US Pat. No. 10,665,326

DEEP PROTEOME MARKERS OF HUMAN BIOLOGICAL AGING AND METHODS OF DETERMINING A BIOLOGICAL AGING CLOCK

Insilico Medicine IP Limi...

1. A method of creating a biological aging clock for a subject, the method comprising:(a) receiving a proteome signature derived from a tissue or organ of the subject;
(b) creating input vectors based on the proteome signature;
(c) inputting the input vectors into a machine learning platform;
(d) generating a predicted biological aging clock of the tissue or organ based on the input vectors by the machine learning platform, wherein the biological aging clock is specific to the tissue or organ; and
(e) preparing a report that includes the biological aging clock that identifies a predicted biological age of the tissue or organ.

US Pat. No. 10,665,250

REAL-TIME FEEDBACK DURING AUDIO RECORDING, AND RELATED DEVICES AND SYSTEMS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An apparatus having a microphone transducer, a processor, and a memory containing instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the apparatus to:initiate an audio recording responsive to a selected input;
convert the sound received at the microphone transducer to an audio-input signal;
determine, in real-time, a measure of perceptual sound quality for the audio-input signal relative to an expected perceptual sound quality that corresponds to an estimated distance of the apparatus from an intended audio source;
in real-time, responsive to the measure of perceptual sound quality passing the expected perceptual sound quality, select a feedback mechanism from a plurality of feedback mechanisms;
in real-time, output user-perceptible guidance corresponding to the selected feedback mechanism; and
modify the user-perceptible guidance when the observed measure of perceptual sound quality changes by a predetermined measure.

US Pat. No. 10,665,133

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SIMULATING AN ULTRASOUND SCANNING SESSION

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A method, comprising:acquiring, by a camera, an image of at least a portion of a simulated scan surface, wherein a probe simulator comprising a simulated transducer surface having a visually coded pattern is maneuvered on a first side of the simulated scan surface, and wherein the camera is positioned on a second side of the simulated scan surface opposite the first side;
analyzing, by a processor, the acquired image to identify the visually coded pattern of the simulated transducer surface of the probe simulator maneuvered on the first side of the simulated scan surface;
determining, by the processor, a position and orientation of the probe simulator based on the visually coded pattern identified in the acquired image;
estimating, by the processor, a scan plane based at least in part on the determined position and orientation of the probe simulator;
retrieving, by the processor, an ultrasound image from storage, wherein the ultrasound image corresponds with the estimated scan plane; and
presenting, via a display system, the retrieved ultrasound image.

US Pat. No. 10,667,449

ROTARY HEAD TYPE COMPONENT MOUNTER

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A rotary head type component mounter, comprising:a rotary head configured to hold a specified quantity of suction nozzles in an exchangeable manner at a specified nozzle pitch in a circumferential direction;
a nozzle station configured such that multiple suction nozzles are arranged to be exchanged with a suction nozzle held by the rotary head;
a head rotating mechanism configured to revolve the specified quantity of suction nozzles in a rotation direction of the rotary head by rotating the rotary head;
a head moving mechanism configured to move the rotary head in XY directions to and from a component pickup area at which component pickup operation is performed, a component mounting area at which component mounting operation is performed, and a nozzle exchange area at which exchange operation of suction nozzles is performed;
a Z-axis driving mechanism configured to drive raise and lower the suction nozzle in the component pickup area, the component mounting area, and the nozzle exchange area so as to perform component pickup, component mounting, and exchange of the suction nozzle;
a control means configured to perform control of the head rotating mechanism, the head moving mechanism, and the Z-axis driving mechanism; and
a station position and angle detecting means configured to detect a position and angle of the nozzle station,
wherein
the Z-axis driving mechanism is configured to simultaneously lower multiple suction nozzles of the specified quantity of suction nozzles held by the rotary head, and
the control means is configured to, when the head moving mechanism moves the rotary head to the nozzle exchange area for exchange of suction nozzles to be performed, correct the position of the rotary head moved by the head moving mechanism based on a position of the nozzle station detected by the station position and angle detecting means, correct the rotation angle of the rotary head rotated by the head rotating mechanism to be aligned with the angle of the nozzle station detected by the station position and angle detecting means, and cause the Z-axis driving mechanism to simultaneously lower multiple of the suction nozzles held by the rotary head and perform simultaneous exchange with multiple of the suction nozzles in the nozzle station.

US Pat. No. 10,664,150

PROVIDING GROUP MESSAGING THREAD HIGHLIGHTS

WHATSAPP INC., Menlo Par...

1. A non-transitory computer-readable medium storing instructions thereon that, when executed by at least one processor, cause a computer system to:determine, for a group messaging thread comprising a plurality of participants, a period of time corresponding to a participant's absence from the group messaging thread;
identify one or more highlight messages from a plurality of electronic messages added to the group messaging thread during the determined period of time corresponding to the participant's absence from the group messaging thread, the one or more highlight messages identified according to category types;
in response to the participant accessing the group messaging thread after the participant's absence from the group messaging thread, provide a horizontally scrollable display that is movably positioned within a graphical user interface below a last electronic message accessed by the participant within the graphical user interface comprising the group messaging thread, the horizontally scrollable display comprising an arrangement according to the category types of one or more highlight excerpts associated with the identified one or more highlight messages; and
in response to a detected selection of a highlight excerpt in the horizontally scrollable display;
navigate, within the group messaging thread, to a display position corresponding to a highlight message associated with the selected highlight excerpt; and
reposition the horizontally scrollable display below the highlight message associated with the selected highlight excerpt.

US Pat. No. 10,664,899

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTION OF NAVIGATION TO PHYSICAL VENUE AND SUGGESTION OF ALTERNATIVE ACTIONS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, at a computing system and from a mobile computing device, location information indicating a first location of the mobile computing device;
receiving, at the computing system and from the mobile computing device, information indicating that a user of the mobile computing device intends to travel to a physical venue;
determining a predicted travel route to the physical venue from the first location of the mobile computing device;
calculating a quantitative value of the predicted travel route to the physical venue; comparing the quantitative value of the predicted travel route to a determined criteria to determine if the quantitative value of the predicted travel route satisfies the determined criteria;
detecting movement of the mobile computing device in a direction toward the physical venue by:
receiving, at the computing system and from the mobile computing device, additional location information indicating a second location of the mobile computing device;
comparing the first location of the mobile computing device to the second location of the mobile computing device to determine that the second location is closer to an in the direction of the physical venue with comparison to the first location;
determining that the mobile computing device has begun to travel in a direction toward the physical venue in response to determining that the second location is closer to and in the direction of the physical venue with comparison to the first location;
identifying a webpage associated with the physical venue;
in response to (i) determining that the quantitative value of the predicted travel route satisfies the determined criteria, (ii) determining that the mobile computing device has begun to travel in a direction toward the physical venue, and (iii) identifying the webpage associated with the physical venue, generating display information for presentation to the user at the mobile computing device, the display information including a network address for the webpage; and
transmitting, by the computing system, the display information to the mobile computing device for presentation to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,664,772

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FACILITATING COLLABORATION SESSIONS

STEELCASE INC., Grand Ra...

1. A collaboration system for sharing digital content among a plurality of system users during a conference session wherein each user uses a personal computing device that includes a device display screen, the collaboration system comprising:a wireless receiver;
at least one large common display screen;
a processor linked to the receiver and the display, the processor programmed to perform the steps of:
providing a user interface via each of the device display screens wherein each interface includes a sharing window, a file queue and a conferee queue, the conferee queue presenting a separate conferee icon for each user associated with one of the personal computing devices that is linked to the system to participate in the session, the file queue listing separate instances of content added to the session by linked conferees;
for each file in the file queue, visually indicating on each user interface which conferee added the file to the file queue for use during the session;
receiving input via any one of the user interfaces to move a file from the file queue to the sharing window and in response, representing the file in the sharing window on each of the interfaces; and
replicating the content presented in the sharing window on the large common display screen.

US Pat. No. 10,664,519

VISUAL RECOGNITION USING USER TAP LOCATIONS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving (i) a query image and (ii) a user tap location;
processing the query image to determine respective positions of a plurality of entities depicted in the query image, the respective positions defined by a respective bounding box around each of the plurality of entities depicted in the query image;
identifying an entity depicted in the query image based on the determined positions of the entities depicted in the query image and the user tap location, comprising determining that the user tap location lies within a bounding box of the identified entity depicted in the query image; and
in response to receiving (i) the query image and (ii) the user tap location, providing information about the identified entity based on a proximity of the identified entity to the user tap location, comprising:
obtaining content descriptive of the identified entity based on determining that the user tap location lies within the bounding box of the identified entity depicted in the query image, wherein the content comprises a plurality of suggested textual search queries;
providing, to the user device for display on the user device with the query image, the content descriptive of the identified entity; and
in response to a user of the user device selecting a particular suggested textual search query of the plurality of suggested textual search queries, providing search results responsive to the particular suggested textual search query to the user device for display on the user device.

US Pat. No. 10,663,248

LIMB AND STRING PACK FOR CROSSBOW

1. A limb and string pack for a crossbow, comprising:a base installed to an installation recess defined in a top of a front end of the barrel of the crossbow, the installation recess including two end openings and an open top, the base including a passage which communicates with the two end openings of the installation recess;
two links respectively extending from the base and extending beyond the two end openings and toward the front end of the barrel of the crossbow, a pocket connected to a free end each of the two links;
two limbs connected to the two pockets and located next to the two links;
two cams respectively and pivotably connected to a free end of the two limbs;
a string connected between the two cams and located above the barrel of the crossbow;
two cables respectively extending through the passage of the base and connected to the limbs and the cams, and
a first bolt extending through the two links, the barrel of the crossbow, the installation recess and the base, a second bolt extending through the links and the front end of the barrel of the crossbow.

US Pat. No. 10,667,438

MAINTENANCE PREDICTION OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES USING PERIODIC THERMAL EVALUATION

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A method for determining whether to perform maintenance for an electronic computing device comprising a memory and a computer processor, the method comprising:generating a baseline characterization of thermal performance by a thermal system for a heat-generating component of the electronic computing device at a baseline date based on a constant power benchmark of the heat-generating component;
generating an assessment characterization of the thermal performance by the thermal system based on an additional constant power benchmark of the heat-generating component that is performed at an assessment date after the baseline date;
generating a historical trend by the thermal system for the heat-generating component, comprising the baseline characterization and the assessment characterization;
estimating a maintenance date to perform thermal maintenance on the electronic computing device based on the historical trend and a specified maintenance parameter; and
performing the thermal maintenance on the maintenance date.

US Pat. No. 10,664,132

PRINTED USER INTERFACE

PepsiCo, Inc., Purchase,...

1. A beverage dispensing system, comprising:a dispensing port configured to dispense a beverage;
a transparent touch panel comprising one or more touch sensitive areas;
a printed display panel disposed behind the transparent touch panel, the printed display panel comprising visual markings defining one or more portions associated with selectable options for a user of the beverage dispensing system, wherein the one or more portions correspond to the one or more touch sensitive areas;
a control unit configured to receive input from the transparent touch panel and cause the dispensing port to dispense the beverage based on the input; and
one or more lights, wherein the control unit is configured to sequentially illuminate a first light of the one or more lights to illuminate a first visual marking and a second light of the one or more lights to illuminate a second visual marking based on the input.

US Pat. No. 10,667,451

COMPONENT MOUNTER WITH A PUSH FUNCTION

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A component mounter comprising:a conveyance device configured to convey a board and hold the board at a specified position;
a supply device configured to supply a component; and
two mounting units, each mounting unit including
a tool rotation device, and
a component handling tool, the component handling tool including a base section and a protruding portion extending in a downward direction from the base section, the protruding portion including a first end attached to the base section at a tool attaching position and a second end positioned offset with respect to the tool attaching position in a direction perpendicular to the downward direction.

US Pat. No. 10,667,450

CARRIER TAPE FEEDING DEVICE, CHIP MOUNTING SYSTEM, AND CHIP MOUNTING METHOD

Hanwha Precision Machiner...

1. A carrier tape feeding device comprising:a transfer unit for transferring a first carrier tape and a second carrier tape sequentially to a chip mounting apparatus;
a rotation unit selectively engaged to a part of the first carrier tape with which a part of the second carrier tape contacts, and for transferring the second carrier tape to the transfer unit;
a detecting sensor unit for detecting sequential existence of the first carrier tape or the second carrier tape supplied to the transfer unit, and existence of the second carrier tape supplied to the rotation unit; and
a controller for determining existence of the first carrier tape based on a signal detected by the detecting sensor unit, and controlling at least one of the transfer unit and the rotation unit to be driven based on the existence of the first carrier tape,
wherein the transfer unit comprises a first transfer unit for transferring the first carrier tape of the second carrier tape and a second transfer unit spaced apart from the first transfer unit in a predetermined interval to transfer the first carrier tape or the second carrier tape,
wherein the second transfer unit comprises a second sprocket for transferring the first carrier tape or the second carrier tape as a part of the second sprocket is inserted into a first transfer hole of the first carrier tape or a second transfer hole of the second carrier tape, and
wherein the chip mounting apparatus comprises a pick-up nozzle for picking up a first component of the first carrier tape or a second component of the second carrier tape, wherein the pick-up nozzle is disposed over a center of rotation of the second sprocket.

US Pat. No. 10,667,448

ELECTRONIC COMPONENT MOUNTING METHOD

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. An electronic component mounting method comprising:setting a portion of electronic component mounters as independent production mounters and a remaining portion of the electronic component mounters as second lane dedicated mounters;
deciding initial estimation conditions by provisionally setting all the electronic component mounters as the independent production mounters;
allocating mounting of a first set of electronic components on a first board to a first mounting head of one of the independent production mounters;
allocating mounting of a second set of electronic components on a second board to a second mounting head of the one of the independent production mounters and to a first mounting head and a second mounting head of one of the second lane dedicated mounters,
the electronic component mounting method being a method in which at least one of a component quantity or component types are different for the first set of electronic components to be mounted on the first board and the second set of electronic components to be mounted on the second board, and using an electronic component mounting system in which the electronic component mounters are arranged in series with respective first conveyance lanes of the electronic component mounters connected in series and respective second conveyance lanes of the electronic component mounters connected in series, the electronic component mounters each including a board conveyance device including the first conveyance lane that loads and unloads the first board and the second conveyance lane that loads and unloads the second board,
the first mounting head, provided adjacent to the first conveyance lane, configured to mount the first set of electronic components on the first board loaded on the first conveyance lane and to mount the second set of electronic components on the second board loaded on the second conveyance lane, and
the second mounting head, provided adjacent to the second conveyance lane, configured to mount the first set of electronic components on the first board loaded on the first conveyance lane and to mount the second set of electronic components on the second board loaded on the second conveyance lane;
determining whether a first production required time obtained by multiplying a first lane cycle time by a first production quantity, and a second production required time obtained by multiplying a second lane cycle time by a second production quantity are approximately the same,
while the first production required time is smaller than the second production required time, changing the initial estimation conditions to a changed estimation condition by changing settings so as to allocate one of the independent production mounters at that point as the second lane dedicated mounter; and
when the first production required time becomes larger than or substantially the same as the second production required time, allocates the multiple component mounters as the independent production mounters and the second lane dedicated mounters based on the changed estimation conditions.

US Pat. No. 10,667,447

COMPONENTS FEEDER

YAMAHA HATSUDOKI KABUSHIK...

1. A component feeder for feeding components to a component feeding position using a component feeding tape including a carrier tape holding the components at equal intervals and a covering tape attached to an upper surface of the carrier tape, the component feeder comprising:a driving sprocket configured to feed the component feeding tape to the component feeding position; and
a tape guide comprising:
a guide body including a pressing surface to press an upper surface of the component feeding tape fed to the component feeding position;
a component exposer configured to expose the components in the component feeding tape fed to the component feeding position, the component exposer including an inserter configured for insertion between the carrier tape and the covering tape; and
an adjuster configured to adjust a projection amount of the inserter from the pressing surface.

US Pat. No. 10,667,446

COMPONENT PICKUP RATE CALCULATING SYSTEM FOR A COMPONENT MOUNTER

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A component pickup rate calculating system for a component mounter that picks up components supplied by a tape feeder and mounts the components on a circuit board, the system comprising:a control device comprising:
a first counter configured to count a component pickup operation quantity of a suction nozzle during operation of the component mounter, and
a second counter configured to count a pickup error rate representing cases in which the suction nozzle could not pick up the component, or a pickup rate representing cases in which the suction nozzle could pick up a component; and
a production management computer configured to calculate a ratio of the pickup rate or a ratio of the pickup error rate with respect to the component pickup operation quantity of the suction nozzle as a component pickup rate based on a count value of the first control device and a count value of the second control device, wherein
the production management computer is configured to:
calculate separate component pickup rates, the separate component pickup rates being a component pickup rate for a region until a specified quantity of component pickup operations immediately after the tape feeder is set on the component mounter or a region until a feeding length of component supply tape set on the tape feeder is a specified length as an after-feeder setting component pickup rate, and a component pickup rate after the region has passed as a main component pickup rate, and
determine when one of the component pickup rates reaches a notification or warning level, the production management computer displaying a list of component pickup rates with the notification or warning when the level is reached.

US Pat. No. 10,667,445

POSITION RECOGNITION APPARATUS FOR PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD, POSITION RECOGNITION AND PROCESSING APPARATUS, AND PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD MANUFACTURING METHOD

NIPPON MEKTRON, LTD., To...

1. A position recognition apparatus for printed circuit board configured to recognize a mounting position of an LED package on the printed circuit board, the LED package including a phosphor emitting fluorescence in operation, the position recognition apparatus for printed circuit board comprising:an illuminating means configured to irradiate the printed circuit board with light containing a blue component;
an observation filter configured to selectively pass at least blue light of reflected light from the printed circuit board and fluorescence from the phosphor and cut light in a wavelength region longer than a wavelength of the blue light;
an imaging means configured to capture an image of the light passed by the observation filter; and
an image processing means configured to calculate a position of the phosphor on the printed circuit board, based on image data captured by the imaging means.

US Pat. No. 10,667,444

ELECTROMAGNETIC-WAVE-ABSORBING COMPOSITE SHEET

Seiji Kagawa, Koshigaya-...

1. An electromagnetic-wave-absorbing composite sheet comprising an electromagnetic-wave-absorbing film and an electromagnetic-wave-shielding film laminated on said electromagnetic-wave-absorbing film;said electromagnetic-wave-absorbing film having a single- or multi-layer thin metal film formed on a surface of a plastic film, said thin metal film being provided with large numbers (pluralities) of substantially parallel, intermittent, linear scratches with irregular widths and intervals in plural directions; and
an area ratio of said electromagnetic-wave-shielding film to said electromagnetic-wave-absorbing film being 10-80%.

US Pat. No. 10,667,443

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE BLOCKING DEVICE HAVING ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE SHIELDING AND ABSORBING CAPACITY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR

KOREA E3TEST INSTITUTE IN...

1. An electromagnetic wave blocking device having electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing capacity, the electromagnetic wave blocking device comprising:an electromagnetic wave blocking device body part configured such that materials having different shielding and absorbing characteristics are arranged on both sides of a boundary of their coupling portions or an identical material is mixed with shielding and absorbing materials to thus enable electromagnetic wave absorption and electromagnetic wave shielding; and
an edge electromagnetic wave absorbing part formed along the boundary of the blocking device body part to thus additionally reduce electromagnetic waves, wherein the blocking device body part comprises:
a plate-shaped electromagnetic absorption part made of an electromagnetic wave absorbing material mixed inside the identical material or having a preset thickness; and
a plate-shaped electromagnetic shielding part coupled to one surface of the electromagnetic absorption part, and configured such that the mixed material or a thickness thereof is adjustable depending on a frequency of a blocking target.

US Pat. No. 10,667,442

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LENOVO SINGAPORE PTE LTD,...

8. An electronic device comprising:an electronic circuit board on which an electronic component is mounted;
an antenna for receiving radio waves;
a shield structure that shields against electromagnetic wave noise generated from said electronic component, wherein said shield structure includes:
a conductive heat diffusion plate, provided in a position facing a mounting surface of said electronic circuit board on which said electronic component is mounted, and diffuses heat generated from said electronic component;
a conductive wall member, provided on said mounting surface of said electronic circuit board, and separates said electronic component that generates said electromagnetic wave noise from said antenna, wherein said conductive wall member includes multiple metal plates arranged side-by-side mounted on said electronic circuit board, wherein said conductive wall member includes:
a first subset of said multiple metal plates having a first height dimension from that of said mounting surface of said electronic circuit board; and
a second subset of said multiple metal plates other than said first subset of said multiple metal plates, said second set of said multiple metal plates have a second height dimension from that of said mounting surface of said electronic circuit board, wherein said first height dimension is greater than said second height dimension; and
a conductive sponge member, firmly fixed to said mounting surface of said electronic circuit board and a surface of said conductive heat diffusion plate that faces said mounting surface of said electronic circuit board, separates said electronic component that generates said electromagnetic wave noise from said antenna; and
a heat pipe narrower than said conductive heat diffusion plate is joined to said surface of said conductive heat diffusion plate, wherein said second subset of said multiple metal plates are placed in a position corresponding to said heat pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,667,441

ELECTRONIC UNIT

1. An electronic unit for a hand-held power tool, the electronic unit comprising:a mounting frame having an accommodation space into which a circuit board carrying a plurality of electronic components is inserted and a slot section that protrudes from a bottom surface of the mounting frame; and
at least one heat sink for heat dissipation of waste heat arising at the electronic components;
wherein the slot section has at least one insertion slot oriented substantially perpendicular to the circuit board, for mounting an electronic component along a direction of insertion, and
wherein the at least one heat sink is associated with the slot section.

US Pat. No. 10,667,440

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INVERTER MODULE HEAT SINK

SF MOTORS, INC., Santa C...

1. A heat sink module of an inverter module to power an electric vehicle, comprising: a heat sink body having a plurality of mounting holes, a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet; a cooling channel formed in the heat sink body; the cooling channel fluidly coupled with the fluid inlet and the fluid outlet; an insulator plate coupled with the heat sink body; the insulator plate having a first surface and a second surface; an open inner region formed in the insulator plate; the second surface of the insulator plate couples with a joining surface of the heat sink body to seal the cooling channel, the insulator plate forming a top surface of the cooling channel; a heat sink lid disposed over the first surface of the insulator plate; and the heat sink lid to couple with the mounting holes of the heat sink body to secure the heat sink lid to the heat sink body.

US Pat. No. 10,667,439

DISCRETE POWER COMPONENT ASSEMBLY

Franklin Electric Company...

1. A motor drive comprising:a motherboard;
a controller mounted on the motherboard;
a heat sink; and
a discrete power component assembly mounted to the motherboard, the discrete power component assembly including:
two discrete power components,
a motherboard facing plate intermediate the motherboard and the two discrete power components, the motherboard facing plate adjacent planar surfaces of the two discrete power components; and
a heat sink facing plate adjacent planar surfaces of the two discrete power components which are opposite the planar surfaces adjacent the motherboard facing plate, wherein the heat sink facing plate and the motherboard facing plate are secured to each other to hold the two discrete power components therebetween,
wherein the discrete power component assembly is positioned between the heat sink and the motherboard.

US Pat. No. 10,667,437

LIQUID DISTRIBUTION UNIT DESIGN FOR LIQUID COOLING OF ELECTRONIC RACKS OF A DATA CENTER

BAIDU USA LLC, Sunnyvale...

1. An electronic rack of a data center, comprising:a rack manifold having a rack liquid supply line to receive first cooling liquid from a cooling liquid source and a rack liquid return line to return first warmer liquid back to the cooling liquid source;
a plurality of server blades arranged in a stack, each server blades including one or more cold plates associated with one or more information technology (IT) components; and
a set of one or more liquid distribution units (LDUs) coupled between the rack manifold and the server blades, wherein each LDU includes an LDU container,
a liquid supply port to receive the first cooling liquid from the rack supply line to be contained within the LDU container,
a liquid return port to return the first warmer liquid from the LDU container to the rack liquid return line to form a primary liquid distribution loop,
one or more pairs of supply sub-ports and return sub-ports, each pair supplying and returning second cooling liquid to and from at least one of the cold plates of the server blades, and
a heat exchange channel coupled to the pairs of supply sub-ports and return sub-ports to form a secondary liquid distribution loop, wherein the heat exchange channel traverses through the first cooling liquid contained in the LDU container for heat exchange, without direct contact between the first cooling liquid and the second cooling liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,667,436

HEAT REMOVAL SYSTEMS AND METHODS

1. A high volume heat removal and air cooling system, comprising:a housing having an intake end and an exhaust end;
a fan disposed within the housing for drawing air from the intake end and forcing the air to flow through the housing, out of the exhaust end, and into a building;
an evaporative cooler disposed in the housing downstream from the fan for providing evaporating mist to cool the air in the housing as the air flows through the evaporative cooler;
a mist cooling element disposed in the housing downstream from the evaporative cooler and having a surface for mist condensation such that the air in the housing is further cooled as the air flows through the mist cooling element; and
a controller communicatively connected to the fan and configured for controlling the fan and sensing an air pressure in the building using a pressure sensor, the controlling including programmatically and automatically adjusting the fan to accommodate the air pressure in the building and maintain a desired airflow rate, the controller accessible by a client device over the Internet through a web-based application running on the client device.

US Pat. No. 10,667,435

ACCELERATED RACK ACCLIMATOR

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A rack acclimating device comprising:one or more heating elements;
an air mover oriented to move air across the one or more heating elements;
a hood having a first opening proximate to the air mover and a second opening having a size conforming to a computer equipment rack sizing standard;
one or more environmental sensors, each sensing at least one of a temperature or a humidity; and
a controller communicationally coupled to the one or more environmental sensors, the controller being configured to decrease or deactivate operation of at least one of the one or more heating elements or the air mover in response to the at least one of the temperature or the humidity received from each of the one or more environmental sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,667,408

FULLY ENCAPSULATED ELECTRONICS AND PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS

COVIDIEN LP, Mansfield, ...

1. A method of encapsulating and hermetically sealing a printed circuit board of a flex cable, the method comprising:positioning a printed circuit board portion of a flex cable into a channel defined in a first mold half of a mold, the printed circuit board portion including a substrate and electronic components mounted on the substrate;
mounting a second mold half onto the first mold half to enclose the channel of the first mold half and form a cavity within the mold;
filling the cavity of the mold with an encapsulation material through an inlet opening defined through the mold; and
curing the encapsulation material within the cavity of the mold while under vacuum.

US Pat. No. 10,667,386

CIRCUIT BOARD AND CONDUCTIVE PATTERN STRUCTURE

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A circuit board comprising:a first conductive layer;
a second conductive layer; and
an insulating layer disposed between the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer,
wherein the first conductive layer comprises a signal line, and the second conductive layer comprises a ground line electrically separated from the signal line,
wherein the ground line comprises a pattern area in a corresponding area provided with the signal line and an outer area surrounding the pattern area and being connected to the pattern area,
wherein the pattern area comprises a serpentine trace comprising alternating inner and outer unit patterns,
wherein the inner unit patterns of the pattern area are disposed at a first oblique angle and a second oblique angle to the signal line, wherein the second oblique angle is different from the first oblique angle, and the outer unit patterns of the pattern area are connected to the inner unit patterns, and
wherein the inner patterns comprise a line width less than a line width of the outer area.

US Pat. No. 10,667,385

IMPEDANCE CONTROL USING ANTI-PAD GEOMETRIES

Arista Networks, Inc., S...

1. A circuit board (CB), comprising:a first CB layer comprising a first anti-pad having a first area;
a second CB layer comprising a second anti-pad having the first area and being located substantially beneath the first anti-pad;
a first via within the first anti-pad and the second anti-pad;
a first CB trace in the second CB layer, the first CB trace coupled to the first via to form a first transition point within a first signal propagation path;
a third CB layer comprising a third anti-pad having a second area and being located at a different location in the CB than the first anti-pad and the second anti-pad;
a second via within the third anti-pad; and
a second CB trace in the third CB layer, the second CB trace coupled to the second via to form a second transition point within a second signal propagation path,
wherein when the depth of the second CB layer is shallower than the depth of the third CB layer, the first area is larger than the second area.

US Pat. No. 10,667,352

PWM SIGNAL GENERATING SYSTEM AND LIGHT DEVICE DRIVING SYSTEM

LEEDARSON AMERICA INC., ...

1. A PWM signal generating system, comprising:a PWM signal generating circuit, configured to generate a PWM signal;
a control IC, coupled to the PWM signal generating circuit, and configured to control a PWM ratio of the PWM signal via controlling the PWM signal generating circuit;
a phase cutting dimmer, coupled to the control IC, and configured to output a phase cutting signal to the control IC according to a phase of an input signal;
a current detecting circuit, coupled to the PWM signal generating circuit and the control IC, and configured to provide a detect current corresponding to the PWM ratio;
a voltage level dimmer, coupled to the control IC, and configured to generate a preliminary PWM ratio control signal corresponding to an input voltage level, wherein the control IC controls the PWM ratio to correspond to the phase of the input signal, according to the detect current in a first mode, and wherein the control IC controls the PWM ratio according to the preliminary PWM ratio control signal in a second mode; and
an auxiliary activate circuit, coupled to the phase cutting dimmer, and configured to increase an activate speed of the phase cutting dimmer according to the input signal, wherein the auxiliary activate circuit comprises:
a first resistor, comprising a first terminal coupled to a first predetermined voltage source, and comprising a second terminal;
a first diode, comprising a first terminal coupled to the second terminal of the first resistor, and comprising a second terminal;
an NMOS, comprising a drain terminal coupled to the second terminal of the first diode;
a second diode, comprising a first terminal coupled to a source terminal of the NMOS, and comprising a second terminal coupled to the phase cutting dimmer;
a first Zener diode, comprising a first terminal coupled to a gate terminal of the NMOS, and comprising a second terminal coupled to a ground voltage source;
a third diode, comprising a first terminal coupled to the second terminal of the first Zener diode, and comprising a second terminal coupled to a source terminal of the NMOS;
at least one second resistor, coupled in series and coupled between the first predetermined voltage source and the gate terminal of the NMOS;
a BJT, comprising a collector coupled to the gate terminal of the NMOS, and comprising an emitter coupled to the ground voltage source;
a third resistor, comprising a first terminal coupled to a base of the BJT and comprising a second terminal;
a second Zener diode, comprising a first terminal coupled to the second terminal of the third resistor, and comprising a second terminal;
at least one fourth resistor, coupled in series and coupled between the first predetermined voltage source and the second terminal of the second Zener diode;
a fifth resistor, coupled between the second terminal of the second Zener diode and the ground voltage source; and
a capacitor, coupled between the second terminal of the second Zener diode and the ground voltage source.

US Pat. No. 10,667,337

METHOD OF CONTROL OF A MULTIFEED RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICE

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A method of coherently controlling irradiation of an object in an enclosed cavity by at least two radio frequency (RF) feeds, the method comprising:setting an amplitude, a phase and a frequency for each of the at least two RF feeds;
actuating all of the at least two RF feeds with the respectively set amplitudes, phases and frequencies to irradiate the object;
measuring a reflected power at each of the at least two RF feeds;
characterizing a complete scattering parameter matrix of the enclosed cavity while the object is being irradiated; and
adjusting the power, the phase and the frequency for each of the at least two RF feeds based on the complete scattering parameter matrix and values of the power, the phase and the frequency of the at least two RF feeds before adjusting,
wherein the adjusting is determined to achieve a minimum reflected power at each of the at least two RF feeds based on the complete scattering parameter matrix and values of the power, the phase and the frequency of the at least two RF feeds before adjusting.

US Pat. No. 10,667,330

HEATING OF AN AERODYNAMIC MEASUREMENT PROBE

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An aerodynamic measurement probe intended to be fitted to an aircraft, the probe comprising a part intended to be sited in the region of a skin of the aircraft and a heater of the part, the heater comprising a thermodynamic loop comprising a closed circuit wherein a heat-transfer fluid circulates, the closed circuit comprising an evaporator and a zone wherein the heat-transfer fluid can be condensed in the aerodynamic measurement probe in order to heat the aerodynamic measurement probe; outside the evaporator, the circuit in which the fluid circulates being formed by a tubular duct of open cross section; and the probe further comprising a pump for circulating the heat-transfer fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,667,319

SERVICE PROCESSING METHOD AND SERVICE PROCESSING APPARATUS

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A service processing method, comprising:receiving, by an access network device, from a core network device, a bearer setup request message of a voice over long term evolution (VoLTE) service;
determining, by the access network device, that the terminal is in a weak coverage area of the access network device;
sending, by the access network device through the core network device, a radio resource not available indication to an interne protocol multimedia subsystem (IMS);
sending, by the IMS according to the radio resource not available indication, a message which triggers the terminal to initiate a circuit switched fallback call to the terminal; and
canceling, by the IMS according to the radio resource not available indication, the VoLTE service of the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,666,090

INDUCTIVELY CONTROLLED SERIES RESONANT AC POWER TRANSFER

AUCKLAND UNISERVICES LIMI...

1. A method of providing an AC supply from an IPT pickup having a pickup coil and a tuning capacitor connected in series to provide a series resonant circuit, the method comprising varying a phase angle between an open circuit pickup coil voltage and a pickup coil inductor current to provide a controlled AC supply to an output of the pickup.

US Pat. No. 10,664,840

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR USER ADDRESS VALIDATION

Capital One Services, LLC...

1. A method of validating user address information, comprising:periodically polling, by a computing system, a client device associated with a user to identify a current location of the user;
recording, by the computing system, the current location of the user after polling and a time associated with the polling;
receiving, by the computing system, one or more transactions from one or more third party vendors;
identifying, by the computing system, based on the one or more transactions, a location and a time associated with each transaction in the one or more transactions;
filtering, by the computing system, the one or more transactions to identify one or more card-present transactions;
removing, by the computing system, from the one or more card-present transactions a subset of transactions corresponding to travel-related expenses to generate a set of transactions;
defining, by the computing system, a geographic area comprising a potential primary address associated with the user based on the current location of the user and the location associated with each transaction in the set of transactions;
determining, by the computing system, that a current primary address on file for the user is outside of the geographic area; and
based on the determining, prompting, by the computing system, the user to update the current primary address;
receiving, by the computing system in response to the prompting, a new primary address of the user; and
updating, by the computing system, the current primary address on file with the new primary address.

US Pat. No. 10,664,543

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND MACHINE-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM FOR PROVIDING A CUSTOMIZED FITTING ROOM ENVIRONMENT

eBay Inc., San Jose, CA ...

1. A system comprising:one or more processors of a machine; and
a machine-readable storage medium storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors of the machine, cause the machine to perform operations comprising:
presenting, on an interactive mirror display, a user interface comprising a list of predefined use cases for one or more garments, each use case being associated with one or more light settings of a retail environment;
receiving, via the user interface, user selection of a predefined use case from the list of predefined use cases; and
in response to receiving the user selection of the predefined use case, transmitting control data to a lighting controller hub, the lighting controller hub being communicatively coupled to a plurality of lights, the control data causing the lighting controller hub to change the one or more light settings of at least one of the plurality of lights in accordance with the predefined use case.

US Pat. No. 10,663,510

INSULATION DETECTING METHOD FOR ELECTRIC MACHINE

HIWIN MIKROSYSTEM CORP., ...

1. An insulation detecting method for electric machine applied between an electric machine and a driver controlling the electric machine to sample a signal of a dc circuit through a current sensing unit and amplify the sampled signal through an amplification circuit, comprising:during the stop state, the driver comprises a first switch and a second switch coupled with the dc circuit and operating in an inversion mode to provide an output voltage wherein the first switch is ON when the second switch is OFF, and the first switch is OFF when the second switch is ON; the first switch, the second switch and the dc circuit correspond to the same phase of the electric machine; and
sampling the dc circuit through the current sensing unit during the first switch and the second switch operate in the inversion mode to determine the potential change or not wherein the electric machine is not insulated when a leakage current resulted from the potential change is detected, and the electric machine is insulated when the leakage current resulted from the potential change is not detected;
wherein the amplification circuit comprises a first amplification module and a second amplification module; the first amplification module comprises a first gain value defined by needs of the control system and maximum current protection, and the second amplification module comprises a second gain value provided to detect the leakage current.

US Pat. No. 10,661,746

AIRBAG DEVICE FOR A FRONT PASSENGER SEAT

TOYODA GOSEI CO., LTD., ...

1. An airbag device for a front passenger seat adapted to be mounted on an instrument panel of a vehicle disposed in front of a front passenger seat, the airbag device comprising a housing which is adapted to be mounted on the instrument panel, an airbag which is housed in the housing in a folded-up configuration and inflatable with an inflation gas, and a mounting member which mounts the airbag on or at a vicinity of the housing, the airbag comprising:a main bag section that is mounted on the housing by a front end portion thereof with aid of the mounting member and deployable rearward out of the housing, a rear plane of the main bag section serving as a front-collision arresting plane for protecting a head of a front seat passenger in an event of a frontal collision of the vehicle;
a sub bag section that is disposed on a right side or left side of the main bag section and includes a protruding region which protrudes farther rearward than the main bag section at an airbag deployment, a side plane of the protruding region which rises rearward out of the front-collision arresting plane and faces towards the front-collision arresting plane serves as an oblique-collision arresting plane for protecting the head of the passenger in an event of an oblique-collision or an offset collision of the vehicle;
an arresting recess that is recessed forward between the front-collision arresting plane and the oblique-collision arresting plane for receiving and arresting the head of the passenger therein;
a front-rear tether that is disposed inside the airbag and connects a front end portion of the airbag and the front-collision arresting plane for preventing the front-collision arresting plane from moving rearward at the airbag deployment, the front-rear tether being deployable generally along a front and rear direction;
a recess-pulling tether that is disposed inside the airbag and jointed to a bottom of the arresting recess for preventing the arresting recess from moving rearward at the airbag deployment; and
a mounting base of the front-rear tether and the recess-pulling tether by which the front-rear tether and the recess-pulling tether are mounted on the housing with the aid of the mounting member together with the main bag section, wherein the front-rear tether and the recess-pulling tether share the mounting base and are configured to bifurcate rearward out of the mounting base; and
wherein the front-rear tether extends from a rear edge region of the mounting base and the recess-pulling tether extends from an edge region of the mounting base adjoining the front-rear tether.

US Pat. No. 10,660,748

BIOPROSTHETIC TISSUE FOR USE IN A PROSTHETIC VALVE

Medtronic Vascular, Inc.,...

1. A conditioned bioprosthetic tissue, comprising:a sheet of bioprosthetic tissue having a first major surface and a second major surface, wherein the first major surface has a pattern including at least one depressed region and areas of relief adjacent to the at least one depressed region, wherein the at least one depressed region has a first tissue density that is greater than a second tissue density of the areas of relief; wherein the second major surface has at pattern including at least one depressed region and areas of relief adjacent to the at least one depressed region.
US Pat. No. 10,662,413

RECOMBINANT DNA POLYMERASE FOR IMPROVED INCORPORATION OF NUCLEOTIDE ANALOGUES

PERSONAL GENOMICS, INC., ...

1. A recombinant DNA polymerase having at least 99% sequence homology with the 9° N-III DNA polymerase of SEQ ID NO: 3 and the recombinant DNA polymerase comprises one or two mutations at the position corresponding to the amino acid residue 480 and 486 of the 9° N-III DNA polymerase of SEQ ID NO: 3.

US Pat. No. 10,667,434

LIQUID IMMERSION COOLING DEVICE

HONGFUJIN PRECISION ELECT...

1. A liquid immersion cooling device comprising:a mounting frame;
at least one liquid reservoir movably mounted to the mounting frame and each configured to accommodate coolant therein with; and
a cold source distributor mounted on an outer side of the mounting frame; wherein:
the cold source distributor comprises a telescopic cold source tube and a telescopic heat return tube;
an output end of the telescopic cold source tube and an output end of the telescopic heat return tube are coupled to each of the at least one liquid reservoir;
when the at least one liquid reservoir is pulled out of the mounting frame, the telescopic cold source tube and the telescopic heat return tube are extended by the liquid reservoir to a predetermined length;
when the at least one liquid reservoir is pushed into the mounting frame, the telescopic cold source tube and the telescopic heat return tube are retracted;
the mounting frame comprises a support rod on a side of the mounting frame adjacent to the cold source distributor;
the support rod comprises a coiler;
the telescopic cold source tube and the telescopic heat return tube are coiled on the coiler;
when the telescopic cold source tube and the telescopic heat return tube are pulled by the at least one liquid reservoir to extend, the coiler rotates around the support rod along a first direction;
when the telescopic cold source tube and the telescopic heat return tube are pushed by the at least one liquid reservoir to retract, the coiler rotates around the support rod along a second direction opposite to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,667,433

IMPLEMENTING CONTAINED THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIAL FOR PLUGGABLE APPLICATIONS

International Business Ma...

1. A structure for implementing thermal coupling, comprising:a thermal interface material in contact with a surface of a connector housing;
a metal member coupled to the connector housing, wherein the metal member is a compressible metal mesh or a perforated spring-actuated shield, and wherein the thermal interface material and the metal member provide effective thermal coupling between the connector housing and a pluggable component; and
wherein the metal member prevents removal of the thermal interface material during plugging and unplugging of the pluggable component, and enables effective contact and heat transfer between the connector housing and the pluggable component.

US Pat. No. 10,667,432

HEAT SPREADER TO STRUCTURALLY SUPPORT AN OUTER HOUSING

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

11. A housing and support assembly for an electronic device, comprising:an outer housing including a housing ring to define an inner chamber of the electronic device;
a multi-dimensional heat spreader inside the inner chamber and structurally engaged with the housing ring via a support connector to provide structural support for the outer housing, the multi-dimensional heat spreader to provide the structural support for the outer housing without use of any distinct support frame attached to the multi-dimensional heat spreader, and the multi-dimensional heat spreader comprising a thermal contact surface to contact heat producing components inside the inner chamber; and
a display cover attached to a display panel, wherein the housing ring extends around a perimeter of the display panel and the display panel is spaced apart from the heat spreader.

US Pat. No. 10,667,431

MEMORY MODULE COOLING

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A device, comprising:an outer part formed from a first material that is thermally conductive, the outer part including two outer side segments connected together by an outer top segment; and
an inner part formed from a second material that is thermally conductive and more malleable than the first material, the inner part including two inner side segments connected together by an inner top segment,
wherein each of the outer side segments includes multiple spring fingers extending outward that can be elastically displaced,
the inner part is to be nested within the outer part and making contact therewith, and
the inner side segments are to contact opposite sides of a memory module when the device is installed on the memory module.

US Pat. No. 10,667,430

VAPOR CHAMBER

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A vapor chamber comprising:a container having a hollow portion, the hollow portion being formed by one plate-shaped body and another plate-shaped body facing the one-plate shaped body;
a working fluid enclosed in the hollow portion;
a first wick structure provided in the hollow portion; and
a second wick structure on an inner surface of the one plate-shaped body thermally connected to a heating element, the second wick structure having a lower flow path resistance to the working fluid than the first wick structure, the second wick structure including a groove portion, wherein
a vapor flow path is provided inside of the other plate-shaped body,
the first wick structure is provided between the other plate-shaped body and the second wick structure, and
an aperture size of the first wick structure is 75% or more of a groove width of the second wick structure and an open area rate of the first wick structure is 35% or more,
wherein the first wick structure is arranged on the second wick structure,
a supporting column member is provided on an inner surface of the other plate-shaped body so as to protrude from the inner surface of the other plate-shaped body,
at least a portion of the inner surface of the one plate-shaped body is the second wick structure,
the supporting column member contacts the first wick structure and holds in the first wick structure, the first wick structure covering the groove portion of the one plate-shaped body, and
the first wick structure has a function of causing the working fluid in liquid phase to flow back from the heat releasing portion to the heat receiving portion and also a function of retaining a certain amount of the working fluid in liquid phase.

US Pat. No. 10,667,429

INTEGRATED HEAT EXCHANGE ASSEMBLY AND AN ASSOCIATED METHOD THEREOF

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A system comprising:a support structure comprising a first support end, a second support end, a recess between the first support end and the second support end, a support portion extending between the first support end and the second support end, and a plurality of projections protruding from a portion of a surface of the support structure corresponding to the support portion, wherein the support structure is a primary heat sink; and
a vapor chamber comprising a casing and a wick disposed within the casing, wherein the vapor chamber is disposed within the recess and coupled to the surface of the support structure between the plurality of projections, wherein the casing comprises a first projected portion, a second projected portion, and a mid projected portion disposed between the first projected portion and the second projected portion at an evaporator portion of the vapor chamber, and wherein the first projected portion, the second projected portion, and the mid projected portion, together, comprise a non-uniform surface configured to contact a circuit card.

US Pat. No. 10,667,428

HEAT DISSIPATION MODULE MANUFACTURING METHOD, HEAT DISSIPATION MODULE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

HTC Corporation, Taoyuan...

7. A heat dissipation module, comprising:a first substrate, having a first portion, a second portion, a connecting portion, and a plurality of grooves, wherein the connecting portion is connected to the first portion and the second portion, the grooves are respectively formed on the first substrate by etching;
a plurality of second substrates, respectively covering the grooves on the first substrate to form a plurality of chambers; and
a working fluid, filled into the chambers.

US Pat. No. 10,667,427

IMMERSION COOLING SYSTEM FOR DATA CENTERS

BAIDU USA LLC, Sunnyvale...

1. A data center immersion cooling system, comprising:a cooling unit having a heat exchanger, the heat exchanger including a primary loop for circulating a first heat exchange material and a secondary loop for circulating internal cooling liquid to exchange heat;
an immersion tank filled with the internal cooling liquid, the immersion tank to contain one or more server blades submerged in the internal cooling liquid, wherein the internal cooling liquid is a thermally conductive dielectric liquid to extract heat generated from the server blades;
a liquid supply line and a liquid return line coupled between the cooling unit and the immersion tank to circulate the internal cooling liquid between the immersion tank to form the secondary loop, without using a coolant distribution unit (CDU) between the cooling unit and the immersion tank, wherein the liquid supply line is to receive the cooling liquid from the heat exchanger and to supply the cooling liquid to the immersion tank, and wherein the liquid return line is to receive the cooling liquid carrying exchanged heat from the immersion tank and to return the cooling liquid back to the heat exchanger;
a heat recovery unit disposed on the liquid return line between the heat exchanger of the cooling unit and the immersion tank, wherein the heat recovery unit is configured to recover the heat exchanged from the immersion tank and to distribute the heat for other heating purposes; and
a first flow control device (FCD) disposed on the liquid return line between the heat recovery unit and the cooling unit, wherein the first FCD, when activated, is configured to divert at least a portion of the cooling liquid from the heat recovery unit to the liquid supply line without going through the heat exchanger of the cooling unit.

US Pat. No. 10,667,426

HOUSING CONSTRUCTION

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a body having a first surface and a second surface opposite the first surface;
the body defining a first pattern of first cavities extending into the body from the first surface; and
the body defining a second pattern of second cavities extending into the body, the second cavities intersecting with the first cavities to form a pattern of apertures in fluid communication with one another;
the body defining the pattern of apertures that extend substantially across a major dimension of the body, the body having at least two regions separated by a substantially continuous portion of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,667,425

AIR CONTAINMENT AND COMPUTING DEVICE MOUNTING STRUCTURE

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A data center, comprising:a first row of functional servers;
a second row of functional servers;
an aisle between the first row and the second row of functional servers; and
an air containment structure configured to separate air in the aisle from other air in the data center, wherein the air containment structure comprises:
a first wall comprising mounting brackets that mount server components of the functional servers of the first row to the first wall of the air containment structure;
a second wall comprising mounting brackets that mount server components of the functional servers of the second row to the second wall of the air containment structure; and
a ceiling spanning a space between the first wall and the second wall of the air containment structure;
wherein respective interior sides of the first wall and the second wall separate air in the aisle from air exhausted out of the server components of the first row and air exhausted out of the server components of the second row;
wherein the first wall is configured to support the weights of the server components of the first row and, and wherein the second wall is configured to support the weights of the server components of the second row, without server racks supporting the respective weights of the server components of the first row and the respective weights of the server components of the second row; and
wherein the server components of the functional servers of the first row and the server components of the functional servers of the second row are vertically arranged on the first wall and the second wall, respectively, based on respective amounts of waste heat generated by respective different types of the server components of the functional servers.

US Pat. No. 10,667,424

SLIDING APPARATUS AND SERVER CASING USING THE SAME

HONGFUJIN PRECISION ELECT...

1. A sliding apparatus comprising:a first fastening plate;
a second fastening plate parallel with the first fastening plate and mounted to the first fastening plate;
a sliding plate configured to be slidably connected to the second fastening plate and be received between the first fastening plate and the second fastening plate;
a locking member comprising a first end and a second end opposing to the first end;
wherein the first end is rotatably connected to the second fastening plate and comprising a locking portion, the second end is connected to the sliding plate; when the sliding plate slides on the second fastening plate, the sliding plate drives the first end to rotate through the second end, and the first end drives the locking portion to move between a locking position and an unlocking position, wherein the sliding plate defines a first guiding slot along an extending direction of the sliding plate; the second fastening plate comprises a guiding member, and the guiding member is slidably received in the first guiding slot.

US Pat. No. 10,667,423

CONNECTOR COOLING AND STATUS INDICATOR SYSTEM

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A connector cooling and status indication system, comprising:a connector chassis that defines:
a connector aperture;
an airflow aperture located adjacent the connector aperture; and
a status indicator aperture that is located adjacent the connector aperture;
a connector subsystem that includes a connector that is located immediately adjacent the connector aperture, wherein the connector subsystem includes a heat dissipation device that extends from the connector subsystem and that defines at least one heat dissipation device channel that is configured to channel an airflow received via the airflow aperture; and
a status indicator subsystem that includes a light emitting element that is located immediately adjacent the status indicator aperture, wherein the status indicator subsystem is positioned adjacent the connector subsystem such that no portion of the status indicator subsystem impedes the airflow that is received via the airflow aperture and channeled by the at least one heat dissipation device channel.

US Pat. No. 10,667,422

SELECTIVELY INSTALLABLE AND REMOVABLE AUXILIARY WIRING DEVICE FOR I/O MODULE

Rockwell Automation Asia ...

1. An auxiliary wiring device adapted to be releasably connected to an associated terminal base, said auxiliary wiring device comprising:a body including a front wall, a rear wall, a top wall, a bottom wall, and opposite left and right lateral side walls;
a plurality of auxiliary wiring connectors adapted for connection to associated field device wires, said plurality of auxiliary wiring connectors located in said front wall of said body;
said body further including at least two spaced-apart mounting tabs that project outwardly from the body adjacent an intersection of said front wall and said top wall, wherein each mounting tab is adapted to engage a receiver of the associated terminal base when said auxiliary wiring device is physically connected to the associated terminal base, each mounting tab comprising (i) a concave cylindrical inner face oriented toward the plurality of auxiliary wiring connectors; and, (ii) an outer face facing in an opposite direction as compared to the concave cylindrical face, said outer face transversely oriented relative to the top wall of said body so as to be angled with respect to the top wall of said body;
said body further including at least two spaced-apart latch arms each adapted to mate with and engage a respective associated catch of the associated terminal base when said auxiliary wiring device is physically connected to the associated terminal base in an operative position, each latch arm projecting outwardly from the top wall of the body adjacent a region where said top wall intersects said rear wall, each latch arm comprising a resiliently deflectable stem that projects outwardly from the top wall and comprising an enlarged locking projection connected to an outer end of the stem at a location spaced from the top wall of the body, said locking projection comprising an inclined ramp face that diverges away from the stem as it extends from an outer end of the ramp face located adjacent said outer end of said stem toward an inner end of the ramp face located closer to the top wall of the body as compared to the outer end of the ramp face, said locking projection further comprising a transverse lock face oriented transversely relative to the stem and connecting the inner end of the ramp face to the stem at a location between the top wall of the body and the outer end of the stem, each latch arm resiliently elastically deflectable toward and away from the front and back walls of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,667,421

HIGH-VOLTAGE ISOLATING DEVICE AND METHOD

Delta Electronics, Inc., ...

1. A high-voltage isolating device, comprising:a power module, a back panel of the power module being provided with a first connecting portion, and a front panel of the power module being provided with a first fastening member; and
a shelf, comprising a module slot, the module slot being configured to accommodate the power module, a rear end of the module slot being provided with a second connecting portion, and a front end of the module slot being provided with a second fastening member;
wherein in a first status, the first connecting portion is matched and connected with the second connecting portion, and the first fastening member is away from the second fastening member; and in a second status, the first connecting portion is disconnected from the second connecting portion, and the first fastening member and the second fastening member are matched and connected together by a padlock.

US Pat. No. 10,667,420

VISUAL DISPLAY UNIT

NOVOMATIC AG, Gumpoldski...

17. A unit housing of a visual display unit, the unit housing comprising:a unit housing comprising a housing door configured for opening and closing the unit housing, wherein the housing door forms a modular frame having a frame first configuration and a frame second configuration,
wherein when the modular frame is in the frame first configuration, the modular frame has a first pair of limbs and a second pair of limbs, wherein the second pair of limbs are transverse to the first pair of limbs and hold the first pair of limbs together, wherein the second pair of limbs have connectors releasably connectable to the first pair of limbs such that the modular frame is reconfigurable from the frame first configuration to the frame second configuration, such that the first pair of limbs are separable from each other, and such that the second pair of limbs are replaceable with a third pair of limbs, wherein when the unit housing is in an upright position and the modular frame is in the frame first configuration, the first pair of limbs are left and right side limbs of the modular frame,
wherein when the modular frame is in the frame second configuration, the modular frame has the first pair of limbs and the third pair of limbs, wherein the third pair of limbs are transverse to the first pair of limbs and hold the first pair of limbs together, wherein the third pair of limbs have connectors releasably connectable to the first pair of limbs such that the modular frame is reconfigurable from the frame second configuration to the frame first configuration, such that the first pair of limbs are separable from each other, and such that the third pair of limbs are replaceable with the second pair of limbs, wherein when the unit housing is in the upright position and the modular frame is in the frame second configuration, the first pair of limbs are left and right side limbs of the modular frame,
wherein when the modular frame is in the frame first configuration, the first and second pair of limbs form the housing door and give the housing door torsional rigidity in all spatial dimensions, wherein when the modular frame is in the frame first configuration, the first and second pair of limbs define a frame cutout,
wherein when the modular frame is in the frame second configuration, the first and third pair of limbs form the housing door and give the housing door torsional rigidity in all spatial dimensions, wherein when the modular frame is in the frame second configuration, the first and third pair of limbs define the frame cutout, and
wherein the frame cutout has a different size when the modular frame is in the frame second configuration than when the modular frame is in the frame first configuration, wherein when the modular frame is in the frame first configuration, the frame cutout encloses a first display screen, and wherein when the modular frame is in the frame second configuration, the frame cutout encloses a second display screen having a different size than the first display screen.

US Pat. No. 10,667,419

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF AN ELECTRONIC COMPONENT MODULE

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A manufacturing method of an electronic component module, the method comprising:preparing a substrate;
mounting at least one electronic component on the substrate;
forming a mold part sealing the electronic component;
forming a via hole in the mold part; and
forming a connection conductor in the via hole by a plating process,
wherein the forming of the via hole includes increasing a degree of roughness of an inner surface of the via hole using the laser beam,
wherein each of the via holes comprises a side wall and a horizontal extension surface horizontally increasing a cross-sectional area of the via holes, and
a degree of roughness of the horizontal extension surface is greater than a degree of roughness of the side wall.

US Pat. No. 10,667,418

COMPONENTS OF AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHODS FOR THEIR ASSEMBLY

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A housing for a portable electronic device, comprising:a first side wall characterized as having a first grain pattern formed by a first extrusion process, the first grain pattern oriented along a first axis;
a second side wall characterized as having a second grain pattern formed by a second extrusion process, the second grain pattern oriented along a second axis; and
a housing section that comprises a third side wall, a fourth side wall, and a bottom wall that together define a cavity, the housing section having a third grain pattern formed by a third extrusion process, the third grain pattern oriented along a third axis;
wherein the first side wall and the second side wall are joined to opposite ends of the housing section, the first axis and the second axis are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the third axis, and the first grain pattern, the second grain pattern, and the third grain pattern provide an appearance of a continuous grain structure.

US Pat. No. 10,667,417

COVER WINDOW FOR DISPLAY DEVICE AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel;
a cover window on the display panel, the cover window comprising:
a first film;
a second film on the first film; and
an adhesive layer between the first film and the second film and comprising an elastic polymer, the adhesive layer having a lap shear modulus in a range of 20 kPa to 50 kPa; and
a coating layer on the cover window.

US Pat. No. 10,667,416

FOLDABLE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR INSTALLING THE SAME

Beijing Xiaomi Mobile Sof...

1. A foldable device, comprising:a first housing, a second housing, a flexible display screen, a rotating shaft, and a flexible covering layer, wherein:
the first housing and the second housing are connected by the rotating shaft;
the flexible covering layer is respectively connected to the first housing and the second housing and surrounds an outer side of the rotating shaft, and
the flexible display screen is respectively connected to the first housing and the second housing and is located on inner sides of the first housing, the second housing, and the rotating shaft,
wherein the flexible covering layer comprises:
a first end and a second end, the first end being connected to the first housing, and the second end being connected to the second housing; and
a corrugated layer disposed between the first end and the second end.

US Pat. No. 10,667,415

COUPLING MECHANISM FOR COUPLING ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A coupling mechanism for coupling an electronic device to an outer casing, wherein the outer casing has an accommodation hole defined therein sized to correspond to a size of the electronic device, wherein the electronic device includes a front cover exposed out of the outer casing, and a rear cover coupled to a rear of the front cover, the coupling mechanism comprising:a plurality of hook-shaped brackets interposed between the front and rear covers and, wherein the plurality of hook-shaped brackets pass through the accommodation hole and are held to hook the outer casing while the front cover and the rear cover are coupled to each other;
a plurality of main bracket-mounted portions defined in the front cover, wherein each of the plurality of hook-shaped brackets is mounted into each of the plurality of main bracket-mounted portions; and
a plurality of auxiliary bracket-mounted portions disposed on the rear cover, wherein each of the plurality of auxiliary bracket-mounted portions is engaged with each of the plurality of hook-shaped brackets when the front cover and the rear cover are coupled to each other,
wherein each of the plurality of hook-shaped brackets includes:
a hooking portion held to hook the outer casing;
a bracket body having a width that is same as a width of the hooking portion and extending horizontally from one end of the hooking portion;
first stoppers integrally formed with the bracket body at both opposing sides of the bracket body; and
a second stopper vertically extending and then horizontally extending from one end of the bracket body and such that the second stopper faces away from the bracket body,
wherein the plurality of hook-shaped brackets are made of rigid metal,
wherein when the electronic device is inserted into the accommodation hole, the hooking portion and the bracket body are pressed and elastically deformed,
wherein after the electronic device has been inserted into the accommodation hole, the hooking portion and the bracket body are elastically restored such that the hooking portion is held to hook the outer casing,
wherein each of the plurality of main bracket-mounted portions includes:
a bracket-mounted groove defined in a second frame, wherein the second frame is coupled to a first frame along an edge thereof, wherein the first frame is coupled to a front face of the front cover, wherein the bracket-mounted groove is open toward the outer casing; and
a pair of first ribs and a pair of second ribs integrally formed with the second frame, wherein a receiving space for receiving the plurality of hook-shaped brackets is defined between the pair of first ribs and the pair of second ribs.

US Pat. No. 10,667,414

DISPLAY WITH DISPLAY MOUNTING APPARATUS, AND APPARATUS FOR ASSEMBLING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a display module to display an image; and
a mounting apparatus connected to the display module, the mounting apparatus comprising:
at least one interlocked rotational engagement body configured to be rotated by an assembling apparatus located at a front surface of the display module, and connectable to a profile structure body provided at a rear surface of the display module; and
a bearing unit connected between the at least one interlocked rotational engagement body and the display module, the bearing unit having a first wheel directly attached to the at least one interlocked rotational engagement body, and a second wheel directly attached to the rear surface of the display module and rotatably connected to the first wheel,
wherein the at least one interlocked rotational engagement body is rotatably connected to the rear surface of the display module via the bearing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,667,413

POWER DISTRIBUTION BOX ASSEMBLY WITH TERMINAL TOWER

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...

1. A power distribution box assembly comprising:an upper housing assembly having a top cover and a lower cover having an upper substrate and an upper terminal housing, the lower cover including a pair of gaps; and
a bottom cover, the bottom cover having a lower terminal housing and a pair of towers, each of the pair of towers having a terminal support disposed on a top surface of the corresponding pair of towers, wherein each of the terminal support is registered to a corresponding one of the pair of gaps; and
wherein the upper terminal housing is disposed between the pair of gaps and the lower terminal housing is disposed between the pair of towers.

US Pat. No. 10,667,412

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY AND STORAGE DEVICE

PHISON ELECTRONICS CORP.,...

1. A circuit board assembly, comprising:a circuit board, comprising a plate body, at least one electrical connecting hole and at least one pad, wherein the pad and the electrical connecting hole are disposed on the plate body, the electrical connecting hole is located in a range of the pad, and the electrical connecting hole penetrates through the pad; and
a connector having at least one pin, wherein the connector is assembled to the circuit board, the pin is soldered onto the pad, and the pin completely covers the electrical connecting hole located in the range of the pad without entering the electrical connecting hole.

US Pat. No. 10,667,411

MULTI-PANEL DISPLAY DEVICE

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD, Seo...

1. A multi-panel display device comprising:a first display device and a second display device each including a display panel, a back cover configured to cover a rear surface of the display panel, and a back cover housing configured to cover a rear surface of the back cover;
a first cabinet supporting and attaching the first and second display devices; and
a fine adjustment device positioned on a rear surface of each of the first and second display devices and exposed to a rear surface of the first cabinet,
wherein the fine adjustment device is connected to the back cover of each of the first and second display devices and exposed to an outside through an adjustment device hole provided in the back cover housing, and positions of the back cover and the display panel are finely adjusted by the fine adjustment device,
wherein the fine adjustment device includes a first block unit configured to finely adjust the first and second display devices in an X-axis direction and a second block unit configured to finely adjust the first and second display devices in a Y-axis direction, and
wherein the first block unit is divided and defined as a first block and a second block assembled to move in the X-axis direction, and the second block unit is divided and defined as a third block and a fourth block assembled to move in the Y-axis direction.

US Pat. No. 10,667,410

METHOD OF MAKING A FUSION BONDED CIRCUIT STRUCTURE

HSIO Technologies, LLC, ...

1. A method of making a fusion bonded circuit structure comprising the step of:providing a first liquid crystal polymer (LCP) substrate with first and second major surfaces having first and second seed layers of a conductive material, respectively;
depositing first and second resist layers on the first and second major surfaces of the first LCP substrate, respectively;
processing the first and second resist layers to create a plurality of first and second recesses corresponding to a desired first and second circuitry layers, the plurality of first and second recesses exposing portions of the first and second seed layers of conductive material, respectively;
simultaneously electroplating the first LCP substrate to create first and second conductive traces defined by the plurality of first and second recesses, respectively, wherein the first and second seed layers of conductive material act as an electrical bus for the electroplating process;
removing, the first and second resist layers to reveal the first, and second conductive traces;
etching to remove exposed portions of the first and second seed layers of conductive material adjacent the first and second conductive traces, respectively, wherein an unetched portions of the first and second seed layers of conductive material remains between the first and second conductive traces and the first LCP substrate; and
fusion bonding first and second LCP layers to the first and second major surface of the first LCP substrate to encapsulate the first and second conductive traces in an LCP material.

US Pat. No. 10,667,409

CONTACTING ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR FORMING THE CONTACTING ARRANGEMENT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for forming a contacting arrangement between an electrical component and a circuit carrier, the contacting arrangement including a connection element, the component being connected to the connection element, the connection element being formed as a part separate from the component, wherein the connection element is electroconductively contacted directly with the circuit carrier via at least one press-fit connection, the method comprising:integrally connecting the connection element to the component; and
forming the press-fit connection between the connection element and at least one opening of the circuit carrier, wherein:
the formation of the press-fit connection is assisted with the aid of ultrasonic oscillations, and
the oscillation direction of the ultrasonic oscillations extends perpendicular to a joining direction of the component.

US Pat. No. 10,667,407

APPLICATION SPECIFIC ELECTRONICS PACKAGING SYSTEMS, METHODS AND DEVICES

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A method of manufacturing electronic devices comprising:forming a continuous carrier formed of an electrically conductive material;
molding a plurality of non-conductive substrates onto the carrier;
forming traces on the substrates;
electroplating the traces;
electrically attaching components to the traces to form a plurality of devices;
singulating one of the devices from the remainder of the carrier, wherein pockets are molded into the substrates such that portions of the carrier are exposed and vias are formed within at least one of the pockets.

US Pat. No. 10,667,406

CIRCUIT BOARD AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

UNIMICRON TECHNOLOGY CORP...

1. A circuit board, comprising:a first dielectric layer having a first portion and a second portion, wherein the first portion has a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface;
a first circuit layer buried in the first surface;
a second circuit layer disposed on the second surface;
a conductive via disposed in the first dielectric layer and connecting the first circuit layer and the second circuit layer; and
a metal bump having a first part and a second part, wherein the first part is disposed in the first dielectric layer, the second part protrudes from the first surface, the second portion of the first dielectric layer extends from the first surface of the first portion of the first dielectric layer to a sidewall of the second part of the metal bump, the sidewall of the second part of the metal bump is entirely covered by the second portion of the first dielectric layer, and a difference between widths of the first part and the second part is less than 4% of the width of the second part.

US Pat. No. 10,667,405

METHOD FOR DEPOSTING A FUNCTIONAL MATERIAL ON A SUBSTRATE

NCC NANO, LLC, Dallas, T...

1. A method for depositing a functional material on a substrate, said method comprising:providing a plate having a first surface and a second surface;
removing materials from said second surface to form a plurality of wells within said second surface;
coating walls of one of said plurality of wells with a light-absorbing material;
filling an opening of said one well with a functional material while leaving an ullage between said functional material and the bottom of said one well; and
irradiating said plate with pulsed light to heat said light-absorbing material in order to release said functional material from said one well onto a receiving substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,667,404

FLEXIBLE CIRCUIT ELECTRODE ARRAY

Second Sight Medical Prod...

1. A method of making a flexible electrode array for neural stimulation comprising:depositing a polymer base layer;
depositing platinum on said polymer base layer;
patterning said platinum by wet etch to form a plurality of metal traces, a plurality of bond pads and a plurality of electrodes, each electrode connected to a bond pad through a metal trace, and the bond pads configured to connect to an implantable electronics package;
electroplating platinum at the electrodes and bond pads to make the electrodes and bond pads thicker, such that the electrodes are suitable to stimulate neural tissue;
depositing a polymer top layer on said polymer base layer, said metal traces, bond pads and electrodes;
forming openings in the polymer top layer directly over the electrodes, and smaller than the electrodes, leaving at least a portion of each electrode extending under said polymer top layer opposite the metal trace;
thermoforming the array in a mold to form a pre-curved surface suitable to contact neural tissue; and
forming a skirt of soft polymer, softer than said polymer base layer, and bonding the skirt to the polymer base layer and molding the skirt around curved edges of the flexible electrode array in the portion including the electrodes;
wherein the final flexible electrode array includes electrodes, traces, and bond pads on a continuous polymer base layer; and
wherein the final flexible electrode array has openings through the top polymer layer over each electrode smaller than the electrode, leaving at least a portion of each electrode extending under said polymer top layer opposite the metal trace, leaving no exposed electrode edges.

US Pat. No. 10,667,403

MANUFACTURING APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING OF AN ELECTRICAL DEVICE

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A manufacturing apparatus comprising:means for holding a three-dimensional article on a placing surface;
means for moving the means for holding in a first direction and a second direction, the first direction and the second direction being directions parallel to the placing surface and different from each other;
means for forming each layer of multiple layers of the three-dimensional article, the means for forming being disposed within a range in which the means for holding can be moved;
means for mounting an electronic component on a layered workpiece formed by the means for forming, the means for mounting being disposed within the range in which the means for holding can be moved, the means for mounting including means for supplying a plurality of electronic components and means for picking up the electronic component from the means for supplying and placing the electronic component on the layered workpiece; and
means for controlling to sequentially move the means for holding from a working position of one of the means for forming or the means for mounting to a working position of the other of the means for forming or the means for mounting along a path determined based on a work process to perform additive manufacturing of an electrical device on the means for holding.

US Pat. No. 10,667,402

EMBEDDED CIRCUIT BOARD AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

HongQiSheng Precision Ele...

1. A method of making an embedded circuit board, the method comprising:providing a circuit board comprising a flexible base layer, a first conductive circuit layer, and a second conductive circuit layer, the first conductive circuit layer and the second conductive circuit layer formed on corresponding opposite surfaces of the flex base layer;
forming a photosensitive material layer onto an outer surface of the first conductive circuit layer;
selectively removing portions of the photosensitive material layer to form a mounting slot;
placing a component within the mounting slot to be mounted on and electrically connected to the first conductive circuit layer;
filling a glue in the mounting slot and the first conductive circuit layer to fix the component, wherein a thickness of the glue in a direction perpendicular to the flexible base layer is same as sum of thicknesses of the first conductive circuit layer and the photosensitive material layer, an outer surface of the glue away from the flexible base layer is level with an outer surface of the photosensitive material layer away from the flexible base layer;
forming a first copper plate onto an outer surface of the second conductive circuit layer and forming a second copper plate onto the photosensitive material layer, wherein each of the first copper plate and the second copper plate is adhered corresponding to the outer surface by an adhesive layer, and each of the first copper plate and the second copper plate comprises a flexible insulating film and a third copper layer; and
drilling, electroplating, and circuit configuration processing the circuit board to electrically interconnect the component, the circuit board, and two third conductive circuit layers together, wherein each of the two third conductive circuit layers formed from a corresponding one of the third copper layer of the first copper plate and the second copper plate.

US Pat. No. 10,667,401

MULTILAYER STRUCTURE AND RELATED METHOD OF MANUFACTURE FOR ELECTRONICS

TACTOTEK OY, Oulunsalo (...

1. A method for manufacturing a multilayer structure, comprising:obtaining a substrate film for accommodating electronics;
providing conductive traces on a first side of the substrate film to establish a predetermined circuit design;
providing a connector element having a planar portion that is supported on and by the first side of the substrate film to electrically connect to the predetermined circuit design, wherein the substrate film is arranged with at least one hole aligned with the planar portion of the connector element so that electrically conductive contact members of the connector element are accessible from a second opposite side of the substrate film via the at least one hole, wherein the electrically conductive contact members of the connector element each have opposing ends disposed on the first side of the substrate film; and
molding thermoplastic material on the first side of the substrate film and the connector element to cover the predetermined circuit design and a first side of the connector element.

US Pat. No. 10,667,400

ELECTRICAL COMPONENT, COMPONENT ARRANGEMENT, AND A METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN ELECTRICAL COMPONENT AND COMPONENT ARRANGEMENT

EPCOS AG, Munich (DE)

1. An electrical component for embedding in a carrier, comprising a ceramic main body, an electrically insulating passivation layer which is applied to the main body, at least one inner electrode, and an outer electrode which is connected to the inner electrode, wherein the outer electrode comprises a first electrode layer comprising a metal and a second electrode layer which is arranged on the latter and comprises copper.

US Pat. No. 10,667,399

DISCRETE COMPONENT CARRIER

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A discrete component carrier, comprising:a multi-layer structure having a height including a plurality of conductive layers and a plurality of insulating layers respectively spaced between the plurality of conductive layers, the multi-layer structure having a footprint corresponding to a large size component of a printed circuit board (PCB); and
a pocket having a depth formed in the multi-layer structure, the pocket configured to receive a discrete component of a size smaller than the large size component, wherein the pocket has a depth that is substantially half of the height of the multi-layer structure, and wherein the height of the multi-layer structure is lower than a height of the discrete component.

US Pat. No. 10,667,398

DUAL DYNAMIC RANDOM (DDR) ACCESS MEMORY INTERFACE DESIGN FOR AEROSPACE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS

United States of America ...

1. A radiation-hardened single board computer system, the radiation-hardened single board computer system comprising:a printed circuit board having a top side and a bottom side, said printed circuit board including a plurality of layers arranged symmetrically in a two-halves configuration above and below a central plane of said printed circuit board;
a field programmable gate array (FPGA) processor device disposed on said top side and on said bottom side of said printed circuit board;
at least one connector disposed on said top side; and
a plurality of peripheral components mounted on said top side and said bottom side;
wherein a layout stack-up of said top side of said printed circuit board comprises upward from said central plane:
a first ground layer;
a first signal layer disposed on said first ground layer;
a second ground layer disposed on said first signal layer;
a second signal layer disposed on said second ground layer;
a third ground layer disposed on said second signal layer;
a third signal layer disposed on said third ground layer;
a fourth ground layer disposed on said third signal layer;
a first power layer disposed on said fourth ground layer;
a second power layer disposed on said first power layer;
a fifth ground layer disposed on said second power layer; and
a top layer disposed on said fifth ground layer.

US Pat. No. 10,667,397

ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING A PLATED ANTENNA AND/OR TRACE, AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME

Thin Film Electronics ASA...

8. An electronic device, comprising:a) a substrate having an aluminum layer thereon;
b) an integrated circuit or a discrete electrical component on a second substrate, said integrated circuit or said discrete electrical component having an uppermost metal layer and input and/or output terminals in the uppermost metal layer and being configured to (i) process a first signal and/or information therefrom, and (ii) generate a second signal and/or information therefor;
c) solder bumps or solder balls on the input and/or output terminals of said integrated circuit or said discrete electrical component;
d) a tin or tin alloy layer on an entire exposed surface of said aluminum layer, said tin or tin alloy layer configured to improve the adhesion and/or electrical connectivity of said aluminum layer to said solder bumps or solder balls on said integrated circuit or said discrete electrical component, said solder bumps or solder balls being electrically connected to said tin or tin alloy layer; and
e) a sensor, a battery or a display on said first substrate, wherein said aluminum and tin or tin alloy layers comprise one or more traces electrically connecting said sensor, said battery or said display to said integrated circuit, said discrete electrical component, or to another of said sensor, said battery or said display.

US Pat. No. 10,667,396

MULTILAYER STRUCTURE FOR HOSTING ELECTRONICS AND RELATED METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

TACTOTEK OY, Oulunsalo (...

1. An integrated multilayer structure comprising:a first substrate film having a first side and an opposite second side, the first substrate film comprising an electrically insulating material, the second side having a number of electrical conductors thereon that exhibit predetermined characteristics at selected wavelengths;
a plastic layer on the first side of the first substrate film so as to at least partially cover the first side of the first substrate film;
an embedded color or graphics layer exhibiting a selected color, figure, icon, graphical pattern, symbol, text, numeric, alphanumeric, and/or other visual indication feature; and
circuitry provided on at least one of the first and second sides of the first substrate film, the circuitry including at least one electronic component selected from the group consisting of: an optoelectronic component, a microcontroller, a microprocessor, a signal processor, a digital signal processor, a sensor, a switch, a touch switch, a proximity switch, a programmable logic chip, a memory, a transistor, a resistor, a capacitor, an inductor, a capacitive switch, a memory array, a memory chip, a data interface, a transceiver, a wireless transceiver, a transmitter, a receiver, a wireless transmitter, and a wireless receiver, the circuitry further including at least one conductor, the circuitry being functionally connected to the first side of the first substrate film, wherein the plastic layer on the first side of the first substrate film and the at least one electronic component on the second side of the first substrate film while being functionally connected to the first side of the first substrate film defines a first configuration of the multilayer structure, the first substrate film having a planar arrangement in the first configuration, and wherein the multilayer structure is configured to transition from the first configuration to a second configuration of the multilayer structure, the second configuration different from the first configuration, the multilayer structure configured to be retained in the second configuration, the first substrate film having a non-planar arrangement in the second configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,667,395

INTERPOSER SUBSTRATE AND MULTILAYER PRINTED SUBSTRATE

1. An interposer substrate for switching wiring lines, comprising: a substrate body having a plurality of through holes penetrating from a first main surface thereof to a second main surface; a plurality of through-conductive portions provided respectively in the plurality of through holes, grouped into a plurality of first groups and a plurality of second groups different from the first groups, each of all the through-conductive portions belonging to a corresponding one of the first groups and a corresponding one of the second groups; a plurality of first wiring lines each provided on the first main surface, each provided for a respective one of the plurality of first groups, and each including a portion extending along the through-conductive portions included in the respective one of the first groups; a plurality of second wiring lines each provided on the second main surface, each provided for a respective one of the plurality of second groups, and each including a portion extending along the through-conductive portions included in the respective one of the second groups; a plurality of first terminals provided on the first main surface and connected respectively to the plurality of first wiring lines; and a plurality of second terminals provided on the second main surface and connected respectively to the plurality of second wiring lines, wherein any through-conductive portion and any first wiring line, which is provided for a first group to which the any through-conductive portion belongs, are electrically connectable to each other by a first connection structure provided on the first main surface, and the first connection structure includes a first connection portion projecting from the any through-conductive portion and a second connection portion projecting from the any first wiring line, and wherein none of the through-conductive portions is directly electrically connected to any one of the first wiring lines.

US Pat. No. 10,667,394

DOUBLE-SIDED, SINGLE CONDUCTOR LAMINATED SUBSTRATE

Gentherm Inc., Northvill...

1. A double-sided, single conductor laminate, comprising:a conductive layer including a trace pattern including a plurality of traces, wherein the trace pattern is milled in the conductive layer;
a first cover layer including one or more access holes to access one or more of the plurality of traces;
a first adhesive layer attaching the first cover layer to one side of the conductive layer;
a second cover layer including access holes to access one or more of the plurality of traces; and
a second adhesive layer attaching the second cover layer to an opposite side of the conductive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,667,393

STEPPED VIAS FOR NEXT GENERATION SPEEDS

Dell Products, L.P., Rou...

1. A circuit board assembly comprising:more than one printed circuit board (PCB) substrate comprising an upper signal conductor, a buried signal conductor, and a plurality of ground conductors including upper ground conductors and lower ground conductors;
a plurality of stepped diameter vias each comprising:
a first barrel portion of a first diameter that is drilled through a first upper portion of the more than one PCB substrate and that is at least lined with a conductive material to electrically conduct a selected one of: (i) a direct current and (ii) a communication signal from an outer layer having the upper signal conductor to an internal layer of the more than one PCB substrate, the internal layer having the buried signal conductor, the upper ground conductors terminating proximate to the first barrel portion, with signal integrity maintained by anti-pad-spacing; and
a second barrel portion that extends from the first barrel portion deeper into the more than one PCB substrate and that has a second diameter that is less than the first diameter, the second barrel portion being proximate to the lower ground conductors, wherein the second diameter being less than the first diameter increases anti-pad spacing changes electromagnetic transmission characteristics of the second barrel portion, reduces capacitive coupling between via walls and conductive planes by providing space for a larger antipad, and reduces resonance, which improves signal integrity, wherein the second barrel portion is a via stub that has a quarter wavelength dimension;
wherein the upper barrel portion connects the upper signal conductor to the buried signal conductor to electrically couple an outer layer of the more than one PCB substrates with a conductive pad of a selected substrate; and
wherein the plurality of stepped diameter vias comprises both:
at least one pair of stepped diameter vias to differentially conduct a communication signal to a high communication speed functional component, supporting communication speeds beyond 25 gigabits per second (Gbps); and
at least one individual stepped diameter via that conducts a lower frequency signal to a low communication speed functional component.

US Pat. No. 10,667,392

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THROUGH WIRING SUBSTRATE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING DEVICE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A device comprising:a through holes ranging from a first surface of a substrate to a second surface thereof positioned on an opposite side of the first surface;
through wiring formed of a conductive material for filling an inside of the through hole, and the through wiring is recessed from the first surface of the substrate and the second surface of the substrate; and
an element portion disposed on the first surface side and electrically connected with the through wirings,
wherein the element portion is formed so as to cover an end surface of the through wiring on the first surface side and an edge of the through hole on the first surface side, and
wherein a distance from the first surface to the end surface of the through wiring on the first surface side is smaller than a distance from the second surface to an end surface of the through wiring on the second surface side.

US Pat. No. 10,667,391

PRINTED WIRING BOARD

IBIDEN CO., LTD., Ogaki ...

1. A printed wiring board, comprising:a core substrate;
a first build-up layer formed on a first surface of the core substrate and comprising a plurality of resin insulating layers, a plurality of conductor layers, and a plurality of via conductors penetrating through the resin insulating layers; and
a second build-up layer formed on a second surface of the core substrate on an opposite side with respect to the first surface and comprising a plurality of resin insulating layers, a plurality of conductor layers, and a plurality of via conductors penetrating through the resin insulating layers,
wherein the plurality of resin insulating layers in each of the first and second build-up layers includes a first resin insulating layer comprising a reinforcing material and a second resin insulating layer not containing a reinforcing material, the plurality of conductor layers in each of the first and second build-up layers includes an on-first-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer formed directly on a surface of the first resin insulating layer, a below-first-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer formed directly on an opposite surface of the first resin insulating layer, an on-second-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer formed directly on a surface of the second resin insulating layer, and a below-second-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer formed directly on an opposite surface of the second resin insulating layer, the plurality of via conductors in each of the first and second build-up layers includes a first via conductor connecting the on-first-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer and the below-first-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer such that the first via conductor and the on-first-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer are integrally formed, and a second via conductor connecting the on-second-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer and the below-second-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer such that the second via conductor and the on-second-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer are integrally formed, the first and second via conductors in each of the first and second build-up layers are formed such that a first top diameter of the first via conductor at an interface between the on-first-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer and the first via conductor is substantially equal to a second top diameter of the second via conductor at an interface between the on-second-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer and the second via conductor, and that a first bottom diameter of the first via conductor at an interface between the below-first-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer and the first via conductor is smaller than a second bottom diameter of the second via conductor at an interface between the below-second-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer and the second via conductor, the on-first-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer in each of the first and second build-up layers comprises a metal foil on the first resin insulating layer, a first seed layer on the metal foil and a first electrolytic plating film on the first seed layer, the on-second-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer in each of the first and second build-up layers comprises a second seed layer on the second resin insulating layer and a second electrolytic plating film on the second seed layer, and each of the first and second build-up layers is formed such that the on-first-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer has a thickness substantially equal to a thickness of the on-second-resin-insulating-layer conductor layer.

US Pat. No. 10,667,390

SIMULTANEOUS AND SELECTIVE WIDE GAP PARTITIONING OF VIA STRUCTURES USING PLATING RESIST

SANMINA CORPORATION, San...

1. A multilayer printed circuit board, comprising:a plurality of dielectric layers and a plurality of conductive layers;
a first plating resist selectively positioned within or on a first conductive layer of the multilayer printed circuit board;
a second plating resist selectively position in a first dielectric layer and separate from the first plating resist; and
a through hole extending through the plurality of dielectric layers and the plurality of conductive layers, the first plating resist, and the second plating resist, where an interior surface of the through hole is plated with a conductive material except along a length between the first plating resist and the second plating resist to form a partitioned plated through hole having a first via segment electrically isolated from a second via segment.

US Pat. No. 10,667,389

VENTED TAMPER-RESPONDENT ASSEMBLIES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A tamper-respondent assembly comprising:a multilayer circuit board;
a tamper-detection sensor embedded within the multilayer circuit board, the tamper-detection sensor comprising at least one tamper-detect network of one or more tamper-detect layers embedded within the multilayer circuit board and defining, at least in part, a secure volume associated with the multilayer circuit board, the secure volume comprising a secure space protected, at least in part, by the tamper-detect network of the one or more tamper-detect layers embedded within the multilayer circuit board; and
a vent structure incorporated into the multilayer circuit board, the vent structure comprising at least one vent channel, the at least one vent channel being in fluid communication with the secure space of the secure volume to facilitate venting the secure space of the secure volume.

US Pat. No. 10,667,388

OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE HAVING ALUMINUM NITRIDE THIN FILM

II-VI Delaware Inc., Wil...

1. An optical waveguide comprising:a first aluminum nitride (AlN) thin film disposed on a layer of high-frequency polymer; and
a second AlN thin film embedded in the first AlN thin film;
wherein a first nitrogen concentration level of the first AlN thin film is different than a second nitrogen concentration level of the second AlN thin film.

US Pat. No. 10,667,387

ACCURATE POSITIONING AND ALIGNMENT OF A COMPONENT DURING PROCESSES SUCH AS REFLOW SOLDERING

ams Sensors Singapore Pte...

1. A method of bonding an electronic or optoelectronic component to a printed circuit board substrate, the method comprising:depositing solder paste on a surface of a conductive layer of the printed circuit board substrate, wherein the conductive layer includes one or more channels in its surface and wherein some of the solder paste is in the channels and some of the solder paste is on the surface of the conductive layer;
obtaining an image of the surface of the conductive layer including the one or more channels;
comparing the image to a previously-stored image or data;
using locations of the one or more channels to determine a positioning and/or alignment for the component based on the comparison of the image to the previously-stored image or data;
placing the component on the conductive layer in contact with the solder paste based on the determined positioning and/or alignment, wherein the component is disposed at least partially over the one or more channels in the surface of the conductive layer; and
performing a reflow soldering process to bond the component to the conductive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,667,384

LOW FREQUENCY REDUCED PASSIVE EQUALIZER

QUANTA COMPUTER INC., Ta...

1. A high speed circuit, comprising:a printed circuit board having a top surface and a bottom surface;
a signal transmitter on the printed circuit board;
a signal receiver on the printed circuit board;
a pair of differential traces connecting the signal receiver and the signal transmitter; and
a passive equalizer connected to the pair of differential traces, the passive equalizer interconnecting the signal transmitter and the signal receiver, the passive equalizer being neither a part of the signal transmitter, nor a part of the signal receiver, the passive equalizer behaving as a shunt resistance between the pair of differential traces for low frequency signals, wherein the passive equalizer comprises an inductor coupled between the pair of differential traces and positioned on the top surface or the bottom surface.

US Pat. No. 10,667,383

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD AND SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY FOR ELECTRONIC APPLIANCE

Rohm Co., Ltd., Kyoto (J...

1. A printed circuit board comprising:a first wiring pattern; and
a second wiring pattern,
wherein
a first ring-shaped current path is formed across the first wiring pattern,
a second ring-shaped current path is formed across the second wiring pattern,
a direction of a current flowing across the first ring-shaped current path and a direction of a current flowing across the second ring-shaped current path are opposite to each other,
the first and second ring-shaped current paths are located above each other in a thickness direction of the printed circuit board,
at least part of a first region surrounded by the first ring-shaped current path and at least part of a second region surrounded by the second ring-shaped current path overlap each other as seen in a plan view of the printed circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,667,382

ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELDING STRUCTURE OF SOLID STATE DRIVE

Mega electronics Co., Ltd...

1. An electromagnetic shielding structure of a solid state drive (SSD) comprising a printed circuit board (PCB), a plurality of memories mounted to the PCB, a controller, and a plurality of active and passive elements, the electromagnetic shielding structure comprising:a molding resin layer formed on the PCB and covering and surrounding the plurality of memories, the controller, and the plurality of active and passive elements;
an electromagnetic shielding coating layer coated on a surface of the molding resin layer and electrically connected to a ground via hole continuously formed along an edge portion of the PCB; and
a lower electromagnetic shielding layer formed inside the PCB and electrically connected to the electromagnetic shielding coating layer through the ground via hole,
wherein the lower electromagnetic shielding layer comprises:
a lower shielding metal thin film formed inside the PCB throughout an entire surface thereof and shaped like a plate;
a lower shielding resin thin film coated on top and bottom surfaces of the lower shielding metal thin film and formed with a plurality of lower shielding openings equidistantly spaced apart from each other exposing the lower shielding metal thin film; and
a lower shielding metal pad filled in each of the plurality of lower shielding openings and formed to be in contact with the lower shielding metal thin film,
wherein the lower shielding metal pad has a width and a length being 33 ?m respectively and a distance between adjacent lower shielding metal pads is 16 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,667,381

HIGH FREQUENCY MODULE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A high frequency module comprising:a wiring substrate;
a first component and a second component mounted on one main surface of the wiring substrate;
a sealing resin layer configured to seal the one main surface of the wiring substrate, the first component, and the second component;
a shield member that is so provided as to surround the first component when viewed from a direction perpendicular to the one main surface of the wiring substrate, and is disposed between the first component and the second component within the sealing resin layer; and
a shield film provided on a surface of the sealing resin layer,
wherein the sealing resin layer includes a contact surface in contact with the one main surface of the wiring substrate and an opposing surface opposing the contact surface,
the shield film is so provided as to cover a portion of the opposing surface of the sealing resin layer that overlaps the first component but not to cover a portion of the opposing surface of the sealing resin layer that overlaps the second component when viewed from the direction perpendicular to the one main surface of the wiring substrate, and
one end of the shield member in a thickness direction of the sealing resin layer is exposed from the opposing surface of the sealing resin layer so that the shield member is connected to the shield film, and other end of the shield member in the thickness direction of the sealing resin layer is exposed from the contact surface of the sealing resin layer so that the shield member is connected to an electrode provided on the one main surface of the wiring substrate,
further comprising:
a shield electrode provided on other main surface of the wiring substrate,
wherein the shield electrode is disposed at a location overlapping with the first component when viewed from the direction perpendicular to the one main surface of the wiring substrate, and
the other end of the shield member is connected to the shield electrode by a connection conductor provided in the wiring substrate,
the shield electrode is separate from other land electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,667,380

PCB AND SIGNAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

ZHENGZHOU YUNHAI INFORMAT...

1. A printed circuit board (PCB), comprising:a connection module,
at least two signal layers, and
at least two reference layers, wherein:
the at least two signal layers and the at least two reference layers are spaced apart;
the connection module comprises a first connection terminal and a second connection terminal;
the first connection terminal is connected to at least one first signal layer in the at least two signal layers, and is connectable to an external optical interface;
the second connection terminal is connected to at least one second signal layer in the at least two signal layers, and is connectable to an external electrical interface; and
each of the at least two reference layers is provided with a through-hole, and for each of the at least two reference layers, there is an overlapping region between a projection region of an orthogonal projection of the connection module onto the reference layer and a hole region of the through-hole arranged on the reference layer.

US Pat. No. 10,667,379

CONNECTIONS BETWEEN LAMINATED HEATER AND HEATER VOLTAGE INPUTS

LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION,...

1. A substrate support for a substrate processing system, the substrate support comprising:a plurality of heating zones;
a baseplate;
a heating layer arranged on the baseplate;
a ceramic layer arranged on the heating layer;
wiring provided through the baseplate, the heating layer, and into the ceramic layer in a first zone of the plurality of heating zones;
an electrical connection routed from the wiring in the first zone, across the ceramic layer to a second zone of the plurality of heating zones, and to a heating element in the heating layer in the second zone.

US Pat. No. 10,667,378

ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLIES HAVING EMBEDDED PASSIVE HEAT PIPES AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

EAGLE TECHNOLOGY, LLC, M...

1. An electronic assembly comprising:a chassis; and
a plurality of electronic modules mounted within said chassis, each electronic module comprising
a printed circuit substrate,
a plurality of heat-generating electronic components mounted on said printed circuit substrate,
a heat sink body mounted to said printed circuit substrate and having opposing ends and opposing side edges extending between the opposing ends, said heat sink body having a plurality of heat pipe receiving passageways extending therethrough between opposing side edges and overlying at least one of said heat-generating components, and
a respective elongate, passive, heat pipe extending within each heat pipe receiving passageway and being removably fastened at at least one end to said heat sink body.

US Pat. No. 10,667,377

EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT SOURCE

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method comprising:directing a target along a target path toward a target location in a vacuum chamber, the target comprising target material in a geometric distribution that comprises a first extent in a first dimension, the first dimension being along a first direction, and a second extent in a second dimension, the second dimension being along a second direction, the first and second direction being orthogonal directions, the second extent being greater than the first extent; and
directing an amplified light beam toward the target location, the amplified light beam traveling along a propagation path and having an energy sufficient to convert at least some of the target material in the target to a plasma that emits EUV light, wherein
the propagation path and the target path are non-orthogonal at the target location,
a portion of the target that extends in the second direction receives the amplified light beam, and
the propagation path and the second direction are non-orthogonal at the target location such that a reflection produced by an interaction between the amplified light beam and the portion of the target propagates away from the target along the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,667,376

TARGET SUPPLY DEVICE, EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT GENERATION DEVICE, AND TARGET SUPPLY METHOD

Gigaphoton Inc., Tochigi...

1. A target supply device comprising:a tank housing a target substance that is liquid;
a nozzle from which the target substance housed in the tank is output;
a vibration element driven upon receiving of an electric signal that is a square wave, the vibration element being configured to generate a droplet of the target substance by vibrating the target substance to be output from the nozzle;
a droplet detection unit configured to detect the droplet output from the nozzle; and
a control unit to which a first detection threshold and a second detection threshold to be compared with a detection signal obtained from the droplet detection unit are set,
the first detection threshold being used to generate a light emission trigger for a laser beam with which the droplet is to be irradiated,
the second detection threshold having a smaller absolute value from a base line of the detection signal than the first detection threshold, and
the control unit being configured to perform
processing of calculating an evaluation parameter for a satellite of the droplet based on the detection signal and the second detection threshold, and
processing of determining, based on the evaluation parameter, an operation duty value that is a duty value of the electric signal suitable for operation of the vibration element.

US Pat. No. 10,667,375

EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT GENERATION METHOD

Gigaphoton Inc., Tochigi...

1. An extreme ultraviolet light generation method comprising:a droplet output step of outputting a droplet to a first laser light irradiation region that is a region different from a plasma generation region;
a deformed liquid target generation step of irradiating the droplet with first laser light having a pulse width of 1.0 nanosecond or longer to generate a deformed liquid target, the droplet being output in the droplet output step and reaching the first laser light irradiation region;
a fragment jet target generation step of irradiating the deformed liquid target with second laser light having a pulse width of 100 femtoseconds or longer but shorter than 50 picoseconds, in which a delay period from the first laser light is 0.4 microseconds or longer but 1.2 microseconds or shorter, to generate a fragment jet target, the deformed liquid target being generated in the deformed liquid target generation step and reaching a second laser light irradiation region that is a region different from the plasma generation region; and
a third laser light irradiation step of irradiating at least a part of the fragment jet target with third laser light that propagates in a direction intersecting a propagation direction of the second laser light, the fragment jet target being generated in the fragment jet target generation step and reaching the plasma generation region.

US Pat. No. 10,667,374

CONTROLLED DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SETTING UP SAME

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A lighting device, comprising:a set up processor for carrying out a set up of the lighting device,
a memory in communication with the processor, the memory comprising identification data which identifies the lighting device,
a security key,
a random data generator,
a communication unit,
a volatile memory for storing a control data, and
a controller for controlling, after the set up is completed, an operation of the lighting device in accordance with the control data stored in the volatile memory,wherein the set up carried out by the set up processor includes, upon powering up of the lighting device:continuously sending out a message, cycling through all RF channels known by the lighting device, the message comprising the identification data and a random generated number, generated by the random data generator, the message indicating power up of the lighting device;
receiving, while listening on the RF channel through which the message has been sent, a confirmation message;
accepting, only when the confirmation message includes the random generated number and is authenticated with the security key of the lighting device, the confirmation message;
receiving, while staying in the RF channel in which the accepted confirmation message is received, the control data, comprising a short address, network key, frame counter and data used for light control, via the communication unit; and
storing the received control data in the volatile memory.

US Pat. No. 10,667,373

SENSOR PLATFORM FOR STREETLIGHTS

LED Roadway Lighting Ltd....

1. A streetlight sensor platform comprising:an interchangeable sensor module; and
a controller section, the controller section comprising:
a lower portion for interfacing with a receptacle positioned on an exterior of a body of a streetlight fixture for providing power to the controller section; and
an upper portion for receiving and securing the interchangeable sensor module thereto,
wherein the controller section is powered by the streetlight fixture and the controller section provides a connector to the interchangeable sensor module to power the interchangeable sensor module,
and the controller section interfaces with the interchangeable sensor module and provides data from the interchangeable sensor module to one or more surrounding streetlight controllers or a management system coupled to a wireless network through a wireless network interface.

US Pat. No. 10,667,372

LIGHTING SYSTEM

GG TECH PRODUCTS CO., LIM...

1. A lighting program running on a microcontroller, the lighting program;determining from input received from a manual switch a set function program to run during a time period selected from a first nighttime period and a second nighttime period;
detecting the presence of motion from a motion sensor;
causing a lighting element to light a first number of instances if the lighting program is running in a first set function program during the first nighttime period and causing the lighting element to light a second number of instances if the lighting program is running in a second set function program during the second nighttime period; and
wherein the first number of instances is not equal to the second number of instances.

US Pat. No. 10,667,371

TENT WITH WIRELESSLY CONTROLLED ILLUMINATION

Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., ...

1. A tent comprising:a tent frame comprising a plurality of poles connected with each other;
an illumination source disposed at the tent frame; and
a control system disposed at the tent frame to control operation of the illumination source, the control system comprising a receiving module, a processing module, a driving module, a voltage output module, and a timing module, wherein
the receiving module is in wireless communication with an electronic device and in electrical communication with the processing module, and is configured to receive wirelessly a signal from the electronic device and to send the signal to the processing module;
the processing module is in electrical communication with the driving module, the voltage output module, and the timing module, and configured to process the signal and send a command to the driving, voltage output, or timing module if the signal includes an on/off, brightness adjustment, or timing request, respectively;
the driving module is in electrical communication with the illumination source and configured to turn on/off the illumination source in response to the command from the processing module;
the voltage output module is in electrical communication with the illumination source and configured to output a voltage or a voltage waveform specified by the signal in response to the command from the processing module, thereby adjusting a brightness of the illumination source; and
the timing module is in electrical communication with the illumination source and configured to turn on/off the illumination source at a specific time point and for a specific time period in response to the command from the processing module.

US Pat. No. 10,667,370

CONTROLLABLE POWER AND LIGHTING SYSTEM

INTELLIGENT GROWTH SOLUTI...

1. A controllable power and lighting system comprisingone or more power consuming devices,
wherein at least one of the power consuming devices is an LED-containing lighting device,
wherein the LED-containing lighting device is adapted to be powered by a 3-phase AC power supply,
wherein the 3-phase AC power supplied to the system is converted to DC power via 3-phase AC/DC rectification, and
wherein the 3-phase AC power supplied to the system is distributed by tubular conductors.

US Pat. No. 10,667,369

DEVICE, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING AN ADDRESS OF A COMPONENT ARRANGED IN A STRUCTURE

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A system for determining addresses of nodes, comprising:an arrangement including:
a first string including first nodes of the nodes;
a splitter including a plurality of splitter outputs; and
a second string connected to a first one of the splitter outputs, the second string including second nodes of the nodes;
a controller device connected to a first end of the first string, a second end of the first string connected to the splitter; and
a bus configuration configured to connect the nodes to one another and to the controller device, the bus configuration including:
a first line for transmitting signals in a first direction; and
a second line transmitting signals in a second direction,
wherein the controller device is configured to transmit a first signal on the first line that is received by the first nodes,
wherein the controller device is configured to sequentially receive first responses to the first signal on the second line from the first nodes each within a predetermined time period,
wherein each of the first nodes utilizes a first node output to transmit the first signal on the first line after transmitting the respective first response,
wherein the controller device is configured to assign first addresses to the first nodes based on the sequential receiving of the first responses,
wherein the controller device is configured to determine a time out of the first signal when no further response is received within the predetermined time period from the first string,
wherein the controller device is configured to generate a second signal that defines a path to a selected one of the splitter outputs,
wherein the controller device is configured to transmit the second signal on the first line to be received by the splitter,
wherein, when the selected splitter output is the first splitter output, the controller device is configured to sequentially receive second responses to the first signal on the second line from the second nodes each within the predetermined time period, and
wherein the controller device is configured to assign second addresses to the second nodes based on the sequential receiving of the second responses.

US Pat. No. 10,667,368

LIGHTING DEVICE WITH TIMING CIRCUIT SYNCHRONISATION

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A method of synchronizing a timing circuit, in particular a real time clock circuit, in a lighting device that is periodically powered from a main power supply in accordance with a power supply cycle having a power-on time and a power-off time, said lighting device comprising a light emitting module and a control circuit for switching said light emitting module based on said timing circuit and comprising a non-volatile memory, said timing circuit being additionally powered from an auxiliary power supply charged by said main power supply, said method comprising the steps of:determining, by said control circuit, at each power-on of said power supply cycle, a power condition of said auxiliary power supply,
storing, by said control circuit, in said memory, a momentary timing value of said timing circuit if said determined power condition exceeds a set power threshold, and
setting, by said control circuit, said timing circuit at said stored timing value if said determined power condition is below said set power threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,667,367

APP BASED FREE SETTING METHOD FOR SETTING OPERATING PARAMETER OF SECURITY LIGHT

1. An on line free setting method for setting at least one operating parameter of a lighting device, comprising:using a user interface APP comprising at least one free setting algorithm preloaded in a mobile device to transform a user's setting decision into at least one operating variable of at least one operating parameter of the lighting device;
transmitting via the mobile device at least one wireless instruction signal carrying at least one message of the at least one operating variable to the lighting device for processing at least one value of the at least one operating parameter of the lighting device according to the user's setting decision; and
using a controller of the lighting device, designed with a capacity to interpret the at least one wireless instruction signal received by a wireless signal receiver of the lighting device and accordingly manages to output at least one control signal to control, select or set the at least one value of the at least one operating parameter of the lighting device;
wherein when the user interface APP is activated and concluded with at least one setting decision, the user interface APP manages to transmit via the mobile device the at least one wireless instruction signal carrying at least one message of the at least one operating variable to the lighting device, wherein the at least one operating variable is used for processing at least one value of the at least one operating parameter of the lighting device;
wherein the at least one value of the at least one operating parameter is stored in a memory of the controller for a repetitive performance, wherein the at least one value of the at least one operating parameter stored is replaceable by processing a new at least one operating variable selected by the user;
wherein the at least one operating parameter is used for controlling at least one of various functional performance settings of the lighting device including at least timer setting, light intensity setting, color temperature setting, detection sensitivity setting or performance mode switching and setting between two different illumination performance modes;
wherein the user interface APP is operable on a touch screen panel of the mobile device, wherein the free setting algorithm is a capacity scale simulation process implemented by a visual configuration of a free setting operator incorporated with a capacity scale simulator and an indicator of a capacity operating rate to facilitate the user's decision making process in setting a desired level of the at least one operating parameter, wherein when the free setting operator is activated by the user to interact with the capacity scale simulator, the user's interface APP responsively manages to determine a value of the capacity operating rate by selection or computation according to an instantaneous state of interaction between the free setting operator and the capacity scale simulator with the indicator of the capacity operating rate simultaneously showing the instantaneous value of the capacity operating rate, wherein the capacity operating rate shown in the indicator can be an operating percentage, an operating chart or an actual operating value of a relevant operating parameter, wherein when a free setting motion of the free setting operator is ceased, the user interface APP manages to generate the at least one operating variable corresponding to the capacity operating rate being determined and accordingly operates to transmit the at least one wireless instruction signal carrying the at least one message of the at least one operating variable to the lighting device for execution.

US Pat. No. 10,667,366

LIGHTING DEVICES WITH AUTOMATIC LIGHTING ADJUSTMENT

OSRAM SYLVANIA Inc., Wil...

1. A method of controlling a lighting device, comprising:receiving, at a processor, position sensor data, the position sensor data representing a position of at least one of a user's head and a user's eyes;
determining, by the processor, whether the user is looking at a task area based on the position sensor data; and
controlling, by the processor, an intensity of light emitted by the lighting device or turning the light on or off in response to determining whether the user is looking at the task area, wherein the lighting device is dimmed or turned off when the user is not looking at the task area and the lighting device is brightened or turned on to illuminate the task area when the user is looking at the task area.

US Pat. No. 10,667,365

INTELLIGENT LIGHTING CONTROL SYSTEM ZONE IDENTIFICATION APPARATUSES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS

Racepoint Energy, LLC, O...

1. A method of operating a lighting control system, the method comprising:actuating a first switch control circuit of a first lighting control module of a plurality of lighting control modules wherein each lighting control module in the plurality of lighting control modules includes:
a module housing,
a user interface coupled to the module housing,
a light sensor coupled to the module housing, and
a second switch control circuit positioned in the module housing and including a processor configured to modulate a flow of electrical energy to a lighting circuit via a dimmer circuit to produce a plurality of lighting scenes by varying an illumination of a light bulb connected to the lighting circuit, the second switch control circuit electrically connected to the user interface and the light sensor,
detecting actuation of the first switch control circuit of the first lighting control module at each lighting control module in the plurality of lighting control modules;
polling, responsive to actuating the first switch control circuit, the light sensor in each lighting control module by a respective processor in each lighting control module, to detect a change in a light level;
transmitting, from each lighting control module, the change in the light level detected by a respective lighting control module;
cataloging the lighting control modules that detected the change in the light level caused by the actuation of the first switch control circuit into a first zone of one or more zones; and
cataloguing the lighting control modules that detected the change in the light level caused by the actuation of the first switch control circuit into a respective zone based on a magnitude of the detected change.

US Pat. No. 10,667,364

LAMP DIMMING CIRCUIT WITH ELECTRICITY LEAKAGE PREVENTING FUNCTION

Self Electronics Co., Ltd...

1. A lamp dimming circuit for an illuminator with electricity leakage prevention function comprising:a power module;
a PWM signal conversion module;
an optocoupler;
an analog signal conversion module;
a controller; and
a voltage conversion module for connecting to the illuminator,
wherein
the PWM signal conversion module has a signal input end for a dimming input signal,
a Y capacitor is disposed between the power module and the PWM signal conversion module,
the power module is connected to one end of the Y capacitor, and other end of the Y capacitor is connected to the PWM signal conversion module,
a signal output end of the PWM signal conversion module is connected to a signal input end of the optocoupler, and a signal output end of the optocoupler is connected to a signal input end of the analog signal conversion module, and a signal output end of the analog signal conversion module is connected to the controller,
the controller is connected to the voltage conversion module,
the voltage conversion module has a dimming signal output end for outputting a dimming signal to the illuminator,
the PWM signal conversion module is configured to acquire the dimming input signal and convert the dimming input signal into a PWM modulated signal, and
the analog signal conversion module is configured to convert an output signal of the optocoupler into an analog signal.

US Pat. No. 10,667,363

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DRIVING LED STRING

ANPEC ELECTRONICS CORPORA...

1. A method of driving a light-emitting diode (LED) string, which is applicable to detect an operational parameter of one or more LED strings of a display device and drive the one or more LED strings according to the operational parameter, wherein each LED string is connected to a transistor, the transistor has a first terminal, a second terminal and a control terminal, the first terminal of the transistor is connected to a negative terminal of the LED string, the second terminal of the transistor is connected to a reference potential, the control terminal of the transistor is connected to a system of driving the LED string, the method comprising the following steps:(a) obtaining a detected voltage of the control terminal of the transistor by a first comparator;
(b) determining, by a first comparator, whether or not the detected voltage of the control terminal of the transistor is lower than a first reference voltage provided by a first reference voltage source, in response to determining that the detected voltage is not lower than the first reference voltage, controlling a power supply device to raise a voltage of the LED string by a light controller and then performing step (a), in response to determining that the detected voltage is lower than the first reference voltage, obtaining the detected voltage of the control terminal of the transistor by a second comparator;
(c) determining, by the second comparator, whether or not the detected voltage of the control terminal of the transistor is lower than a second reference voltage provided by a second reference voltage source, in response to determining that the detected voltage is not lower than the second reference voltage, determining that a short circuit does not occur in the LED string, in response to determining that the detected voltage is lower than the second reference voltage, controlling an input current source to provide an input current to the LED string such that an output current of the LED string increases by the light controller; and
(d) determining, by the light controller, whether or not a current flowing through the LED string reaches a maximum current that is adjustable by the light controller, in response to determining that the current reaches the maximum current, determining a short circuit to occur in the LED string, in response to determining that the current does not reach the maximum current, returning to obtain the detected voltage of the control terminal of the transistor by the second comparator.

US Pat. No. 10,667,362

METHODS OF OPERATING LIGHTING SYSTEMS WITH CONTROLLABLE ILLUMINATION

COOLEDGE LIGHTING INC., ...

1. A method of operating, over a plurality of time intervals, an illumination system comprising (i) a power supply, (ii) one or more first strings of light-emitting elements, and (iii) one or more second strings of light-emitting elements, different from the one or more first strings, wherein (a) the first and second strings are configured to emit light of different optical characteristics, (b) each first string comprises first circuitry configured to allow current flow to said first string when said first string is forward biased and to limit or prevent current flow to said first string when said first string is reverse biased, (c) each second string comprises second circuitry configured to allow current flow to said second string when said second string is forward biased and to limit or prevent current flow to said second string when said second string is reverse biased, (d) each first string comprises a first current control element different from the first circuitry of said first string, and electrically connected in series to the light-emitting elements of said first string, and (e) each second string comprises a second current control element different from the second circuitry of said second string, and electrically connected in series to the light-emitting elements of said second string, the method comprising:(A) during a first time interval within the plurality of time intervals, (i) forward biasing the one or more first strings by supplying thereto a first signal from the power supply, and (ii) reverse biasing the one or more second strings, wherein the second circuitry of each second string limits or prevents current flow to said second string during the first time interval;
(B) during a second time interval after the first time interval, disconnecting the one or more first strings from the power supply and disconnecting the one or more second strings from the power supply;
(C) during a third time interval after the second time interval, (i) forward biasing the one or more second strings by supplying thereto a second signal from the power supply, and (ii) reverse biasing the one or more first strings, wherein the first circuitry of each first string limits or prevents current flow to said first string during the third time interval;
(D) repeating steps (A)-(C) one or more times;
during step (D), varying a perceived overall optical characteristic of light emitted by the illumination system over the plurality of time intervals by varying relative durations of the first and third time intervals; and
during step (D), decreasing an overall intensity of light emitted by the illumination system over the plurality of time intervals by increasing a duration of the second time interval.

US Pat. No. 10,667,361

BALLAST INDEPENDENT RETROFIT LED LAMP WITH FLICKER REDUCTION CIRCUITRY

Silicon Hill B.V., Amste...

1. A retrofit LED lamp for replacing a fluorescent lamp in fixture having a magnetic or an electronic ballast, including electronic ballasts performing a lamp present detection in a detection period at a start-up of the lamp, the retrofit LED lamp comprising:a retrofit lamp connector for electrically connecting the retrofit lamp to the ballast of the fixture,
impedances connected between connector points of the retrofit lamp connector which correspond with connector points of filaments of the fluorescent lamp replaced,
rectifying circuitry coupled to the retrofit lamp connector for rectifying an AC current received from the ballast via the retrofit lamp connector,
LED circuitry, coupled to the rectifying circuitry, and comprising LEDs for emitting light when energized by the rectified current received from the rectifying circuitry,
a flicker reduction circuit connectable in parallel over at least a part of the LEDs of the LED circuitry for reducing an AC component in the current through said part of the LEDs so as to reduce a flickering of the emitted light,
a switch circuit for establishing the parallel connection of the flicker reduction circuit over the LEDs, and
a switch control circuit for controlling the switch circuit and configured to keep the flicker reduction circuit disconnected during a delay period at a begin of a start-up of the LED retrofit lamp and to continuously connect the flicker reduction circuit after the delay period in case the retrofit lamp is energized by a magnetic ballast, whereby the detection period expires before the end of the delay period.

US Pat. No. 10,667,360

ARTIFICIAL LIGHT COLOR MIXING PROCESS

1. A process for mixing a first color of LED-sourced light with a second color of LED-sourced light to produce a mixed color of LED-sourced light comprising:providing the first color of LED-sourced light at a first intensity;
providing the second color of LED-sourced light at a second intensity, the second intensity lower than the first intensity; and,
cross fading the first color of LED-sourced light with the second color of LED-sourced light until a desired mixed color of LED-sourced light is produced at the first intensity.

US Pat. No. 10,667,359

LIGHTING SYSTEM CONTROL BASED ON LIGHTING PLAYLIST

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A method of controlling a light output of a lighting system, the method comprising:obtaining, by one or more computing devices, data associated with a library of lighting playlists for the lighting system, the library comprising a plurality of lighting playlists;
responsive to obtaining the data associated with the library of lighting playlists, displaying, by the one or more computing devices, a a first plurality of interface elements on a display device, each of the first plurality of interface elements corresponding to a different category of lighting playlists;
obtaining, by the one or more computing devices, data indicative of a user request for a selected category of lighting playlists, the user request implemented via a user interacting with one of the first plurality of interface elements;
responsive to obtaining the data indicative of the user request, displaying, by the one or more computing devices, a second plurality of interface elements on the display device, each of the second plurality of interface elements corresponding to a lighting playlist included in the library and associated with the selected category of lighting playlists;
obtaining, by the one or more computing devices, data indicative of a user request for a selected lighting playlist within the selected category of lighting playlists, the user request implement via a user interacting with one of the second plurality of interface elements;
responsive to obtaining the data indicative of the user request for the selected lighting playlist, obtaining, by the one or more computing devices, data associated with the selected lighting playlist from one or more memory devices; and
communicating, by the one or more computing devices, the data associated with the selected lighting playlist for control of the light output of the lighting system in accordance with the selected lighting playlist.

US Pat. No. 10,667,358

LOAD CONTROL USING AC SIGNALLING WITH UNIQUE SIGNATURES

1. A method comprising:receiving an AC input signal by a controller AC input of a controller, the controller including the controller AC input and a controller AC output;
modifying, by the controller, the AC input signal to provide, on a cycle-by-cycle basis, an encoded AC signal that exhibits a unique AC signature at the controller AC output, the unique AC signature being associated with a particular user-selectable load characteristic,
supplying, by the controller AC output, the encoded AC signal to an AC supply load line;
receiving, by a load circuit, the encoded AC signal from the AC supply load line, wherein the load circuit includes both a load and a load modulator;
decoding, by a decoder in the load circuit, the encoded AC signal to determine the unique AC signature of the encoded AC signal;
changing, by the load circuit, a load characteristic of the load circuit to the particular user-selectable load characteristic associated with the unique AC signature;
sensing, by a plurality of environmental information sensors of the load circuit, respective different environmental conditions observed by the plurality of environmental information sensors;
modulating, by the load modulator of the load circuit, the load of the load circuit to encode sensed environmental condition information into current variations that the load circuit sends back to the controller via the AC supply load line, and
current sensing, by the controller, the current on the AC supply load line to decode the encoded sensed environmental condition information received by the controller back from the load circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,667,357

LIGHT CONTROL BASED ON DEVICE ORIENTATION

Designs for Vision, Inc.,...

1. A lighting device comprising:a light source configured to output a light along an optical axis;
a light control device comprising:
a switch configured to pass an electrical energy from an electrical source to said light source;
a position detector circuit configured to:
determine an orientation of said light source with respect to at least one axis in a coordinate system; and
transmit an orientation signal, wherein said orientation signal is associated with said orientation of said light source with respect to each of said at least one axis;
a sensor comprising:
a transmitter configured to transmit a signal; and
a receiver configured to:
receive a reflection of said transmitted signal, wherein said sensor is configured to:
transmit a detection signal, wherein said detection signal is associated with receiving said reflection of said transmitted signal;
a processor configured to:
receive the orientation signal the detection signal;
compare each of said signals of said orientation signal associated with a corresponding one of said at least one axis with known limit values associated with said corresponding one of said at least one axis, wherein said known limit values are established with respect to a reference axis;
determine whether said orientation of said light source is within said known limit values associated with each of said at least one axis; and
control the switch to pass said electrical energy to said light source when said position of said light source is determined within said known limit values associated with each of said at least one axis, wherein said processor is further configured to:
determine a duration of said detection signal; and
set the reference axis comparable to a current optical axis orientation when said duration of said detection signal is greater than a predetermined time.

US Pat. No. 10,667,356

DIMMING CONTROLLERS AND DIMMING METHODS CAPABLE OF RECEIVING PWM DIMMING SIGNAL AND DC DIMMING SIGNAL

LEADTREND TECHNOLOGY CORP...

1. A dimming controller for dimming a light-emitting device, comprising:an input node for receiving a dimming signal used for dimming the light-emitting device;
a type identifier connected to the input node, for identifying whether the dimming signal is of DC or of PWM; and
a multiplexer with an output, the multiplexer controlled by the type identifier and configured to provide at least a DC signal path and a PWM signal path both coupled between the input node and the output;
wherein the type identifier makes the multiplexer enable the DC signal path and interrupt the PWM signal path if the dimming signal is identified as of DC, and makes the multiplexer enable the PWM signal path and interrupt the DC signal path if the dimming signal is identified as of PWM.

US Pat. No. 10,667,355

SYSTEM FOR ELECTRICAL LIGHTING FIXTURES

1. A system, comprising:a power source comprising a primary side configured to receive an alternating current and a secondary side configured to receive the alternating current from the primary side and step-down the alternating current to a low voltage of direct current;
a lighting control panel comprising a plurality of relays electrically coupled to the power source at the secondary side; and
a plurality of lighting fixtures electrically coupled to the lighting control panel and the power source at the secondary side on a negative end such that the power source is constantly on and operable to provide electrical power to the plurality of lighting fixtures;
wherein a first relay of the plurality of relays is operable to provide the stepped-down low voltage received from the secondary side of the power source to a first lighting fixture of the plurality of lighting fixtures, and a second relay of the plurality of relays is operable to provide the stepped-down low voltage received from the secondary side of power source to a second lighting fixture of the plurality of lighting fixtures.

US Pat. No. 10,667,354

ADDRESS SETTING AND SIGNAL TRANSMISSION METHOD AND LED MODULE BASED ON THE POWER LINE WORKING CONDITION

JIANGMEN PENGJIANG TIANLI...

1. An address setting and signal transmission method based on a power line working condition, comprising:inputting a signal flow via a power line; demodulating, by a demodulator, the signal flow into an electric power signal and a coded signal; parsing the coded signal into an address setting signal or a control signal; and performing address setting on the address setting signal by a first data processor to generate a comparative address database and then storing the comparative address database into a memory.

US Pat. No. 10,667,353

LIGHTING SYSTEM OF ALTERNATE CURRENT LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES

JITBoundary United Produc...

1. A lighting system of AC-LEDs, comprising:a first, a second and a third AC-LED modules, each including a first and a second nodes, and a first and a second LED modules interconnected between the first and second nodes;
at least three rectifier circuits, each having a first and a second rectified output terminals and a first, a second, a third and a fourth unidirectional elements, wherein the first and second unidirectional elements are connected in series and in the same direction between the first node and the first LED module, the third and fourth unidirectional elements are connected in series and in the same direction between the second node and the second LED module, and the respective first and third unidirectional elements include a positive terminal connected to the first and second nodes, respectively, the respective first and fourth unidirectional elements include a negative terminal connected to the second rectified output terminal, and the respective second and third unidirectional elements include a negative terminal connected to the first rectified output terminal;
a first, a second and a third multi-stage driver modules, connected between the positive terminal of the second unidirectional element and the positive terminal of the fourth unidirectional element in each of the rectifier circuits, respectively;
a first phase voltage input terminal, connected to the first node of the first AC-LED module, the second node of the third AC-LED module and the first multi-stage driver module;
a second phase voltage input terminal, connected to the second node of the first AC-LED module, the first node of the second AC-LED module and the second multi-stage driver module; and
a third phase voltage input terminal, connected to the second node of the second AC-LED module, the first node of the third AC-LED module and the third multi-stage driver module.

US Pat. No. 10,667,351

LED LIGHTING SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONSTANT CURRENT CONTROL IN VARIOUS OPERATION MODES

On-Bright Electronics (Sh...

1. A system for providing at least an output current to one or more light emitting diodes, the system comprising:a transconductance amplifier configured to receive a sensed signal and also receive a predetermined voltage signal through a first switch, the sensed signal being associated with an inductor current flowing through an inductor coupled to a second switch, the transconductance amplifier being further configured to generate a current signal;
a capacitor coupled to the transconductance amplifier and configured to generate a voltage signal;
a comparator configured to process information associated with the voltage signal and a ramping signal and generate a comparison signal based on at least information associated with the voltage signal and the ramping signal;
a modulation-signal generator configured to receive at least the comparison signal and generate a modulation signal; and
a gate driver configured to receive the modulation signal and output a drive signal to the second switch;
wherein:
the drive signal is associated with at least one or more switching periods, each of the one or more switching periods including at least an on-time period for the second switch;
the transconductance amplifier is further configured to, for each of the one or more switching periods, receive at least a predetermined voltage signal only during the on-time period; and
the current signal is configured to charge or discharge the capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,667,350

TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION IN OPTICAL SENSING SYSTEM

TT ELECTRONICS PLC, Carr...

1. A temperature-dependent current generator, comprising:a first transistor connected between a first node and a second node and having a first current at the second node that increases first order linearly when ambient temperature increases;
an operational amplifier having first and second input terminals and an output terminal, the first input terminal coupled to a second voltage potential that is first order independent of the ambient temperature, the second input terminal coupled to a third node;
a second transistor with a gate terminal, a source terminal, and a drain terminal, the gate terminal coupled to the output terminal of the operational amplifier, one of the source and drain terminals coupled to the third node; and
a first resistor coupled between the third node and the second node, a resistance value of the first resistor being first order independent of the ambient temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,667,349

ALTERNATING CURRENT (AC) DIMMING AND EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLY METHOD AND DEVICE

1. An Alternating Current (AC) dimming and emergency power supply method, comprising the following steps that:(1) a Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) pulse module is arranged, an input end of the PWM pulse module being connected with AC of commercial power;
(2) a relay is arranged at an output end of the PWM pulse module, and the relay is also connected with the commercial power;
(3) a Light-Emitting Diode (LED) illumination module is arranged, an LED driving module being connected between the LED illumination module and the commercial power;
(4) a storage battery module is arranged, the storage battery module comprising a power stabilization charging module and a storage battery;
(5) a dual-operational amplification module and central processor module which are connected with each other are arranged, the storage battery being connected with the central processor module and supplying power to the central processor module for long;
(6) an emergency illumination LED module connected with the central processor module is arranged;
(7) when there is commercial power, the PWM pulse module controls the relay to switch off dimming AC output by the dual-operational amplification module and an AC signal sent by the central processor module, and at this moment, the AC of the commercial power supplies power to the LED illumination module through the LED driving module and simultaneously charges the storage battery through the voltage stabilization charging module; and
(8) when there is no commercial power input, the central processor module outputs and transmits a positive power signal to the relay through the dual-operational amplification module, the relay connects the dimming AC output by the dual-operational amplification module with the AC signal sent by the central processor module, and transmits the positive power signal to the AC, thereby supplying power to a load connected to the AC to implement emergency power supply, and at the same time of emergency power supply, LED AC dimming is implemented through the dual-operational amplification module and the central processor module.

US Pat. No. 10,667,348

LIGHTING DEVICE AND LIGHTING SYSTEM FOR BALLAST TYPE DETECTION AND METHOD OF PROVIDING MAINTENANCE INFORMATION

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A lighting device comprising a connector arranged for being installed in a lighting fixture comprising a ballast for powering said lighting device, said lighting device comprising:a light emitting diode module;
a driver circuit, operatively connected between said connector and said light emitting diode module, arranged for controlling supply of power to said light emitting diode module;
a ballast type detection circuit, operatively connected to said connector, arranged for determining ballast type detection data from power signals supplied by said ballast to said connector, and
a communication circuit, operatively connected to said ballast type detection circuit, arranged for exchanging said ballast type detection data;
wherein said ballast type detection circuit is arranged for establishing a type of ballast based on said ballast type detection data.

US Pat. No. 10,667,347

SMART WALL SWITCH CONTROLLER

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A smart-home system, comprising:a battery-powered smart home device that communicates using a first wireless protocol characterized by relatively low power usage and relatively low data rates; and
a wall switch controller, comprising:
a light switch that controls operation of a light;
a voice interaction system, comprising a microphone and speaker, configured to receive voice-based commands and output voice interactions;
wireless communication circuitry comprising a first wireless interface and a second wireless interface, wherein:
the first wireless interface is configured to communicate with the battery-powered smart home device using the first wireless protocol; and
the second wireless interface is configured serve as a communication bridge between the battery-powered smart home device and a wireless network that uses a second communication protocol characterized by relatively higher power usage and relatively higher data rates;
a power storage module for storing power and using the power to maintain wireless communications via the wireless communication circuitry during a power outage; and
one or more processors that are in communication with the voice interaction system, the wireless communication circuitry, and the power storage module.

US Pat. No. 10,667,346

LIGHTING CONTROL CONFIGURATION

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A method for configuring a lighting system including one or more sensors for controlling one or more lighting units for providing illumination of an area, said method comprising:obtaining one or more images of the area;
for a given sensing function, identifying, based on said obtained one or more images, at least one target area where said sensing function is to occur;
determining, based on said obtained one or more images and said identified at least one target area, one or more sensor locations suitable for providing said sensing function at said target area; and
prompting a user to provide a new sensor or move an existing sensor to said one or more sensor locations.

US Pat. No. 10,667,345

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE PACKAGES, LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE PACKAGE STRIP, AND LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE PACKAGE

LUMENS CO., LTD., Yongin...

1. A method for manufacturing light-emitting device packages, the method comprising:a light-emitting device mounting step for mounting a plurality of light-emitting devices on a substrate strip;
a phosphor forming step for forming a phosphor on the plurality of light-emitting devices;
a reflective member forming step for forming a reflective member on the substrate strip to surround the phosphor;
a support member forming step for forming a support member including an insulator and a wiring layer below the substrate strip to support the substrate strip; and
a package singulation step for singulating unit packages by cutting the substrate strip and the reflective member,
wherein the substrate strip has a plurality of pairs of a first electrode and a second electrode;
wherein upper surfaces of the first electrode and the second electrode are coplanar with lower surfaces of the light-emitting device, the phosphor, and the reflective member, and
wherein each of the unit packages formed by the support member forming step and the package singulator step comprises:
a first cut surface on a side surface of the reflective member;
a second cut surface on a side surface of the first electrode and the second electrode;
a plurality of through electrodes, each of the through electrodes penetrating through the insulator to connect to each of the first electrode and the second electrode, respectively; and
a plurality of rear wiring layers on the wiring layer, each of the rear wiring layers being connected to each of the through electrodes, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,667,344

RETROFIT LED LAMP

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A retrofit lamp to be used with a lighting ballast, comprising:a first pair of connectors and a second pair of connectors,
a filament emulation circuit between the connectors of the first pair and/or between the connectors of the second pair,
a voltage detector to detect a voltage across the filament emulation circuit;
at least two LED segments; and
a reconfiguration circuit adapted to connect the at least two LED segments in a series configuration or a parallel configuration depending on whether the voltage is detected or not.

US Pat. No. 10,667,343

MODULAR SOLID STATE LIGHTING APPARATUS PLATFORM WITH LOCAL AND REMOTE MICROPROCESSOR CONTROL

LIGHTICIANS INC., Van Nu...

1. A lighting platform comprising:an enclosure,
a logic module housed within said enclosure,
at least one lighting element operatively connected to said logic module, and
a power source,
wherein said logic module further comprises
networking means,
processing means, and
a control unit configured to allow user control of the at least one lighting element, and
wherein said at least one lighting element further comprises a magnetic attachment element operatively connected to the logic module.

US Pat. No. 10,667,342

CONFIGURABLE LIGHT SOURCE DRIVER DEVICE

Avago Technologies Intern...

11. An integrated circuit comprising:circuitry configured to selectively place the integrated circuit in either a low electro-magnetic interference (EMI) mode of operation or a low power mode of operation, the low EMI mode of operation characterized by placing a light source in a pulsed mode of operation when the light source is coupled to a first externally-accessible terminal of the integrated circuit and a resistor is coupled to a second externally-accessible terminal of the integrated circuit, the low power mode of operation characterized by placing the light source in the pulsed mode of operation when the light source is coupled to the first externally-accessible terminal of the integrated circuit and the second externally-accessible terminal of the integrated circuit is left unconnected, wherein the circuitry comprises:
a current source;
a first switch operable to place the light source in the pulsed mode of operation, the pulsed mode of operation of the light source characterized by a first pulsed current draw from a power supply; and
a second switch operable to effectuate a second pulsed current draw from the power supply and through the resistor when the integrated circuit is placed in the low EMI mode of operation, the second pulsed current draw having an opposite polarity to the first pulsed current draw;
a control circuit configured to provide a first switch control signal for actuating the first switch to place the light source in the pulsed mode of operation, and a second switch control signal for actuating the second switch to produce the second pulsed current, the second switch control signal having an opposite polarity to the first switch control signal; and
a resistor presence detector circuit configured to detect a presence of the resistor when coupled to the second externally-accessible terminal and to generate a first detector output signal that is provided to the control circuit for placing the integrated circuit in the low EMI mode of operation.

US Pat. No. 10,667,341

LIGHT PROJECTOR WITH INTEGRATED INTEGRITY SENSOR

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. An optical module, comprising:a diffractive optical element (DOE);
a transparent conductive trace disposed over a surface of the DOE;
an emitter, which is configured to direct a beam of optical radiation through the DOE; and
control circuitry, which is coupled to measure a resistance of the transparent conductive trace and to control operation of the emitter responsively to the resistance.

US Pat. No. 10,667,340

MICROWAVE ASSISTED PARALLEL PLATE E-FIELD APPLICATOR

DSGI Technologies, Inc., ...

1. An annealing system for annealing a planar target substrate, the system comprising:a uniform microwave field generator configured to generate a uniform microwave field;
two spaced-apart plates positioned within the uniform microwave field generator and oriented to form a capacitance effect therebetween within the uniform microwave field;
a turntable device configured to rotate the two plates and the target substrate about an axis along a diametric line of the target substrate within the uniform microwave field, thereby creating a periodic change in a polarity of microwaves applied to the target substrate from the uniform microwave field; and
a support element coupled to the turntable device and configured to hold the target substrate upright during rotation.

US Pat. No. 10,667,339

CONVEYOR BELT

C.A. LITZLER CO., INC., ...

1. An apparatus for conveying and heating an object, the apparatus comprising:a conveyor for conveying the object;
a radio-frequency generator that is operable to emit radio-frequency energy;
a control system configured to control the radio-frequency generator when the object is on the conveyor so as to automatically perform a first heating operation, wherein during the first heating operation, the control system is configured to control the radio-frequency generator so as to apply the radio-frequency energy to the object for a predetermined amount of time, wherein the conveyor comprises:
a first belt that is movable along a first continuous loop, the first continuous loop comprising a first conveyor portion that is substantially linear;
a second belt that is movable along a second continuous loop, the second continuous loop comprising a second conveyor portion that is substantially linear and spaced below the first conveyor portion of the first belt;
a drive system that is operable to move the first belt along the first conveyor portion at a first speed while the second belt is stationary or moves along the second conveyor portion at a second speed that is different than the first speed; and
a support body arranged beneath the second conveyor portion such that the support body provides support for the second belt as the second belt conveys along the second conveyor portion.

US Pat. No. 10,667,338

MICROWAVE GENERATOR FOR A MICROWAVE DEVICE AND MICROWAVE DEVICE

E.G.O. Elektro-Geraetebau...

1. A microwave generator for a microwave device, comprising:a single component carrier for control components and power components of said microwave generator, said component carrier comprising two flat sides;
said component carrier further comprising:
a continuous carrier material; and
at least one power region and at least one control region are provided on said component carrier,
wherein:
in said control region, electrically functional components are arranged on both said flat sides of said component carrier;
in said power region, electrically functional components with at least one power switch are arranged only on a first of said flat sides;
in said power region, heat sinks, cooling means are arranged on a second of said flat sides;
an RF substrate is arranged on said component carrier; and
the RF substrate is fitted sunk in a recess into an upper of said two flat sides of said component carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,667,336

FOOD COOKING SYSTEM

PANASONIC CORPORATION, O...

1. A food cooking system comprising:a single-serving food package including food as an object to be cooked and an accommodating body accommodating the food;
a heating chamber accommodating the single-serving food package;
a steam supplier that supplies steam into the heating chamber;
a microwave supplier that supplies microwaves into the heating chamber;
the food cooking system heating and cooking the food with the steam and the microwaves;
wherein the accommodating body is configured to be able to take in steam that is in the heating chamber into the single-serving food package, and
the steam is supplied to the food in the single-serving food package from both above and below the food;
a steam-permeable mount table for the single-serving food package;
a support member that is placed on the steam-permeable mount table and supports the single-serving food package such that the single-serving food package remains at a position above an upper surface of the steam-permeable mount table; and
wherein:
the accommodating body is a resin or paper tray including a bottom surface portion on which the food is placed and a peripheral surface portion extending upward from a peripheral edge of the bottom surface portion, has vent holes for steam to pass through in the bottom surface portion and at positions above the food in the accommodating body, and has a flange portion that is formed so as to protrude from an upper end portion of the peripheral surface portion,
the support member is a frame that can surround the peripheral surface portion of the tray, and is configured to be able to support the tray at a position above the upper surface of the steam-permeable mount table with the flange portion of the tray abutting against an upper end of the frame placed on the steam-permeable mount table,
the steam is directly supplied under the steam-permeable mount table; the supplied steam permeates the steam-permeable mount table; a part of the steam that has permeated the steam-permeable mount table is introduced into the single-serving food package via the vent holes in the bottom surface portion; and another part of the steam that has permeated the steam-permeable mount table is introduced into a space defined by the steam-permeable mount table, the single-serving food package, and the support member and further introduced into the single-serving food package via the vent holes at the positions above the food, and
the steam at a temperature of 85 to 130° C. is supplied into the heating chamber by the steam supplier, and microwaves with an actual output of 500 to 3000 W are supplied by the microwave supplier for 15 to 180 seconds while the steam is supplied into the single-serving food package.

US Pat. No. 10,667,335

COOKING TABLE TOP WITH LIGHT-TRANSMISSIVE PORTIONS

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A table top comprising:an upper plate, which is a plate-shaped non-magnetic member and supports an electronic or cooking device placed thereon;
an energy supply module, which is disposed under the upper plate to supply energy to the electronic or cooking device;
at least one light source configured to generate light and disposed in the energy supply module; and
at least one light-transmissive portion, which is provided in the upper plate and through which the light generated by the light source is transmitted,
wherein at least a portion of the light, generated by the light source, is emitted upward from the upper plate through the light-transmissive portion, and
wherein the light-transmissive portion includes a plurality of light-transmissive grooves, which are formed by denting the upper plate upward from below.

US Pat. No. 10,667,334

EDDY CURRENT HEAT GENERATING APPARATUS

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...

1. An eddy current heat generating apparatus comprising:a rotary shaft rotatably supported by a non-rotative member;
a heat generator fixed to the rotary shaft, the heat generator being cylindrical;
a plurality of permanent magnets arrayed to face a whole circumference of an outer peripheral surface of the heat generator with a gap such that magnetic pole arrangements of adjacent ones of the permanent magnets are opposite to each other;
a magnet holder holding the permanent magnets and fixed to the non-rotative member; and
a heat recovery system collecting heat generated in the heat generator, the heat recovery system further comprising:
a closed container fixed to the non-rotative member and surrounding the heat generator, the closed container including a partition wall disposed in the gap between the heat generator and the permanent magnets,
pipes connected to an inlet and an outlet, respectively, which lead to an internal space of the closed container;
a heat storage device connected to the pipes; and
a heat medium circulating in the closed container, the pipes and the heat storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,667,333

INDUCTION HEAT COOKING APPARATUS

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. An electronic induction heat cooking apparatus comprising:a rectifier configured to rectify an input voltage and to output a direct current (DC) voltage;
a plurality of switching elements configured to switch the DC voltage output through the rectifier;
a plurality of heating coils configured to heat a cooking utensil based on operation of the plurality of switching elements;
a controller configured to control the plurality of switching elements; and
a support member configured to support the heating coils and a magnetic member, the support member comprising:
a plurality of coil support parts that extend in a spiral shape about a center of the heating coils and that define a plurality of grooves disposed between the coil support parts, each of the grooves being configured to receive one or more of the heating coils, and
a plurality of reinforcement parts that support the coil support parts and that define a magnetic member insertion part disposed between the reinforcement parts and configured to receive the magnetic member therein,
wherein the heating coils are configured to be received between and wound along the coil support parts and to contact the magnetic member received in the magnetic member insertion part to thereby increase magnetic efficiency,
wherein a width of a cross section of each of the grooves decreases toward an entrance of each of the grooves,
wherein the reinforcement parts extend in a vertical direction, each of the reinforcement parts having a first vertical portion that contacts a side surface of the magnetic member and a second vertical portion that extends from the first vertical portion in the vertical direction and that faces one or more side surfaces of the heating coils,
wherein each of the coil support parts is disposed at a position corresponding to the second vertical portion of the reinforcement parts, and
wherein the magnetic member insertion part is configured to receive the magnetic member in a state in which an upper side of the magnetic member is in contact with lower sides of the heating coils and lower sides of the coil support parts.

US Pat. No. 10,667,332

INDUCTION HEAT COOKING APPARATUS

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. An electronic induction heat cooking apparatus comprising:a first cooker module and a second cooker module that include at least one heating coil and a dual heating coil, the dual heating coil including an inner coil and an outer coil,
wherein the first cooker module includes:
the inner coil of the dual heating coil,
a plurality of switching elements configured to operate the inner coil, and
a first microcontroller unit insulated from the plurality of switching elements and configured to control the plurality of switching elements,
wherein the second cooker module includes:
the outer coil of the dual heating coil,
a plurality of switching elements configured to operate the outer coil of the dual heating coil, and
a second microcontroller unit insulated from the plurality of switching elements of the second cooker module and configured to control the plurality of switching elements of the second cooker module,
wherein the first microcontroller unit and the second microcontroller unit are connected to a same ground,
wherein each of the plurality of switching elements of the first cooker module and each of the plurality of switching elements of the second cooker module are connected to different grounds,
wherein the first microcontroller unit and the second microcontroller unit share an oscillator,
wherein the first microcontroller unit and the second microcontroller unit share an oscillator frequency and are configured to control the inner coil and the outer coil to operate with a same operation frequency,
wherein the plurality of switching elements of the second cooker module include:
first, second, third, and fourth switching elements connected to one another in series between a positive terminal of a rectifier and a negative terminal of the rectifier, wherein the second cooker module further includes:
a first heating coil having one end connected to a contact point between the first switching element and the second switching element, and another end connected between a first resonance capacitor connected to one end of the rectifier and a second resonance capacitor connected to another end of the rectifier, and
a second heating coil having one end connected to a contact point between the second switching element and the third switching element, and another end connected to a third resonance capacitor connected to the one end of the rectifier and a fourth resonance capacitor connected to the another end of the rectifier,
wherein the outer coil of the dual heating coil has one end connected to a contact point between the third switching element and the fourth switching element, and another end connected between a fifth resonance capacitor connected to the one end of the rectifier and a sixth resonance capacitor connected to the another end of the rectifier,
wherein one end of the first switching element is connected to the positive terminal of the rectifier, and another end of the first switching element is connected to the second switching element,
wherein one end of the second switching element is connected to the first switching element, and another end of the second switching element is connected to the third switching element,
wherein one end of the third switching element is connected to the second switching element, and another end of the third switching element is connected to the fourth switching element, and
wherein one end of the fourth switching element is connected the third switching element, and another end of the fourth switching element is connected to the negative terminal of the rectifier.

US Pat. No. 10,667,331

HEATING TAPE

NICHIAS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A tape heater comprising:a substrate including deformable two layers which have a belt-like shape;
an electric heater wire fixed to the substrate, the electric heater wire being disposed between the layers; and
an outer covering member that envelops the belt-shaped substrate and includes a deformable porous sheet made of a resin material having a melting point of 300° C. or higher.

US Pat. No. 10,667,329

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN ELECTRICAL HEATER TO LIMIT TEMPERATURE ACCORDING TO DESIRED TEMPERATURE PROFILE OVER TIME

Philip Morris Products S....

1. A method of controlling heating in an aerosol-generating system comprising a heater, the method comprising:comparing a measured voltage across the heater, indicative of a temperature of the heater, with a target value;
if the measured voltage across the heater exceeds the target value by greater than or equal to a first amount, then preventing a supply of power to the heater for a first time period; and
if the measured voltage across the heater exceeds the target value by less than the first amount, then preventing the supply of power to the heater for a second time period that is shorter than the first time period.

US Pat. No. 10,667,328

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IMPLEMENTING INTELLIGENCE ENABLED THINGS (IET)

CenturyLink Intellectual ...

14. An intelligence enabled things (“IET”) tag affixed to a first object among a plurality of objects, the IET tag comprising:at least one processor; and
a non-transitory computer readable medium communicatively coupled to the at least one processor, the non-transitory computer readable medium having stored thereon computer software comprising a set of instructions that, when executed by the at least one processor, causes the IET tag to:
receive information regarding at least one of the first object or one or more nearby objects among the plurality of objects;
determine a status of the at least one of the first object or the one or more nearby objects based at least in part on the received information regarding the at least one of the first object or the one or more nearby objects and based at least in part on first data assigned to the first IET tag;
analyze the determined status to determine whether the determined status exceeds predetermined thresholds for normal parameters for the at least one of the first object or the one or more nearby objects; and
based on the determination that the determined status exceeds predetermined thresholds for normal parameters for the at least one of the first object or the one or more nearby objects, autonomously self-report, to a computing system, a state of the at least one of the first object or the one or more nearby objects.

US Pat. No. 10,667,327

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION APPARATUS, COMMUNICATION METHOD, AND INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A wireless communication apparatus comprising:reception circuitry configured to detect a frame including information for identifying a Basic Service Set (BSS);
control circuitry configured to switch between a first operation in a case where the frame is a frame which is associated with a BSS to which the wireless communication apparatus belongs and a second operation in a case where the frame is a frame which is not associated with the BSS to which the wireless communication apparatus belongs,
wherein a network allocation vector (NAV) associated with a first duration is configured in the first operation,
wherein an NAV associated with a second duration is configured in the second operation, and
the first duration is different from the second duration.

US Pat. No. 10,667,326

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO USE FIXED ACCESS POINTS AS DELAY-TOLERANT NODES IN A NETWORK OF MOVING THINGS INCLUDING AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

Veniam, Inc., Mountain V...

1. A method for communicating data by a first access point, the method comprising:receiving by the first access point, from a first vehicle, a request for data transfer with a Cloud server; and
performing the data transfer, wherein:
when the data transfer comprises uploading data to the Cloud server by the first vehicle, determining by the first access point whether the upload data from the first vehicle can be communicated by the first access point to the Cloud server within a required time period;
when the first access point determines that the upload data can be communicated within the required time period:
receiving, by at least the first access point, upload data from the first vehicle; and
communicating the received upload data from the at least the first access point to the Cloud server; and
when the data transfer comprises downloading data from the Cloud server to the first vehicle:
receiving, by the at least the first access point, download data from the Cloud server; and
communicating the received download data from the at least the first access point to the first vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,667,325

MANAGING NEGOTIATION OF EXTENDED IDLE MODE DISCONTINUOUS RECEPTION PARAMETERS BETWEEN A USER EQUIPMENT AND A CORE NETWORK DEVICE

1. A method, comprising:determining, by a device operatively coupled to a processor, a number of times a network device of a wireless communication network has previously instructed the device to use a network value for an idle mode parameter instead of a device value for the idle mode parameter in association with the device operating in an idle mode; and
in response to a determination that the number of times exceeds a threshold retry number, sending, by the device to the network device, a request to use the network value for the idle mode parameter in association with the device operating in the idle mode.

US Pat. No. 10,667,324

DETERMINING DTX CAUSE

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method at an access node, comprising:transmitting, to a user equipment, UE, an uplink, UL, grant and a downlink, DL, assignment in a same DL subframe;
detecting whether discontinuous transmission, DTX, of at least one of 1) UL data to be transmitted in response to the UL grant received by the UE, and 2) Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request, HARQ, ACK/NACK to be transmitted in response to DL data related to the DL assignment received by the UE occurs; and
determining a cause of the DTX based on a result of the DTX detection,
wherein in a case that the UE supports simultaneous transmissions on an UL shared channel and on an UL control channel, the UL shared channel allows transmission of the UL data and the UL control channel allows transmission of the HARQ ACK/NACK, and
wherein the step of determining comprises:
responsive to detecting that the DTX of both the UL data and the HARQ ACK/NACK occurs, determining that the DTX is caused by a DL problem in which neither the UL grant nor the DL assignment transmitted in the same DL subframe is detected by the UE;
responsive to detecting that the DTX of only the UL data occurs, determining that the DTX is caused by a UL problem in which the UL shared channel is too weak;
responsive to detecting that the DTX of only the HARQ ACK/NACK occurs, determining that the DTX is caused by a UL problem in which the UL control channel is too weak.

US Pat. No. 10,667,323

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RELEASING PRECONFIGURED UPLINK RESOURCES CONFIGURATION IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

ASUSTek Computer Inc., T...

1. A method of a User Equipment (UE), the method comprising:receiving a configuration of a preconfigured uplink resource (PUR) when the UE is in a RRC_CONNECTED state for a first time;
entering a RRC_IDLE state for a first time from the RRC_CONNECTED state, and performing a first transmission using the PUR when the UE is in the RRC_IDLE state;
entering the RRC_CONNECTED state for a second time from the RRC_IDLE state, and suspending the configuration when the UE is in the RRC_CONNECTED state after performing the first transmission; and
resuming the configuration when the UE enters the RRC_IDLE state for a second time from the RRC_CONNECTED state, and performing a second transmission using the PUR when the UE is in the RRC_IDLE state.

US Pat. No. 10,667,322

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CHANGING CONNECTION STATE OF TERMINAL

KT CORPORATION, Gyeonggi...

1. A method of changing a connection state of a user equipment, the method comprising:receiving a radio resource control (RRC) message from a base station, where the RRC message includes instruction information for instructing state transition into a light connection state;
configuring a connection state of the user equipment into the light connection state based on the instruction information;
receiving a paging message for the user equipment; and
determining to change the connection state of the user equipment based on a UE identifier included in the paging message,
wherein the configuring into the light connection state includes suspending signaling radio bearer (SRB) and data radio bearer (DRB) of the user equipment and storing a UE context for maintaining a core network connection between the base station and a core network for the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,667,321

EVOLVED NODE-B, USER EQUIPMENT, AND METHODS FOR TRANSITION BETWEEN IDLE AND CONNECTED MODES

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. An apparatus of a User Equipment (UE) configured for cellular Internet of Things (IoT) operations, the apparatus comprising:memory; and
processing circuitry,
wherein the UE is configured with a Radio Resource Control (RRC) connection by an Evolved Node B (eNB), and
wherein the processing circuitry is configured to:
encode uplink data for transmission to the eNB and decode downlink data from the eNB using one or more data radio bearers (DRBs) of the RRC connection;
decode an RRC Connection Release message, the RRC Connection Release message including one or more indicators to notify the UE to suspend the RRC connection including suspension of the DRBs of the RRC connection and to notify the UE to store Access Stratum (AS) context, wherein during the suspension of the RRC connection, the DRBs of the RRC connection remain established and inactive;
store the AS context in the memory in response to the RRC Connection Release message notifying the UE to suspend the RRC connection;
after storing the AS context, suspend the RRC connection and the one or more DRBs of the RRC connection; and
configure the UE to enter RRC idle after suspending the RRC connection and suspending the DRBs of the RRC connection,
wherein when the UE is RRC idle, the processing circuitry is configured to encode an RRC connection resume request message for transmission to the eNB in response to a paging message, and
wherein in response to an RRC connection resume message from the eNB, the processing circuitry is configured to resume the established DRBs and re-establish a AS security context when transitioning to RRC connected from the RRC idle without DRB establishment.

US Pat. No. 10,667,320

NETWORK CONNECTIVITY OF A BUILDING CONTROL DEVICE

Ademco Inc., Golden Vall...

1. A building control device comprising:a wireless interface for wirelessly connecting the building control device to a network in a building; and
a controller comprising processing circuitry for providing one or more control signals for controlling one or more building control components of a building automation system of the building;
the controller operatively coupled to the wireless interface, the controller further configured to monitor when the wireless interface becomes disconnected from the network, and when the wireless interface becomes disconnected from the network:
attempt to reconnect the wireless interface to the network one or more times, and if successful, return to monitor when the wireless interface becomes disconnected from the network, and if not successful:
switch the wireless interface of the building control device into a configuration mode to establish a direct wireless connection with a remote device;
receive one or more updated network credentials from the remote device while in the configuration mode;
exit the configuration mode; and
connect the wireless interface to the network or another network using the updated network credentials.

US Pat. No. 10,667,318

TERMINAL DEVICE AND PCRF

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A User Equipment (UE) for establishing a Packet Data Network (PDN) connection over a WLAN, the UE comprising:LTE interface circuitry configured to:
transmit a PDN connectivity request message to a Mobility Management Entity (MME), in a case where an Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN) is added to the PDN connection being established over the WLAN, and
receive an Activate default EPS bearer context request message from the MME; and
a controller,
wherein in a case that a Network-based IP flow mobility (NBIFOM) mode of the PDN connection is a UE-initiated NBIFOM mode, the PDN connectivity request message includes first information indicating a default access selected by the UE,
the Activate default EPS bearer context request message includes second information indicating a default access determined by a Policy and Charging Rule Function (PCRF), and
the controller is configured to:
detect the default access indicated by the second information based on reception of the Activate default EPS bearer context request message; and
route a packet not matching any routing filter to the default access indicated by the second information.

US Pat. No. 10,667,317

BASE STATION AND METHOD OF HANDLING SECONDARY CELL GROUP CONFIGURATION IN SECONDARY NODE CHANGE

HTC Corporation, Taoyuan...

1. A first base station (BS), comprising:at least one storage device; and
at least one processing circuit, coupled to the at least one storage device, wherein the at least one storage device stores, and the at least one processing circuit is configured to execute instructions of:
the first BS receiving a first interface message for a communication device from a second BS;
the first BS transmitting a second interface message to the second BS in response to the first interface message, wherein the second interface message comprises a secondary cell group (SCG) configuration and an information element (IE) causing the first BS to comprise an indication indicating release of SCG in a radio resource control (RRC) message; and
the first BS transmitting the RRC message to the communication device, wherein the RRC message comprises the SCG configuration and the indication.

US Pat. No. 10,667,316

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE HAVING PLURAL PROTOCOLS AND PEDALING SENSING DEVICE

SHIMANO INC., Sakai (JP)...

1. A wireless communication device for a human-powered vehicle, comprising:a wireless communicator having
a first communication mode in which at least a first communication protocol is used, and
a second communication mode in which a second communication protocol different from the first communication protocol is used; and
a controller configured to set the wireless communicator with one of the first communication mode and the second communication mode, wherein
the wireless communicator is configured to use each of the first communication protocol and the second communication protocol in the first communication mode.

US Pat. No. 10,667,315

ROUTE AN EMERGENCY CALL OVER VOIP CLIENT TO CELLULAR DEVICE

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A method for routing a communication session using a second computing device communicatively coupled with a first computing device, the method comprising:receiving, from a first computing device, an instruction to establish a communication session using at least one communication protocol that facilitates communication between a packet-switched network and a public switched telephone network;
determining whether a second computing device is available for communicating with the first computing device based on a determination that the communication session cannot be established, wherein the second computing device is configured to communicate using a cellular radio;
based on the determination that the second computing device is available for communicating with the first computing device, automatically establishing at least one communication channel between the first computing device and the second computing device, wherein audio received at the first computing device is communicated to the second computing device and audio received at the second computing device is communicated to the first computing device; and
transmitting an instruction to the second computing device to establish the communication session, wherein audio communicated during the communication session is communicated using the at least one communication channel established between the first computing device and the second computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,667,314

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING A SIGNAL IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM SUPPORTING A RELAY UE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting and receiving by a Relay user equipment (UE), a signal in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving indication information which indicates a remote UE is out of coverage from one or more remote UEs;
transmitting state information of the Relay UE to the one or more remote UEs based on the indication information,
wherein the state information of the Relay UE includes battery state information of the Relay UE, and
wherein the battery state information of the Relay UE includes:
a total capacity of a battery of the Relay UE,
a remaining life of the battery of the Relay UE,
a remaining battery capacity of the battery of the Relay UE,
charge speed information for whether a speed at which the battery of the Relay UE is charged is sufficient to accept a connection request from the one or more remote UEs,
discharge speed information for whether a speed at which the battery of the Relay UE is discharged is sufficient to accept the connection request from the one or more remote UEs, and
battery state information of another Relay UE,
receiving the connection request for transmitting and receiving the signal from the one or more remote UEs;
determining whether or not to accept the connection request for the one or more remote UEs based on the state information of the Relay UE; and
transmitting a response including the determination result to the one or more remote UEs,
wherein a transmission of the state information of the Relay UE is stopped based on a specific timer being started with an initial transmission of the battery state information of the Relay UE.

US Pat. No. 10,667,313

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING THE PAIRING STATUS BETWEEN TWO DEVICES

KNOWMADICS, INC., Herndo...

1. A watch to be paired with a portable electronic device via short-range communication, comprising:a communication circuitry configured to enable short-range communication between the watch and the portable electronic device; and
a processing system including a processor, the processing system being configured to:
establish a pairing with the portable electronic device through a short-range pairing mechanism,
receive, from a user of the watch, an alerting input indicating possible breakage of the pairing with the portable electronic device, and
upon receipt of the alerting input from the user, transmit information indicating the possible breakage of the pairing to the server directly, or via the portable electronic device prior to breakage of the pairing with the portable electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,667,312

REMOTE CONTROLLER AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFORE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A remote controller comprising:a communicator; and
a processor configured to:
control the communicator to broadcast a first request packet for identifying a plurality of external apparatuses located around the remote controller,
based on a first response packet to the first request packet being received by the communicator from each of the plurality of external apparatuses, identify a priority of each of the plurality of external apparatuses based on a signal strength of each of the first response packets, and control the communicator to transmit a second request packet to a first external apparatus among the plurality of external apparatuses according to the identified priorities,
based on a second response packet to the second request packet being received by the communicator from the first external apparatus, identify a degree of directivity for the first external apparatus based on the second response packet, and
based on the identified degree of directivity indicating that the remote controller is directed to the first external apparatus, control the communicator to transmit a third request packet for Bluetooth pairing to the first external apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,667,311

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DATA COMMUNICATION

NEC CORPORATION, Minato-...

1. A method for a relay user equipment in a wireless communication system, the wireless communication system including a base station, the relay user equipment and an out of coverage UE, the method comprising:establishing a RRC connection with the base station;
transmitting first information to the base station, the first information indicating a request to transmit second information and third information to the relay user equipment; and
receiving the second information and the third information, in response to the first information, from the base station after the establishment of RRC connection, the second information indicating a first time period, the first time period defining a sum of a second time period reserved for device to device communication and a third time period reserved for cellular communication, and the third information indicating a relay offset indicator defining an offset from a start of a system frame number #0 to a start of the first time period,
wherein the second information is repeated.

US Pat. No. 10,667,310

MIDRANGE CONTACTLESS TRANSACTIONS

Visa International Servic...

1. An electronic device comprising:a wireless transceiver;
a controller; and
a memory storing a set of instructions, which when executed by the controller, causes the electronic device to:
detect, using the wireless transceiver, a transmission from a wireless communication device;
determine that the transmission includes a transaction service identifier recognized by a transaction application accessible to the electronic device;
in response to determining that the transmission includes the transaction service identifier recognized by the transaction application:
invoke the transaction application associated with the transaction service identifier; and
establish a secured communication channel with the wireless communication device;
receive, on the secured communication channel, transaction information for a transaction associated with a transaction identifier mapped to a device identifier associated with the electronic device; and
transmit, on the secured communication channel, a transaction cryptogram from the transaction application to the wireless communication device to conduct the transaction.

US Pat. No. 10,667,309

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENABLING INTER-PLMN PROXIMITY SERVICES

TELECOM ITALIA S.p.A., M...

1. A method of enabling inter-mobile network proximity services through a direct link between mobile communication devices attached to different mobile networks, the method comprising:selecting and configuring at least one first mobile communication device attached to a first mobile network among said different mobile networks to acquire configuration data related to proximity services of at least a second mobile network among said different mobile networks, said configuration data related to proximity services comprising information about radio resources assigned in said second mobile network for the proximity services;
having the selected and configured first mobile communication device report the acquired configuration data related to proximity services of the at least a second mobile network via dedicated radio resource control (RRC) messaging with the first mobile network; and
having the first mobile communication device indicate the configuration data related to proximity services of the at least a second mobile network directly to other mobile communication devices attached to the first mobile network.

US Pat. No. 10,667,308

SOFTWARE DEMARCATION IN EDGE COMPUTING ENVIRONMENT

1. A method comprising:establishing, by a processing system of a telecommunication service provider network including at least one processor, a first tunnel between the processing system and a virtual machine monitor of a customer premises-based device;
sending, by the processing system, a first instruction to the virtual machine monitor via the first tunnel, the first instruction for directing the virtual machine monitor to reconfigure a first service provider application on the customer premises-based device;
establishing, by the processing system, a second tunnel between the processing system and the first service provider application; and
sending, by the processing system, a second instruction to the first service provider application via the second tunnel to configure the first service provider application to operate in a service function chain.

US Pat. No. 10,667,307

DISAMBIGUATION OF TARGET DEVICES USING AMBIENT SIGNAL DATA

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A method, implemented by a computing device comprising one or more processors and one or more memories coupled to the one or more processors, the one or more memories storing computer-executable instructions that, when executed on the one or more processors, cause the computing device to function as a source device to carry out operations comprising:receiving user input requesting that a target device profile be generated for a specified target device;
detecting at least one ambient signal, wherein the at least one ambient signal is not used to send data between the source device and the specified target device; and
sending first data describing the detected at least one ambient signal and an indication that the first data is associated with the specified target device to a registration component, the registration component causing the first data to be stored and identified as associated with the specified target device.

US Pat. No. 10,667,306

BSSID UPDATING

NEW H3C TECHNOLOGIES CO.,...

1. A method of updating a basic service set identifier (BSSID), comprising:receiving, by a wireless bridge device, an access packet transmitted by a first wireless access point, wherein the access packet carries a service set identifier (SSID), a BSSID of the first wireless access point, and preset configuration information which comprises a preset BSSID, a preset source ID, and a preset address ID;
in case that a target SSID locally saved in the wireless bridge device matches with the SSID carried in the access packet,
determining, by the wireless bridge device, whether a target BSSID locally saved in the wireless bridge device is identical to the BSSID carried in the access packet;
in case that the target BSSID is different from the BSSID carried in the access packet,
determining, by the wireless bridge device, whether the access packet carries configuration information of a second wireless access point currently associated with the wireless bridge device;
in case that the access packet carries the configuration information,
saving, by the wireless bridge device, the BSSID of the first wireless access point carried in the access packet as the target BSSID,
wherein determining whether the access packet carries the configuration information of the second wireless access point currently associated with the wireless bridge device comprises:
determining, by the wireless bridge device, whether the preset BSSID is identical to the target BSSID currently associated with the wireless bridge device;
determining, by the wireless bridge device, that the access packet carries configuration information when the preset BSSID is identical to the target BSSID; and
discarding, by the wireless bridge device, the access packet when the preset BSSID is different from the target BSSID;
wherein, before determining whether the preset BSSID is identical to the target BSSID currently associated with the wireless bridge device, the method further comprises:
determining, by the wireless bridge device, whether the preset source ID and the preset address ID match with a corresponding target source ID and a target address ID which are locally stored in the wireless bridge device, respectively;
discarding, by the wireless bridge device, the access packet when either of the preset source ID and the preset address ID does not match with one of the target source ID and the target address ID; and
determining, by the wireless bridge device, whether the preset BSSID is identical to the target BSSID currently associated with the wireless bridge device when the preset source ID and the preset address ID match with the target source ID and the target address ID, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,667,305

DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD AND SYSTEM

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A data transmission method, comprising:receiving, by a first network device by using a first bearer, data from a base station, wherein the base station receives the data from a terminal, wherein the data carries a first identifier of the terminal, wherein the first bearer used to receive the data by the first network device from the base station corresponds to a first service attribute of the data, wherein one or more first bearers are disposed between the first network device and the base station, and wherein one or more second bearers are disposed between the first network device and a second network device;
obtaining, by the first network device, an IP address of the terminal according to a correspondence between the first identifier of the terminal and the IP address of the terminal; and
sending, by the first network device, the data to the second network device by using a second bearer, wherein the second bearer used to send the data to the second network device corresponds to a second service attribute of the data, and the data sent by the first network device to the second network device carries the IP address of the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,667,304

LOW LATENCY SERVICE CONNECTION SETUP IN NEW SERVICE AREA

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:receiving an indication of preference for services from a user equipment;
determining that the indication indicates a preference for low latency vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication services;
determining whether the low latency V2X communication services are offered in a tracking area of the user equipment;
communicating with the user equipment regarding the availability of the offered low latency V2X communication services preferred by the user equipment; and
retaining a network access stratum signaling connection for a certain fixed duration when it is determined that the indication indicates the preference for low latency V2X communication services and that the low latency V2X communication services are offered.

US Pat. No. 10,667,303

COMMUNICATION APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A communication apparatus comprising:a processor; and
a memory storing instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the communication apparatus to:
search for a printing apparatus;
cause a display to display one or more printing apparatuses detected by searching for the printing apparatus;
if a printing apparatus being selected from the displayed one or more printing apparatuses based on a user operation and the selected printing apparatus is a printing apparatus that is searched using a network provided by a first access point to which the communication apparatus is currently connecting, communicate with the selected printing apparatus via the first access point to which the communication apparatus is currently connecting;
if a printing apparatus being selected from the displayed one or more printing apparatuses based on a user operation and the selected printing apparatus is not a printing apparatus that is searched using the network provided by the first access point to which the communication apparatus is currently connecting, establish a connection with a second access point corresponding to the selected printing apparatus; and
communicate with the selected printing apparatus via the second access point with which the connection has been established.

US Pat. No. 10,667,302

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING UPLINK FRAME IN WIRELESS LAN SYSTEM, AND WIRELESS TERMINAL USING SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting an uplink frame in a wireless LAN system, comprising:after a first trigger frame for uplink transmission of multi-users is received from an access point (AP), configuring, by a user station (STA), a backoff counter for a contention-based channel access based on first parameter information for the multi-users;
performing, by the user STA, a countdown operation based on the backoff counter configured based on the first parameter information;
after a second trigger frame is received, suspending, by the user STA, the countdown operation to transmit a trigger-based uplink frame as a response to the second trigger frame; and
if an acknowledgement (ACK) frame for the trigger-based uplink frame is not received, resuming, by the user STA, the suspended countdown operation.

US Pat. No. 10,667,301

ENHANCED RACH (RANDOM ACCESS CHANNEL) DESIGN FOR 5G CIOT (CELLULAR INTERNET OF THINGS)

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An apparatus configured to be employed within a User Equipment (UE), comprising:receiver circuitry configured to receive random access (RA) resource allocation information via one of a system information message or a downlink control information (DCI) message;
a processor operably coupled to the receiver circuitry and configured to:
select a RA preamble sequence;
generate a payload;
spread the payload via a spreading sequence; and
transmitter circuitry configured to transmit, based on the RA resource allocation information, a RA message comprising the RA preamble sequence and the payload, wherein the RA message is transmitted in a RA slot,
wherein the receiver circuitry is further configured to receive a response comprising a device identity of the UE and one of an uplink (UL) grant or a RA reject message,
wherein the payload indicates a number of repetitions, and wherein the transmitter circuitry is configured to transmit the RA message N times, wherein N is the number of repetitions.

US Pat. No. 10,667,300

COMMUNICATION APPARATUS AND COMMUNICATION METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A communication apparatus, comprising:a memory; and
processing circuitry configured to
control transmission of a trigger frame to another communication apparatus being capable of random access, the trigger frame including sub area information in which a sub area is specified from a resource area including wireless communication resources selectable as uplink resources; and
control reception of a response frame to the trigger frame, the response frame being transmitted using at least one wireless communication resource selected from the sub area, wherein
the sub area information includes a plurality of sub area fields, each of the sub area fields including a condition parameter field associated with a sub area,
each of the condition parameter fields includes information related to a modulation scheme and a coding rate, and
in a case where importance of an uplink frame related to the response frame is higher than importance of other frames, the response frame is transmitted using a plurality of wireless communication resources selected from the sub area.

US Pat. No. 10,667,299

CONTROL PLANE LATENCY REDUCTION IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A network node for provisioning uplink transmission, the network node comprising:node processing circuitry configured to:
transmit at least one random access (RA) message, the at least one RA message including an uplink grant, the uplink grant comprising an indication of radio resources, the indicated radio resources being valid in a plurality of time locations, for uplink transmission to respond to the at least one RA message; and
receive a response message, the response message being received according to one of the plurality of time locations for uplink transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,667,298

CHANNEL ASSESSMENT METHOD AND APPARATUS, TERMINAL, AND BASE STATION

Yulong Computer Telecommu...

1. A channel assessment method when a long term evolution (LTE) system operates in an unlicensed band, applied in a terminal, comprising:receiving an uplink scheduling instruction transmitted by a base station in a subframe n, wherein the uplink scheduling instruction is configured to instruct the terminal to transmit uplink data in a subframe n+i by using an allocated resource; and
setting channel assessment time in a subframe after the subframe n and before the subframe n+i, so as to detect a clear or busy state of an uplink channel to be occupied by the terminal; and
wherein the method further comprises:
receiving multiple configuration manners of the starting point of the channel assessment time and identification codes corresponding to the configuration manners, which are transmitted by the base station through radio resource control (RRC) signaling, and receiving a target identification code transmitted by the base station through downlink control information (DCI) signaling, so as to determine the starting point of the channel assessment time according to a configuration manner corresponding to the target identification code; or
receiving the target identification code transmitted by the base station through downlink control information (DCI) signaling, so as to determine the configuration manner corresponding to the target identification code according to a correspondence between identification codes and the configuration manners of the starting point of the channel assessment time, which is stored in the terminal, and determine the starting point of the channel assessment time according to the configuration manner corresponding to the target identification code; or
listening to signaling, for indicating that subframe transmission ends, transmitted by the base station, so as to determine the starting point of the channel assessment time according to a last subframe of downlink transmission and the number of symbols occupied by the last subframe, which are indicated by the signaling for indicating that the subframe transmission ends.

US Pat. No. 10,667,297

MOBILITY-AWARE CONTENTION PROCEDURES ON A SHARED COMMUNICATION MEDIUM

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A communication method, comprising:detecting, by an access point, a connection failure associated with mobility between a source access point and a target access point sharing a communication medium, the access point being one of the source access point and the target access point;
adapting, by the access point based on the detected connection failure, a backoff threshold for use by the access point and associated with contention-based access to the communication medium, the backoff threshold being adapted so as to increase a likelihood of the source access point yielding the communication medium to the target access point; and
contending, by the access point, for access to the communication medium in accordance with the adapted backoff threshold,
wherein the access point notifies the other of the source and target access points of the adapted backoff threshold,
wherein the adapting comprises switching a Listen Before Talk (LBT) mode from a first detection mechanism having a first backoff threshold to a second detection mechanism having a second backoff threshold that is lower than the first backoff threshold, and
wherein the first detection mechanism corresponds to a Clear Channel Assessment (CCA) Energy Detection (CCA-ED) mechanism and the second detection mechanism corresponds to a CCA Preamble Detection (CCA-PD) mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,667,296

METHOD OF SENDING A MESSAGE AFTER LISTENING TO A COMMUNICATION CHANNEL SHARED BY TERMINALS

SIGFOX, Labege (FR)

1. A method of transmitting, by a terminal of a wireless communication system, a message on a communication channel shared with other terminals, the method comprising:before sending the message, listening without interruption to the communication channel by the terminal until the terminal detects an absence of activity on the communication channel for an inactivity time ?Tin;
wherein a plurality of terminals is multiplexed at least in one of frequency and by different spreading codes on the communication channel;
waiting for a waiting time ?Tat before transmitting the message on the communication channel by the terminal in response to the detection of an absence of activity on the communication channel for the inactivity time ?Tin, the waiting time ?Tat being identical and fixed for all of said plurality of terminals of the wireless communication system to favor simultaneous sending of messages by different terminals; and
interrupting the listening of the communication channel by the terminal in response to a detection of an activity of a duration equal to the inactivity time ?Tin for a maximum listening time ?Tmax, the maximum listening time ?Tmax being greater than the inactivity time ?Tin and greater than a maximum duration of the messages sent by said plurality of terminals of the wireless communication system.

US Pat. No. 10,667,295

METHOD FOR INTERNET OF VEHICLES (IOV) ELECTRIC TRAFFIC SIGN INFORMATION BROADCAST WITH QUALITY OF SERVICE (QOS) GUARANTEED MECHANISM BASED ON CONFLICT DETECTION

1. A method for Internet of Vehicles (IoV) electronic traffic sign information broadcast with Quality of Service (QoS) guaranteed mechanism based on conflict detection, characterized in that the method comprises the following steps:step 1: installing a road-side unit on the road; wherein the road-side unit obtains traffic sign information sent by a traffic manager, and the traffic sign information comprises a plurality of messages;
step 2: organizing the plurality of messages obtained by the road-side unit; each of the organized messages comprises a road-side unit information authentication, a message count, an event type, a priority, an event location, vehicle restriction information, an event content, associated information and a check bit;
step 3: broadcasting the organized plurality of messages by the road-side unit; detailed broadcast processes further comprise the following steps:
step 3.1: prioritizing each of the organized messages with a priority P, and the priority P is given a value of 0, 1, 2 or 3 according to a type of the message; sending the prioritized message by the road-side unit to a logic link control layer of the road-side unit in a communication protocol;
step 3.2: sending a request to a medium access control layer from the logic link control layer of the road-side unit, calculating a corresponding Variable Inter Frame Space (VIFS) for each piece of the prioritized message by the logic link control layer according to the value of priority P;
step 3.3: sending the prioritized message to a physical layer from the medium access control layer according to VIFS calculated for the prioritized message in the step 3.2 using conflict detection and broadcasting the prioritized message, wherein sending the prioritized message comprises:
determining an idle channel;
occupying the idle channel and refraining from sending the prioritized message for a time period of a length equal to the VIFS calculated for the prioritized message;
determining that the channel is still idle after the time period of the length equal to the VIFS calculated for the prioritized message; and
sending, on the idle channel, the prioritized message to the physical layer; and
step 3.4: determining whether a channel is idle; if no, then wait until VIFS, then continue to step 4;
step 4: receiving the broadcasted message from the physical layer by an on-board unit, sending message matched with a vehicle of the on-board unit to the driver in the vehicle,
wherein in the step 4, receiving the broadcasted message from the physical layer by an on-board unit and sending information matched with a vehicle of the on-board unit to the driver in the vehicle comprises the following steps:
step 4.1: after receiving the broadcasted message by the on-board unit, determining whether the broadcasted message is received or processed; if yes, perform the step 3.4; if no, perform step 4.2;
step 4.2: determining whether the broadcasted message is related with other messages; if yes, co-process the broadcasted message and other messages; if no, process the broadcasted message and other messages separately and perform step 4.3;
step 4.3: reading direction information and distance information of an event included in the broadcasted message, reading the vehicle restriction information and processing the event content; determining whether the related message of the broadcasted message is blank, if yes, perform step 4.4; otherwise, save the broadcasted message for the next processing, and return to the step 4.1;
step 4.4: determining whether the check bit of the broadcasted message is correct; if yes, perform step 4.5; otherwise, return to the step 4.1; and
step 4.5: processing the broadcasted message by the on-board unit and sending the processed information through multimedia to the driver in the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,667,294

CARRIER-SENSING TECHNIQUES FOR LTE-BASED TRANSMISSIONS OVER UNLICENSED CARRIERS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An apparatus, comprising:at least one memory; and
logic for user equipment (UE), at least a portion of the logic comprised in circuitry coupled to the at least one memory, the logic to cause the UE to:
receive an uplink (UL) grant indicating a transmit subframe, the transmit subframe to comprise a subframe during which the UE is authorized to perform UL transmission via an unlicensed carrier;
determine whether the UL grant comprises a listen-before-talk (LBT)-contingent UL grant; and
in response to a determination that the UL grant comprises an LBT-contingent UL grant:
identify an LBT interval for the transmit subframe; and perform an LBT procedure during the LBT interval to determine whether the unlicensed carrier is idle, the LBT procedure to comprise performing multiple clear channel assessments (CCAs), wherein the LBT procedure comprises, prior to performing each CCA of the multiple CCAs:
determining whether sufficient time remains before a scheduled start time of the UL transmission; and
in response to a determination that sufficient time does not remain before the scheduled start time of the UL transmission, terminating the LBT procedure without performing the UL transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,667,293

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND PROGRAM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing device comprising:circuitry configured to:
detect first COLOR information of a first packet,
wherein the first COLOR information is set in a specific field of a first physical header subsequent to a preamble identifying a network which the first packet is from, and
in a case that the first packet does not contain the first COLOR information, continue receiving the first packet,
in a case that the first COLOR information identifies a first network to which the information processing device belongs, continue receiving the first packet, and
in a case that the first COLOR information identifies a second network different from the first network to which the information processing device belongs,
stop a reception of the first packet and operate as a carrier sense idle state for a time from start of the detection of the first packet to stop of the reception of the first packet.