US Pat. No. 10,349,480

HYBRID GREEN-ENERGY STREET LIGHT APPARATUS

INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR ENER...

1. A hybrid green-energy street light apparatus, comprising:a bus cable;
a load unit, connected with the bus cable;
a first storage unit, including a first battery body and a first controller, the first battery body having a cutoff voltage defined as a first voltage, the first battery body being connected with the bus cable, the first controller at least keeping a terminal voltage of the first battery body at a second voltage greater than the first voltage;
a second storage unit, including a second battery body, a second controller and a first switch, the second battery body being connected with the bus cable through the first switch; wherein, when the terminal voltage of the first battery body is decreased to the second voltage, the second controller turns the first switch into a closed state, such that the second battery body is electrically coupled with the bus cable; and
a green-energy generator, connected with the bus cable, being to charge the first storage unit and the second storage unit by a green energy.

US Pat. No. 10,343,509

DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING DRIVING FORCE OF HYBRID VEHICLE

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A driving force control device for a hybrid vehicle capable of mode transition between an EV mode in which only an electric motor is used as a traveling drive source and an HEV mode in which the electric motor and an internal combustion engine are used as traveling drive sources, and that has neither a torque converter nor a friction clutch in the drive system, comprising:a driving force control unit configured to control a driving force to a drive wheel in accordance with a required driving force within a range of a maximum outputable driving force of the electric motor in the EV mode or the electric motor and the internal combustion engine in the HEV mode,
the driving force control unit being configured such that, when a mode transition from the EV mode to the HEV mode occurs while a change in a vehicle speed is occurring and the maximum outputable driving force in the EV mode is lower than the required driving force, the driving force control unit limits the driving force transmitted to the drive wheel in the HEV mode in accordance with the maximum outputable driving force in the EV mode at a time of the mode transition and continues the limitation of the driving force for a period of time after the time of the mode transition.

US Pat. No. 10,343,150

PROCESS FOR PREPARING A MESOPORIZED CATALYST, CATALYST THUS OBTAINED AND USE THEREOF IN A CATALYTIC PROCESS

TOTAL RAFFINAGE FRANCE, ...

1. A process for preparing a catalyst comprising a mesoporized zeolite with healed zeolitic structure, including the steps of:A) preparation of a protonic mesoporized zeolite, which contains at least one network of micropores and at least one network of mesopores, and
B) treatment of the protonic mesoporized zeolite obtained in step A) in a gas phase containing a source of ammonia to re-insert extra-framework zeolite Al atoms in octahedral coordination and Al atoms in pentahedral coordination into framework position where Al atoms are in tetrahedral coordination and obtaining a catalyst containing less extra-framework of zeolite Al atoms than the zeolite prepared during step A), thus obtaining a mesoporized zeolite with healed zeolitic structure.

US Pat. No. 10,349,570

COMPONENT MOUNTER

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A component mounter comprising:a component supply device configured to supply a component;
a component pickup device configured to pick up the component;
a moving device configured to move the component pickup device;
a board holding device configured to hold a board on which the component is to be mounted;
a temporary placement surface having a hole at a specified position, the component being temporarily placed at the specified position;
a pressure adjustment device configured to supply at least negative pressure to the hole;
a pressure detecting device configured to detect pressure at the hole; and
a control device configured to control the component pickup device and the moving device such that after the component supplied by the component supply device has been picked up by the component pickup device and before the component is mounted on the board, the component is temporarily placed at the specified position, wherein
the control device, after performing control to temporarily place the component at the specified position, determines whether the component has actually been temporarily placed at the specified position based on the pressure state of the hole with negative pressure being supplied to the hole, and performs processing based on the determination result.

US Pat. No. 10,349,569

COMPONENT MOUNTING DEVICE AND COMPONENT MOUNTING METHOD

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A component mounting method that mounts electronic components on a board, the electronic components including a fitting component to be attached by a mechanical fitting or engagement to a to-be-attached part formed in the board, the component mounting method comprising:a moving and mounting process of holding and taking out the fitting component by a holding unit attached to a moving and mounting head from a component supply part to move and mount the fitting component on the to-be-attached part of the board; and
a pressing process of pressing the fitting component that is moved and mounted on the to-be-attached part by a pressing unit attached to a pressing head to attach the fitting component to the to-be-attached part,
wherein a planar shape of a tip of the pressing unit intended to contact with the fitting component is smaller than a planar shape of a tip of the holding unit intended to contact with the fitting component, and
wherein in the pressing process, the pressing unit presses different positions of an upper surface of the fitting component at different timings, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,349,568

OVERMOLDED ELECTRONIC MODULE WITH AN INTEGRATED ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELD USING SMT SHIELD WALL COMPONENTS

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.,...

1. An overmolded electronic module comprising:a module circuit board;
at least one electronic component mounted on the module circuit board;
a plurality of shield components mounted on the module circuit board, each shield component dimensioned to be at least as high as a top portion of the at least one electronic component, arranged along a periphery of the module circuit board to electromagnetically shield the at least one electronic component, and including a conductive portion being in electrical contact with a surface of the electronic module, at least some of the plurality of shield components having cut surfaces resulting from being cut along a saw street defined by the shield components after being mounted on the circuit board;
an overmold material at least partially encapsulating the at least one electronic component and the plurality of shield components; and
a top conductive shield electrically coupled to exposed conductive portions of the plurality of shield components.

US Pat. No. 10,349,567

EMI SHIELDING DEVICE

DELTA ELECTRONICS (THAILA...

1. An EMI shielding device for mounting on a base, including a plurality of elements that are all identical in shape and size and are arranged in a row, parallel to each other and perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the EMI shielding device, each element comprising a striplike shape terminated at only two ends, with a first end comprising a first tip of the element, and a second end comprising a second tip of the element, wherein two adjacent elements are interconnected, at least one element including a clamping section with a bend, a first clamping segment on one side of the bend and a second clamping segment on another side of the bend for clamping the device onto the base between the two clamping segments, wherein said at least one element includes a snapping member formed by a section of the first clamping segment protruding towards the second clamping segment for latching into a recess of the base and for locking the EMI shielding device on the base at the first tip and wherein at least one element includes a shielding section arranged at an end section of the second clamping segment, wherein the shielding section includes an arcuate section facing away from the snapping member and pointing back to the bend of the clamping section at the second tip.

US Pat. No. 10,349,566

SHIELDING STRUCTURE

WISTRON NEWEB CORP., Hsi...

1. A shielding structure, for being disposed on a circuit board, comprising:a main beam, affixed to the circuit board, wherein the main beam comprises a main beam body and a main beam connection unit formed on the main beam body, and the two ends of the main beam body are free ends;
a branch beam, comprising a branch beam body and a branch beam connection unit formed on the branch beam body, the branch beam connection unit is connected to the main beam connection unit, and a part of the main beam connection unit is located between the branch beam connection unit and the circuit board, and the two ends of the branch beam body are free ends; and
a shielding cover, comprising a cover portion and a surrounding wall bent from the cover portion, wherein the shielding cover covers the main beam and the branch beam, and is connected to the circuit board via the surrounding wall.

US Pat. No. 10,349,565

ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLY ARCHITECTURES USING MULTI-CABLE ASSEMBLIES

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic assembly, comprising:a printed circuit board (PCB) substrate (i) that includes an exterior surface having an electrical contact that is electrically coupled to an electrical trace and (ii) that is formed of electrically insulating material that electrically isolates conductive traces carried therein;
a flex assembly that includes a housing formed of electrically insulating material and that is capable of carrying transmission lines at least one having a contact that is electrically connected thereto;
a first electromagnetic interface (EMI) shield arranged to cover an electrical component and that includes an EMI shield wall that defines, in part, a first EMI shield volume and that is electrically coupled to an electrical ground, wherein: (i) a first portion of the flex assembly is routed along the exterior surface and within the first EMI shield volume and (ii) a second portion of the flex assembly is routed along the exterior surface to the first EMI shield volume and through the EMI shield wall; and
a second electromagnetic interface (EMI) shield arranged to cover an additional electrical component and that includes a first EMI shield wall that defines, in part, a second EMI shield volume and that is electrically coupled to the electrical ground, and wherein the second portion of the flex assembly: (i) enters the second EMI shield volume through the first EMI shield wall, (ii) is routed along the exterior surface and (iii) exits the second EMI shield volume through a second EMI shield wall.

US Pat. No. 10,349,564

SLIDE ACCESS ENCLOSURE

Atlantic Health System, I...

1. An apparatus comprising:a structure having:
a plurality of first sides, the plurality of first sides including a back side coupled to a wall, wherein the plurality of first sides define a volume, wherein the plurality of first sides comprise a first material having electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding properties; and
a second side detachably joined to the plurality of first sides, wherein the second side has a closed position in which the second side is joined to the plurality of first sides and an open position in which the side is detached from the plurality of sides, wherein the second side comprises a second material having EMI shielding properties; and
a movable chassis coupled to the second side, the movable chassis comprising a first compartment holding an electronic device and a second compartment holding an isolation transformer, the movable chassis having a first chassis position in which the chassis is entirely within the volume and a second chassis position in which at least a portion of the chassis is outside the volume, wherein a movement of the chassis between the first chassis position and the second chassis position occurs in a direction parallel to the back side and parallel to the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,349,563

SYSTEM FOR COOLING HYBRID VEHICLE ELECTRONICS, METHOD FOR COOLING HYBRID VEHICLE ELECTRONICS

UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC, C...

1. A single radiator cooling system for use in hybrid electric vehicles, the system comprising:a) a first conduit containing a first portion of subcooled fluid in thermal contact with an internal combustion engine;
b) a second conduit containing a second portion of subcooled fluid, wherein the second conduit is partially defined by a surface, and wherein said surface is in communication with electronics, and wherein said second conduit comprises an interface portion adjacent to the surface and a central portion spaced from the interface portion;
c) subcooled boiling fluid in the interface portion of the second conduit;
d) a third conduit joining the first and second conduits and the first and second portions of subcooled fluid; and
e) a single radiator in contact with the combined first and second portions of subcooled fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,349,562

SEMICONDUCTOR POWER CONVERTER

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A semiconductor power converter comprising:a main circuit board that is installed in a housing and on which a first temperature sensor and a main circuit that converts power supplied from a power source to supply the converted power to a load are disposed;
a control circuit board that is installed apart from the main circuit board in the housing, and on which a second temperature sensor and a control circuit that controls the main circuit are disposed, the second temperature sensor and the first temperature sensor being different sensors;
an internal-air-temperature estimation circuit that estimates an internal air temperature in the semiconductor power converter by using a temperature detected by the first temperature sensor and a temperature detected by the second temperature sensor, and provides at least one piece of information generated based on the estimated internal air temperature; and
a cooling fan installed in the housing,
wherein the internal-air-temperature estimation circuit includes a cooling-fan control-information generation unit that generates control information on the cooling fan, the control information corresponding to a value of the estimated internal air temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,349,561

COOLING ELECTRONIC DEVICES IN A DATA CENTER

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

14. A method for cooling data center electronic devices, comprising:vaporizing at least a portion of a working fluid in an evaporator of a modular heat sink with heat from a heat-generating electronic device in thermal contact with the evaporator;
circulating a vapor phase of the working fluid from the evaporator through respective open ends of a plurality of transport tubes that fluidly couple the evaporator to a condenser of the modular heat sink, the respective open ends positioned in the evaporator;
condensing at least a portion of the vapor phase of the working fluid, in respective closed portions of the plurality of transport tubes that extend into an interior volume of the condenser and from a housing of the condenser such that the plurality of transport tubes are structurally independent from a structure of the condenser, the plurality of transport tubes terminating in closed ends within the interior volume of the condenser, to a liquid phase of the working fluid, the closed ends of the plurality of transport tubes positioned in respective areas of the condenser that comprise distinct thermal areas of the condenser such that the plurality of transport tubes have distinct effective lengths measured from the respective open ends of the portion of the plurality of transport tubes to the respective closed ends of the portion of the plurality of transport tubes; and
circulating the liquid phase of the working fluid to the evaporator through the plurality of transport tubes such that the working fluid inside each of the transport tubes is fluidly decoupled from the working fluid inside the other transport tubes.

US Pat. No. 10,349,560

COOLING MODULE

HEWLETT PACKARD ENTERPRIS...

1. A cooling module configured to replace a fan module of an air-cooled chassis, the cooling module comprising:an enclosure to replace the fan module, wherein the enclosure is configured to be received by a fan module slot of the air-cooled chassis;
a first liquid cooling connector attached to the enclosure to receive liquid from a heat exchanger; and
a second liquid cooling connector attached to the enclosure to provide the liquid to a manifold inside the air-cooled chassis.

US Pat. No. 10,349,559

COOLING FAN ASSEMBLY AND GUIDANCE TRACK FOR INSTALLING AND REMOVING A COOLING FAN

Lenovo Enterprise Solutio...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a first fan having a first fan housing with first and second guidance members extending from opposing sides of the first fan housing, wherein the first fan housing has a depth that is less than a height and width of the first fan housing;
a first handle pivotably coupled to the first fan housing;
first and second guidance tracks positioned on opposing sides of an open channel that extends into a chassis from a first face of a chassis, each of the first and second guidance tracks having a first track portion extending along the open channel in a first direction into the chassis and a second track portion extending along the open channel in a second direction, wherein the first guidance member moves along the first guidance track and the second guidance member moves along the second guidance track, and wherein the first fan housing moves along the first track portions of the first and second guidance tracks in a sideways orientation and reaches an operating orientation in the second track portions of the first and second guidance tracks;
a second fan having a second fan housing with third and fourth guidance members extending from opposing sides of the second fan housing, wherein the second fan housing has a depth that is less than a height and width of the second fan housing;
a second handle pivotably coupled to the second fan housing; and
third and fourth guidance tracks positioned on opposing sides of the open channel, each of the third and fourth guidance tracks having a first track portion extending along the open channel in the first direction into the chassis and a second track portion extending from the first track portions of the third and fourth guidance tracks in a third direction, wherein the third guidance member moves along the third guidance track and the fourth guidance member moves along the fourth guidance track.

US Pat. No. 10,349,558

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING HEAT DISSIPATING DEVICE

Cooler Master (Hui Zhou) ...

1. A method of manufacturing a heat dissipating device comprising:providing a heat dissipating fin and a heat pipe, with the heat dissipating fin comprising a fin body, a through hole and a collar portion, with the through hole formed on the fin body, with the collar portion extending from a periphery of the through hole and having a first surrounding portion and a first U-shaped protruding ear protruding radially from the periphery of the through hole, with two ends of the first surrounding portion respectively connected to two ends of the first U-shaped protruding ear, with the first U-shaped protruding ear having a first opening, with the heat pipe having a heat dissipating end and a heat absorbing end, and with the heat dissipating end opposite to the heat absorbing end;
inserting the heat dissipating end into the through hole and the collar portion;
punching the collar portion to shrink the first opening of the first U-shaped protruding ear; and
fixing the heat dissipating end in a tight-fitting manner by the collar portion.

US Pat. No. 10,349,557

ELECTRONICS RACK WITH COMPLIANT HEAT PIPE

Thermal Corp., Wilmingto...

1. An electronics rack comprising:a frame defining a front and rear;
a first cage adapted to be received in the frame and support a first electronic component, the first cage having a front and a rear, wherein the first cage is movable between a first position and a second position relative to a front of the frame;
a first thermal collector and a second thermal collector each in thermal communication with the first electronic component, the first and second thermal collectors each having an adjustable length, wherein the first electronic component is disposed between the first and second thermal collectors;
a first heat sink positioned at the rear of the frame and in thermal communication with the first electronic component via direct physical contact with the first and second thermal collectors when the first cage is in the first position and is out of thermal communication with the first electronic component and out of direct physical contact with the first and second thermal collectors when the first cage is in the second position, wherein the length of each of the first and second thermal collectors is adjustable independent of movement of the first cage in the electronics rack;
a second cage adapted to support a second electronic component and positioned above the first cage; and
a second heat sink separate from the first heat sink and in thermal communication via direct physical contact with the second cage;
wherein the first thermal collector comprises a heat pipe configured to adjust the length of the first thermal collector, and wherein the heat pipe includes a portion that is non-linear in at least one of the first and second positions and that is compliant to adjust the length of the first thermal collector.

US Pat. No. 10,349,556

COOLING DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING SAME

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A cooling device comprising:a heat receiver configured to transfer heat from a heat generation body to a refrigerant;
a heat radiator that is connected to the heat receiver via a heat radiation path; and
a return path that connects the heat radiator and the heat receiver with each other,
wherein the refrigerant is to circulate in order of the heat receiver, the heat radiation path, the heat radiator, and the return path and cause a gas-liquid two-phase change and cool the heat generation body,
wherein the heat receiver includes:
a heat receiving plate which is in contact with the heat generation body and is configured to absorb the heat, and
a heat receiving cover which covers a surface of the heat receiving plate and defines a heat receiving space,
wherein a check valve that is configured to open in a case where pressure of the return path is larger than pressure in the heat receiving space is between the return path and the heat receiver,
wherein at least one groove is defined in the surface of the heat receiving plate and at least one recessed portion is defined in a bottom surface of the at least one groove, and
wherein a hydrophilic surface treatment film is on the at least one recessed portion.

US Pat. No. 10,349,452

TECHNIQUE FOR PROVIDING QUALITY ENHANCEMENTS TO AN APPLICATION RESIDING ON A USER TERMINAL

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

25. A method of operating a network component in a wireless communication network located between a user terminal and a media server, the network component comprising at least one interface configured to be connected to a user terminal, at least one processor, and memory coupled to the at least one processor, the method comprising:triggering a Virtual Private Network (VPN) service to establish a VPN tunnel between a first VPN tunnel endpoint and a second VPN tunnel endpoint, wherein the first VPN tunnel endpoint resides on the user terminal and the second VPN tunnel endpoint resides on the user terminal;
receiving a quality enhancement requirement received from the user terminal via the VPN tunnel; and
initiate a quality enhancement action by the wireless communication network responsive to the quality enhancement requirement.

US Pat. No. 10,348,968

METHOD FOR PRODUCING CAMERA MODULE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

7. A method for producing a camera module,the camera module including:
an optical section including a plurality of image pickup lenses;
a lens driving device including:
a base;
a lens holder configured to hold the optical section;
a protrusion on an infinite-side of the lens holder,
the protrusion serving as a movable range limiting section configured to limit,
in a direction of an optical axis of the plurality of image pickup lenses,
a movable range for the lens holder on the infinite-distance side and a macro side with respect to the base; and
a protrusion on a macro side of the lens holder,
the protrusion serving as a movable range limiting section configured to limit,
in a direction of an optical axis of the plurality of image pickup lenses,
a movable range for the lens holder on the macro side with respect to the base,
the lens driving device being configured to drive the optical section and the lens holder integrally at least along the optical axis of the plurality of image pickup lenses; and
an image pickup section including an image pickup element,
the image pickup section being disposed on the infinite-distance side of the optical section and the lens driving device,
the method comprising:
a first step of positioning the optical section with respect to the lens holder with use of a dummy sensor cover while sliding the optical section on the lens holder in a state where the lens holder is spaced from base and where the lens holder is at an intermediate position within the movable range which intermediate position is away from a movable range limit position on the infinite-distance side and from a movable range limit position on the macro side; and
a second step of fixing the optical section to the lens holder at a position at which the optical section has been positioned through the first step.

US Pat. No. 10,348,924

LIGHT-RECEIVING UNIT AND IMAGE SENSOR

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A light receiving unit comprising:a sensor board assembly on which a plurality of sensor chips are arrayed in a line in a longitudinal direction of a sensor board and are mounted on the sensor board; and
a sensor plate on which a plurality of the sensor board assemblies are arrayed and mounted in a line in the longitudinal direction;
wherein each sensor chip of the plurality of sensor chips includes a plurality of pixels formed in a line in the longitudinal direction;
at longitudinal ends of the sensor board assembly, sensor chips of the plurality of sensor chips protrude outward of the sensor board in the longitudinal direction from the longitudinal ends of the sensor board;
facing sensor chips of the plurality of sensor chips mounted at the longitudinal ends of the adjacent sensor board assemblies are positioned so that ends of the facing sensor chips are spaced at a predetermined interval;
the sensor board includes convex portions protruding in the longitudinal direction at the longitudinal ends; and
the sensor chips that protrude outward of the sensor board are mounted on the convex portions,
wherein the sensor board assembly is mounted on the sensor plate by aligning a position of the convex portion of the sensor board with a position adjustment portion disposed on the sensor plate.

US Pat. No. 10,348,538

TRANSMITTER PERFORMING AN EQUALIZING OPERATION

SK hynix Inc., Icheon-si...

1. A transmitter comprising:a driver comprising a PMOS transistor and an NMOS transistor connected in series between a first power supply and a second power supply, the driver configured to output an output signal; and
a driver control circuit configured to control a gate voltage of the PMOS transistor and a gate voltage of the NMOS transistor based on a level of a data signal, an occurrence of a level transition of the data signal, and a direction of the level transition of the data signal,
wherein the driver control circuit comprises:
a first controller configured to control the gate voltage of the PMOS transistor when the data signal is at a high level;
a second controller configured to control the gate voltage of the NMOS transistor when the data signal is at a low level less than the high level;
a first equalization controller configured to control the gate voltage of the PMOS transistor when the data signal transitions from the low level to the high level; and
a second equalization controller configured to control the gate voltage of the NMOS transistor when the data signal transitions from the high level to the low level.

US Pat. No. 10,347,711

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

SK hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A method for fabricating a capacitor, the method comprising:forming a bottom electrode;
forming a dielectric layer on the bottom electrode;
forming a metal oxide layer including a metal having a high electronegativity on the dielectric layer;
forming a sacrificial layer on the metal oxide layer to reduce the metal oxide layer to a metal layer; and
forming a top electrode on the sacrificial layer to convert the reduced metal layer into a high work function interface layer.

US Pat. No. 10,346,811

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR RESPONDING TO A BROKEN CIRCUIT

STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMOB...

1. A computer-implemented method of repairing damage to a property populated with a plurality of devices, including a circuit monitoring device, associated with the property, the method comprising:determining, by one or more processors of a home controller disposed on the property, that the circuit monitoring device cut off a flow of electricity through a monitored circuit;
responsive to the determination, transmitting, from the home controller via a first wired or wireless communication network to the circuit monitoring device, an instruction to re-close the monitored circuit, wherein the instruction is formatted such that the circuit monitoring device re-closes the monitored circuit upon receipt of the instruction;
subsequent to transmitting the instruction, determining, by the one or more processors, that the circuit monitoring device cut off the flow of electricity through the monitored circuit within a threshold amount of time since the first determination;
responsive to the second determination, generating, by the one or more processors, a repair request, the repair request indicating a need to repair an electrical condition associated with the monitored circuit; and
communicating, to a repair service provider via a second wired or wireless communication network, the repair request, wherein communicating the repair request causes a repair event to be scheduled.

US Pat. No. 10,346,294

COMPARING SOFTWARE PROJECTS HAVING BEEN ANALYZED USING DIFFERENT CRITERIA

Semmle Limited, Oxford (...

1. A computer-implemented method for ranking software projects according to a violation metric computed over violations identified by respective static analysis processes using different sets of violation rules over different respective time periods without reanalyzing the software projects, the method comprising:performing a first static analysis process on a first software project during a first time period, including:
performing a first build process for the first software project and extracting source code of the first software project by intercepting calls to compilers invoked during the first build process, and
using a first set of violation rules to identify violations occurring in extracted source code belonging to respective snapshots of the first software project;
storing first static analysis result data representing the violations identified in the respective snapshots of the first software project by the first static analysis process;
receiving one or more updated violation rules and adding the one or more updated violation rules to the first set of violation rules to generate an updated set of violation rules;
performing a second static analysis process on a different second software project during a second time period subsequent to the first time period, including:
performing a second build process for the second software project and extracting source code of the second software project by intercepting calls to compilers invoked during the second build process, and
using the updated set of violation rules to identify violations occurring in extracted source code belonging to respective snapshots of the second software project;
storing second static analysis result data representing the violations identified in the respective snapshots of the second software project by the second static analysis process;
during a third time period subsequent to the second time period, ranking a plurality of software projects including the first software project and the second software project using respective static analysis result data previously generated for each software project including using the first static analysis result data for the first software project and the second static analysis result data for the second software project without reanalyzing any of the plurality of software projects, including:
receiving a request that identifies the plurality of software projects to be ranked according to a violation metric that is representative of the respective prevalence of violations occurring in each software project, wherein each software project of the plurality of software projects is a software project for which respective violations were previously identified by a static analysis process according to a respective set of violation rules;
receiving respective static analysis result data generated before the request was received, the static analysis result data representing respective violations identified as occurring in each of the plurality of software projects by the static analysis process using a respective violation rule to identify violations of a particular type among a plurality of different types of violations;
obtaining, for each software project of the plurality of software projects, a respective set of violation rules that the static analysis process used to identify violations occurring in the software project;
computing a set of overlapping violation rules for the plurality of software projects identified by the request, the set of overlapping violation rules comprising one or more violation rules that the static analysis process evaluated against each software project of the plurality of software projects identified by the request;
classifying each violation occurring in the plurality of software projects as being either (i) a violation that was identified by the static analysis process by evaluating a nonoverlapping violation rule that does not occur in the set of overlapping violation rules, or (ii) a violation that was identified by the static analysis process by evaluating an overlapping violation rule that occurs in the set of overlapping violation rules;
computing, for each software project of the plurality of software projects, a respective updated value of the violation metric by using only violations classified as being identified by overlapping violation rules for the plurality of software projects identified by the request; and
ranking the plurality of software projects according to the respective updated values of the violation metric computed using only violations identified by overlapping violation rules.

US Pat. No. 10,346,037

DISABLING A TOUCH SENSING DEVICE OF A HANDHELD ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A handheld electronic device, comprising:a first touch sensing device located in a first region of the handheld electronic device;
a second touch sensing device located in a second different region on the handheld electronic device;
a processor; and
instructions executable on the processor to:
automatically disable the second touch sensing device in response to a request for a virtual keyboard input at the handheld electronic device that is without a physical keyboard, the request for the virtual keyboard input responsive to a user interacting with an application of the handheld electronic device, and
display a virtual keyboard on the first touch sensing device in response to the request for the virtual keyboard input responsive to the user interacting with the application of the handheld electronic device, while the second touch sensing device is disabled.

US Pat. No. 10,345,525

CANTILEVERS WITH ONE- OR TWO-DIMENSIONAL ACTUATION FOR ON-CHIP ACTIVE WAVEGUIDE COUPLING ALIGNMENT

Acacia Communications, In...

1. A photonic integrated circuit comprising:a substrate;
a cantilever having a proximal end connected to the substrate and a free end separated from the substrate by a recess; and
a first optical waveguide disposed, at least partially, within the cantilever;
wherein the cantilever comprises a cantilever biasing element configured to spatially bias the free end of the cantilever, wherein the free end of the cantilever is secured to an optical device with a material distinct from the cantilever and disposed between the first optical waveguide and a second optical waveguide of the optical device.

US Pat. No. 10,345,272

AUTOMATED CALIBRATION OF NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING EQUIPMENT

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method for non-destructive testing of an area of a test object containing a target position using a non-destructive testing instrument, comprising:storing three-dimensional model data in a computer-readable memory representing a three-dimensional model of a test object to be inspected, the three dimensional model being located in a test object coordinate system of the target object;
displaying an image depicting a three-dimensional model of at least a portion of the test object as a graphical user interface on the display screen;
manually selecting a target position on a surface of the target object using the graphical user interface;
determining a first set of coordinates in the test object coordinate system of the test object, the first coordinates representing the selected target position on the surface of the test object;
retrieving three-dimensional model data representing a three-dimensional structure of the test object in an area containing the target position from the computer-readable memory based on the first set of coordinates;
generating a calibration file containing calibration parameter data which is a function of the retrieved three-dimensional model data;
storing the calibration file in a memory of the non-destructive testing instrument;
calibrating the non-destructive testing instrument using the calibration parameter data in the calibration file;
using the calibrated non-destructive testing instrument to generate outgoing pulses that propagate toward the target position;
using the calibrated non-destructive testing instrument to detect return pulses that propagate from the target position to the calibrated non-destructive testing instrument;
using the calibrated non-destructive testing instrument to determine whether the detected return pulses are indicative of a presence of a structural anomaly or not at the target position; and
activating a first visual indicator on the calibrated non-destructive testing instrument to indicate the presence of a structural anomaly at the target position if a determination is made that the detected return pulses indicate the presence of a structural anomaly or activating a second visual indicator on the calibrated non-destructive testing instrument to indicate the absence of a structural anomaly at the target position if a determination is made that the detected return pulses indicate the absence of a structural anomaly.

US Pat. No. 10,345,270

MEASUREMENT-BASED, IN-SERVICE METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE TIME TO THE NEXT INTERNAL INSPECTION OF AN AST

Vista Precision Solutions...

1. A method for determining the time to the next out-of-service internal inspection of a storage tank, TNI, from the time of application of this method, comprising the steps of:(a) performing and passing a leak detection integrity test;
(b) measuring the thickness of the tank bottom in at least one location of the tank;
(c) generating a survival probability distribution of the tank bottom for the tank of interest;
(d) generating a Bayesian update of said survival probability distribution for said tank of interest; and
(e) calculating TNI using said survival probability distribution and said Bayesian update of said survival probability distribution.

US Pat. No. 10,344,501

ELECTRONIC DEADBOLT LOCK

PAMEX INC., Chino, CA (U...

1. An electronic deadbolt lock, comprising:a housing;
an electronic recognition device disposed on the housing;
a turnpiece pivotally mounted on the housing and connected to a deadbolt;
a key operating mechanism disposed on the housing and connected to the deadbolt, wherein the deadbolt moves as a result of rotation of one of the turnpiece and the key operating mechanism; and
a braking mechanism controlled by the electronic recognition device,
wherein the braking mechanism normally applies a brake to the turnpiece to prevent the turnpiece from being rotated, and it is only when a user passes verification by the electronic recognition device that the turnpiece can be rotated by the user;
wherein the turnpiece comprises:
a rotating body connected to the deadbolt; and
a rotating cover connecting with and covering the rotating body, wherein the rotating cover and the rotating body either rotate synchronously or do not rotate synchronously;
wherein the key operating mechanism is disposed in the turnpiece, and both the rotating body and the rotating cover rotate relative to the key operating mechanism.
US Pat. No. 10,344,245

LUBRICATING OIL COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING A BIODIESEL FUEL AND A DISPERSANT

Chevron Oronite Technolog...

1. A lubricating oil composition contaminated with at least about 0.3 wt % of a biodiesel fuel or a decomposition product thereof, based on the total weight of the lubricating oil composition, comprising a major amount of base oil of lubricating viscosity; and a polysuccinimide dispersant, said dispersant prepared by the process which comprises reacting(A) at least one of the following copolymers:
(i) a copolymer obtained by free radical copolymerization of components comprising:
(a) at least one monoethylenically unsaturated C3-C28 monocarboxylic acid or ester thereof, or C4-C28 dicarboxylic acid, anhydride or ester thereof;
(b) at least one 1-olefin comprising about 2 to 40 carbon atoms or at least one polyolefin comprising about 4 to 360 carbon atoms and having a terminal copolymerizable group in the form of a vinyl, vinylidene or alkyl vinylidene group or mixtures thereof; and
(c) at least one monoolefin compound which is copolymerizable with the monomers of (a) and (b) and is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) an alkyl vinyl ether and an allyl alkyl ether where the alkyl group is hydroxyl, amino, dialkylamino or alkoxy substituted or is unsubstituted, and containing 1 to 40 carbon atoms;
(2) an alkyl amine and an N-alkylamide of a monoethylenically unsaturated mono- or dicarboxylic acid of 3 to 10 carbon atoms wherein the alkyl substituent contains 1 to 40 carbon atoms;
(3) a N-vinylcarboxamide of carboxylic acids of 1 to 8 carbon atoms;
(4) a N-vinyl substituted nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound; and
(5) at least one 1-olefin comprising about 2 to 40 carbon atoms or at least one polyolefin comprising about 4 to about 360 carbon atoms and having a terminal copolymerizable group in the form of a vinyl, vinylidene or alkyl vinylidene group or mixtures thereof, provided that the olefin employed is not the same as the olefin employed in (i)(b);
(ii) a copolymer obtained by reacting compound (i)(a) and compound (i)(b) in the presence of a free radical initiator;
(iii) a copolymer obtained by (a) reacting compound (i)(a) with compound (i)(b) or (i)(c) in a non-free radical catalyzed reaction in the presence of copolymer (i) or copolymer (ii) or both; or by (b) contacting copolymer (i) or copolymer (ii) or both with the non-free radical catalyzed reaction product of compound (i)(a) and compound (i)(b) or (i)(c); with
(B) at least one ether compound selected from the group consisting of an ether polyamine, a polyether polyamine, a polyether amino alcohol, a polyether amino thiol, and a polyether polyol; and
(C) at least one aromatic amine; andwherein the amount of said dispersant present in the lubricating oil composition is at least about 2 wt. % actives, based on the total weight of the lubricating oil composition.

US Pat. No. 10,349,555

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR OIL IMMERSION COOLING

CGG SERVICES SAS, Massy ...

1. A system for immersion cooling computing system equipment, the system comprising: a container; a volume of cooling liquid disposed in the container; a computing system equipment holder disposed in the volume of cooling liquid; a server chassis attached to and supported by the computing system equipment holder, the server chassis being disposed vertically in the volume of cooling liquid; a liquid-liquid heat exchanger being disposed in the server chassis; and the liquid-liquid heat exchanger attached to and supported by the computing system equipment holder, the liquid-liquid heat exchanger being disposed in the volume of cooling liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,349,554

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR DIRECTING AIR IN A STORAGE-SYSTEM CHASSIS

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A cold-air bypass apparatus comprising:one or more mounting surfaces configured to couple the cold-air bypass apparatus to a drive-plane board configured to be housed within a storage-system chassis, wherein:
the storage-system chassis comprises a front through which air is able to pass, a left side through which substantially no air is able to pass, a right side through which substantially no air is able to pass, and a rear through which air is able to pass;
a fan directs an airflow rearward through the chassis, the airflow comprising a first portion and a second portion; and
the drive-plane board comprises:
a front drive section located on a top side of the drive-plane board, the front drive section comprising a first plurality of storage-drive connectors coupled to the drive-plane board;
a rear drive section located on the top of the drive-plane board, the rear drive section comprising a second plurality of storage-drive connectors coupled to the drive-plane board, wherein:
the first portion of the airflow cools the front drive section and the rear drive section; and
the second portion of the airflow substantially avoids cooling the front drive section by passing under the drive-plane board; and
an opening located between the front drive section and the rear drive section that allows air to flow from below the drive-plane board to above the drive-plane board; and
a baffle configured to combine the second portion of the airflow with the first portion of the airflow by directing the second portion of the airflow through the opening from below the drive-plane board to above the drive-plane board so that the second portion of the airflow and the first portion of the airflow combine to cool the rear drive section.

US Pat. No. 10,349,553

ADJUSTABLE RACK FOR ELECTRONICS CABINET

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A rack for an equipment cabinet, comprising:a plurality of rack sections adapted for mounting on an equipment cabinet, each of the rack sections including a vertical panel, a lower horizontal panel extending from a lower edge of the vertical panel, and an upper horizontal panel extending from an upper edge of the vertical panel, the rack sections being vertically stacked;
wherein the rack sections are arranged so that at least one vertical panel is horizontally offset from at least one other vertical panel.

US Pat. No. 10,349,552

SUPPORTING INPUT/OUTPUT (I/O) CONNECTIVITY FOR A PRINTED CIRCUIT ASSEMBLY (PCA) IN A HOT AISLE CABLING OR A COLD AISLE CABLING ARRANGEMENT

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A system for supporting input/output (I/O) connectivity for a printed circuit assembly (PCA) in an adjustable I/O connectivity arrangement, the system comprising:a chassis, the chassis being connected to a data center rack; and
a printed circuit assembly (PCA) slidably connected to the chassis via a tray;
in which the PCA comprises a number of bill of material (BOM) options to customize the PCA to accommodate I/O connectivity in accordance with first and second I/O connectivity arrangements; and
in which the PCA is physically shifted on the chassis to accommodate either one of the first and second I/O connectivity arrangements.

US Pat. No. 10,349,551

DEVICE DRAWER ASSEMBLY WITH CABLE PASS-THRU MODULE

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A device drawer assembly, comprising:a chassis having a front opening and a rear wall opposite the front opening mountable to a component rack;
a drawer disposed in and moveable relative to the chassis;
a cable support arm coupled to the rear wall at a first arm end portion and coupled to the drawer at a second arm end portion; and
a pass-thru module attached to the chassis adjacent the front opening and positioned between the drawer and the chassis, the pass-thru module including:
one or more drawer connectors to connect to one or more drawer cables;
one or more system connectors to connect to one or more system cables, the one or more system connectors being positioned proximate the front opening of the chassis;
a re-timer circuit operative to boost signals traveling on at least one of the one or more drawer cables or at least one of the one or more system cables; and
a printed circuit board upon which the re-timer circuit is disposed; and
wherein the one or more drawer cables are positioned between the drawer and the chassis and extend along the cable support arm to terminate proximate a rear portion of the drawer for connection to one or more devices contained in the drawer.

US Pat. No. 10,349,550

GUIDERAIL FOR A CABINET, CHASSIS AND CABINET

EMC IP Holding Company LL...

1. A guiderail (1) for use in a cabinet (100), the guiderail (1) being constructed and arranged to mount in the cabinet (100) and to support a chassis (2) which can accommodate storage processing units (3) with different dimensions, the guiderail (1) comprising:a main body part (10) for supporting the chassis (2) when the chassis (2) is inserted in the cabinet (100) along the guiderail (1); and
an extended part (20) for fixing the storage processing units (3) extending from the chassis (2), wherein the extended part extends beyond the main body part.

US Pat. No. 10,349,549

ELECTRICALLY SHIELDED DIRECT CURRENT LINK BUSBAR

General Electric Company,...

1. A shielded direct current link (“DC link”) busbar comprising:a central planar element comprising a first surface and a second surface, said first surface axially opposed to said second surface;
a first conductive lamina disposed over said first surface; and
a second conductive lamina disposed over said second surface, wherein said first conductive lamina and said second conductive lamina are electrically coupled, wherein said central planar element comprises a first insulative layer, a first conductive layer coupled to said first insulative layer, a second insulative layer coupled to said first conductive layer, a second conductive layer coupled to said second insulative layer, and a third insulative layer coupled to said second conductive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,349,548

CASING AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING THE SAME

GETAC TECHNOLOGY CORPORAT...

1. A casing, comprising:a housing, comprising two first sides opposite each other and two second sides opposite each other, the housing further comprising two bent edges opposite each other and an elastic piece, the two bent edges respectively located at the two first sides, the elastic piece located at one of the two second sides, each of the bent edges comprising an opening portion, the elastic piece comprising a first coupling portion; and
a plate, comprising two hook portions and a second coupling portion, the two hook portions respectively protruding from the plate and respectively provided correspondingly to the two opening portions of the two bent edges, the second coupling portion provided correspondingly to the first coupling portion;
wherein, when the two hook portions respectively pass in a first direction through the two opening portions, the two bent edges come into contact with the plate and respectively enter in a second direction a space between the hook portions and the plate, the first coupling portion comes into contact along the second direction with the second coupling portion and is coupled with the second coupling portion, the two hook portions limit a movement of the housing in the first direction, and the second coupling portion limits the movement of the housing in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,349,547

QUICK RELEASE CHASSIS COVER

ARRIS Enterprises LLC, S...

1. A chassis cover, comprising:a cover member having a first edge and a second edge;
at least one latch member comprising:
a cantilever arm extending distally outward from an interior of the cover member beyond the first edge by a first distance, the cantilever arm terminating at a loop;
a latch arm extending distally inward from the loop a second distance, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance; and
a latching tab extending distally from an end of the latch arm;
wherein the cantilever arm defines a dovetail protuberance extending distally from the cantilever arm toward the latching tab to a nadir.

US Pat. No. 10,349,546

DRIVE CIRCUIT UNIT

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A drive circuit unit comprising:a drive circuit configured to convert or adjust electric power from a power source and supply the converted or adjusted electric power to a motor, wherein the drive circuit comprises a plurality of terminals;
a case in which the drive circuit is accommodated, the case having a case wall section in which a plurality of through holes are formed;
a plurality seal members, wherein a seal member of the plurality of seal members is configured to seal a through hole of the plurality of through holes; and
a cover configured to arranged across, on a more outer side of the case wall than the seal member, the plurality of seal members in an insertion direction of the seal members;
wherein each of the seal members of the plurality of seal members includes a first contact part configured to make contact with respect to an inner surface of the case wall section, the inner surface defining the plurality of through holes; and
in a state in which the seal member of the plurality of seal members is arranged inside the respective through hole of the plurality of through holes, a first distance in the insertion direction from an outside end portion of the inner surface to the first contact part is longer than a second distance in the insertion direction between an outside surface of the seal member of the plurality of seal members and the cover.

US Pat. No. 10,349,545

CIRCUIT UNIT

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A circuit unit, comprising:a circuit body (11) including a resin portion (12) covering a circuit, a first terminal (15) projecting from a first edge of the resin portion (12) and a second terminal (16) projecting from a second edge of the resin portion (12);
a fixing member (20, 71, 91, 96, 97) made of metal and configured to fix the circuit body to a base member by being mounted on the base member while being held in contact with the resin portion (12), the fixing member (20, 71, 91, 96, 97) including a heat dissipating portion (21) held in close contact with the resin portion (12) of the body (11) and fastening portions (23) coupled to the heat dissipating portion (21) and fastened to the base member (BM); and
a cover (30) covering the circuit body (11) and the fixing member (20, 71, 91, 96, 97) and fastened to the base member (BM), the cover (30) including receptacles (35, 36) to be fit to mating connectors while covering the first and second terminals (15, 16) and a body (31) having a lower surface arranged to face the fixing member (21), an opening (33) penetrating through the body (31) at a position corresponding to the heat dissipating portion (21), a frame (32) projecting from the body (31) and circumferentially surrounding the opening (33), and a recess (31A) formed in a lower surface of the frame (32) into which the fixing member (21) is secured.

US Pat. No. 10,349,544

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An electronic device comprising: a first unit having a display; and a second unit having an input part, the electronic device being constructed such that the first unit and the second unit are detachable, wherein the second unit includes: an input unit having a principal surface on which the input part is disposed; a socket capable of housing a first predetermined side of the first unit; and at least one hinge that couples a predetermined side of the input unit to a predetermined side of the socket such that the input unit and the socket are relatively rotatable, wherein the principal surface of the input unit and a principal surface of the socket are substantially parallel to each other by relatively rotating the input unit and the socket, the first unit has a principal surface on which the display is disposed, the principal surface of the first unit and the principal surface of the input unit are substantially parallel to each other by relatively rotating the input unit and the socket in a state in which the predetermined side of the first unit is housed in the socket, at least one socket side fitting part, which constitutes one shape of a first recess and a first projection, is formed on the principal surface of the socket near the hinge, at least one input unit side fitting part, which constitutes another shape of the first recess and the first projection, is formed on the principal surface of the input unit so as to fit to the socket side fitting part of the socket in a state in which the principal surface of the input unit and the principal surface of the socket are substantially parallel to each other, a first unit side fitting part, which constitutes one shape of a second recess and a second projection, is formed on the principal surface of the first unit near a second predetermined side of the first unit parallel to the first predetermined side of the first unit, and a second input unit side fitting part, which constitutes another shape of the second recess and the second projection, is formed on the principal surface of the input unit so as to fit to the first unit side fitting part of the first unit in a state in which the principal surface of the first unit and the principal surface of the input unit are substantially parallel to each other, wherein the second predetermined side of the first unit and the first predetermined side of the first unit are located on opposite sides of the principal surface of the first unit relative to the display.

US Pat. No. 10,349,543

LAYERED ASSEMBLIES

Vibrant Composites Inc., ...

1. A PC MEMS clamped joint comprising:first and second members, each of said first and second members including a respective layer of substantially rigid material and having respective first and second substantially planar surface regions, said first and second surface regions being disposed facing one another in substantially parallel spaced relation to define a first spatial region therebetween, said first and second members having respective third and fourth substantially parallel surface regions, said third and fourth surface regions being disposed facing one another in substantially parallel spaced relation to define a second spatial region therebetween, said first and second members having respective first and second terminal end surface regions;
a third member disposed between said first and second members, said third member including a layer of generally flexible material, said third member being disposed within both said first and second spatial regions, said third member having a fifth surface region disposed in substantially parallel spaced relation to said first surface region and a sixth surface region disposed in substantially parallel spaced relation to said second surface region, said third member having a seventh surface region disposed in close proximity to said third surface region and an eighth surface region disposed in close proximity to said fourth surface region, an adhesive material disposed between said first and fifth surface regions and between said second and sixth surface regions, wherein said third member extends outwardly of said first and second terminal end surface regions, and wherein a distance between said first surface region and said fifth surface region is substantially larger than a distance between said third surface region and said seventh surface region.

US Pat. No. 10,349,542

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A SOLID STATE DRIVE (SSD) ENCLOSURE

QUANTA COMPUTER INC., Ta...

1. A computing device, comprising:an electronic component; and
a latch assembly for securing the electronic component,
the latch assembly comprising:
a latch comprising a first structural member, a second structural member, two linking elements interconnecting the first structural member and the second structural member, and a first securing element located at the first structural member,
a base comprising a receiving space for receiving the latch, a second securing element, and a plurality of protruding elements;
wherein the first securing element of the first structural member configured to secure the first structural member to the second securing element of the base, and the second securing element corresponding with the first securing element,
a cover secured to the base at the plurality of protruding elements,
wherein the electronic component is secured between the first securing element and the second securing element,
wherein the two linking elements are configured to deform along a central line during assembling of the latch within the base, and the cover secured to the base contacts the two linking elements are configured to deform at a location where the two linking elements deform to lock the latch in place.

US Pat. No. 10,349,541

DEVICE FOR THE TOOL-FREE MOUNTING OF MODULES ON A TOP-HAT RAIL AND FOR THE DESTRUCTION-FREE, TOOL-FREE UNMOUNTING OF THE SAME

1. A device for tool-free mounting of modules on a top-hat rail and for damage-free, tool-free unmounting of the modules from the top-hat rail, said device comprising:a double leg spring having a first leg coil spring and a second leg coil spring arranged coaxially about a common spring axis;
wherein, at a first end of the double leg spring, a spring end of the first leg coil spring forms a first spring leg and a spring end of the second leg coil spring forms a second spring leg;
the first spring leg and the second spring leg are dimensioned identically to each other and each of the first spring leg and the second spring leg forms a hook bent in a direction of an opposite, second end of the double leg spring;
the double leg spring has a common intermediate leg at the second end, which forms a hook bent in a direction of the first end;
the first and second hooks of the first spring leg and the second spring leg at the first end of the double leg spring and the hook formed by the intermediate leg at the second end of the double leg spring protrude out of a plane on a same side of the double leg spring, formed by straight parts of the double leg spring located between the first leg coil spring and the second leg coil spring and the common intermediate leg;
the first leg coil spring and the second leg coil spring protrude out of the plane at an opposite side, and the first leg coil spring and the second leg coil spring are configured such that the first and second hooks of the first spring leg and the second spring leg at the first end of the double leg spring and the hook formed by the intermediate leg at the second end of the double leg spring can be pulled apart against a force of the first leg coil spring and the second leg coil spring.

US Pat. No. 10,349,540

MECHATRONIC COMPONENT AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF

CPT Zwei GmbH, Hannover ...

1. A mechatronic assembly of a gear control arrangement, the mechatronic assembly comprising:a supporting circuit board having at least one populated flat side;
an electric circuit arrangement positioned on the at least one populated flat side, the electric circuit arrangement comprising an electronic assembly;
a first mechanical insert part arranged on the at least one populated flat side, the first mechanical insert part designed as a hybrid injection-molded part and comprising a metallic carrier for making electrical contact and mechanically securing a first sensor on the supporting circuit board;
a second mechanical insert part designed as a bus bar connecting, mechanically and in an electrically conductive manner, a second sensor to the supporting circuit board; and
one-piece encapsulation comprising a curable encapsulation material, the one-piece encapsulation surrounding in a form-fitting and cohesive manner, all of the components arranged on the populated flat side of the supporting circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,349,539

VEHICLE ELECTRICAL CENTER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

APTIV TECHNOLOGIES LIMITE...

1. An electrical center configured to distribute electrical power to an electrical system of a vehicle, said electrical center comprising:a printed circuit board structure having a first printed circuit board (PCB) section angularly arranged with respect to a second PCB section and having a flexible connection element integrally formed with the first and second PCB sections and forming a printed circuit extending from the first PCB section to the second PCB section;
a first plurality of electrical terminals extending perpendicularly from a first major surface of the first PCB section;
a second plurality of electrical terminals extending perpendicularly from a second major surface of the second PCB section;
a housing in which the printed circuit board structure is disposed, wherein the first major surface is angularly arranged at about a ninety degree angle relative to the second major surface; and
a shroud configured to receive the electrical connector, wherein the shroud defines a plurality of apertures in which the second plurality of electrical terminals are received and through which the second plurality of electrical terminals extend and wherein the housing defines a pair of opposed parallel grooves in which opposed edges of the shroud are received.

US Pat. No. 10,349,538

FIXING STRUCTURE AND NECK STRAP HAVING THE SAME

Merry Electronics(Shenzhe...

1. A fixing structure of a neck strap, comprising:a housing having an inner space, wherein a positioning element is disposed in the inner space of the housing;
a through groove formed in the inner space;
wherein the through groove is formed between the positioning element and the housing for at least one flexible circuit board to penetrate through, and the positioning element has a perforation for a supporting element to penetrate through, and the supporting element is suspended inside the housing so that the supporting element is spaced apart from the at least one flexible circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,349,537

ELECTRICAL UNIT

Lear Corporation, Southf...

1. An electrical unit, comprising:a housing member;
a cover configured to at least partially cover the housing member;
a primary circuit board fixed with the housing member, the primary circuit board including a plurality of connection sections and a primary controller; and
two or more secondary circuit boards, each secondary circuit board including electrical components configured to perform a respective vehicle function of a plurality of vehicle functions, wherein the electrical components of each secondary circuit board include a respective secondary controller;
wherein each secondary circuit board is connected to a respective connection section of the plurality of connection sections via a respective interconnection header;
wherein each secondary circuit board includes a main surface and a connector header extending in a perpendicular direction from the main surface such that the connector header is configured to connect to a respective connector portion of the cover in the perpendicular direction;
wherein the primary controller is configured to control, at least in part, operation of each secondary controller.

US Pat. No. 10,349,536

WALL-MOUNTED DEVICE

HAN CHUANG INTERNATIONAL ...

1. A wall-mounted device comprising:a base, provided in a wall, provided with a concave part having a central longitudinal region defined to extend around a central longitudinal line of the concave part, and a peripheral longitudinal region defined to extend next to the central longitudinal region and spaced away from the central longitudinal line of the concave part, the concave part being disposed with an interior live wire circuit extending along and disposed in the central longitudinal region of the concave part and an exterior live wire circuit extending along and disposed in the peripheral longitudinal region of the concave part, wherein the exterior live wire circuit and a live wire provided in the wall are connected in series, and a switch disposed in the concave part is provided between the interior live wire circuit and the exterior live wire circuit to control a state of current transmitting of the interior live wire circuit via the switch; and
a cover plate, combined on the base, provided with at least one module circuit board in the cover plate, and a power terminal of at least one module circuit board being electrically connected to the exterior live wire circuit of the base to supply power to at least one module circuit board;
wherein the concave part of the base is further disposed with a neutral wire circuit, and the neutral wire circuit and a neutral wire provided in the wall are connected in series, and the neutral wire circuit is connected with at least one elastic sheet, and is further combined with a metal sheet, one side of the metal sheet is connected to the at least one module circuit board of the cover plate;
wherein the concave part of the base is further disposed with an earth wire circuit, and the earth wire circuit is further combined with a negative terminal metal sheet, one side of the negative terminal metal sheet is electrically connected with the at least one module circuit board of the cover plate.

US Pat. No. 10,349,535

DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a curved display module comprising a signal receiver which receives an image signal from an outside source, an image display part comprising an exit surface and rear surface, the image display part which displays an image corresponding to the image signal on the exit surface, and
a stand comprising a signal transmitter which transmits the image signal and a coupling part in which a curved groove is defined,
wherein the curved display module is rigid,
wherein the curved display module has a concave shape when a user is facing the exit surface and when viewed in an exit rear surface direction from the exit surface to the rear surface,
wherein a curved portion of the curved display module is accommodated in the curved groove, the curved groove is curved along a direction which the curved portion of the curved display module is extended in,
wherein the curved groove has a varying curvature radius which corresponds to a curvature radius of the curved display module,
wherein the stand changes the curvature radius of the curved groove by changing a shape thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,349,534

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel configured to display an image;
a case forming an outer surface of the display apparatus; and
a bottom chassis forming a rear side of the display panel inside the case,
wherein the bottom chassis is formed with a stacked panel having a stacked structure, the stacked structure including:
a plastic core,
first and second planar materials respectively disposed on the opposite sides of the plastic core, and
an adhesive or an adhesive film on the opposite sides of the plastic core for attaching the first and second planar materials.

US Pat. No. 10,349,533

MULTILAYER CIRCUIT BOARD AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

HongQiSheng Precision Ele...

1. A multilayer circuit board comprising:an inner circuit board comprising at least one first mounting region and at least one second mounting region;
at least one outer circuit board formed on the inner circuit board;
a solder mask; and
a tin layer formed on a surface of the inner circuit board connecting the at least one outer circuit board except the at least one first mounting region;
wherein the at least one outer circuit board comprises at least one first opening and at least one second opening; the at least one first mounting region is exposed from the at least one first opening, a portion of the tin layer covering the at least one second mounting region is exposed from the at least one second opening; the inner circuit board, the tin layer, and the at least one outer circuit board together form a middle structure; the solder mask covers the middle structure except the at least one first mounting region and the portion of the tin layer covering the at least one second mounting region; a treatment layer is formed on the at least one first mounting region.

US Pat. No. 10,349,532

METHOD FOR IMPLEMENTING STUB-LESS PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD VIAS

International Business Ma...

1. A method for implementing stub-less printed circuit board (PCB) vias and custom interconnect comprising:providing a printed circuit board (PCB); said printed circuit board (PCB) having a core layer formed of laser-excited conductive track nuclei and at least one signal trace on a signal layer;
forming a stub-less PCB via extending within the printed circuit board (PCB) to terminate at one desired signal layer through laser-excitation; and
forming a resistor vertically and a resistor horizontally in the printed circuit board (PCB).

US Pat. No. 10,349,531

CARRIER-ATTACHED COPPER FOIL, LAMINATE, LAMINATE PRODUCING METHOD, PRINTED WIRING BOARD PRODUCING METHOD, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE PRODUCING METHOD

1. A carrier-attached copper foil comprising an interlayer and an ultrathin copper layer that are provided in this order on one or both surfaces of a carrier,wherein the surface roughness Sz and the surface roughness Sa on the interlayer side of the ultrathin copper layer satisfy Sz?3.6 ?m, and Sz/Sa?14.00 as measured with a laser microscope in case of detaching the carrier from the carrier-attached copper foil according to JIS C 6471:1995 after the carrier-attached copper foil is laminated to an insulating substrate from the ultrathin copper layer side under a pressure of 20 kgf/cm2 and heated at 220° C. for 2 hours, and
wherein GMD, which is a 60-degree glossiness of the ultrathin copper layer surface on the interlayer side in MD direction, satisfies GMD?150 in case of detaching the carrier from the carrier-attached copper foil according to JIS C 6471:1995 after the carrier-attached copper foil is laminated using the same procedure.

US Pat. No. 10,349,530

PLASTIC FILM/SHEET AS REPLACEMENT FOR TYPICAL CONFORMAL COATINGS

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A system for protecting electronics, comprising:a printed wiring assembly (PWA) having a surface with at least one electronic component; and
a water resistant film separate from the PWA, being cut to a desired shape to contact the PWA at locations in which a conformal coating is desired and to avoid contacting the PWA at other locations, providing the conformal coating on the PWA, located on the surface of the PWA, and shrunk about the at least one electronic component and the PWA to couple the water resistant film to the at least one electronic component and the PWA.

US Pat. No. 10,349,529

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT PACKAGE

Qorvo US, Inc., Greensbo...

1. An integrated circuit (IC) package comprising:a printed circuit board;
a first Back-End-of-Line (BEOL) region mounted on the printed circuit board;
a first Front-End-of-Line (FEOL) region;
a first polymer layer provided over the printed circuit board;
a second polymer layer, which has a thermal conductivity greater than 3 W/mK and a resistivity greater than 5000 Ohm-cm; and
wherein the first BEOL region, the first FEOL region, and at least a portion of the second polymer layer are stacked and surrounded by the first polymer layer.

US Pat. No. 10,349,528

SPRING LOADED ROLLERBALL PEN FOR DEPOSITION OF MATERIALS ON RAISED SURFACES

PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER...

1. A material deposition system for depositing a material onto surfaces on a substrate, the system comprising:a material deposition assembly including,
a rollerball,
a controller,
a housing component configured to hold the rollerball, the housing component having an inner surface, an outer surface, a first end, and a second end distant from the first end, the first end sized and configured to hold the rollerball while allowing the rollerball to rotate,
a bias mechanism positioned to contact the second end of the housing component, said bias mechanism is configured to allow the housing component to move in a vertical direction;
a stationary fitting having an inner surface and outer surface, the inner surface in contact with at least a portion of the outer surface of the housing component,
a material carrying tube arrangement arranged to carry the material to be deposited, the material carrying tube arrangement having a first opening arranged to receive the material to be deposited on the surface of the substrate, including raised surfaces, and a second end positioned adjacent a portion of the rollerball;
a body portion configured to enclose at least the movable housing component and the stationary fitting;
a material container configured to hold the material to be deposited, and positioned to provide the material to be deposited to the material carrying tube arrangement;
a carriage configured to hold and move the material deposition assembly; and
a raised feature sensor positioned and configured to sense a presence of a raised feature on the surface of the substrate on which material is being deposited, and to send a control signal to the controller, wherein said controller is configured to control output of the material to be deposited while the rollerball is in contact with the surface of the substrate;
said system is configured to allow the rollerball to maintain contact with the surface of the substrate as the system traverses the raised feature and a planar portion of the surface of the substrate allowing for formation of an unbroken line of the material to be deposited over the surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,349,527

COMPOSITION AND METHOD FOR FORMING CONDUCTIVE PATTERN, AND RESIN STRUCTURE HAVING CONDUCTIVE PATTERN THEREON

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A composition for forming a conductive pattern by electromagnetic irradiation, comprising:a polymer resin; and
one or more non-conductive metal compounds selected from the group consisting of NiGaO2, NiInO2, NiTlO2, NiYO2, NiScO2, NiLaO2, and NiLuO2;
wherein exposure of the composition to electromagnetic irradiation having a wavelength of 1000 nm to 1200 nm at an average power of 8 to 16 W results in formation of a metal core on the polymer resin thereby forming an adhesion-activated surface.

US Pat. No. 10,349,526

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT WITH MICRO INDUCTOR AND MICRO TRANSFORMER WITH MAGNETIC CORE

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A process of forming an integrated circuit device including a micro inductor comprising:forming micro inductor coil bottom leads on a dielectric substrate;
depositing a first photosensitive polymer layer over the micro inductor coil bottom leads;
forming first side vias in the first photosensitive polymer layer;
depositing magnetic core material on the first photosensitive polymer layer;
patterning and etching the magnetic core material to form a magnetic core overlying the micro inductor coil bottom leads;
depositing a second photo sensitive polymer layer over the magnetic core;
forming second side vias in the second photosensitive polymer layer over the first side vias;
depositing a third photo sensitive polymer layer over the second photosensitive polymer layer;
forming micro inductor coil top leads in the third photosensitive polymer layer;
filling the first and second side vias to form micro inductor coil side leads wherein the micro inductor coil side leads electrically connect ends of the micro inductor coil top leads to the ends of the micro inductor coil bottom leads to form the micro inductor coil which winds around the magnetic core;
depositing a fourth photo sensitive polymer layer over the micro inductor coil top leads.

US Pat. No. 10,349,525

SUBSTRATE COMPRISING AN ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT PATTERN, METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING SAME

1. Method for forming an electrical circuit pattern on a substrate, the method comprisingproviding a stack comprising a continuous material layer adhered between a release layer on one side and a transparent layer on the other side, wherein the continuous material layer is a homogeneous layer of a metal or a semiconductor material;
providing a light source projecting light onto the stack from the side of the transparent layer; and
providing a mask between the light source and the stack to form a light pattern in the light projected from the light source onto the stack, wherein the light pattern is projected through the transparent layer to cause a patterned release of adhesion between the continuous material layer and the transparent layer at locations matching the light pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,349,524

BOARD-MOUNTED CIRCUIT BREAKERS FOR ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT ENCLOSURES

Chatsworth Products, Inc....

1. A circuit breaker-equipped electronic equipment enclosure system, comprising:an electronic equipment enclosure;
electronic equipment mounted within the electronic equipment enclosure; and
a board-mounted circuit breaker assembly mounted within the electronic equipment enclosure and utilized in relation to the electronic equipment, the board-mounted circuit breaker assembly including
a printed circuit board having a plurality of printed circuit board quick-connect terminals disposed on, and protruding away from, a mounting surface thereof, and
at least one circuit breaker having a housing body, with a rear surface facing the mounting surface, and a plurality of circuit breaker quick-connect terminals adapted to mechanically and electrically connect to the plurality of printed circuit board quick-connect terminals, each circuit breaker quick-connect terminal being entirely recessed, independently, in a respective one of a plurality of hollows of the housing body such that an outermost distal end of each circuit breaker quick-connect terminal does not extend beyond the rear surface;
wherein each of the printed circuit board quick-connect terminals is received within a respective one of the plurality of hollows of the housing body to electrically couple with the circuit breaker quick-connect terminal recessed therein, thereby reducing an overall height of the at least one circuit breaker above the mounting surface.

US Pat. No. 10,349,523

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising: a printed circuit board (PCB) including a first area, a second area surrounding the first area, and a connecting portion disposed between the first area and the second area; and a sensor which is disposed on the first area; a cover on the PCB, the cover including a main portion disposed on the PCB and a first opening; and a display panel on an opposite surface of the cover, wherein the first area is surrounded by the connecting portion, and wherein the connecting portion includes at least one second opening.

US Pat. No. 10,349,522

THINNED ELECTRONIC PRODUCT AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

LITE-ON ELECTRONICS (GUAN...

1. A manufacturing method of a thinned electronic product, comprising:forming a conductive circuit on a first surface of a supporting body, wherein the conductive circuit is made of a conductive metal layer, and the conductive metal layer is a metal foil, and the supporting body is a thinned supporter with a predetermined supporting force or strength, wherein forming the conductive circuit comprises:
forming a patterned binder layer having a circuit pattern on the supporting body;
placing the conductive metal layer on the patterned binder layer;
applying a pressure to press and fix a part of the conductive metal layer on the patterned binder layer, and curing the patterned binder layer to form the patterned conductive metal layer having the circuit pattern on the supporting body; and
removing another part of the conductive metal layer not pressed and fixed;
disposing an electronic element on the conductive circuit, wherein the electronic element is electrically connected to the conductive circuit; and
disposing a film layer on the conductive circuit having the electronic element, wherein the electronic element and the conductive circuit are wrapped between the supporting body and the film layer.

US Pat. No. 10,349,521

COMPONENT CARRIER WITH ADHESION PROMOTING SHAPE OF WIRING STRUCTURE

1. A component carrier, comprising:a base structure;
an electrically conductive wiring structure on the base structure;
wherein the wiring structure has a nonrectangular cross-sectional shape configured so that an adhesion promoting constriction is formed by at least one of the group consisting of the wiring structure, and a transition between the base structure and the wiring structure, and
wherein the adhesion promoting constriction is formed by a kink at the transition between the base structure and the wiring structure.

US Pat. No. 10,349,520

MULTI-LAYER CIRCUIT BOARD USING INTERPOSER LAYER AND CONDUCTIVE PASTE

CATLAM, LLC, Sunnyvale, ...

1. A multi-layer circuit board formed from a top sub, and one or more composite layers, each composite layer comprising an interposer layer and a sub layer;said top sub and each said sub layer having at least one interconnection to a sub layer which is opposite an intervening interposer layer;
said interposer layer having an aperture positioned at each said interconnection between associated said sub layers;
said sub layers having a plated via or a pad at each said interconnection;
each said interconnection having a solid metallic connection;
at least one of the top sub or the sub layer having a surface, the surface having channels formed in the surface, the channels containing traces below the surface, the channels having catalytic particles exposed below the surface.

US Pat. No. 10,349,519

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A method for manufacturing a printed circuit board, the method comprising:applying an adhesive on an area of a support board for mounting an electronic device, wherein the adhesive is only applied on a central area between both terminals of the electronic device on the area on which the electronic device is mounted;
attaching the electronic device on the adhesive;
forming a central insulation layer to bury the electronic device;
forming an upper insulation layer on the central insulation layer;
stripping a release film to remove the support board;
removing the adhesive remaining on a bottom surface of the electronic device;
forming a lower insulation layer under the central insulation layer;
forming a via connected to terminals of the electronic device in the upper insulation layer or the lower insulation layer;
forming an external circuit pattern on the upper insulation layer or the lower insulation layer after the via is formed;
forming a coverlay protecting the external pattern after the external circuit pattern is formed, wherein the coverlay has an opening section for exposing a surface of the external circuit pattern;
forming a first bump on the external circuit pattern exposed by the opening section of the coverlay, wherein the first bump protrudes from a surface of the coverlay; and
forming a second bump on the first bump;
wherein the adhesive is not applied on an edge area corresponding to the both terminals of the electronic device on the area on which the electronic device is mounted;
wherein the first bump is a copper bump; and
wherein the second bump is a solder bump.

US Pat. No. 10,349,518

CIRCUIT BOARD AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

HongQiSheng Precision Ele...

1. A method of manufacturing an embedded circuit board, comprising:providing a first adhesive coated copper, the first adhesive coated copper comprising a first copper layer pre-formed with at least two first positioning holes and a first adhesive layer formed on a surface of the first copper layer;
adhering at least one first electronic element on the first adhesive layer, wherein electrodes of the at least one first electronic element face their corresponding first positioning holes;
providing a second adhesive coated copper;
providing a semi-cured film, pressing the first adhesive coated copper and the second adhesive coated copper on opposite surfaces of the semi-cured film, thereby embedding the at least one first electronic element in the semi-cured film;
partially removing the first adhesive layer to form first holes for exposing electrodes of the at least one first electronic element;
electrically connecting the electrodes of the at least one first electronic element with the first copper layer.

US Pat. No. 10,349,517

PAD PATTERNS

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A printed circuit board (PCB) comprising:a plurality of pads that form a pad pattern on the PCP, the plurality of pads comprising:
a group of load pads that act as contact points to establish an electrical path between a first circuitry and a second circuitry;
a dummy pad coupled to a first via that floats electrically; and
a false pad coupled to a second via that couples to a third circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,349,516

SUBSTRATE WITH CONDUCTOR MICROPATTERN

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. An article comprising: a conductor micropattern disposed on a major surface of a substrate, the micropattern comprising a plurality of traces defining a plurality of mesh cells not lying on a repeating array defined by unit cells comprising four or fewer positions with each position corresponding to a mesh cell, each trace in the plurality of traces having a radius of curvature less than 1 centimeter, each cell in the plurality of mesh cells having an area in a range from 10,000 square micrometers to 70,000 square micrometers.

US Pat. No. 10,349,515

CAMERA SYSTEM

HEXAGON TECHNOLOGY CENTER...

1. A camera system for measurement applications, the camera system comprising:an objective with at least one objective lens;
an objective holder that carries the objective;
an image sensor; and
a printed circuit board,
wherein the printed circuit board and the image sensor are connected to one another in an electronically conductive manner,
wherein the image sensor and the objective are arranged such that an image that is projected onto the image sensor by way of the objective in focus, and
wherein:
the objective holder is made of a material having a coefficients of thermal expansion aO; and
the printed circuit board or a printed circuit board substrate of the printed circuit board are manufactured from a material with a coefficient of thermal expansion aL, wherein the coefficient of thermal expansion aO of the material the object holder is made of and the coefficient of thermal expansion aL of the material the printed circuit board or a printed circuit board substrate is made of differ from each other by no more than 30%.

US Pat. No. 10,349,514

COMPENSATING FOR INTRA-PAIR SKEW IN DIFFERENTIAL SIGNALING

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A circuit configured to reduce electrical signal degradation, the circuit comprising:a first ground plane;
a second ground plane;
a first trace disposed between the first ground plane and the second ground plane, the first trace having a first width and being configured to carry a first signal of a differential signal;
a second trace disposed between the first trace and the second ground plane, the second trace being substantially parallel to the first trace and having a second width substantially equal to the first width, the second trace being aligned with the first trace with respect to the first width and the second width, the second trace being configured based on the first trace such that the second trace is configured to carry a second signal of the differential signal;
a first dielectric material disposed between the first trace and the second trace and having a first dielectric constant; and
a second dielectric material disposed between the first trace and the first ground plane and disposed between the second trace and the second ground plane, the second dielectric material having a second dielectric constant different from the first dielectric constant, wherein:
a difference between the first dielectric constant and the second dielectric constant suppresses a mode conversion of the differential signal from a differential mode to a common mode; and
the first dielectric constant is greater than the second dielectric constant such that the first trace and the second trace have a capacitive coupling.

US Pat. No. 10,349,513

CIRCUITS AND METHODS PROVIDING ELECTRONIC BAND GAP (EBG) STRUCTURES AT MEMORY MODULE ELECTRICAL COUPLING

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A system comprising:a printed circuit board having a bus with a plurality of conductive traces;
a processing device coupled to the printed circuit board and in electrical communication with the plurality of conductive traces;
a first memory module and a second memory module in electrical communication with the plurality of conductive traces and sharing channels of the conductive traces, wherein the first memory module is physically more proximate to the processing device than is the second memory module; and
an electronic band gap (EBG) structure physically disposed in an area between the first memory module and the second memory module and configured to affect signals transmitted on the bus from the processing device to the first memory module and the second memory module.

US Pat. No. 10,349,512

HIGH-FREQUENCY MODULE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A high-frequency module comprising:a wiring board;
a plurality of components mounted on one main surface of the wiring board;
a sealing resin layer laminated on the one main surface of the wiring board, the sealing resin layer sealing the plurality of components;
a shield wall disposed within the sealing resin layer and between a predetermined component and another component of the plurality of components;
a surface layer conductor disposed between the one main surface of the wiring board and the shield wall so as to overlap the shield wall in a plan view of the wiring board viewed from a direction perpendicular to the main surface of the wiring board, wherein
the shield wall is formed in a polyline shape having a bent portion in the plan view, and has, at the bent portion, a first projection portion penetrating the surface layer conductor;
wherein the shield wall further has, at a position different from that of the first projection portion in the plan view, a second projection portion penetrating the surface layer conductor; and
wherein the wiring board has an internal wiring electrode provided so as to extend beyond the shield wall in the plan view, and the internal wiring electrode is disposed so as not to overlap any of the first projection portion and the second projection portion in the plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,349,511

CONDUCTIVE STRUCTURE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method for manufacturing a conductive structure body, comprising:forming a metal layer on a substrate, and forming a darkening layer on the metal layer; or forming a darkening layer on a substrate, and forming a metal layer on the darkening layer,
wherein the forming of the darkening layer is performed by reactive sputtering using CO2, and
wherein the darkening layer includes (CuOx)aCb, and x is in a range of 0

US Pat. No. 10,349,510

METHOD FOR ADDITIVELY MANUFACTURING COMPONENTS

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A nozzle for additive manufacturing, comprising:a plasma gas tube operable to provide plasma gas to a plasma flame;
a source material tube arranged concentrically inside the plasma gas tube such that source material passes through the plasma flame; and
a sheath gas tube arranged concentrically between the plasma gas tube and the source material tube, the sheath gas tube operable to carry a sheath gas.

US Pat. No. 10,349,509

REDUCING THE EFFECT OF PLASMA ON AN OBJECT IN AN EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT SOURCE

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An extreme ultraviolet (EUV) light source comprising:an optical source configured to emit pulses of light;
a target supply system;
a vacuum chamber configured to receive the pulses of light from the optical source and targets from the target supply system, wherein an interaction between one of the pulses of light and one of the targets produces plasma that emits EUV light, the plasma is associated with a directionally dependent flux of particles and radiation, and the directionally dependent flux of particles and radiation have an angular distribution that depends on an orientation of the target;
a fluid delivery system configured to deliver a fluid to the vacuum chamber; and
a control system configured to:
determine a plasma burst duration based on a desired value for a property of the fluid delivered to the vacuum chamber by the fluid delivery system, the plasma burst duration being a time during which the directionally dependent flux is directed toward a particular region of the vacuum chamber; and
control emission of the pulses of light from the optical source to thereby control the orientation of at least one subsequent target such that the produced directionally dependent flux has a plasma burst duration that is no greater than the determined plasma burst duration.

US Pat. No. 10,349,508

TARGET STORAGE DEVICE

Gigaphoton Inc., Tochigi...

1. A target storage device comprising:a target receiving member;
a tank configured to store a target received by the target receiving member, the target having been output as a droplet, the target generating extreme ultraviolet light when being irradiated with laser light;
a heater connected with the tank, the heater being configured to heat the tank; and
a radiation member disposed to cover at least a part of the tank connected with the heater, the radiation member being configured to reflect heat radiation from the tank and the heater toward the tank,
the target receiving member including an inclined portion that is disposed at a position crossing a trajectory of the target output into the chamber, and allows the target not irradiated with the laser light to collide with it and receives the target, and
the tank storing the target received with the inclined portion.

US Pat. No. 10,349,507

MEDICAL APPARATUS AND X-RAY HIGH VOLTAGE APPARATUS

Toshiba Medical Systems C...

1. A medical apparatus, comprising:an X-ray tube configured to emit an X-ray;
an X-ray high voltage apparatus configured to apply X-ray high voltage to the X-ray tube;
a power device;
a temperature sensor configured to detect a temperature while the X-ray high voltage apparatus applies the high voltage to the X-ray tube;
processing circuitry configured to
refer, using the detected temperature, to a table in which at least one of a case temperature for inside a case covering the power device and a wire temperature for a wire bonded to the power device is associated with data of actually detected temperatures, and obtain at least one of the case temperature and the wire temperature; and
calculate a prediction time period until a failure of the power device based on the obtained temperature data,
wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to
calculate a cycle count for each temperature amplitude of a plurality of temperature amplitudes using a rainflow counting algorithm that takes as the temperature amplitude a temperature change from one temperature peak value to another temperature peak value of the obtained at least one of the case temperature and the wire temperature,
calculate a cumulative damage value based on the plurality of temperature amplitudes and cycle counts corresponding to the plurality of temperature amplitudes, respectively, and
calculate the prediction time period based on the cumulative damage value.

US Pat. No. 10,349,506

MEDICAL IMAGING APPARATUS

Toshiba Medical Systems C...

1. A medical imaging apparatus comprising:an anode rotating type X-ray tube configured to generate X-rays;
a high voltage generation unit implemented by circuitry configured to generate a high voltage to be applied to the X-ray tube;
a power supply unit implemented by circuitry configured to supply power to the high voltage generation unit implemented by circuitry; and
a control unit implemented by circuitry configured to control the high voltage generation unit to stop or start supply of a filament current to the X-ray tube and/or supply of a current to a stator coil for anode rotation in accordance with a predetermined rule,
wherein the control unit stops supply of power from the power supply unit to the high voltage generation unit after a main switch of the power supply unit is turned on.

US Pat. No. 10,349,505

HIGH-VOLTAGE SUPPLY AND AN X-RAY EMITTER HAVING THE HIGH-VOLTAGE SUPPLY

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A high-voltage supply for an x-ray emitter, including provision of a cathode current and a cathode voltage, the high-voltage supply comprising:a common insulating body;
connector elements configured for electrically conducting contact with corresponding connectors of the x-ray emitter;
at least two electrical conductors incorporated in said common insulating body, each of said at least two electrical conductors being assigned to one of said connector elements; and
a board, said connector elements disposed on said board, and each of said connector elements is connected to an assigned one of said electrical conductors in an electrically conducting manner by way of conduction paths.

US Pat. No. 10,349,504

FLASH GENERATOR FOR A FLASH TUBE

PROFOTO AB, Sundbyberg (...

1. A flash generator for providing a power supply to a flash tube so that the flash tube rapidly provides a light output adapted to FP-sync, Flat Peak, comprising:a capacitor bank;
an output;
a switch configured to switch a current flow from the capacitor bank via the output to provide a variable power via the output;
a controller for controlling the switch, whereby by controlling the on time of the switch the generator is operative to: provide during a time period of 100 to 2000 ?s, during a peak time period within the time period an average power at least 4 times higher than the average power provided during the other time period within the time period;
whereby the flash tube during the peak time period becomes fully ignited; and
wherein a stable light output adapted to FP sync is generated during the average power provided during the other time period within the time period.

US Pat. No. 10,349,503

LAMP DRIVER CARD TO CONTROL LIGHTING OF A LAMP LOAD OR A LED ON A WAYSIDE OF A RAILWAY SYSTEM

SIEMENS MOBILITY, INC., ...

1. A DC lamp driver card to control lighting of a traffic signal lamp or a LED located on a wayside of a railway system, the DC lamp driver card comprising:a light source controller module including at least one channel having a semiconductor switch or a relay to receive power on a copper cable sized at a selected gauge size from a power source to turn ON or OFF the traffic signal lamp or the LED,
wherein the light source controller module is configured to support a multi-voltage rating range operation extended from a limited voltage 12V DC (9.5V DC to 16.6 VDC) to an extended operating voltage 9.5V-60V DC and a 2.5 A current rating to light the traffic signal lamp or the LED of 18 W 25 W such that the light source controller module is compatible with higher DC voltages of 24V, 48V or 60V,
wherein the copper cable is sized at the selected gauge size of #9 AWG or #6 AWG to #12 AWG or #14 AWG based on a selected voltage rating of a legacy 12V system or a newer 24V, 48V or 60V from the multi-voltage rating range operation.

US Pat. No. 10,349,502

TIMER AND A METHOD OF IMPLEMENTING A TIMER

Cantigny Lighting Control...

1. A programmable light timer adapted to apply power to a device, the programmable light timer comprising:a first user selectable button of a user interface, wherein the first user selectable button comprises a first dedicated button that establishes an on time and an off time of a first timing pattern in response to a selection of the first user selectable button, and wherein the first timing pattern comprises a first pre-stored timing pattern having a first on time and a first off time that are pre-stored for the first user selectable button and that is implemented in response to a selection of the first user selectable button; and
a second user selectable button of the user interface, wherein the second user selectable button comprises a second dedicated button that establishes an on time and an off time of a second timing pattern, that is different than the first timing pattern, in response to a selection of the second user selectable button, and wherein the second timing pattern comprises a second pre-stored timing pattern having a second on time and a second off time that are pre-stored for the second user selectable button and that is implemented in response to a selection of the second user selectable button.

US Pat. No. 10,349,501

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR LOCATING AN ASSET IN AN ENVIRONMENT

Lexmark International, In...

1. A system for locating an asset in an environment, comprising:a plurality of lighting fixtures forming a network of sensors within the environment for detecting assets in the environment, each lighting fixture includes a transceiver for receiving from an external device identifier information associated with the asset to be tracked and for receiving an acknowledgement from the asset when the asset responds to a query message from the lighting fixture, the identifier information is communicated over the network from one lightning fixture to another until a last lighting fixture receives the acknowledgement from the asset;
wherein a first lighting fixture that first receives the identifier information from the external device to the last lighting fixture that received the acknowledgement from the asset are illuminated such that a path of light is formed from a location of the external device to the asset, and further wherein each lighting fixture communicates with the external device and the assets in the environment at a first frequency and the lighting fixtures communicate with each other at a second frequency different from the first frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,349,500

CONNECTED LIGHTING SYSTEM

iLumisys, Inc., Troy, MI...

1. A computer-implemented method performed by at least one processor, the method comprising:presenting, by the at least one processor, in a user interface (UI), a representation of a plurality of light sources, the representation based on receiving a respective wireless advertising signal from each of the plurality of light sources;
in response to an identification in the UI of a light source of the plurality of light sources, sending, by the at least one processor, a wireless signal to cause the light source to visibly indicate its presence, wherein the representation of the light source in the UI is altered while the light source is visibly indicating its presence;
receiving, by the at least one processor, through the UI, a designation of the light source for subsequent control through a wireless network and, in response, adding the light source to the wireless network; and
providing, by the at least one processor, information that describes the designation of the light source.

US Pat. No. 10,349,499

REMOTE CONTROL, LIGHTING SYSTEM, AND LUMINAIRE

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A remote control for controlling a luminaire that is wirelessly controllable with a terminal device, the remote control comprising:a first receiver that receives a first input from a user;
a first communication circuit that communicates wirelessly; and
a first controller that generates a first control signal and transmits the first control signal to the luminaire via the first communication circuit, the first control signal corresponding to the first input received by the first receiver and including identification information unique to the terminal device as a source address,
wherein the first controller transmits the first control signal to the luminaire without involving the terminal device.

US Pat. No. 10,349,498

REMOTE LIGHT CONTROL, CONFIGURATION, AND MONITORING

MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC TOOL C...

1. A system of light devices comprising:a first light device including
a first housing,
a first light supported by the first housing,
a first transceiver supported by the first housing, and
a first electronic processor coupled to the first light and the first transceiver, the first electronic processor configured to
control operation of the first light,
receive, via the first transceiver from an external device, a command including an operational parameter, wherein the operational parameter is adjustable via a user interface on the external device before being received by the first electronic processor,
transmit, via the first transceiver, the command to a second light device in response to receiving the command from the external device,
receive, via the first transceiver, an identification signal from a power tool device, and
transmit, via the first transceiver, a location signal to the external device, the location signal indicating that the power tool device is within a proximity threshold of the first light device; and
the second light device including
a second housing,
a second light supported by the second housing,
a second transceiver supported by the second housing, and
a second electronic processor coupled to the second light and the second transceiver, the second electronic processor configured to
receive, via the second transceiver, the command from the first light device, and
change the operational parameter of the second light in response to the command from the first light device.

US Pat. No. 10,349,497

RELATING TO LUMINAIRES

SCHREDER, Brussels (BE)

1. A method of supplying power to at least one non-lighting related load in a luminaire, the luminaire being connected to a lighting dedicated switched mains network which is switched on at least during hours of darkness and switched off during daylight hours, the method comprising the steps of:a) down converting the supply from the lighting dedicated switched mains network;
b) charging an energy storage device from a supply provided by the lighting dedicated switched mains network when it is switched on, which comprises using the down converted supply to charge the energy storage device;
c) up converting the energy supply from the energy storage device; and
d) using an energy supply from the energy storage device during daylight hours for the at least one non-lighting related load, which comprises using the up converted supply for the at least one non-lighting related load.

US Pat. No. 10,349,496

LIGHTING CONTROL SYSTEM AND LIGHTING CONTROL DEVICE USED THEREFOR

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A lighting control system, comprising:a plurality of light sources installed in a predetermined area;
at least one radio wave transmission device configured to emit a radio wave signal in the predetermined area;
a portable terminal configured to receive the radio wave signal emitted from the at least one radio wave transmission device, the portable terminal being portable by a user; and
a lighting control device configured to select, based on an intensity of the radio wave signal received by the portable terminal from the at least one radio wave transmission device, a target light source serving as a light source of a control object from the plurality of light sources and to control a lighting state of the target light source,
wherein the plurality of light sources and the at least one radio wave transmission device are separate from each other,
the at least one radio wave transmission device includes a plurality of radio wave transmission devices,
the plurality of radio wave transmission devices are configured to emit, in the predetermined area, the radio wave signals each of which includes a piece of identification information specific to a corresponding one of the plurality of radio wave transmission devices, and
the lighting control device is configured to select the target light source based on intensities and pieces of identification information of the radio wave signals received by the portable terminal from the plurality of radio wave transmission devices and to control the lighting state of the target light source,
wherein the lighting control system further comprises:
a location determiner configured to refer to a correspondence relationship between each of the pieces of identification information and a location of a corresponding one of the plurality of radio wave transmission devices which includes the identification information to determine a location of the portable terminal in the predetermined area based on the intensities of the radio wave signals received by the portable terminal from the plurality of radio wave transmission devices,
wherein the lighting control device is configured:
to select the target light source based on the location of the portable terminal, and
to control the lighting state of the target light source.

US Pat. No. 10,349,495

LIGHT BULB ADAPTER

Incipio, LLC, Irvine, CA...

1. A light bulb adapter comprising:a light bulb receptacle configured to receive a light bulb;
a light bulb plug configured to connect to a lighting fixture;
a shell having an outer side wall, an upper wall, an inner side wall and a lower wall, the inner side wall and the lower wall are configured to surround and support the light bulb receptacle; and
a base configured to engage with the perimeter region of the outer wall of the shell to form a main housing, wherein the main housing that encloses electronic circuits that are configured to wirelessly receive commands over WiFi from a mobile electronic device to control the function of the light bulb adapter.

US Pat. No. 10,349,494

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR LIGHTING CONTROL

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A system for managing environmental conditions, the system comprising:a commissioned unit configured to:
receive one or more signals comprising an environmental control request from a controller in communication with the commissioned unit, said environmental control request having a first priority level;
determine whether the commissioned unit in communication with the controller is enabled to carry out the environmental control request;
determine whether there is a competing environmental control request having a second priority level;
compare the first priority level and the second priority level;
adjust, if the first priority level is higher than the second priority level, an environmental condition based on the environmental control request; and,
adjust, if the second priority level is higher than the first priority level, the environmental condition based on the competing environmental control request,
wherein the commissioned unit is further configured to ignore the received environmental control request when the second priority level is higher than the first priority level and to adjust the environmental condition based on the ignored received environmental control request after an amount of time has elapsed.

US Pat. No. 10,349,493

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) COMPUTING DEVICE WITH ONE OR MORE LIGHTING ELEMENTS

1. A lighting assembly, comprising:a lighting support frame and lighting fabric;
a lighting support assembly connected to the lighting support frame and lighting fabric, the lighting support frame or the lighting support assembly comprising one or more lighting elements;
an artificial intelligence (AI) device housing coupled to the lighting support assembly, the AI device housing comprising:
one or more microphones;
one or more processors;
one or more memory devices; and
computer-readable instructions stored in the one or more memory devices and executable by the one or more processors to:
receive audible commands; and
convert the received audible commands to one or more sound files; and
a wireless transceiver,
the computer-readable instructions further executable by the one or more processors to:
communicate the one or more sound files, via the wireless transceiver, to an external computing device for voice recognition; and
receive one or more recognized device commands, via the wireless transceiver, the recognized one or more device commands to be based, at least in part, on the communicated one or more sound files.

US Pat. No. 10,349,492

WAVELENGTH TUNABLE LIGHT SOURCE, LIGHT SOURCE MODULE, AND WAVELENGTH CONTROL METHOD

FUJITSU OPTICAL COMPONENT...

1. A wavelength tunable light source comprising:a light source,
a wavelength monitor circuit configured to receive a portion of light emitted from the light source, and
a processor that controls a wavelength of the light emitted from the light source based upon an output value of the wavelength monitor circuit,
wherein the wavelength monitor circuit has a wavelength filter that outputs four light components with optical phases shifted by 90 degrees from one another, and multiple photo detectors configured to detect the four light components output from the wavelength filter, and
wherein the processor selects at least one of the four light components, calculates a ratio of a monitor value of the at least one selected light component to a total sum of monitor values of the four light components, and adjusts the wavelength of the light source so as to bring the ratio to be closer to a target ratio at a designated wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,349,491

LIGHT EMISSION POWER CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD

TETRA TECH, INC., Pasade...

1. A system for inspecting a railway track configured to adjust the intensity of a light emitting apparatus based on the motion of the system relative to an adjacent railway track wherein the system is mounted to a railway track vehicle, the system comprising:a power source;
a light emitting apparatus powered by the power source for emitting light energy toward a railway track;
at least one 3D sensor for sensing reflected light emitted from the light emitting apparatus and acquiring three-dimensional data of the railway track;
at least one shaft encoder for detecting motion of a wheel of the railway track vehicle on which the system is mounted, the shaft encoder emitting pulses at a rate that corresponds to a speed at which the wheel of the railway track vehicle rotates which corresponds to a speed of the railway track vehicle; and
a processor in communication with the at least one 3D sensor and at least one shaft encoder wherein the processor includes an algorithm for adjusting the power of the light emitting apparatus, the algorithm comprising the steps of:
a. analyzing the three-dimensional data from the at least one 3D sensor;
b. receiving pulses emitted from the at least one shaft encoder; and
c. adjusting a light emitter control output value based at least in part on the analyzed three-dimensional data and the received pulses; and
a controller in communication with the processor wherein the controller is configured to control the light intensity of the light emitting apparatus in response to the light emitter control output value.

US Pat. No. 10,349,490

ILLUMINATION DEVICE

BALMUDA INC., Musahino-s...

1. An illumination device comprising:a light source for lighting up a desktop;
an arm mechanism incorporating a motor for moving a position of the light source;
a user camera that detects a user;
a desk camera that detects an illuminance distribution on the desktop;
an image processing part that calculates a posture of the user and a distance between a specific region of the user and the desk, based on a user image obtained with the user camera and a desk image obtained with the desk camera;
a computation part that calculates, based on the posture of the user derived with the image processing part and the illuminance distribution obtained with the desk camera, an optimal light source position of the light source at which dispersion of the illuminance distribution is minimized;
a warning part that generates a warning in a case where the distance is less than or equal to a predetermined value; and
an arm control part that operates the arm mechanism such that the light source moves to the optimal light source position.

US Pat. No. 10,349,489

ADAPTABLE SKYLIGHT

Textron Innovation, Inc.,...

1. An adaptable skylight for an enclosed area in a habitable space in a vehicle, the skylight comprising:a frame in the vehicle defining an opening for allowing light to pass;
an opacity-control pane located in the opening, the opacity-control pane allowing for a variable amount of light to pass through the opening in the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,349,488

SOFTWARE CONFIGURABLE LIGHTING DEVICE

ABL IP HOLDING LLC, Cony...

1. A lighting device, comprising:a pixel controllable light generation and pixel controllable spatial light distribution system, wherein the pixel controllable light generation and pixel controllable spatial light distribution system includes at least one pixelated light source and/or multi-color light source;
a driver coupled to the controllable system to control at a pixel level, light generated by the system and to control at a pixel level, a spatial distribution of the generated light;
a memory;
a processor having access to the memory and coupled to the driver to control operation of the driver; and
programming in the memory, wherein execution of the programming by the processor configures the lighting device to perform functions including functions to:
obtain an image selection and a general lighting distribution selection as software control data;
present an image output, based on the image selection;
emit light, via the at least one pixelated light source and/or multi-color light source, for general illumination from the lighting device and having the selected light distribution for an area of the lighting device;
time division multiplex lighting device output during repetitions of a duty cycle including a general illumination lighting time duration and a display presentation time duration, to emit the light for general illumination having the selected light distribution during the general illumination lighting time duration of each repetition of the duty cycle and to display the image output during the display presentation time duration of each repetition of the duty cycle distinctly different from the general illumination lighting time duration of each repetition of the duty cycle; and
during the display presentation time duration, supply a plurality of timing signals corresponding to the light distribution for the image selection to drive spatial modulation by pixel controllable light generation and pixel controllable spatial light distribution system, to enable the image output on the lighting device during each repetition of the duty cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,349,487

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING INFORMATION APPARATUS AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A method for controlling an information apparatus having a display and being connected to a network, one or more target devices being controlled over the network,the method causing a computer of the information apparatus to:
display, on the display, a display image, which specifies a plurality of illumination devices in room units;
in response to detecting a selection of an illumination device, of the plurality of illumination devices, in a first room unit on the display image, display, on the display, a first room screen including a first room corresponding to the first room unit in which the selection of the illumination device is detected, the first room being displayed with first brightness not lower than second brightness of a background image when a first illumination device arranged in the first room is in an on-state, the first room screen including the first room and not including a room other than the first room;
in response to detecting a selection of the illumination device in the first room unit on the display image, display, on the display, the first room screen including the first room being displayed with third brightness lower than the second brightness of the background image when the first illumination device arranged in the first room is in an off-state;
output, to the network, a first control command for turning off power of the first illumination device arranged in the first room, when selection within the first room in the first room screen is detected while the first room screen including the first room with the first brightness not lower than the second brightness of the background image is being displayed on the display; and
output, to the network, a second control command for turning on power of the first illumination device arranged in the first room, when selection within the first room in the first room screen is detected while the first room screen including the first room with the third brightness lower than the second brightness of the background image is being displayed on the display.

US Pat. No. 10,349,486

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING AN INFRARED ILLUMINATION BEAM WITH A VARIABLE ILLUMINATION PATTERN

Avigilon Corporation, Va...

1. A method for generating an infrared (IR) beam for illuminating a scene to be imaged, the method comprising:(a) providing at least two IR emitters, including a first IR emitter operable to emit a wide beam component of the IR beam, and a second IR emitter operable to emit a narrow beam component of the IR beam;
(b) determining a current focal length, and using a processor, automatically selecting a power ratio of a total available power directed to at least the first and second IR emitters that produces the IR beam with a desired linear profile for the determined current focal length when the narrow beam component and wide beam component are combined, wherein the power ratio is selected from a beam profile-to-focal length map comprising a series of focal length increments and their corresponding power ratios that produce an IR beam with the desired linear profile; and
(c) producing the IR beam by directing the total available power to at least the first and second IR emitters at the selected power ratio to generate the wide and narrow beam components, and combining the generated wide and narrow beam components;
wherein the current focal length has an associated field of view, and the desired linear profile for the current focal length has a highest available irradiance within the associated field of view for a group of available power ratios of the total available power at the current focal length.

US Pat. No. 10,349,485

EFFICIENT CONTROL ASSEMBLY AND CONTROL METHOD

1. A control assembly comprising serially connected control units, which control light emitting diodes, wherein each of the control units comprises:a first communication interface configured for communication with a further control unit, and
a second communication interface suitable for communication with a further control unit,
wherein the control units are configured such that control signals are transmitted from the first communication interface to the second communication interface exclusively, or from the second communication interface to the first communication interface,
wherein the control signal transmission transmits a plurality of control commands and the control units communicate at any time of a control signal transmission unidirectional in pairs with each other by means of communication lines,
wherein the control signals are a data frame which contains instructions, an address and payload, wherein each instruction indicates a command to be executed by the receiving control unit, the payload comprises a color value for color adjustment of the light-emitting diode and the address provides a numbering of the control units, and each of the control units receiving such an instruction switches the direction and decodes the subsequently arriving payload.

US Pat. No. 10,349,483

AMBIENT LIGHT SENSOR CIRCUIT

Cree, Inc., Durham, NC (...

1. Ambient light sensor circuitry comprising:a photodetector coupled between a supply voltage and an intermediate node such that the photodetector is directly coupled to the intermediate node, the photodetector configured to provide a photodetector current proportional to an amount of light detected thereby to the intermediate node;
a controllable current source coupled between the intermediate node and ground and configured to shunt a portion of the photodetector current from the intermediate node to ground based on a current control signal; and
control circuitry directly coupled to the intermediate node and coupled to the controllable current source and configured to:
provide the current control signal to the controllable current source;
receive a measurement signal from the intermediate node;
adjust the current control signal such that the measurement signal does not exceed a maximum input threshold of the control circuitry; and
calculate an ambient light measurement signal based on the measurement signal and the current control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,349,482

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO REGULATE PRIMARY SIDE CURRENT USING AN EVENT DRIVEN ARCHITECTURE IN LED CIRCUIT

GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc., Gr...

1. A system to regulate a primary side current using an event driven architecture in an LED circuit, the system comprising:an input module configured to enable a user to enter a reference voltage set point through a reference block;
a computing module configured to compute an average half cycle power or current from an input supply line cycle comprising one or more cycles to generate an average feedback half cycle Peak Regulation Voltage (PRV), wherein the average half cycle power or current is an average power or current of half of the one or more cycles and the average feedback half cycle PRV is an average PRV for half of the one or more cycles generated by the computing module using an average filter;
a subtractor module configured to receive the reference voltage set point and the average feedback half cycle PRV from the input module and the computing module and to subtract a difference between the reference voltage set point and the average feedback half cycle PRV to produce an error signal;
a gain module configured to receive the error signal from the subtractor module and to boost up the error signal by adding a gain signal;
an accumulator module configured to accumulate the boosted error signal from the gain module, the accumulator module determines a level of effective reference set point signal to ensure the average feedback half cycle PRV equaling to the reference voltage set point;
an analog to digital converter (ADC) module configured to regulate and convert a primary peak voltage or current to an output digital signal;
a multiplier module configured to multiply the output digital signal of the ADC module;
a digital to analog converter (DAC) module configured to receive and convert the multiplied output digital signal from the multiplier module to an output analog signal, wherein the DAC module establishes a desired set voltage or current by regulating the output analog signal; and
a control module configured to control a secondary side current by regulating the primary peak voltage or current using a switch, wherein the controlled secondary side current is allowed to flow through a sense resistor to generate a voltage, wherein the generated voltage is in form of a saw tooth waveform, wherein the saw tooth waveform enables the user to determine and calculate a turn ON time and a turn OFF time of the switch.

US Pat. No. 10,349,481

DALI INTERFACE CIRCUIT WITH BOOTSTRAP FUNCTION

Self Electronics Co., Ltd...

1. A DALI interface circuit with bootstrap function, the DALI interface circuit is powered by a power supply circuit, and includes a rectification module, a communication transmitting circuit electrically connected to the rectification module, and a signal input terminal electrically connected to the communication transmitting circuit, characterized in that: the communication transmitting circuit comprises a MOS transistor Q2 and a bootstrap circuit electrically connected to the MOS transistor Q2, the bootstrap circuit includes a diode D4, a resistor R7, the resistor R10, the capacitor C11, the resistor R9, the anode of the diode D4 is electrically connected to the output end of the power supply circuit, the cathode of the diode D4 is connected to one end of the resistor R7, and the capacitor C11 is connected in series with the resistor R9 and then connected in parallel with the resistor R10, one end of the resistor R10 is connected to the other end of the resistor R7, the other end of the resistor R10 is grounded, the gate of the MOS transistor Q2 is electrically connected between the resistor R7 and the resistor R10, and the output end of the rectification module is connected to the drain of the MOS transistor Q2, the source of the MOS transistor Q2 is grounded, and the signal input terminal is electrically connected between the capacitor C11 and the resistor R9.

US Pat. No. 10,349,479

COLOR TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED AND LOW THD LED LIGHTING DEVICES AND SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF DRIVING THE SAME

Lynk Labs, Inc., Elgin, ...

1. A driver for an LED lighting device comprising:a bridge rectifier, the bridge rectifier having a first pair of driver connection leads to connect the bridge rectifier to an AC voltage source;
a current limiting device connected to the output of the bridge rectifier;
a second set of driver connection leads having a third and a fourth driver connection lead, wherein the third driver connection lead is connected to the output of the current limiting device and the fourth driver connection lead provides a return to the bridge rectifier when connected to a load; and
a second current limiting device and a third set of driver connection leads, the second current limiting device electrically unconnected from the bridge rectifier and the current limiting device, wherein the third set of driver connection leads includes a fifth driver connection lead connected to the input of the second current limiting device and a sixth driver connection lead connected to the output of the second current limiting device.

US Pat. No. 10,349,478

HIGH TOLERANCE AUTO-RANGING AC LED DRIVER APPARATUS AND METHODS

ISINE Inc., Boston, MA (...

1. A circuit, comprising:a plurality of light emitting diode (LED) strings coupled to each other in series;
a power supply circuit coupled to a first LED string of the plurality of LED strings;
a feedback circuit coupled between a second LED string of the plurality of LED strings and the power supply circuit; and
a current steering circuit coupled to the first LED string of the plurality of LED strings and further coupled to the second LED string of the plurality of LED strings;
wherein the current steering circuit includes a plurality of switchable conductive pathways, and wherein the feedback circuit comprises:
a peak detector having an input terminal and an output terminal;
a filter having an input terminal and an output terminal, the input terminal of the filter coupled to the output terminal of the peak detector;
an error amplifier having a first input terminal, a second input terminal, and an output terminal, the first input terminal of the error amplifier coupled to the output terminal of the filter; and
an ON time calculator having a first input terminal, a second input terminal, a third input terminal, and an output terminal, the first input terminal of the ON time calculator coupled to the output terminal of the error amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,349,477

LED DOUBLE-CAPPED LAMP, FOR OPERATION ON AN ELECTRONIC BALLAST FOR A LOW-PRESSURE DISCHARGE LAMP, ESPECIALLY A FLUORESCENT LAMP, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SUCH A LAMP

LEDVANCE GMBH, Garching ...

1. A double-end LED lamp for operation at an electronic ballast unit for a low-pressure discharge lamp, particularly a fluorescent lamp, the double-end LED lamp comprising:a first lamp socket with at least one first lamp terminal;
a second lamp socket with at least one second lamp terminal;
an LED driver unit electrically coupled between the first lamp terminal and the second lamp terminal and configured for drive control of a plurality of LEDs from a lamp voltage, which can be provided between the first lamp terminal and the second lamp terminal by the electronic ballast unit, in a first operating state, the LED driver unit comprising:
a switching element configured for electrical isolation of the first lamp terminal from the LED driver unit in a second operating state; and
a drive control device configured for changing at least from the second operating state to the first operating state in dependence on the lamp voltage; and
a supply device configured to provide a supply voltage for the switching element from the lamp voltage independent of the LED driver unit, wherein the supply device comprises a coupling device which enables electrical isolation between the first lamp terminal and the second lamp terminal, wherein the coupling device comprises at least one first coupling capacitor which is coupled with the first lamp terminal, wherein the first coupling capacitor is formed by a series circuit of a first series capacitor and a second series capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,349,476

LED DRIVER ADAPTED FOR GANG BOXES

Elemental LED, Inc., Ren...

1. A low-voltage driver, comprising:a high-voltage input;
a low-voltage output, the driver converting alternating current (AC) power at the high voltage input to direct current (DC) power at the low-voltage output, the high-voltage input and the low-voltage output being physically spaced from one another along a rear surface of the driver;
a front cover plate opposite the rear surface of the driver, the front cover plate having first engaging structure and upper and lower mounting flanges; and
an interchangeable face plate having (1) second engaging structure on a rear surface thereof adapted to engage the first engaging structure of the front cover plate to mount to the front cover plate, and (2) a front face having an element interchangeable between a front-facing control and a nonfunctional fascial element, the interchangeable face plate being arranged such that the interchangeable face plate covers at least a substantial majority of the front cover plate.

US Pat. No. 10,349,475

SIGNAL RECEIVING DEVICE, SIGNAL TRANSMITTING DEVICE, LIGHTING SYSTEM, ILLUMINATION FIXTURE AND ILLUMINATION SYSTEM

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A signal receiving device, comprisinga receiver input unit that comprises input terminals and that allows power supply lines to be electrically connected thereto, and
a receiver circuit that is operatively coupled to the receiver input unit, and configured to receive a transmission signal represented by a change in DC voltage applied across the power supply lines according to transmission data, the receiver circuit being configured to compare the DC voltage with a threshold, thereby detecting the change in the DC voltage, and the receiver circuit being configured to calculate the threshold from a voltage value of the DC voltage input to the receiver input unit.

US Pat. No. 10,349,474

LAMP TUBE CAPABLE OF RECTIFYING AND STABILIZING VOLTAGES

Xiamen PVTECH Co., Ltd., ...

1. An LED lamp tube capable of rectifying and stabilizing voltages, wherein the LED lamp tube comprises an LED component in the LED lamp tube, and two ends of the LED lamp tube respectively comprise two conductive pin assemblies, each of the conductive pin assemblies is formed by two pins, the LED lamp tube further comprises a polarity conversion module, a suppressor, and a voltage buck-booster module, the polarity conversion module comprises two voltage conversion devices, the voltage conversion devices are respectively connected to the conductive pin assemblies, wherein a capacitor is electrically connected between each of the voltage conversion devices, the suppressor is electrically connected to the polarity conversion module to absorb a generated surge voltage, the voltage buck-booster module is electrically connected to the suppressor to convert alternating current into direct current;wherein, input ends of the voltage conversion devices are respectively connected to the conductive pin assemblies, a set of capacitors is connected between the input ends of each of the voltage conversion devices to operate a circuit in an electronic rectifier to compensate and stabilize an input voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,349,473

LED RETROFIT LAMP WITH A STRIKE BARRIER

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A strike barrier for driving an LED retrofit lamp comprising:a first silicon controlled rectifier having a gate terminal, a cathode terminal and an anode terminal connected to a bridge rectifier;
a first resistor divider having a first resistor between the gate terminal and the anode terminal, and a second resistor placed between the gate terminal and the cathode terminal of the first silicon controlled rectifier;
a second silicon controlled rectifier having a gate terminal, a cathode terminal and an anode terminal, said anode terminal of the second silicon controlled rectifier is connected to a first node present between the cathode terminal of the first silicon controlled rectifier and the second resistor;
a second resistor divider having a third resistor placed between the gate terminal and the cathode terminal of the second silicon controlled rectifier, and a fourth resistor placed between the gate terminal of the second controlled rectifier and a second node present between the first node and the second resistor;
a fifth resistor in parallel to the first silicon controlled rectifier connecting output from the bridge rectifier to the second silicon controlled rectifier, wherein a first end of the fifth resistor is connected to the input to first silicon controlled rectifier and a second end of the fifth resistor is connected to the first node and the second node;
wherein a third node between the cathode terminal and the gate terminal of the second silicon controlled rectifier is an output of the strike barrier.

US Pat. No. 10,349,472

CEILING LAMP

DONGGUAN PAN AMERICAN ELE...

1. A ceiling lamp, comprising:a lamp housing comprising a mounting bracket, a mounting pedestal mounted on the mounting bracket, an insulating cover connected to the mounting pedestal, and a lampshade enclosing the mounting bracket; and
a light source assembly mounted in the lamp housing, the light source assembly comprising:
a printed circuit board (PCB);
a plurality of light-emitting diode (LED) beads mounted on a bottom surface of the PCB; and
a processing circuit integrated on the PCB, the processing circuit being electrically coupled to the plurality of LED beads, the processing circuit comprising:
a power consumption module electrically coupled to a mains power supply, the power consumption module comprising a fusing resistor and a varistor, the fusing resistor being electrically coupled to a live wire of the mains power supply, and both terminals of the varistor being electrically coupled to the live wire and a neutral wire of the mains power supply, respectively;
a rectifier module electrically coupled to the power consumption module; and
a constant current module electrically coupled to the rectifier module, the constant current module is configured to supply power to the plurality of LED beads, wherein the constant current module is a constant current control chip configured to provide a stable output of the current; and
wherein the mounting bracket comprises an annular base plate and a side plate extending vertically from a periphery of the base plate, the base plate has an inner ring portion and an outer ring portion, the inner ring portion defines a plurality of uniformly spaced first connecting holes arranged on an annular circumference thereof, the outer ring portion defines a plurality of uniformly spaced second connecting holes arranged on an annular circumference thereof, each second connecting hole is configured to accommodate a first supporting post, each first connecting hole is configured to accommodate a second supporting post.

US Pat. No. 10,349,471

MICROWAVE HEATING APPARATUS

1. A microwave heating apparatus comprising:a heating furnace in which a microwave irradiator is attached to a furnace main body having microwave permeability;
a running passage formed inside the heating furnace for passing a fiber member which is an object to be heated;
a first tubular member which is made of a first microwave heat-generating material for absorbing microwave energy and generating heat in the heating furnace, the first tubular member being rotatably disposed around the running passage; and
a second tubular member which is made of a second microwave heat-generating material for absorbing microwave energy and generating heat in the first tubular member, the running passage being formed at a center portion of the second tubular member,
wherein the fiber member is heated and calcined while running the fiber member in the running passage of the second tubular member, and
wherein the first tubular member has formed therein through holes or through slits extending in a radial direction, the through holes or through slits allowing a microwave to pass therethrough to be directly irradiated to the fiber member in the running passage of the second tubular member.

US Pat. No. 10,349,470

PORTABLE INDUCTION HEATER

Sarge Holdings Company, L...

1. A portable induction heater, comprising:a body which may be held by a hand of the operator during use of the portable induction heater;
a work coil comprising a coil portion and two legs; and
a head capable of being attachably and detachably connected to a work coil, wherein the head comprises apertures configured for receiving the legs of the work coil;
wherein the head comprises a heat dissipating terminal, a nose portion, and a collar at least partially encompassing an outside portion of the heat dissipating terminal and configured for limited rotation about at least a portion of the head;
wherein an inside surface of the collar includes two or more inwardly-projecting nubs, each positioned to push against a different depressible portion of two electrical contactors upon rotation of the collar, and wherein the contactors are located on an outside portion of the head, with each contactor being in selectable electrical conduction with a different leg of the work coil;
whereby upon insertion of the legs of the work coil into the apertures, limited rotational movement of the collar simultaneously causes each of the two legs of the work coil to be locked in place between the two contactors and the heat dissipating terminal, wherein the two legs are in electrical conduction with the heat dissipating terminal, and further rotational movement of the collar breaks the electrical conduction between the two legs and the heat dissipating terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,349,469

INDUCTION COOKING APPLIANCE AND METHOD FOR ITS ASSEMBLY

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. An induction cooking appliance comprising:a bottom metal tray including a printed circuit board and electronic components mounted thereon, the metal tray comprising at least a pair of polymeric support elements configured to be fastened to the metal tray and interposed between the metal tray and the printed circuit board in order to define a predetermined distance between the metal tray and the printed circuit board, each of the polymeric support elements having an elongated profile configured to snap-engage with corresponding apertures in the metal tray and having a continuous L-shaped cross-section across most of the polymeric support element, comprising:
a first portion disposed in a horizontal position when the elongated profile is mounted on the metal tray, and which presents a plurality of ribs defining said predetermined distance; and
a second portion disposed in a vertical position when the elongated profile is mounted on the metal tray, and having snap engaging elements for retaining the printed circuit board on the elongated profile.

US Pat. No. 10,349,468

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A TEXTILE SHEET HEATING ELEMENT

KUFNER HOLDING GMBH, Mun...

1. A method to produce a textile sheet heating element, comprising:forming a knitted material and, in one in the same work step, inserting heat conductors as warp threads in a knitting process and inserting contact conductors that touch the heat conductors at spacings from one another as weft threads or weft thread groups; wherein the step of forming the knitted material includes using a first guide bar to form fringe stitches and using two guide bars to insert the heat conductors in the form of warp threads;
using a warp knitting machine or Raschel machine to produce the sheet heating element and varying a production speed of the warp knitting machine or Raschel machine as a function of stitch formation and, wherein the warp knitting machine or Raschel machine has a magazine weft insertion system with feeding chains to feed in weft threads and a weft carriage to insert weft threads; and
pausing both the feeding chain and the weft carriage for preset times as a function of stitch formation.

US Pat. No. 10,349,467

COOKING HOB WITH A BALANCE SYSTEM AND A METHOD FOR ADJUSTING THE TEMPERATURE OF A COOKING VESSEL

Electrolux Home Products ...

1. A method for adjusting the temperature of a cooking vessel after said cooking vessel has been moved from a first cooking zone to a second cooking zone of a cooking hob, wherein the method comprises steps of:detecting, by a vessel recognition device, the presence of the cooking vessel on the first cooking zone and the second cooking zone;
detecting, by a temperature sensor, the temperature of the first cooking zone, and
activating, by an electronic control unit, a boosted power level at the second cooking zone for a pre-determined time in order to compensate the energy loss (Qs) of the cooking vessel when said cooking vessel is moved from the first cooking zone to the second cooking zone, wherein
the boosted power level is selected on the basis of a pre-set power level of the second cooking zone, the temperature of the first cooking zone, a temperature of the second cooking zone before the cooking vessel has been set on the second cooking zone, and the pre-determined time for activating the boosted power level.

US Pat. No. 10,349,466

RECEIVING UPON TRANSMIT AND TRANSMITTING UPON RECEIVE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication at a user equipment (UE) comprising:identifying a discontinuous reception (DRX) configuration comprising a plurality of reception occasions for downlink (DL) communications from a base station to the UE;
receiving DL data associated with a service during a reception occasion of the plurality of reception occasions;
identifying that a transmission opportunity for sending uplink (UL) data associated with the service in response to the DL data is available within an active duration of the reception occasion of the DRX configuration based at least in part on a service type of the service; and
transmitting the UL data in response to the DL data during the transmission opportunity based at least in part on the identifying.

US Pat. No. 10,349,465

EXTREMELY HIGH FREQUENCY SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF OPERATING THE SAME

KEYSSA, INC., Campbell, ...

1. A method comprising:establishing a connection between two physical layers that exchange data with each other via a half-duplex contactless link, wherein a first physical layer serves as an upstream device and wherein the second physical layer serves as a downstream device, wherein the establishing comprises:
managing the half-duplex contactless link by selectively transitioning a contactless communications unit (CCU) between transmit and receive modes of operation, wherein the managing comprises:
executing a state machine that tracks a state of the CCU during the establishment of the connection via the half-duplex contactless link, wherein the state machine transitions through a plurality of states in response to signals received via the half-duplex contactless link; and
transmitting data via the half-duplex contactless link in response to a state transition of the state machine.

US Pat. No. 10,349,464

USER EQUIPMENT, AND METHOD IN THE USER EQUIPMENT, FOR MONITORING A DOWNLINK CONTROL CHANNEL

Telefonaktiebolaget L M E...

1. A method in a user equipment, UE, for deciding whether to monitor a downlink control channel in a subframe, wherein the UE operates with discontinuous reception, DRX, and dynamic time division duplex, TDD, the UE being in an active state of a DRX cycle, the method comprising:determining that the subframe is a fixed downlink subframe if the subframe is a fixed downlink subframe and determining that the subframe is a flexible subframe currently configured to operate as a downlink subframe if the subframe is a flexible subframe currently configured to operate as a downlink subframe;
upon determining that the subframe is a fixed downlink subframe, updating a first DRX timer towards reaching a predetermined time out value and deciding to monitor the downlink control channel in the subframe; and
upon determining that the subframe is a flexible subframe currently configured to operate as a downlink subframe, deciding to monitor the downlink control channel in the subframe if a second DRX timer is running and not when only the first DRX timer is running.

US Pat. No. 10,349,463

OPERATING WITH MULTIPLE SCHEDULERS IN A WIRELESS SYSTEM

InterDigital Patent Holdi...

1. A method for a wireless transmit receive unit (WTRU), the method comprising:the WTRU establishing a radio resource control (RRC) connection, wherein the RRC connection is common between at least a first medium access control (MAC) instance and a second MAC instance;
the WTRU receiving a first RRC message associated with a first signaling radio bearer (SRB) via the first MAC instance, wherein the first SRB is used for communicating RRC connection information via the first MAC instance; and
the WTRU receiving a second RRC message associated with a second SRB via the second MAC instance, wherein the second SRB is used for communicating the RRC connection information via the second MAC instance.

US Pat. No. 10,349,462

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MANAGING BONDED COMMUNICATIONS ACROSS MULTIPLE COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

LIVEU LTD., Kfar Saba (I...

1. A computing method of using a processor to manage a virtualization of a network bonding connection, the method comprising:organizing one or a plurality of network bonding engines, each of the network bonding engines configured to split input data from at least one input data source into a plurality of data streams communicated over a plurality of wireless IP modems of different performance characteristics, and to reassemble the input data from said plurality of data streams;
wherein the organizing of said one or a plurality of network bonding engines comprises choosing two or more wireless IP modems from the plurality of wireless IP modems to form dynamically, according to network conditions, two or more bonding groups wherein at least one wireless IP modem is included in more than one bonding group at the same time; and virtualizing each bonding group and assigning at least one network function to each of the two or more bonding groups such that each bonding group is associated with performance parameters and provides service to input data according to its assigned network function, wherein the network functions are selected from the group consisting of a hub, a router, a switch, a databridge, and an audio/video transmitter;
communicating the input data via the virtualized bonding groups according to the network function assigned to the virtualized bonding groups; and
altering the formation of the bonding groups according to the performance of modems associated with virtualized bonding groups and the requirements of the input data;
wherein each virtualized bonding group splits the input data among the IP modems associated that virtualized bonding group.

US Pat. No. 10,349,461

BACKHAUL FABRIC FOR WIRELESS NETWORK

Nant Holdings IP, LLC, C...

1. A distributed wireless network, comprising:a surface-based network fabric comprising a plurality of surface nodes interconnected with each other through physical links;
an intermediary network fabric comprising a plurality of intermediary nodes configured to communicate with the plurality of surface nodes, wherein the plurality of intermediary nodes include at least one aircraft;
and a network fabric manager configured to establish a network topology among the plurality of surface nodes and the plurality of intermediary nodes to communicatively connect a first wireless device to a second wireless device, and migrate from a first surface node to a second surface node while retaining connectivity between the first wireless device and the second wireless device.

US Pat. No. 10,349,460

DUAL ACTIVE CONNECTIONS OVER SINGLE RADIO USER EQUIPMENT

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method operational on a user equipment (UE) device for facilitating a dual active connections, comprising:receiving a first transmit pattern and a separate first receive pattern;
receiving a second transmit pattern and a separate second receive pattern;
configuring a transmitter to transmit, over a first connection with a first access node, according to the first transmit pattern for the first connection and a first receiver to receive according to the first receive pattern for the first connection;
configuring the transmitter to transmit according to the second transmit pattern for a second connection while concurrently supporting the first connection;
providing a first coexistence indicator to the first access node, wherein the first transmit pattern and the separate first receive pattern are received in response to the first coexistence indicator; and
providing, via a second connection, a second coexistence indicator to the first access node or a second access node, wherein the second transmit pattern and the separate second receive pattern are received in response to the second coexistence indicator.

US Pat. No. 10,349,459

RELAY NODE RN, DONOR ENODEB DENB AND COMMUNICATION METHOD

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A relay node RN, wherein the RN comprises an input apparatus, an output apparatus, a memory and a processor, whereinthe memory is configured to store a program, and the processor is configured to invoke the program to execute the following steps:
sending an indication message to a donor eNodeB DeNB by using the output apparatus, wherein the indication message is used to indicate whether the RN supports data stream aggregation;
when the DeNB determines, according to the indication message, that the RN supports data stream aggregation, receiving, by using the input apparatus, a request sent by the DeNB, wherein the request is used to request to communicate with user equipment UE by means of data stream aggregation between the RN and the DeNB;
reconfiguring a bearer between the RN and the DeNB according to the request; and
instructing, by using the output apparatus, the DeNB to communicate with the UE by means of the data stream aggregation between the DeNB and the RN.

US Pat. No. 10,349,458

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION METHOD FOR PERFORMING A PLURALITY OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS BY PERFORMING TIME DIVISION MULTIPLEXING

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A wireless communication device comprising:a wireless communication circuit that performs a plurality of wireless communications by switching the wireless communications by performing time division multiplexing of channels used for the wireless communications; and
a processor that causes the wireless communication circuit to perform a first wireless communication for wirelessly communicating via a relay device which is different from the wireless communication device and a second wireless communication for wirelessly communicating with a wireless terminal through a Peer to Peer system,
the wireless communication circuit performing the time division multiplexing of a first channel and a second channel, the first channel corresponding to the first wireless communication, the second channel corresponding to the second wireless communication,
wherein the wireless communication circuit determines a length of an allocation time period to be allocated to at least one of the first channel and the second channel according to both a transmission amount of data of the first channel and a transmission amount of data of the second channel during performing of the time division multiplexing, and switches between the first channel and the second channel according to the determined allocation time period, and
the wireless communication circuit obtains the transmission amount of data of the first channel in a first frame and the transmission amount of data of the second channel in the first frame, and determines the length of the allocation time period to be allocated to the second channel for a second frame next to the first frame based on the obtained transmission amount of data of the first channel and the obtained transmission amount of data of the second channel, and the first and second frames are not frames for WiMAX.

US Pat. No. 10,349,457

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEAMLESSLY CONNECTING MULTIPLE ELECTRONIC DEVICES IN VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method of connecting multiple electronic devices to an audio video navigation (AVN) terminal mounted in a vehicle, the method comprising:receiving a connection request message from a third Bluetooth device in a state in which first and second Bluetooth devices have been connected to the AVN terminal;
searching for a Bluetooth device, connection of which can be released; and
releasing connection to any one of the first and second Bluetooth devices according to a search result and setting connection to the third Bluetooth device.

US Pat. No. 10,349,456

VIDEO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, VIDEO TRANSMISSION TERMINAL, VIDEO RECEPTION TERMINAL, COMMUNICATION METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

11. A communication method, comprising a first step, a second step, a third step, and a fourth step,wherein a video transmission terminal creates a network when the video transmission terminal operates as an access point, and participates in a network created by the access point when the video transmission terminal operates as a station,
in a case in which video transmission information regarding video transmission is received from a video reception terminal while the video transmission terminal operates as the station and the video transmission terminal participates in a first network, the video transmission terminal is disconnected from the first network in the first step,
after the video transmission terminal is disconnected from the first network, the video transmission terminal starts an operation as the access point and creates a second network in the second step,
in the third step, the video transmission terminal establishes a video session with the video reception terminal,
in the fourth step, the video transmission terminal transmits a video to the video reception terminal with which the video session is established after the video session is established, and
the first network is a network created by a terminal different from the video transmission terminal and the video reception terminal, and the video reception terminal that transmits the video transmission information is a terminal that has participated in the first network and of which the video session has not been established with the video transmission terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,349,455

METHOD FOR DATA COMMUNICATION BETWEEN NAN DEVICES, AND NAN DEVICE FOR PERFORMING DATA COMMUNICATION

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A data communication method between neighbor awareness networking (NAN) devices, the method comprising:receiving, by a first NAN device, a service discovery frame from a second NAN device,
wherein the service discovery frame includes traffic indication map (TIM) window offset information for configuring a start point of a TIM window (TW) and TIM window duration information for configuring a duration of the TW;
transmitting, by the first NAN device having received the service discovery frame, a TIM element to the second NAN device, in response to a user's action,
wherein the TIM element is transmitted during the duration of the TW, and
wherein the TIM element includes information related to data being buffered for the second NAN device;
performing, by the first NAN device, an authentication procedure and an association procedure with the second NAN device based on a request from the second NAN device having received the TIM element,
wherein the authentication procedure and the association procedure are performed during the duration of the TW, and
wherein when the authentication procedure and association procedure have ended, the TW is capable of ending earlier than the duration of the TW;
receiving, by the first NAN device, a polling frame from the second NAN device; and
transmitting, by the first NAN device, data being buffered for the second NAN device to the second NAN device as a response to the polling frame.

US Pat. No. 10,349,454

SOFTWARE DEMARCATION IN EDGE COMPUTING ENVIRONMENT

1. A method comprising:establishing, by a processing system of a telecommunication service provider network including at least one processor, a first tunnel between the processing system and a virtual machine monitor of a customer premises-based device;
sending, by the processing system, a first instruction to the virtual machine monitor via the first tunnel that causes the virtual machine monitor to instantiate a first service provider application on the customer premises-based device;
receiving, by the processing system, a response from the virtual machine monitor that the first service provider application is instantiated;
establishing, by the processing system, a second tunnel between the processing system and the first service provider application; and
sending, by the processing system, a second instruction to the first service provider application via the second tunnel to configure the first service provider application to operate in a service function chain.

US Pat. No. 10,349,453

COMMUNICATION APPARATUS, COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, COMMUNICATION METHOD AND RECORDING MEDIUM

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A communication apparatus comprising:a processor, and a memory storing instructions that, when the processor executes the instructions, cause the processor to:
transmit first connection request information, which includes information of a network address of the communication apparatus, information of a code indicative of communication with at least one first communication apparatus, and information of a port number for the communication, to one or more apparatuses which are connected to a network which the communication apparatus is connected to;
receive second connection request information which is information that one of the at least one first communication apparatus corresponding to the information of the code of the first connection request information transmits to the network address of the communication apparatus in response to reception of the first connection request information; and
establish a connection to the one first communication apparatus in response to reception of the second connection request information.

US Pat. No. 10,349,451

COMMUNICATION CONTROL METHOD, TERMINAL DEVICE, SERVER DEVICE, AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A terminal device comprising:transmitting and receiving circuitry that:
sends, to a device having a ProSe function and included in a PLMN, a discovery request containing:
a ProSe application ID;
an IMSI of the terminal device; and
a command indicating an announcement;
receives, from the device having the ProSe function, a discovery response as a response to the discovery request, the discovery response containing:
a ProSe application code associated with the ProSe application ID; and
a timer value associated with the ProSe application code;
is able to announce the ProSe application code until a timer using the timer value expires; and
receives, from the device having the ProSe function, a request message including at least the IMSI of the terminal device; and control circuitry that:
starts the timer, upon receiving the ProSe application code associated with the timer value in the discovery response; and
stops the timer based on a reception of the request message,
wherein the discovery request is sent by the terminal device which performs announcing.

US Pat. No. 10,349,450

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR RANDOM ACCESS

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method for operating a communication device, comprising;sending to a network node device a first message including a random access preamble according to ,aa Time Division Duplex, TDD, configuration in a system information block;
receiving from said network node device a second message including a random access response using said random access preamble according to said TDD configuration in said system information block;
wherein said communication device is assigned more than one TDD configurations before initiating a random access procedure and said more than one TDD configurations include said TDD configuration in said system information block and further include at least another TDD configuration informed via dedicated Radio Resource Control signaling.

US Pat. No. 10,349,449

METHOD AND USER EQUIPMENT FOR PERFORMING RANDOM ACCESS PROCEDURE

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for performing, by a user equipment (UE), a random access (RA) procedure in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving, by the UE, physical random access channel (PRACH) configuration information;
determining, by the UE, a part of PRACH resources among PRACH resources configured based on the PRACH configuration information; and
performing, by the UE, the RA procedure using only the determined part of the PRACH resources,
wherein the PRACH configuration information includes a periodicity value N, expressed in number of configured PRACH resources,
wherein the determined part of PRACH resources are every N-th configured PRACH resource, starting from a starting PRACH resource for the RA procedure, among the PRACH resources configured based on the PRACH configuration information,
wherein the starting PRACH resource is a K-th configured PRACH resource after the RA procedure is triggered, and
wherein K=(an identity of the UE) modulo N.

US Pat. No. 10,349,448

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING SIGNAL IN HIGH SPEED TRAIN COMMUNICATION NETWORK

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A terminal of a mobile communication system, comprising:a processor;
a memory; and
a radio frequency unit,
wherein the processor executes a program stored in the memory to perform steps of:
receiving a first downlink signal from a base station in a duration of a downlink pilot time slot (DwPTS) of a special subframe;
transmitting an uplink signal to the base station in a duration of an uplink pilot time slot (UpPTS) of the special subframe without a waiting time after receiving the first downlink signal; and
waiting for a guard time (GT) before receiving a second downlink signal from the base station after the transmission of the uplink signal.

US Pat. No. 10,349,447

RANDOM ACCESS CHANNEL CONFIGURATION

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method, in a network node of a wireless communication system, the method comprising:configuring a first random access channel for transmission of random access messages from a first wireless communication device having a first synchronization accuracy vis-à-vis the network node;
configuring a second random access channel for transmission of random access messages from a second wireless communication device having a second synchronization accuracy vis-à-vis the network node, wherein the second synchronization accuracy is less accurate than the first synchronization accuracy;
transmitting configuration information of at least the second random access channel to the first wireless communication device and to the second wireless communication device;
monitoring the second random access channel; and
in response to detecting a random access message transmitted from the second wireless communication device on the second random access channel, determining a synchronization error of the second wireless communication device and transmitting a random access response to the second wireless communication device, wherein the transmission is compensated based on the determined synchronization error.

US Pat. No. 10,349,446

CHANNEL SENSING IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, TRANSMISSION METHOD BASED ON SAME, AND DEVICE THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for a transmitting node to operate in an unlicensed band in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving a data transmission indication from a control node;
performing a channel sensing-related operation using a back-off counter value in at least one of channel sensing-related operation execution sections set prior to each of a plurality of transmission opportunity units allowed to the transmitting node according to the data transmission indication; and
performing a data transmission according to the data transmission indication in a transmission opportunity unit determined based on the back-off counter value,
wherein a transmission priority is assigned to each of the plurality of the transmission opportunity units,
wherein an offset, determined according to the transmission priority of a corresponding transmission opportunity unit, is added to the back-off counter value, and
wherein the at least one of the channel sensing-related operation execution sections set prior to each of the plurality of transmission opportunity units has a length being adjusted according to the transmission priority assigned to each of the plurality of the transmission opportunity units.

US Pat. No. 10,349,445

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING OR RECEIVING FRAME IN WIRELESS LAN SYSTEM AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method of managing, by a station (STA), a Network Allocation Vector (NAV) in a wireless Local Area Network (LAN) system supporting a High-Efficiency Physical Layer Protocol Data Unit (HE PPDU), the method comprising:receiving a frame including a High-Efficiency Signal A (HE-SIG A) field and a Media Access Control (MAC) header; and
updating the NAV based on a transmission opportunity (TXOP) duration field included in the HE-SIG A field,
wherein a TXOP duration value indicated by the TXOP duration field of the HE-SIG A field is equal to or larger than a MAC duration value indicated by the MAC header, and
wherein the updating the NAV includes setting the NAV of the STA to the TXOP duration value indicated by the TXOP duration field when the TXOP duration value indicated by the TXOP duration field is larger than a current NAV value set in the STA and resetting the NAV of the STA without comparison with the current NAV value when the TXOP duration field indicates a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,349,444

PRIORITY ACCESS TO A PRIORITY ACCESS CHANNEL

Microsoft Technology Lice...

8. A method comprising:receiving, from a channel database service, a portion of an available channel database, the portion of the available channel database including entries for priority access channels and general access channels in a region covered by a system, wherein the entries for the priority access channels include different keys for different priority access channels, wherein each of the keys corresponds to a respective priority level for a respective priority access device of a plurality of priority access devices;
receiving a query for available wireless channels in the region; and
providing, by a processing system, a notification of available wireless channels in the region including an identifier for at least one of the priority access channels and a respective key that is usable to authenticate a priority access device of the plurality of priority access devices for priority access to the priority access channel;
receiving an indication of a change of channel availability in the region; and
providing a notification of the change in channel availability to at least one general access device of a plurality of general access devices and to the channel database service.

US Pat. No. 10,349,443

UNIVERSAL REPEATER, A METHOD OF OPERATING A UNIVERSAL REPEATER AND A NETWORK INCLUDING THE SAME

AIRTIES KABLOSUZ ILETISIM...

1. A universal repeater (UR) comprising:an interface configured to interface wirelessly with a selected uplink along a route between the UR and an access point (AP) in a network having a plurality of candidate uplinks; and
a memory having machine executable code therein that, when executed by a processor, causes the processor to,
determine the selected uplink based on data received from the plurality of candidate uplinks,
instruct the interface to pair with the selected uplink thereby to form an association between the UR and the selected uplink, the data received from the plurality of candidate uplinks being indicative of an end-to-end throughput from the UR to the AP via each of the plurality of candidate uplinks,
determine whether the UR receives data from the AP upstream of the UR within a set amount of time, and
instruct the interface to disassociate any associated user equipment (UE), when the UR does not receive the data from the AP upstream of the UR during a set amount of time, wherein
the disassociated UE associates with the AP or a further UR with a functioning uplink to the AP.

US Pat. No. 10,349,442

CROSS-CARRIER SCHEDULING FOR V2X COMMUNICATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication, comprising:receiving, by a first user equipment (UE), a resource grant on a first carrier for a second carrier, the resource grant assigning resources for the second carrier; and
communicating with a second UE via the second carrier using the granted resources,
wherein the resource grant is received at an nth downlink subframe of the first carrier, wherein the granted resources are valid for an nth+z offset+x offset subframe of the second carrier,
wherein the z offset is associated with a resource grant offset, and
wherein the x offset is associated with a timing offset between the first carrier and the second carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,349,441

TERMINAL DEVICE, INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, AND COMMUNICATION METHOD

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A terminal apparatus comprising:MAC (Medium Access Control) layer processing circuitry configured to and/or programmed to initiate a random access procedure on a first serving cell, and initiate a random access procedure on a second serving cell, and
in a case in which at least one scheduling request is pending, no UL-SCH (uplink shared channel) resources are available for a transmission, the terminal apparatus has a valid PUCCH (Physical Uplink Control Channel) resource for the scheduling request, and a value of a counter is smaller than a predetermined value, increment the value of the counter by 1 and instruct transmission circuitry to transmit the scheduling request on the valid PUCCH resource; and
transmission circuitry configured to and/or programmed to, in a case in which the valid PUCCH resource for the scheduling request is configured only on the second serving cell, transmit the scheduling request on the valid PUCCH resource on the secondary cell, wherein
the MAC layer processing circuitry is further configured to and/or programmed to initiate the random access procedure on the first serving cell out of the first serving cell and the second serving cell, the first serving cell in which the terminal apparatus performed an initial connection establishment procedure and the PUCCH resource for the scheduling request being configured on the second serving cell, in a case in which at least one scheduling request is pending, no UL-SCH resources are available for the transmission, the terminal apparatus has the valid PUCCH resource for the scheduling request, and the value of the counter is equal to or larger than the predetermined value, and
the transmission circuitry is further configured to and/or programmed to
in a case that a HARQ-ACK transmission with PUCCH format 3 in the first serving cell coincides with a scheduling request transmission instance for signaling the scheduling request transmission in the first serving cell in a subframe, transmit the HARQ-ACK and the scheduling request in the subframe on PUCCH resource for the HARQ-ACK in the first serving cell, and
in a case that a HARQ-ACK transmission with PUCCH format 3 in the second serving cell coincides with a scheduling request transmission instance for signaling the scheduling request in the first serving cell in a subframe, transmit the HARQ-ACK in the subframe on PUCCH resource for the HARQ-ACK in the second serving cell and transmit the scheduling request in the subframe in the first serving cell, the scheduling request being a positive scheduling request.

US Pat. No. 10,349,440

FEEDBACK MECHANISM TO ACTIVATE AND/OR DEACTIVATE A SEMI-PERSISTENT SCHEDULING GRANT

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication, comprising:receiving, by a user equipment (UE), a semi-persistent scheduling (SPS) grant from a base station;
generating a feedback protocol data unit (PDU) including an SPS activation acknowledgement or an SPS deactivation acknowledgement;
modifying a transmission characteristic associated with the feedback PDU, wherein the modified transmission characteristic includes at least one of a first transmit power, a transport block (TB) size, or a modulation and coding scheme (MCS); and
transmitting, using the modified transmission characteristic, the feedback PDU to the base station to improve a feedback mechanism for activating or deactivating the SPS grant.

US Pat. No. 10,349,439

RELEASE OF SEMI-PERSISTENT SCHEDULING

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method for releasing semi-persistent scheduling (SPS) for a wireless device, the method being performed in a network node and comprising:transmitting an SPS release message to the wireless device to release uplink SPS;
starting a timer;
when a first condition is true, transmitting a grant for uplink transmission to the wireless device, the first condition being true when at least one of the timer expires and a scheduling request has been received from the wireless device;
receiving a data type indication from the wireless device;
determining that an SPS release message has been correctly received by the wireless device when the scheduling request has been received from the wireless device, the grant has been transmitted, and the data type indication indicates only voice over internet protocol (VoIP) data from the wireless device; and
retransmitting the SPS release message; wherein repetition of the transmitting the SPS release message is performed in parallel to transmitting the SPS release message, starting the timer, transmitting the grant for uplink transmission to the wireless device, receiving the data type indication from the wireless device, and determining that the SPS release message has been correctly received by the wireless device.

US Pat. No. 10,349,438

SCHEDULING ENHANCEMENTS FOR CONTENTION-BASED SHARED FREQUENCY SPECTRUM

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication by a user equipment (UE), comprising:receiving, from a base station, a downlink (DL) grant for a secondary carrier and an uplink (UL) grant for the secondary carrier, wherein the DL grant is received on the secondary carrier and the UL grant is received on a primary carrier, wherein the DL grant and the UL grant are received using a configuration where DL grants are scheduled by self-scheduling on the secondary carrier and UL grants are scheduled by cross-carrier scheduling on the primary carrier;
receiving DL data on the secondary carrier after receiving the DL grant on the secondary carrier; and
transmitting UL data on the secondary carrier after receiving the UL grant on the primary carrier,
wherein the primary carrier is a different carrier than the secondary carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,349,437

METHOD FOR SENDING AND DETECTING DOWNLINK CONTROL INFORMATION, SENDING END, AND RECEIVING END

1. A method for detecting downlink control information, comprising:determining a User Equipment (UE)-specific search space of an enhance Physical Downlink Control Channel (ePDCCH) bearing downlink control information according to a preset interval; wherein the preset interval is determined according to a number of candidate positions of one component carrier at a corresponding aggregation level in a corresponding resource set; and
detecting the downlink control information on a physical resource corresponding to the UE-specific search space;
wherein when performing cross carrier scheduling, the UE-specific search space is generated by adopting the following way:
X=(Mset(L)+1)mod 2, Z=Mset(L)+X, G is 0 or X;wherein Yk represents an initial candidate position of the UE-specific search space, nCI represents a component carrier index, NeCCE represents a total number of enhanced Control Channel Elements (eCCEs) in one resource set, L represents the aggregation level, Mset(L) represents the number of the candidate positions of one component carrier at the corresponding aggregation level in the corresponding resource set, i=0, . . . , L?1, and m represents a candidate set index.

US Pat. No. 10,349,436

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING A BUFFER STATUS REPORT IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for transmitting a buffer status report (BSR) by a terminal in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:determining that a BSR is triggered;
generating a medium access control (MAC) protocol data unit (PDU) for transmission including the BSR, by canceling an all triggered BSRs if the BSR is a regular BSR or a periodic BSR; and
transmitting, to a base station, the MAC PDU including the BSR,
wherein the all triggered BSRs are not canceled if the BSR is a padding BSR.

US Pat. No. 10,349,435

METHOD FOR BASE STATION TRANSMITTING DOWNLINK CONTROL CHANNEL IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for receiving a downlink control channel from a base station (BS) at a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising;determining a minimum number of resource units for aggregation by comparing a downlink bandwidth with a threshold value related to the downlink bandwidth; and
receiving, from the BS, the downlink control channel using an aggregation of one or more of the determined minimum number of resource units,
wherein, when the downlink bandwidth is equal to or larger than the threshold value, the minimum number of the resource units is determined to be 2,
wherein, when the downlink bandwidth is smaller than the threshold value, the minimum number of the resource units is determined to be 1.

US Pat. No. 10,349,434

NETWORK INITIATED DOWNLINK DATA TRANSMISSION FOR STATIC AND NOMADIC DEVICES

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a processing element configured to cause a cellular network entity of a cellular network to:
provide co-located mobility management entity (MME) and serving gateway (S-GW) functionality for static and limited mobility devices of the cellular network, wherein the MME and S-GW functionality for the static and limited mobility devices of the cellular network are combined;
receive an attach request from a wireless device, wherein the attach request indicates that the wireless device is a static or limited mobility device, wherein the indication comprises an indicator value or cause code;
establish a data bearer for the wireless device in response to the attach request;
communicate data with the wireless device using the data bearer;
release the wireless device to an idle mode, wherein context information for the wireless device is stored after releasing the wireless device, wherein the context information for the wireless device is stored based on the indication that the wireless device is a static or limited mobility device; and
in response to received downlink data packets for the wireless device, initiate a downlink data transmission to the wireless device using the stored context information to facilitate more rapid downlink data transmission of the downlink data packets to the wireless device.

US Pat. No. 10,349,433

METHOD FOR RECEIVING A MAC CE FOR CONTENTION-BASED PUSCH IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND A DEVICE THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for a User Equipment (UE) operating in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:configuring a Contention Based (CB) grant and a CB-Radio Network Temporary Identifier (RNTI) related to the CB grant;
transmitting a Medium Access Control (MAC) Protocol Data Unit (PDU) including an identifier of the UE and CB grant occupancy information based on the CB grant,
wherein the CB grant occupancy information is related to the CB grant, and
wherein the CB grant is for resources and is allowed for more than one UE to transmit a MAC PDU including a UE identifier to a Base Station (BS);
receiving a CB MAC Control Element (CE) including the CB grant occupancy information configured by a Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) addressed to the CB-RNTI in response to the MAC PDU transmission;
transmitting first uplink data based on the CB grant on a time resource configured by the CB grant occupancy information when the identifier of the UE is included in the CB MAC CE; and
transmitting a Scheduling Request (SR), when second uplink data is transmitted in response to the CB MAC CE, by another UE, on the CB grant for a time duration longer than a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,349,432

SEMI-PERSISTENT SCHEDULING FOR LOW-LATENCY COMMUNICATIONS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication by a wireless node, comprising:establishing a block of semi-persistent scheduling (SPS) resources in each of a plurality of transmission time intervals (TTIs) for transmission of priority traffic;
determining that a level of priority traffic to transmit during a first TTI of the plurality of TTIs is below a priority traffic threshold; and
transmitting a per-TTI release signal, in a preceding TTI of the plurality of TTIs that occurs prior to the first TTI, to indicate that the block of SPS resources in the first TTI is released from being reserved for the priority traffic.

US Pat. No. 10,349,431

RADIO COMMUNICATION NETWORK WITH MULTI THRESHOLD BASED SLA MONITORING FOR RADIO RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A radio communication network, comprising:a network orchestration entity, configured to orchestrate a plurality of network resources to set up at least two logical networks of a plurality of logical networks based on respective logical network-specific service level agreements (SLAs);
a radio scheduler, configured to schedule radio resources of the at least two logical networks based on a scheduling strategy;
a monitoring entity, configured to monitor performance information from the at least two logical networks; and
a controller, configured to:
determine SLA metrics for the at least two logical networks based on the monitored performance information from the at least two logical networks;
detect a threshold violation of an SLA metric with respect to a set of thresholds associated with a first logical network of the at least two logical networks; and
adjust the scheduling strategy based on the detected threshold violation.

US Pat. No. 10,349,430

DEJITTERING SYSTEM

Vasona Networks, Inc., A...

1. A system, comprising:a network interface; and
a processor, configured to reduce jitter in a cellular communication network caused by a variable amount of time required for a packet, which is communicated over the cellular communication network by a source communication terminal to a target communication terminal, to pass through a core network of the cellular communication network, by:
receiving the packet, via the network interface, both at a first time, before the packet passes through the core network, and at a second time, after the packet has passed through the core network,
calculating a delay duration based on a difference between the second time and the first time,
delaying the packet by the calculated delay duration, and
subsequently to delaying the packet, releasing the packet,
wherein the processor is configured to calculate the delay duration by:
subsequently to receiving the packet at the first time, recording the first time, in association with an identifier of the packet, in a memory,
retrieving the first time from the memory using the identifier of the packet, in response to receiving the packet at the second time,
subsequently to retrieving the first time, calculating the difference between the second time and the first time, and
calculating the delay duration, by subtracting the calculated difference from a target latency.

US Pat. No. 10,349,429

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FREQUENCY REDIRECTION IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. An apparatus configured to access a communication system using first system information associated with a first frequency providing a first radio measurement, comprising:processing circuitry configured to:
receive an instruction to evaluate at least one frequency in accordance with a threshold and a hysteresis;
perform a second radio measurement over a second frequency without reading second system information associated with said second frequency;
determine if said second radio measurement exceeds said threshold;
access said communication system using said second system information associated with said second frequency when said second radio measurement exceeds said threshold;
perform a third radio measurement over a third frequency when said second radio measurement is less than or equal to said threshold and without reading third system information associated with said third frequency;
determine if said third radio measurement exceeds said threshold;
access said communication system using said third system information associated with said third frequency when said third radio measurement exceeds said threshold; and
determine if said third frequency is a final frequency under evaluation when said third radio measurement is less than or equal to said threshold;
compare said third radio measurement to said second radio measurement and said first radio measurement plus said hysteresis if said third frequency is said final frequency under evaluation.

US Pat. No. 10,349,428

DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD AND DATA TRANSMISSION DEVICE FOR DENSELY LOCATED RECEIVERS IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A communication method of a first terminal in a mobile communication system, the method comprising:receiving, from a second terminal, information on the second terminal;
transmitting, to a base station, a first message for the second terminal based on the information on the second terminal, wherein the first message requests an identifier of the second terminal, and the identifier of the second terminal is used for decoding a control channel configured by the base station for the second terminal;
receiving, from the base station, a second message including the identifier of the second terminal in response to the first message;
transmitting, to the second terminal, a third message including the identifier of the second terminal; and
transmitting, to the base station, channel information between the base station and the first terminal based on a reference signal received from the base station,
wherein downlink data for the second terminal is transmitted from the base station to the second terminal on a data channel configured by the base station for the second terminal based on the channel information,
wherein the second terminal receives information on the data channel configured by the base station for the second terminal on the control channel from the base station, and
wherein the control channel configured by the base station for the second terminal is decoded by the second terminal to acquire the information on the data channel configured by the base station for the second terminal based on the identifier of the second terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,349,427

METHOD FOR SCHEDULING CLOSED LOOP INFORMATION IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A method for determining a transmission schedule for one or more transmissions from a first node to a first set of one or more child nodes in a multi-hop wireless network, wherein each node is a child node to a corresponding parent node, each child node being configured to receive messages originating from a sink node via its corresponding parent node and wherein the method comprises a parent node of the first node:listening for signals indicating scheduled timeslots for transmission between nodes in the network and, if a signal is detected, updating a record of scheduled transmissions;
receiving from the first node a preliminary schedule specifying one or more timeslots for transmission to each of the first set of one or more child nodes;
determining, based on the record of scheduled transmissions, whether the preliminary schedule includes any scheduled transmissions that would conflict with any scheduled transmissions in the record of scheduled transmissions or whether the length of the preliminary schedule can be reduced without conflicting with any other scheduled transmissions in the record of scheduled transmissions; and
responsive to a determination that there would be a conflict or that the length of the preliminary schedule can be reduced without conflict:
determining an updated schedule for the first node by determining a set of scheduled timeslots that minimises the number of scheduled timeslots without conflicting with any of the scheduled transmissions in the record of scheduled transmissions; and
sending the updated schedule to the first node to assign the updated schedule to the first node.

US Pat. No. 10,349,426

WIRELESS NETWORK SCHEDULING METHOD, ACCESS DEVICE, AND WIRELESS NETWORK

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A wireless network scheduling method, comprising:determining, by a second access device, a serving cell subset to which a terminal belongs, wherein the terminal is a destination terminal to which the second access device sends downlink data, the serving cell subset is a set of serving cells that can be accessed by the terminal, and each serving cell corresponds to a respective first access device;
sending, by the second access device, downlink data and downlink scheduling information to a first access device corresponding to a serving cell in the serving cell subset, wherein the downlink scheduling information is for instructing the first access device to send the downlink data to the terminal;
sending, by the second access device, uplink scheduling information to the first access device, wherein the uplink scheduling information is for granting the terminal permission to send uplink data on a resource specified by the uplink scheduling information;
receiving, by the second access device, uplink data forwarded by the first access device;
sending, by the second access device, first configuration information to the first access device, wherein the first configuration information is for configuring the first access device and/or the terminal to send an uplink grant acknowledgment message when there is no uplink data, the uplink grant acknowledgment message indicating that there is no uplink data.

US Pat. No. 10,349,425

RESOURCE OBTAINING METHOD, STATION AND COMPUTER STORAGE MEDIUM

1. A resource obtaining method, comprising:performing monitoring for a time length of T4 on an unlicensed carrier
upon finding that the unlicensed carrier is idle through monitoring, performing a fallback operation with a contention time window to obtain a right to use the unlicensed carrier; wherein the fallback operation comprises selecting a random fallback value in a designated contention time window and decreasing the fallback value progressively to 0; and
using the obtained unlicensed carrier resource to transmit data from the start moment of a subframe after the right to use the unlicensed carrier is acquired.

US Pat. No. 10,349,424

EFFICIENT DUAL-MODE OPERATION OF A WIRELESS DEVICE AS AN ACCESS POINT AND A WIRELESS STATION OF RESPECTIVE WLAN NETWORKS

GainSpan Corporation, Sa...

1. A method of operating a wireless device, said method comprising:operating as a wireless station (STA) associated with a first access point (AP) of a first basic service set (BSS) in a first set of intervals, and as a second AP of a second (BSS) in a second set of intervals;
receiving, in a first interval of said first set of intervals, an indication that data is buffered in said first AP for said STA;
determining whether said indication is received later than a pre-determined duration from start of said first interval; and
issuing, in a second interval of said first set of intervals, a request to said first AP for at least some portion of said buffered data, wherein if said indication is received later than said pre-determined duration from start of said first interval, said request is issued as an initial response to said receiving of said indication in said second interval,
wherein said second interval is later than said first interval and separated from said first interval by a third interval, wherein said wireless device operates as said second AP in said third interval, wherein intervals in said first set of intervals alternate with corresponding intervals in said second set of intervals, wherein none of said first set of intervals overlaps with any of said second set of intervals, wherein said wireless device operates in a dual-mode based on time division multiplexing, wherein a bit in a Traffic Indication Map (TIM) of a beacon is received at a time instant in an interval of the first set of intervals earlier than said pre-determined duration from start of said interval.

US Pat. No. 10,349,423

AUTOMATIC WIRELESS NETWORK CHANNEL SELECTION

NETGEAR, INC., San Jose,...

1. A method, comprising:collecting, by a wireless networking device, WLAN and non-WLAN interference information on a plurality of candidate channels; and
selecting a channel among the candidate channels based on weighted grades of the candidate channels, the weighted grades being determined based on the collected WLAN and non-WLAN interference information, wherein the weighted grades include a negative component corresponding to an overlapping portion of a spectrum mask,
wherein the determining comprises:
assigning a weighted negative grade for each overlappingset of associated devices based on signal strength and WLAN activity;
assigning a weighted negative grade for noise that is above a threshold value;
assigning a weighted negative grade for a known non-WLAN interfering source;
assigning a weighted positive grade based on the maximum transmit power of the wireless networking device; and
calculating a summation of grades for difference factors regarding an individual channel of the candidate channels as the weighted grade for the individual channel.

US Pat. No. 10,349,422

SERVER PARTICIPATION IN AVOIDANCE OF INTERFERENCE IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS

Higher Ground LLC, Palo ...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, at a server of a first wireless communication network, a wireless communication originated by a terminal of the first wireless communication network, the wireless communication containing a current geographic location of the terminal as determined by the terminal, wherein the terminal originates the wireless communication according to a terminal-made decision based on pre-loaded information from the server;
determining, by the server, acceptable communication parameters for the terminal to communicate on the first wireless communication network, wherein determining the acceptable communication parameters is based on additional information at the server not pre-loaded onto the terminal;
generating, by the server, an instruction message for the terminal based on the acceptable communication parameters; and
transmitting, by the server, the instruction message toward the terminal to cause the terminal to only continue transmitting according to acceptable communication parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,349,421

RESOURCE ALLOCATION SYSTEM AND METHOD ADAPTED TO IMPLEMENT DEVICE-TO-DEVICE COMMUNICATIONS IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

TELECOM ITALIA S.p.A., M...

1. A method performed by a communication system of a mobile communication network for allocating communication resources for communications performed by a plurality of user equipments in at least a cell managed by a base station of the mobile communication network, the method comprising:a) receiving a list of all of a plurality of communications to be carried out among the plurality of user equipments within one transmission time interval (TTI);
b) receiving a first indication about an amount of available communication resources;
c) obtaining information about interfering communications among the plurality of user equipments based on all communications occurring in at least the cell of the mobile communication network and based on the plurality of communications to be carried out; and
for all of the plurality of communications among the plurality of user equipments to be performed within the one TTI and to which communication resources have to be allocated:
d) receiving a second indication about an available communication rate for an infrastructure-based communication and for a device-to-device communication;
e) receiving a third indication about a requested communication rate for each of the plurality of communications to be performed within the one TTI;
f) making a selection between an infrastructure-based communication type or a device-to-device communication type based on the first, second and third indications and the information about interfering communications; and
g) allocating communication resources to all of the plurality of communications to be performed within the one TTI on the basis of the selection between an infrastructure-based communication type or a device-to-device communication type.

US Pat. No. 10,349,420

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NETWORK SCHEDULING

MEDIATEK INC., Hsinchu (...

1. A control apparatus, comprising:transceiver circuitry configured to transmit/receive signals from a plurality of terminal devices using a shared channel; and
processing circuitry configured to:
determine (i) a first distance between the control apparatus and a first terminal device and (ii) a second distance between the control apparatus and a second terminal device, the second distance being longer than the first distance,
allocate a first resource element of a first frequency to the first terminal device and a second resource element of a second frequency to the second terminal device, the second frequency being closer to the center frequency of the shared channel than the first frequency, and
communicate, via the transceiver circuitry, with the first and second terminal devices according to the allocation.

US Pat. No. 10,349,419

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING DOWNLINK CONTROL INFORMATION IN A MIMO WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method of receiving, at a user equipment (UE), a downlink signal from a base station in a wireless communication system supporting downlink multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) transmission, the method comprising:receiving downlink control information including an indication field indicating one state among a plurality of states respectively indicating different number of layers where one or two enabled codewords of downlink MIMO transmission are mapped or identical number of layers where the one or two enabled codewords of downlink MIMO transmission are mapped and different information identifying UE-specific reference signals for demodulating the downlink data; and
receiving downlink data based on the downlink control information.

US Pat. No. 10,349,418

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MANAGING UTILIZATION OF WIRELESS RESOURCES VIA USE OF A REFERENCE SIGNAL TO REDUCE DISTORTION

1. A method, comprising:receiving, by a network element of a distributed antenna system, instructions in a control channel, the instructions directing the network element to convert a first modulated signal from a first carrier frequency to a first spectral segment;
receiving, by the network element, a reference signal and the first modulated signal at the first carrier frequency, the first modulated signal including first communications data provided by a base station and directed to a mobile communication device;
converting, by the network element, the first modulated signal at the first carrier frequency to the first modulated signal in the first spectral segment, wherein the network element utilizes the reference signal to reduce distortion during the converting; and
wirelessly transmitting, by the network element, the first modulated signal at the first spectral segment to the mobile communication device.

US Pat. No. 10,349,417

SYSTEM AND METHODS TO COMPENSATE FOR DOPPLER EFFECTS IN MULTI-USER (MU) MULTIPLE ANTENNA SYSTEMS (MAS)

REARDEN, LLC, Mountain V...

1. A multiuser (MU) multiple antenna system (MAS) comprising:a plurality of users;
a plurality of distributed transceiver stations or antennas cooperatively precoding a plurality of data streams to create a plurality of concurrent non-interfering data links with the users;
one or more centralized units communicatively coupled to the plurality of distributed transceiver stations or antennas via a network;
the network comprising wireline or wireless links or a combination of both, employed as a backhaul communication channel;
the one or more centralized units communicating with the distributed transceiver stations or antennas over the network to adaptively reconfigure communications between the distributed transceiver stations or antennas and users to compensate for Doppler effects due to user mobility or changes in the propagation environment.

US Pat. No. 10,349,416

DEVICE-TO-DEVICE RADIO RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A method of indicating radio resources in accordance with a radio resource allocation mode to a mobile radio communications device that supports device-to-device communication within a wireless communication network environment, wherein the mobile radio communications device can operate in two modes for resource allocation comprising a scheduled resource allocation mode and an autonomous resource selection mode, and wherein the mobile radio communication device is configured to use scheduled resource allocation, the method including:signaling, by the mobile radio communications device to a base station, a buffer status report (BSR);
signaling, from the base station to the mobile radio communications device a first configuration information element (IE) using a system information block (SIB), the first configuration IE identifying a pool of radio resources to be used in the autonomous resource selection mode for the device-to-device communication;
signaling, from the base station to the mobile radio communications device, a second configuration IE defining a time period, using RRC dedicated signaling,
the mobile radio communications device beginning to use the autonomous resource selection, using the pool identified by the first configuration IE, when currently configured to use scheduled resource allocation,
signaling, from the base station to the mobile radio communications device a third configuration IE for configuring a communication metric, a measured value of the communication metric being to be reported by the mobile radio communications device; and
signaling, by the mobile radio communications device to the base station, a report reporting the measured value of the communication metric configured by the third configuration IE;
wherein the mobile radio communications device uses, based on the measurement value of the communication metric, the pool identified by the first configuration IE for the time period defined by the second configuration IE signaled by the base station using the RRC dedicated signaling.

US Pat. No. 10,349,415

POWER HEADROOM CALCULATION APPARATUS AND A POWER HEADROOM CALCULATION METHOD

SUN PATENT TRUST, New Yo...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:at least one input port, which, in operation, receives an input; and
a circuit coupled to the at least one input port, which, in operation:
receives control information that is transmitted using a Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) or a higher layer;
calculates a power headroom of an uplink channel based on parameter information including the received control information;
calculates a transmission power of the uplink channel using the parameter information that was used to calculate the power headroom of the uplink channel, wherein the power headroom of the uplink channel corresponds to the power headroom which is calculated when an accumulated value of a Transmit Power Control (TPC) command is zero, wherein a value of the TPC command is used to control the transmission power, wherein the power headroom which is calculated when the accumulated value of the TPC command is zero is obtained by subtracting, from a maximum transmission power (Pcmax), a value calculated using at least part of the parameter information except a transmission power accumulated value that is calculated using the TPC command transmitted on the PDCCH; and
controls an uplink transmission power using the calculated power headroom of the uplink channel.

US Pat. No. 10,349,414

SCHEDULED TRANSMISSION IN CELLULAR COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method for scheduling transmission from a plurality of network nodes, the plurality of network nodes comprising a first network node and a second network node, the method comprising:acquiring, by a network entity comprising a processor, a memory, and one or more of a transmitter and a receiver, first beamforming information from the first network node, the first beamforming information indicating a first set of spatial sectors within which the first network node is configured to transmit using a first set of directional beams, the first set of directional beams comprising at least a first directional beam;
acquiring, by the network entity, second beamforming information from the second network node, the second beamforming information indicating a second set of spatial sectors within which the second network node is configured to transmit using a second set of directional beams, the second set of directional beams comprising at least a second directional beam;
based on at least the first beamforming information and the second beamforming information, determining that the first network node and the second network node are configured to transmit within an overlapping sector;
based on at least the first beamforming information and the second beamforming information, determining, by the network entity, a beamforming pattern for the plurality of network nodes according to which concurrent received power from all but one of the plurality of network nodes is below a threshold interference power level in the overlapping sector, the beamforming pattern comprising (i) a first indication for the first network node to transmit using the first directional beam, and (ii) a second indication for the second network node to transmit using the second directional beam, wherein determining the beamforming pattern comprises:
determining, based on the first beamforming information, a first plurality of available directional beams with which the first network node is configured to transmit, the first plurality of available directional beams comprising at least a first directional beam and a second directional beam, each directional beam of the first plurality of available directional beams being configured to transmit within a respective spatial sector;
determining, based on the second beamforming information, a second plurality of available directional beams with which the second network node is configured to transmit, the second plurality of available directional beams comprising at least a third directional beam and a fourth directional beam, each directional beam of the second plurality of available directional beams being configured to transmit within a respective spatial sector;
based on at least the first plurality of available directional beams and the second plurality of available directional beams, determining, by the network entity, a plurality of possible beamformer states comprising at least a first beamformer state and a second beamformer state, the first beamformer state indicating use of at least the first directional beam by the first network node and the third directional beam by the second network node, the second beamforming state indicating use by the first network node of at least the second directional beam instead of the first directional beam and use by the second network node of at least the fourth directional beam instead of the third directional beam;
determining, by the network entity, a set of non-desired beamformer states;
defining, by the network entity, the beamforming pattern by selecting at least one of the possible beamformer states that is not among the set of non-desired beamformer states;
transmitting to the first network node a first instruction to transmit according to the determined beamforming pattern; and
transmitting to the second network node a second instruction to transmit according to the determined beamforming pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,349,413

ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS FOR WIRELESS LOCAL AREA NETWORK

Marvell World Trade Ltd.,...

1. A method, comprising:assigning, at a first communication device, a plurality of different orthogonal frequency division multiplex (OFDM) tone blocks for a wireless local area network (WLAN) communication channel to a plurality of other communication devices including i) assigning a first OFDM tone block and a second OFDM tone block to a second communication device, and ii) assigning a third OFDM tone block to a third communication device, wherein:
the first OFDM tone block spans a first frequency bandwidth less than 20 MHz,
the third OFDM tone block spans a second frequency bandwidth less than 20 MHz,
the first OFDM tone block and the third OFDM tone block are within a first subchannel that spans a frequency bandwidth of 20 MHz,
the second OFDM tone block overlaps with a second subchannel that spans a frequency bandwidth of 20 MHz, and
the third OFDM tone block is between the first OFDM tone block and the second OFDM tone block in frequency; and
generating, at the first communication device, an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) physical layer (PHY) data unit for transmission in the WLAN communication channel, including:
generating a PHY preamble of the OFDMA PHY data unit that spans at least the first subchannel and the second subchannel, and
generating a PHY data portion of the OFDMA PHY data unit, the PHY data portion including respective independent data for the plurality of other communication devices modulated to respective OFDM tone blocks, including i) first data for the second communication device modulated to a) the first OFDM tone block within the first subchannel and b) the second OFDM tone block that overlaps with the second subchannel, and ii) i) second data for the third communication device modulated to the third OFDM tone block within the first subchannel.

US Pat. No. 10,349,412

COMMUNICATION CONTROL APPARATUS, COMMUNICATION CONTROL METHOD, AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:circuitry configured to
obtain parameters to calculate a coverage area of secondary systems from a secondary usage node operating the secondary systems on a frequency channel allocated to a primary system;
calculate the coverage area of the secondary systems using the parameters; and
generate coverage information in a bitmap form, the coverage information indicating whether each block in a plurality of geographical blocks belongs to the coverage area.

US Pat. No. 10,349,411

ASSIGN BAND MODES AND CHANNELS TO WIRELESS NODES

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A method comprising:assigning a wireless band mode, selected from a dual band mode and a high frequency band mode to each node of the plurality of wireless nodes by:
identifying a node of the plurality of wireless nodes on a band mode list;
assigning at least one band mode specified in the band mode list to a radio of the identified node;
assigning a dual band mode to a set of wireless nodes of the plurality of
wireless nodes that each satisfy a baseline coverage when operating on a low frequency band of the wireless band mode;
assigning a high frequency band mode to a set of wireless nodes of the plurality of nodes based on band capacity;
assigning a channel to the radio of the node on the high frequency band based on a band capacity; and
responsive to assigning the channel to the radio on the high frequency band, assigning a channel to each radio of the set of nodes on the low frequency band.

US Pat. No. 10,349,410

METHODS OF UL TDM FOR INTER-ENODEB CARRIER AGGREGATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a user equipment (UE) from a base station, information indicating a first transmission bandwidth (BW) within a total transmission BW wherein the first transmission BW is smaller than or equal to a maximum transmission BW and the maximum transmission BW is smaller than the total transmission BW,
switching, by the UE, a transmission carrier frequency to the first transmission BW, and
transmitting, by the UE, signaling in the first transmission BW.

US Pat. No. 10,349,409

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TRANSMISSION SCHEDULE INSTRUCTION FOR ALLOCATING RESOURCES IN AN UNLICENSED SPECTRUM

BEIJING RUI TUO TECH CO.,...

1. A resource allocation method, comprising:sending, to a user equipment, a scheduling instruction, wherein the scheduling instruction comprises: information that is associated with at least two carriers in an unlicensed spectrum allocated for uplink (UL) data transmission by the user equipment, the at least two carriers being determined according to at least a historical usage status of the unlicensed spectrum comprising a number of times of transmission performed for same type of service;
determining one available carrier in the at least two carriers, wherein, determining the available carrier comprises: performing clear channel assessment on the at least two carriers one after another in a predetermined sequence; determining, once a first carrier is idle, the first carrier as the available carrier and terminating the process of clear channel assessment on other carriers; and
sending a physical indication signal on the at least one available carrier, wherein the physical indication signal is used to occupy the at least one available carrier that is to be used by the user equipment for the UL data transmission.