at least one connecting layer are disposed on the second surface and located between the anisotropic conductive film and the base layer, and at least one of the via-holes is in direct contact with one of the conductive circuit layers and in direct contact with the second surface of the anisotropic conductive film; and
wherein the absolute value of the difference between the thermal expansion coefficient of the material constituting the conductive circuit layer and the thermal expansion coefficient of the insulating material constituting the electrically insulated region of the connecting layer is less than 20% of the thermal expansion coefficient of the insulating material; and the absolute value of the difference between the thermal expansion coefficient of the insulating material of the connecting layer and the thermal expansion coefficient of the conductive material of the connecting layer is less than 20% of the thermal expansion coefficient of the insulating material of the connecting layer; the absolute value of the difference between the thermal expansion coefficient of the anisotropic conductive film and the thermal expansion coefficient of the insulating material of the connecting layer is less than 20% of the thermal expansion coefficient of the insulating material of the connecting layer.

US Pat. No. 10,893,607

MICROCAPSULE, SHEET MATERIAL, CIRCUIT BOARD, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CIRCUIT BOARD, AND COMPUTER READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A circuit board comprising:a base layer; and
a thermally expandable layer disposed on the base layer, the thermally expandable layer having a not-expanding region and an expanding region, the not-expanding region defining an insulating region of a circuit, the expanding region defining a conducting region of the circuit, and the thermally expandable layer including a plurality of microcapsules and a binder having an insulating property,
wherein:
each of the plurality of microcapsules includes (i) a shell including a conducting component and (ii) a thermally expandable component contained in the shell and having a property of expanding by heating, and
the shell of a first microcapsule in the expanding region, from among the plurality of microcapsules, is deformable in accordance with expansion of the thermally expandable component of the first microcapsule by heating so as to come into contact with the shell of a second microcapsule of the plurality of microcapsules.

US Pat. No. 10,893,606

DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING CUTOUT PORTION AT FOLDING AXIS

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel which receives a signal to display an image, the display panel comprising:
a substrate foldable about a folding axis of the display device, and
a pad portion which is on the substrate, at which the signal is provided to the display panel from outside thereof, the pad portion provided in plurality comprising a first pad portion and a second pad portion respectively disposed at opposing sides of the folding axis; and
a flexible printed circuit film through which the signal is provided to the display panel from the outside thereof, the flexible printed circuit film commonly attached to the first pad portion and the second pad portion of the display panel to overlap an edge of the display panel,
wherein the flexible printed circuit film which overlaps the edge of the display panel defines a cut-out portion of the flexible printed circuit film which is located on an extension line of the folding axis of the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,893,605

TEXTURED TEST PADS FOR PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD TESTING

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A printed circuit board comprising a substrate and at least one electrical circuit provided at least partially on a surface layer of the printed circuit board, the electrical circuit comprising an electrical trace that is in electrical connection with a test pad provided for accessibility on the surface layer, the test pad being sized and shaped for probing to test an aspect of the circuit, the test pad having a conductive probe surface that is structured to provide at least one vertical surface that extends from the probe surface toward the surface layer and thus providing an edge between the vertical surface and the probe surface, the probe surface having a coating of a material to cover and protect the conductive probe surface from corrosion, the coating comprising a material that is at least partially dielectric.

US Pat. No. 10,893,604

POTTED PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD MODULE AND METHODS THEREOF

Goodrich Corporation, Ch...

1. A cargo loading system, comprising:a power drive unit (PDU) including a housing; and
a potted printed circuit board module, comprising:
an enclosure coupled to the housing;
a printed circuit board assembly disposed in the enclosure, the printed circuit board assembly comprising a plurality of electrical components in electrical communication with the PDU;
a dielectric sheet disposed adjacent to the enclosure, the enclosure and the dielectric sheet defining a cavity; and
a potting component disposed in the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,893,601

HEAT DISSIPATION CIRCUIT BOARD

MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORP...

1. A heat dissipation circuit board comprising:a metal substrate;
an insulating layer which is disposed on at least one surface of the metal substrate; and
a circuit layer which is disposed on a surface of the insulating layer opposite to the metal substrate,
wherein the insulating layer includes a resin formed of a polyimide, a polyamide-imide, or a mixture thereof, and ceramic particles,
the ceramic particles are a mixture of one or two or more kinds selected from silica particles, alumina particles, titanium oxide particles, alumina-doped silica particles, and alumina hydrate particles,
at least some of the ceramic particles form agglomerates, aggregates or a particle assembly,
an amount of the ceramic particles is in a range of 5 vol % to 60 vol %,
a mass average molecular weight of the resin is 100,000 to 500,000,
a specific surface area of the ceramic particles is 50 m2/g to 300 m2/g,
a BET diameter of the ceramic particles is 1 nm to 200 nm,
an average particle diameter of the agglomerates, the aggregates or the particle assembly is 5 times to 100 times the BET diameter, and
the average particle diameter of the agglomerates, the aggregates or the particle assembly is a value of Dv50 measured by a laser diffraction type particle size distribution measuring device in an ultrasonic dispersion state of the ceramic particles in an NMP solvent together with a dispersant.

US Pat. No. 10,893,600

HIGH PERFORMANCE INDUCTION PLASMA TORCH

TEKNA PLASMA SYSTEMS INC....

1. An induction plasma torch comprising:a tubular torch body having an inner surface;
a plasma confinement tube having an outer surface and disposed inside the tubular torch body coaxial with said tubular torch body with an annular chamber formed between the inner surface of the tubular torch body and the outer surface of the plasma confinement tube;
a gas distributor head disposed at one end of the plasma confinement tube and structured to supply at least one gaseous substance into the plasma confinement tube;
an inductive coupling member outside the inner surface of the tubular torch body for applying energy to the gaseous substance to produce and sustain plasma in the plasma confinement tube;
a conductive capacitive shield applied to the inner surface of the tubular torch body, wherein the capacitive shield is segmented into axial strips, the axial strips are interconnected at one end, and the capacitive shield is in direct contact with the inner surface of the tubular torch body; and
axial grooves entirely formed within a material of the tubular torch body through the inner surface of the tubular torch body, the axial grooves being interposed between the axial strips.

US Pat. No. 10,893,599

LASER PRODUCED PLASMA LIGHT SOURCE HAVING A TARGET MATERIAL COATED ON A CYLINDRICALLY-SYMMETRIC ELEMENT

KLA Corporation, Milpita...

1. A device comprising:a cylindrically-symmetric element rotatable about an axis and having a surface coated with a band of plasma-forming target material for irradiation by a drive laser to produce plasma;
a subsystem for replenishing plasma-forming target material on the cylindrically-symmetric element; and
a wiper positioned to scrape plasma-forming target material on the cylindrically-symmetric element to establish a uniform thickness of plasma-forming target material; and
a measurement system outputting a signal indicative of a radial distance between the wiper edge and the axis, wherein the measurement system comprises a light emitter and a light sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,893,598

TRANSMISSION OF LUMINAIRE MAINTENANCE INFORMATION

OSRAM SYLVANIA Inc., Wil...

1. A method for initiating maintenance of a light-based communication (LCom) enabled luminaire, comprising:transmitting, by the LCom-enabled luminaire, a maintenance trigger encoded in an LCom signal in response to detecting an error or maintenance condition in the LCom-enabled luminaire;
receiving, from a receiver device, an access request based on the maintenance trigger;
determining, by the LCom-enabled luminaire, whether the access request includes a second key, the second key generated by the receiver device based on the maintenance trigger;
granting, by the LCom-enabled luminaire, the receiver device access to the maintenance information in response to determining that the access request includes the second key;
transmitting, by the LCom-enabled luminaire, maintenance information to the receiver in response to the access request; and
receiving control commands to correct the error or maintenance condition.

US Pat. No. 10,893,597

GROUP-PERFORMANCE CONTROL METHOD USING LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES

FANLIGHT CO., LTD., Uiwa...

1. A method for controlling a plurality of light-emitting devices, the method comprising:inputting group information into a respective light-emitting device, the group information to be inputted corresponds to information on a seat in a venue, on which the respective light emitting device to be positioned; and
selectively controlling illuminating or extinguishing of groups of light-emitting devices, in accordance with the group information, to present an image over the plurality of light-emitting devices positioned on seats in the venue of an event during a particular period of a group-performance presentation,
wherein one or more light-emitting devices are designated as the same group based on the group information that is pre-configured and includes information configured to be used for performing group controlling of the plurality of light-emitting devices, and the one or more light-emitting devices of the same group emit the same color during the particular period of the group-performance presentation.

US Pat. No. 10,893,596

WIRELESS CONTROLLER FOR A LIGHTING FIXTURE

RAB Lighting Inc., North...

1. A lighting fixture, comprising:a fixture housing;
a lamp coupled with the fixture housing;
a power converter for supplying electrical power to the lamp, the power converter coupled with the fixture housing;
an actuator module having an actuator housing mounted inside the fixture housing, the actuator module electrically coupled to the power converter and including a power controller circuit for controlling electrical power supplied from the power converter to the lamp; and
a control module having a control housing mounted to an exterior of the fixture housing, the control module electrically coupled to the actuator module and including a radio, an antenna, and a controller; and
wherein the control module receives wireless lighting control signals, decodes the wireless lighting control signals, and the controller controls the actuator module based on at least the decoded wireless lighting control signals.

US Pat. No. 10,893,595

DIGITAL LOAD CONTROL SYSTEM PROVIDING POWER AND COMMUNICATION VIA EXISTING POWER WIRING

Lutron Technology Company...

1. A controller for use in a load control system for controlling power delivered from an AC power source to an electrical load, the controller comprising:a controllably conductive device adapted to be coupled in series electrical connection on a power wiring between the AC power source and a power device of the load control system;
a control circuit coupled to the controllably conductive device for rendering the controllably conductive device conductive during each half-cycle of the AC power source to generate a phase-control signal, the control circuit configured to transmit a forward digital message to the power device by encoding digital information in timing edges of the phase-control signal, and to generate a reference edge at a reference edge time during a first half-cycle of a reverse digital message, the reference edge time being after a zero-crossing of the first half-cycle; and
a reverse receiving circuit coupled in parallel electrical connection with the controllably conductive device for receiving a controller-drop voltage developed across the controllably conductive device, the reverse receiving circuit configured to receive a reverse digital message from the power device via the power wiring, the reverse digital message transmitted by the power device in response to the forward digital message;
wherein the control circuit is configured to:
receive, via the reverse receiving circuit, an acknowledgement (ACK) pulse in a window time period during a second half-cycle of the reverse digital message, wherein a start time of the window time period during the second half-cycle of the reverse digital message is based on the reference edge time during the first half-cycle; and
receive, via the reverse receiving circuit, a data pulse in a window time period during a third half-cycle of the reverse digital message, wherein a start time of the window time period during the third half-cycle of the reverse digital message is based on the reference edge time during the first half-cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,893,594

METHOD OF IDENTIFYING LIGHT SOURCES AND A CORRESPONDING SYSTEM AND PRODUCT

Osram GmbH, Munich (DE) ...

1. A method of controlling a lighting system including a set of lighting devices for lighting an environment, the method including:receiving from at least one image sensor an image signal including a sequence of images of said environment under different conditions of illumination and light reflection,
processing said image signal to provide a light source identification signal representative of light sources affecting said environment, and
controlling said set of lighting devices as a function of said light source identification signal,
wherein processing said image signal includes:
extracting illumination conditions of said environment from said sequence of images to provide shading information, and
identifying a number of said light sources affecting said environment by linear dimensionality reduction.

US Pat. No. 10,893,593

INTELLIGENT LIGHTING CONTROL SYSTEM TEMPERATURE CONTROL APPARATUSES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS

Racepoint Energy, LLC, O...

1. A method of using a lighting control system for temperature control comprising:detecting temperature readings from a temperature sensor included in each of a plurality of light control modules, wherein each light control module is configured to cause a transmission of a quantity of electrical energy to a lighting circuit of a light fixture electrically connected to the light control module;
grouping one or more temperature sensors of the lighting control modules into a first group corresponding to an interior wall based on the temperature readings being within a pre-determined range of one another; and
controlling at least one of a heater and an air conditioning system to adjust one of heating and cooling by the one of the heater and the air conditioning system based on the temperature readings of the first group of temperature sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,893,592

IMAGE FORMING DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming device comprising:operation keys operated by a operator;
a pattern light emission portion including a plurality of light sources; and
a light emission controller that controls light emission of a plurality of types of light emission patterns from the pattern light emission portion, wherein
the pattern light emission portion notifies the operator of information on operations of the operation keys,
the light emission controller emits respective light emission patterns corresponding to a plurality of types of operations by the operator on the operation keys,
the respective light emission patterns include respective series of light emission patterns from turn-on to turn-off of the plurality of light sources, and
when emission of a preceding light emission pattern corresponding to a preceding operation of one of the operation keys among the plurality of types of light emission patterns temporally overlaps with emission of a subsequent light emission pattern corresponding to an operation of another one of the operation keys subsequent to the preceding operation, the light emission controller stops the emission of the preceding light emission pattern corresponding to the preceding operation of the one of the operation keys before the turn-off of the emission of the preceding light emission pattern, and preferentially emits the subsequent light emission pattern having a delayed light emission start timing.

US Pat. No. 10,893,591

CONTROLLERS, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR DRIVING A LIGHT SOURCE

O2Micro, Inc., Santa Cla...

1. A controller, operable for controlling a first output voltage that supplies electric power to a light source and also for controlling a second output voltage that supplies electric power to components except for said light source, wherein said first output voltage and said second output voltage are generated by a power converter, said controller comprising:a voltage detection terminal, operable for sensing said second output voltage;
a current detection terminal coupled to said light source, operable for sensing a current of said light source, wherein said second output voltage is sensed prior to said current of said light source; and
a voltage sensing terminal, coupled to said power converter through a voltage sensing circuit, operable for receiving a voltage sensing signal indicative of said first output voltage, wherein said voltage sensing signal is generated by said voltage sensing circuit; wherein said controller adjusts said voltage sensing signal based on said second output voltage, to generate an adjusted voltage sensing signal, and generates a first control current based on said adjusted voltage sensing signal, to enable said power converter to control said second output voltage in a preset voltage range based on said first control current;
wherein when said second output voltage is in said preset voltage range, said controller adjusts said adjusted voltage sensing signal based on a difference between said current of said light source and a target current value, to generate a twice-adjusted voltage sensing signal, and generates a second control current based on said twice-adjusted voltage sensing signal, to enable said power converter to control said current of said light source to maintain said target current value based on said second control current.

US Pat. No. 10,893,590

LIGHTING SYSTEM WITH INTEGRATED SENSOR

LUMILEDS LLC, San Jose, ...

1. A method comprising:illuminating a scene with a first sensing spectrum emitted by a first subset of a plurality of primary light sources, the plurality of primary light sources formed in an array, by modulating a light output from the first subset of the plurality of primary light sources;
capturing a first image of the scene while the scene is illuminated with the first sensing spectrum;
after capturing the first image, illuminating the scene with a second sensing spectrum emitted by a second subset of the plurality of primary light sources different than the first subset, by modulating a light output from the second subset of the plurality of primary light sources;
capturing a second image of the scene while the scene is illuminated with the second sensing spectrum;
determining a lighting spectrum based on the first image and the second image; and
illuminating the scene with multiple of the primary light sources in a predetermined ratio defined by the lighting spectrum, the first subset and first sensing spectrum having a first primary color, and the second subset and second sensing spectrum having a second primary color different from the first primary color.

US Pat. No. 10,893,589

LED BULB

XIAMEN ECO LIGHTING CO. L...

1. A LED bulb comprising:a first set of light emitting diode module comprising a plurality of first type light emitting diode units, and a first type fluorescent powder covering a surface of the plurality of first type light emitting diode units;
a second set of light emitting diode module comprising a plurality of second type light emitting diode units and a resistor, a second type fluorescent powder covering a surface of the plurality of second type light emitting diode units and the resistor, the first type fluorescent powder having a different light characteristic from the second type fluorescent powder so that a first spectral characteristic of the first type light emitting diode units is different from a second spectral characteristic of the second type light emitting diode unit; and
a driver circuit for supplying electricity to the first set of light emitting diode module and the second set of light emitting diode module so as to drive the first type light emitting diode units and the second type light emitting diode units to emit light, and the resistor determining a relative electrical current ratio for currents received between the first set of light emitting diode module and the second set of light emitting diode module when the driver circuit supplies a different total current value.

US Pat. No. 10,893,588

METHOD OF OPERATING A LIGHTING DEVICE

OSRAM OLED GmbH, Regensb...

1. A method of operating a lighting device with a light-emitting component, in whichthe light-emitting component comprises a plurality of pixels configured to illuminate a plurality of zones in a field of view,
the light-emitting component comprises a processing device comprising characterization data of the light-emitting component, and
the pixels of the light-emitting component are operated as a function of the characterization data, whereinto determine characterization data prior to intended operation of the lighting device an intensity and/or a color location of the emitted light of a pixel or of each pixel is measured as a function of an operating current,a set point comprising a brightness set point and a color location set point, is assigned to a zone,
the zone has an actual value comprising an actual brightness value and an actual color location, and
the actual value of the zone is approximated to the set point in several steps.

US Pat. No. 10,893,587

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) LIGHTING DEVICE OR LAMP WITH CONFIGURABLE LIGHT QUALITIES

Feit Electric Company, In...

1. An LED lighting device or LED lamp comprising:a plurality of first LED packages each configured to emit light having a first configurable light quality;
a plurality of second LED packages each configured to emit light having a second configurable light quality;
at least one driver circuit configured to condition an electrical current provided to at least one of (a) a first group of the plurality of first LED packages or (b) a second group of the plurality of second LED packages; and
a control unit configured to operate the first group of the plurality of first LED packages, via the at least one driver circuit, and the second group of the plurality of second LED packages, via the at least one driver circuit, the first group of the plurality of first LED packages and the second group of the plurality of second LED packages operated independently of one another, the control unit being: (a) in communication with a sensor located in a space, the LED lighting device or LED lamp also being located in the space, and (b) configured to:
determine whether the LED lighting device or LED lamp is in a sensor adjustment mode or in a non-adjustment mode,
when the LED lighting device or LED lamp is in the non-adjustment mode, not adjust the operation of the plurality of first LED packages and the plurality of second LED packages in response to receiving a sensor signal from the sensor, and
when the LED lighting device or lamp is in the sensor adjustment mode, (i) receive a sensor signal from the sensor, (ii) process the sensor signal, (iii) determine an adjustment to the operating light qualities of the LED lighting device or LED lamp based on the processing of the sensor signal and one or more goal light qualities corresponding to the space, and (iv) adjust the operation of the plurality of first LED packages and the plurality of second LED packages in accordance with the determined adjustment such that a combination of (a) light emitted by the plurality of first LED packages and the plurality of second LED packages and (b) ambient light in the space provides lighting in accordance with the goal light qualities, wherein the adjustment comprises modifying (a) a number of the plurality of first LED packages in the first group, or (b) a number of the plurality of second LED packages in the second group to adjust one or more light qualities of light emitted by the LED lighting device or LED lamp.

US Pat. No. 10,893,586

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE LIGHT STRUCTURES

AUSTIN IP PARTNERS, Aust...

1. A Light Emitting Diode (LED) light system comprising:a LED light including:
a bridge rectifier configured to convert an alternating current power source to a rectified output;
control circuitry configured to produce a plurality of shunt signals based upon a voltage of the rectified output; and
a series connected Light Emitting Diode (LED) string coupled directly to the bridge rectifier, the series connected LED string having a primary group of LEDs and at least one secondary group of LEDs; and
a switch coupled to the plurality of secondary group of LEDs and controlled by the shunt signal to selectively deactivate the at least one secondary group of LEDs;
a communication module; and
a controller configured to control the LED light based upon interaction with the communication module.

US Pat. No. 10,893,585

HIGH SPEED IMAGE REFRESH SYSTEM

Lumileds LLC, San Jose, ...

1. A light emitting diode (LED) controller comprising:a serial interface configured to connect the LED controller to an external data bus;
an address generator connected to the serial interface and configured to be connected to an LED pixel array;
an image frame buffer connected to the serial interface to receive image data and further connected to the address generator to receive an image frame buffer address;
a command and control module connected to the serial interface, the command and control module configured to modify output signals from the image frame buffer; and
a calibration data storage module connected to the command and control module, the calibration data storage module configured to store calibration data related to pixel voltage responses of pixels in the LED pixel array.

US Pat. No. 10,893,584

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR VOLTAGE INTERFACES BETWEEN LEGACY CONTROL SYSTEMS AND LIGHT SOURCES

Fluence Bioengineering, I...

10. A method for controlling a plurality of light fixtures, the method comprising:coupling first electrical elements within a control loop to a first power source and a first ground, the control loop including a first op-amp;
coupling second electrical elements within an output loop to a second power source and a second ground, the output loop including a second op-amp, wherein the first power source and the second power source are electrically isolated from each other and the first ground and the second ground are electrically isolated from each other; and
electrically isolating the control loop and the output loop with an optical isolator, the optical isolator being configured to receive an input signal from the control loop and transmit an output signal to the output loop,
wherein the first power source and the second power source are configured to supply a same voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,893,583

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR DEFROSTING OPERATIONS IN AN RF HEATING SYSTEM

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A method, comprising:providing, by a radio frequency (RF) signal source, an RF signal through a transmission path to an electrode that is proximate to a cavity of a defrosting system;
repeatedly determining a forward RF power measurement and a reflected RF power measurement along the transmission path and calculating a ratio between the reflected RF power measurement and the forward RF power measurement;
while providing the RF signal and repeatedly determining the forward RF power measurement and the reflected RF power measurement, repeatedly reconfiguring a variable impedance matching network coupled along the transmission path in order to reduce the ratio by improving impedance matching between the RF signal source and the cavity plus a load in the cavity;
while repeatedly reconfiguring the variable impedance matching network, repeatedly determining a frequency at which the variable impedance matching network is reconfigured to improve matching between the RF signal source and the cavity plus the load;
determining, that the frequency at which the variable impedance matching network is reconfigured has dropped below a threshold; and
at a point in time when the frequency at which the variable impedance matching network is reconfigured has dropped below the threshold:
determining an additional time duration for provision of the RF signal to the electrode to achieve a desired state of a load in the cavity of the defrosting system,
continuing to provide the RF signal to the electrode for the additional time duration beyond the point in time, and
ceasing provision of the RF signal to the electrode when the additional time duration has expired.

US Pat. No. 10,893,582

BIODEGRADABLE MICROWAVE SUSCEPTOR

Inline Packaging, LLC, P...

1. A construct for heating a food item in a microwave oven, comprising:a bottom panel having a first longitudinal edge, a second longitudinal edge opposite of the first longitudinal edge, an inner surface and an outer surface;
a first side panel extending upwardly from the first longitudinal edge of the bottom panel, the first side panel having an inner surface and an outer surface; and
a second side panel extending upwardly from the second longitudinal edge of the bottom panel, the second side panel having an inner surface and an outer surface;
the bottom panel, the first side panel and the second side panel form a U-shaped tray with at least one open end defining an interior space for receiving the food item;
at least one fold area between the bottom panel and the first side panel or the second side panel;
the inner surface of the bottom panel includes a microwave susceptor comprising:
a biodegradable substrate comprised of a biodegradable thin film; and
a susceptor layer on the biodegradable substrate, the susceptor layer comprising a pattern of metallized material corresponding to a selected pattern of heat to be applied to the food item within the construct, wherein the pattern of metallized material includes at least one demetallized area corresponding to the at least one fold area.

US Pat. No. 10,893,581

HEATING OF OBJECTS BY MICROWAVE ENERGY

GOJI LIMITED, Hamilton (...

1. A heating apparatus for heating an object, the apparatus comprising an enclosure for accepting the object adjacent to a radiating plate for heating and a microwave power source coupled to the radiating plate and configured to feed the radiating plate at one or more microwave frequencies, wherein:the radiating plate is an object heating radiating plate configured to heat the object with feed signals having a range of microwave working frequencies of between 300 MHz and 3 GHz, and the radiating plate comprises:
a ground plate; and
at least one or more radiating elements spaced from the ground plate by a dielectric layer,
wherein at least a size and a shape of the one or more radiating elements and at least a thickness of the dielectric layer satisfy the following conditions:
a free space efficiency of the radiating plate is less than ?6 dB and a contact efficiency of the radiating plate is greater than 50%,
the free space efficiency is a ratio of power not returned from the radiating plate to power fed to the radiating plate at a test frequency in the range of working frequencies in a free space condition in which there is a volume of free space covering the radiating plate,
the contact efficiency is a ratio of power not returned from the radiating plate when a test load rests on top of the radiating plate to power fed to the radiating plate at the test frequency, and
the test load has a dielectric constant in the range of 20 to 60 and a loss tangent in the range of 0.1 to 0.5 at the test frequency,
wherein said conditions are configured to provide a first amount of energy transfer from the radiating plate to the test load with the radiating plate being in contact with the test load while providing a second amount of energy transfer, smaller than the first amount, with the radiating plate not being in contact with the test load.

US Pat. No. 10,893,580

THERMAL STABILITY OF GEOMETRICALLY COMPLEX-SHAPED SMART SUSCEPTORS

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A smart susceptor assembly, comprising:an electromagnetic flux field source configured to generate an electromagnetic flux field;
a susceptor comprising one or more contours and positioned adjacent to the electromagnetic flux field source, wherein the susceptor comprises a leveling temperature and a Curie temperature; and
an electrically conductive cladding positioned on or over the susceptor and electrically coupled to the susceptor,
wherein:
the electrically conductive cladding is thermally conductive;
the susceptor and the electrically conductive cladding provide a receptacle configured to receive a flowable material to be heated within the receptacle during a heating process; and
the smart susceptor assembly comprises only one leveling temperature and only one Curie temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,893,579

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INDUCTION COOKING HOB AND COOKING HOB USING SUCH METHOD

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A method for operating a flexible induction cooking hob comprising a plurality of inductors distributed next to each other to form a bi-dimensional array, said inductors being energizable by a plurality of inverters, a number of said plurality of inductors being underlying inductors overlaid by at least one cooking utensil comprising a common cooking utensil or different cooking utensils, wherein the method comprises the following steps:assigning a power target value to the at least one cooking utensil, wherein the target power value is distributed among the underlying inductors of plurality of inductors;
obtaining for each of said underlying inductors a target energy or a target power to be delivered;
acquiring for each of said underlying inductors and the one of the inverters configured to energize each of said underlying inductors, a power vs. frequency curve;
defining a predetermined control (Tprog) period shorter than a thermal time constant of at least one of said cooking utensils, and longer than one half-period of a mains power supply;
establishing for each of said underlying inductors, in conjunction with its energizing inverter, a respective operating frequency range defined by said power vs. frequency curve; and
establishing an activation sequence of said inverters in which each of said underlying inductors is configured to be energized with at least a second inductor of said plurality of inductors forming a combination of inductors, wherein:
each of said underlying inductors is configured to deliver said target energy or said target power on average over said control period (Tprog),
said combination of inductor is selected irrespectively of whether each of said underlying inductors, and at least the second inductor are overlaid by the at least one cooking utensil,
each of said underlying inductors and at least said second inductor are provided with the respective operating frequency range, at least partially overlapping, and
said activation sequence has a duration corresponding to said control period (Tprog); and
activating said inverters according to said activation sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,893,578

COMPOSITION FOR FORMING A HEATING ELEMENT AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE COMPOSITION

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A composition for forming a heating element, comprising:a matrix particle and an ionically charged coating layer disposed on a surface of the matrix particle;
a composite filler; and
a solvent,
wherein the composite filler comprises a core and a coating layer disposed on the core,
the core comprises a nanosheet filler, and
the composition has a pH in a range of about 5 to about 9, and
wherein the coating layer disposed on the core has a bilayer structure comprising a first polymer layer disposed on the nanosheet filler and a second polymer layer disposed on the first polymer layer.

US Pat. No. 10,893,577

MILLIMETER WAVE HEATING OF SOOT PREFORM

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A process for heating a preform comprising:exposing a preform to electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength in the range from 0.6 mm-3.0 mm, the preform comprising silica soot, the silica soot absorbing the electromagnetic radiation, the absorbed electromagnetic radiation heating the silica soot to a temperature in the range from 1075° C.-1325° C.;
wherein the preform has an elongate shape, the elongate shape having a central longitudinal axis, the elongate shape including a first end and a second end, the silica soot extending from the first end to the second end; and
wherein the exposing includes directing the electromagnetic radiation to the silica soot at the first end, the electromagnetic radiation entering the silica soot at the first end and propagating within the silica soot from the first end to the second end, the electromagnetic radiation propagating along a path circumscribing the central longitudinal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,893,576

HEATING SYSTEM FOR A GARMENT OR OTHER FABRIC OBJECT AND POWER CONTROL FOR EMBEDDED POWERED COMPONENTS

Teiimo GmbH, Gilching (D...

1. A garment or fabric article comprising an electrical system embedded in the garment or fabric article, the electrical system comprising:an electrical bus;
one or more powered components connected to the electrical bus;
at least two removable power sources electrically connected to the one or more powered components via the electrical bus, each power source comprising an on-board charging circuit;
an input for connection to an external power source other than the at least two removable power sources, wherein each of the at least two removable power sources is rechargeable and configured to receive a charge from the external power source without removal of the at least two removable power sources from the garment or fabric article;
at least one controller electrically connected to the at least two removable power sources, the at least one controller comprising at least two circuits, each circuit connected to one of the at least two removable power sources via the electrical bus, each circuit comprising a switch activated to permit the connected removable power source to discharge only when voltage outside the connected removable power source is lower than inside the connected removable power source as determined by a logical voltage comparative function of the controller, the controller configured (a) to prevent an uncontrolled exchange of power or facilitate a controlled exchange of power between the at least two removable power sources when each has a different electrical potential from the other, and (b) to permit a continuous supply of power to the electrical bus (i) when fewer than all of the at least two removable power sources are disconnected and (ii) during connection or disconnection from the external power source.

US Pat. No. 10,893,575

MODULAR WIRELESS ACCESS POINT

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A wireless access point comprising:a housing that defines a plurality of externally-facing apertures;
a radio module that is removably coupled to one of the externally-facing apertures of the housing and includes one or more antennas;
a motherboard module that is removably coupled to one of the externally-facing apertures of the housing and includes a motherboard that controls the one or more antennas of the radio module; and
a power supply module that is removably coupled to one of the externally-facing apertures of the housing and supplies power to the motherboard and radio modules,
wherein each of the radio module, the motherboard module, and the power supply module is removably coupled to one of the externally-facing apertures of the housing such that at least a portion of each of the radio module, the motherboard module, and the power supply module is exposed to an outside of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,893,574

PACKET DATA UNIT SESSION RELEASE METHOD AND NETWORK ENTITY PERFORMING THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method for releasing a packet data unit (PDU) session performed by a session management function (SMF) in a network, the method comprising:deciding a single access network, which is an access network to be released in a multi-access packet data unit (MA PDU) session which is already established;
transmitting a first message including first information corresponding to an access type of the decided single access network to a user plane function (UPF);
receiving a response message corresponding to the first message from the UPF; and
transmitting a second message including second information and a PDU session release command message to an access and mobility management function (AMF), wherein the second information indicates the access type of the decided single access network.

US Pat. No. 10,893,573

D2D COMMUNICATION METHOD, REMOTE USER EQUIPMENT, AND RELAY USER EQUIPMENT

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A method for D2D communication, comprising:receiving, by a remote user equipment, a D2D discovery message sent by a relay user equipment, and acquiring a discontinuous reception parameter of the relay user equipment; and
sending a communication request message to the relay user equipment based on the discontinuous reception parameter of the relay user equipment,
wherein the receiving, by the remote user equipment, the D2D discovery message sent by the relay user equipment, and acquiring the discontinuous reception parameter of the relay user equipment, comprises one of:
acquiring, by the remote user equipment, a layer 2 user identification of the relay user equipment contained in the D2D discovery message, and determining the discontinuous reception parameter of the relay user equipment through the layer 2 user identification of the relay user equipment;
determining the discontinuous reception parameter of the relay user equipment through a preset field value contained in the D2D discovery message; or
determining the discontinuous reception parameter of the relay user equipment through information of discontinuous reception explicitly broadcast in the D2D discovery message,
wherein the determining the discontinuous reception parameter of the relay user equipment through the layer 2 user identification of the relay user equipment, comprises:
determining a discontinuous transmission start offset value based on any of the following manners:
the discontinuous transmission start offset value is equal to the layer 2 user identification of the relay user equipment; or
the discontinuous transmission start offset value is acquired by modulo of the layer 2 user identification of the relay user equipment with a preset value.

US Pat. No. 10,893,572

USER-EQUIPMENT-COORDINATION SET FOR DISENGAGED MODE

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method performed by a base station in a wireless communications network, the method comprising:specifying, by the base station, a set of multiple user equipment to form a disengaged-mode-user-equipment coordination set, for joint transmission and reception of data by multiple user equipment in the disengaged-mode-user-equipment coordination set, intended for one or more of the multiple user equipment included in the disengaged-mode-user-equipment coordination set, each of the multiple user equipment being in a disengaged mode;
selecting one of the multiple user equipment within the disengaged-mode-user-equipment coordination set to act as a coordinating user equipment for the disengaged-mode-user-equipment coordination set;
transmitting a request message that directs the coordinating user equipment to coordinate the joint transmission and reception, by the multiple user equipment in the disengaged-mode-user-equipment coordination set, of the data intended for the one or more of the multiple user equipment; and
transmitting a downlink signal to each user equipment within the disengaged-mode-user-equipment coordination set effective to:
enable each user equipment within the disengaged-mode-user-equipment coordination set to:
demodulate and sample the downlink signal, and
forward the samples to the coordinating user equipment; and
enable the coordinating user equipment to:
combine the samples from each user equipment, and
jointly process the combined samples to provide decoded data.

US Pat. No. 10,893,571

RADIO LINK MONITORING BASED ON DISCONTINUOUS RECEPTION MODE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication, the method comprising:operating, at a user equipment (UE), in a discontinuous reception (DRX) mode of operation; and
evaluating, by the UE, a link quality between the UE and a base station (BS) at least once every time period, wherein the time period is determined based on (i) a length of a DRX cycle of the UE operating in the DRX mode of operation and (ii) a reference signal (RS) period that indicates a periodicity of an RS transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,893,570

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PAUSING UPLINK TRANSMISSION TIME INTERVAL

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. An apparatus comprising:at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to:
cause transmission of a first uplink transmission for a mobile broadband communication from a first user device, the first uplink transmission having a transmission time interval comprising a plurality of subframes;
receive information from a base station during the transmission time interval, the information comprising an indication to pause during the transmission time interval transmission of the first uplink transmission for N subframes within the transmission time interval;
scheduling a transmission for a mission critical communication during said pause for a transmission time interval duration shorter than said transmission time interval;
based on the information pause, within the transmission time interval transmission of the first uplink transmission, for N subframes; and
cause, after the pause for N subframes, continued transmission of a remainder of the first uplink transmission for the mobile broadband communication.

US Pat. No. 10,893,569

RRC STATE CHANGING METHOD OF TERMINAL, AND DEVICE SUPPORTING SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for transiting an RRC state performed by a User Equipment (UE) in an RRC inactive (RRC_INACTIVE) state in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving an indicator indicating to enter an RRC idle state from a network,
wherein the indicator is configured with a bitmap having a size of N bits;
determining whether the indicator is valid for the UE based on a result of performing a MOD operation of the bitmap and a UE ID; and
entering the RRC idle state when the indicator is valid for the UE.

US Pat. No. 10,893,568

LOCATION AND CONTEXT MANAGEMENT IN A RAN INACTIVE MODE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A serving node of a radio access network (RAN), the serving node comprising:a radio interface;
a network interface;
a processor; and
a non-transitory memory storing instructions that when executed by the processor cause the serving node to:
receive, using the radio interface, from a user equipment (UE) operating in an inactive mode, an identifier of the UE and a first message, the first message being protected with a first cryptographic key wherein the first cryptographic key is associated with a second network node of the RAN;
send, using the network interface, to the second network node, a UE context retrieval request, the UE context retrieval request including the identifier of the UE and the first message;
receive, using the network interface, from the second network node, a UE context retrieval response, the UE context retrieval response including a relocation indication of whether a UE context is to be relocated to the serving node, wherein when the relocation indication indicates that the UE context is not relocated to the serving node, the UE context retrieval response includes a second message protected with a second cryptographic key wherein the second cryptographic key is associated with the second network node; and
send, using the radio interface, the second message to the UE.

US Pat. No. 10,893,567

COMMUNICATION METHOD, RADIO TERMINAL, PROCESSOR, AND BASE STATION

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. A communication method, comprising:receiving, by a user equipment from a base station included in a Radio Access Network (RAN), a first RRC message for suspending an RRC connection between the user equipment and the RAN, the first RRC message including a resumption identifier;
entering, by the user equipment, an RRC idle state in response to reception of the first RRC message;
when the user equipment is in the RRC idle state, transmitting, by the user equipment to the base station, uplink user data together with an RRC Resume Request message including the resumption identifier without entering an RRC connected state, the uplink user data being user data to be transmitted from the user equipment to a core network via the base station,
transmitting, by the base station, the uplink user data received from the user equipment to the core network; and
when the user equipment is in the RRC idle state, receiving, by the user equipment from the base station, a second RRC message for keeping the user equipment in the RRC idle state, after the uplink user data is transmitted by the base station to the core network.

US Pat. No. 10,893,566

METHOD FOR RECEIVING BEAM RECOVERY REQUEST AND NETWORK DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method for receiving a beam recovery request, wherein the method is applied to a network device and comprises:sending a first signal to a terminal device by using a first beam;
receiving first index information sent by the terminal device, wherein the first index information indicates an index number of the first signal;
sending a first notification message to the terminal device based on the first index information, wherein the first notification message comprises second index information, wherein the second index information indicates an index number of a second signal, and wherein the index number of the second signal corresponds to the first beam; and
receiving, on a time-frequency resource corresponding to the first beam, the beam recovery request sent by the terminal device.

US Pat. No. 10,893,565

METHOD FOR REPORTING BEAM RECEPTION FAILURE, USER EQUIPMENT, MEDIUM AND SYSTEM

SPREADTRUM COMMUNICATIONS...

1. A method for reporting beam reception failure comprising:obtaining an identifier of a secondary cell where a beam reception fails;
selecting one beam other than the beam which is failed as a candidate beam in the secondary cell where the beam reception fails; and
encapsulating the identifier of the secondary cell where the beam reception fails and an identifier of the candidate beam into a Media Access Control (MAC) control element, and transmitting the MAC control element out using resource of one cell other than the secondary cell where the beam reception fails, wherein the cell other than the secondary cell where the beam reception fails comprises: a primary cell, a primary secondary cell, or other secondary cells where no beam reception fails.

US Pat. No. 10,893,564

ABORTING AN EXTENDED SERVICE REQUEST PROCEDURE

Apple Inc.

1. A user equipment (UE), comprising:a radio; and
a processor coupled to the radio and a memory coupled to the processor, wherein instructions in the memory configure the processor to:
communicate with a packet-switched network;
initiate an extended service request procedure for a circuit-switched fallback to handle a voice call;
receive an indication of a Radio Access Technology (RAT) change from the packet-switched network during the extended service request procedure;
determine whether the voice call has been terminated prior to completion of the extended service request procedure; and
when the voice call has been terminated prior to completion of the extended service request procedure, abort the extended service request procedure, wherein aborting the extended service procedure includes ignoring the indication of the RAT change from the packet-switched network.

US Pat. No. 10,893,563

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HANDLING SENSING FOR SIDELINK RESOURCE IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

ASUSTek Computer Inc., T...

1. A method of a User Equipment (UE), the method comprising:receiving a control signaling which schedules a resource of a first transmission, wherein the control signaling informs and/or indicates that the scheduled resource is not kept for a next transmission;
performing energy sensing for candidate resources, wherein one or more resources associated with the scheduled resource of the first transmission is not utilized for energy sensing;
receiving a second control signaling which schedules a resource of a second transmission, wherein the second control signaling informs and/or indicates that the scheduled resource of the second transmission is a periodic transmission; and
excluding a candidate resource associated with the scheduled resource of the second transmission, wherein one or more resources associated with the scheduled resource of the second transmission is not utilized for energy sensing.

US Pat. No. 10,893,562

DYNAMIC SHARING OF SECONDARY CARRIER AMONG MULTIPLE PRIMARY CARRIERS IN DUAL-CONNECTIVITY SERVICE

Sprint Spectrum L.P., Ov...

1. A method for a wireless communication system to allocate air-interface resources, wherein the system provides a coverage area on a first radio access technology (“RAT) and on a second RAT, including operating in the coverage area on a plurality of carriers according to the first RAT (“first-RAT carriers”) and operating in the coverage area on at least one carrier according to the second RAT (“second-RAT carrier”), the method comprising:determining, by the system, a capacity demand respectively of each of the first-RAT carriers in the coverage area; and
dynamically allocating, by the system, resources of the second-RAT carrier in the coverage area for use in dual-connectivity service of user equipment devices (UEs) served on individual ones of the first-RAT carriers, wherein the dynamic allocation is based on a comparison between the determined capacity demands respectively of the individual first-RAT carriers.

US Pat. No. 10,893,560

BEARER CONTROL FOR SECONDARY RADIO ACCESS TECHNOLOGY IN DUAL CONNECTIVITY NETWORKS

Verizon Patent and Licens...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, at a core network from a user equipment (UE) device, a request for access to network resources, wherein the core network is coupled to a primary radio access technology (RAT) and a secondary RAT;
determining, at the core network, an access point name (APN) RAT access restriction in response to the received request, wherein the APN RAT access restriction is used to configure communications with an APN in the core network specifying how radio bearers are assigned to a corresponding RAT, wherein the corresponding RAT comprises at least one of the primary RAT or the secondary RAT;
assigning, at the core network, a radio bearer based on the determined APN RAT access restriction, wherein the assigned radio bearer exchanges data via the corresponding RAT; and
identifying, to a master node, the assigned radio bearer for exchanging data between the UE device and a device specified by the APN via the corresponding RAT.

US Pat. No. 10,893,559

FREQUENCY SELECTION DURING ACTIVITY

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method, comprising:at a device that is configured to establish a network connection to a network having a first priority of available frequency bands set by the network:
identifying an attenuation activity state based on operations that determine whether the device is or will become submerged in water;
generating a second priority of the available frequency bands based on the attenuation activity state; and
selecting one of the available frequency bands based on the second priority to establish the network connection.

US Pat. No. 10,893,558

METHOD FOR PROCESSING RECEIVED RLC PDUS FOR D2D COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND DEVICE THEREFOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for a User Equipment (UE) operating in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving a Radio Link Control (RLC) Protocol Data Unit (PDU) including a Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP) Service Data Unit (SDU) from a peer UE;
establishing a RLC entity and a PDCP entity for a UE-to-UE direct communication;
initializing one or more state variables of the RLC entity to a sequence number (SN) of the RLC PDU when the RLC entity is established for the UE-to-UE direct communication;
processing the RLC PDU using the initialized state variables;
deciphering the PDCP SDU based on a PDCP SN of the PDCP SDU,
wherein deciphering the PDCP SDU does not requires a Hyper Frame Number (HFN) of the PDCP SDU to be incremented when the PDCP SN reaches to a maximum value.

US Pat. No. 10,893,556

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING LOCAL IP ACCESS IN A FEMTO CELL OF A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for supporting local internet protocol access (LIPA) at a home enhanced node base station (HeNB) collocated with a local gateway (LGW) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving, from a terminal, a first request message; transmitting, to a mobility management entity (MME), a first control message including an address of the LGW via an S 1-MME interface for the terminal, wherein the address of the LGW is used to select a packet data network gateway (PDN GW) by the MME;
receiving, from the MME, a second control message in response to the first control message, the second control message including an identification (ID) set equal to a tunnel endpoint identifier (TEID) of the selected PDN GW, wherein the tunnel endpoint identifier (TEID) is for an S5 tunnel of a general packet radio service (GPRS) tunnel protocol (GTP) interface;
establishing a direct path between the HeNB and the LGW based on the ID set equal to the TEID of the selected PDN GW; and
forwarding an uplink data packet received from the terminal to the LGW via the direct path,
wherein a request message transmitted from the MME to a serving gateway (SGW) comprises the address of the LGW.

US Pat. No. 10,893,555

VEHICLES AND METHODS IDENTIFYING A SERVICE DEVICE IN COMMUNICATION WITH A VEHICLE

1. A method comprising:receiving, using one or more processors of a vehicle, a fuel pump timer value from each fuel pump device of a plurality of fuel pump devices;
receiving, using the one or more processors, a fuel pump state from each fuel pump device of the plurality of fuel pump devices;
receiving, using the one or more processors, a fuel flowing state from a fuel flow sensor of the vehicle; and
identifying, using the one or more processors, a first fuel pump device from the plurality of fuel pump devices based on the fuel pump timer value of each fuel pump device of the plurality of fuel pump devices, the fuel pump state of each fuel pump device of the plurality of fuel pump devices, and the fuel flowing state.

US Pat. No. 10,893,554

METHOD FOR INDICATING AVAILABILITY OF SAME SERVICE ON OTHER RADIO ACCESS SYSTEM

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:generating, by a network controller, an identifier for each of one or more services provided by a wireless local access network (WLAN), the identifier is a service token that maps a particular service, of the one or more services provided by the WLAN, with the same particular service provided by a private radio network; and
providing, by the network controller, to an access point, the identifier to be broadcast to one or more user devices of the WLAN to connect to the particular service via the private radio network.

US Pat. No. 10,893,553

METHOD FOR CONNECTING WITH NETWORK AT UE IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for communicating with a network at a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:suspending a connection with the network and storing a UE context associated with the suspended connection;
transmitting a connection resume request message to the network via a higher layer;
in response to the connection resume request message, receiving a response message from the network,
wherein the response message indicates an acceptance of a connection resume or a failure of the connection resume,
wherein the response message further includes a RRC connection establishment cause value, the RRC connection establishment cause value corresponding to a call type,
wherein, based on the RRC connection establishment cause value corresponding to a MO (Mobile Originating) signaling, a connection resume complete message is transmitted to the network regardless of whether the response message indicates the acceptance of connection resume or the failure of the connection resume,
wherein, based on the RRC connection establishment cause value corresponding to a one of Mobile Terminating (MT) access, high priority access, delay tolerant access, emergency or mo-Exception-Data and when the response message indicates the acceptance of the connection resume, the store UE context is removed,
wherein, based on the RRC connection establishment cause value corresponding to one of the MT access, the high priority access, the delay tolerant access, the emergency or the mo-Exception-Data and when the response message indicates the failure of the connection resume, a random access procedure is started.

US Pat. No. 10,893,552

PROJECTOR HAVING WIRELESS LAN TERMINAL FUNCTION, METHOD FOR WIRELESS LAN CONNECTION OF SAID PROJECTOR, AND PROJECTION SYSTEM

NEC DISPLAY SOLUTIONS, LT...

1. A wireless local area network (LAN) connection method of a wireless LAN terminal and a projector that is configured to operate as a wireless LAN access point apparatus or as a client apparatus, the wireless LAN connection method comprising:said projector projecting connection information that indicates a service set identifier (SSID);
said wireless LAN terminal receiving, as input, said connection information in a provided input unit, and further, operating as an access point apparatus;
said projector detecting, by a site survey, said wireless LAN terminal that is operating as the access point apparatus; and
said projector connecting, as the client apparatus, to said wireless LAN terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,893,550

NUMEROLOGY DEPENDENT RANDOM ACCESS TIMING

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communications, comprising:identifying that a random access channel (RACH) procedure is to be performed;
receiving, at a user equipment (UE), an indication of a subcarrier spacing to be used for the RACH procedure; and
determining, based at least in part on the subcarrier spacing, a number of symbols that the UE is to wait between a last symbol of a random access response (RAR) window in which no RAR is received and a retransmission of a RACH message
receiving, an RAR
transmitting a Message 3 response after a time interval, the time interval being a numerological maximum of the time values, including a minimum time gap T, represented in absolute time, and the output N of Equation 1 as follows:
N=Ni+S
where Ni is representative of the smaller of the tone spacing between Msg2 and Msg3 and S represents a fixed number of symbols.

US Pat. No. 10,893,549

METHOD PERFORMED BY USER EQUIPMENT, METHOD PERFORMED BY EVOLVED NODE B, USER EQUIPMENT, AND EVOLVED NODE B

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method performed by a user equipment (UE), comprising:performing a random access procedure;
in the random access procedure,
monitoring a narrowband physical downlink control channel (NPDCCH) in a first downlink (DL) frequency resource on a DL anchor carrier;
detecting the NPDCCH in the first DL frequency resource on the DL anchor carrier;
transmitting, to an evolved Node B (eNB), a narrowband physical uplink shared channel (NPUSCH) on a second uplink (UL) frequency resource on a UL non-anchor carrier based on detection of the NPDCCH on the first DL frequency resource, in a case that the NPDCCH contains a UL grant for contention resolution; and
receiving, from the eNB, a narrowband physical downlink shared channel (NPDSCH) on a second DL frequency resource on a DL non-anchor carrier based on detection of the NPDCCH on the first DL frequency resource, in a case that the NPDCCH contains a DL assignment for contention resolution.

US Pat. No. 10,893,548

PHYSICAL RANDOM ACCESS CHANNEL DESIGN FOR LICENSED ASSISTED ACCESS

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. An apparatus configured to be employed within one or more evolved Node Bs (eNodeBs), the apparatus comprising:control circuitry configured to generate a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH), wherein the PDCCH includes a PDCCH order for contention free PRACH transmission using a license assisted access (LAA) secondary cell, and generate a random access response (RAR) within a RAR window using the secondary cell; and
a transceiver configured to retry transmission of the PDCCH order upon a listen before talk (LBT) failure using a primary cell after a number of retries of the transmission of the PDCCH order using the secondary cell.

US Pat. No. 10,893,547

CONFIGURATION OF A FIRST MESSAGE FOR A TWO-STEP RANDOM ACCESS CHANNEL PROCEDURE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication by a user equipment (UE), the method comprising:receiving configuration information from a base station, the configuration information indicating at least two different random access channel (RACH) request configuration parameters, wherein each of the RACH request configuration parameters is associated with a respective radio resource control (RRC) state;
generating a first message associated with a two-step RACH procedure including a preamble and a payload, the payload including data on an uplink data channel and at least one reference signal; and
transmitting the first message to the base station using at least one of the at least two different RACH request configuration parameters that corresponds to an RRC state of the UE, the preamble being transmitted on a first set of resources associated with a RACH occasion and the payload being transmitted on a second set of resources.

US Pat. No. 10,893,546

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING RANDOM ACCESS IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method by a terminal in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving, from a master base station, a message to add a cell of a secondary cell group (SCG) associated with a secondary base station for the terminal;
starting, in case that the message includes information for synchronous reconfiguration to a primary SCG cell, a timer with a timer value included in the information for the synchronous reconfiguration;
transmitting, to the master base station, a response message in response to the message; and
initiating, in case that the message includes the information for the synchronous reconfiguration to the primary SCG cell, a random access procedure on the primary SCG cell among SCG cells, based on preamble information included in the information for the synchronous reconfiguration;
wherein the timer is stopped in case that the random access procedure on the primary SCG cell is completed successfully.

US Pat. No. 10,893,545

RESOURCE DETERMINING METHOD, BASE STATION, AND USER EQUIPMENT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a processor, coupled with a storage medium configured to store instructions,wherein when executed by the processor, the instructions cause the apparatus to:receive a preamble sequence from a terminal in a random access process;
determine a narrowband frequency resource available to the terminal according to a correspondence between the narrowband frequency resource and an index of the preamble sequence; and
transmit downlink control information for the terminal, the downlink control information being carried on the determined narrowband frequency resource;
wherein the narrowband frequency resource is one of a plurality of narrowband frequency resources, the index of the preamble sequence is one of a plurality of indexes of preamble sequences, and the correspondence between the narrowband frequency resource and the index of the preamble sequence is one of a plurality of correspondences between the narrowband frequency resources and the indexes of preamble sequences.

US Pat. No. 10,893,544

BEAM REFINEMENT IN TWO-STEP RANDOM ACCESS CHANNEL (RACH) PROCEDURE

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. A method of communications, comprising:receiving, by a user equipment (UE), a plurality of synchronization signal blocks (SSBs), a plurality of channel state information-reference signals (CSI-RSs) associated with each of the plurality of synchronization signal blocks (SSBs), and random access channel (RACH) configuration data from a gNB, the random access channel (RACH) configuration data associated with a two-step random access channel (RACH) procedure; and
transmitting, by the user equipment (UE), a first message of the two-step random access channel (RACH) procedure to the gNB, the first message including a first portion and a second portion, wherein:
the first portion includes a preamble associated with a selected channel state information-reference signal (CSI-RS) of the plurality of channel state information- reference signals (CSI-RSs), the selected channel state information-reference signal (CSI-RS) further associated with a selected synchronization signal block (SSB) of the plurality of synchronization signal blocks (SSBs), the second portion includes data associated with the preamble, the data transmitted using pre-configured or pre- allocated resources, and
a resource or resource set associated with the selected channel state information- reference signal (CSI-RS) and/or the selected synchronization signal block (SSB) is selected, the first portion transmitted using the selected resource or resource set, and the selected resource or resource set indicating, to the gNB, the selected channel state information-reference signal (CSI-RS) used for determining a transmit beam for transmitting the second portion of the first message.

US Pat. No. 10,893,543

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RANDOM ACCESS DESIGN OF NR UNLICENSED

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication network, the UE comprising:a processor configured to:
generate a random access (RA) message comprising:
a preamble portion including one or more repeated preambles constructed using a same sequence, and a cyclic prefix (CP) that precedes repeated preamble sequences; and
a data portion including one or more data segments with each data segment including a number of repeated data symbols and a CP that precedes the repeated data symbols, wherein a UE identity (UE-ID) is included in the data portion; and
perform a listen-before-talk (LBT) operation for the RA message in an unlicensed spectrum; and
a transceiver operably connected to the processor, the transceiver configured to:
transmit, subject to a result of the LBT operation, the RA message in the unlicensed spectrum to a base station (BS); and
receive a responded random access (Re-RA) message in response to the transmitted RA message within a random access response (RAR) window,
wherein a first portion of the Re-RA message is carried by a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) scrambled with a two-step random access radio network temporary identifier (RA2-RNTI) of the UE, and a second portion of the Re-RA message is carried by a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) scheduled by the PDCCH, and
wherein the RA2-RNTI of the UE is determined based on a radio resource used to transmit a preamble of the RA message, the radio resource including a time domain resource, a frequency domain resource, and a carrier index.

US Pat. No. 10,893,542

RANDOM ACCESS METHOD IN BDMA SYSTEM AND RANDOM ACCESS METHOD IN PATTERN/POLARIZED BDMA SYSTEM

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A random access method in a beam division multiple access (BDMA) system comprising the steps of:receiving, by a terminal, a reference signal of at least one beam sector transmitted from an access point (AP) device;
estimating, by the terminal, whether the terminal is in a center area of the beam sector provided by the AP device or in a boundary area of the beam sector based on a strength of the reference signal;
transmitting, by the terminal, a different preamble to the AP device in accordance with location information of whether the terminal is located in the center area or in the boundary area; and
determining, by the AP device, a target beam sector for transmitting information about uplink resources to be used by the terminal, among a plurality of beam sectors on the basis of the received preamble,
wherein when the terminal estimates that the terminal is in the center area, the terminal transmits a preamble in a first preamble set to the AP device and when the terminal estimates that the terminal is in the boundary area, the terminal transmits a preamble in a second preamble set to the AP device.

US Pat. No. 10,893,541

CLEAR CHANNEL ASSESMENT (CCA) IN UNLICENSED WIRELESS SPECTRUM

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

9. A terminal device, wherein the terminal device comprises:a receiver, configured to receive first configuration information and instruction information that are sent by a base station, wherein
the first configuration information and the instruction information are information obtained by the base station,
the first configuration information includes channel contention configuration information before uplink data is sent, the channel contention configuration information specifying at least one manner by which a terminal device contends for a current channel, wherein the first configuration information comprises duration information and time domain location information of a channel contention time,
wherein the time domain location of the channel contention time is located in a first subframe and an uplink resource carrying the uplink data is located in a second subframe that is next adjacent to the first subframe, and
the instruction information includes information that instructs the terminal device to send a channel occupancy indication signal on a last symbol of the first subframe, the channel occupancy indication signal indicating that a current channel belongs to a radio access technology user; and
a transmitter, configured to:
send the channel occupancy indication signal based on the first configuration information and the instruction information;
send second configuration information to the terminal device, wherein the second configuration information is configuration information of the channel occupancy indication signal, wherein the instruction information comprises information that instructs the base station to select the terminal device from a cell served by the base station as a terminal device that sends the channel occupancy indication signal, and the second configuration information comprises reference signal sequence information and bandwidth information of the channel occupancy indication signal; and
send duration information of a channel contention time in the first configuration information to the terminal device in a unicast or broadcast manner by using an RRC message, and send time domain location information of the channel contention time in the first configuration information and the instruction information to the terminal device in a unicast or broadcast manner by using a physical layer message; or send duration information and time domain location information of a channel contention time in the first configuration information to the terminal device in a unicast or broadcast manner by using the RRC message, and send the instruction information to the terminal device in a unicast or broadcast manner by using a physical layer message.

US Pat. No. 10,893,540

RANDOM ACCESS CHANNEL PROCEDURES WITH MULTIPLE CARRIERS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication at a user equipment (UE), comprising:receiving, from a first base station, an indication of a set of component carriers for the UE to use to receive, from a second base station, a response to a first random access channel (RACH) transmission, wherein the set of component carriers include at least two quasi co-located component carriers transmitted by at least two antenna ports, the at least two quasi-co-located component carriers associated with a receive beam;
transmitting the first RACH transmission to the second base station; and
receiving, using one or more of the set of component carriers on the receive beam, the second RACH transmission responsive to the first RACH transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,893,539

ENHANCED MANAGEMENT OF ACS IN MULTI-USER EDCA TRANSMISSION MODE IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A communication method in a communication network comprising a plurality of nodes, at least one node comprising a plurality of traffic queues for serving data traffic at different priorities; each traffic queue being associated with a respective queue backoff engine for computing, from contention parameters, a respective queue backoff value to be used to contend for access to a communication channel in order to transmit data stored in the respective traffic queue in an enhanced distributed channel access (EDCA) transmission opportunity (TXOP);the method comprising, at the node:
using a plurality of timers, each one associated with one of the traffic queues, each timer counting down a predetermined duration during which the contention parameters remain set to multi-user EDCA (MU-EDCA) parameters for the corresponding traffic queue before being set back to EDCA parameters different from the MU-EDCA parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,893,538

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR SCHEDULING UPLINK DATA

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method for a network node for generating a scheduling grant for a wireless device of a communication system, wherein the communication system supports variable Transmission Time Interval (TTI) lengths to be transmitted in one TTI, the method comprising:determining a TTI length for a scheduled TTI, wherein the TTI length is determined in number of symbols;
determining at least one reference signal parameter for the scheduled TTI, wherein the at least one reference symbol parameter is selected from a reference symbol position and a reference symbol cyclic shift;
accessing at least one mapping associating TTI indices, TTI lengths and one or more reference symbol parameters; and
encoding the TTI length and the at least one reference symbol parameter into a TTI index,
wherein the TTI length and the one or more reference symbol parameters are encoded into the TTI index using the at least one mapping.

US Pat. No. 10,893,537

METHOD FOR DETECTING DOWNLINK CONTROL INFORMATION AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method performed by a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:detecting first downlink control information transmitted from a specific cell;
based on the first downlink control information being detected, detecting second downlink control information included in a shortened downlink control channel, based on resource information on the shortened downlink control channel included in the first downlink control information; and
based on the first downlink control information being not detected, changing at least one of a shortened downlink data channel, a shortened uplink data channel, and a transmission and reception timing of ACK/NACK signals, which are previously configured based on capability of the UE,
wherein changing the at least one of the shortened downlink data channel, the shortened uplink data channel, and the transmission and reception timing of the ACK/NACK signals comprises:
measuring the capability of the UE and reporting the capability to the specific cell;
receiving information for at least one of the shortened downlink data channel, the shortened uplink data channel, and the transmission and reception timing of the ACK/NACK signals, which are determined by the specific cell, based on the capability of the UE; and
changing at least one of the shortened downlink data channel, the shortened uplink data channel, and the transmission and reception timing of the ACK/NACK signals, based on the received information.

US Pat. No. 10,893,536

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING UPLINK CONTROL CHANNEL IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND DEVICE THEREFOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A terminal for transmitting an uplink control channel in a wireless communication system, the terminal comprising:at least one radio frequency (RF) transceiver;
at least one processor; and
at least one memory that is operably connectable to the at least one processor and that has stored thereon at least one program which, when executed, causes the at least one processor to perform operations comprising:
receiving a first physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) based on a first transmission time interval (TTI) length;
receiving a second PDSCH based on a second TTI length different from the first TTI length; and
transmitting a first hybrid automatic repeat request acknowledgment (HARQ-ACK) feedback for the first PDSCH and a second HARQ-ACK feedback for the second PDSCH,
wherein transmitting the first HARQ-ACK feedback for the first PDSCH and the second HARQ-ACK feedback for the second PDSCH comprises:
based on transmission of the first HARQ-ACK feedback overlapping in time with transmission of the second HARQ-ACK feedback, transmitting the first HARQ-ACK feedback and the second HARQ-ACK feedback on a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) with the first TTI length or the second TTI length, whichever is the shorter TTI length.

US Pat. No. 10,893,535

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING UPLINK SIGNAL BETWEEN TERMINAL AND BASE STATION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR SUPPORTING UNLICENSED BAND, AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method of transmitting an uplink signal by a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system supporting an unlicensed band, the method comprising:mapping the uplink signal to at least one interlace among a plurality of interlaces, wherein one interlace among the plurality of interlaces is composed of a plurality of resource blocks (RBs) having an identical RB interval between adjacent RBs in a unit of a first frequency bandwidth,
wherein, based on a configured subcarrier spacing, a number of RBs included in at least one first interlace and a number of RBs included in at least one second interlace are differently configured, the at least one first interlace and the at least one second interlace being included in a number M of interlaces included in the unit of the first frequency bandwidth,
wherein, based on the configured subcarrier spacing being 15 kHz, M is configured as 10, the at least one first interlace is configured to include 10 RBs, and the at least one second interlace is configured to include 11 RBs; and
transmitting the uplink signal via the at least one interlace in the unlicensed band.

US Pat. No. 10,893,534

AIR INTERFACE RESOURCE ALLOCATION METHOD AND NETWORK DEVICE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. An air interface resource allocation method, comprising:allocating a first air interface resource to a first service with a first latency sensitivity;
allocating, to a second service with a second latency sensitivity that is greater than the first latency sensitivity, a second air interface resource on subcarriers of all frequency bands within a current transmission time interval (TTI); and
preempting, for the second service and in response to a quantity of idle resource elements of the second air interface resource allocated to the second service not meeting a quantity of resource elements required by the second service, resource elements of the first air interface resource allocated to the first service, wherein the second service has a higher priority for obtaining the first air interface resource than the first service.

US Pat. No. 10,893,533

METHODS OF SCHEDULING TRANSMISSIONS USING TIMING LIMITS AND RELATED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICES

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method of operating a wireless communication device providing sidelink communications with other wireless devices, the method comprising:scheduling a first transmission from the wireless communication device, wherein the first transmission has a first priority;
scheduling a second transmission from the wireless communication device, wherein the second transmission has a second priority, wherein the first priority is greater than the second priority, and wherein the first and second transmissions are scheduled for transmission during a time interval;
transmitting the first transmission during the time interval; and
responsive to determining a violation of a timing limit corresponding to scheduling the first and second transmissions during the time interval and responsive to the first priority being greater than the second priority, dropping transmitting the second transmission during the time interval.

US Pat. No. 10,893,531

RESOURCE ELEMENT ALLOCATION

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. A method of allocating frame resource elements in a fixed duration frame structure wireless communication network, said method comprising:determining respective channel estimates associated with respective ones of a plurality of user equipment to be scheduled in a given fixed duration frame having a fixed duration frame structure;
assessing whether a respective validity time associated with a respective channel estimate of a respective user equipment of the plurality of user equipment is current or has expired; and
allocating respective frame resource elements within said fixed duration frame to channel estimation if, according to said assessing, said respective validity time has expired and allocating said respective frame resources to data transmission if, according to said assessing, said respective validity time has not expired.

US Pat. No. 10,893,530

RADIO BASE STATION AND MOBILE STATION

NTT DOCOMO, INC., Tokyo ...

1. A mobile station comprising:a processor that manages flow priorities assigned to data flows to be transmitted to a radio base station via radio bearers;
wherein:
the processor performs priority control based on priorities assigned in relation to Flow Priority Indicators (FPIs) and Quality of Service Class Identifiers (QCIs), FPI indicating a flow priority of each data flow, and QCI indicating a class of Quality of Service,
the processor performs priority control over the data flows to be transmitted to the radio base station via the radio bearers,
the processor establishes a radio bearer with the radio base station for each of the flow priorities, and
the processor transfers each data flow to the radio bearer corresponding to the flow priority assigned to the data flow; and
a transmitter that transmits the data flow to the radio base station via the corresponding radio bearer,
wherein each of the flow priorities has a respective discard timer for discarding data in the corresponding data flow if a buffering time of the data exceeds a predetermined period.

US Pat. No. 10,893,529

UPLINK POWER LIMIT AWARE CELL SELECTION

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

1. A method comprising:scanning, by a transceiver of a communication device, for cells within communication range of the communication device, the transceiver supporting a maximum transmit power;
determining an uplink transmit power limit of the transceiver associated with each one of the cells, the uplink transmit power limit based, at least in part, on the maximum transmit power;
determining, based on a proximity of a target, whether a local constraint is applicable to the communication device, each local constraint requiring uplink transmit power to be less than the maximum transmit power, and each local constraint representing a graduated degree of local constraint that corresponds to a specific degree of proximity of the target and that is associated with a different uplink transmit power limit;
in response to determining that the local constraint is applicable, cutting back the uplink transmit power limit to the uplink transmit power limit associated with the applicable local constraint;
prioritizing selection of the cells for connecting to the communication device, based at least in part on the respective uplink transmit power limit, by giving highest priority to a prioritized cell having a lowest cut back; and
connecting to the prioritized cell among the cells.

US Pat. No. 10,893,528

WIRELESS CHANNEL ALLOCATION AMONGST MULTIPLE BASE STATIONS

Charter Communications Op...

1. A method comprising:receiving notification of operating conditions associated with a first wireless base station, the first wireless base station supporting communications to first communication devices via use of a first wireless channel;
based on analysis of the operating conditions, selecting a second wireless channel, the second wireless channel selected from a hierarchy of multiple wireless channels;
communicating a notification to the first wireless base station, the notification indicating the selection of the second wireless channel for use by the first wireless base station, the second wireless channel being a supplemental wireless channel allocated to the first wireless base station;
wherein the first wireless channel is a licensed wireless channel allocated for use by the first wireless base station, the first wireless base station having higher priority usage rights to use the first wireless channel over a general public user; and
wherein the second wireless channel is assigned for on-demand use by an entity having higher priority usage rights than usage rights of both the first wireless base station and the general public user.

US Pat. No. 10,893,527

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING DATA BASED ON PRIORITIZED BIT RATE IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting data through a logical channel by a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:determining whether data for the logical channel exists or not;
when the data for the logical channel exists, increasing a token value based on a prioritized Bit Rate (PBR) and time elapsed since the data becomes available for the logical channel; and
when the token value is greater than 0, transmitting the data or a part of the data through the logical channel,
wherein, when there is no data for the logical channel, the token value is not increased.

US Pat. No. 10,893,526

DYNAMICALLY MODIFYING RADIO STATES OF A USER DEVICE

Sprint Communications Com...

1. A method for dynamically modifying a radio state of a user device, the method comprising:monitoring, by the user device, one or more device properties associated with a power consumption of the user device;
determining a radio state change for the user device based on a triggering event corresponding to the one or more device properties, wherein the radio state of the user device comprises at least one of: 5G with high power (HP) capabilities enabled, 4G with HP capabilities enabled, 5G with HP capabilities disabled, 4G with HP capabilities disabled, 5G disabled, and 4G disabled;
based on the determined radio state change, automatically modifying the radio state of the user device;
transmitting information to a cell site in communication with a network based on the radio state of the user device, wherein a portion of the information comprises modified user device capability information; and
receiving communications based, in part, on the modified user device capability information.

US Pat. No. 10,893,525

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING CONTROL CHANNEL IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A communication method, comprising:receiving, at a terminal, a first message, the first message comprising a first set of parameters and a second set of parameters, wherein the first set of parameters comprises first location information and the second set of parameters comprises a second location information;
receiving, at the terminal, control information through a Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) in a first subframe, the control information comprising an identifier to identify the first set of parameters;
determining, at the terminal, a starting Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) symbol of a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) in the first subframe based on the first location information; and
receiving, at the terminal, data on the PDSCH in the first subframe.

US Pat. No. 10,893,524

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OFDMA RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN WLAN

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method by an access point (AP) in a wireless local area network (WLAN), the method comprising:associating, by the AP, with one or more stations (STAs); and
transmitting, by the AP, signaling of transmission resources to the one or more STAs, the transmission resources allowing simultaneous orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) transmissions by the one or more STAs in the WLAN;
the signaling being carried in an OFDMA sub-header of a Media Access Control (MAC) frame for one STA of the one or more STAs, and the OFDMA sub-header being dedicated as an OFDMA control field for carrying OFDMA control information to the one STA of the one or more STAs.

US Pat. No. 10,893,523

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION BETWEEN WIDEBAND ENB AND NARROWBAND UE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication at a base station, comprising:performing a dual clear channel assessment (CCA) procedure for a frame prior to transmitting a transmission, wherein the dual CCA procedure comprises CCA followed by a first extended CCA (eCCA) when the CCA is unsuccessful;
transmitting the transmission during the frame when at least one CCA procedure of the dual CCA procedure is successful;
refraining from transmitting during the frame when both CCA procedures of the dual CCA procedure are unsuccessful; and
when the CCA and the first eCCA of the dual CCA procedure are unsuccessful:
waiting until a next CCA location at a next frame boundary following the frame in which the CCA and the first eCCA are performed; and
performing a second eCCA at the next CCA location prior to transmitting the transmission, wherein the second eCCA comprises a next eCCA following the dual CCA procedure and is performed at the next CCA location without performing a new CCA at the next CCA location.

US Pat. No. 10,893,522

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION METHOD, DEVICE AND STORAGE MEDIUM

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A wireless communication method, comprising:receiving, by a terminal, resource configuration information, the resource configuration information being configured to determine a plurality of resource units divided in frequency and time of a specific carrier and type information of each resource unit, wherein the type information of each resource unit indicates that the resource unit is one of an uplink resource unit, a downlink resource unit, or a protection resource unit,
receiving, by the terminal, resource scheduling information, wherein the resource scheduling information indicates a first resource unit of the plurality of resource units which is configured for a terminal to receive or send data, and the resource scheduling information indicates a second resource unit of the plurality of resource units which is configured for the terminal to correspondingly send or receive Acknowledgement(ACK) information for the data, or indicates that ACK information for the data is not required, wherein the resource scheduling information indicates a numerical value;
when the numerical value is not 0, determining, by the terminal, a time position of the second resource unit based on a time position of the first resource unit and a time offset, wherein the time offset is equal to a product of a first unit time span and the numerical value; and
performing, by the terminal, communication on the carrier based on the resource units indicated by the resource scheduling information.

US Pat. No. 10,893,521

RADIO RESOURCE ASSIGNMENT IN CONTROL CHANNEL IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

GOOGLE TECHNOLOGY HOLDING...

3. A method in a wireless infrastructure entity, the method comprising:determining a channel condition of a wireless communication entity connected to the wireless infrastructure entity; and
transmitting a composite control channel from the wireless infrastructure entity, the composite control channel including (i) at least two control channel elements based on the channel condition of the wireless communication entity and (ii) a first portion allocated for assigning radio resources and a second portion allocated for data transfer.

US Pat. No. 10,893,520

DOWNLINK AND SYNCHRONIZATION TECHNIQUES FOR NARROWBAND WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication in a system that supports operation in a narrowband region of a system bandwidth, comprising:identifying a location of the narrowband region of the system bandwidth as a single resource block within a wideband region of the system bandwidth; and
transmitting an indication of the location of the single resource block within the wideband region of the system bandwidth, wherein the indication comprises a total wideband bandwidth of the system bandwidth and one or more common reference signal (CRS) resource elements (REs) included in the single resource block and is based at least in part on an offset with respect to a center of the wideband region.

US Pat. No. 10,893,519

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR DOWNLINK CONTROL CHANNEL TRANSMISSION AND DETECTION IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A terminal device, comprising:a processor and non-transitory machine-readable storage medium containing instructions that, when executed on the processor, are capable of causing the terminal device to perform:
determining at least one set of downlink control channel candidates from sets of downlink control channel candidates including:
a first set of downlink control channel candidates that is to target Quality of Service (QoS) requirements of Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Communication (URLLC) communication including a first target block error rate (BLER) threshold, that maps to a first set of aggregation levels, and that uses a first number of control information bits, and
a second set that is to target QoS requirements of enhanced Mobile BroadBand (eMBB) including a second target BLER threshold higher than the first target BLER threshold, that maps to a second set of aggregation levels, and that uses a second number of control information bits more than the first number of control information bits; and
detecting a downlink control channel in the determined at least one set of downlink control channel candidates, wherein the determined at least one set of downlink control channel candidates is mapped to the QoS requirements of URLLC communication.

US Pat. No. 10,893,518

SEPARATE CONFIGURATION OF NUMEROLOGY-ASSOCIATED RESOURCES

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

3. A method for receiving physical channels, comprising:receiving, by a User Equipment (UE), a Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH), the PDCCH being transmitted in a resource from a first bandwidth part (BWP) with a first associated numerology, wherein the first BWP with the first associated numerology is indicated by a first message for the PDCCH; and
receiving, by the UE, a Physical Downlink Sharing Channel (PDSCH), the PDSCH being transmitted in a resource from a second BWP with a second associated numerology, wherein the second BWP with the second associated numerology is indicated by a second message for the PDSCH,
wherein the PDCCH contains scheduling information of the PDSCH, wherein a value of the first associated numerology is different from a value of the second associated numerology, and wherein each of the first and second associated numerologies is at least one of a Subcarrier Spacing (SCS) or a cyclic prefix (CP).

US Pat. No. 10,893,517

ALMOST BLANK SUBFRAME IN CARRIER AGGREGATION

Comcast Cable Communicati...

1. A base station comprising:one or more processors; and
memory storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the base station to:
transmit a first message comprising a subframe allocation bitmap indicating a plurality of Almost Blank Subframes, wherein the plurality of Almost Blank Subframes consists of second, fourth, seventh, and ninth subframes of each frame in a plurality of frames;
transmit, to a wireless device, a first measurement subframe allocation bitmap indicating a first plurality of measurement subframes, of a primary carrier, that are not the plurality of Almost Blank Subframes;
transmit, to the wireless device, a second measurement subframe allocation bitmap indicating a second plurality of measurement subframes, of the primary carrier, different from the first plurality of measurement subframes; and
transmit a first Almost Blank Subframe at a power level that is lower than during a subframe that is not an Almost Blank Subframe.

US Pat. No. 10,893,516

TRANSMISSION OF BEAM SWITCH COMMANDS THROUGH CONTROL CHANNEL SIGNALING

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication by a user equipment (UE), comprising:establishing a connection with a base station using a first beam;
receiving configuration information configuring the UE to decode a first downlink control information (DCI) including a bit field comprising a beam switch command, wherein the UE is configurable to decode at least the first DCI including the bit field or a second DCI not including the bit field;
receiving a DCI transmission using the first beam, the DCI transmission including the beam switch command; and
communicating with the base station using a second beam based at least in part on the DCI transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,893,515

METHOD FOR PERFORMING PHYSICAL UPLINK CONTROL CHANNEL TRANSMISSION AND USER EQUIPMENT USING THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for receiving hybrid automatic repeat request-acknowledgement (HARQ-ACK) information in a wireless communication system, the method performed by a base station (BS) and comprising:transmitting system information to a user equipment (UE), wherein the system information informs the UE of a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) resource set among a plurality of PUCCH resource sets, and
receiving, from the UE, the HARQ-ACK information on a PUCCH based on a PUCCH resource in the PUCCH resource set,
wherein each of the plurality of PUCCH resource sets is pre-defined for the UE as a combination of a starting symbol, a number of symbols and a PUCCH format of the PUCCH resource set, and
wherein the PUCCH format of each of the plurality of PUCCH resource sets is either PUCCH format 0 or PUCCH format 1.

US Pat. No. 10,893,514

TERMINAL DEVICE, BASE STATION DEVICE, AND UPLINK RESPONSE SIGNAL TRANSMISSION METHOD

Sun Patent Trust, New Yo...

1. A base station comprising: a transmitter, which, in operation, transmits an enhanced physical downlink control channel (ePDCCH) and a first offset value, which is indicated by an acknowledgement/negative-acknowledgement (Ack/Nack) Resource Indicator (ARI), to a terminal apparatus; and a receiver, which, in operation, receives a response signal on a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) resource from the terminal apparatus, the PUCCH resource determined by the terminal apparatus based on a leading enhanced control channel element (eCCE) index (neccE) of the ePDCCH and the first offset value, wherein the first offset value is one of a plurality of first offset values including a fixed offset and a variable offset, the variable offset is calculated using a formula that includes, as a parameter, a size of an ePDCCH search space set configured for the terminal apparatus, the size of the ePDCCH search space set for a special subframe is smaller than the size of the ePDCCH search space set for a non-special subframe such that an absolute value of the first offset value calculated for a special subframe is smaller than an absolute value of the first offset value calculated for a non-special subframe, and the fixed offset is used as the first offset in response to a first ARI transmitted to the terminal apparatus, and the variable offset is used as the first offset in response to a second ARI different from the first ARI transmitted to the terminal apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,893,512

RESOURCE ELEMENT (RE) ALLOCATION FOR UPLINK CONTROL INFORMATION (UCI) ON PHYSICAL UPLINK SHARED CHANNEL (PUSCH)

MediaTek INC., Hsin-Chu ...

1. A method comprising:encoding uplink control information (UCI) for transmission on a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) by a user equipment (UE) in a new radio (NR) access network;
allocating UCI resource elements (REs) on the PUSCH following one or more selected UCI allocation rules comprising: (a) using same logical allocation patterns for both cyclic prefix orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (CP-OFDM) waveforms and Discrete-Fourier-Transform spread (DFT-S) OFDM waveforms, (b) distributing the UCI REs across a time domain of the PUSCH, and (c) distributing the UCI REs across a frequency domain for CP-OFDM waveforms or across a virtual-time domain for DFT-S-OFDM waveforms, and wherein the one or more UCI allocation rules are selected in allocating the UCI REs is based on a PUSCH code block allocation method, and wherein allocating the UCI REs is based on a number of OFDM symbols of the PUSCH, a number of subcarriers for the PUSCH, a weighting factor, and a number of information bits of uplink data, and wherein the weighting factor is obtained through system information from the NR access network; and
transmitting the UCI to a base station on the PUSCH.

US Pat. No. 10,893,511

SIMULTANEOUS DATA TRANSMISSION BETWEEN AN ACCESS POINT AND A PLURALITY OF STATIONS

WILUS INSTITUTE OF STANDA...

1. A wireless communication terminal comprising:a transceiver; and
a processor,
wherein the processor is configured to:
receive, through the transceiver, a first control frame which reserves a channel for a transmission between an access point and a first plurality of wireless communication terminals, includes terminal identifier fields, and includes information on each of channels respectively allocated to each of the first plurality of wireless communication terminals, from the access point, wherein a receiver address of the first control frame is a group address which indicates a second plurality of wireless communication terminals including the first plurality of wireless communication terminals, wherein the terminal identifier fields include a plurality of association identifiers, wherein each of the plurality of association identifiers respectively identifies the each of the first plurality of wireless communication terminals, and
transmit, by using the transceiver, a second control frame in response to the first control frame to the access point through a channel allocated to the wireless communication terminal which is indicated by the information when the wireless communication terminal determines that the channel allocated to the wireless communication terminal is idle for a predetermined time and at least one of the terminal identifier fields indicates the wireless communication terminal,
wherein the first control frame includes a duration field which is used for setting a network allocation vector for the transmission between the access point and the first plurality of wireless communication terminals,
wherein a inter-frame space between the first control frame and the second control frame is the predetermined time.

US Pat. No. 10,893,510

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING HARQ ACK/NACK FROM USER EQUIPMENT SIMULTANEOUSLY ACCESSING MULTIPLE CELLS

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting a hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) acknowledgement (ACK)/non-acknowledgement (NACK), the method performed by a user equipment (UE) and comprising:receiving a time division duplex (TDD) uplink (UL)-downlink (DL) configuration for a serving cell, which is a frequency division duplex (FDD) based cell;
receiving an HARQ subframe offset related to the TDD UL-DL configuration for the serving cell; and
transmitting the HARQ ACK/NACK on an uplink subframe of the serving cell,
wherein the uplink subframe of the serving cell is a FDD subframe,
wherein the uplink subframe of the serving cell is determined based on the HARQ subframe offset and the TDD UL-DL configuration for the serving cell, and
wherein an uplink signal is not transmitted to the serving cell on a subframe other than the uplink subframe of the serving cell determined based on the HARQ subframe offset and the TDD UL-DL configuration for the serving cell.

US Pat. No. 10,893,509

MULTIPLE TRI-STATE HARQ PROCESSES

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of communication at a wireless device, comprising:identifying for each of a plurality of hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) processes an active indication or an inactive indication, wherein each of the plurality of HARQ processes is associated with a plurality of transport blocks to be transmitted in a data signal during a first transmission time interval (TTI);
determining for HARQ processes of the plurality of HARQ processes associated with the active indication, a new transmission state or a retransmission state;
transmitting a control message for the data signal comprising the plurality of transport blocks to be transmitted during the first TTI, the control message comprising a plurality of HARQ process indications, wherein each HARQ process indication indicates one of the new transmission state or the retransmission state for each of the HARQ processes associated with the active indication; and
transmitting the data signal comprising the plurality of transport blocks during the first TTI, wherein each of the plurality of transport blocks corresponds to at least one of the new transmission state, the retransmission state or the inactive indication based at least in part on the control message.

US Pat. No. 10,893,508

COMMUNICATION METHOD, TERMINAL, ACCESS NETWORK DEVICE, AND CORE NETWORK DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A communication method, wherein the method comprises:determining, for a terminal and by an access network device, whether adjusting a resource of a slice accessed by the terminal is required based on a network spectrum resource usage status;
sending, by the access network device in response to a determination that adjusting the resource of the slice accessed by the terminal is required based on the network spectrum resource usage status, a slice resource adjustment message to the terminal, wherein the slice resource adjustment message comprises target resource information, and wherein the slice resource adjustment message is used to instruct the terminal to adjust the resource of the slice currently accessed by the terminal to a target resource; and
receiving, by the access network device, a slice resource adjustment complete message sent by the terminal, wherein the slice resource adjustment complete message is used to indicate that the terminal has adjusted the resource of the slice currently accessed by the terminal to the target resource.

US Pat. No. 10,893,507

METHOD FOR NOTIFYING AND DETERMINING REPETITIVE PATTERN OF UPLINK DATA, USER EQUIPMENT, AND BASE STATION

NTT DOCOMO, INC., Tokyo ...

1. A method for notifying a repetition pattern of uplink data, performed by a user equipment, comprising:selecting one of a plurality of repetition patterns as a repetition pattern of uplink data; and
implicitly or explicitly notifying a base station of the selected repetition pattern by the uplink data, so that the base station acquires the repetition pattern selected by the user equipment, the explicitly notifying the base station of the selected repetition pattern by the uplink data including:
explicitly notifying the base station of the selected repetition pattern by the uplink data, by multiplexing the uplink data with control information including information indicating the selected repetition pattern and transmitting the multiplexed data to the base station.

US Pat. No. 10,893,506

MULTIPURPOSE DOWNLINK CONTROL INFORMATION BIT FIELDS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication, comprising:monitoring a control channel for downlink control information (DCI) from a base station;
identifying a DCI message in the control channel corresponding to a radio network temporary identifier (RNTI) used to successfully descramble cyclic redundancy check (CRC) bits attached to the DCI message, the DCI message having a DCI format;
interpreting at least one bit field in the DCI message based at least in part on the RNTI, wherein interpreting the at least one bit field of the DCI message of the DCI format comprise interpreting the at least one bit field in the DCI message as a first indication when the RNTI comprises a first RNTI and interpreting the at least one bit field in the DCI message as a second indication when the RNTI comprises a second RNTI that is different from the first RNTI, wherein the first RNTI comprises a paging RNTI (P-RNTI) and the first indication comprises a short message indicator; and
communicating with the base station based at least in part on interpreting the at least one bit field in the DCI message.

US Pat. No. 10,893,505

ENHANCED PAGER NETWORK

Statum Systems Inc., Wel...

1. A system comprising:one or more processors; and
a memory storing instructions that, when executed by at least one processor among the one or more processors, cause the system to perform operations comprising:
detecting a pairing of a pager module with a client device, the client device associated with a user identifier, and the pager module associated with a pager identifier;
updating a database to include a record of the pairing of the pager module with the client device, the record of the pairing including at least the pager identifier of the pager module and the user identifier of the client device;
receiving message data that includes at least message content, and the user identifier;
identifying the pager identifier of the pager module paired with the client device within the database based on the user identifier from the message data;
transmitting the message data to the pager module identified by the pager identifier;
causing the pager module to identify the client device communicatively coupled with the pager module based on the user identifier from the message data;
causing the pager module to transmit the message content to the client device; and
causing display of a notification that includes a presentation of the message content at the client device.

US Pat. No. 10,893,504

PAGING METHOD AND APPARATUS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A paging method, comprising:determining, by user equipment in response to a reporting trigger condition, reference paging information based at least in part on a moving speed of the user equipment and a moving direction of the user equipment, comprising:
determining a first trigger condition when the moving speed of the user equipment is greater than a specified speed threshold P, and the user equipment passes through D cells,
determining a second trigger condition when the moving speed of the user equipment is less than or equal to the specified speed threshold P and is greater than a specified speed threshold Q, and the user equipment passes through E cells,
determining a third trigger condition when the moving speed of the user equipment is less than or equal to the specified speed threshold Q, and the user equipment passes through F cells,
determining the moving direction while assessing the moving speed of the user equipment,
determining a recommended paging area based on a moving speed associated with a determined trigger condition and the moving direction, and
wherein D, E, and F are positive integers, D is greater than E, E is greater than F, and P is greater than Q;
sending, by the user equipment, the recommended paging area with the reference paging information to a network device for determining a paging area of the user equipment; and
receiving, by the user equipment, a paging message sent in the paging area by the network device.

US Pat. No. 10,893,503

USER EQUIPMENT, NETWORK NODE AND RADIO COMMUNICATION METHOD

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A user equipment (UE), comprising:an electronic circuit configured, based respectively on whether the UE is pageable or unpageable, to either receive pages directed to the UE from a network or not receive any pages from the network, wherein when the UE is unpageable, the UE will never listen for pages from the cellular network while the UE is in an associated operational mode; and
a radio interface operative to transmit, from the UE, at least one message including paging related information in an initial attach or initial network registration procedure, wherein the at least one message includes at least one of a UE category indicator or at least one pageability indicator bit that indicates whether the UE is pageable or unpageable,
wherein the electronic circuit is configured to control the radio interface in dependence on the paging related information.

US Pat. No. 10,893,502

RANGE-FINDING AND OBJECT-POSITIONING SYSTEMS AND METHODS USING SAME

ZEROKEY INC.

1. A positioning system comprising:at least one first reference device;
at least one target device;
a first server; and
at least one processing unit for communication with the first server and at least one of the at least one first reference device and the at least one target device;
wherein the at least one target device and the at least one first reference device are configured for communication therebetween via at least one first wireless signal set, the at least one first wireless signal set at least comprising a first-speed signal having a first transmission speed and a second-speed signal having a second transmission speed lower than the first-speed signal and transmitted after a delay from the transmission of the first-speed signal;
wherein the at least one processing unit is configured for:
determining at least one first distance between the at least one target device and the at least one first reference device at least based on the delay and a time difference between a receiving time of the first-speed signal and a receiving time of the second-speed signal of the at least one first wireless signal set communicated between the at least one target device and the at least one first reference device, and
sending position-related information to the first server at least based on the at least one first distance.

US Pat. No. 10,893,501

POWER ALLOCATION AT WIRELESS NETWORK COVERAGE EDGE

1. A system comprising:a processor; and
a memory that stores computer-executable instructions that, in response to execution by the processor, cause the processor to perform operations comprising:
generating a power allocation command directed to a user equipment, wherein the power allocation command instructs the user equipment to report a location of the user equipment in response to a trigger event associated with the user equipment, and wherein the power allocation command instructs the user equipment to suspend execution of a shut-down routine for powering off the user equipment until after the user equipment attempts to report the location of the user equipment,
providing the power allocation command to the user equipment, and
receiving a reported location of the user equipment, wherein the reported location indicates the location of the user equipment at a corresponding time relative to occurrence of the trigger event.

US Pat. No. 10,893,500

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR DETECTING POSITION CHANGE OF AN ACCESS POINT

BEIJING DIDI INFINITY TEC...

1. A computer-implemented method for detecting position change of an access point, the method comprising:obtaining a list of access stations scanned by a terminal device, wherein the list of scanned access stations includes the access point; and
detecting the position change of the access point when the list of scanned access stations does not include a reference access station in association with the access point.

US Pat. No. 10,893,499

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR A RANGING PROTOCOL

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method, at a first wireless station (STA), comprising:transmitting a first fine timing measurement (FTM) message in a burst of FTM messages to a second STA;
receiving an acknowledgement message transmitted from the second STA in response to receipt of the FTM message at the second STA; and
transmitting a second FTM message in the burst of FTM messages immediately after Short Interframe Space (SIFS) duration following receipt of the acknowledgement message.