US Pat. No. 10,401,205

VALVE INCORPORATING A FLOWMETER FOR MEASURING A FLOW OF FLUID INSIDE SAME

YZATEC, Blagnac (FR)

1. Valve comprising:a body,
a closure member,
a closure member control rod, said control rod extending inside the body at least partially within a fluid flow area and comprising at least one flowmeter in said flow area,
wherein said control rod comprises a first driving control rod, coupled to an actuator of the valve, and a second driven control rod, coupled to the closure member, and wherein said at least one flowmeter comprises:
a tubular body having two axial ends, a first axial end of the flowmeter being mounted on one end of the driving control rod and a second axial end of the flowmeter being mounted on a second end of the driven control rod,
a flow measuring device supported by the tubular body and associated with the tubular body so as to enable a flow of fluid flowing outside the tubular body to be measured,
an electrical connection extending outside of the tubular body and passing through the tubular body by at least one fluid-tight passage.

US Pat. No. 10,401,852

TELEOPERATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRAJECTORY MODIFICATION OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

Zoox, Inc., Foster City,...

1. An autonomous vehicle comprising:one or more processors;
a communication interface, the communication interface configured to establish a communications link between the autonomous vehicle and one or more other devices or autonomous vehicles;
one or more sensors; and
memory having stored thereon processor-executable instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, configure the autonomous vehicle to perform operations comprising:
obtaining sensor data from at least one of the one or more sensors;
determining, based at least in part on the sensor data, that an event has occurred;
determining, based at least in part on the event, a probability that the autonomous vehicle can continue to navigate to a destination;
determining, an event type of the event;
determining an available bandwidth of the communications link;
transmitting, via the communication interface, based at least in part on the probability being equal to or below a threshold probability and based at least in part on the available bandwidth, a request to a teleoperator, the request including the event type and a representation of the sensor data;
receiving, via the communication interface, a teleoperator command, wherein the teleoperator command is based at least in part on a simulator suggestion, the simulator suggestion indicating that a corresponding teleoperator suggestion run on a simulator mitigates the event, the simulator including a simulated autonomous vehicle encountering a substantially similar representation of the event in a synthetic environment; and
controlling, based at least in part on the teleoperator command, the autonomous vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,405,411

LOCATION-BASED CONFIGURATION OF A LOAD CONTROL DEVICE

Lutron Technology Company...

1. A lighting control device for controlling an intensity of a lighting load, the lighting control device comprising:a load control circuit adapted to be coupled to the lighting load;
a controller configured to control the load control circuit to control the intensity of the lighting load;
a first communication circuit configured to transmit and receive digital messages; and
an identifier-retrieval circuit comprising a second communication circuit, the identifier-retrieval circuit configured to receive a first digital message including an identifier from an identifier-transmitting device when the lighting control device is mounted in close proximity to the identifier-transmitting device, wherein the identifier transmitted by the identifier-transmitting device is representative of a location of the identifier-transmitting device, the identifier-transmitting device adapted to be installed in a fixture in which the lighting control device is installed;
wherein the controller is configured to transmit a second digital message including the identifier via the first communication circuit, and to subsequently receive a third digital message including a configuration setting associated with the identifier via the first communication circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,405,071

LOAD MONITORING SYSTEM FOR WASTE RECEPTACLE BASED ON A SPEED OF POWERTRAIN

Rubicon Global Holdings, ...

1. A system for monitoring waste collected by a service vehicle, comprising:a non-transitory memory;
one or more processors coupled to the non-transitory memory and configured to execute instructions to perform operations comprising:
monitoring, by a sensor, a speed of a powertrain coupled to a service vehicle, the powertrain configured to power a lift actuator of the service vehicle;
determining when the service vehicle is at a service stop; and
determining a weight of waste inside a receptacle when the service vehicle is at the service stop based on signals from the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,404,908

OPTICAL SYSTEMS AND METHODS SUPPORTING DIVERSE OPTICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL FUNCTIONS

Rambus Inc., Sunnyvale, ...

1. A system for imaging a scene, the system comprising:at least one photodetector array having a first region of pixels and a second region of pixels;
a first phase grating overlying the first region of pixels, the first phase grating and the first region of pixels collectively exhibiting a first impulse response, the first region of pixels to sample first image data modulated by the first phase grating and representing the scene;
a second phase grating overlying the second region of pixels, the second phase grating and the second region of pixels exhibiting a second impulse response different from the first impulse response, the second region of pixels to sample second image data modulated by the second phase grating and representing the scene; and
circuitry to perform a first computational function on the first image data and a second computational function different from the first computational function on the second image data.

US Pat. No. 10,404,763

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INTERACTIVE AND REAL-TIME VISUALIZATION OF DISTRIBUTED MEDIA

Mersive Technologies, Inc...

10. A system for indicating if a particular media source is being inspected by at least one of a plurality of interconnected computers, comprising:a host computer including a memory configured to store:
a media source stream from a source computer of the plurality of interconnected computers,
a selection of the first media source stream received from a destination computer of the plurality of interconnected computers,
first metadata defining a first viewing event including a user name, a time of selection of the media source stream, and indicia of the media source stream selected,
second metadata defining a second viewing event when the transmitted media source stream is no longer being displayed at the destination viewer,
computer readable instructions that when executed by a processor of the host computer:
(1) transmit the media source stream to the destination computer in response to the selection,
(2) transform the first and second metadata into viewing statistics, and
(3) send the viewing statistics to a moderator computer, the moderator computer being one of the interconnected computers, the viewing statistics including an indicator identifying the destination computer when a time between the first event and the second viewing event is greater than a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,404,626

METHOD FOR RESETTING A PACKET PROCESSING COMPONENT TO AN OPERATIONAL STATE

Juniper Networks, Inc., ...

1. A network device, comprising:one or more memories; and
one or more processors, communicatively coupled to the one or more memories to:
receive traffic associated with one or more services,
wherein the traffic is received by a plurality of packet processing components;
store state information for each of the plurality of packet processing components, while the plurality of packet processing components are receiving the traffic,
wherein the state information for a packet processing component, of the plurality of packet processing components, includes:
state configuration information for the packet processing component, and
internal storage information for the packet processing component, and
wherein the state information is stored using a data structure that is internal to the network device and external to the packet processing component;
detect an error that prevents the packet processing component from processing at least a portion of the traffic; and
execute, based on detecting the error that prevents the packet processing component from processing at least the portion of the traffic, a recovery procedure that uses the state information to reset the packet processing component to an operational state,
wherein the one or more processors, when executing the recovery procedure, are to:
disable the packet processing component,
obtain the state configuration information from the data structure,
restore configuration instructions for the packet processing component using the state configuration information,
obtain the internal storage information from the data structure,
restore register values to a set of internal registers using the internal storage information, and
re-enable the packet processing component.

US Pat. No. 10,404,470

SIGNATURE VERIFICATION OF FIELD-PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAY PROGRAMS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A method implemented by a computing device, the method comprising:obtaining a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) program that is configured to program FPGAs of a host device to provide functionality of a hardware-implementation of a respective program or of a respective device in response to receiving, from a virtual machine, a request requesting the functionality furnished by the FPGAs of the host device;
determining whether the FPGA program is trusted to program the FPGAs without crashing the host device by verifying a digital signature associated with the FPGA program based on a list of FPGA-program providers that are trusted, wherein the list of FPGA-program providers is maintained to make trust determinations;
responsive to a determination that the FPGA program is trusted to program the FPGAs without crashing the host device, loading the FPGA program to program the FPGAs to provide the functionality; and
generating a virtual device to furnish the functionality to the virtual machine by relaying data between the virtual machines and the programmed FPGAs based on a mapping of inputs of the generated virtual device to portions of the FPGAs programmed as inputs.

US Pat. No. 10,404,440

METHOD, USER EQUIPMENT, AND BASE STATION FOR TRANSMITTING CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method for providing aperiodic channel state information (CSI) feedback in a network utilizing carrier aggregation, the method comprising:receiving, by a user equipment, a scheduling grant command from a base station, the scheduling grant command indicating a data channel on an uplink carrier that is to be used for uplink data communications;
determining, by the user equipment, an index identifying one downlink carrier based on an index identifying the uplink carrier, wherein the index identifying the one downlink carrier is equal to the index identifying the uplink carrier; and
sending, by the user equipment to the base station through the data channel, aperiodic CSI of the one downlink carrier, corresponding to the determined index, of a plurality of downlink carriers configured for the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,404,313

LOW NOISE AMPLIFIERS WITH OUTPUT LIMITING

Analog Devices, Inc., No...

1. A radio frequency (RF) communication system with controllable downstream circuit protection, the RF communication system comprising:a low noise amplifier (LNA) configured to amplify an RF input signal to generate an RF output signal; and
a downstream circuit configured to receive the RF output signal from the LNA,
wherein the LNA comprises a controllable output limiter configured to limit the RF output signal from the LNA with a controllable amount of output limiting; and
wherein the controllable output limiter comprises one or more diodes configured to provide rectification to the RF output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,404,308

MILLIMETER WAVE ANTENNA MANAGEMENT

MOTOROLA MOBILITY LLC, C...

1. A mobile electronic communications device having millimeter wave antenna management, the mobile electronic communications device comprising:a plurality of mm-wave antennas on the device, including a first mm-wave antenna and one or more other mm-wave antennas;
a sensor array associated with the first mm-wave antenna, the sensor array including at least a thermal sensor;
a mm-wave transceiver configured to transmit via enabled ones the plurality of mm-wave antennas; and
a processor configured to determine via the sensor array whether a human presence exists within a predetermined sense distance of the first mm-wave antenna and whether any of the one or more other mm-wave antennas on the device are enabled, and to selectively enable and disable the first mm-wave antenna based on whether a human presence exists within the predetermined sense distance of sensor array and whether any of the one or more other mm-wave antennas on the device are enabled.

US Pat. No. 10,404,307

WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS METHODS AND DEVICES

BEIJING ZHIGU RUI TUO TEC...

20. A device, characterized by comprising a processor and a memory, the memory storing executable instructions, the processor being connected to the memory via a communication bus, and when the device operates, the processor executes the computer executable instructions stored in the memory, so that the device performs operations, comprising: receiving a first wireless signal of a target device in a direction of arrival associated with a transmission path of available transmission paths in an environment; acquiring a historical path quality of the transmission path corresponding to the direction of arrival; in response to the historical path quality being determined to be lower than a threshold selected to reduce radiation exposure to personnel in the environment, prohibiting sending a second wireless signal in a reverse direction of the direction of arrival; and based on the prohibiting, allowing the available transmission paths to converge to a subset of the available transmission paths that reduce the radiation exposure to the personnel in the environment.

US Pat. No. 10,404,272

ENTROPY ENCODING AND DECODING SCHEME

GE VIDEO COMPRESSION, LLC...

1. An apparatus for decoding comprising:a symbol decoder configured to:
obtain, based on codewords from a data stream, a first sequence of source symbols and a second sequence of source symbols, wherein source symbols of the first and second sequences are related to level values of transform coefficients of a transform coefficient block, wherein the symbol decoder is configured to obtain a source symbol of the first sequence using arithmetic context-based entropy coding and a source symbol of the second sequence using Exp-Golomb coding; and
a composer configured to:
compose a sequence of syntax elements having a value range which is sub-divided into a plurality of disjoint portions by, for each syntax element:
obtaining a set of source symbols from the first and second sequences based on a portion of the plurality of disjoint portions associated with the syntax element, and
combining values of the source symbols of the set to determine the value of the syntax element.

US Pat. No. 10,404,264

METHOD OF PERFORMING ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERSION

Analog Devices, Inc., No...

1. A method of performing analog-to-digital conversion using a successive approximation register (SAR) analog-to-digital converter (ADC), comprising:performing bit trials, using a digital-to-analog converter (DAC) circuit of the SAR ADC, to convert a first sample of an analog input signal into an N-bit digital output;
before performing bit trials on a second sample of the analog input signal, comparing the N-bit digital output with a first range, the first range based on the N-bit digital output;
in response to determining that the N-bit digital output is outside the first range, preloading M bits of the N-bit digital output from the first sample plus an offset onto the DAC circuit; and
performing bit trials on a second sample to determine the bits remaining.

US Pat. No. 10,404,258

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE HAVING AN INJECTION-LOCKED OSCILLATOR

Rambus Inc., Sunnyvale, ...

1. A first circuit, wherein the first circuit generates an output clock signal that is used to clock a second circuit, the first circuit comprising:an amplifier to generate an adjusted input clock signal based on an input clock signal;
an injection-locked oscillator (ILO) to generate an ILO output clock signal based on the adjusted input clock signal;
a latch to output the output clock signal based on the ILO output clock signal; and
a control circuit to (1) modify a gain of the amplifier based on power mode information associated with the second circuit, and (2) operate the latch based on enable/disable information associated with the ILO.

US Pat. No. 10,404,051

PROTECTIVE CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR PROTECTING A CIRCUIT

ams AG, Unterpremstaette...

1. A protective circuit comprising:a terminal,
a reference potential terminal,
a protective structure that is arranged between the terminal and the reference potential terminal and is configured to be conductive in the event of an electrostatic discharge, and
a voltage supply circuit that is operable to deliver, in the event of radiofrequency interference, a control signal to a control input of the protective structure with such a voltage value that conduction of the protective structure is prevented,
wherein the voltage supply circuit comprises a switching matrix having:
a first input that is coupled to the terminal,
a second input, to which a supply voltage is fed, and
an output that is coupled to the control input,
wherein the control signal is generated from the higher of the two voltages applied to the first and the second input.

US Pat. No. 10,403,728

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES HAVING FIELD ELECTRODE TRENCHES

Infineon Technologies Aus...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a semiconductor substrate;
needle-shaped trenches in the semiconductor substrate, each needle-shaped trench including a field electrode electrically insulated from the semiconductor substrate;
source doping regions and body doping regions of a transistor arrangement in the semiconductor substrate between neighboring ones of the needle-shaped trenches;
gate trenches extending through the source doping regions and the body doping regions;
a first insulation layer above the semiconductor substrate;
an etch stop layer on the first insulation layer, the etch stop layer being etchable selective to the first insulation layer;
a second insulation layer on the etch stop layer; and
an electrically conductive material on the second insulation layer,
wherein the electrically conductive material contacts the field electrodes, the source doping regions and the body doping regions through openings which extend through the second insulation layer, the etch stop layer and the first insulation layer,
wherein islands of the electrically conductive material are surrounded by portions of the second insulation layer above the gate trenches.

US Pat. No. 10,401,402

SYNCHRONIZED PHASOR MEASUREMENT IN POWER DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS

Aclara Technologies LLC, ...

1. A system, comprising:an electric distribution network;
at least one metering device connected to the electric distribution network; and
a synchronizer device connected to the electric distribution network at a three-phase point thereof and adapted to generate a plurality of beacons each transmitting to the at least one metering device via the electric distribution network, wherein each of the beacons comprises a synchronization pulse adapted to establish a common time reference between the synchronizer device and the at least one metering device, wherein each of the beacons comprises reference phasor data adapted to establish phase references relative to the synchronizer device at the at least one metering device and relative to a time of receiving a previous one of the beacons; and wherein the synchronizer device comprises:
a synchronization pulse generator adapted to generate the synchronization pulse of the beacon;
a coupler adapted to couple the synchronizer device to the electric distribution network and adapted to transmit the beacons on the electric distribution network;
an analog-to-digital converter adapted to sample a voltage on the electric distribution network at the coupler;
a filter detector adapted to detect the transmitted beacons contained in the sampled voltage;
a phase-locked loop adapted to track a phase of the sampled voltage; and
a modulator adapted to modulate a time of detection of the beacons, the phase of the sampled voltage at the time of detection, and an amplitude of the sampled voltage with a second synchronization pulse generated by the synchronization pulse generator to generate a second beacon of the plurality of beacons,
wherein the second beacon enables a phase A metering device, a phase B metering device, and a phase C metering device to each determine a voltage phasor relative to the phase of the voltage at the synchronizer device, and
wherein the second beacon enables the phase A metering device, the phase B metering device, and the phase C metering device to each determine a current phasor relative to the phase of the voltage at the synchronizer device.

US Pat. No. 10,404,059

DISTRIBUTED SWITCHES TO SUPPRESS TRANSIENT ELECTRICAL OVERSTRESS-INDUCED LATCH-UP

Analog Devices, Inc., No...

1. An integrated circuit with distributed latch-up suppression, the integrated circuit comprising:a first power rail;
a second power rail;
a first electrical overstress detection circuit configured to activate a first transient overstress detection signal in response to detecting a transient electrical overstress event between the first power rail and the second power rail;
a first driver circuit configured to buffer the first transient overstress detection signal to generate a first pair of trigger signals including a first trigger signal and a second trigger signal that are logically inverted relative to one another;
a plurality of complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) circuits powered by the first power rail and the second power rail and distributed across the integrated circuit; and
a first plurality of thyristors electrically connected between the first power rail and the second power rail, wherein when the integrated circuit is powered, the first plurality of thyristors are operable to clamp the first power rail and the second power rail in response to activation of the first pair of trigger signals so as to inhibit latch-up of the plurality of CMOS circuits, and to release in response to deactivation of the first pair of trigger signals.

US Pat. No. 10,403,493

DISPLAY PANEL AND METHOD FOR FORMING MICRO COMPONENT SUPPORT

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A method for forming a micro component support, comprising:forming a first sacrificial layer on a carrier substrate, wherein the first sacrificial layer comprises a plurality of first openings, and the first openings expose the carrier substrate;
forming a first support layer on the first sacrificial layer and in the first openings;
forming a second sacrificial layer on the first sacrificial layer and the first support layer, wherein the second sacrificial layer comprises a plurality of second openings, and the second openings expose the first support layer;
forming a second support layer on the second sacrificial layer and in the second openings; and
removing the first sacrificial layer and the second sacrificial layer after forming a micro component on the second support layer.

US Pat. No. 10,403,427

TRANSFORMER

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A transformer comprising, inside a tank:a core that includes a main leg, a side leg, an upper yoke, and a lower yoke; and
a winding wire that is wound around the main leg of the core,
wherein the main leg of the core includes a main wound core having a square cross-section which is formed by winding an amorphous magnetic ribbon, and silicon steel plates which are stacked at four sides of the main wound core,
wherein the silicon steel plates include a pair of stacked core units of the silicon steel plates arranged on opposite side surfaces of the main wound core in a tiered shape in which a width of the silicon steel plates decreases as a distance from the main wound core increases, and
wherein a cross-section of a part, where the winding wire is disposed, in the main leg is approximately a circular shape.

US Pat. No. 10,402,668

INTERACTIVE METHOD, INTERACTIVE APPARATUS, AND USER EQUIPMENT

BEIJING ZHIGU RUI TUO TEC...

1. An interactive method, comprising:acquiring a piece of user input information, wherein the piece of user input information comprises at least two pieces of biometric feature information and at least one piece of input action information corresponding to the at least two pieces of biometric feature information, wherein the at least one piece of input action information comprises at least one of the following information corresponding to the at least two pieces of biometric feature information: moving track information, movement time information, relative motion information, and relative location information;
determining at least two pieces of content respectively corresponding to the at least two pieces of biometric feature information;
determining inter-content operation information corresponding to the at least one piece of input action information; and
performing an interactive operation corresponding to the inter-content operation information, wherein the interactive operation is associated with the at least two pieces of content.

US Pat. No. 10,401,900

USING A STUTTERED CLOCK SIGNAL TO REDUCE SELF-INDUCED VOLTAGE NOISE

Rambus Inc., Sunnyvale, ...

1. A device that supports operation of a synchronous system, the device comprising:a storage structure to store modification information defining a modified timing signal waveform for the synchronous system, wherein the modified timing signal waveform exhibits a different state over a given period of operation that differs from a normal timing signal waveform; and
control logic,
wherein during normal operation of the synchronous system, the control logic is configured to use the normal timing signal waveform to control operation of the synchronous system; and
wherein during a transient period of time associated with a deterministic event that generates a transient power response characteristic within the transient period of time and causing the system to change from using a first timing signal waveform to using the normal timing signal waveform after the transient period, the control logic is configured to use the modified timing signal waveform, to control the operation of the synchronous system, wherein the modified timing signal waveform exhibits a different speed with respect to the first timing signal waveform and the second timing signal waveform.

US Pat. No. 10,401,549

LIGHT FIXTURES WITH WAVEGUIDES

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A light fixture, comprising:a first heat sink;
at least one first light module thermally coupled to the first heat sink;
a second heat sink;
at least one second light module thermally coupled to the second heat sink; and
a curved waveguide comprising:
a first side;
a second side opposite the first side; and
at least one curved portion disposed between the first side and the second side, wherein each of the at least one curved portion is continuous between the first side and the second side, wherein the curved waveguide has a substantially uniform thickness along the first side, through the at least one curved portion, and to the second side,
wherein the at least one first light module is disposed adjacent to the first side and directs light into the curved waveguide through the first side, and
wherein the at least one second light module is disposed adjacent to the second side of the waveguide and directs light into the waveguide through the second side.

US Pat. No. 10,401,478

DETECTING PRESENCE, SIZE, AND DIRECTION OF MOTION OF AN OBJECT USING RADIO-FREQUENCY TECHNIQUES

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

1. An object-detection method comprising:selecting, using a mobile device that includes multiple antenna, a first emission pattern of a first radio frequency (RF) beam for detecting a presence of an object;
selecting, using the mobile device, a first antenna from the multiple antenna to use to transmit the first RF beam, the first antenna being re-purposed from a primary purpose associated with wireless communications with another device to a secondary purpose associated with transmitting or receiving the first RF beam;
transmitting the first RF beam via at least the first antenna;
receiving, using the mobile device, a first reflected radiation signal from the object, the first reflected radiation signal based, at least in part, on the first RF beam;
processing, using the mobile device, the first reflected radiation signal effective to determine the presence of the object;
determining, using the mobile device, a second emission pattern for a second RF beam in a different frequency band than the first RF beam, the second emission pattern based, at least in part, on the presence of the object;
identifying, using the mobile device, a second RF antenna of the plurality of RF antenna to use for transmitting the second RF beam based, at least in part, on the different frequency band;
transmitting, using the mobile device, the second RF beam by replacing the first RF antenna with the second RF antenna to transmit the second RF beam;
receiving, using the mobile device, a second reflected radiation signal from the object, the second reflected radiation signal based, at least in part, on the second RF beam;
processing, using the mobile device, the second reflected radiation signal effective to determine one or more characteristics of the object; and
automatically executing, using the mobile device, at least one action based on the one or more determined characteristics.

US Pat. No. 10,400,996

LED DEVICES FOR OFFSET WIDE BEAM GENERATION

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A light source comprising:a light emitting diode; and
an optic that is disposed adjacent the light emitting diode and that comprises:
a first side oriented to receive light produced by the light emitting diode;
a second side that opposes the first side and that is oriented to emit the light received by the optic via the first side; and
a reflector disposed between the second side and the light emitting diode so as to reflect a portion of the light produced by the light emitting diode, the reflector having a curved shape and extending in an azimuthal angle of approximately 180 degrees about the light emitting diode,
wherein the second side comprises:
a base region that is substantially flat and that meets a bulbous region to form a corner between the bulbous region and the base region, wherein the corner peripherally circumscribes the bulbous region.

US Pat. No. 10,400,296

PROCESS OF MANUFACTURING A STEEL ALLOY FOR RAILWAY COMPONENTS

Amsted Maxion Fundicao e ...

1. A process of manufacturing a steel alloy for railway components, said method comprising the steps of:providing an alloy comprising, in weight percentage, from 0.21 to 0.27 carbon, from 0.80 to 1.20 manganese, from 0.35 to 0.60 silicon, up to 0.02 phosphorus, up to 0.02 sulfur, from 0.55 to 0.65 chromium, from 0.45 to 0.55 molybdenum, from 1.75 to 2.05 nickel, and from 0.005 to 0.030 titanium;
casting the alloy;
normalizing the alloy;
heat treating the alloy; and
tempering the alloy,
wherein the tempering occurs at 400-700° C. for 1-5 hours.

US Pat. No. 10,399,835

METHOD FOR INCREASING THE OPERATING STABILITY OF AN INDUSTRIAL TRUCK

Jungheinrich Aktiengesell...

1. A method for operating an industrial truck having an operating element comprising at least one operating lever and a resetting apparatus configured to interact with the at least one operating lever, the method comprising:generating a resetting force that is dependent on a deflection of the least one operating lever;
determining a vehicle variable indicating a tipping moment;
changing the resetting force when a critical value of the vehicle variable exists for the tipping moment of the industrial truck;
increasing the resetting force as the tipping moment increases;
determining the critical value of the vehicle variable and increasing the resetting force by a locking force at a predetermined deflection such that it is impossible to further actuate the at least one operating lever against the locking force;
wherein the resetting force increases as the tipping moment increases.

US Pat. No. 10,399,747

TOOTHPASTE CAP WITH DENTAL CARE TOOLS

United Arab Emirates Univ...

1. A toothpaste cap with dental care tools, comprising:a hollow body having a closed upper end, an open lower end and a substantially cylindrical sidewall, wherein an exterior surface of the substantially cylindrical sidewall has a groove formed therein;
a cylindrical retaining member mounted to a lower face of the closed upper end within said hollow body; and
a squeezing member releasably received within the groove formed in the exterior surface of the substantially cylindrical sidewall, whereby said cylindrical retaining member is adapted for releasably receiving and sealing a spout of a squeezable tube dispenser, and the squeezing member is adapted for pressing against the squeezable tube dispenser to selectively manipulate contents thereof;
wherein the squeezing member has a pair of opposed longitudinal ends;
an annular disc mounted within the substantially cylindrical sidewall and mounted about the cylindrical retaining member, the annular disc having at least one opening formed therethrough for removably receiving an at least one cleaning head.

US Pat. No. 10,398,835

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADMINISTERING AN INFUSIBLE FLUID

DEKA PRODUCTS LIMITED PAR...

1. A method for delivering an infusible fluid through an infusion pump assembly, the method comprising:administering, through processing logic of the infusion pump assembly, a sequential, multi-part, infusion event using the infusion pump assembly, wherein the sequential, multi-part, infusion event includes a plurality of discrete infusion events;
determining, within the processing logic, whether a one-time infusion event is available to be administered; and
if a one-time infusion event is available to be administered, delaying the administration of at least a portion of the plurality of discrete infusion events included within the sequential, multi-part, infusion event through the processing logic; and
administering, through the processing logic, the one-time infusion event using the infusion pump assembly during which the administration of at least the portion of the plurality of discrete infusion events included within the sequential, multi-part infusion event is delayed.

US Pat. No. 10,398,520

MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGICAL SYSTEM

INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERAT...

1. A patient side support system comprising:a base;
a first link coupled to the base at a first rotational joint, the first rotational joint having a rotational axis around which the first rotational joint rotates;
a platform supported by the first link, the platform having a roll axis around which the platform rotates;
a plurality of manipulator assemblies coupled to the platform;
a plurality of instruments, each of the plurality of instruments being coupled to a different one of the plurality of manipulator assemblies, each of the plurality of instruments including a body and a shaft, the shaft extending from the body; and
a rigid guide tube common to the plurality of instruments;
wherein a first part of the shaft of each individual one of the plurality of instruments extends between the body and the rigid guide tube, and a second part of the shaft of each individual one of the plurality of instruments extends through the rigid guide tube;
wherein the rigid guide tube is positioned so that a remote center of motion point of the platform is located on the rigid guide tube, the remote center of motion point being adjacent a location at which the rigid guide tube is configured to enter a patient;
wherein the rotational axis of the first rotational joint is vertically aligned with and extends through the remote center of motion point;
wherein the roll axis of the platform is aligned with and extends through the remote center of motion point; and
wherein the first part of the shaft of one or more of the plurality of instruments being resiliently bent between the body of the one of the plurality of instruments and the rigid guide tube.

US Pat. No. 10,405,470

PART FEEDING DEVICE AND PART MOUNTING APPARATUS

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A part feeding device which transports a part feeding tape from an upstream side toward a downstream side, and transports the part feeding tape which stores a part in a storage to a part removing position to feed the part stored in the storage to a part mounting apparatus, the part feeding device comprising:a main body in which a transporting passage for guiding the part feeding tape to the part removing position is provided;
a conveyor for transporting the part feeding tape in the transporting passage toward the part removing position to position the storage on the part removing position; and
a part detector for detecting the part stored in the storage in the transporting passage located upstream of the part removing position,
wherein, at a position further upstream than the part detector, the transporting passage includes
a guide surface for guiding a lower surface of the part feeding tape;
a ceiling surface which faces the guide surface and is positioned at a position upwardly apart from the guide surface by a dimension larger than a thickness of the part feeding tape having a maximum thickness to be used in the part feeding device; and
a partial guide surface which supports a lower surface of at least one side portion other than a central portion of the part feeding tape under the ceiling surface of the part detector, and
the partial guide surface includes an approaching portion approaching the ceiling surface in a downstream direction, and a distance between the approaching portion of the partial guide surface and the ceiling surface is decreased from the upstream side toward the downstream side.

US Pat. No. 10,405,469

COMPONENT SUPPLYING DEVICE AND COMPONENT SUPPLYING METHOD

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A component supplying device which transports a carrier tape that stores components and is covered with a cover tape to a component pick-up position, peels off the cover tape before the component pick-up position, and supplies the stored components to a component mounter, the component supplying device comprising:a detector which detects presence or absence of tension acting on the cover tape that has been peeled off from the carrier tape;
a storage unit which stores the presence or absence of tension which is detected by the detector; and
a determination unit which determines a processing operation performed when power which is supplied to the component supplying device is reintroduced,
wherein the determination unit compares presence or absence of tension that is stored when power is turned off with the presence or absence of tension detected when power is reintroduced, and
wherein the determination unit determines the processing operation based on the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,405,468

SHIELD CASE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Toshiba Client Solutions ...

1. A shield case comprising:a frame configured to surround an electronic component and comprising a contact portion at a top of the frame; and
a cover comprising a side plate and a top plate, a groove being formed at a peripheral portion of the top plate, wherein the side plate is outside the frame and the groove contacts the contact portion when the cover is engaged with the frame, and the groove is formed along a whole peripheral portion of the top plate.

US Pat. No. 10,405,467

INTEGRATED THERMAL DOOR COMPONENT FOR HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A head mounted display device comprising: a frame having a leading edge for placing adjacent a face of a user, the frame enclosing a viewing compartment; and a thermal door component coupled to a back surface of a mobile electronic device positioned at a distal end of the viewing compartment, the thermal door component including:a first substantially planar portion for reversibly mating to the back surface of the mobile electronic device; a second portion at least partially forming an opening at an edge of the thermal door component, the first substantially planar portion and the second portion forming an open thermal convection channel within an interior of the thermal door component and contiguous with the opening at the edge of the thermal door component; and a thermally conductive material and a heat sink, a surface of the thermally conductive material and a surface of the heat sink being mated to a back surface of the first substantially planar portion of the thermal door component.

US Pat. No. 10,405,466

POWER-MODULE ASSEMBLY WITH ENDCAP

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of modular assembly comprising:assembling same first and second power-module assemblies that each include a stack of power stages and a manifold;
attaching a first endcap, having manifold cavities and inlet and outlet ports, to the first power-module assembly; and
attaching a second endcap, having manifold cavities and inlet and outlet ports, to the second power-module assembly, wherein the inlet and outlet ports have different placements on the first and second endcaps.

US Pat. No. 10,405,465

TOPOLOGICAL INSULATOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. An electrical device, comprising:an electrical component configured to generate heat during operation of the electrical device; and
a thermal management coating configured to transfer heat from the electrical component by thermal conduction, the thermal management coating comprising a non-carbon based topological insulator, the non-carbon based topological insulator having a thermal conductance ranging from about 10 MW/m2K to about 50 MW/m2K.

US Pat. No. 10,405,464

ELECTRONIC POWER MODULE, ELECTRONIC ARCHITECTURE COMPRISING SAME, VOLTAGE CONVERTER AND ELECTRIC MACHINE COMPRISING SAME

Valeo Systemes de Control...

1. An electronic power module configured to be integrated into a voltage converter, the electronic power module comprising:a plane substrate comprising at least one power trace overmoulded at least in part with electrically insulating material; and
an upper face for receiving at least one electronic component so as to be connected electrically to the at least one power trace,
wherein said plane substrate comprises an upper part comprising the at least one power trace and a lower part comprising at least one open cavity, the bottom of the open cavity being formed at least in part by at least one portion of the at least one power trace.

US Pat. No. 10,405,463

MULTI-ROTOR AERIAL DRONE WITH VAPOR CHAMBER

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An aerial drone, comprising:two or more rotors;
an airflow region of the aerial drone;
a processor operative to control the aerial drone; and
a planar vapor chamber including a first portion mounted to the processor and located within sidewalls of a central housing, and a second portion extending from the first portion through the sidewalls of the central housing and protruding from the sidewalls of the central housing into the airflow region of the aerial drone, the airflow region directly located between the two or more rotors.

US Pat. No. 10,405,462

POWER SUPPLY UNIT HAVING A COLD REDUNDANT COLD DETECTION CAPABILITY

QUANTA COMPUTER INC., Ta...

1. A method of ensuring proper operation of a power supply unit in an electronic device including a system fan, the power supply unit including an internal fan and an AC input, wherein the system fan is located in parallel with the power supply unit, the method comprising: detecting that an AC power is input to the AC input; reducing fan power of the system fan to generate air flow at a level sufficient to allow operation of the internal fan; and restoring the fan power of the system fan to a normal level to generate air flow sufficient to cool the electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,405,461

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FAN PERFORMANCE-BASED SCALING OF THERMAL CONTROL PARAMETERS

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A system comprising:a cooling subsystem for cooling components of an information handling system; and
a thermal manager communicatively coupled to the cooling subsystem and configured to:
receive information regarding a reference performance metric for the cooling subsystem;
based on the reference performance metric, modify at least one thermal control parameter for thermally controlling the information handling system from a baseline setting associated with a hardware configuration of the information handling system; and
thermally control the information handling system in accordance with the at least one thermal control parameter as modified;
wherein the at least one thermal control parameter comprises a system power capping curve for limiting power consumption of the information handling system as a function of temperature, and wherein modifying the system power capping curve comprises applying an offset based on the reference performance metric to a baseline system power capping curve.

US Pat. No. 10,405,460

CIRCUIT BREAKER ARRANGEMENTS

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A circuit breaker arrangement, comprising:a housing;
at least one contact seated in the housing;
at least one lead in electrical communication with the at least one contact and disposed outside of the housing; and
a heat sink in thermal communication with the at least one lead,
wherein the heat sink comprises a sink body with fins and a slot, the slot being disposed on a side of the sink body opposite the fins,
wherein the lead is compressively seated within the slot of the sink body, and
wherein the sink body is a first sink body, and further including a second sink body with a slot, the second sink body is attached to the first sink body such that the slot of the second sink body overlays the slot of the first sink body.

US Pat. No. 10,405,459

ACTUATED IMMERSION COOLED ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLIES

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. An immersion cooled electronics arrangement, comprising:a housing containing a coolant;
an electronic device submerged within the housing and in thermal communication with the coolant;
a variable volume body disposed within the housing;
an actuator operatively connected to the variable volume body and arranged to alter a volume of the coolant displaced by the variable volume body within the housing
a control module communicative with the actuator; and
a sensor arranged to provide a parameter of the coolant to the control module, wherein the control module is responsive to instructions recorded on a non-transitory machine-readable medium to:
determine a parameter of the coolant;
compare the determined parameter with a predetermined parameter target; and
when mismatched, change a volume of coolant displaced by the variable volume body based on the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,405,458

FITTING ASSEMBLY AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A fitting assembly comprising:a movable connector block including a connector coupler to which a connector is to be coupled, the movable connector block configured to be supported by a base;
a floating support connected to the movable connector block and supports the movable connector block swingably relative to the base; and
a protrusion provided to one of the movable connector block and the base, the protrusion including a tip end formed into a half-ball shape that, when the connector is coupled to the connector coupler, comes into contact, in a connecting direction to the connector, with the other one of the movable connector block and the base, and swingably supports the movable connector block pivotally about the tip end, wherein
the other one of the movable connector block and the base includes a protrusion-receiving recess into which the tip end of the protrusion is inserted, a bottom of the protrusion-receiving recess is formed into a half-ball shape having a curvature radius greater than a curvature radius of the tip end of the protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,405,457

APPLIANCE IMMERSION COOLING SYSTEM

Midas Green Technologies,...

1. An appliance immersion cooling system comprising:a tank adapted to immerse in a dielectric fluid a plurality of electrical appliances, each in a respective appliance slot distributed vertically along, and extending transverse to, a long wall of the tank, the tank comprising:
a weir, integrated horizontally into the long wall of the tank adjacent all appliance slots, having an overflow lip adapted to facilitate substantially uniform recovery of the dielectric fluid flowing through each appliance slot; and;
a dielectric fluid recovery reservoir positioned vertically beneath the overflow lip of the weir and adapted to receive the dielectric fluid as it flows over the weir;
a primary circulation facility adapted to circulate the dielectric fluid through the tank, comprising:
a plenum, positioned adjacent the bottom of the tank, adapted to dispense the dielectric fluid substantially uniformly upwardly through each appliance slot;
a secondary fluid circulation facility adapted to extract heat from the dielectric fluid circulating in the primary circulation facility, and to dissipate to the environment the heat so extracted; and
a control facility adapted to coordinate the operation of the primary and secondary fluid circulation facilities as a function of the temperature of the dielectric fluid in the tank.

US Pat. No. 10,405,456

OUTDOOR DISPLAY APPARATUS HAVING ENHANCED TEMPERATURE STABILITY

HYUNDAI IT CO., LTD., Se...

1. An outdoor display apparatus having enhanced temperature stability comprising:a display panel;
a rear bracket having at least one opening for air circulation that is coupled to the display panel; and
a housing for accommodating the rear bracket coupled to the display panel, being coupled to a transparent optical member disposed on a front surface of the display panel and having at least one inlet through which external air is introduced and at least one outlet through which internal air is discharged,
wherein:
the inlet is formed at a lower portion of a rear surface of the housing,
the outlet is formed at an upper portion of a rear surface of the housing, and
air flows through a first clearance space existing between the front surface of the display panel and the transparent optical member, a second clearance space existing between the rear surface of the display panel and the rear bracket having the opening for air circulation, and a third clearance space existing between the rear bracket having the opening for air circulation and the housing, and
wherein, in a circulation mode for circulating internal heat,
an inlet fan formed at a lower portion of the rear bracket to correspond to the inlet formed in the housing operates and a discharge fan formed at an upper portion of the rear bracket to correspond to the outlet formed in the housing stops its operation,
the internal airflows are branched into the first clearance space and the second clearance space,
the airflows branched into the first clearance space rise while absorbing the heat in the first clearance space and move to the third clearance space to descend while absorbing the heat in the third clearance space, and then re-branch into the first clearance space and the second clearance space, respectively, and
the airflows branched into the second clearance space rise while absorbing the heat in the second clearance space and move through the opening formed in the rear bracket to descend in the third clearance space while absorbing heat in the third clearance space, and then re-branch into the first clearance space and the second clearance space, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,405,455

FAN SPEED-ADJUSTMENT POLICY FOR ENTIRE MACHINE CABINET BY PLACING FAN TABLE ON NODE BMC

INSPUR ELECTRONIC INFORMA...

1. A rack fan speed regulation method based on a fan regulation policy table provided in a node BMC, comprising:providing a fan regulation policy table reflecting a rack fan speed regulation policy in a BMC of each node server, wherein the fan regulation policy table is obtained based on a heat dissipation test and comprises different CPU temperatures and different ambient temperatures;
acquiring, by the node BMC, a parameter reflecting a heat dissipation condition of a node motherboard, wherein the parameter comprises a CPU temperature and an intake vent temperature of the node server;
acquiring, by the node BMC based on the speed regulation policy, a fan duty value of a node corresponding to the node BMC based on the CPU temperature and the intake vent temperature of the node server;
sending, by the node BMC, the fan duty value to a node mid-plane;
selecting, by the node mid-plane, a maximum fan duty value from fan duty values of four nodes connected to the node mid-plane and located on a same layer as the node mid-plane, to obtain a fan duty value of the node mid-plane of the layer;
acquiring, by an RMC, the fan duty value of the node mid-plane of each layer from the node mid-plane; and
acquiring, by the RMC, a maximum fan duty value of node mid-planes in an upper half rack and a maximum fan duty value of node mid-planes in a lower half rack, and separately controlling, by the RMC, a fan rotation speed of a fan window corresponding to nodes of the upper half rack and a fan rotation speed of a fan window corresponding to nodes of the lower half rack through a fan control board, to separately control fans in the upper half rack and fans in the lower half rack.

US Pat. No. 10,405,454

STACKABLE SWITCH COOLING SYSTEM

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A device cooling system, comprising:a first device including:
a first device top wall that defines a first device top wall perimeter vent that is located between a first device perimeter and a first device top wall center portion that is free of venting;
a first device bottom wall that is located opposite the first device from the first device top wall, wherein the first device bottom wall defines a first device bottom wall perimeter vent that is located between the first device perimeter and a first device bottom wall center portion that is free of venting; and
a first device heat producing component that is located between the first device top wall center portion and the first device bottom wall center portion; and
a second device that is positioned in a stacked orientation with the first device, wherein the second device includes:
a second device top wall that defines a second device top wall perimeter vent that is located between a second device perimeter and a second device top wall center portion that is free of venting;
a second device bottom wall that is located opposite the second device from the second device top wall, wherein the second device bottom wall defines a second device bottom wall perimeter vent that is located between the second device perimeter and a second device bottom wall center portion that is free of venting; and
a second device heat producing component that is located between the second device top wall center portion and the second device bottom wall center portion,
wherein, in response to operation of the first device and the second device in the stacked orientation, a perimeter airflow is created by:
drawing first fresh air through the second device bottom wall perimeter vent such that the first fresh air flows in a first airflow perimeter around the second device heat producing component;
heating the first fresh air using the second device heat producing component to provide first heated air;
exhausting the first heated air through the second device top wall perimeter vent;
drawing the first heated air that was exhausted through the second device top wall perimeter vent through a first air gap and the first device bottom wall perimeter vent such that the first heated air flows in a second airflow perimeter around the first device heat producing component;
heating the first heated air using the first device heat producing component to provide second heated air; and
exhausting the second heated air through the first device top wall perimeter vent.

US Pat. No. 10,405,453

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CARRIER-LESS STORAGE DEVICE EXTRACTION IN AN INFORMATION HANDLING SYSTEM

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A carrier-less storage shuttle, comprising:a first side having a first guide channel and a second side, the first side and the second side rigidly affixed to an enclosure assembly;
a latch assembly configured to releasably affix a storage device at an engaged position within the enclosure assembly; and
a strap including a first end coupled to the latch assembly, a second end coupled to the second side, and the strap movably coupled within the first guide channel, the strap configured to:
when the storage device is in the engaged position, a bottom surface of the storage device is in contact with the strap, and the latch assembly is unlatched and moved in a generally outward direction from the enclosure assembly, move in the generally outward direction within the first guide channel such that the storage device moves from the engaged position to a disengaged position.

US Pat. No. 10,405,452

RACK COVER ASSEMBLY AND SYSTEM

Level 3 Communications, L...

11. A system for blocking slots in a rack comprising:an upper cover assembly for covering an upper slot in the rack and comprising a first upper side cover and a second upper side cover, the first upper side cover coupling to a first portion of the upper slot in the rack, the second upper side cover coupling to a second portion of the upper slot in the rack, the first upper side cover comprising a first upper side flexible rectangular sheet and a first upper tensioner coupled to the first upper side flexible rectangular sheet, the first upper side flexible rectangular sheet configured to extend and retract from the first portion of the rack, the first upper tensioner exerting a first retraction force that tensions the first upper side flexible rectangular sheet when the first upper side flexible rectangular sheet is extended to cover the first portion of the upper slot in the rack, the second upper side cover comprising a second upper side flexible rectangular sheet and a second upper tensioner coupled to the second upper side flexible rectangular sheet, the second upper side flexible rectangular sheet configured to extend and retract from the second portion of the rack, the second upper tensioner exerting a second retraction force that tensions the second upper side flexible rectangular sheet when the second upper side flexible rectangular sheet is extended to cover the second portion of the upper slot in the rack, the first upper side flexible rectangular sheet and the second upper side flexible rectangular sheet configured to couple to each other when in a first extended state so as to cover the upper slot, and
a lower cover assembly for covering a lower slot in the rack, the lower slot being immediately below the upper slot, the lower cover assembly comprising a first lower side cover and a second lower side cover, the first lower side cover coupling to the first portion of the lower slot in the rack, the second lower side cover coupling to the second portion of the lower slot in the rack, the first lower side cover comprising a first lower side flexible rectangular sheet and a first lower tensioner coupled to the first lower side flexible rectangular sheet, the first lower side flexible rectangular sheet configured to extend and retract from the first portion of the rack, the first lower tensioner exerting a third retraction force that tensions the first lower side flexible rectangular sheet when the first lower side flexible rectangular sheet is extended to cover the first portion of the lower slot in the rack, the second lower side cover comprising a second lower side flexible rectangular sheet and a second lower tensioner coupled to the second lower side flexible rectangular sheet, the second lower side flexible rectangular sheet configured to extend and retract from the second portion of the rack, the second lower tensioner exerting a fourth retraction force that tensions the second lower side flexible rectangular sheet when the second lower side flexible rectangular sheet is extended to cover the second portion of the lower slot in the rack, the first lower side flexible rectangular sheet and the second lower side flexible rectangular sheet configured to couple to each other when in a second extended state so as to cover the lower slot.

US Pat. No. 10,405,451

ZERO-U RACK KEYBOARD AND MONITOR

International Business Ma...

1. A server rack, comprising: a sidewall having at least one fixed rail extending back from a face panel of the sidewall, the face panel extending along a plane oriented perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the at least one fixed rail, the sidewall also having a side panel extending back from the face panel, the side panel being positioned between the at least one fixed rail and an interior of the server rack; an elongated aperture in the face panel of the sidewall; and a retractable terminal configured to extend through the aperture in the face panel of the sidewall on sliding rails configured to slide along the at least one fixed rail in a direction parallel to the sidewall, wherein the retractable terminal includes a display and an input device, the input device being positionable between a deployed position and retracted position, the input device being positioned entirely below the display when the input device is in the deployed position and when the input device is in the retracted position, and wherein a plane extending along the display is oriented vertically, wherein the input device is a keyboard that retracts into a recess positioned along the plane and below the display.

US Pat. No. 10,405,450

HIGH POWER MULTILAYER MODULE HAVING LOW INDUCTANCE AND FAST SWITCHING FOR PARALLELING POWER DEVICES

Cree Fayetteville, Inc., ...

1. A power module, comprising: at least one power substrate; a plurality of power devices electrically connected to the at least one power substrate; the at least one power substrate extending in a width direction and a length direction; a first set of the plurality of power devices arranged in a first row on the at least one power substrate along the width direction; a second set of the plurality of power devices arranged in a second row on the at least one power substrate along the width direction, the first row being positioned at a different position along the length direction of the at least one power substrate then the second row; and a plurality of terminals, each of the plurality of terminals extending in the width direction and the length direction of the at least one power substrate, and each of the plurality of terminals being positioned at a different position along the length direction of the at least one power substrate, wherein the plurality of power devices and plurality of terminals are configured to increase current sharing by the plurality of power devices, wherein a housing arranged on the at least one power substrate; and an isolation structure on and electrically isolated from the at least one power substrate, wherein one of the plurality of terminals is on the isolation structure; and wherein the isolation structure comprises at least one of the following: an embedded isolation component located in the housing, a secondary power substrate arranged on the at least one power substrate, a film isolation component arranged on the at least one power substrate, and a suspension isolation construction located in the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,405,449

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Sony Interactive Entertai...

1. An electronic apparatus comprising:an inner part; and
an armor member disposed on one side in a first direction in relation to the inner part and covering the inner part,
wherein the inner part includes a first edge section and a guide section located on the one side in the first direction in relation to the first edge section,
the armor member includes a peripheral wall section which includes in part thereof a first wall section located in a second direction intersecting the first direction in relation to the inner part and which surrounds an outer periphery of the inner part, and a first engaging section which is formed in the first wall section and which projects toward an inner side of the peripheral wall section,
the first engaging section of the armor member is located on the other side in the first direction in relation to the first edge section of the inner part, in a state wherein the inner part and the armor member are combined together in the first direction, and is disposed at such a position as to overlap with the first edge section of the inner part when the armor member and the inner part are viewed in the first direction, and is engaged with a first engaged section located on the inner side of the peripheral wall section, and
the guide section of the inner part is formed in such a manner that in a process wherein the inner part and the armor member are combined together in the first direction, the guide section comes into contact with the first wall section located on the one side in the first direction in relation to the guide section to push the first wall section in the second direction, so as to cause the first engaging section to go over the first edge section of the inner part to reach the other side in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,405,448

HIGH FREQUENCY BGA CONNECTOR

FCI USA LLC, Etters, PA ...

1. A connector having a housing with a surface, wherein the connector is configured for attachment to a circuit board with the surface facing the circuit board, the connector comprising:a plurality of pockets in the surface; and
a plurality of contacts held by the housing, each of the plurality of contacts comprising a mating end, a mounting end opposite the mating end and disposed within at least a respective one of the plurality of pockets, and an intermediate portion that extends between the mating end and the mounting end;
wherein:
the plurality of pockets are arranged in a plurality of rows;
within each row, a first portion of the pockets have a center-to-center spacing in a row direction of a first distance from at least one adjacent pocket of the first portion of the pockets, and a second portion of the pockets have a center-to-center spacing in the row direction of a second distance from at least one adjacent pocket of the second portion of the pockets; and
the second distance is less than the first distance.

US Pat. No. 10,405,447

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

INGENICO GROUP, Paris (F...

1. A printed circuit board for a payment terminal, wherein the printed circuit board comprises:a plurality of components comprising components of greater heights and components of smaller heights assembled on said printed circuit board according to heights of said components so that the components of greater heights are situated at a first end of the board and the components of smaller heights are situated at a second end of the board, the heights of the components diminishing gradually from the first end to the second end,
wherein the printed circuit board takes substantially the shape of a rectangle divided into at least one first area and at least one second area, said first area comprising the components whose heights exceed a predetermined threshold height and the second area comprising the components whose heights do not exceed the predetermined threshold height,
wherein said components of the first area are wired connection components and said second area comprises a plurality of SIM card or SAM card connection components,
wherein all of the SIM card or SAM card connection components on the printed circuit board are configured to define a single plane of insertion of SIM cards or SAM cards with a lower half-casing of the payment terminal,
at least one third area comprising the components whose height is situated below a predetermined ceiling height, which is smaller than the predetermined threshold,
a first connector in the third area,
an additional board connected to the first connector in the third area, and
additional SIM card or SAM card connection components mounted on the additional board,
wherein the heights of the SIM card or SAM card connection components of said second area are calculated so that said SIM card or SAM card connection components of said second area have heights substantially identical to heights of the additional SIM card or SAM card connection components that are mounted on the additional board.

US Pat. No. 10,405,446

ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING WATERPROOF STRUCTURE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing including:
a first region,
a second region, and
a step boundary area formed between the first region and second region;
a cover;
a display panel disposed between the first region and the cover;
a first seal member disposed between the first region and the display panel;
a second seal member disposed between the second region and the cover; and
a third seal member disposed at least a portion of a space which is defined by the display panel, the cover, and the step boundary area,
wherein the housing further includes a through hole through which a semisolid or liquid material is inserted in at least a portion of the space to form the third seal member, and
wherein the first region and the second region are positioned at different distances relative to the cover.

US Pat. No. 10,405,445

MEDIA DOOR ASSEMBLY FOR A MARINE ELECTRONICS DEVICE

NAVICO HOLDING AS, Egers...

1. A door assembly for a marine electronics device, the door assembly comprising:a door defining a first end and a second end, the door comprising:
a substantially planar surface;
at least one hinge element disposed proximate the first end; and
a finger recess disposed on a peripheral edge of the planar surface of the door at the second end, wherein the finger recess is sized to enable a user to fit at least a portion of a finger therein to enable movement of the door to an open position with respect to the marine electronics device; and
a sealing element disposed in contact with the planar surface of the door, wherein the sealing element comprises;
a substantially planar surface;
a continuous seal ring extending outward away from the planar surface of the sealing element, wherein the continuous seal ring forms a water tight seal about the door when the door is in a closed position with respect to the marine electronics device, and
a deformable tab disposed at the peripheral edge of the planar surface of the sealing element, wherein deformable tab extends outward from the planar surface of the sealing element and fills the finger recess of the door and is movable between a resting position and a deflected position, wherein the deformable tab is biased to the resting position, and wherein movement of the deformable tab to the deflected position enables the user to move the door to the open position.

US Pat. No. 10,405,444

BICYCLE COMPONENT

Shimano Inc., Osaka (JP)...

1. A bicycle component, comprising:a receiving part including an opening configured to receive an electrical connector;
a lid part configured to cover at least a part of the opening;
an electrical operating unit being provided to the lid part; and
an attaching portion to be attached to an attaching recess of a bicycle body.

US Pat. No. 10,405,443

ADAPTIVE OPENING FOR AN ELECTRONIC HARDWARE ENCLOSURE

LITEMAX ELECTRONICS INC.,...

1. A hardware structure for an electronic apparatus connected to external devices comprising;an adaptive window opening in a side of the hardware structure;
a terminal disposed within the hardware structure which is accessible through the adaptive window opening;
a moveable element, disposed along the side of the hardware structure, comprising;
at least two, spaced apart, positioning portions whereupon moving the moveable element parallel to the adaptive window opening at least one of the positioning portions is secured at a stationary portion of the hardware structure such that sizing of the adaptive window opening is adjusted to that which is required by an external device while the moveable element occupies any remaining portion of the adaptive window opening.

US Pat. No. 10,405,442

CABINET WITH LOCK AND INFORMATION PROCESSING EQUIPMENT

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. A cabinet with a lock comprising:a cabinet in which a server is accommodated;
the cabinet comprising a door portion which is opened and closed for taking in and out the server;
a first locking mechanism which does not allow the server to be taken out of the cabinet with a locking manipulation by locking the door portion; and
a second locking mechanism which locks a position of the cabinet or a position of the server in coordination with a locking operation by the first locking mechanism, the second locking mechanism locking the server to the cabinet or locking at least any of a plurality of casters.

US Pat. No. 10,405,441

ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING BUFFERING POSITIONING MECHANISM

GETAC TECHNOLOGY CORPORAT...

1. An electronic device having a buffering positioning mechanism, comprising:a casing, having two inner walls opposite each other;
an internal module, having two outer walls opposite each other, comprising a carrier and a plurality of internal components of the electronic device provided on the carrier, the internal module accommodated in the casing, the internal module fixed to the casing without using any fixing elements; and
at least one buffer member, supporting between at least one of the inner walls and at least one of the outer walls that are opposite each other;
wherein the at least one buffer member supports between one of the inner walls and one of the outer walls that are opposite each other, and one other of the outer walls of the internal module abuts against one other of the inner walls of the casing.

US Pat. No. 10,405,440

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INTERACTIVE PROTECTION OF A MOBILE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

1. A system comprising:a protective case configured to be attached to a mobile electronic device;
a deployable barrier, a sensor to detect when to deploy the barrier and an activation device to deploy the barrier, wherein the barrier, sensor and activation device are housed in the protective case and the deployable barrier is stored within the case until deployed from the case to form an encapsulation barrier to enclose the mobile device when the mobile device experiences an unexpected change in at least one of velocity, acceleration and moisture.

US Pat. No. 10,405,439

DISPLAY PANEL ASSEMBLY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A display panel assembly, comprising:a support comprising a bottom wall and a side wall bent from the bottom wall, a thickness of the side wall being less than a thickness of the bottom wall to form the support;
a display panel fixed to the bottom wall of the support;
a cover plate disposed on the display panel, the cover plate including a top surface facing away from the display panel, a bottom surface opposite the top surface and facing the display panel; and
a decorative ring disposed on a top end of the side wall of the support away from the bottom wall of the support and joined to a side of the cover plate, the side of the cover plate located between the top surface and the bottom surface;
wherein an inner wall of the decorative ring comprises a first joining surface, which extends beyond the side wall of the support and joins the decorative ring to the side of the cover plate;
wherein an innermost wall of the side wall of the support is offset from an outermost wall of the display panel to define a gap;
wherein the gap lies between a first plane, located along the innermost wall of the side wall of the support, and a second plane, located along the outermost wall of the display panel, the first joining surface lying between the first plane and the second plane;
wherein the side of the cover plate comprises a second joining surface opposite to the first joining surface, the first joining surface and the second joining surface are inclined with respect to the side wall of the support.

US Pat. No. 10,405,438

DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device, comprising:a substrate having a display area and a non-display area surrounding the display area;
a driving unit connected to the substrate;
at least one first crack prevention pattern at the non-display area, the at least one first crack prevention pattern including facing end portions; and
an alignment key at the non-display area;
wherein at least a portion of the alignment key is between the facing end portions of the at least one first crack prevention pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,405,437

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display substrate comprising:
a display area to display an image; and
a pad area outside the display area; and
a printed circuit board (PCB) bonded to a surface of the display substrate in the pad area, wherein the PCB comprises:
a base film;
first terminal wires positioned at a first surface of the base film;
second terminal wires positioned at a second surface of the base film, the second surface opposing the first surface;
first sub-pad terminals electrically connected to the first terminal wires through contact holes formed in the base film; and
second sub-pad terminals directly and electrically connected to the second terminal wires without contact holes,
wherein, in a view normal to the first surface, the first terminal wires and the second terminal wires are spaced apart from one another in a first direction, and
wherein, in the view normal to the first surface, at least two of the first sub-pad terminals and at least two of the second sub-pad terminals are alternately arranged in a line to form an inclination angle with the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,405,436

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY MODULE BONDING METHOD

SHENZHEN ROYOLE TECHNOLOG...

1. A bonding method of a flexible display module, the flexible display module comprising a flexible display panel having a first bonding area and an integrated driving circuit having a second bonding area, the bonding method comprising:attaching, through a colloid, a transfer plate to a surface of the flexible display panel which is away from the first bonding area;
solidifying the colloid facing the first bonding area to form a fixed portion;
flattening the transfer plate to flatten the first bonding area through the fixed portion;
aligning the second bonding area with the first bonding area;
pre-laminating the first bonding area and the second bonding area at a first temperature;
breaking the fixed portion, and separating the flexible display panel and the transfer plate;
flattening the flexible display panel; and
laminating the first bonding area and the second bonding area at a second temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,405,435

ELECTRONIC COMPONENT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An electronic component that is able to be mounted on a mounting substrate including a pair of first edge portions that face each other, and a pair of second edge portions that are perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the pair of first edge portions and face each other, the mounting substrate including a structure that allows at least any one of the electronic component, a first electronic component, and a second electronic component to be mounted thereon;the first electronic component including:
a first laminate including a plurality of first dielectric layers and a plurality of first inner electrode layers, which are laminated, a pair of first principal surfaces facing each other in a lamination direction of the first laminate, a pair of first side surfaces facing each other in a width direction of the first electronic component perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the lamination direction of the first laminate, and a pair of first end surfaces facing each other in a length direction of the first electronic component perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the lamination direction of the first laminate and the width direction of the first electronic component; and
a pair of first external electrodes each extending from a corresponding one of the pair of first end surfaces to a portion of the pair of first principal surfaces and to a portion of the pair of first side surfaces;
the second electronic component including:
a second laminate including a plurality of second dielectric layers and a plurality of second inner electrode layers, which are laminated, a pair of second principal surfaces facing each other in a lamination direction of the second laminate, a pair of second side surfaces facing each other in a width direction of the second electronic component perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the lamination direction of the second laminate, and a pair of second end surfaces facing each other in a length direction of the second electronic component perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the lamination direction of the second laminate and the width direction of the second electronic component; and a pair of second external electrodes each extending from a corresponding one of the pair of second end surfaces to a portion of the pair of second principal surfaces and to a portion of the pair of second side surfaces; wherein
a dimension of the first electronic component in the length direction of the first electronic component is L1, a dimension of the first electronic component in the width direction of the first electronic component is W1, a dimension of the second electronic component in the length direction of the second electronic component is L2, and a dimension of the second electronic component in the width direction of the second electronic component is W2;
a length W3 of the pair of first edge portions is a least common multiple of the dimension W1 and the dimension W2; and
a length L3 of the pair of second edge portions is a least common multiple of the dimension L1 and the dimension L2;
the electronic component including:
a third laminate including a plurality of third dielectric layers and a plurality of third inner electrode layers, which are laminated, a pair of third principal surfaces facing each other in a lamination direction of the third laminate, a pair of third side surfaces facing each other in a width direction of the electronic component perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the lamination direction of the third laminate, and a pair of third end surfaces facing each other in a length direction of the electronic component perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the lamination direction of the third laminate and the width direction of the electronic component; and
a pair of third external electrodes each extending from a corresponding one of the pair of third end surfaces to a portion of each of the pair of third principal surfaces and to a portion of each of the pair of third side surfaces;
the pair of third external electrodes each including:
a fired layer provided on the third laminate from the corresponding third end surface to the portion of each of the pair of third principal surfaces and to the portion of each of the pair of third side surfaces; and a resin layer provided on an external surface of the fired layer so as to expose a leading end side of the fired layer, from the corresponding third end surface to the portion of each of the pair of third principal surfaces and to the portion of each of the pair of third side surfaces;
on each of the pair of third principal surfaces and on each of the pair of third side surfaces:
a length of the resin layer along the length direction of the electronic component from the corresponding third end surface to a leading end of the resin layer is less than a length of the fired layer along the length direction of the electronic component from the corresponding third end surface to a leading end of the fired layer; and
a dimension of the electronic component in the width direction of the electronic component is any one of the dimension W1 and the dimension W2; and
a dimension of the electronic component in the length direction of the electronic component is the dimension L2 when the dimension of the electronic component in the width direction of the electronic component is the dimension W1; and
a dimension of the electronic component in the length direction of the electronic component is the dimension L1 when the dimension of the electronic component in the width direction of the electronic component is the dimension W2.

US Pat. No. 10,405,434

MOUNTING JIG FOR SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A mounting jig for a semiconductor device, comprising:an insulated circuit board positioning jig having a concave part configured to place an insulated circuit board;
a tubular contact element positioning jig disposed on an upper side of the insulated circuit board, and having a plurality of positioning holes at predetermined positions to insert a plurality of tubular contact elements respectively; and
a tubular contact element press-down jig having a flat plate and a plurality of projections extending from a lower surface of the flat plate,
wherein said plurality of projections further comprises:
a first length from the flat plate on a side closer to an outer circumference of the insulated circuit board, and
a second length from the flat plate inside the outer circumference of the insulated circuit board, wherein the first length is shorter than the second length.

US Pat. No. 10,405,433

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT PACKAGE

Qorvo US, Inc., Greensbo...

1. An integrated circuit (IC) package comprising:a printed circuit board;
a first Back-End-of-Line (BEOL) region mounted on the printed circuit board;
a first Front-End-of-Line (FEOL) region;
a first polymer layer provided over the printed circuit board;
a second polymer layer, which has a thermal conductivity greater than 3 W/mK and a resistivity greater than 5000 Ohm-cm; and
wherein the first BEOL region, the first FEOL region, and at least a portion of the second polymer layer are stacked and surrounded by the first polymer layer.

US Pat. No. 10,405,432

STRETCHABLE ELECTRONICS FOR DENTISTRY APPLICATIONS AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

1. A method for producing a stretchable conductor and/or electrical connection comprisingproviding a stretchable substrate, a liquid metal, a conductive metal and an adhesion material in a same evaporator chamber;
depositing the liquid metal;
depositing the adhesion material;
depositing the conductive metal;
wherein
the liquid metal, the conductive metal and the adhesion material are deposited by evaporation in vacuum;
the liquid metal, the conductive metal and the adhesion material are deposited at different deposition rates, which are variable during the process; and
said adhesion material, said conductive metal and said liquid metal are deposited under the form of layers or combine each other to form a conductive layer on the stretchable substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,405,414

LAMP BYPASS SWITCH

Amico Clinical Solutions ...

1. A lamp assembly comprising:a plurality of light sources;
a source of electrical power;
a source of control signals;
a control element including an normal drive circuitry and an emergency drive circuitry, the normal drive circuitry configured to provide, in accordance with first control signals received from the source of control signals, the electrical power, received from the source of electrical power, to the light sources via light source connectors, the normal drive circuitry including a potentiometer associated with each of the light source connectors; and
a bypass switch configured to, responsive to activation, transmit an override signal to the control element;
wherein the control element is configured to:
receive, from the bypass switch, the override signal;
receive, from the source of control signals, second control signals; and
receive, from the source of electrical power, further electrical power; and,
wherein the emergency drive circuitry is configured to, responsive to receiving the override signal, provide the further electrical power to the light sources via the light source connectors without regard to the second control signals.
US Pat. No. 10,400,235

SINGLE CELL ANALYSIS OF TRANSPOSASE ACCESSIBLE CHROMATIN

10X GENOMICS, INC., Plea...

1. A method of generating barcoded nucleic acid fragments, comprising:(a) generating a plurality of partitions, wherein at least a subset of said plurality of partitions comprises: (i) a single biological particle from a plurality of biological particles, wherein said single biological particle comprises template deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules and template ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules; (ii) a plurality of first barcode oligonucleotide molecules comprising a first barcode sequence; (iii) a plurality of transposon end oligonucleotide molecules comprising a transposon end sequence; (iv) a plurality of transposase molecules; (v) a plurality of second barcode oligonucleotide molecules comprising a second barcode sequence and a capture sequence; and (vi) a plurality of reverse transcriptase molecules;
(b) generating a plurality of template DNA fragments by subjecting said subset of said plurality of partitions to conditions sufficient to cause transposition of said transposon end oligonucleotide molecules into said template DNA molecules with the aid of a transposase-nucleic acid complex comprising a transposase molecule of said plurality of transposase molecules and a transposon end oligonucleotide molecule of said plurality of transposon end oligonucleotide molecules;
(c) generating a barcoded DNA fragment using a first barcode oligonucleotide molecule of said plurality of first barcode oligonucleotide molecules and a template DNA fragment of said plurality of template DNA fragments; and
(d) generating a barcoded complementary DNA molecule from said template RNA molecules by reverse transcription using a second barcode oligonucleotide molecule of said plurality of second barcode oligonucleotide molecules.

US Pat. No. 10,405,431

FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

Avary Holding (Shenzhen) ...

1. A flexible printed circuit board comprising:an insulating layer;
a wiring area formed on at least one surface of the insulating layer;
a copper electroplating layer formed on and corresponding to the wiring area, the copper electroplating layer comprising a first portion and a second portion besides the first portion;
a nickel electroplating layer formed on a top surface of at least the first portion facing away from the wiring area, the nickel electroplating layer exposing sidewalls of the first portion;
a cover film formed on the second portion and filling in gaps of the copper electroplating layer; and
a gold chemical-plating layer formed on a top surface of the nickel electroplating layer facing away from the first portion and the sidewalls of the first portion.

US Pat. No. 10,405,430

CERAMIC SUBSTRATE, ELECTRONIC COMPONENT, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING CERAMIC SUBSTRATE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An electronic component comprising:a ceramic insulating layer;
an electrode provided on a main surface of the ceramic insulating layer;
a cover member;
a device including a vibrating portion; and
a close-contact layer comprising a fired glass paste and positioned between the electrode and the ceramic insulating layer,
wherein the electrode has a ring-like shape on the close-contact layer having a ring-like shape surrounding a predetermined region on the main surface of the ceramic insulating layer,
wherein the cover member is disposed on the electrode so as to cover the predetermined region and joined to the electrode with solder,
wherein the device is disposed in a space between the cover member and the main surface of the ceramic insulating layer and defined by the electrode,
wherein a glass content of the close contact layer is higher than a glass content of the ceramic insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,405,429

TRANSFORMER INTEGRATED TYPE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A transformer integrated type printed circuit board comprising:a transformer that comprises a core, a primary winding wire, and a secondary winding wire; and
a printed circuit board that comprises a surface layer and an internal layer in which wiring patterns are respectively formed, and has a plurality of insertion portions into which a plurality of leg portions of the core are respectively inserted,
wherein the primary winding wire is disposed in the surface layer of the printed circuit board so as to be wound between the leg portions,
wherein the secondary winding wire is disposed in the internal layer of the printed circuit board so as to be wound between the leg portions,
wherein the primary winding wire is small in number of windings, is large in width, and is large in thickness, in comparison with the secondary winding wire,
wherein the primary winding wire comprises: a first wiring pattern that is formed in the surface layer; and a conductor that is mounted on the first wiring pattern, and
wherein the secondary winding wire comprises a second wiring pattern that is formed in the internal layer.

US Pat. No. 10,405,428

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A manufacturing method of an electronic device, comprising:preparing a first substrate including a first conductive layer and a second substrate which is apart from the first conductive layer;
forming a concavity in the second substrate at a second surface which is opposite to a first surface which is opposed to the first substrate;
etching the first substrate and the second substrate to decrease thickness thereof and to expand the concavity;
forming a second conductive layer on the second surface and inside the concavity;
irradiating an area where the concavity is formed with a laser light to form a hole penetrating at least the second conductive layer in the concavity and the second substrate; and
forming a connecting material electrically connecting the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer via the hole.

US Pat. No. 10,405,427

METHOD OF BONDING FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUITS

Flexenable Limited, (GB)...

1. A method for forming electrical connections between a first plurality of electrical conductors and a second plurality of electrical conductors, the method comprising:providing a first cushion on a mount;
disposing a first substrate on the mount wherein a first side of the first substrate is in contact with the first cushion and a second side of the first substrate comprises the first plurality of electrical conductors;
depositing an anisotropic conductive (AC) bonding material on the first plurality of electrical conductors;
aligning a second substrate with the first substrate, wherein a first side of the second substrate comprises the second plurality of electrical conductors, and wherein the second plurality of electrical conductors are aligned with the first plurality of electrical conductors such that the AC bonding material is sandwiched between the first plurality of electrical conductors and the second plurality of electrical conductors;
providing a second cushion on the second substrate;
applying heat and pressure to the second cushion to form an AC bond between the first plurality of electrical conductors and the second plurality of electrical conductors;
wherein the first cushion is formed of a first thermally resistive and elastic material and the second cushion is formed of a second thermally resistive and elastic material to enable substantially uniform pressure and heat to be applied across the first plurality of electrical conductors and the second plurality of electrical conductors when forming the AC bond,
wherein the first and second cushions have identical thickness, wherein the first and second cushions have a thickness of at least 300 ?m, and wherein each of the first thermally resistive and elastic material and the second thermally resistive and elastic material has a thermal conductivity in the range of 0.5 W/mK to 1.5 W/mK, the second substrate has a thickness of less than or equal to 75 ?m,the second substrate is folded behind the first substrate, and an interconnection pitch of both the first plurality of electrical conductors and the second plurality of electrical conductors is less than or equal to 100 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,405,425

SURFACE MOUNT TECHNOLOGY (SMT) PAD DESIGN WITH DIFFERENTIAL CONTACT STRIPS HAVING CONVERGING NARROWING DISTAL ENDS THAT FACILITATE HIGH SPEED COMMUNICATION

Dell Products, L.P., Rou...

1. A circuit board assembly of an information handling system (IHS), the circuit board assembly comprising:a circuit board substrate having a nonconductive surface;
a surface mount technology (SMT) pad structure comprising:
one or more landing pads formed on an exposed surface of the circuit board substrate and having a mounting area that is longitudinally sized to receive an SMT connector pin of a surface mount device (SMD) within a placement tolerance, each landing pad comprising:
an adjacent pair of differential contact strips plated to the nonconductive surface and longitudinally extending in parallel alignment, the differential contact strips having converging narrowing of each strip at a distal end and having a proximal signal trace for conducting a high-speed communication signal to another functional component attached to the circuit board substrate, wherein a longitudinal length of a converging narrowing portion of each strip of the pair of differential contact strips is within a range of 30-50% of a total longitudinal length of the respective landing pad; and
a return current strip that is longitudinally aligned adjacent to the pair of differential contact strips and connected to a ground plane of the circuit board substrate, the converging narrowing of the adjacent differential contact strip increasing separation of a distal end of the adjacent differential contact strip from the return current strip, the increased separation reducing coupling with the return current strip and consequently improving signal integrity by reducing fringe effects, increasing impedance, and quenching resonance to support high speed communication signals passing through the SMT landing pad at next generation speeds of greater than 12 Gigabytes per second; and
the surface mount device (SMD) having one or more connector pins that correspond to and are attached to the one or more landing pads to conduct high-speed communication signals.

US Pat. No. 10,405,424

DRIVER CIRCUIT FOR OPTICAL TRANSMITTER

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTR...

1. A driver circuit for an optical transmitter, comprising:a multilayer board;
a differential circuit mounted on the multilayer board, and including a pair of input terminals for receiving a differential signal and a pair of output terminals for outputting an amplified differential signal;
a pair of inductor elements each having a first end and a second end;
two power supply electrodes formed on the multilayer board, and supplying a bias to the pair of output terminals; and
a pair of transmission lines formed on the multilayer board, one of the pair of transmission lines having a first connection portion electrically connected to one of the two power supply electrodes through one of the pair of inductor elements, and another of the pair of transmission lines having a second connection portion electrically connected to another of the two power supply electrodes through another of the pair of inductor elements, one end of the one of the pair of transmission lines being electrically connected to one of the pair of output terminals, one end of the another of the pair of transmission lines being electrically connected to another of the pair of output terminals,
wherein the multilayer board includes a first recessed portion between the first connection portion and the second connection portion, a second recessed portion between the first connection portion and the one of the two power supply electrodes, and a third recessed portion between the second connection portion and the another of the two power supply electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,405,423

MULTI-LAYER CIRCUIT BOARD

KINSUS INTERCONNECT TECHN...

1. A multi-layer circuit board, comprising:a first circuit board, having:
a first conductor layer mounted on a surface of the first circuit board;
multiple conducting blocks mounted on the surface of the first circuit board and electrically connected to the first conductor layer;
a second circuit board, having:
a first surface facing the first circuit board; and
a second conductor layer mounted on the first surface of the second circuit board; multiple conducting recesses formed in the first surface of the second circuit board, electrically connected to the second conductor layer, and corresponding to the respective conducting blocks; and
an insulating layer mounted between the first conductor layer and the second conductor layer;
wherein the second circuit board is on the surface of the first circuit board, the multiple conducting blocks are respectively mounted in the multiple conducting recesses to electrically connect the first conductor layer and the second conductor layer;
wherein the insulating layer is disposed between the first conductor layer and the second conductor layer rather than between the multiple conducting blocks and the multiple conducting recesses;
wherein two surfaces of the insulating layer are respectively in contact with the first conductor layer and the second conductor layer,
wherein each conducting recess has a conducting layer formed thereon and electrically connected to the second conductor layer;
wherein each conducting layer has:
a connection layer made from copper; and
a sheathing layer made from one of gold and a gold alloy.

US Pat. No. 10,405,422

COPPER FILM-FORMING AGENT AND METHOD FOR FORMING COPPER FILM

SHIKOKU CHEMICALS CORPORA...

1. A method for forming a copper film, comprising: a coating step of coating on a base material to form a coating film a copper film-forming agent comprising a copper complex composed of a copper formate and an imidazole compound represented by the following formula (I):
in the formula (I), R1 represents a linear, branched or cyclic hydrocarbon group having from 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or a linear, branched or cyclic substituent containing a hydrocarbon having from 1 to 5 carbon atoms and an element other than a carbon atom, the element being not bonded to a hydrogen atom, or is bonded to adjacent R2 or R4 to form a heterocyclic ring; and each of R2 to R4 independently represents a hydrogen atom, a linear, branched or cyclic hydrocarbon group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or a linear, branched or cyclic substituent containing a hydrocarbon having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms and an element other than a carbon atom, the element being not bonded to a hydrogen atom, or is bonded to adjacent R1, R3 or R4 to form a ring or a heterocyclic ring, provided that a total of the carbon atoms contained in R1 to R4 is 5 or less; and
a heating step of heating and burning the coating film at an atmospheric pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,405,421

SELECTIVE DIELECTRIC RESIN APPLICATION ON CIRCUITIZED CORE LAYERS

International Business Ma...

1. A multiple-layer printed circuit board comprising:a dielectric layer formed from a pre-impregnated (prepreg) material that includes a partially cured dielectric resin encapsulating a woven glass cloth; and
a circuitized core layer having a surface that is adjacent to the dielectric layer, the surface of the circuitized core layer having a high resin demand region of dielectric material with glass spheres encapsulated within a cured dielectric resin and another region of dielectric material without the glass spheres.

US Pat. No. 10,405,420

GULLWING PCB STRUCTURE TO ENABLE HIGH FREQUENCY OPERATION

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A foldable printed circuit board comprising:a first rigid portion;
a second rigid portion;
a first flexible region coupling the first rigid portion to the second rigid portion;
a third rigid portion;
a second flexible region coupling the second rigid portion to the third rigid portion;
wherein the first rigid portion and the third rigid portion each have a width that is less than one half that of the second rigid portion; and
wherein when the foldable printed circuit board is folded, the first rigid portion and the third rigid portion are positioned over the second rigid portion so that the first rigid portion and the third rigid portion do not overlap one another over the second rigid portion at any location orthogonal to the second rigid portion.

US Pat. No. 10,405,419

WIRING SUBSTRATE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAID WIRING SUBSTRATE

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A wiring substrate comprising: a substrate which is thermoplastic, the substrate having a first thermal expansion coefficient and a second thermal expansion coefficient, the first thermal expansion coefficient being relative to a first axis which is parallel to a substrate surface of the substrate, the second thermal expansion coefficient being relative to a second axis which (i) is parallel to the substrate surface and (ii) intersects with the first axis, the first thermal expansion coefficient being greater than the second thermal expansion coefficient;wiring formed on the substrate; and
at least one bend assisting body which extends in a belt-like manner parallel to the first axis of the substrate surface,
a difference between (i) a thermal expansion coefficient of the at least one bend assisting body and (ii) the second thermal expansion coefficient of the substrate being greater than a difference between (i) the thermal expansion coefficient of the at least one bend assisting body and (ii) the first thermal expansion coefficient of the substrate,
the substrate being bent along with each of the at least one bend assisting body so as to form a bending line which extends parallel to the first axis.

US Pat. No. 10,405,418

DIFFERENTIAL SIGNAL TRANSMITTING CIRCUIT BOARD

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

2. A differential signal transmission circuit board, comprising:a base layer;
at least two electrically conductive components, being disposed in the base layer; wherein each of the at least two electrically conductive components comprises a hollow electrically conductive object and a filling material filled in the hollow electrically conductive object; and
at least one insulating component, being disposed in the base layer, and the at least one insulating component being located close to or in contact with the at least two electrically conductive components; wherein the at least one insulating component is located between the hollow electrically conductive objects of the at least two electrically conductive components and spaced apart from the filling materials in the hollow electrically conductive objects, and the at least two electrically conductive components are not surrounded by the at least one insulting component;
wherein, the base layer has a first equivalent dielectric constant, the at least one insulating component has a second equivalent dielectric constant, and the first equivalent dielectric constant is different from the second equivalent dielectric constant.

US Pat. No. 10,405,417

PACKAGED MICROELECTRONIC COMPONENT MOUNTING USING SINTER ATTACHMENT

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A method of producing a packaged microelectronic component comprising:providing said packaged microelectronic component that includes a substrate having a top surface and a bottom surface, and a semiconductor die coupled to said top surface, wherein said substrate comprises a heat sink configured for dissipating heat; and
applying a metal particle-containing material to said bottom surface of said substrate, said metal particle-containing material being configured to sinter to produce a sintered bond layer joining said packaged microelectronic component to a secondary structure, said secondary structure being a printed circuit board (PCB), said PCB including thermal vias extending through it, and wherein said sintered bond layer is configured to join said heat sink with said thermal vias.

US Pat. No. 10,405,416

HIGH-VOLTAGE TANK FOR HIGH-VOLTAGE GENERATION, INCLUDING A STRAIN GAUGE FOR TANK PRESSURE MEASUREMENT

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A housing for a high voltage tank for high voltage generation, the housing comprising:a boiler being open on one side;
a circuit board cover disposed to close said boiler; and
at least one strain gauge disposed on or in said circuit board cover such that said at least one strain gauge is expanded or compressed with a pressure-induced deformation of said circuit board cover.

US Pat. No. 10,405,415

ELECTRO-STATIC DISCHARGE PROTECTION DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An electro-static discharge protection device comprising:a ceramic base material;
first and second outer electrodes disposed on an outer surface of the ceramic base material;
a hollow portion located inside the ceramic base material;
a first discharge electrode including a first end portion that is electrically connected to the first outer electrode and a second end portion that is disposed in the hollow portion;
a second discharge electrode including a first end portion that is electrically connected to the second outer electrode and a second end portion that is spaced apart from the first discharge electrode in the hollow portion; and
a discharge supporting electrode, which includes silicon carbide and which is disposed between the second end portion of the first discharge electrode and the second end portion of the second discharge electrode; wherein
the ceramic base material includes an alkali metal element, and a content of the alkali metal element in the ceramic base material is about 3 percent by weight or less.

US Pat. No. 10,405,413

VISUAL TRACKING SYSTEM AND METHOD

1. A user-operated spotlight system for lighting a performer on a stage; the user-operated spotlight system comprising:a screen configured to display an image of the stage;
a screen cursor positioner operable to move a cursor displayed on the screen, and
a processor connected to the screen, and configured to:
move a plurality of controllable spotlights that are coupled to the processor, wherein the plurality of controllable spotlights moves when a user moves the cursor on the screen; and
calibrate the user-operated spotlight system by linking one or more cursor positions on the image of the stage with one or more corresponding positions on the stage.

US Pat. No. 10,405,412

USE OF A LIGHTING SYSTEM TO INDICATE APPLICATION STATUS

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A method of interfacing with a lighting system comprising one or more luminaires which provide a first service of emitting illumination into an environment occupied by a user, the method comprising:receiving a first user input signal indicating that the user has performed a first interaction with a user input element of the lighting system;
controlling the illumination emitted by at least one of the luminaires based on the first user input signal;
detecting a notification generated by an application, wherein the application provides the user with a second service other than controlling a lighting system, and the notification is indicative of an event occurring within the second service; in response to the detection of said notification, automatically controlling the lighting system in order to alert the user to said event;
receiving a second user input signal indicating that the user has performed a second interaction with the user input element of the lighting system following said alerting of the user to said event; and
in response to the receipt of the second user input signal, automatically performing an action in relation to the second service by sending a response in relation to the second service,
wherein the automatically performing of said action is conditional on said second interaction or the receipt of said second user input signal occurring within a predetermined window of time following the event or the detection of the notification of the event, and
wherein the second user interaction is the same as the first interaction, but the method comprises refraining from controlling the illumination from any of the luminaires based on the second user input signal, on condition that the second user interaction or the receipt of the second user input second signal occurs within said window of time.

US Pat. No. 10,405,410

LUMINAIRE AND LIGHTING SYSTEM

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A luminaire, comprising:a lighting apparatus which includes a wireless communication circuit which receives a control signal from a controller external to the luminaire and a light emitter of which a light emitting state is controlled based on the control signal received by the wireless communication circuit; and
an apparatus body to which the lighting apparatus is detachably attached in different orientations,
wherein a position of the wireless communication circuit relative to the apparatus body is changed by changing an orientation of the lighting apparatus relative to the apparatus body, the wireless communication circuit being fixed to the lighting apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,405,409

LIGHTING APPARATUS, COMMUNICATION METHOD PERFORMED BY LIGHTING APPARATUS, AND LIGHTING SYSTEM

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A lighting apparatus among a plurality of lighting apparatuses in a wireless mesh network in a lighting system, wherein the lighting system includes the plurality of lighting apparatuses and a terminal which performs wireless communication with the lighting apparatus, the lighting apparatus comprising:a communication circuit which performs wireless communication; and
a controller which controls the communication circuit, wherein:
the controller establishes, with the terminal, a connection which is an exclusive virtual communication path, and performs connection-oriented communication with the terminal,
when another lighting apparatus included in the plurality of lighting apparatuses transmits a signal to the terminal using wireless communication, the controller receives the signal via the communication circuit by scanning a channel for use in the wireless communication, and transmits the signal to the terminal via the communication circuit in a state where the connection between the controller and the terminal has been established, and
in the connection-oriented communication, the signal is transmitted at predetermined connection interval periods.

US Pat. No. 10,405,408

LIGHTING COMMUNICATIONS GATEWAY

Xicato, Inc., San Jose, ...

1. A light control and communications gateway, comprising:one or more processors;
a first radio frequency transceiver configured to receive a first communication signal from a LED based illumination device over a lighting control network, the first communication signal including an indication of an operational status of the LED based illumination device; and
a non-transitory, computer readable medium storing instructions that when executed by the one or more processors cause the one or more processors to:
receive the indication of the operational status of the LED based illumination device;
determine a summary status value associated with the LED based illumination device based on the operational status of the LED based illumination device; and
communicate the summary status value to a building management system over a building management network.

US Pat. No. 10,405,407

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING HIGH-MAST LIGHTING

PHOENIX PRODUCTS, LLC, M...

1. A high-mast lighting system for illuminating a transportation terminal comprising:a plurality of LED lighting units which are organized into predefined illumination zones within the transportation terminal, wherein each of the plurality of LED lighting unit is supported on a pole above a surface within the transportation terminal, and wherein each of the plurality of LED lighting units includes:
an LED light source;
an optical element partially surrounding at least the LED light source, wherein the optical element is selected to illuminate each of the predefined illumination zones within the transportation terminal; and
an individually addressable controller to automatically control brightness level of one or more individual LED lighting units and light beam distribution based at least in part on sensor data; and
a plurality of sensors configured to collect the sensor data relating to (i) one or more characteristics or parameters relating to at least one of the: LED light source, LED lighting unit, high-mast lighting system, a level of lighting in the environment surrounding the lighting system, a level of lighting in each predefined illumination zone within the transportation terminal, and (ii) variable levels of activity and inactivity over selected time intervals in the predefined illumination zones within the transportation terminal,
and a host computer in communication with each individually addressable controller over a wireless network within the transportation terminal, wherein the host computer is coupled to a memory having a set of stored set of instructions to control each of the plurality of individually addressable LED lighting units according to a selected illumination schedule and pattern based at least in part on the activity and inactivity over selected time intervals in the illumination zones within the transportation terminal,
wherein the illumination schedule includes controlling a first group of LED lighting units within the illumination zone to provide illumination during the selected time intervals and a second group of LED lighting units to provide additional illumination according to an anticipated activity within the illumination zone, wherein the illumination schedule can be automatically adjusted or updated.

US Pat. No. 10,405,406

LED LIGHTING DEVICE WITH COMMUNICATIONS MODULE AND ANTENNA

Ideal Industries Lighting...

1. A LED lighting device comprising:at least one LED operable to emit light for general illumination when powered through an electrical path;
a driver module in the electrical path for providing power to the at least one LED;
an electronics housing retaining the driver module;
a communications module for enabling wireless communication to and/or from the LED lighting device, wherein the communications module is retained in the electronics housing;
an antenna operatively coupled to the communications module for receiving and/or transmitting a wireless signal, the antenna comprising a slot in the electronics housing.

US Pat. No. 10,405,405

APPARATUS, METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING A LOAD DEVICE VIA A POWER LINE BY USING A POWER NEGOTIATION PROTOCOL

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. An apparatus for controlling a load device, said apparatus comprising:a control unit adapted to use a power negotiation protocol signaling in order to exchange at least one of control and status information with the load device, wherein the power negotiation protocol used to exchange the control or status information is a USB Power Delivery power negotiation protocol; and
a transceiver for transmitting or receiving, only via power supply USB pins, the control or status information to/from the load device over a power line used for supplying power to said load device.

US Pat. No. 10,405,404

LIGHTING CONTROLS DATA SYNCHRONIZATION

ABL IP HOLDING LLC, Cony...

1. A lighting control system comprising:a plurality of lighting system elements that are connected together over at least one lighting control network, wherein:
the lighting system elements include a network controller, a luminaire, or a lighting control device;
some of the lighting system elements are designated as client lighting devices; and
at least one of the lighting system elements is designated as a lighting control data synchronization master;
each respective one of the client lighting devices comprises:
a client network communication interface for communication over the at least one lighting control network;
a client memory including a lighting device database;
a client processor having access to the client memory and the client network communication interface; and
data synchronization client programming in the client memory, wherein execution of the data synchronization client programming by the client processor configures the client lighting device to perform functions, including functions to:
receive, via the at least one lighting control network, from the lighting control data synchronization master, multiple original lighting control data keys of tiered lighting control data type classifications, each respective original lighting control data key associated with a respective tiered lighting control data type classification to adjust at least one respective lighting control setting;
send, via the at least one lighting control network, from the client lighting device to the lighting control data synchronization master, a data key request message for each respective tiered lighting control data type classification that is supported on the client lighting device or desired for synchronization;
in response to the data key request message, receive, via the at least one lighting control network, from the lighting control data synchronization master, a data key response message that includes a respective current lighting control data key for each respective tiered lighting control data type classification;
for each respective tiered lighting control data type classification, compare the respective current lighting control data key with the respective original lighting control data key to detect a state change in the at least one respective lighting control setting; and
based on the comparison, determine whether each respective tiered lighting control data type classification is synchronized or not synchronized at the client lighting device.

US Pat. No. 10,405,403

APPARATUS, METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PROVIDING LIGHTING AND COMMUNICATION

CREE, INC., Durham, NC (...

1. A system for providing illumination and communication comprising:a plurality of solid-state lighting panels that are arranged in a space that includes a plurality of sub-spaces that are each configured to have at least one of the plurality of solid-state lighting panels therein; and
a lighting panel group controller that is configured to transmit input signals to at least one of the plurality of solid-state lighting panels,
wherein the plurality of solid-state lighting panels are operable to illuminate the plurality of sub-spaces in a first mode and are collaboratively controlled by the lighting panel group controller to communicate information to occupants in a second mode by selectively operating ones of the plurality of solid-state lighting panels, and
wherein the input signals are transmitted responsive to the lighting panel group controller receiving an information signal from a sensor, and
wherein the plurality of solid-state lighting panels comprise a first portion of solid-state lighting panels that are configured to provide illumination in the first mode and the second mode and a second portion of solid-state lighting panels that are configured to provide illumination in the first mode and to operate differently from the first portion of solid-state lighting panels in the second mode, wherein the collaborative operation of the first portion of the solid-state lighting panels and the second portion of the plurality of solid-state lighting panels in the second mode communicate information.

US Pat. No. 10,405,402

POWER CONSERVATION FOR DISTRIBUTED LIGHTING SYSTEM

USAI, LLC, New Windsor, ...

1. A lighting control system comprising:a digital power module (DPM) including:
a control module;
a power supply;
a power output connected to the power supply;
at least one control input operable to receive an input control signal; and
a digital interface;
a fixture control module (FCM) connected to the digital interface and the power output of the DPM, and the FCM having an associated LED light fixture connected thereto;
the DPM being adapted to transmit a digital control signal to the FCM through the digital interface for controlling the FCM and the LED light fixture, where the digital control signal is based on the input control signal;
the DPM being adapted to transmit power to the FCM through the power output;
the DPM having an active power mode wherein the DPM transmits power to the FCM via the power output and the DPM transmits the digital control signal to the FCM via the digital interface;
the DPM having an idle power mode wherein the DPM does not transmit power to the FCM via the power output, and wherein the DPM is operable to monitor the at least one control input;
the control module setting the DPM in the active power mode when the digital control signal is configured to cause the FCM to turn the associated LED light fixture on; and
the control module setting the DPM in the idle power mode when the digital control signal is configured to cause the FCM to turn the associated LED light fixture off.

US Pat. No. 10,405,401

PRECIPITATION SENSING LUMINAIRE

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A luminaire comprising:at least one light source arranged to emit light to illuminate an outdoor environment of the luminaire;
at least one sensor, each of the at least one sensor integrated into the luminaire and arranged to provide a respective sensor output signal;
a control module arranged to receive the respective sensor output signal from each of the at least one sensor and configured to communicate with a component of the luminaire based on the respective sensor output signal, wherein the at least one sensor comprises an accelerometer and the respective sensor output signal that is output by the accelerometer is an accelerometer output signal;
a memory storing reference precipitation information, wherein the reference precipitation information comprises a correlation of a plurality of precipitation types with a plurality of frequencies from accelerometer detection signals; and
a precipitation detection module configured to receive the respective sensor output signal from each of the at least one sensor,
wherein the precipitation detection module is configured to convert the accelerometer output signal into a frequency domain waveform and compare the frequency domain waveform to the reference precipitation information,
wherein the precipitation detection module is configured to detect precipitation in the outdoor environment based on said comparison,
wherein the precipitation detection module is configured to control the light emitted from the at least one light source based on said detection.

US Pat. No. 10,405,400

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM AND VOLTAGE OUTPUT MODULE

FSP TECHNOLOGY INC., Tao...

1. A power supply system, comprising:a plurality of power supplies from different sources, comprising at least a first power supply and a second power supply, wherein the first power supply is arranged to supply a first set of signals, and the second power supply is arranged to supply a second set of signals; and
a voltage output circuit, coupled to the plurality of power supplies, wherein the voltage output circuit comprises a first input terminal, a second input terminal and a first output terminal, and the first input terminal receives a first voltage signal of the first set of signals and the second input terminal receives a second voltage signal of the second set of signals, comprising:
a switching circuit, coupled to the first input terminal, the second input terminal, and the first output terminal;
a transferring circuit, arranged to receive a standby voltage signal, a power supply-on (PS-on) signal, and a power good (PG) signal of the first set of signals, and a standby voltage signal, a PS-on signal, and a PG signal of the second set of signals; and
a control circuit, arranged to determine whether to activate a first transistor or a second transistor of the switching circuit according to a voltage difference between the first input terminal and the second input terminal to make the voltage output circuit generate a first output voltage signal on the first output terminal according to the first voltage signal or the second voltage signal;
wherein when the voltage output circuit generates the first output voltage signal according to the first voltage signal, the transferring circuit generates an output standby voltage signal according to the standby voltage signal of the first set of signals, an output PS-on signal according to the PS-on signal of the first set of signals, and a power good input (PGI) signal according to the PG signal of the first set of signals;
wherein when the voltage output circuit generates the first output voltage signal according to the second voltage signal, the transferring circuit generates the output standby voltage signal according to the standby voltage signal of the second set of signals, the output PS-on signal according to the PS-on signal of the second set of signals, and the PGI signal according to the PG signal of the second set of signals.

US Pat. No. 10,405,399

STREET LIGHT DEVICE AND OPERATION METHOD THEREOF

LITE-ON ELECTRONICS (GUAN...

1. A street light device, comprising:a light emitting module, comprising a first light emitting unit and a second light emitting unit;
a driving circuit, coupled to the light emitting module, wherein the driving circuit is configured to drive the first light emitting unit and the second light emitting unit;
a sensing module, configured to obtain a temperature, a relative humidity, and a dust concentration; and
a microcontroller, coupled to the sensing module and the driving circuit, wherein the microcontroller is configured to calculate a light attenuation rate according to the temperature, the relative humidity, and the dust concentration,
wherein the microcontroller controls the driving circuit according to the light attenuation rate to drive the first light emitting unit and the second light emitting unit, so that a color temperature ratio between the first light emitting unit and the second light emitting unit is determined according to the light attenuation rate.

US Pat. No. 10,405,398

LIGHTING CONTROL SYSTEM FOR PLANT LED LAMPS

Self Electronics Co., Ltd...

1. A lighting control system for plant LED lamps, configured to control at least one LED lamp wherein at least one of the LED lamps provides lighting for at least one plant, comprising:a plant growth stage setting module,
a step setting module for respective growth stage,
a spectrum adjusting module for LED lamps in each growth stage and an illumination time adjusting module in each growth stage;
a plant area selection module for selecting or switching different plant growth areas to adjust growth parameters of each plant growth area,
the plant growth stage setting module configured to set a growth stage for certain type of plants,
the step setting module for respective growth stage configured to set a growth stage for each growth stage for different growth stages of the same type of plants,
the spectrum adjusting module in each growth stage configured to adjust and set the spectrum of the LED lamp provided by different growth stages of the same type of plants,
the illumination time adjusting module in each growth stage configured to adjust the time for growing the different growth stages of the same type of plants.

US Pat. No. 10,405,397

ILLUMINATION DEVICE, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANUALLY ADJUSTING AUTOMATED CHANGES IN EXTERIOR DAYLIGHT AMONG SELECT GROUPS OF ILLUMINATION DEVICES PLACED IN VARIOUS ROOMS OF A STRUCTURE

Lutron Ketra, LLC, Coope...

1. An illumination system, comprising:a plurality of light emitting diode (LED) illumination devices grouped into a plurality of groups among rooms of a structure, wherein a first group of the plurality of LED illumination devices is within a first room of the structure;
a driver circuit coupled to each of the plurality of LED illumination devices, wherein a first driver circuit is coupled to each one of the first group of the plurality of LED illumination devices for automatically changing a color temperature output from only the first group of the plurality of LED illumination devices as a function of a time of day, separate and apart from the other groups of the plurality of LED illumination devices;
a first control module coupled to the first driver circuit, wherein said first control module comprises:
a first controller coupled to receive a change in intensity value from a remote controller that is remote from the first controller and wirelessly or wired connected to the first controller, and wherein the first controller is coupled to receive a change in intensity value and, in response thereto, to produce a change in the color temperature output exclusive to only the first group of LED illumination devices during a first time of day relative to a second time of day.

US Pat. No. 10,405,395

CONTROLLABLE POWER AND LIGHTING ARRANGEMENT

1. A controllable power and lighting system for commercial and/or domestic use comprising an LED array comprising LED lights wherein the LED array is powered by an AC low voltage, the low voltage AC power being less than or equal to 50 v AC, power supply wherein:(i) the low voltage AC power distributed to the LED array is linked to a AC main transformer which is positioned externally or internally;
(ii) the low voltage AC power is distributed by hollow bus bars;
(iii) the low voltage AC power supplied to each LED light, or group of LED lights is converted to low voltage DC at an AC/DC rectifier associated with each LED light, or group of LED lights; and
(iv) the system includes means for automatic control of the output of the LED array as a whole or individual LED lights, or groups of LED lights within the LED array; and
(v) wherein the hollow bus bars are adapted to power one or more non-LED based devices within the system.

US Pat. No. 10,405,394

ILLUMINATION SYSTEM

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An illumination system comprising:a light source configured to emit general illumination light and bioactive light having an illuminance higher than an illuminance of the general illumination light;
a controller configured to control a lighting state of the light source; and
a manipulation apparatus including an illuminance adjustment unit for decreasing the illuminance of the light source,
wherein the controller is further configured to execute an intensification mode in which the illuminance of the bioactive light is set by increasing the illuminance of the light source,
wherein the controller is further configured to execute a stationary mode in which the illuminance of the light source is maintained at the illuminance of the bioactive light, and
wherein the controller is further configured to reduce an increase rate of the illuminance of the light source in the intensification mode based on input information of the illuminance adjustment unit.

US Pat. No. 10,405,392

DIMMER MULTI-FIRE TO INCREASE DIRECT AC LED DEVICE EFFICIENCY

DIALOG SEMICONDUCTOR INC....

1. A direct AC LED lighting device, comprising:a bleeder circuit;
an LED controller configured to switch on the bleeder circuit prior to an initial rising edge for a post diode bridge voltage and configured to switch off the bleeder circuit for a delay period responsive to the initial rising edge for the post diode bridge voltage to force a TRIAC in a leading edge dimmer to reset and no longer conduct current, wherein the LED controller is further configured to again switch on the bleeder circuit for a discharge period prior to the post diode bridge voltage equaling an LED threshold voltage to discharge the post diode bridge voltage, wherein the discharge period has a duration sufficient to trigger a conduction of current in the TRIAC to cause the post diode bridge voltage to have a second rising edge, the controller being further configured to switch off the bleeder circuit at a termination of the discharge period.

US Pat. No. 10,405,391

BOOST ENABLED LED BACKLIGHT FOR ENHANCING SUNLIGHT VISIBILITY OF A LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

1. A method for operating a backlighting unit (“BLU”) (18) that includes a LED array (05, 21) so that when an electrical current is supplied continuously to LEDs (01) included in the LED array (05, 21) the LED array (05, 21) emits illumination that passes through a liquid crystal display (“LCD”) module (08), the method comprising a step of increasing for a brief interval of time electrical current supplied to the LEDs (01) whereby illumination passing through the LCD module (08) increases significantly thereby permitting viewing the LCD module (08) when in bright sunlight.

US Pat. No. 10,405,390

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INTELLIGENT DIMMING CONTROL USING TRIAC DIMMERS

On-Bright Electronics (Sh...

1. A system for a power converter, the system comprising:a first signal generator configured to receive an input signal and output a drive signal to a switch to affect a current that flows through a winding of a power converter;
wherein:
the drive signal is associated with a first modulation period for a first input period and a second modulation period for a second input period;
wherein the first signal generator is further configured to:
determine the first modulation period for the first input period;
change the drive signal between a first logic level and a second logic level at a modulation frequency during the first modulation period;
determine the second modulation period for the second input period; and
change the drive signal between the first logic level and the second logic level at the modulation frequency during the second modulation period;
wherein:
a first pulse corresponds to a first pulse width;
a second pulse corresponds to a second pulse width;
the first modulation period corresponds to a first duration; and
the second modulation period corresponds to a second duration.

US Pat. No. 10,405,388

VARIABLE-BEAM LIGHT SOURCE WITH MIXING CHAMBER

LEDVANCE LLC, Wilmington...

1. A light device for producing an output light beam, comprising:a first end;
a second end;
a longitudinal axis extending therebetween;
a light source assembly comprising a plurality of light sources arranged at the first end of the light device and configured to emit light towards the second end and parallel with the longitudinal axis;
a substrate upon which the light source assembly is disposed, the substrate and the light source assembly forming a first surface;
a chamber for mixing light emitted from the light source assembly, the chamber comprising a second surface that is located substantially at a focus of the reflecting optic;
a concave reflecting optic for redirecting light exiting the chamber and emitted onto the optic, the redirected light forming an output light beam, the chamber positioned between the light source assembly and the concave reflecting optic, wherein the concave reflecting optic comprises a series of adjacent parabolic segments each having a different aiming angle; and
driver circuitry for controlling drive currents to respective ones of the plurality of light sources individually or in groups thereof to thereby variably control a divergence of the output light beam, the output light beam exiting the second end of the light device.

US Pat. No. 10,405,386

LIGHT EMITTING ELEMENT DRIVING APPARATUS AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

Rohm Co., Ltd., Kyoto (J...

1. A light emitting element driving apparatus, comprising:a current source configured to supply a current to each of a plurality of element arrays in which a plurality of light emitting elements are connected in series;
an error amplifier configured to generate an error signal based on a comparison of a first reference voltage with one of the highest voltage among total forward drop voltages of the plurality of element arrays, and a feedback voltage corresponding to a drive voltage supplied to the plurality of element arrays;
a first switch configured to perform an ON/OFF control to apply the feedback voltage to a first input terminal of the error amplifier or not to apply the feedback voltage to the first input terminal;
a second switch configured to perform an ON/OFF control to apply the highest voltage among the total forward drop voltages to a second input terminal of the error amplifier or not to apply the highest voltage to the second input terminal;
a slope voltage generating circuit configured to generate a slope voltage;
a PWM comparator configured to generate a pulse modulation signal having a duty ratio based on the slope voltage and the error signal;
a drive amplifier that is controlled by the pulse modulation signal output from the PWM comparator and drives a switching element configured to supply the drive voltage to the plurality of element arrays; and
a PWM width detector configured to detect a pulse width of the pulse modulation signal,
wherein the PWM width detector outputs a pulse width detection signal having different levels between when the pulse width of the pulse modulation signal is less than a predetermined threshold value and when the pulse width is equal to or greater than the threshold value, and switches ON/OFF of the first switch and the second switch based on the pulse width detection signal wherein the slope voltage generating circuit is controlled by a slope offset adjuster that is turned on or off by the pulse width detection signal, and wherein the DC potential of the slope voltage is adjusted depending on whether the slope offset adjuster is turned on or turned off.

US Pat. No. 10,405,385

ELIMINATING FLICKER AT LIGHT LOAD FOR DRIVER COMPATIBLE WITH NAFTA DIM ECG

LEDVANCE GMBH, Garching ...

1. An electronic driver for transforming an input voltage provided by an electrical ballast into an operating voltage for an LED lighting module, the electronic driver comprising:an input for connecting the electrical ballast to the electronic driver;
an output for connecting the LED lighting module to the electronic driver; and
a bypass circuit, wherein the bypass circuit is:
connected in parallel to the output when a low input voltage is provided at the input, wherein the low input voltage corresponds to a voltage during at least one of a preheating stage and a dimming stage of the electrical ballast, and
disconnected from the output when a high input voltage is provided at the input, wherein the high input voltage corresponds to a regular operation voltage of the LED lighting module;
wherein the electronic driver exhibits a hysteresis in operation, wherein the hysteresis is provided by the bypass circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,405,384

DRIVING CIRCUIT USING BUCK CONVERTER CAPABLE OF GENERATING SUFFICIENT VOLTAGE TO POWER A LED CIRCUIT AND ASSOCIATED AUXILIARY CIRCUITRY IN A NORMAL MODE OF OPERATION, AND INSUFFICIENT TO POWER THE LED CIRCUIT BUT SUFFICIENT TO POWER THE ASSOCIATED AUXILIA

STMicroelectronics Intern...

1. A circuit, comprising:a voltage converter configured to convert a source voltage to a supply voltage at a first node as a function of a feedback voltage at a feedback node;
a first output path coupled between the first node and a second node; and
feedback circuitry configured:
when the circuit is in a first mode of operation, to couple the second node to the feedback node if a voltage at the second node exceeds a first overvoltage; and
when the circuit is in a second mode of operation, to couple the second node to the feedback node if the voltage at the second node exceeds a second overvoltage less than the first overvoltage; and
impedance circuitry coupled between the first node and a third node and configured to generate an auxiliary supply voltage and an auxiliary ground voltage when the circuit is in both the first and second modes of operation, the auxiliary supply voltage being less than the supply voltage in both the first and second modes of operation.

US Pat. No. 10,405,383

METHOD OF CONTROLLING A LIGHTING ARRANGEMENT, A LIGHTING CONTROL CIRCUIT AND A LIGHTING SYSTEM

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A lighting control circuit for controlling a lighting arrangement comprising a plurality of strings connected in parallel with each other, the plurality of strings comprising a first string and a second string, the first string comprising a first light source, the second string comprising a second light source and a disable switch, the second light source being connected in series with the disable switch, the first light source and the second light source having different color points, the lighting control circuit comprising:a current driver for delivering a required average output current (Iconverter) to the lighting arrangement, the current driver having an input for receiving a current driver setting (PWM_current_setpoint) to deliver a required output to the lighting arrangement;
a controller comprising an external input for deriving a desired output color and/or a desired dimming level, and being arranged for:
controlling the disable switch by translating the desired output color into a required duty cycle of the disable switch (PWM_dimtone) to obtain different colors;
linearly scaling the duty cycle of the disable switch (PWM_dimtone) based on the desired dimming level;
determining the required average output current (Iconverter) based on the scaled duty cycle of the disable switch (PWM_dimtone);
determining an average output voltage required across the plurality of strings (Vav); and
determining the current driver setting (PWM_current_setpoint) based on the determined required average output current (Iconverter) and the determined average output voltage (Vav).

US Pat. No. 10,405,382

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SHAPING INPUT CURRENT IN LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) SYSTEM

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method for controlling a light emitting diode (LED) system, the method comprising:detecting a phase angle of a rectified input signal, the phase angle being a difference between a half period of the rectified input signal and a phase-cut of the rectified input signal;
determining a current shaping signal using the detected phase angle; and
adjusting the rectified input signal in response to the current shaping signal,
wherein adjusting the rectified input signal includes increasing a magnitude of a current of the rectified input signal in a time interval corresponding to the phase angle when the phase angle is decreased.

US Pat. No. 10,405,381

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE CONTROL CIRCUIT WITH WIDE RANGE INPUT VOLTAGE

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A light emitting diode (LED) control circuit comprising:a high-side diode string having a first end and a second end, the first end of the high-side diode string connected to an input voltage of the LED control circuit;
a sense resistor having a first end and a second end, the first end of the sense resistor connected to the second end of the high-side diode string;
an inductor having a first end and a second end, the first end of the inductor coupled to the second end of the sense resistor;
a switch that is configured to connect and disconnect the second end of the inductor to ground;
an LED circuit having a first end and a second end, the first end of the LED circuit coupled directly to a switch node between the inductor and the switch, the second end of the LED circuit coupled to the input voltage, and the LED circuit distinct from the high-side diode string; and
a controller integrated circuit (IC) that is configured to receive a sense voltage that is developed on the sense resistor and to control a switching operation of the switch;
wherein the controller IC has a first pin that is configured to receive the sense voltage, and wherein a breakdown voltage specification of the first pin is lower than the input voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,405,380

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR HEATING USING RF ENERGY

GOJI LIMITED, Hamilton (...

1. A method of heating an object by applying to the object radio frequency (RF) energy at a plurality of modulation space elements, the method comprising:determining, for each of the plurality of modulation space elements, a value indicative of energy absorbable by the object; and
applying RF energy to the object based on the values respectively determined for the plurality of modulation space elements, including:
providing a first energy absorption threshold; and
avoiding applying RF energy at one or more of the plurality of modulation space elements, wherein the one or more values respectively determined for the one or more of the plurality of modulation space elements are above the provided first energy absorption threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,405,378

HIGH FREQUENCY POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM WITH CLOSELY REGULATED OUTPUT FOR HEATING A WORKPIECE

THERMATOOL CORP., East H...

1. A high frequency electrical heating system for a heating of a portion or a portions of a metal part or parts as the portion or the portions of the metal part or parts are advanced, the high frequency electrical heating system comprising:a solid state electrical inverter having an inverter output leads for providing a high frequency electrical power, a magnitude and a frequency of the high frequency electrical power dependent upon an impedance of a load connected to the solid state electrical inverter, the load comprising a means for causing an electrical heating current to flow in the portion or the portions of the metal part or parts while advancing the metal part or parts; and
a load matching and frequency control apparatus connected to the inverter output leads and to the means for causing the electrical heating current to flow in the portion or the portions, the load matching and frequency control apparatus comprising:
a first pair of variable reactors electrically connected in series in the inverter output leads and the load and a second pair of variable reactors electrically connected in parallel with the inverter output leads, each of the first pair of variable reactors and each of the second pair of variable reactors producing a variable energy fields when electrically energized, the variable energy fields and the first and the second pairs of variable reactors, being variable in reactance, by a variable energy field varying means adjacent thereto and movable with respect thereto; and
at least one capacitor electrically connected to the inverter output leads and the load.

US Pat. No. 10,405,377

COOKING VESSEL FOR AN INDUCTION COOKTOP

Wipro Limited, Bangalore...

1. A cooking vessel for an induction cooktop, the cooking vessel comprising:at least one movable magnetic material base plate provided at a bottom of the cooking vessel, wherein the movable magnetic material base plate directly transfers heat from the induction cooktop to contents in the cooking vessel;
an insulation pocket comprising a thermally and electrically non-conductive solid material and configured to house the at least one movable magnetic material base plate, wherein at least a portion of the thermally and electrically non-conductive solid material when housing the at least one movable magnetic material base plate is positioned directly between the at least one movable magnetic material base plate and the induction cooktop to thermally and electrically insulate the at least one movable magnetic material base plate from the induction cooktop;
an actuator configured to displace the at least one movable magnetic material base plate based on a control signal; and
at least one non-magnetic material base plate placed adjacent to the at least one movable magnetic material base plate, wherein the non-magnetic material base plate blocks transfer of heat from the induction cooktop to the contents when the actuator displaces the at least one movable magnetic material base plate from directly transferring heat from the induction cooktop to contents in the cooking vessel to the insulation pocket, based on the control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,405,376

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TREATING SUBSTRATE

Semes Co., Ltd., Chungch...

1. A method for treating a substrate, the method comprising:uniformly heating the substrate supported by a support unit by means of a plurality of heaters respectively installed in a plurality of zones of the support unit, the uniformly heating including,
heating the plurality of heaters in a first mode until the plurality of zones reach a target temperature, the first mode being a mode in which the plurality of heaters are provided with powers different from each other, and
heating the plurality of heaters in a second mode different from the first mode after the plurality of zones reach the target temperature,
wherein the plurality of heaters includes a first heater having a lowermost temperature-rising rate and the other heaters, and the heating the plurality of heaters to be in the first mode including (1) setting a first power to be provided to the first heater and (2) setting second powers applied to the other heaters to limit temperature-rising rates thereof,
the heating the plurality of heaters in the first mode includes heating the plurality of heaters using a feed forward method, and
the heating the plurality of heaters in the second mode includes heating the plurality of heaters using a proportional integral derivative (PID) controller.

US Pat. No. 10,405,375

LAMPHEAD PCB WITH FLEXIBLE STANDOFFS

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A thermal process structure comprising:a printed circuit board comprising one or more contact points;
a plurality of standoffs having different lengths increased in a radial direction from a center of the printed circuit board to an edge of the printed circuit board, each standoff comprising a radiation source socket and a first adaptor for electrically connecting the standoff to the one or more contact points; and
a plurality of radiation sources having a radiation source base including a second adaptor for electrically connecting to the radiation source-socket.

US Pat. No. 10,405,374

ANTENNA SYSTEM FOR HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY DEVICE

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A head mounted display (HMD) device comprising:a housing configured to mount on a face of a user and comprising a metal layer disposed at an interior surface of the housing;
at least one display mounted in the housing;
a wireless personal area network (WPAN) antenna mounted in a medial region of the housing, the WPAN antenna comprising a directional patch antenna, wherein the WPAN antenna comprises:
a feed line;
a three-dimensional (3D) conductive ground plane comprising:
a plurality of conductive sidewalls, wherein the plurality of sidewalls comprise one or more metal layers disposed on corresponding surfaces of the 3D structure; and
a ground plane structure disposed at a first end of the sidewalls, the ground plane structure perpendicular to the plurality of sidewalls and electrically coupled to the plurality of conductive sidewalls, wherein the ground plane structure comprises a sheet metal structure conductively coupled to the one or more metal layers of the plurality of sidewalls, wherein the sheet metal structure comprises a first plurality of sheet metal spring contacts, each sheet metal spring contact configured to mechanically and electrically couple the sheet metal structure to a corresponding sidewall of the plurality of sidewalls via corresponding contact indentions in the corresponding sidewall, wherein the sheet metal structure comprises a second plurality of sheet metal spring contacts to contact the metal layer disposed at the interior surface; and
a radiating surface disposed at a second end of the sidewalls opposite of the first end, the radiating surface comprising a patch antenna structure coupled to the feed line, wherein the patch antenna structure comprises:
a radiating patch; and
a feed patch capacitively coupled to the radiating patch, wherein the radiating patch and feed patch comprise one or more metal layers disposed on a corresponding surface of a non-conductive 3D structure; and
first and second wireless local area network (WLAN) antennas located at respective lateral peripheral regions of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,405,373

DISTRIBUTED CORE ARCHITECTURE FOR IMPLEMENTING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

NEC CORPORATION, (JP)

1. A system for implementing a distributed core architecture of a wireless communication network, comprising:a plurality of devices configured to communicate with one or more UE devices to implement the wireless communication network;
wherein a given one of the plurality of devices includes:
at least one processor operatively coupled to a memory; and
a core agent implemented by the at least one processor, the core agent including:
a controller for controlling functionality of the device;
a switch operatively coupled to the controller;
a precomputed policy data store for storing precomputed policies associated with at least security and service;
mobility and policy applications; and
a set of core applications including an inter-agent communication application for communicating with other core agents associated with other devices of the wireless communication network, and a control application for controlling the device;wherein the core agent is further configured to send a plurality of broadcast update messages to build a consistent network-wide view of UE device states, the plurality of broadcast update messages including:a security update to notify the other core agents that the core agent has used a pair of security vectors precomputed for a particular UE device and to request the other agents to invalidate the pair of security vectors;
a location update to notify the other agents that a particular UE device has attached to the core agent; and
a policy update to communicate local changes to at least one of the precomputed policies of a particular UE device.

US Pat. No. 10,405,372

FRAME TRANSMISSION METHOD PERFORMED IN ACCESS POINT, FRAME RECEPTION METHOD PERFORMED IN TERMINAL, AND ACCESS POINT

1. An operation method performed in an access point (AP), the operation method comprising:generating a physical layer convergence procedure (PLCP) protocol data unit (PPDU) including a plurality of data units; and
transmitting the PPDU based on an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) manner,
wherein the plurality of data units includes a first data unit for a first station and a second data unit for a second station, the first data unit and the second data unit are multiplexed in a frequency domain, a padding is appended to each of the first data unit and the second data unit so that a length of a first payload including the first data unit is configured to be identical with a length of a second payload including the second data unit, the PPDU includes a signal (SIG) field, and the SIG field includes first identifier of the first station and a second identifier of the second station.

US Pat. No. 10,405,371

ENHANCED NODE B, USER EQUIPMENT AND METHODS FOR DISCONTINUOUS RECEPTION IN INTER-ENB CARRIER AGGREGATION

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus of user equipment (UE) configurable for connectivity with multiple cell groups entities, the apparatus comprising:memory; and
processing circuitry, configured to:
decode radio-resource control (RRC) signaling from a first cell group associated with a first enhanced node B (eNB), the RRC signaling to configure the UE with a second cell group, the second cell group associated with a secondary eNB, the UE configured to utilize scheduled radio resources of both the first and second cell groups;
decode a first medium-access control (MAC) configuration element received for the first cell group and a second MAC configuration element for the second cell group, the MAC configuration elements to configure the UE for independent discontinuous reception (DRX) operations and independent buffer status reporting operations for each cell group, wherein the first MAC configuration element includes DRX configuration information and buffer status report (BSR) configuration information for the first cell group, and wherein the second MAC configuration element includes DRX configuration information and BSR configuration information for the second cell group;
perform buffer status reporting and DRX operations for the second cell group independently of buffer status reporting and DRX operations for the first cell group, wherein an independent retxBSR-Timer and periodicBSR-Timer are maintained for each of cell group;
configure first uplink data for transmission to the first eNB in accordance with scheduling information received for the first cell group; and
configure second uplink data for transmission to the second eNB in accordance with scheduling information received for the second cell group.

US Pat. No. 10,405,370

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DATA EXCHANGE BETWEEN GATEWAYS

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

7. A method for a first mobile device of a first user using a second mobile device of a second user as an anchor for accessing the Internet, comprising:establishing, by the second mobile device, a connection with the first mobile device, wherein the first mobile device is configured to manage a human body device of a first user, and the second mobile device is configured to manage a human body device of a second user;
sending, by the second mobile device, collaboration information to the first mobile device via the connection, wherein the collaboration information comprises cellular network performance information of the second mobile device, to facilitate the first mobile device determining, according to the cellular network performance information of the second mobile device, whether to use the second mobile device as an anchor for accessing the Internet; and
serving, by the second mobile device, as an anchor to the first mobile device for accessing the Internet to connect the human body device of the first user to the Internet.

US Pat. No. 10,405,369

SLAVE BLUETOOTH DEVICE SWITCHING BETWEEN ACTIVE BLUETOOTH CONNECTIONS WITH DIFFERENT MASTER BLUETOOTH DEVICES

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

1. A slave Bluetooth device comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory connected to the at least one processor and storing program code that is executed by the at least one processor to perform operations comprising:
establishing a first connection with a first master Bluetooth device that operates in a master mode, wherein the slave Bluetooth device operates in a slave mode when communicating through the first connection with the first master Bluetooth device;
communicating a first connection parameter update request packet containing a first timeout value through the first connection toward the first master Bluetooth device; and
establishing a second connection with a second master Bluetooth device that operates in a master mode, wherein the slave Bluetooth device operates in the slave mode when communicating through the second connection with the second master Bluetooth device;
communicating a second connection parameter update request packet containing a second timeout value through the second connection toward the second master Bluetooth device; and
alternating during non-overlapping time slots between at least: 1) monitoring the first connection for traffic transmitted by the first master Bluetooth device while not monitoring the second connection; and 2) monitoring the second connection for traffic transmitted by the second master Bluetooth device while not monitoring the first connection; and
controlling a rate at which the alternating is performed based on at least one of the first timeout value and the second timeout value.

US Pat. No. 10,405,368

CELLULAR DUAL CONNECTIVITY SETUP

T-Mobile USA, Inc., Bell...

1. A telecommunication device, comprising:a first radio;
a second radio;
one or more processors;
one or more non-transitory computer-readable media storing computer-executable instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to perform actions comprising:
establishing a primary radio transmission uplink in a first radio frequency band using the first radio;
receiving a request for a secondary radio transmission uplink in a second radio frequency band;
determining whether the telecommunication device supports concurrent radio transmissions in the first and second radio frequency bands by the first and second radios, respectively;
determining a decreased amount of receiver sensitivity, of at least one of the first and second radios, that would result from concurrent transmissions in the first and second radio frequency bands by the first and second radios; and
in response to determining that the telecommunication device does not support concurrent transmissions in the first and second radio frequency bands by the first and second radios: (a) sending a refusal of the request for a secondary radio transmission uplink and (b) sending a sensitivity parameter that is based at least in part on the decreased amount of receiver sensitivity.

US Pat. No. 10,405,367

METHODS USED IN USER EQUIPMENT AND ASSOCIATED UES

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method used in a User Equipment (UE) for transmitting data to a network side via at least a first connection and at least a second connection, the method comprising:transmitting a first number, M of Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP) Packet Data Units (PDUs) via the first connection;
transmitting a second number, N of PDCP PDUs via the second connection;
comparing the first number, M, of PDCP PDUs that have been successfully transmitted via the first connection with the second number, N, of PDCP PDUs that have been successfully transmitted via the second connection; wherein each number of PDCP PDUs that have been successfully transmitted via each connection is determined based on a Radio Link Control (RLC) feedback from the network side; and
if M is larger than N by a predetermined threshold number, S, of PDCP PDUs, refraining from transmitting S PDCP PDUs to be transmitted following the N PDCP PDUs in the data via the second connection, thereby to alleviate pending translations at the UE to get a higher uplink transmission efficiency from Multiple Point Diversity (MPD).

US Pat. No. 10,405,366

COORDINATED BEAMFORMING

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method for establishing a connection between multiple access points to a mobile device, comprising:communicating over a first wireless connection between a first access point (AP) and a mobile device, wherein:
the first AP has a first coverage area,
the first wireless connection has a first data communication rate, and
the first AP uses a first media access control (MAC) address for the first wireless connection;
receiving a message from the mobile device requesting a wireless connection having a higher data communication rate than the first data communication rate;
identifying a second AP having a second coverage area overlapping with the first coverage area;
determining that the second AP is capable of communicating with the first AP;
sending an instruction to the mobile device to communicate using a second wireless connection associated with a second MAC address, the second wireless connection having a second data communication rate greater than the first data communication rate;
sending, to the mobile device from the first AP using the second connection and the second MAC address, first content data; and
sending, to the mobile device from the second AP using the second connection and the second MAC address, the first content data.

US Pat. No. 10,405,365

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR WEB BROWSING ON MULTIHOMED MOBILE DEVICES

1. A method comprising:establishing, via a processor, a primary multipath transmission control protocol subflow for a transfer of a resource to be transferred from a server to a user endpoint device;
determining, via the processor, a threshold of resource size, wherein the threshold is calculated dynamically as a function of a round trip time between the user endpoint device and the server and a throughput of the primary multipath transmission control protocol subflow;
receiving, via the processor, a defined size of the resource to be transferred; and
establishing, via the processor, a secondary multipath transmission control protocol subflow that cooperates with the primary multipath transmission control protocol subflow for the transfer of the resource to be transferred from the server to the user endpoint device, when the defined size of the resource to be transferred is determined to exceed the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,405,364

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING INFORMATION FOR D2D OPERATION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for operating a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:transmitting a message including information which informs that the UE wants to transmit and/or receive a device-to-device (D2D) discovery signal to a network;
receiving information on a D2D gap; and
transmitting, to another UE, and/or receiving, from another UE, the D2D discovery signal in the D2D gap.

US Pat. No. 10,405,363

D2D MODE B DISCOVERY SECURITY METHOD, TERMINAL AND SYSTEM, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

ZTE CORPORATION, (CN)

1. A security method for D2D mode B discovery, comprising:an active terminal calculating a query message integrity protection code, MIC, sending a ProSe query code, the query MIC, and a time calibration value, to a passive terminal;
the active terminal receiving a ProSe response code and a response MIC which are sent back from the passive terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,405,362

COMMUNICATION DEVICE, COMMUNICATION DEVICE CONTROL METHOD, AND DISPLAY SYSTEM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A display device which can be connected to an external device via a network, the display device comprising:a hardware communication interface that communicates with the external device, and
a hardware display unit that displays an image based on image data received from the external device by the hardware communication interface,
wherein the hardware display unit displays:
(1) in a case where no connection has been established between the display device and another external device, a presentation image to inform a user that the display device can be connected to the external device by either a first connection method or a second connection method which is different from the first connection method;
(2) in a case where a connection has been established between the display device and another external device by the first connection method, a presentation image to inform the user that the display device can be connected to the external device by the first connection method but not by the second connection method; and
(3) in a case where a connection has been established between the display device and another external device by the second connection method, a presentation image to inform the user that the display device can be connected to the external device by the second connection method but not by the first connection method.

US Pat. No. 10,405,361

SWITCHING-ON METHOD, BASE STATION, BASE STATION CONTROLLER, SWITCHING-ON SYSTEM AND STORAGE MEDIUM

ZTE CORPORATION, (CN)

1. A switching-on method for implementing automatic switching-on of base station, applied on a base station, comprising:establishing, by the base station, an interactive link with a base station controller;
transmitting, by the base station, an identifier uniquely identifying the base station; and
receiving, by the base station, switching-on parameters corresponding to the identifier and executing the switching-on parameters,
wherein, when the base station is at a non-final level among multi-level base stations, the method, after the establishing, by the base station, an interactive link with a base station controller, comprises:
configuring, by the base station, a cross timeslot for the base station, the cross timeslot comprising communication parameters required for establishing an interactive link between another base station downstream to the base station and the base station controller.

US Pat. No. 10,405,360

METHOD AND EQUIPMENT FOR ESTABLISHING MILLIMETRE CONNECTION

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A first transceiver for establishing a wireless millimeter connection between said first transceiver and a second transceiver, comprising:an antenna;
a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory to execute computer instructions stored in the memory to cause the first transceiver to perform the steps of:
receiving and using a first set of reception directional beams for testing signal intensities of a first set of transmission directional beams transmitted by the second transceiver in different directions via different sub-bands to differentiate the transmission directional beams in the first set to generate a result;
transmitting the result of the signal intensities test to the second transceiver;
receiving an indication of a first pair of directional beams having a first strongest signal intensity, wherein the first pair of directional beams comprises a reception directional beam of the first set of reception directional beams and a transmission directional beam of the first set of the transmission directional beams; and
establishing a first connection between the first transceiver and the second transceiver using the first pair of directional beams;
receiving and using a second set of reception directional beams for testing signal intensities of a second set of transmission directional beams transmitted by the second transceiver in different directions via the different sub-bands to differentiate the transmission directional beams in the second set, wherein the different directions of the second set of transmission directional beams are in the vicinity of the direction of the transmission directional beam of the first pair of directional beams;
transmitting a result of the signal intensities test of the second set of transmission directional beams to the second transceiver and receiving an indication of a second pair of directional beams having a second strongest signal intensity, wherein the signal intensity of the second pair of directional beams is stronger than the signal intensity of the first pair of directional beams wherein the second pair of directional beams comprises a reception directional beam of the second set of reception directional beams and a transmission directional beam of the second set of transmission directional beams; and
establishing a second connection between the first transceiver and the second transceiver using the second pair of directional beams; and
wherein the first transceiver is a mobile terminal and wherein the number of the transmission directional beams in the second set of transmission directional beams is associated to motion characteristics of the mobile terminal such that when the mobile terminal moves in higher speed, the number of transmission directional beams in the second set of transmission directional beams is higher than the number of transmission directional beams in the first set of transmission directional beams.

US Pat. No. 10,405,359

TERMINAL DEVICE, BASE STATION DEVICE, AND USABLE ARCHITECTURE DETERMINATION METHOD

KDDI CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A terminal device, comprising:a storage media configured to store support architecture information corresponding to at least one of first and second architectures, wherein the first architecture is configured to establish communication links with a communication equipment via a first base station device and a second base station device separately, while the second architecture is configured to establish communication links with the communication equipment such that a first communication link runs through the first base station device, while a second communication link runs through the first base station device and the second base station device;
a wireless communicator connectible to the first base station device and the second base station device; and
a controller configured to control the wireless communicator to transmit the support architecture information corresponding to the at least one of first and second architectures to at least one of the first and second base station devices,
wherein the wireless communicator communicates with the communication equipment via at least one of the first and second base station devices according to a usable architecture, which is determined based on the support architecture information and a commonly-shared architecture, representing at least one of the first and second architectures, commonly shared by the first and second base station devices,
wherein the terminal device is configured to determine the usable architecture according to one of (i) through (iii):
(i) determine the first architecture when the support architecture information indicates the first architecture while the commonly-shared architecture indicates the first architecture,
(ii) determine the second architecture when the support architecture information indicates the second architecture while the commonly-shared architecture indicates the second architecture on a condition that a maximum transmission rate between the first base station device and the second base station device is above a predetermined threshold, and
(iii) determine either the first architecture or the second architecture depending on a QoS (Quality of Service) of the terminal device when the support architecture information indicates both the first and second architectures while the first and second base station devices commonly share the first and second architectures on the condition that the maximum transmission rate between the first base station device and the second base station device is above the predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,405,358

DATA COMMUNICATION USAGE TRACKING IN A WIRELESS RELAY

Sprint Communications Com...

1. A method of operating a wireless relay to track and report internet access by data amount per a time period, the method comprising:the wireless relay establishing a wireless signaling link to a Mobility Management Entity (MME) over a wireless base station and a network gateway system;
the wireless relay establishing a wireline signaling link to an MME over the LAN/WAN and the network gateway system;
the wireless relay establishing a wireless data link to the internet over the wireless base station and the network gateway system, identifying different media types for the wireless data link, and tracking wireless data usage for the different media types over the wireless data link to the internet, wherein the network gateway system performs a Network Address/Port Translation (NAPT) for the internet access over the wireless data link;
the wireless relay establishing a wireline data link to the internet over a Local Area Network/Wide Area Network (LAN/WAN) and the network gateway system, identifying different media types for the wireline data link, and tracking wireline data usage for the different media types over the wireline data link to the internet, wherein the network gateway system performs a NAPT for the internet access over the wireline data link;
the wireless relay establishing a Local Internet Protocol Access (LIPA) link to the internet over the LAN/WAN that does not traverse the network gateway system, identifying different media types for the LIPA link, and tracking LIPA data usage for the different media types over the LIPA link to the internet, wherein the LAN/WAN performs a NAPT for the internet access over the LIPA link; and
the wireless relay transferring corresponding wireless usage data, wireline usage data, and LIPA usage data for the different media types for delivery to a network control server.

US Pat. No. 10,405,357

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SMART VEHICLE GATEWAY MULTI-HOP NETWORKED COMMUNICATION USING CONTEXT AWARE RADIO COMMUNICATION MANAGEMENT

Dell Products, LP, Round...

1. A first information handling system functioning as a smart vehicle gateway comprising:a wireless adapter to communicate with a wireless link, wherein at least one wireless link is a multi-hop wireless link between the first information handling system and a tethered second information handling system operating within peer-to-peer wireless range of a first detected location;
a storage device to store a spatial-temporal user profile comprising wireless device usage trend data for a plurality of locations where the smart vehicle gateway has operated;
a positional detector to detect the first detected location of the smart vehicle gateway;
an application processor to determine an available peer-to-peer wireless protocol link operating at the tethered second information handling system to establish a multi-hop wireless link;
the application processor to determine a list of optimal available wireless protocols at the first detected location based on a mobile wireless traffic report with a spatial-temporal radio frequency profile indicating signal quality for a plurality of wireless links and based on the wireless device usage trend data of a wireless upstream link for the smart vehicle gateway operating the first information handling system in tandem with the tethered second information handling system for the first detected location;
the application processor determining whether the multi-hop wireless link is included in the list of optimal available wireless protocols at the first detected location based on a link rating for an available wireless protocol operating at an anchor mobile gateway device of the smart vehicle gateway in the multi-hop wireless link having the upstream wireless link to a wireless wide area network (WWAN); and
the wireless adapter establishing a selected optimal wireless link.

US Pat. No. 10,405,356

DISTRIBUTION OF TIME-DIVISION MULTIPLEXED (TDM) MANAGEMENT SERVICES IN A DISTRIBUTED ANTENNA SYSTEM, AND RELATED COMPONENTS, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS

Corning Optical Communica...

1. A wireless communications system comprising:at least one central unit configured to:
receive a plurality of downlink management signals from at least one management controller for distribution to a respective plurality of remote units;
time-division multiplex (TDM) the plurality of downlink management signals into time slots of the respective plurality of remote units to form a TDM downlink management frame signal;
receive downlink radio frequency (RF) communication signals of at least one RF communications frequency band for at least one RF communications service;
combine the TDM downlink management frame signal with the downlink RF communication signals; and
send the combined TDM downlink management frame signal and the downlink RF communications signals to the plurality of remote units over a downlink communications link; and
at least one of the plurality of remote units configured to:
receive a plurality of uplink management signals from at least one client device;
time-division multiplex (TDM) the plurality of uplink management signals into individual time slots to form a TDM uplink management frame signal;
receive uplink RF communication signals of at least one RF communications frequency band for at least one RF communications service;
combine the TDM uplink management frame signal with the uplink RF communication signals; and
send the combined TDM uplink management frame signal and the uplink RF communications signals to the at least one central unit over an uplink communications link,
wherein the central unit is further configured to receive a plurality of combined uplink RF communications signals and TDM uplink management frame signals over an uplink communications link from each of the plurality of remote units for the at least one RF communications service.

US Pat. No. 10,405,355

LTE RACH PROCEDURE ENHANCEMENT

HFI Innovation INC., Hsi...

1. A method, comprising:sending a random access channel (RACH) preamble by a user equipment (UE) to a base station in a wireless network;
receiving an uplink (UL) grant from the base station, wherein the UL grant includes a random access preamble identification (RAPID);
receiving one or more Msg3 collision resolution signal from the base station when the Msg3 is not decoded correctly at the base station, wherein the Msg3 collision resolution signal is selected from a signal set comprising a set of demodulation reference signal (DMRS) seeds, a Msg3 ACK for a failed Msg3 decoding at the base station, and a mac-ContentionResolutionTimer termination indicator;
performing one or more Msg3 collision resolution procedures based on the received one or more Msg3 collision resolution signal when the Msg3 was not decoded correctly by the base station, and wherein the Msg3 collision resolution terminates a Msg3 transmission or retransmission before a maximum number of Msg3 retransmission is reached and before an expiration of a mac-ContentionResolutionTimer.

US Pat. No. 10,405,354

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RACH PROCEDURE IN WIRELESS SYSTEMS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A user equipment (UE) for random access operation in a wireless communication system, the UE comprising:at least one transceiver configured to receive, from a base station (BS), configuration information indicating a random access channel (RACH) occasion that includes at least one RACH chunk, the at least one RACH chunk including at least one RACH symbol; and
at least one processor configured to determine a RACH chunk from the at least one RACH chunk and the RACH occasion based on the configuration information received from the BS,
wherein the transceiver is further configured to transmit, to the BS, a RACH preamble on the determined RACH chunk according to the configuration information, and
wherein the processor is further configured to:
use an index of the RACH occasion and an index of the RACH chunk determined for transmitting the RACH preamble to calculate a random access radio network temporary identification (RA-RNTI); and
use the calculated RA-RNTI to detect a RACH response from the BS.

US Pat. No. 10,405,353

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RANDOM ACCESS IN WIRELESS SYSTEMS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

8. A user equipment (UE) for random access operation in a wireless communication system, the UE comprising:at least one transceiver configured to:
receive, from a base station (BS), configuration information comprising (i) a random access channel (RACH) occasion that includes at least one RACH chunk that includes at least one RACH symbol and (ii) information indicating an association between a transmit (Tx) beam identification (ID) and a set of RACH preambles; and
at least one processor configured to:
determine a RACH preamble from the set of RACH preambles and a RACH chunk from the at least one RACH chunk based on the configuration information received from the BS,
wherein the transceiver is further configured to:
transmit, to the BS, the RACH preamble over the RACH chunk; and
receive, from the BS, a RACH response corresponding to the RACH preamble sent over the RACH chunk.

US Pat. No. 10,405,352

EFFICIENT TRANSMISSION OF A RESPONSE SIGNAL FOR A RANDOM ACCESS PREAMBLE TRANSMITTED FROM LEGACY OR EXTENSION CARRIER CAPABLE DEVICES

Sun Patent Trust, New Yo...

4. A radio communication terminal comprising:reception circuitry, which, in operation, receives broadcast information including resource information indicative of a first resource group,
wherein the first resource group is selectable only by terminals which support a random access response reception using a Demodulation Reference Signal (DMRS), and the first resource group consists of at least two resource sub-groups respectively associated with corresponding threshold values of path loss between a radio communication terminal of the terminals and a base station, and receives a random access response, and
wherein time settings for retransmission are set respectively for the first resource group and a second resource group, wherein the second resource group is selectable by terminals which do not support a random access response reception using the DMRS,
transmission circuitry, which, in operation, transmits a random access preamble, and
control circuitry, coupled to the reception circuitry and the transmission circuitry and which, in operation, performs:
selecting one of the at least two resource sub-groups based on a measured value of the path loss and the corresponding threshold value;
controlling the transmission circuitry to transmit a random access preamble using the selected resource sub-group; and
controlling the reception circuitry to receive a random access response using the DMRS.

US Pat. No. 10,405,351

TRANSMISSION METHOD FOR MULTI USER IN WIRELESS LOCAL AREA NETWORK

NEWRACOM, INC., Lake For...

1. An operation method of a first station in a wireless local area network (WLAN), the method comprising:determining, by the first station, an number of symbols to be used to transmit a High Efficiency Signal B (HE-SIG-B) field;
generating, by the first station, a High Efficiency Signal A (HE-SIG-A) field, the HE-SIG-A field including an indication of the determined number of symbols to be used to transmit the HE-SIG-B field;
generating, by the first station, a physical layer protocol data unit (PPDU) including a legacy preamble, a high efficiency (HE) preamble, and a payload, the HE preamble including the HE-SIG-A field and the HE-SIG-B field; and
transmitting, by the first station, the PPDU, transmitting the PPDU including transmitting the HE-SIG-B field according to the determined number of symbols number of symbols to be used to transmit the HE-SIG-B field.

US Pat. No. 10,405,350

UNLICENSED CARRIER CONTENTION METHOD AND APPARATUS

ZTE CORPORATION, Shenzhe...

1. An unlicensed carrier contention method, comprising:performing, by a Licensed Assisted Access (LAA) device, a Clear Channel Assessment (CCA) on a channel, and after sensing the channel is idle during the CCA, proceeding to execute the following operations:
S1: if a random withdrawal number N>0, decrementing, by the LAA device, N by one, wherein N is randomly generated by the LAA device or configured by another device and is a nonnegative integer;
S2: sensing, by the LAA device, the channel through the CCA and executing S3 if the channel is sensed to be idle, otherwise executing S4;
S3: if N=0, using, by the LAA device, an unlicensed carrier for data transmission, otherwise executing S1;
S4: sensing, by the LAA device, the channel through the CCA; and
S5: if the channel is sensed to be idle, executing S1 or S3 by the LAA device, otherwise executing S4 by the LAA device,
wherein the CCA performed by the LAA device in S2 is one CCA of an extended Clear Channel Assessment (eCCA), and
wherein the CCA performed by the LAA device in S4 is the same as the CCA initially performed by the LAA device, both being initial CCAs.

US Pat. No. 10,405,348

SLOTTED TRANSMISSION AND DIRECTIONAL RECEPTION OF RTS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication by a first wireless device, comprising:determining spatial directions of a plurality of wireless devices including a second wireless device and at least one other wireless device;
selecting a sweeping pattern of the first wireless device indicating one or more angular regions for receiving signals from the second wireless device based on the determined spatial directions;
transmitting, to the second wireless device, information including the sweeping pattern of the first wireless device and at least one time slot during which the first wireless device will listen to transmissions from the second wireless device;
performing, based on the determined spatial directions and the transmitted information, a beam sweep for receiving one or more request to send (RTS) messages, wherein performing the beam sweep comprises listening for an RTS message based on the selected sweeping pattern during the at least one time slot;
determining that the RTS message for a data transmission is received from the second wireless device at a first spatial direction of the determined spatial directions, wherein the RTS message includes a duration field;
setting a network allocation vector (NAV) based on the duration field in the RTS message; and
transmitting a clear to send (CTS) message to authorize the data transmission from the second wireless device, wherein the CTS message is beamformed to the second wireless device after the NAV based on the duration field in the RTS message has expired.

US Pat. No. 10,405,347

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LISTENING BASED TRANSMISSION

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method at a communications device of a first type and operable on an unlicensed spectrum, the method comprising:identifying a beam direction of a beam for a communications device of a second type when there is data directed to the communications device of the second type;
obtaining a backoff counter for the beam direction;
listening simultaneously to a number of beam directions including the beam direction, wherein the number of beam directions is more than one and is selected based on a number of pending beam directions and a number of receiving radio frequency chains of the communications device of the first type, each pending beam direction covering at least one communications device of the second type to which the communications device of the first type has data to be transmitted, and the number of beam directions is selected to be:
equal to the number of receiving radio frequency chains if the number of pending beam directions is greater than the number of receiving radio frequency chains, or
equal to the number of pending beam directions otherwise,
wherein another backoff counter for another beam direction of the number of beam directions is updated, and wherein the another beam direction has been listened to; and
scheduling transmission to the communications device of the second type in the beam direction when the backoff counter corresponding to the beam direction reaches a certain threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,405,346

DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD AND APPARATUS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A data transmission method, comprising:transmitting, by a first device, data using a channel in an unlicensed spectrum,
obtaining, by the first device, feedback information of the transmitted data, the feedback information comprising a request for adjusting a detection moment clear channel assessment (CCA) of the channel in the unlicensed spectrum;
adjusting, by the first device, the detection moment of the CCA of the channel in the unlicensed spectrum after the first device determines, based on the feedback information, that the first device collides with another device when occupying the channel in the unlicensed spectrum to transmit the data; and
occupying, by the first device according to an adjusted detection moment of the CCA of the channel in the unlicensed spectrum, the channel in the unlicensed spectrum to transmit the data.

US Pat. No. 10,405,345

CONFIGURATION OF CELLULAR NETWORK NODES

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method for configuration of a secondary cellular network node for a secondary serving cell associated with a primary serving cell in a carrier aggregation enabled communications network, the method being performed by the secondary cellular network node and comprising the steps of:receiving an indication from a primary cellular network node associated with the primary serving cell to start scanning an unlicensed frequency band for deployment of the secondary serving cell, wherein the indication is received when the primary cellular network node determines a need for configuration of the secondary cellular network node for the secondary serving cell in the unlicensed frequency band;
scanning at least one unlicensed frequency band to determine whether or not interference from transmitting interferers is present in the at least one unlicensed frequency band, wherein parameters for scanning comprises carrier frequency and secondary serving cell bandwidth as recommended by the primary cellular network node;
determining, based on said scanning, at least one frequency interval of said at least one unlicensed frequency band free from said transmitting interferers, wherein said at least one unlicensed frequency interval of said at least one unlicensed frequency band is determined based on at least one of adjacent channel leakage ratio, ACLR, requirements, adjacent channel selectivity, ACS, requirements, bandwidth requirements, and throughput requirements for the secondary serving cell;
transmitting first configuration information of said at least one frequency interval to said primary cellular network node;
deploying the secondary serving cell by configuring the secondary cellular network node for transmission in one of said at least one frequency interval according to a second configuration information being received from said primary cellular network node prior to performing said configuring and is based on said first configuration information, wherein the secondary cellular network node is configured for transmission in a widest of said at least one frequency interval;
transmitting signals in the secondary serving cell according to said second configuration information;
detecting transmission of interference from transmitting interferers in said one of said at least one frequency interval;
terminating transmission of said signals in the secondary serving cell according to said second configuration information; and
transmitting an indication, indicating that the transmission of said signals in the secondary serving cell according to said second configuration information is terminated to said primary cellular network node.

US Pat. No. 10,405,344

ZONE-BASED HOMING AND SCHEDULING FOR CENTRALIZED RADIO ACCESS NETWORK (C-RAN) SYSTEM WITH A CLUSTER OF BASEBAND UNITS

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A system to provide wireless service, the system comprising:a baseband controller cluster; and
a plurality of radio points;
wherein the baseband controller cluster and the plurality of radio points implement a base station to provide wireless service to a plurality of user equipment (UEs) using a common cell;
wherein the baseband controller cluster is communicatively coupled to a core network of a wireless service provider, the baseband controller cluster comprising a plurality of baseband controllers;
wherein the radio points are configured to transmit and receive radio frequency signals to and from the UEs, each of the radio points associated with at least one antenna and remotely located from the baseband controllers cluster, wherein the plurality of radio points is communicatively coupled to the baseband controller cluster; and
wherein the common cell is divided into a plurality of zones, wherein each of the zones is associated with a respective one of the baseband controllers;
wherein one of the baseband controllers is designated as a cell manager;
wherein the cell manager is configured to, for each UE served by the cell, assign one of the baseband controllers to which that UE is homed, wherein the baseband controller to which each UE is homed does not change as the UE moves throughout the cell;
wherein the cell manager is configured to, for each UE served by the cell, host a respective control-plane connection with a core network such that the home controller for that UE communicates control-plane messages with the core network via the cell manager;
wherein each home controller is configured to, for each UE that the home controller serves as the home controller for, host a respective user-plane connection with the core network so that each home controller communicates user-plane messages with the core network over the respective user-plane connection;
wherein the system is configured to select some of the UEs served by the cell to schedule during each current transmission time interval (TTI);
wherein the system is configured to classify each selected UE into one of the zones as a current zone in which that selected UE is currently located;
wherein the system is configured so that, for each selected UE, the baseband controller assigned to the current zone of that selected UE serves as a scheduling controller for that scheduled UE;
wherein the system is configured to determine, for each selected UE, which radio points in the current simulcast group associated with that selected UE are border radio points located outside of the current zone for that selected UE;
wherein the system is configured to, for each border radio point, determine a split of radio resources of the current TTI for that radio point among the scheduling controllers for the selected UEs that have that border radio point in the current simulcast groups thereof; and
wherein each scheduling controller independently allocates radio resources to the selected UEs for which that scheduling controller serves as the scheduling controller while respecting any splits of radio resources that apply to that controller.

US Pat. No. 10,405,343

RADIO FRAME TRANSMISSION METHOD AND WIRELESS NETWORK DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method, comprising:receiving physical random access channel (PRACH) trigger information sent by a first wireless network device, wherein the PRACH trigger information is carried in a first transmission subframe in a first radio frame; and
in response to receiving the PRACH trigger information, sending, to the first wireless network device, a preamble sequence, wherein the preamble sequence is carried in a second transmission subframe in a second radio frame, wherein there is a preset first mapping relationship between a subframe number of the first transmission subframe and a subframe number of the second transmission subframe, and a structure of the first transmission subframe in the first radio frame is different from a structure of the second transmission subframe in the second radio frame.

US Pat. No. 10,405,342

TWO STEP RANDOM ACCESS PROCEDURE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A scheduling entity, comprising:a transceiver;
a memory; and
a processor communicatively coupled to the transceiver and the memory, the processor configured to:
receive via the transceiver a first transmission from a scheduled entity for a random access procedure, the first transmission comprising a physical random access channel (PRACH) preamble sequence and a first message including information for determining a device-specific network identifier for the scheduled entity, wherein the information for determining the device-specific network identifier for the scheduled entity includes at least a portion of a user equipment identity associated with the scheduled entity, one or more parameters associated with resources utilized to send the first transmission, or some combination thereof;
determine the device-specific network identifier for the scheduled entity based on the received information for determining the device-specific network identifier;
detect the PRACH preamble sequence;
decode the first message; and
in response to successfully detecting the preamble and decoding the first message of the first transmission, transmit via the transceiver a second transmission including information on a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) comprising a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) scrambled by the device-specific network identifier for the scheduled entity, and a second message on a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) comprising an indication confirming the PRACH preamble, a timing advance value, a back-off indicator, a contention resolution message, a transmit power control (TPC) command, an uplink resource grant, a downlink resource grant, or some combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,405,341

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING A CONTENTION-BASED PUSCH IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND A DEVICE THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for a User Equipment (UE) operating in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:configuring a contention based (CB) grant;
configuring a prohibit condition indicating that data cannot be transmitted using the configured CB grant;
receiving uplink (UL) data from an upper layer;
determining whether the configured prohibit condition is met for the received UL data; and
transmitting the received UL data using the CB grant if the prohibit condition is not met,
wherein data indicated by the prohibit condition corresponds to a specific Radio Link Control (RLC) mode.

US Pat. No. 10,405,340

SECURITY MESSAGE TRANSMISSION METHOD AND APPARATUS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A security message transmission method, comprising:generating, by a vehicle terminal, a first security message, wherein the first security message carries message type information;
adding priority indication information of the first security message to a geographic information layer of a protocol stack of the vehicle terminal according to the message type information to thereby obtain a second security message, the geographic information layer being provided above a Packet Data Convergence Control (PDCP) layer of the protocol stack;
adding current geographic location (GEO) information and movement attribute information of the vehicle terminal to the geographic information layer, the GEO information including longitude information, latitude information, and altitude information of the vehicle terminal, and the movement attribute information including driving speed information and driving direction information;
determining, at a Media Access Control (MAC) layer of the protocol stack, a transmission path of the second security message according to the priority indication information; and
sending the second security message to a recipient by using a physical layer of the protocol stack corresponding to the determined transmission path, so that the recipient performs forwarding processing on the second security message according to the GEO information and/or the movement attribute information.

US Pat. No. 10,405,339

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A PHYSICAL UPLINK CONTROL CHANNEL ON A SECONDARY CELL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method by a user equipment (UE), comprising:instructing a physical layer of the UE to signal a scheduling request (SR) on a Physical Uplink Control Channel (PUCCH) based on whether scheduling request counter is less than a maximum number of scheduling request transmission; and
transmitting, to an evolved Node B (eNB), the SR on either of the PUCCH on a primary cell (PCell) and the PUCCH on a PUCCH secondary cell (SCell),
wherein the scheduling request counter is incremented in a case that the scheduling request counter is less than the maximum number of scheduling request transmission, and
the SR is set for both the PUCCH PCell and the PUCCH SCell with a single Media Access Control entity.

US Pat. No. 10,405,338

DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND DEVICE THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

11. An uplink (UL) multi-user (MU) receiving method of an Access Point (AP)-Station (STA) in a wireless LAN (WLAN) system, the UL MU receiving method comprising:transmitting a trigger frame comprising resource unit allocation information for orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) transmission;
receiving a UL MU Physical Protocol Data Unit (PPDU) based on the trigger frame; and
transmitting an ACK frame of the UL MU PPDU,
wherein the UL MU PPDU comprises a first legacy preamble and a first High Efficiency (HE) preamble, and the first HE preamble comprises a first HE-SIG-A field and a first HE-SIG-B field, and
wherein the first HE-SIG-A field comprises first Transmission Opportunity (TXOP) duration information related to a first TXOP duration, and the first TXOP duration is set to include a time required to transmit the UL MU PPDU and the ACK frame.

US Pat. No. 10,405,337

METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR UPLINK RANK ADAPTATION

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method for uplink rank adaptation, comprising:transmitting, by a user equipment (UE), one or more pilot signals to a base station, wherein the base station determines a rank for uplink transmission from the UE to the base station based on the one or more pilot signals, and after the determination, selects directly one preferred pre-coding vector for only the determined rank;
receiving, by the UE from the base station, the rank for uplink transmission and the one preferred pre-coding vector;
determining, by the UE, whether to reduce or maintain the rank received from the base station based on a received rank number, wherein reducing the rank comprises reducing rank from a received rank two to rank one when an available uplink power headroom is less than a predetermined threshold for rank two, and wherein maintaining the rank comprises setting to rank one when the received rank is rank one; and
using, by the UE, the reduced or maintained rank for wireless communication of the user equipment in the uplink transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,405,336

METHOD FOR PERFORMING A LOGICAL CHANNEL PRIORITIZATION IN A CARRIER AGGREGATION WITH AT LEAST ONE SCELL OPERATING IN AN UNLICENSED SPECTRUM AND A DEVICE THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for a User Equipment (UE) performing a Logical Channel Prioritization (LCP) procedure in a wireless communication system supporting a carrier aggregation of at least one licensed band and at least one unlicensed band, the method comprising:configuring a plurality of prioritized bit rates (PBRs) corresponding respectively to a plurality of logical channels;
receiving information related to two priority criteria configured for the plurality of logical channels for the LCP procedure, each of the plurality of logical channels having respective logical channel priority for the LCP procedure,
wherein the two priority criteria include a first priority criterion and a second priority criterion,
wherein the first priority criterion is configured in a decreasing order of the logical channel priorities of the plurality of logical channels,
wherein, in the decreasing order, one of the plurality of logical channels, having a higher logical channel priority, is allocated, in advance, up to a corresponding PBR,
wherein the second priority criterion is configured in an increasing order of the logical channel priorities of the plurality of logical channels, and
wherein, in the increasing order, another one of the plurality of logical channels, having a lower logical channel priority, is allocated, in advance, up to a corresponding PBR;
receiving a uplink (UL) grant;
performing the LCP procedure for the plurality of logical channels based on the first priority criterion when the UL grant is received from a first cell among the at least one licensed band; and
performing the LCP procedure for the plurality of logical channels based on the second priority criterion when the UL grant is received from a second cell of among the at least one unlicensed band.

US Pat. No. 10,405,335

SOFT CHANNEL RESERVATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication, comprising:monitoring, by a transmitter, a transmission beam direction associated with one or more receivers identified for communication with the transmitter;
detecting, by the transmitter, a receiver channel reservation signal from one or more neighbor receivers communicating with one or more different transmitters, wherein the receiver channel reservation signal detected from a neighbor receiver of the one or more neighbor receivers includes channel condition information identifying channel conditions observed at the neighbor receiver;
estimating, by the transmitter, an interference impact metric using the channel condition information, wherein the interference impact metric estimates an impact on the channel conditions observed at the one or more neighbor receivers caused by transmission by the transmitter; and
determining, by the transmitter, to back off transmission with the one or more receivers in the transmission beam direction in response to the interference impact metric remaining within a threshold interference.

US Pat. No. 10,405,334

TECHNIQUES FOR SWITCHING BETWEEN DOWNLINK AND UPLINK COMMUNICATIONS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

11. An apparatus for scheduling resources in wireless communications, comprising:a transceiver for communicating one or more wireless signals via one or more antennas;
a memory configured to store instructions; and
one or more processors communicatively coupled with the transceiver and the memory, wherein the one or more processors are configured to:
establish communications with a plurality of user equipment (UE);
request a first UE of the plurality of UEs to search for a reference signal transmitted by a second UE in a symbol;
receive, from the first UE and based at least in part on requesting the first UE to search for the reference signal, a timing offset between an evolved Node B (eNB) timing and a timing of the second UE;
determine a set of the plurality of UEs as having an interference impact on one another, for transmitting uplink communications to the apparatus, that is less than a threshold, wherein the one or more processors are configured to determine the first UE and the second UE in the set of the plurality of UEs based at least in part on the timing offset;
schedule, based on the one or more processors having determined the set of the plurality of UEs as having the interference impact on one another, the first UE of the set of the plurality of UEs for receiving, in a first transmission time interval (TTI), downlink communications from the apparatus; and
schedule, based on the one or more processors having determined the set of the plurality of UEs as having the interference impact on one another, the second UE of the set of the plurality of UEs for transmitting, in a second TTI that is adjacent in time to the first TTI, uplink communications to the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,405,333

COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR RECEIVING SIGNALS IN A FREQUENCY RANGE

Intel IP Corporaiton, Sa...

1. A communication terminal comprisinga first transceiver configured for communication according to a first radio access technology;
a second transceiver configured for communication according to a second radio access technology;
wherein the second transceiver is configured to determine whether a frequency range is occupied by a transmission according to the second radio access technology and to notify the first transceiver whether the frequency range is occupied by a transmission according to the second radio access technology; and
wherein the first transceiver is configured to receive signals transmitted in the frequency range based on the notification from the second transceiver.

US Pat. No. 10,405,332

COEXISTENCE OF DIFFERENT RADIO ACCESS TECHNOLOGIES OR SERVICES ON A SAME CARRIER

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A user equipment (UE) operating with a new radio (NR) radio access technology (RAT), the UE comprising:a transceiver configured to:
receive synchronization signals and a master information block (MIB) in a first bandwidth (BW); and
receive a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) in a second BW wherein the second BW is indicated by an offset in the MIB relative to the first BW and the PDCCH conveys a downlink control information (DCI) format that configures a reception of a first system information block (SIB), wherein the SIB includes information for a partitioning of a predetermined number of subframes in normal subframes and in multicast-broadcast single-frequency network (MBSFN) subframes according to a long term evolution (LTE) RAT.

US Pat. No. 10,405,331

SYSTEMS, METHODS AND DEVICES FOR RADIO ACCESS TECHNOLOGY COORDINATION

INTEL IP CORPORATION, Sa...

1. A user equipment (UE) comprising:one or more wireless transceivers configured to communicate using a first radio access technology (RAT) and a second RAT, wherein the first RAT and second RAT are serviced by one or more enhanced node Bs (eNBs);
circuitry configured to:
receive from one of the one or more eNBs scheduling information for the second RAT using the first RAT; and
receive or transmit a message according to the scheduling information using the second RAT,
wherein the first RAT is a primary RAT (P-RAT) and the second RAT is a secondary RAT (S-RAT), and the P-RAT provides scheduling information for the S-RAT, and
wherein flexible access technology physical downlink shared channel (F-PDSCH) on the S-RAT is transmitted within the same P-RAT transmission time interval (P-TTI) when flexible access technology physical downlink control channel (F-PDCCH) is transmitted on the P-RAT.

US Pat. No. 10,405,330

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DYNAMIC MARKING FOR INTERNET PROTOCOL BEARER SPLITTING

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A network equipment (NE), comprising:a selection controller to select one or more bits in an internet protocol (IP) header of a first downlink data packet, or one or more bit values for the one or more selected bits of the first downlink data packet, or a downlink mapping rule between the one or more selected bit values and a downlink bearer splitting mode of the first downlink data packet, wherein a bit of the one or more selected bits has a default value to indicate a bearer, different bits of the one or more selected bits are used to indicate different bearers, and the downlink bearer splitting mode is to indicate whether the first downlink data packet is subject to bearer splitting;
a downlink marking controller to mark the one or more selected bits of the first downlink data packet to have the one or more selected bit values based on the downlink mapping rule and the downlink bearer splitting mode of the first downlink data packet; and to send a notification message to notify that the NE has stopped marking the one or more selected bit of the first downlink data packet, wherein the notification message comprises a sequence number of a last marked data packet in one or more downlink data packets from the NE; and
an uplink bearer splitting controller to identify an uplink bearer splitting mode from one or more marked bit values of one or more selected bits in a first uplink data packet from a user equipment (UE) based on an uplink mapping rule between the uplink bear splitting mode and the one or more marked bit values, wherein the uplink bearer splitting mode is to indicate whether the first uplink data packet is subject to bearer splitting.

US Pat. No. 10,405,329

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING D2D SIGNAL IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method of transmitting control information by a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving a downlink signal from a base station in a subframe n, wherein n denotes a positive integer;
when a subframe (n+k) belongs to a device-to-device (D2D) subframe, shifting a transmission time of an acknowledgement/negative-acknowledgement (ACK/NACK) signal about the downlink signal to transmit the ACK/NACK signal in a non-D2D subframe after the subframe (n+k); and
when the subframe (n+k) does not belong to the D2D subframe, transmitting the ACK/NACK signal in the subframe (n+k),
wherein k denotes a predetermined positive integer indicating an ACK/NACK transmission timing.

US Pat. No. 10,405,328

PREDICTING RESOURCE SCHEDULING

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method of a Radio Resource Management (RRM) node in a first cell of facilitating scheduling of resource blocks for at least one mobile terminal in a neighboring second cell of a wireless communications network, the method comprising:predicting allocation of one or more resource blocks in a subsequent scheduling time interval to at least one mobile terminal in the first cell;
sending information pertaining to the predicted allocation to an RRM node of the neighboring second cell; and
wherein a start of the subsequent scheduling time interval, in which the allocations are predicted, is selected to occur after an expected instant in time at which the RRM node of the neighboring second cell receives the information pertaining to the predicted allocation of the one or more resource blocks to at least one mobile terminal in the first cell, which information is sent from the RRM node of the first cell.

US Pat. No. 10,405,327

LOGICAL CHANNEL PRIORITIZATION PROCEDURE FOR SIDELINK LOGICAL CHANNELS

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A user equipment operable in a wireless communications system supporting direct communication between user equipments, comprising:a storage including information indicative of one or more sidelink destination groups (ProSe destinations); and
circuitry, which is coupled to the storage and which, in operation:
selects a sidelink destination group associated with a sidelink logical channel having sidelink data available for transmission, the selected sidelink logical channel having a highest logical channel priority among sidelink logical channels having data available for transmission in a sidelink control period (SC period) and not previously selected in the same sidelink control period, wherein each of the sidelink logical channels belongs to a sidelink destination group, each of the sidelink logical channels is allocated to a logical channel group (LCG) depending on a priority of said each sidelink logical channel and on a priority of the logical channel group, and the logical channel group is defined per sidelink destination group; and
allocates radio resources to sidelink logical channels belonging to the selected sidelink destination group in decreasing priority order; and
a transmitter, which, in operation, transmits the sidelink data using the allocated radio resources.

US Pat. No. 10,405,326

SCHEDULING ENERGY HARVESTING NODES IN A WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A method comprising:determining, by a network coordinator of a wireless network, whether a wireless device that is wirelessly communicating with the network coordinator is powered via energy harvesting; and
scheduling, by the network coordinator, based on a determination that the wireless device is powered by energy harvesting, the wireless device to communicate via the wireless network using a priority timeslot of a superframe of the wireless network, wherein the priority timeslot is a timeslot occurring in an initial portion of the superframe.

US Pat. No. 10,405,325

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING RESOURCE SIGNALING WITHIN A WIRELESS LOCAL AREA NETWORK (WLAN)

Marvell World Trade Ltd.,...

1. A method for providing resource unit signaling with reduced data bits in a wireless local area network, the method comprising:determining whether a resource unit for transmitting a data frame is greater than an allowed bandwidth;
when the resource unit is greater than or equal to the allowed bandwidth:
virtually dividing the resource unit into a plurality of channels;
for each channel from the plurality of channels, configuring a signal field-B (SIGB) portion of the data frame to indicate a subset of client stations spatially multiplexed on the respective channel; and
transmitting the data frame including the configured SIGB portion.

US Pat. No. 10,402,977

LEARNING METHOD AND LEARNING DEVICE FOR IMPROVING SEGMENTATION PERFORMANCE IN ROAD OBSTACLE DETECTION REQUIRED TO SATISFY LEVEL 4 AND LEVEL 5 OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES USING LAPLACIAN PYRAMID NETWORK AND TESTING METHOD AND TESTING DEVICE USING THE SAME

Stradvision, Inc., Pohan...

1. A learning method for improving a segmentation performance using a learning device, wherein the learning device includes (i) a first to a k-th convolutional layers, which respectively generate a first to a k-th encoded feature maps by applying one or more convolution operations to at least one feature map corresponding to at least one training image, (ii) a k-th to a first deconvolutional layers, which respectively generate a k-th to a first decoded feature maps by applying one or more deconvolution operations to the k-th encoded feature map, (iii) a first to an h-th mask layers respectively corresponding to h convolutional layers among the k convolutional layers, and (iv) a first to an h-th differential layers respectively corresponding to the first to the h-th mask layers, and wherein the h is an integer from 1 to (k?1), comprising steps of:(a) the learning device, if the training image is acquired, instructing the first to the k-th convolutional layers to generate the first to the k-th encoded feature maps through processes of (1) instructing the first to the h-th mask layers to extract one or more edge parts from h encoded feature maps, to be respectively inputted to the first to the h-th mask layers, among the first to the k-th encoded feature maps by acquiring one or more areas in which frequencies of the h encoded feature maps are larger than a predetermined threshold, to thereby generate a first to an h-th bandpass feature maps, and (2) instructing the first to the h-th differential layers to generate a first to an h-th differential feature maps by calculating each difference between each of the h encoded feature maps, to be respectively inputted to the first to the h-th mask layers, and each of the first to the h-th bandpass feature maps, to thereby forward each of the first to the h-th differential feature maps to their corresponding next convolutional layers;
(b) the learning device instructing the k-th to the first deconvolutional layers to sequentially generate the k-th to the first decoded feature maps (i) by using the h-th to the first bandpass feature maps and h decoded feature maps each of which is outputted from each previous deconvolutional layer of each of h deconvolutional layers corresponding to the h-th to the first mask layers and (ii) by using feature maps outputted from each previous layer of each of k-h deconvolutional layers, which do not correspond to the h-th to the first mask layers; and
(c) the learning device backpropagating one or more losses generated by referring to the first decoded feature map and its corresponding at least one GT (ground truth) label image, to thereby adjust one or more parameters of at least part of the first to the k-th deconvolutional layers and the k-th to the first convolutional layers.

US Pat. No. 10,398,228

SLIDE RAIL ASSEMBLY

KING SLIDE WORKS CO., LTD...

1. A slide rail assembly, comprising:a first rail;
a second rail movable relative to the first rail;
a third rail movably mounted between the first rail and the second rail;
a damping device mounted to the first rail;
a contact member mounted to the first rail;
a synchronization member movably mounted to the third rail;
a fastening member movably mounted to the third rail; and
a second elastic member configured to apply an elastic force to the fastening member;
wherein the third rail comprises a first pushing feature and a second pushing feature respectively located at two sides of the damping device;
wherein when the third rail is moved relative to the first rail along an opening direction, the third rail pushes the damping device through the first pushing feature to allow the damping device to provide damping effect;
wherein when the third rail is moved relative to the first rail along a retracted direction, the third rail pushes the damping device through the second pushing feature to allow the damping device to provide damping effect;
wherein when the second rail is moved from a retracted position along the opening direction, the third rail is synchronously moved with the second rail relative to the first rail along the opening direction through the synchronization member; and when the second rail and the third rail are moved to a first predetermined position, the third rail is no longer synchronously moved with the second rail due to interaction between the synchronization member and the contact member;
wherein when the third rail is moved from the first predetermined position to a second predetermined position along the opening direction, the fastening member is configured to be fastened to the contact member, in order to prevent the third rail from being retracted relative to the first rail;
wherein the fastening member is pivoted to the third rail by a second shaft member, the fastening member has a first section and a second section respectively located at two sides of the second shaft member, and the second section is configured to be fastened to the contact member.

US Pat. No. 10,405,426

PRINTED WIRING BOARD

IBIDEN CO., LTD., Ogaki ...

1. A printed wiring board, comprising:a core substrate having a core layer, a first conductor layer on a first surface of the core layer, a second conductor layer on a second surface of the core layer on an opposite side with respect to the first surface, and a plurality of through-hole conductors penetrating through the core layer and connecting the first conductor layer and the second conductor layer;
a first build-up layer formed on a first surface side of the core substrate and comprising a first resin insulating layer, an inner side first conductor layer formed on the first resin insulating layer, an outermost first resin insulating layer formed on the inner side first conductor layer, an outermost first conductor layer formed on the outermost first resin insulating layer, and a first solder resist layer formed on the outermost first conductor layer; and
a second build-up layer formed on a second surface side of the core substrate on an opposite side with respect to the first surface side of the core substrate and comprising a second resin insulating layer, an inner side second conductor layer formed on the second resin insulating layer, an outermost second resin insulating layer formed on the inner side second conductor layer, an outermost second conductor layer formed on the outermost second resin insulating layer, and a second solder resist layer formed on the outermost second conductor layer,
wherein each of the first and second conductor layers, inner side first and second conductor layers and outermost first and second conductor layers includes a plurality of conductor circuits having substantially a trapezoid cross-sectional shape, and a plurality of spaces between adjacent conductor circuits, each of the first and second conductor layers, inner side first and second conductor layers and outermost first and second conductor layers comprises a metal foil, a seed layer formed on the metal foil, and an electrolytic plating film formed on the seed layer, the inner side first conductor layer has a smallest minimum circuit width, a smallest minimum space width and a largest base angle among the inner side first conductor layer, first and second conductor layers and outermost first and second conductor layers, the inner side second conductor layer has a smallest minimum circuit width, a smallest minimum space width and a largest base angle among the inner side second conductor layer, first and second conductor layers and outermost first and second conductor layers, and the core layer, first and second resin insulating layers and outermost first and second resin insulating layers are formed such that rz3 is a smallest among rz3, rz1, rz2, rz5 and rz9 and that rz7 is a smallest among rz7, rz1, rz2, rz5, and rz9, where rz1 is a ten-point average roughness of the first surface of the core layer, rz2 is a ten-point average roughness of the second surface of the core layer, rz3 is a ten-point average roughness of a surface of the first resin insulating layer facing the inner side first conductor layer, rz5 is a ten-point average roughness of a surface of the second resin insulating layer facing the inner side second conductor layer, rz7 is a ten-point average roughness of a surface of the outermost first resin insulating layer facing the outermost first conductor layer, and rz9 is a ten-point average roughness of a surface of the outermost second resin insulating layer facing the outermost second conductor layer.

US Pat. No. 10,405,396

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SUCH A DISPLAY DEVICE

NOVOMATIC AG, Gumpoldski...

1. A display device comprising:at least one display unit;
an illuminating device;
at least one determining device for determining a color information from an image block of the at least one display unit,
a color control device for controlling the color and/or the color spectrum of a light emitted by the illuminating device as a function of the color information, and
a light detection device for detecting the light emitted by the at least one display unit, wherein the light detection device comprises a limited observation area which detects only one image portion of the display unit and is directed to the image block of the at least one display unit, wherein the light detection device is connected to the determining device, and the mentioned determining device is embodied to determine the color information from the light received from the light detection device,
wherein the light detection device is combined with the illuminating device to form a pre-mounted assembly, which assembly can be attached to the at least one display unit and has mounting and/or positioning means, which are adapted in shape to a border section of the display unit, for mounting and/or positioning on the display unit.

US Pat. No. 10,405,389

FLICKERLESS LED DRIVER DEVICE

YUYANG DNU CO., LTD., (K...

1. A light-emitting diode (LED) driver device comprising:a transformer comprising a primary coil for receiving an alternating-current (AC) voltage, and a secondary coil for generating a first induced voltage induced from the primary coil;
a secondary coil circuit for receiving the first induced voltage and applying a first direct-current (DC) voltage to an LED module;
a current sensor for sensing a driving current flowing through the secondary coil circuit from the secondary coil;
a current controller for receiving a signal about the driving current and generating a control signal for controlling an emission current flowing through the LED module; and
a ripple attenuator connected to the current controller to receive the control signal, connected to a visual light communication (VLC) input unit to receive a VLC signal, and connected to the LED module to control an emission current corresponding to the VLC signal to flow through the LED module and suppress ripple of the emission current;
wherein the current sensor comprises:
an amplifier for amplifying a voltage;
a sixth resistor connected between an end of a second resistor of the secondary coil circuit and a positive input terminal of the amplifier;
a seventh resistor connected between another end of the second resistor and a negative input terminal of the amplifier; and
an eighth resistor connected between an output terminal and the negative input terminal of the amplifier in such a manner that a gain of the amplifier, which is expressed as a ratio between the seventh and eighth resistors, is output as a first output voltage from the output terminal.