US Pat. No. 10,374,217

APPARATUS AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING ELECTRICITY STORAGE MATERIAL

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A production apparatus for producing an electricity storage material, comprising:a solution production device including a first hopper containing a surfactant, a second hopper containing a thickener, and a housing on top of which the first hopper and the second hopper are disposed, the first hopper and the second hopper introducing the surfactant and the thickener respectively into the housing to form a solution of the thickener and the surfactant;
an active material feeder containing a powder of an active material;
a mixture conveying device connected to both a downstream end of the housing and a downstream end of the active material feeder, the mixture conveying device configured to convey a mixture of the solution and the powder of the active material; and
a mixture-kneading device downstream of the mixture conveying device configured to knead the mixture, wherein the surfactant is a hydrophilic fluorochemical material mixed at 0.01-0.3% by weight of the solution.

US Pat. No. 10,375,850

RACK POWER SYSTEM AND METHOD

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC IT COR...

1. A rack power system for providing DC power to equipment installed in a rack, comprising:a first shelf containing a plurality of power supplies, each of the plurality of power supplies configured to receive AC power and to provide DC power to equipment installed in the rack at a nominal voltage;
a second shelf containing a plurality of battery units, each of the plurality of battery units configured to provide DC power; and
a controller coupled to the first shelf and the second shelf and configured to:
control each of the plurality of power supplies and each of the plurality of battery units;
monitor the AC power received by the first shelf;
predict an impending event related to the AC power and, in response, control at least one of the plurality of battery units to operate in an online mode to generate a DC voltage less than the nominal voltage;
detect a loss of AC power and, in response, control the plurality of battery units to operate in an active mode to generate a DC voltage at the nominal voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,375,328

IMAGE SENSOR, METHOD OF READING CONTROL, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. An image sensor comprising:a pixel array unit in which same-color pixels that share a floating diffusion are connected to an identical first vertical signal line;
a reading control unit comprising a transistor configured to control reading of an electric charge from a plurality of pixels that share the floating diffusion so as to transfer, after resetting the floating diffusion, to the floating diffusion an electric charge of a first pixel of the pixels that share the floating diffusion, and after transferring the electric charge of the first pixel to the floating diffusion, to transfer an electric charge of a second pixel to the floating diffusion; and
a first A/D converter connected to the first vertical signal line, the first A/D converter being configured to perform A/D conversion of a signal level of the first pixel in accordance with a clock signal of a first frequency, and to perform A/D conversion of a signal level of the second pixel in accordance with a clock signal of a second frequency obtained by dividing the first frequency by a predetermined division ratio, wherein before the electric charge is transferred from the first pixel, the first A/D converter performs A/D conversion of a reset level to be used for correlated double sampling.

US Pat. No. 10,375,731

DYNAMIC FORBIDDANCE OF WIRELESS TRANSMISSIONS BY OVERLAPPING BASIC SERVICE SETS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication, comprising:identifying a first transmission to be transmitted from a first transmitter of a first basic service set (BSS), the first transmission having a first duration;
generating a preamble of a frame, wherein the preamble is configured to dynamically forbid one or more other transmitters of an overlapping BSS that overlaps with the first BSS from concurrent transmissions with the first transmitter during the first transmission, wherein generating the preamble comprises setting a first field in the preamble that is a BSS identifier and a second field in the preamble that comprises an overlapping BSS reuse forbiddance indicator, wherein the second field is different from a color field and indicates one or more other transmitters of the overlapping BSS are forbidden from using a wireless channel during the first duration; and
transmitting the preamble from a transmitter of the first BSS over the wireless channel.

US Pat. No. 10,375,678

COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, BASE STATION APPARATUS, MOBILE STATION APPARATUS, AND COMMUNICATION METHOD

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A mobile station apparatus comprising:a pseudo-random sequence generator configured to be initialized, at a beginning of each radio frame, with a first value using a first parameter; wherein
in a first case that a second parameter is set, the pseudo-random sequence generator is configured to be initialized with the first value using the second parameter, for hopping of a first base sequence for a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH),
the second parameter is different from the first parameter;
in a second case that a third parameter is set, the pseudo-random sequence generator is configured to be initialized with the first value using the third parameter, for hopping of a second base sequence for a demodulation reference signal for a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH), and
the third parameter is different from the first parameter and the second parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,375,665

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING ACCESS CONTROL AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method for managing a connection of a user equipment (UE) to a network, the method comprising actions at an access and mobility management function (AMF) of the network of:receiving a registration request from the UE comprising a mobile initiated connection only (MICO) mode preference; and
transmitting a response to the UE, the response including a determination indicating that the MICO mode is allowed for the UE, a value of a periodic registration update timer, and an indication for disabling the UE's reset of the periodic registration update timer before the periodic registration update timer expires.

US Pat. No. 10,375,631

STATE CHANGE ENABLED BY A HIERARCHICAL CLASS OF A RADIO ACCESS NETWORK DEVICE

1. A field radio access network device, comprising:a processor; and
a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, facilitate performance of operations, comprising:
enabling access to a parameter of the field radio access network device by a controller device; and
in response to receiving an indication from the controller device, changing a state of the field radio access network device, wherein the changing the state of the field radio access network device is based on a first field radio access network device relationship between the field radio access network device and a gateway radio access network device comprising a gateway neighbor relationship with a macro radio access network device, a second field radio access network device relationship between the field radio access network device and an intermediate radio access network device comprising an intermediate neighbor relationship with the gateway radio access network device, and a third field radio access network device relationship between the field radio access network device and a user equipment that is not affiliated with the field radio access network device and is not affiliated with a neighbor radio access network device that is a neighbor to the field radio access network device.

US Pat. No. 10,375,538

SYNTHETIC COMMUNICATION NETWORK METHOD AND SYSTEM

WhatsApp Inc., Menlo Par...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, in a multimedia client on a transmitting mobile device, a user selection of multimedia data, formatted in accordance with a first format, to be sent to a receiving mobile device that does not support multimedia data formatted in the first format;
uploading the selected multimedia data from the transmitting mobile device to a multimedia communication server;
receiving at the transmitting mobile device from the multimedia communication server a multimedia identifier associated with the multimedia data uploaded to the multimedia communication server; and
transmitting the multimedia identifier, over a synthetic communications network, from the transmitting mobile device to the receiving mobile device, the multimedia identifier usable by the receiving mobile device to request a download to the receiving mobile device of the multimedia data in a transcoded secondary format that the receiving device can process, wherein the receiving mobile device is identified on the synthetic communications network by a phone number which, before transmission of the multimedia identifier, had been confirmed to be associated with the receiving mobile device as a result of receipt at the receiving mobile device of a verification message transmitted by the receiving mobile device and addressed to the phone number.

US Pat. No. 10,374,825

BRIDGING BETWEEN DIFFERING COMMUNICATION BUSES

INTERNATIONAL BUISNESS MA...

1. A method of communicating between communication buses of a computing environment, the method comprising:receiving, by a bridge implemented at least in part in hardware, a request, the bridge coupled between one communication bus having a first set of characteristics and another communication bus having another set of characteristics different from the one set of characteristics, the bridge comprising a scoreboard to be used in servicing the request, the scoreboard including a plurality of tags to be assigned to one or more requests and one or more buffers to store data;
determining by the bridge whether the request is to be processed, the determining using the scoreboard;
based on determining the request is to be processed, initiating processing of the request, and assigning at least one tag of the plurality of tags to the request;
storing data associated with the request in the buffer, the storing being based on the at least one tag assigned to the request, wherein the data is received in any order, but stored in the buffer in order based on the request; and
controlling access to the data by the other communication bus, the controlling access using the scoreboard and comprising:
determining whether the other communication bus is to have access to the data in the buffer;
based on determining the other communication bus is to have access to the data, providing the other communication bus with access to the data; and
based on determining the other communication bus is not to have access to the data, preventing access to the data via an empty indication of the buffer regardless of whether the buffer is empty, wherein the preventing access comprises determining whether data is available in the buffer for a selected tag of the plurality of tags, the selected tag chosen based on an ordering of requests to be serviced, and preventing the access via the empty indication of the buffer, based on the data for the selected tag being unavailable even if data for one or more other tags of the plurality of tags is available in the buffer.

US Pat. No. 10,373,623

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING AN AUDIO SIGNAL TO OBTAIN A PROCESSED AUDIO SIGNAL USING A TARGET TIME-DOMAIN ENVELOPE

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. An apparatus for processing an audio signal to acquire a processed audio signal, comprising:a phase calculator for calculating phase values for spectral values of a sequence of frequency-domain frames representing overlapping frames of the audio signal,
wherein the phase calculator is configured to calculate the phase values based on information on a target time-domain envelope related to the processed audio signal, so that the processed audio signal comprises at least in an approximation the target time-domain envelope and a spectral envelope determined by the sequence of frequency-domain frames.

US Pat. No. 10,373,098

FLEXIBLE MAIL DELIVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD

UNITED STATES POSTAL SERV...

1. A method to flexibly deliver an item, comprising:determining, by at least one processor, a first delivery point of the item based on a delivery address provided by a sender;
applying, by an auto ID application device, an identification tag including at least a unique identification tag number;
providing, by the at least one processor, a database configured to dynamically store delivery information related to delivering the item, wherein the database is indexed by the unique identification tag number;
storing, by the at least one processor, the first delivery point in the database in association with the unique identification tag number;
providing, by the at least one processor, an electronic notification to a recipient to indicate that the item is en route to the first delivery point;
responsive to the notification, electronically receiving, by the at least one processor, information from the recipient identifying a second delivery point of the item while the item is en route to the first delivery point;
sending, by the at least one processor, a first electronic message to the sender comprising a request for permission to deliver the item at the second delivery point while the item is en route to the first delivery point;
obtaining, via a second electronic message, by the at least one processor, approval from the sender to deliver the item at the second delivery point of the item while the item is en route to the first delivery point;
updating, by the at least one processor, the database to store the second delivery point of the item in association with the unique identification tag number, when the second delivery point of the item is approved;
capturing an image of the item, the image including the information identifying the second delivery point;
determining, by the at least one processor, that the item has been delivered based on the identification tag being scanned by a scanner; and
providing, via a third electronic message, the captured image to the sender indicating delivery of the item.

US Pat. No. 10,369,542

MULTI-STAGE STIRRED REACTOR HAVING REDUCED BACK MIXING

BAYER AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT,...

1. A multistage stirred reactor, comprising:a multiplicity of mutually adjacent reaction chambers;
one or more stirring elements for mixing the contents of at least one of the reaction chambers;
wherein, between adjacent reaction chambers, there is in each case provided at least one opening that can be closed by means of closure means, such that in an open state there is a fluidic connection between the adjacent reaction chambers and in the closed state the adjacent reaction chambers are separated from one another;
at least one input port and at least one output port:
wherein
each of the one or more stirring elements are driven by a common stirring shaft,
all of the closure means of the openings are connected to a common actuation rod that is guided out of the stirred reactor,
the actuation rod can be moved back and forth between at least one first position and a second position, by rotation and/or displacement,
wherein in a first position, closure means that are connected to the actuation rod effect an open state of the opening assigned to them and
in a second position, closure means that are connected to the actuation rod effect a closed state of the opening assigned to them.

US Pat. No. 10,369,541

METHOD FOR OPERATING A PRODUCTION PLANT OF MODULAR DESIGN

BAYER AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT,...

1. A method for operating a production plant for producing a chemical and/or pharmaceutical product, the production plant including a plurality of transportable process modules (P1 . . . Pn) wherein each of the plurality of process modules (P1 . . . Pn) are reversibly connected to one another for production purposes and are autonomous for regulating purposes and include an associated electronic device (E1 . . . En) and a material quantity sensor communicatively connected to the respective electronic device (E1 . . . En), the method comprising:detecting the quantity of material to be processed in each of said plurality of process modules (P1 . . . Pn);
comparing the quantity of material with a proscribed limit for the quantity; and,
initiating a mass flow of material from an upstream process module (P1 . . . Pn) to the respective downstream process module (P1 . . . Pn) based on the comparison of the quantity of material with the proscribed limit;
wherein the respective electronic device (E1 . . . En) is communicatively connected to an electrically activated flow valve located between said upstream process module and said downstream process module and directs the electrically activated flow valve to open.

US Pat. No. 10,375,870

BOARD WORK SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR MANAGING MOUNTING ORDER OF COMPONENTS IN BOARD WORK SYSTEM

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A board work system comprising:a plurality of component supply sections which supply components to be mounted on a circuit board;
a die supply section which is one of the plurality of component supply sections, and supplies dies from a diced wafer; and
a control section which decides or changes a mounting order of mounting the components including the dies on the circuit board, based on an error occurrence rate determined by dividing a number of defective dies on the diced wafer which the die supply section supplies within a predetermined period during production of a plurality of circuit boards by a sum of a number of normal dies on the diced wafer and the number of defective dies.

US Pat. No. 10,375,869

CUT-AND-CLINCH APPARATUS AND BOARD WORK MACHINE

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A cut-and-clinch apparatus that cuts and bends protruding parts of two lead wires of a lead component to be respectively inserted through two of a plurality of through-holes formed in a circuit board, the cut-and-clinch apparatus comprising:a pair of movable elements that approach and separate from each other and the respective protruding parts of the two lead wires are cut and bent by the pair of movable elements; and
a movable element position control section that controls the positions of the pair of movable elements on the basis of image data obtained by imaging the pair of movable elements.

US Pat. No. 10,375,868

TAPE FEEDER

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A tape feeder which supplies electronic components to a board working machine, comprising:a reel holding section at which a first reel around which a first tape that holds the electronic components is wound is held, and a second reel around which a second tape that holds the electronic components is wound, at different positions on a reel holding surface;
a feeder main body which feeds the first tape from the first reel to the board working machine, and automatically feeds the second tape from the second reel to the board working machine after the first tape is consumed; and
a movable mechanism which is provided between the reel holding section and the feeder main body, and allows the reel holding section to relatively move with respect to the feeder main body,
wherein the movable mechanism is capable of changing the position of the reel holding section with respect to the feeder main body between an upper position and a lower position, and is capable of changing the position of the reel holding section between a proximity position and a separation position at least at the lower position; wherein the movable mechanism includes a guide arm having a guide section that extends in parallel to the reel holding surface, and wherein the reel holding section is configured to be slidable between the proximity position and the separation position along the guide section; wherein an opening which extends along the sliding direction of the reel holding section is formed as the guide section in the guide arm, wherein one pair of grooves including a lower groove formed at a lower edge which defines the opening, and an upper groove formed at an upper edge which defines the opening, are formed at the opening, wherein the reel holding section includes one pair of rollers which are inserted into the opening of the guide arm, and wherein the position of the reel holding section with respect to the feeder main body is fixed when one of the one pair of rollers is fitted to the lower groove, and the other one is fitted to the upper groove.

US Pat. No. 10,375,867

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An electronic device comprising:at least one electronic component;
an electrically conductive member which electromagnetically shields the at least one electronic component;
a resin molded body in which at least part of the at least one electronic component and at least part of the electrically conductive member which electromagnetically shields the at least one electronic component are embedded and fixed;
a first electronic component which is the at least one electronic component that is electromagnetically shielded; and
a second electronic component which is not electromagnetically shielded, wherein:
the second electronic component is at least partially embedded in the resin molded body;
the first electronic component is fixed with an insulating member that is provided in a space surrounded by the electrically conductive member;
at least part of the insulating member is embedded in the resin molded body together with at least part of the first electronic component and at least part of the electrically conductive member;
the electrically conductive member includes a first electrically conductive member which is embedded in the resin molded body, a second electrically conductive member which is not embedded in the resin molded body, and at least one third electrically conductive member which is provided between the first electrically conductive member and the second electrically conductive member;
the first electrically conductive member and the second electrically conductive member are electrically connected with each other via the at least one third electrically conductive member;
an electrode of the first electronic component is connected with an electrode of the second electronic component on a surface of the resin molded body and on a surface of the insulating member, which is embedded in the resin molded body, via wiring connection such that a wire of the wiring connection connecting the electrode of the first electronic component with the electrode of the second electronic component does not contact with the at least one third electrically conductive member; and
a part between the wire of the wiring connection and the second electrically conductive member is insulated with an insulating member which is not embedded in the resin molded body or with air.

US Pat. No. 10,375,866

FAN TRAY PERFORATION PATTERN

CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. A method, comprising:guiding air through a plurality of perforations on a plate proximate to a rotating fan, wherein the perforations are arranged in concentric circles centered at a point, wherein each of the perforations is a closed shape comprising four edges that are tangential to a hypothetical circle located inside the perforation, wherein two opposite edges of each perforation comprise non-parallel straight lines, and two other opposite edges comprise curved lines.

US Pat. No. 10,375,865

MECHANICALLY ATTACHED EDGE SHIELD

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A printed circuit board comprising:a substrate with a plated edge surface, the substrate including a top surface and a bottom surface, the plated edge surface extending between the top surface and the bottom surface;
a shield wall placed on the substrate, wherein a combination of the plated edge surface and the shield wall form a continuous conductive loop; and
a shield lid mechanically engaged and in conductive contact with the plated edge surface and in conductive contact with the shield wall.

US Pat. No. 10,375,864

AIRFLOW CONTROL IN DATA CENTERS UTILIZING HOT AISLE CONTAINMENT

Panduit Corp., Tinley Pa...

4. A data center cooling system, comprising:a first differential pressure sensor located in a first contained hot aisle;
a second differential pressure sensor located in an above-ceiling hot air return plenum connected to the first contained hot aisle;
a first active damper ceiling panel located in the first contained hot aisle;
a third differential pressure sensor located in a second contained hot aisle;
a second active damper located in the second contained hot aisle;
a cooling unit connected to the hot air return plenum; and
an active hot aisle containment (HAC) controller to:
modulate the first active damper to maintain a near-neutral pressure in the first contained hot aisle based on pressure sensor data received from the first differential pressure sensor; and
modulate a fan in the cooling unit to maintain a set negative pressure in the hot air return plenum based on pressure sensor data received from the second differential pressure sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,375,863

LIQUID COOLED CHASSIS

Dell Products, L.P., Rou...

1. An information handling system (IHS) comprising:a node enclosure containing one or more heat-generating functional components;
a cold plate attached to an inner surface of the node enclosure and presenting a conduction surface to a selected at least one of the one or more heat-generating functional components;
a compliant, thermally conductive member placed between the cold plate and the selected at least one of the one or more heat-generating function components;
a spring positioned between the inner surface of the node enclosure and the cold plate to position the conduction surface into conductive proximity with the selected at least one of the one or more heat-generating functional components;
wherein the cold plate, the spring, and the compliant, thermally conductive member comprise a first cold plate assembly that is attached beneath the selected at least one of the one or more heat-generating functional components; and
a second cold plate assembly attached above another one of the one or more heat-generating functional components.

US Pat. No. 10,375,862

DATA CENTRE COOLING SYSTEM

BRIPCO BVBA, Antwerp (BE...

1. An indirect air handling unit (IDAHU) for a data centre, the indirect air handling unit comprising:i) an external air flow path arranged to be in fluid communication with air outside the data centre; and
ii) an internal air flow path arranged to be in fluid communication with air inside the data centre; wherein the external air flow path is separated from the internal air flow path; and
iii) a plurality of heat tube panels, each heat tube panel comprising at least one heat tube, wherein each heat tube comprises a first section extending into the external air flow path and a second section extending into the internal air flow path, the plurality of heat tube panels being arranged in at least one row across the internal air flow path and across the external air flow path;
and wherein at least one of the heat tube panels is a removable heat tube panel that extends through an opening between the internal air flow path and the external air flow path.

US Pat. No. 10,375,861

MODULAR THERMAL ISOLATION BARRIER FOR DATA PROCESSING EQUIPMENT STRUCTURE

Chatsworth Products, Inc....

1. A data processing equipment structure comprising:a frame structure; and
first and second modular thermal isolation barriers for use in sealing a periphery of the frame structure, each of the first and second modular thermal isolation barriers including:
a co-extruded edge seal having a seal portion and a base portion, the base portion including a plurality of channels; and
a panel, an edge of which is disposed within one of the plurality of channels of the respective base portion;
wherein the seal portion of the first modular thermal isolation barrier directly engages the seal portion of the second modular thermal isolation barrier, thereby preventing the passage of air between the first and second modular thermal isolation barriers; and
wherein the frame structure includes a rigid support structure, having a generally uniform cross-sectional shape along its length, coupled to the edge seal of the first modular thermal isolation barrier at another of the plurality of channels such that the first modular thermal isolation barrier is supported by the rigid support structure of the frame structure.

US Pat. No. 10,375,860

HEAT EXCHANGER FOR COOLING A SWITCH CABINET AND CORRESPONDING COOLING ARRANGEMENT

1. A heat exchanger for cooling a switch cabinet, with a first line system for a first coolant and with a second line system, separated fluidically from the first line system, for a second coolant, the first and the second line system being coupled thermally to one another, wherein the heat exchanger comprises a plurality of lamellae, adjacent lamellae forming between them an air flow duct through the heat exchanger, the air flow duct comprising an air flow direction through the heat exchanger, and one of the first and the second line systems being disposed behind the other of the first and second line systems in the air flow direction and being coupled thermally to one another via the plurality of lamellae.

US Pat. No. 10,375,859

GANGED SHIELDING CAGE WITH THERMAL PASSAGES

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A shielding cage assembly with improved thermal transfer characteristics, the assembly comprising:a cage body configured to be mounted on a horizontal circuit board, the cage body including a plurality of vertical walls defining at least two horizontally adjacent openings in the cage body, the adjacent openings providing a ganged cage, the openings extending lengthwise therewithin between opposing front and rear ends of the cage body and being separated by and partly defined by an intervening wall; and
each opening being dimensioned to receive an electronic module therein such that sidewalls of two adjacent electronic modules inserted into the openings are in heat transfer proximity to the intervening wall;
wherein the intervening wall includes a heat transfer passage therein, the heat transfer passage defining a lengthwise space between the two adjacent electronic modules, the heat transfer passage having a front opening adjacent the front end of the cage body and a rear opening adjacent the rear end of the cage body, the heat transfer passage permitting cooling fluid to flow therethrough and through the front and rear openings, wherein the cage body is die-cast from a conductive material, wherein the intervening wall includes a wall member separate from the cage body, which is inserted into the cage body, wherein the wall member includes two leg members interconnected by an interposer body that defines a contact surface interposed between a module inserted into the opening and a heat sink, wherein one of the leg members includes at least one bend therein that directs a portion of the leg member away from a side surface of a module inserted into the cage assembly to define a space therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,375,858

ELECTRONIC/ELECTRICAL COMPONENT HOUSING WITH STRIPS OF METAL PLATE AND SHAPE MEMORY MATERIAL FORMING A HEAT TRANSFER PATH

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for controlling the temperature of a battery in an electric vehicle, the method comprising:in response to an ambient temperature of an internal heat source surrounded by a housing increasing beyond a first transition temperature, forming, by a shape memory material plate, a heat transfer path in an internal space between an inner panel and an outer panel formed in a housing for the battery by the shape memory material plate straightening due to the first transition temperature to contact a metal plate extending from an inner surface of the outer panel, and
in response to the ambient temperature of the internal heat source falling below a second transition temperature, the shape memory material plate bending and separating from the metal plate to interrupt the heat transfer path and provide the battery with heat insulation,
wherein the metal plate extends from the outer panel,
wherein the shape memory material plate extends from the inner panel, and
wherein the metal plate and the shape memory material plate are provided in a plurality of pairs.

US Pat. No. 10,375,857

PIN FIN HEAT SINK WITH INTEGRATED PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL AND METHOD

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A pin fin heat sink comprising:a plurality of pin fins extending from a base plate, at least one of the plurality of pin fins defining a hollow portion therein, wherein all of the pin fins have different diameters relative to each other and at least one of the pin fins has a length different from one of the other fin pins;
a phase change material sealed within the at least one pin fin to absorb transient thermal loads that the pin fin is subjected to; and
a metal foam material disposed within the hollow portion, the metal foam material positioned along a central portion of the hollow portion to define an annular space between the metal foam material and an inner wall of the pin fin.

US Pat. No. 10,375,856

LIQUID COOLING SYSTEM

COOLER MASTER CO., LTD., ...

1. A liquid cooling system comprising:a liquid cooling head;
a fixing member disposed on the liquid cooling head; and
a radiator disposed on the liquid cooling head through the fixing member, the radiator moving with respect to the liquid cooling head between at least a vertical position and a horizontal position through the fixing member,
wherein an angle between a longitudinal axis of the radiator in the vertical position and the longitudinal axis of the radiator in the horizontal position is 90 degrees;
where in the fixing member has two side plates opposite to each other, each of the side plates has a first rail and a second rail, the radiator is disposed between the two side plates, each of two opposite sides of the radiator has a first protruding portion and a second protruding portion, the first protruding portions are respectively disposed in the first rails, the second protruding portions are respectively disposed in the second rails, and the first protruding portions and the second protruding portions are capable of moving with respect to the first rails and the second rails, such that the radiator moves with respect to the liquid cooling head between the vertical position and the horizontal position; and
each of the first rails has two first straight grooves and a curved groove, the two first straight grooves are connected to opposite ends of the curved groove, each of the second rails has two second straight grooves, and the two second straight grooves are connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,375,855

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ZERO POWER AUTOMATIC THERMAL REGULATION

Honeywell International I...

1. A method for passive thermal management, the method comprising:establishing thermal conduction between a self-heating electronic device and a cooling fluid held within a fluid reservoir via a thermal interface;
using thermally controlled expansion of the cooling fluid, controlling a length of a column of the cooling fluid extending from the fluid reservoir into at least one of a channel extending from the fluid reservoir, wherein the at least one of the channel provides a non-recirculating path for the cooling fluid to expand into, and wherein the length of the column of the cooling fluid is thermally controlled using heat absorbed by the cooling fluid from the self-heating electronic device; and
selectively establishing a primary heat path between the self-heating electronic device and a heat sink interface thermally coupled to an external environment as a function of the length of the column of the cooling fluid within the at least one of the channel;
wherein the at least one of the channel is shaped to vary in area of thermal contact between the cooling fluid and the heat sink interface as a function of fluid expansion length within the at least one of the channel.

US Pat. No. 10,375,854

LIQUID COOLING SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A control method of a liquid cooling system the control method comprising:collecting, by sensing apparatuses of second-level liquid circulation loops of the liquid cooling system, liquid sample data from the second-level liquid circulation loops;
implementing, by a cooling control apparatus of the liquid cooling system, sharing of the liquid sample data of the sensing apparatuses;
performing analytical processing on the liquid sample data;
calculating, according to the liquid sample data from each of the second-level liquid circulation loops, a circulation regulation value corresponding to circulating pumps of the second-level liquid circulation loops by:
calculating an average liquid pressure difference value of the second-level liquid circulation loops; and
comparing the average liquid pressure difference value to a preset target pressure difference value of liquid pressure to calculate the circulation regulation value corresponding to the circulating pumps of the second-level liquid circulation loops; and
sending, by the cooling control apparatus, the circulation regulation value to each of the circulating pumps of the second-level liquid circulation loops, such that all the circulating pumps of the second-level liquid circulation loops run according to the circulation regulation value,
the cooling control apparatus being electrically connected to each of the sensing apparatuses and each of the circulating pumps, and at least two second-level liquid circulation loops being connected in parallel.

US Pat. No. 10,375,853

ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH COOLING FAN

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device having an internal cooling fan, the electronic device comprising:a fan assembly attached to a keyboard assembly, the fan assembly comprising:
a fan enclosure having, on a surface, an inlet opening and an external protrusion; and
an impeller at least partially inside the fan enclosure; and
a bottom case, the fan assembly positioned between the keyboard assembly and the bottom case and oriented such that the inlet opening and the external protrusion face the bottom case,
wherein the external protrusion maintains a passage between the fan enclosure and the bottom case that allows air to enter the inlet opening, wherein the entire external protrusion is positioned on a side of the inlet opening that is opposite of a diffuser portion of the fan enclosure, and wherein at least a portion of the passage extends continuously from an inner surface of the bottom case to a surface of the external protrusion closest to the inner surface of the bottom case.

US Pat. No. 10,375,852

AIRFLOW BAFFLE SYSTEM

Aquila, Inc., Albuquerqu...

1. A cabinet-top airflow baffle system for a data center, suitable to manage airflow within an aisle formed by adjacent rows of closely-spaced equipment cabinets, the airflow baffle system comprising:an airflow baffle having a base and an airflow diverter panel;
the base being operable to removably mount to a top of an equipment cabinet and having a contact portion operable to contact the top of the equipment cabinet adjacent an aisle-facing edge of the equipment cabinet;
the airflow diverter panel being supported by and extending upwardly from the base;
a mounting arm connected to the base;
a magnet connected to and depending downwardly from the mounting arm, the magnet being operable to magnetically connect to the top of the equipment cabinet spaced from of the contact portion of the base;
the airflow diverter panel having an upper portion operable to influence airflow and having a lower portion operable to mount the airflow diverter panel to the base;
the airflow diverter panel being removably mountable on the base in at least first and second positions;
in the first position of the airflow diverter panel, the upper portion being in a first angular orientation relative to a horizontal plane;
in the second position of the airflow diverter panel, the upper portion being in a second angular orientation relative to the horizontal plane which is more vertical than the first angular orientation;
the base having at least one upwardly-open channel sized and shaped to receive and support the lower portion of the airflow diverter panel;
the channel extending along a width of the base and having a pair of opposed, parallel side walls extending parallel to the width of the base forming an opening operable to receive the airflow diverter panel from above and the airflow diverter panel being removable from the channel, the channel having a bottom operable to support the airflow diverter panel from below, and the opening of the channel having a size, as measured between the opposed walls, adapted to receive the lower portion of the airflow diverter panel between the opposed walls; and
the channel being adapted to support the airflow diverter panel by the lower portion of the airflow diverter panel such that the airflow diverter panel is supported by the base in a cantilevered manner.

US Pat. No. 10,375,851

ELECTRICAL CABINET WITH IMPROVED HEAT DISSIPATION

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUST...

1. An electric cabinet designed to receive removable electric functional units, said electric cabinet comprising:a front panel;
a rear panel;
a top panel;
a bottom panel; and
a separating partition delineating:
a first thermal area formed by a first space located closer to the front panel than the rear panel of the electric cabinet, said first thermal area being designed to receive first electric apparatuses or parts of the first electric apparatuses of the removable electric functional units, the front panel, the top panel, the bottom panel and the separating partition enclosing the first space, and
a second thermal area formed by a second space located closer to the rear panel than the front panel of the electric cabinet, said second thermal area being designed to receive second electric apparatuses or pans of the second electric apparatuses of the removable electric functional units, the rear panel, the top panel, the bottom panel and the separating partition enclosing the second space, wherein
the separating partition comprises the removable electric functional units,
the electric cabinet further comprises a cooling and regulating device of temperature of the first and second spaces, said cooling and regulating device comprising:
an air-conditioner positioned in contact with the first space of the first thermal area to cool the first space without being in physical contact with the second space of the second thermal area, the air-conditioner being positioned within the front panel; and
a computer controlled actuator that is designed configured to be operated to allow air to flow from the first space to the second space to cool the second thermal area with air from the first thermal area when a measured temperature of the second thermal area is higher that the critical operating temperature of a most sensitive apparatus of the second electrical apparatuses or parts of the second electric apparatuses, the actuator being positioned in the separating partition of the electric cabinet, the actuator being positioned closer to the bottom panel than the top panel.

US Pat. No. 10,375,849

BACKPLANE ELECTRONIC BOARD AND ASSOCIATED ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT

1. A backplane electronic board comprising:an internal face adapted for being connected to connectors of electronic boards and an external face adapted for being connected to an external connector, the backplane board having a first leak-proof membrane, a series of first blind holes opening on the one hand on the internal face of the backplane electronic board and on the other hand on the first leak-proof membrane, and a second leak-proof membrane, a series of second blind holes opening on the one hand on the external face of the backplane electronic board and on the other hand on the second leak-proof membrane, the first and the second blind holes being adapted for receiving force-insertion connection elements and forming with them an electric connection point;
two conductive layers connected to two equipotentials positioned on either side of a central insulating layer, both conductive layers being connected together with a cylindrical metal layer, and further having metallized through-holes which cross the backplane board on both sides, the metallized through-holes, the cylindrical metal layer, and both conductive layers forming a capacitive through-hole and therefore a low-pass filtering network ensuring a function of filtering the electromagnetic noise;
a main printed circuit having two multilayer printed circuits, two insulating layers, and a double face printed circuit positioned between the two insulating layers, the two insulating layers positioned between the two multilayer printed circuits, the double face printed circuit forming a shielding area; and
an interface platelet attached on the main printed circuit, the interface platelet having holes adapted for receiving force-insertion connection elements and forming with them an electric connection point.

US Pat. No. 10,375,848

SENSOR HOUSING FOR A RADAR SENSOR AND RADAR SENSOR

1. A sensor housing for a radar sensor for a vehicle, the sensor housing comprising:a connector having a venting duct for the venting of the sensor housing, and having a press-fit guide;
a printed circuit board, wherein said press-fit guide receives a positioning structure for the printed circuit board;
wherein the venting duct and the press-fit guide form a common duct.

US Pat. No. 10,375,847

CONNECTED PACKAGING

QuantaEd, LLC, San Diego...

1. An apparatus for containing one or more product units in a blister pack that includes a forming film and a lidding film, the apparatus comprising:the lidding film, wherein the lidding film is substantially continuous, and includes a first region that is electrically conductive and does not include patterned electrical traces;
a plurality of terminals, each terminal of the plurality thereof being electrically coupled with the first region, wherein the plurality of terminals are arranged such that formation of an opening in the lidding film at a first location within the first region gives rise to a first finite change in the magnitude of an electrical parameter measured between first and second terminals of the plurality thereof; and
electronic circuitry that is operative for (1) making pair-wise measurements of the electrical parameter between each terminal and each other terminal of the plurality thereof and (2) providing a first signal based on the first finite change in the magnitude of the electrical parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,375,846

HOUSING HAVING HOUSING PARTS BONDABLE TOGETHER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Lite-On Electronics (Guan...

1. A housing, comprising:a first housing part including:
a first base wall, and
a first surrounding wall connected around the first base wall, and having a first joint portion configured for being processed by melt bonding, a first outer surface and a first inner surface, the first joint portion being opposite to the base wall, the first outer and inner surfaces extending from the first joint portion toward the base wall, the first joint portion being stepped and having a first projecting portion adjoining the first outer surface, and a first shoulder portion indented from the first projecting portion and proximal to the first inner surface, the first shoulder portion having a plurality of parallel ribs protruding from a longitudinally extended section thereof, the ribs being spaced-apart longitudinally along the longitudinally extended section of the first shoulder portion to each extend in a transverse direction across the longitudinally extended section, each of the ribs having a tip that does not extend beyond a top end of the first projecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,375,845

DEVICES WITH MOUNTED COMPONENTS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A device comprising:a device housing comprising a housing material exhibiting a substantially isotropic coefficient of thermal expansion;
a first component mounted on an interior surface of the device housing;
a housing mount for attaching a component cluster, the housing mount mounted on the interior surface of the device housing;
a cluster mount coupled to the housing mount to attach the component cluster to the device housing, the component cluster comprising a display; and
electrically conductive traces formed on the device housing that conductively interconnect the housing mount through the device housing to the display of the component cluster.

US Pat. No. 10,375,844

USER INTERCHANGEABLE ORNAMENTAL PORTIONS OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a cover removably coupled to a portable electronic device, the cover having a non-transparent outer edge and a transparent central area; and
an insert adapted to cover at least a portion of a first side of the portable electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,375,843

SWITCHGEAR EXHAUST ASSEMBLY

AUTOMATISATION GRIMARD IN...

1. A switchgear exhaust assembly mountable to a switchgear having one or more exhaust ports, for controlling flow of exhaust from the one or more exhaust ports of the switchgear, the assembly comprising:an enclosure having a plurality of walls, the plurality of walls including a top wall, the enclosure being couplable to the switchgear to substantially enclose the one or more exhaust ports of the switchgear, the enclosure defining a primary exhaust chamber for receiving exhaust exiting the switchgear through the exhaust ports thereof, the primary exhaust chamber being located downstream of the exhaust ports,
the top wall having a top layer and a bottom layer defining at least one secondary exhaust chamber therebetween, the secondary exhaust chamber being located above the primary exhaust chamber and downstream of the primary exhaust chamber,
the bottom layer of the top wall comprising first openings providing fluid communication between the primary exhaust chamber and the secondary exhaust chamber,
the top layer and the bottom layer of the top wall defining one or more side openings therebetween, the side openings providing fluid communication between the secondary exhaust chamber and a space surrounding the enclosure, allowing exhaust to be expelled into said space;
wherein the enclosure is substantially closed when mounted to the switchgear;
wherein in an occurrence of an arc fault, gases of the exhaust exiting the switchgear through the exhaust ports and being received within the primary exhaust chamber expand and cool down within the primary exhaust chamber, the gases of the exhaust further passing through the first openings of the bottom layer into the secondary exhaust chamber wherein the gases are further cooled down, and the gases exit the enclosure only through the side openings in a substantially sideways direction;
wherein the plurality of walls of the enclosure comprises opposing lateral sidewalls and opposing end sidewalls; and
wherein the enclosure comprises at least one U-shaped element having opposing first and second sidewall members and a panel assembly extending therebetween, the first and second sidewall members corresponding to portions of the lateral sidewalls of the enclosure and the panel assembly corresponding to a portion of the top wall.

US Pat. No. 10,375,842

REMOTE CONTROL

SMK Electronics (Dongguan...

1. A program writable remote control, comprising:a housing;
a fixing part installed in a keyway of the housing;
a determination piece and a direction piece, which are installed on the fixing part; and
a direction key, a determination key and a program writing piece each extending to the fixing part, wherein the program writing piece is provided with a first through-hole through which the determination key extends to the fixing part and the fixing part is provided with at least one second through-hole through which the direction key extends and a third through-hole through which the program writing piece extends, and
the program writing piece includes an electrode group that is in electrical communication with a programmable read-only memory (PROM) such that the PROM is programmable through the electrode group.

US Pat. No. 10,375,841

ELECTRONIC CONTROL DEVICE

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. An electronic control device, comprising:a case made of synthetic resin; and
a circuit board fixed to the case, wherein
the case includes a first surface opposite to the circuit board and a second surface on an opposite side to the first surface,
a terminal of an electronic component disposed on the second surface is fixed to a through hole of the circuit board through the case,
the first surface is formed with an insertion guide rising up in a form of a concave shape from the first surface toward the circuit board,
a guide hole through which the terminal is inserted is opened on a top section wall of the insertion guide, and
the top section wall of the insertion guide is in a non-contact state to the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,375,840

TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A transparent display device, comprising:a frame including a first opening and a second opening;
a transparent display panel disposed on the first opening of the frame; and
a control module configured to control the transparent display panel and disposed on the second opening of the frame,
wherein the transparent display device is detachable from a door unit of a prescribed product,
wherein the frame comprises:
a rim frame located around the first opening and the second opening; and
an extending frame extending from the rim frame in a rearward direction,
wherein the transparent display device further comprises a fastener configured to detachably couple the extending frame and a lateral surface of the door unit of the prescribed product, and
wherein a gap adjusting unit configured to adjust a gap between a rear surface of the transparent display panel and the front surface of the door unit of the prescribed product is disposed in the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,375,839

COVER WINDOW OF FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE AND FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An apparatus, comprising:a cover window on a flexible display device and including:
a base substrate that includes an out-folding area, an in-folding area, and a plurality of peripheral areas each disposed on opposing sides of at least one of the out-folding area and the in-folding area;
a first hard coating layer at a top surface of the base substrate, the first hard coating layer having a substantially uniform thickness; and
a second hard coating layer at a bottom surface of the base substrate opposite to the top surface, the second hard coating layer having a thickness that is different from the thickness of the first hard coating layer,
wherein a thickness of a first area of the second hard coating layer that overlaps with the out-folding area and the in-folding area of the base substrate is less than a thickness of a second area of the second hard coating layer that overlaps with the peripheral areas of the base substrate, an entirety of the thickness of the second area of the second hard coating layer including a same material composition throughout.

US Pat. No. 10,375,838

SLEEVED COAXIAL PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD VIAS

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method of manufacturing a sleeved coaxial via in a printed circuit board, comprising:affixing a plurality of layers together, one on top of another, to form the printed circuit board;
drilling a first hole through said plurality of layers;
plating an inner circumference of said first hole with a conductive material to create a metal sleeve;
depositing an insulating material in said first hole after said plating, wherein said insulating material fills the first hole and is disposed at a top surface and a bottom surface of said printed circuit board;
plating an entirety of said top surface, an entirety of said bottom surface and said insulating material disposed at said top surface and said bottom surface;
drilling a second hole through said insulating material after said insulating material has been plated;
inserting a conductive material in said second hole to form a conductive path;
electrically connecting the metal sleeve to ground; and
electrically connecting a signal trace on an outer layer of said printed circuit board to said conductive path, wherein the outer layer comprises said top surface or said bottom surface.

US Pat. No. 10,375,837

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A CERAMIC SUBSTRATE

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A method of manufacturing a ceramic substrate including a ceramic layer mainly formed of a glass ceramic and a conductor trace mainly formed of silver (Ag), comprising:a step of preparing a ceramic paste in which a powder of at least one of a metal boride and a metal silicide is added to a raw material powder of the glass ceramic, the raw material powder of the glass ceramic comprising borosilicate glass powder and alumina (Al2O3) powder;
a step of applying the ceramic paste to a green sheet which is to become the ceramic layer after firing;
a step of applying a conductor paste which is to become the conductor trace after firing to the ceramic paste having been applied to the green sheet; and
a step of firing the green sheet carrying the ceramic paste and the conductor paste applied thereto;
wherein a total amount of the at least one of the metal boride and the metal silicide with respect to an amount of an inorganic component of the ceramic paste is 3 vol. % to 7 vol. % such that diffusion of a silver component of the conductor trace is prevented.

US Pat. No. 10,375,835

METHODS OF TREATING METAL SURFACES AND DEVICES FORMED THEREBY

Atotech Deutchland GmbH, ...

1. A method of fabricating a printed circuit board, comprising the steps of:a. stabilizing a copper surface by forming a copper oxide layer thereon;
b. conditioning the copper oxide layer with a reducing agent, the reducing agent is selected from any one or more of formaldehyde, sodium thiosulfate, sodium borohydride, a borane reducing agent represented by the general formula BH3NHRR?, wherein R and R? are each selected from the group consisting of H, CH3 and CH2CH3, dimethylamine borane (DMAB), a cyclic borane, morpholine borane, pyridium borane, and piperidine borane; and
c. coupling one or more organic molecules to the copper oxide layer, the one or more organic molecules comprising a thermally stable base bearing one or more binding groups configured to bind the copper oxide surface and one or more attachment groups configured to attach to a resin,
wherein the stabilizing and the conditioning are carried out so as to not roughen the metal surface relative to the roughness of the metal surface prior to the stabilizing.

US Pat. No. 10,375,834

3D PRINTING WITH COMPONENTS EMBEDDED

Flextronics AP, LLC., Br...

1. A method of making an electronic board comprising:a. coupling one or more discrete electronic components to a base layer; and
b. additive printing around and on the one or more electronic components after coupling the one or more electronic components to the base layer, wherein additive printing forms an insulating layer over the one or more electronic components, wherein the insulating layer has one or more holes formed by the additive process, the one or more holes extending through the insulating layer to a surface of each electronic component.

US Pat. No. 10,375,833

METHODS OF MANUFACTURING PACKAGED ELECTRONIC DEVICES WITH TOP TERMINATIONS

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A method of manufacturing an electronic device, the method comprising the steps of:coupling a transistor of an amplifier circuit to a surface of a substrate, wherein the transistor has a first die pad at a transistor top surface;
coupling a first conductive termination structure to the first die pad;
after coupling the first conductive termination structure to the first die pad, forming an encapsulation having an encapsulation top surface over at least a portion of the surface of the substrate and the transistor top surface, wherein the first conductive termination structure extends from the first die pad through the encapsulation to the encapsulation top surface;
and
physically coupling a second circuit that forms a portion of the amplifier circuit to the encapsulation top surface, wherein the second circuit is electrically coupled to the transistor through the first conductive termination structure.

US Pat. No. 10,375,832

METHOD OF FORMING AN INTERFERENCE SHIELD ON A SUBSTRATE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A method of forming an interference shield on a substrate, the method comprising:providing a die comprising contact points;
forming a build-up carrier adjacent a device side of the die, the build-up carrier comprising a plurality of alternating layers of patterned conductive material and insulating material, wherein at least one of the layers of patterned conductive material is coupled to one of the contact points of the die, wherein the die is embedded in the build-up carrier, wherein forming the build-up carrier comprises forming the plurality of alternating layers of conductive material and dielectric material on a sacrificial panel, and after forming the plurality of alternating layers of conductive material and dielectric material, separating the build-up carrier from the sacrificial panel; and
forming an interference shield on a top and sidewalls of the build-up carrier, wherein the portion of the interference shield on the top of the build-up carrier is non-planar.

US Pat. No. 10,375,831

STRETCHABLE MULTILAYER ELECTRONICS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An electronic device, comprising: a first flexible layer, including a first flexible substrate and a first conductive layer coupled to the first flexible substrate; a second flexible layer including a second flexible substrate and a second conductive layer coupled to the second flexible substrate, wherein a first gap is located between the first flexible layer and the second flexible layer, and a plurality of bonding sites extend between the first flexible layer and the second flexible layer, and the plurality of bonding sites extend through the first gap, the plurality of bonding sites couple the first flexible layer with the second flexible layer; an elastomer foundation; and wherein the first flexible layer includes anchoring sites and the anchoring sites are coupled to the elastomer foundation at a plurality of anchoring points, further comprising a third flexible layer coupled to the first flexible layer and the third flexible layer is spaced apart from the third flexible layer with a second gap, the third flexible layer including: a third flexible substrate, and a third conductive layer coupled to the third flexible substrate; and wherein the second flexible layer is coupled with the first flexible layer and extends in a first direction, and the third flexible layer is coupled with the first flexible layer and extends in a second direction, and the second direction is angled in relation to the first direction, further comprising a rigid island, wherein the rigid island has a durometer greater than the elastomer foundation, and an electronic component is coupled to the rigid island.

US Pat. No. 10,375,830

METHOD OF ASSEMBLING POWER MODULE VIA FOLDING

GM Global Technology Oper...

17. A power module assembly comprising:a first cell layer including a first plurality of cells placed adjacent to one another;
a flexible circuit layer positioned adjacent to the first cell layer, the flexible circuit being electrically conductive;
a second cell layer positioned adjacent to the flexible circuit layer such that the flexible circuit layer is sandwiched between the first cell layer and the second cell layer, the second cell layer including a second plurality of cells placed adjacent to one another;
a plurality of heat spreaders placed in an alternating pattern directly outward of the first plurality of cells and the second plurality of cells, the plurality of heat spreaders including a first heat spreader and a second heat spreader;
wherein the alternating pattern is such that the first heat spreader is positioned directly outward of one of the first plurality of cells and the second heat spreader is positioned directly outward of an adjacent one of the second plurality of cells;
wherein the plurality of heat spreaders is configured to dissipate heat away from the flexible circuit layer; and
wherein the flexible circuit layer is configured to be folded along each of a plurality of axes of rotation such that at least one of the first plurality of cells directly faces another one of the first plurality of cells and at least one of the second plurality of cells directly faces another one of the second plurality of cells.

US Pat. No. 10,375,829

HUMAN-MACHINE INTERFACE ASSEMBLIES

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A human-machine interface assembly, comprising:a fascia;
a touch film having a first raised contact;
a printed circuit board (PCB) having a second raised contact; and
a backer attached to the fascia, the backer having an extending member configured to bias the second raised contact against the first raised contact by applying a force to the PCB at substantially the second raised contact.

US Pat. No. 10,375,828

PRINTED WIRING BOARD

IBIDEN CO., LTD., Ogaki ...

1. A printed wiring board, comprising:a core substrate comprising a core layer, a first conductor layer formed on a first surface of the core layer, a second conductor layer formed on a second surface of the core layer on an opposite side with respect to the first surface, and a plurality of through-hole conductors penetrating through the core layer and connecting the first conductor layer and the second conductor layer;
a first build-up layer comprising a first resin insulating layer formed on a first surface side of the core substrate, an inner side first conductor layer formed on the first resin insulating layer, a plurality of first via conductors penetrating through the first resin insulating layer and electrically connecting the first conductor layer and the inner side first conductor layer, an outermost first resin insulating layer formed on the inner side first conductor layer, an outermost first conductor layer formed on the outermost first resin insulating layer, and a plurality of outermost first via conductors penetrating through the outermost first resin insulating layer and electrically connecting the inner side first conductor layer and the outermost first conductor layer; and
a second build-up layer comprising a second resin insulating layer formed on a second surface side of the core substrate on an opposite side with respect to the first surface side of the core substrate, an inner side second conductor layer formed on the second resin insulating layer, a plurality of second via conductors penetrating through the second resin insulating layer and electrically connecting the second conductor layer and the inner side second conductor layer, an outermost second resin insulating layer formed on the inner side second conductor layer, an outermost second conductor layer formed on the outermost second resin insulating layer, and a plurality of outermost second via conductors penetrating through the outermost second resin insulating layer and electrically connecting the inner side second conductor layer and the outermost second conductor layer,
wherein the core substrate and the first and second build-up layers are formed such that each of the first and second conductor layers, the inner side first and second conductor layers, and the outermost first and second conductor layers comprises a metal foil, a seed layer formed on the metal foil, and an electrolytic plating film formed on the seed layer, that the plurality of first via conductors comprises the electrolytic plating film of the inner side first conductor layer, that the plurality of second via conductors comprises the electrolytic plating film of the inner side second conductor layer, that the plurality of outermost first via conductors comprises the electrolytic plating film of the outermost first conductor layer, that the plurality of outermost second via conductors comprises the electrolytic plating film of the outermost second conductor layer, and that a ratio t1/T1 is smaller than 1, a ratio t2/T2 is smaller than 1, a ratio u1/U1 is smaller than 1, a ratio u2/U2 is smaller than 1, a ratio s1/S1 is larger than 1, and a ratio s2/S2 is larger than 1, where t1 is a thickness of the electrolytic plating film of the first conductor layer, T1 is a thickness of the metal foil of the first conductor layer, t2 is a thickness of the electrolytic plating film of the second conductor layer, T2 is a thickness of the metal foil of the second conductor layer, u1 is a thickness of the electrolytic plating film of the outermost first conductor layer, U1 is a thickness of the metal foil of the outermost first conductor layer, u2 is a thickness of the electrolytic plating film of the outermost second conductor layer, U2 is a thickness of the metal foil of the outermost second conductor layer, s1 is a thickness of the electrolytic plating film of the inner side first conductor layer, S1 is a thickness of the metal foil of the inner side first conductor layer, s2 is a thickness of the electrolytic plating film of the inner side second conductor layer, and S2 is a thickness of the metal foil of the inner side second conductor layer.

US Pat. No. 10,375,827

CIRCUITS FOR FLEXIBLE STRUCTURES

KARDIUM INC., Burnaby (C...

1. A flexible circuit structure comprising:at least one nonconductive flexible layer comprising an electrically insulative material; and
one or more conductive flexible circuit layers proximate the at least one nonconductive flexible layer, the one or more conductive flexible circuit layers comprising an electrically conductive material, wherein the one or more conductive flexible circuit layers comprises or comprise:
an electric-serial-circuitry-connection-arrangement including a serial-electrical-connection order of a first electrical-load-measurement lead, a first electrical load, a second electrical-load-measurement lead, a third electrical-load-measurement lead, a second electrical load, a fourth electrical-load-measurement lead, a third electrical load, and a fifth electrical-load-measurement lead,
wherein a first distance between the first electrical load and the second electrical load is greater than a second distance between the second electrical load and the third electrical load,
wherein the first electrical-load-measurement lead and the second electrical-load-measurement lead are positioned to sense voltage across, or current flowing through, the first electrical load,
wherein the third electrical-load-measurement lead and the fourth electrical-load-measurement lead are positioned to sense voltage across, or current flowing through, the second electrical load, and
wherein the fourth electrical-load-measurement lead and the fifth electrical-load-measurement lead are positioned to sense voltage or current across the third electrical load.

US Pat. No. 10,375,826

HIGH TEMPERATURE DRILLING ELECTRONICS

1. A printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) for downhole applications, comprising:a printed circuit board (PCB) and a plurality of electronic components installed on the PCB;
wherein the PCB comprises a polyimide substrate, a lead-free surface finish, a plurality of traces, a plurality of surface mount pads, and a plurality of VIAs, and
wherein a ratio between a width of one of the plurality of surface mount pads to a width of the trace connected thereto is 2 or less,
wherein X/Y ranges from 0.8 to about 0.86, wherein X is a minimum trace width of the plurality of traces and Y is the minimum spacing between the two adjacent traces amongst the plurality of traces.

US Pat. No. 10,375,825

POWER MODULE SUBSTRATE, POWER MODULE SUBSTRATE WITH HEAT SINK, POWER MODULE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING POWER MODULE SUBSTRATE, AND COPPER MEMBER-BONDING PASTE

MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORP...

1. A power module substrate, comprising:a ceramic substrate that is formed of AlN or Si3N4 and has a first surface;
a copper plate that is formed of copper or a copper alloy and is laminated and bonded on the first surface of the ceramic substrate;
a nitride layer that contains at least one nitride of elements selected from Ti, Hf, Zr, and Nb, is formed on the first surface of the ceramic substrate between the copper plate and the ceramic substrate and the nitride layer contains one or two or more additional elements selected from In, Al, Mn and Zn; and
an Ag—Cu eutectic structure layer that has a thickness of 15 ?m or less and is formed between the nitride layer and the copper plate,
wherein
the thickness of the Ag—Cu eutectic structure layer is measured by a method comprising:
obtaining a backscattered electron image of an interface between the copper plate and the ceramic substrate using an EPMA;
based on the backscattered electron image, measuring the area of the Ag—Cu eutectic structure layer continuously formed on the bonding interface in a measurement visual field at a magnification of 2000 times;
dividing the area of the Ag—Cu eutectic structure layer by the width of the measurement visual field, and
obtaining the average of the thicknesses in five measurement visual fields as the thickness of the Ag—Cu eutectic structure layer.

US Pat. No. 10,375,824

MULTI-FUNCTIONAL HIGH-CURRENT CIRCUIT BOARD

ZF FRIEDRICHSHAFEN AG, F...

1. A multifunctional high current circuit board comprising: a. a high-current-conducting layer that includes a high current-carrying structure: and b. a switching layer that includes: two switching sub-layers electrically and thermally connected to the high current-carrying structure, and at least two heat sources arranged adjacent to one another, disposed below the two switching sub-layers, wherein the two switching sub-layers are configured to carry high current potentials; wherein the two switching sub-layers are interconnected by at least one micro through-hole plating; wherein high current-carrying potentials are conducted into the switching layer; and a monolithic passive cooling element configured to overlay the at least two heat sources, wherein the passive cooling element defines first and second partially enclosed spaces for receiving a first and a second of the at least two heat sources, respectively, wherein an interior of the first enclosed space is configured to compliment an outside surface of the first heat source, and an interior of the second enclosed space is configured to complement an outside surface of the second heat source to thereby efficiently draw heat generated by the respective heat sources away from the heat sources.

US Pat. No. 10,375,823

DIFFERENTIAL SIGNAL TRACES INCLUDING A SOLDER MASK DISPOSED THEREON

FCI USA LLC, Etters, PA ...

9. A printed circuit board comprising:a substrate;
a first electrically conductive trace on the substrate;
a second electrically conductive trace on the substrate proximate the first electrically conductive trace; and
a solder mask at the first and the second electrically conductive traces, wherein the solder mask covers a length of the second electrically conductive trace, and wherein the solder mask does not cover an adjacent length of the first electrically conductive trace, and wherein the solder mask covers a majority of the first and the second electrically conductive traces.

US Pat. No. 10,375,822

CIRCUIT BOARD WITH RETURN PATH SEPARATED LOW CROSSTALK VIA TRANSITION STRUCTURE

Advanced Micro Devices, I...

1. A circuit board, comprising:a first differential signal via pair having a first signal via and a second signal via and a first electrical wall between the first signal via and the second signal via;
a second differential via pair having a third signal via and a fourth signal via and a second electrical wall between the third signal via and the fourth signal via, there being a first midline between the first differential signal via pair and the second differential signal via pair;
a third differential signal via pair having a fifth signal via and a sixth signal via and a third electrical wall between the fifth signal via and the sixth signal via, there being a second midline between the third differential signal via pair and the second differential signal via pair;
a first ground return path via positioned substantially along the first midline and not on the first electrical wall or the second electrical wall and a second ground return path via is positioned substantially along the second midline and not on the second electrical wall or the third electrical wall.

US Pat. No. 10,375,821

CONVERTER MOUNTING BOARD

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A converter mounting board comprising:an electronic component which is supplied with an electric current;
a high-frequency DC-DC converter that supplies a first direct current corresponding to a fast change of the electric current to the electronic component; and
a low-frequency DC-DC converter located farther away from the electronic component than the high-frequency DC-DC converter and that supplies a second direct current corresponding to a slow change of the electric current slower than the first direct current corresponding to the fast change of the electric current to the electronic component,
wherein
the high-frequency DC-DC converter and the low-frequency DC-DC converter independently output the first direct current and the second direct current to the electronic component, respectively,
the first direct current and the second direct current output from the high-frequency DC-DC converter and the low-frequency DC-DC converter, respectively, are synthesized to be supplied to the electronic component, and
when a frequency of a load current of the electronic component is higher than a predetermined frequency, the first direct current from the high-frequency DC-DC converter is supplied to the electronic component.

US Pat. No. 10,375,820

CROSSTALK REDUCTION BETWEEN SIGNAL LAYERS IN A MULTILAYERED PACKAGE BY VARIABLE-WIDTH MESH PLANE STRUCTURES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of fabricating a multilayered ceramic package, comprising:receiving, by at least one computer system, an initial multilayered ceramic package design, wherein the initial multilayered ceramic package design comprises a plurality of signal layers, each signal layer having one or more signal lines, at least one mesh layer adjacent at least one signal layer of the plurality of signal layers, wherein the at least one mesh layer comprises a mesh of a plurality of interconnected mesh line segments referenced by connection to either voltage or ground, wherein each of the plurality of mesh line segments are set to a same width, and at least one via running through the at least one signal layer and the at least one reference mesh layer, wherein each of the plurality of mesh line segments is positioned at least a via clearance minimum distance from the at least one via;
maintaining, by the at least one computer system, a first selection of mesh line segments of the plurality of mesh line segments at a first width and adjusting a second selection of mesh line segments of the plurality of mesh line segments to a second width, wherein the second width is greater than the first width, wherein the second selection of mesh line segments of the second width are positioned to contain crosstalk introduced by a selection of signal lines in at least one of the plurality of signal layers, wherein each of the plurality of mesh line segments is positioned at least the via clearance minimum distance for the at least one via, to generate a modified multilayered ceramic package design with mesh wiring of varying widths;
removing, by the at least one computer system, at least one mesh line segment from among the first selection of mesh line segments in the initial multilayered ceramic package design, to generate the modified multilayered ceramic package design with mesh wiring of varying widths and at least one less mesh line segment than specified in the initial multilayered ceramic package design, to reduce the total metal fill for the plurality of mesh line segments to meet metal loading requirements for fabricating the at least one mesh layer; and
controlling fabrication, by the at least one computer system, of the multilayered ceramic package based on the modified multilayered ceramic package design.

US Pat. No. 10,375,819

CIRCUIT BOARD DEVICE

LAPIS Semiconductor Co., ...

1. A circuit board device comprising:a printed wiring board;
an IC chip provided on an obverse surface of the printed wiring board and having at least one ground terminal and at least first and second power supply terminals, the ground terminal and the first and second power supply terminals extending outward from the IC chip in a first direction, the ground terminal arranged between the first and second power supply terminals in a second direction crossing the first direction;
a ground wiring pattern and a power supplying wiring pattern provided on the printed wiring board, the ground wiring pattern and the power supplying wiring pattern being configured to provide a ground potential and a power supply potential to the ground terminal and the power supply terminal of the IC chip, respectively, wherein the ground wiring pattern is provided on a reverse surface of the printed wiring board;
a ground via extending through the printed wiring board from the obverse surface to the reverse surface;
a bypass capacitor that is provided on the obverse surface of the printed wiring board, the bypass capacitor having one end connected to the first power supply terminal and another end connected to the ground via;
at least one via that is connected to the ground wiring pattern and passes through the printed wiring board is present in a region where the IC chip is mounted on the obverse surface of the printed wiring board,
a first wiring pattern connected between the ground terminal and the at least one via, the first wiring pattern extending in a third direction opposite the first direction between the ground terminal outward of the IC and the at least one via in the region where the IC chip is mounted.

US Pat. No. 10,375,818

PRINTED BOARD

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A printed board, comprising:a plurality of ground layers disposed in a printed board;
a power supply layer put between the plurality of the ground layers; and
through holes disposed along at least periphery of the printed board and connecting the plurality of the ground layers,
wherein the through holes are disposed at intervals according to a wavelength corresponding to a maximum frequency of electromagnetic waves to be suppressed.

US Pat. No. 10,375,817

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPO...

1. An electronic device comprising:a wiring substrate which has a first surface, a second surface opposite the first surface, and a plurality of wiring layers arranged between the first surface and the second surface; and
a metal-made case which supports the wiring substrate,
wherein the wiring substrate includes
a first through hole which penetrates from one surface to other surface, of a surface on which an uppermost wiring layer of the wiring layers is formed and a surface on which a lowermost wiring layer is formed,
a through electrode which is formed inside the first through hole, and
a conductor pattern which is formed on a wiring layer positioned on a side inner, in a substrate thickness direction, than the uppermost and lowermost layers, of the wiring layers,
wherein the conductor pattern and the case are electrically coupled through the through electrode,
wherein the wiring substrate is fixed to the case using a plurality of metal-made coupling members,
wherein, of the coupling members, at least one first coupling member is electrically coupled to the conductor pattern,
wherein the wiring substrate is electrically coupled to the conductor pattern on the first surface and the second surface, and has a ground terminal which is externally and mechanically connected to a lead wire to which a ground potential is supplied,
wherein the coupling members are provided at a plurality of points, respectively, and
wherein, of the coupling members provided at the points, the at least one first coupling member is disposed at a straight distance nearest to the ground terminal in plan view and is electrically and mechanically connected to the case.

US Pat. No. 10,375,816

PRINTED-CIRCUIT BOARD, PRINTED-WIRING BOARD, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

10. A printed-wiring board on which an electronic component having a heat radiation part can be mounted, comprising:a land group with which a terminal group of the electronic component is joined;
a first conductor pattern which is arranged in a mounting area where the electronic component is mounted and which is joined with the heat radiation part of the electronic component;
a second conductor pattern, at least a part of which is arranged on an outside of the mounting area; and
a third conductor pattern which connects the first conductor pattern and the second conductor pattern,
wherein the land group includes a first land adjacent to the third conductor pattern and a second land which is not adjacent to the third conductor pattern, and
the first land is formed in a shape different from that of the second land so as to be spaced from the third conductor pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,375,815

METHOD FOR ADJUSTING PARTICLE ORBIT ALIGNMENT BY USING FIRST HARMONIC IN CYCLOTRON

HEFEI CAS ION MEDICAL AND...

1. A method for adjusting particle orbit alignment using a first harmonic in a cyclotron, characterized by comprising the following steps:Step 1: providing eight identical coils in the vicinity of an extreme point of the magnetic field of the cyclotron, and covering the coils near the extreme point;
Step 2: dividing the eight coils into four pairs of coils, wherein a first pair of coils (9) includes a first coil (1) and a second coil (2) symmetrically disposed above and below; a second pair of coils (10) includes a third coil (3) and a fourth coil (4) symmetrically disposed above and below; a third pair of coils (11) includes a fifth coil (5) and a sixth coil (6) symmetrically disposed above and below; a fourth pair of coils (12) includes a seventh coil (7) and an eighth coil (8) symmetrically disposed above and below; and then the first pair of coils (9), the second pair of coils (10), the third pair of coils (11) and the fourth pair of coils (12) are divided into two groups; the first group of coils includes the first pair of coils (9) and the third pair of coils (11) that are symmetrically disposed; and the second group of coils includes the second pair of coils (10) and the fourth pair of coils (12) that are symmetrically disposed;
Step 3: setting the axes of the two pairs of coils of the same group at 180°;
Step 4: setting the axes of the first group of coils and the axis of the second group of coils at 70°-110° therebetween;
Step 5: connecting each coil to a DC power source external to the main unit of the accelerator via a current lead;
Step 6: applying currents with the same magnitude and same direction into the two coils in each pair of coils;
Step 7: applying currents with the same magnitude and opposite direction into two pairs of coils in the same group;
Step 8: after the currents are applied, the four coils in the first group of coils together generating a first independent harmonic (13), the four coils in the second group of coils together generating a second independent harmonic (14), and obtaining a first harmonic (15) according to a vector sum of the first independent harmonic (13) and the second independent harmonic (14),
Step 9: by using real-time feedback of beam detection of the cyclotron and according to the eccentricity of an equilibrium orbit of beam particles, performing real-time adjustment of the magnitude and direction of the currents applied to the coils by the DC power source; by changing the magnitude of the currents applied to the first group of coils and the second group of coils, changing the amplitude of the corresponding first independent harmonic (13) and the second independent harmonic (14); by changing the direction of the currents applied to the first group of coils and the second group of coils, changing the positive or negative direction of the phase of the corresponding first independent harmonic (13) and the second independent harmonic (14); and further changing the amplitude and phase of the first harmonic (15), that is, achieving alignment adjustment of the equilibrium orbit of the beam particles.

US Pat. No. 10,375,814

PHOTON NEUTRALIZERS FOR NEUTRAL BEAM INJECTORS

TAE TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. A non-resonance photo-neutralizer for neutral beam injectors comprisingfirst and second mirrors having opposing mirror surfaces forming a photon trap, wherein the mirror surface of the first mirror is concave and the mirror surface of the second mirror is flat, wherein the first mirror comprises a mirror assembly including a central mirror and first and second outer mirrors coupled to the central mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,375,813

ON-CHIP TRAPPED ULTRACOLD ATOM SENSOR ALLOWING ROTATIONAL VELOCITY TO BE MEASURED

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An ultra-cold atom sensor for measuring a rotational velocity along a measurement axis, said sensor comprising:an electronic chip positioned in a vacuum chamber and including a measurement plane normal to said measurement axis;
an atom source arranged so as to generate a cloud of ultra-cold atoms close to said measurement plane;
an electromagnetic wave emitter designed to initialize the internal states of said ultra-cold atoms at a superposition of internal states |a> and |b>;
means designed to generate a first and a second ultra-cold atom trap, one trap making it possible to immobilize a cloud of ultra-cold atoms in an internal state different from the other trap, at a predetermined distance from said measurement plane, said means comprising:
at least one first and one second waveguide that are designed to propagate microwaves with angular frequencies ?a and ?b, said waveguides being non-secant and positioned symmetrically about an axis called the axis of symmetry Sy,
conductive wires integrated into said chip and designed to be flowed through by DC currents, distributed into a first set comprising at least one conductive wire, and a second set comprising a plurality of n conductive wires that are parallel with one another and not parallel with the said axis of symmetry Sy,
said sets being arranged such that the at least one conductive wire of the first set is not parallel with the conductive wires of the second set, defining n points of intersection between any one conductive wire of the first set and one or more conductive wires of the second set, said n points of intersection between the any one conductive wire of the first set and the one or more conductive wires of the second set being located on the axis of symmetry Sy,
a homogeneous magnetic field generator,
an optical intensity detection system designed to measure at least one population of said ultra-cold atoms in one said internal state;
at least one processor, at least one DC current or voltage generator designed to control electric currents in said conductive wires, and at least one microwave current or voltage generator connected to said waveguides,
said means being configured to modify the energy of said ultra-cold atoms in such a way as to create a potential minimum for the ultra-cold atoms in the internal state |a> and a potential minimum for the ultra-cold atoms in the internal state |b>, thus forming said first and second ultra-cold atom traps, and to move said traps along a closed path, traveled in one direction by the ultra-cold atoms of the first trap and in the opposite direction by the ultra-cold atoms of the second trap.

US Pat. No. 10,375,812

LOW ELECTRON TEMPERATURE, EDGE-DENSITY ENHANCED, SURFACE-WAVE PLASMA (SWP) PROCESSING METHOD AND APPARATUS

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A plasma source comprising:a multiple winding coil disposed around the perimeter of a processing space, said coil including a conductive wire having a center winding, a first end, and a second end;
said coil configured with said center winding disposed in an innermost winding layer, and with said first end and said second end extending therefrom;
said first end being wrapped in a first direction and said second end being wrapped in a second direction opposite said first direction, to form a dipole pair and complete the innermost winding layer, and the first and second ends being further wrapped progressively radially outwardly from the innermost winding layer to form successive dipole pairs in successive radial winding layers, from the innermost winding layer and out to an outermost winding layer and to said first and second ends;
each of said winding layers being configured to include at least one dipole pair; and
said plasma source further including an energy source coupled to said first end and said second end and configured to provide a balanced Radio Frequency signal to said coil.

US Pat. No. 10,375,811

ASYMMETRIC INDUCTION DEVICES AND SYSTEMS AND METHODS USING THEM

PerkinElmer Health Scienc...

1. A device for generating a plasma in a torch body with a longitudinal axis along which a flow of gas is introduced during operation of the torch body, the device comprising a plurality of induction coils comprising at least three coils coupled to each other and forming an aperture configured to receive a portion of the torch body, in which the at least three coils comprise a first coil coupled to a second coil and a third coil coupled to the second coil to provide an induction coil winding configured to receive the torch body in the formed aperture, wherein longitudinal spacing along a longitudinal direction substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the torch body between at least two of the first coil, the second coil and the third coil is asymmetric in the longitudinal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,375,810

CAPACITIVELY COUPLED DEVICES AND OSCILLATORS

PerkinElmer Health Scienc...

1. A method of sustaining a capacitively coupled plasma comprising:introducing a gas flow into a torch body comprising alumina, wherein the gas flow comprises helium gas; and
providing radio frequency energy to the torch body using a capacitive device configured to sustain the capacitively coupled plasma in the torch body comprising the alumina, in which the capacitive device contacts an external surface of the torch body, wherein the capacitive device comprises a wire coil comprising a plurality of coils coupled to each other and positioned external to and coiled around the torch body with the wire coils forming an aperture that receives the torch body, in which the wire coil is configured to couple to an oscillator at a first end of the wire coil to provide the radio frequency energy and contacts the external surface of the torch at a second terminal end of the wire coil to provide capacitive coupling to the torch.

US Pat. No. 10,375,809

EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT GENERATION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT GENERATION DEVICE

Gigaphoton Inc., Tochigi...

1. An extreme ultraviolet light generating apparatus comprising:a laser device configured to emit a pulsed laser beam;
a target detector configured to detect a target substance supplied as an application target for the laser beam to an inside of a chamber; and
a controller configured to control the laser device based on a burst signal in which are repeated a burst period for which to generate an extreme ultraviolet light beam and an idle period for which to pause the generation of the extreme ultraviolet light beam,
the controller reducing an intensity of a laser beam entering the inside of the chamber from the laser device, when a size of a target substance detected at the target detector in the idle period is greater than a predetermined size.

US Pat. No. 10,375,808

DISCHARGE LAMP DRIVE DEVICE, LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE, PROJECTOR, AND DISCHARGE LAMP DRIVE METHOD

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A discharge lamp drive device comprising:a discharge lamp driver adapted to supply a drive current to a discharge lamp having a first electrode and a second electrode;
a control section adapted to control the discharge lamp driver; and
a storage section adapted to store a plurality of drive patterns of the drive current,
wherein each of the drive patterns has a plurality of drive parameters,
wherein the plurality of drive patterns includes a first drive pattern and a second drive pattern different from each other in a value of at least one of the plurality of drive parameters, and
wherein the control section is configured to execute the first drive pattern and the second drive pattern in accordance with at least one of accumulated lighting time of the discharge lamp and an individual of the discharge lamp in a case in which an inter-electrode voltage of the discharge lamp is at a predetermined voltage value.

US Pat. No. 10,375,807

CONTROLLER WITH PERIPHERAL VISUAL FEEDBACK

ABL IP HOLDING LLC, Cony...

1. A control pod, comprising;a controller; and
a cover plate configured to cover the controller when the control pod is mounted on or recessed into an architectural structure in a space, the cover plate consisting of:
a single, continuous surface, wherein the surface is exposed and entirely accessible for user inputs within the space; and
a light transmissive area extending along a substantial section of an outermost perimeter of the continuous surface of the cover plate;
wherein the controller comprises:
a user input responsive sensor;
a selectively controllable light source coupled to the light transmissive area substantially along the outer perimeter of the surface of the cover plate;
a driver circuit coupled to drive the light source to selectively emit light through points of the light transmissive area around the outermost perimeter of the surface of the cover plate;
a transmitter circuit, configured to transmit control signals to operate a device configured to control an environmental condition in the space; and
a processor coupled to respond to data corresponding to user inputs sensed by the user input responsive sensor, coupled to control the light source via the driver circuit and coupled to the transmitter circuit, the processor being configured to:
detect the user inputs of a control command based on a user action detected via the user input responsive sensor; and based on the detected control command:
cause the transmitter circuit to send a control signal to the device to implement a function corresponding to the detected control command; and
control the light source via the driver circuit to selectively provide a light output through the light transmissive area of the continuous surface of the cover plate for a period of time following control command detection, as visible feedback corresponding to the detected control command, for observation by the user, along at least a portion of the section of the light transmissive area of the continuous surface of the cover plate.

US Pat. No. 10,375,806

LIGHTING CONTROL SYSTEM, LIGHTING SYSTEM, AND LIGHTING CONTROL METHOD

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A lighting control system that controls a light source that emits light to a space in which subjects stay, the lighting control system comprising:a communication interface that obtains stay schedule information indicating scheduled periods in an operation period after a first time and before a second time later than the first time, the scheduled periods being periods during each of which a corresponding one of the subjects is to stay in the space; and
a processor that creates an illumination schedule for causing the light source to emit the light, based on the stay schedule information, and causes the light source to emit the light according to the illumination schedule created,
wherein the processor creates, based on the stay schedule information, the illumination schedule for (i) allowing the subjects to achieve respective target light-receiving times that are predetermined and for which the subjects receive the light emitted by the light source, (ii) minimizing a time for which the light source emits the light, (iii) causing the light source to emit the light during a period including a scheduled period common to at least two of the subject, and (iv) causing the light source not to emit the light during a period including a scheduled period common to less than two of the subjects,
the communication interface obtains the target light-receiving time of each of the subjects, and
the processor creates the illumination schedule for allowing the largest number of the subjects to achieve at least the target light-receiving time, based on the stay schedule information and the target light-receiving time.

US Pat. No. 10,375,805

WIRELESS SWITCH

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. Control equipment for use in a system, the system comprising:a wirelessly controllable appliance, and
a wired switch connected into a wired electrical circuit for supplying power from a power source to the wirelessly controllable appliance, the wired switch arranged to be switched from a first position to a second position by a user exerting mechanical force on a first area of the wired switch, and from the second position to the first position by the user exerting mechanical force on a second area of the wired switch,
wherein one of the first position and the second position of the wired switch is an ON state in which the power is supplied from the power source to the wirelessly controllable appliance via the electrical circuit, and the other of the first position and the second position of the wired switch is an OFF state in which no power is supplied to the wirelessly controllable appliance via the electrical circuit;
the control equipment comprising:
a wireless switch arranged to be retrofitted to the wired switch, the wireless switch comprising one or more sensors, the one or more sensors arranged to detect whether the wired switch is in the first position or the second position and the one or more sensors further arranged to detect a touch input in at least a part of the first area of the wired switch and the one or more sensors further arranged to detect a touch input in at least a part of the second area of the wired switch, the wireless switch further comprising transmission circuitry arranged to transmit an indication of said detections, and
a controller arranged to wirelessly control the wirelessly controllable appliance via a wireless communication channel, to receive the indication, and to determine a reachability of the wirelessly controllable appliance over the wireless communication channel, wherein the controller is further arranged to associate, based on the determined reachability of the wirelessly controllable appliance, one of the first area and the second area to an OFF command for turning OFF the wirelessly controllable appliance, such that the one area of the first area is the same area as the one of the second area which, when pressure is exerted on it, causes the wired switch to be switched to the position of the first and second position associated with the OFF state, and wherein the controller is further arranged for controlling the wirelessly controllable appliance, at least when the wired switch is in the ON state, to turn OFF when an indication is received of detection of a touch input in at least a part of the one of the first area and the second area associated with the OFF command.

US Pat. No. 10,375,804

LIGHTING CONNECTIVITY MODULE

LIFI Labs, Inc., San Fra...

1. A lighting connectivity module comprising:a baseboard comprising a first region adjacent a second region;
a radio frequency (RF) component connected to the second region;
a wireless communication chipset mounted to the first region, the RF component communicably coupled to the wireless communication chipset;
a microcontroller mounted to the first region, the microcontroller electrically coupled to the wireless communication chipset, wherein the microcontroller comprises a processor configured to:
receive an input from the wireless communication chipset,
execute firmware for generating lighting instructions based on the input, and
provide an output signal at a processor output contact based on the lighting instructions; and
an electromagnetic shield mounted to the first region and not the second region, wherein the electromagnetic shield encloses the wireless communication chipset and the microcontroller.

US Pat. No. 10,375,803

CONTROL DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING MULTIPLE OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ELECTRICAL LOAD

Lutron Technology Company...

1. A control device configured for use in a load control system to control one or more electrical loads external to the control device, the control device comprising:a base portion configured to be mounted to an electrical wallbox or over a mechanical switch;
a first rotating portion configured to be rotatable with respect to the base portion;
a second rotating portion concentric with the first rotating portion and configured to be rotatable with respect to the base portion, the first and second rotating portions occupying different planes along an axis perpendicular to the base portion;
an actuation portion surrounded by at least one of the first or second rotating portion; and
a control circuit configured to generate and transmit first control data for changing a first characteristic of the one or more electrical loads while the first rotating portion is being rotated by a user, the control circuit configured to generate and transmit second control data for changing a second characteristic of the one or more electrical loads while the second rotating portion is being rotated by the user, the control circuit further configured to generate and transmit third control data for turning the one or more electrical loads on and off in response to the actuation portion being pressed in towards the base portion.

US Pat. No. 10,375,802

BUILDING EQUIPMENT-BASED COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

1. A building equipment-based communication system having:at least one building equipment-based device comprising a light fixture with an operating device having a communication interface for an IP network connection serving as a master unit;
multiple slave units, each comprising a sensor and/or actuator, that are connected to the master unit, through an ad hoc network, wherein each slave unit is configured to communicate, directly, or indirectly by means of other slave units, with the master unit via the ad hoc network and at least one slave unit is configured to communicate indirectly by means of the other slave units with the master unit via the ad hoc network; and
wherein the master unit (10) is configured to transmit data received from at least one of the slave units to the IP network via said communication interface;
wherein the master unit stores a complete pathway to each slave unit connected to the master unit through the ad hoc network; and
further wherein a first slave unit is configured to establish an ad hoc, radio communication connection with the master unit and a second slave unit; where the first and second slave units and the master unit are configured to store information regarding the unit from which a message has been received and the unit to which the message has been sent; and each slave unit that has received the message from another slave unit is configured to forward this message, and to store information regarding the slave unit from which the message has been received and the slave unit to which the message has been forwarded.

US Pat. No. 10,375,801

NETWORK OF LIGHTS AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

SCHREDER, Brussels (BE)

1. A method of communication within a network of lights, the method including the steps of:providing a network of lights comprising a plurality of lights, each light having a control module associated therewith, each control module comprising:
a long-distance communication module,
a short-distance communication module,
a geocoordinate module,
a controller, each control module being configured for providing a control output for controlling a driver of the light,
providing at least one sensor on at least one control module, the at least one sensor being configured for producing sensor information,
providing at least one server reachable via the long-distance communication module,
dividing the control modules into several groups of control modules,
selecting one of the control modules of each group as a group controller, with which all other control modules of the group can communicate via their short-distance communication modules,
forming a short-distance network with the control modules within the group via their corresponding short-distance communication modules,
transmitting, during normal operation of the network, from the group controller to the server, at least one of its own environmental, light and control module specific information, and the corresponding information received from the other control modules via the short-distance communication module, and
transmitting data based on sensor information of relevance for multiple groups in at least one of the following ways:
via the long-distance network from a first group controller to a second group controller, by-passing the server with subsequent transmission of the data based on sensor information from the second group controller to a control module of the group associated with the second group controller,
via the short-distance network from a group controller to a control module of an adjacent group, and
via the short-distance network from a control module of a group to a control module of an adjacent group.

US Pat. No. 10,375,800

CONTROLLING A LIGHTING SYSTEM

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A method of controlling a lighting system, comprising at least two luminaires arranged to illuminate a physical space, to render a version of a selected scene image in the physical space, the method comprising the following steps:capturing with an imaging device at least one image of the physical space;
using the captured of said at least one image to determine, for each of the at least two luminaires, at least one location in the physical space associated with said each of the two luminaires;
receiving from a user the selected scene image to be rendered;
processing the selected scene image to select at least two colors in the selected scene image for rendering, and determine a location of each of the selected at least two colors within the selected scene image; and
comparing determined scene image locations with the determined luminaire locations so as to identify, for each of the determined scene image locations, a matching one of determined locations in the physical space, and controlling said each of the two luminaires associated with the at least one location in the physical space to emit illumination rendering a color at that scene image location, thereby causing the at least two luminaires to render the version of the selected scene image in the physical space.

US Pat. No. 10,375,799

LIGHTING COMMANDING METHOD AND AN ASSYMETRICAL GESTURE DECODING DEVICE TO COMMAND A LIGHTING APPARATUS

1. A gesture lighting source output command method for commanding a lighting apparatus by a motion of a heat emitting object inside the three-dimensional space of a gesture decoding environment, wherein the improvement comprises the lighting apparatus including a lighting source and an asymmetrical gesture decoding device, the asymmetrical gesture decoding device comprising a casing with an embedded electronic controller and a set of two dual PIR sensors, geometrically arranged in a plane with an angle ? with the vertical, dual PIR sensors that are rotated 2? degrees one relatively to the other, and fitted with specially designed ordinary Fresnel lenses, their beam axes forming an angle of 2? degrees between each other, the above mentioned three angles (?, 2?, 2?) establishing a main target area (MTA), a three-dimensional space of the gesture decoding environment being defined by a pyramid of base equal to the mentioned main target area (MTA) and vertex defined by the mentioned beam axes of the two mentioned dual PIR sensors, the motion of the heat emitting object being, although not restricted to, in geometrical planes parallel to the ground and inclined relatively to the asymmetrical gesture decoding device plane, and the such lighting source output command method including steps of:collecting the IR light emitted by a heat emitting object inside the three-dimensional gesture decoding environment, through the two dual PIR sensors set, through continuous scans as two-dimensional data sequence;
evaluating if the heat emitting object gestures were performed inside the mentioned main target area (MTA) by processing the outputs of the two mentioned dual PIR sensors, in the embedded electronic controller;
obtaining the two-dimensional data sequence for the heat emitting object motion, simultaneously, one data sequence from each dual PIR sensor;
decoding the motion of the heat emitting object by computing the two-dimensional data sequence;
determining whether the motion of the heat emitting object complies with a predetermined condition in the memory;
issuing a command signal if the motion does comply with one predetermined condition in memory;
outputting the command signal to the lighting source, and;
commanding the lighting source by changing at least one parameter of the lighting source output if the motion of the heat emitting object complies with a predetermined condition.

US Pat. No. 10,375,798

SELF-DETERMINING A CONFIGURATION OF A LIGHT FIXTURE

Enlighted, Inc., Sunnyva...

1. A method of determining a configuration of a lighting fixture, comprising:setting, by a controller of the lighting fixture, a lighting control level of a first channel control line of the lighting fixture to a plurality of levels, wherein the first channel control line is configured to control a light intensity emitted from a first light when the first channel control line is properly connected the first light, and wherein the second channel control line is connected to a second driver;
setting, by the controller of the lighting fixture, a lighting control level of a second channel control line of the lighting fixture to a plurality of levels, wherein the second channel control line is configured to control a light intensity emitted from a second light when the second channel control line is properly connected the second light, and wherein the first channel control line is connected to a first driver;
sensing an amount of power dissipated by the lighting fixture, for each of the plurality of levels of the lighting control level of the first channel control line and for each of the plurality of levels of the lighting control level of the second channel control line;
comparing to one another the sensed amount of power dissipated for each of the plurality of levels;
determining a configuration of the lighting fixture based upon the comparing of the sensed amount of power for each of the plurality of lighting control levels for the first channel and the second channel,
controlling opening and closing of a relay within the controller, wherein the relay is operative electrically connect electrical power to the first driver and the second driver;
sensing an amount of power dissipated by the lighting fixture when the relay is open and closed; and
determining whether the controller electrically connected properly based on a comparison of the sensed amount of power dissipated by the lighting fixture when the relay is open and closed.

US Pat. No. 10,375,797

LIGHTING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE LIGHTING DEVICE

1. A method for operating a lighting device, the method comprisingproviding a lighting device configured to illuminate a passenger compartment of a motor vehicle comprising a first number of light-emitting elements, a second number of control elements for switching the light-emitting elements on or off and for controlling the brightness of the light-emitting elements, and a microcontroller comprising a detection unit, an interpretation unit, and a drive unit, wherein the second number of control elements is equal to the first number of light-emitting elements, wherein each light-emitting element of the first number light-emitting elements is paired with only one control element of the second number of control elements, wherein each of the control elements is directly adjacent to a corresponding light emitting element;
moving of at least one hand of a user over two or more control elements,
receiving at the detection unit a signal from the control elements, processing the signal at the interpretation unit to identify human hand gestures and generate drive commands, and driving the illumination of the light-emitting elements with the drive unit utilizing the drive commands,
wherein
(i) with a fast movement of the hand from a first light-emitting element over an adjacent second light-emitting element to a further adjacent third light-emitting element, the first light-emitting element darkens or is extinguished and the second light-emitting element brightens or lights up and subsequently the second light-emitting element darkens or is extinguished and the third light-emitting element brightens or lights up, wherein the fast movement is a movement of about 10 to 20 cm within 0.5 seconds, and
(ii) with a regular movement of the hand from a first light-emitting element over an adjacent second light-emitting element to a further adjacent third light-emitting element, the first light-emitting element remains in its current state and the second light-emitting element brightens or lights up, and subsequently the third-light emitting element lights up, wherein the regular movement is a movement slower than the fast movement.

US Pat. No. 10,375,796

WAVEFORM SHAPING CIRCUIT FOR SPURIOUS HARMONIC SUPPRESSION

CURRENT LIGHTING SOLUTION...

1. A waveform shaping circuit for a lighting system that includes a lighting control unit and at least one luminaire, and a data concentrator unit (DCU) in wireless communication with the lighting control unit,the waveform shaping circuit external to the lighting control unit and in serial electrical communication with input terminals of the lighting control unit;
the waveform shaping circuit comprising:
a line voltage input connectable to a line voltage power source;
a line voltage output, the line voltage output connectable to an input voltage port of the lighting control unit;
a neutral line input connectable to a neutral line of the line voltage power source;
the waveform shaping circuit including an impedance matching network configured to alter an input impedance of the lighting control circuit; and
the waveform shaping circuit including a capacitive element connected from the neutral line to a protected earth ground, the capacitive element configured to bypass spurious harmonics generated by operation of the lighting control unit.

US Pat. No. 10,375,795

POWERING AN AUXILIARY CIRCUIT ASSOCIATED WITH A LUMINAIRE

ABL IP Holding LLC, Atla...

9. An auxiliary power system, comprising:an input configured to receive an output voltage from a first output of an LED driver;
a voltage converter configured to convert the output voltage from the LED driver to an auxiliary voltage, wherein the auxiliary voltage is independent of the output voltage received from the LED driver; and
an output configured to provide the auxiliary voltage to an auxiliary device,
wherein the auxiliary power system is configured for connection between the first output of the LED driver and a second output of the LED driver in parallel with an LED lighting element powered by the LED driver.

US Pat. No. 10,375,794

DEVICES HAVING CALIBRATED LEDS

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs);
one or more processors; and
memory storing a plurality of color correction matrices, each color correction matrix of the plurality of color correction matrices:
corresponding to an LED of the plurality of LEDs,
generated based on a desired color value for the corresponding LED, and
scaled to prevent overrange of color values for the corresponding LED;
wherein the memory includes instructions for operating the plurality of LEDs in accordance with the stored plurality of color correction matrices.

US Pat. No. 10,375,793

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING POWER AND DATA TO DEVICES

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A controller configured to power and to control a behavior of a system of devices, each of the devices serially addressable over a two-wire communication network, the controller comprising:a user interface configured to accept user input and to output information responsive to the user input;
a processor communicating with the user interface and configured to receive the information and to output a control signal corresponding to command and address data that is responsive to the information, the control signal having first and second states;
a core and coil transformer configured to transform a primary AC signal to a secondary sinusoidal power signal;
a rectifier/bridge circuit communicating with the core and coil transformer and configured to connect one of a first end tap and a second end tap of the core and coil transformer to the two-wire communication network to output a data encoded power signal to the two-wire communication network to control a behavior of at least one device of the system of devices, the rectifier/bridge circuit comprising a plurality of series-connected pairs of transistors with integral body diodes, gates of the transistors in communication with the control signal from the processor, at least one series-connected pair of transistors enabled when the control signal is in the first state and at least one of the other series-connected pairs of transistors enabled when the control signal is in the second state, the rectifier/bridge circuit outputting the secondary sinusoidal power signal with a higher polarity when the control signal is in the first state and outputting the secondary sinusoidal power signal with a lower polarity when the control signal is in the second state to form the data encoded power signal as a sinusoidal waveform between zero crossings.

US Pat. No. 10,375,792

LUMINAIRE AND LIGHTING CONTROL METHOD

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A luminaire, comprising:a light source configured to emit light in a plurality of different colors;
a controller that controls the color of the light emitted by the light source;
a plurality of buttons including buttons that correspond one-to-one with the plurality of different colors and are operated by a user to cause the light source to emit light that changes over time; and
a storage,
wherein the controller:
generates and stores in the storage, each time a button among the plurality of buttons corresponding to the plurality of different colors is operated, a control parameter that associates the color corresponding to the button operated with a sequence value indicating a sequential order in which the button is selected; and
changes the color of the light emitted by the light source over time, in accordance with the colors and the sequential order indicated in the control parameter that is stored in the storage,
wherein, the controller updates the control parameter stored in the storage to reflect the control parameter generated each time a button among the plurality of buttons corresponding to the plurality of different colors is operated.

US Pat. No. 10,375,791

LIGHTING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF INSTALLING

SYSTEM LIGHTING SOLUTIONS...

1. A lighting system, comprising:a first elongate channel configured for mounting to a structure, the first elongate channel having inwardly extending sides;
a second elongate channel configured for being removably coupled to the first elongate channel and forming a substantially enclosed elongate space between the first and second elongate channels, the second elongate channel having inwardly extending sides for mating with the inwardly extending sides of the first channel and having a plurality of evenly spaced holes therein and forming a light retaining channel proximate a top surface of the first elongate channel;
a plurality of LED light assemblies, each having a water-tight housing containing at least one RGB LED coupled to the second elongate channel with a lens attached to each of the LED light assemblies, the lens having a translucent domed portion to disperse light from the at least one RGB LED, each of the translucent domed portions exposed through one of the plurality of evenly spaced holes in the second elongate channel;
a plurality of segments of wire, the plurality of segments of wire electrically connecting adjacent LED light assemblies of the plurality of light assemblies and a first of the plurality of segments configured for connection to a controller; and
a controller electrically connected to a first segment of the plurality of segments of wire to communicate with each of the plurality of integrated circuits of the plurality of LED light assemblies and to provide power to each of the plurality of light assemblies and having a plurality of programmable functions, each function providing at least one of a desired light color for each of the plurality of led lights, duration of illumination and timing of illumination.

US Pat. No. 10,375,790

LIGHTED CONTROL PANEL AND ILLUMINATED DISPLAY WITH EMBEDDED LIGHTING CONTROL

Spectralux Corporation, ...

1. A control panel comprising:a front face;
a light source positioned behind the front face;
a controller configured to generate a control signal and send the control signal to the light source, the control signal instructing the light source when to generate light and when not to generate light;
a keyboard comprising a key extending through the front face;
a light conductor positioned behind the front face and configured to conduct light generated by the light source to the key, the light generated by the light source and conducted by the light conductor illuminating the key, the light conductor being configured to receive ambient light through the key when the light source is not generating light; and
a light sensor positioned behind the front face, the light sensor being configured to receive the ambient light from the light conductor, generate a sensor signal based on the received ambient light, and send the sensor signal to the controller, the controller being configured to determine a brightness level based at least in part on the sensor signal and encode the brightness level in the control signal, brightness of the light generated by the light source being based at least in part on the brightness level encoded in the control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,375,789

DIRECTIONAL LIGHTING SYSTEM AND METHOD

LIFI Labs, Inc., San Fra...

1. A method for controlling lightbulb operation, comprising:determining a lightbulb orientation for the lightbulb within a venue, the lightbulb comprising a plurality of light emitting elements, each with a predetermined spatial position on the lightbulb;
determining a spatial lighting pattern for the venue, the spatial lighting pattern comprising a set of light parameters for a target location within the venue;
identifying a light emitting element from the plurality of light emitting elements based on the lightbulb orientation, the predetermined spatial positions, and the target location; and
selectively operating the identified light emitting element, based on the set of light parameters, using a processor of the lightbulb.

US Pat. No. 10,375,788

DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR MAINTAINING LIGHT INTENSITY IN A GATEWAY BASED LIGHTING SYSTEM

Gooee Limited, St Albans...

1. A system for maintaining a lumen level in a luminaire, comprising:a gateway configured to control at least one of a dimming level and a dimming control protocol of a luminaire;
a sensor subsystem in data communication with the gateway and configured to measure a lumen level of the luminaire;
a power meter in data communication with the gateway and configured to measure power consumption of the luminaire;
a server in data communication with at least one of the gateway and the sensor subsystem; and,
a luminaire database in data communication with the server, wherein the luminaire database is configured to collect information related to the luminaire including at least one of the specific type of luminaire, fitting, dimming components, and test data, sensor reading ranges, dimming level, lumen level, and power consumption from the server, sensor subsystem, gateway, and power meter, and
the server is configured to generate a luminaire degradation profile based on the information in the luminaire database, update a luminaire degradation profile based on the information in the luminaire database, or generate and update a luminaire degradation profile based on the information in the luminaire database.

US Pat. No. 10,375,787

LED LIGHTING SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONSTANT CURRENT CONTROL IN VARIOUS OPERATION MODES

On-Bright Electronics (Sh...

1. A system for providing at least an output current to one or more light emitting diodes, the system comprising:a first sampling-and-holding and voltage-to-current-conversion component configured to receive at least a sensed signal and generate a first current signal, the sensed signal being associated with an inductor current flowing through an inductor coupled to a first switch;
a second sampling-and-holding and voltage-to-current-conversion component configured to receive at least the sensed signal and generate a second current signal;
a signal-amplification and voltage-to-current-conversion component configured to receive at least the sensed signal and generate a third current signal;
a current-signal generator configured to generate a fourth current signal;
a capacitor coupled to the current-signal generator, coupled through a second switch to the first sampling-and-holding and voltage-to-current-conversion component and the second sampling-and-holding and voltage-to-current-conversion component, and coupled through a third switch to the signal-amplification and voltage-to-current-conversion component, the capacitor being configured to generate a voltage signal;
a comparator configured to process information associated with the voltage signal and the sensed signal and generate a comparison signal based on at least information associated with the voltage signal and the sensed signal;
a modulation-signal generator configured to receive at least the comparison signal and generate a modulation signal; and
a gate driver configured to receive the modulation signal and output a drive signal to the first switch;
wherein:
the drive signal is associated with at least one or more switching periods, each of the one or more switching periods including at least an on-time period for the first switch and a demagnetization period for a demagnetization process;
the first current signal represents the inductor current at a beginning of the on-time period;
the second current signal represents the inductor current at an end of the on-time period; and
the third current signal represents the inductor current;
wherein for each of the one or more switching periods,
the first current signal and the second current signal are configured to discharge or charge the capacitor during only the demagnetization period;
the third current signal is configured to discharge or charge the capacitor during only the on-time period; and
the fourth current signal is configured to charge or discharge the capacitor during the switching period.

US Pat. No. 10,375,786

WHITE LIGHT SOURCE SYSTEM

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A white light source configured to be capable of reproducing white light of a color temperature of 2000 K to 6500 K on a locus of blackbody radiation, and white light of any one of correlated color temperatures with a deviation from the color temperature of the white light being in a range of ±0.005 duv,wherein P(?), B(?) and V(?) satisfy an equation (1) below in a wavelength range in which ? is 380 nm to 780 nm, and the white light source satisfies an expression (2) below in a wavelength range of 400 nm to 495 nm:

where P(?) is a light emission spectrum of the white light emitted from the white light source, B(?) is a light emission spectrum of blackbody radiation of a color temperature correspond to a color temperature of the white light, and V(?) is a spectrum of a spectral luminous efficiency, and
wherein an average color rendering index Ra of the white light emitted from the white light source is 97 or more, and all of color rendering indexes R1 to R8 and special color rendering indexes R9 to R15 are 90 or more.

US Pat. No. 10,375,785

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR STAGE-BASED CONTROL RELATED TO TRIAC DIMMERS

On-Bright Electronics (Sh...

1. A system controller for a lighting system, the system controller comprising:a first controller terminal configured to receive a first signal, the first signal being related to a dimming-control phase angle;
a second controller terminal coupled to a first transistor terminal of a transistor, the transistor further including a second transistor terminal and a third transistor terminal, the second transistor terminal being coupled to a winding;
a third controller terminal coupled to the third transistor terminal of the transistor; and
a fourth controller terminal coupled to a resistor and configured to receive a second signal, the second signal representing a magnitude of a current flowing through at least the winding, the third controller terminal, the fourth controller terminal, and the resistor;
wherein the system controller is configured to, in response to the first signal satisfying one or more predetermined conditions:
cause the second signal to ramp up and down during a first duration of time, the first duration of time starting at a first time and ending at a second time, the second time being the same as or later than the first time; and
cause the second signal to ramp up and down during a second duration of time, the second duration of time starting at a third time and ending at a fourth time, the fourth time being the same as or later than the third time;
wherein the system controller is further configured to:
in response to the dimming-control phase angle increasing from a first angle magnitude to a second angle magnitude, keep the first duration of time at a first predetermined constant;
in response to the dimming-control phase angle increasing from the second angle magnitude to a third angle magnitude, increase the first duration of time; and
in response to the dimming-control phase angle increasing from the third angle magnitude to a fourth angle magnitude, keep the first duration of time at a second predetermined constant.

US Pat. No. 10,375,784

CURRENT CORRECTION TECHNIQUES FOR ACCURATE HIGH CURRENT SHORT CHANNEL DRIVER

Littelfuse, Inc., Chicag...

1. An apparatus comprising:a battery, comprising a positive terminal and a negative terminal;
a supply node, coupled to the positive terminal;
a ground node, coupled to the negative terminal;
a controller integrated circuit, comprising a first supply terminal, a first control terminal, and a first ground terminal, wherein the first supply terminal is coupled to the supply node, the first ground terminal is coupled to the ground node; and
a current driver integrated circuit, comprising a second supply terminal, a second control terminal, a drive terminal, and a second ground terminal, wherein the second supply terminal is coupled to the supply node, the second ground terminal is coupled to the ground node, and the second control terminal is coupled to the first control terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,375,783

LIGHTING CIRCUIT AND VEHICULAR LAMP

Koito Manufacturing Co., ...

1. A lighting circuit comprising:a first light source;
a second light source connected in series with the first light source to form a serially-connected circuit;
a bypass switch provided in parallel with the second light source;
a constant current circuit connected in parallel with only one of the first light source or the second light source at a time and configured to generate a constant current; and
a drive circuit configured to supply a drive current to the serially-connected circuit including the first light source and the second light source,
wherein the drive circuit is only directly connected to an input of the first light source of the serially-connected circuit including the first light source and the second light source.

US Pat. No. 10,375,782

LED ARRANGEMENT AND LED DRIVING METHOD

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A LED arrangement with a light output surface comprising an area of LED chips and an area between the LED chips, the LED arrangement comprising:a rectifier for rectifying a mains input;
a first group of LEDs distributed on the light output surface; and
a second group of LEDs distributed on the light output surface and in series with said first group of LEDs,
wherein said first group of LEDs is adapted to be kept turned on and the second group of LEDs is adapted to be bypassed when the rectified mains input is below a first threshold, and said first group of LEDs and the second group of LEDs are adapted to be kept turned on when the rectified mains input is above the first threshold such that the second group of LEDs are turned on for a second duration less than a first duration for turning on the first group of LEDs in each cycle of the rectified mains input and
a total light output density for the LEDs of the second group per unit area of the light output surface is greater than a total light output density for the LEDs of the first group per unit area of the light output surface, wherein a ratio of an area of LED chips of the second group of LEDs to a second area of the light output surface throughout which the second group of LEDs are distributed, is larger than a ratio of an area of LED chips of the first group of LEDs to a first area of the light output surface throughout which by the first group of LEDs are distributed,
wherein the total light output density for the LEDs of the first group per unit area of the light output surface and the total light output density for the LEDs of the second group per unit area of the light output surface are selected such that a total light output amount for the LEDs of the second group per unit area and per unit time is substantially equal to a total light output amount for the LEDs of the first group per unit area and per unit time.

US Pat. No. 10,375,781

LOAD CONTROL DEVICE FOR A LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE LIGHT SOURCE

Lutron Technology Company...

1. A circuit for controlling an intensity of a LED light source, the circuit comprising:an LED drive circuit configured to control a magnitude of a load current conducted through the LED light source to control the intensity of the LED light source;
a current sense circuit configured to provide a load current feedback signal that indicates the magnitude of the load current; and
a control circuit configured to generate at least one drive signal for controlling the LED drive circuit to adjust the intensity of the LED light source towards a target intensity;
wherein, when the target intensity is greater than a transition intensity, the control circuit is configured to adjust a value of an operational characteristic of the at least one drive signal in response to the load current feedback signal in order to regulate an average magnitude of the load current towards a target current that ranges from a maximum rated current to a minimum rated current; and
wherein, when the target intensity is less than the transition intensity, the control circuit is configured to control the average magnitude of the load current below the minimum rated current by:
operating in a first state and a second state on a periodic basis;
controlling the LED drive circuit in the first state during a first time period in which the control circuit adjusts the value of the operational characteristic of the at least one drive signal to regulate a peak magnitude of the load current towards approximately the minimum rated current in response to the load current feedback signal; and
controlling the LED drive circuit in the second state during a second time period in which the control circuit maintains the operational characteristic of the at least one drive signal approximately constant.

US Pat. No. 10,375,780

CONTROLLING OUTPUT VOLTAGE TO ACHIEVE ULTRA-LOW STANDBY POWER IN DIM-TO-OFF LED APPLICATIONS

DIALOG SEMICONDUCTOR (UK)...

1. A flyback converter for powering an LED, comprising:a power switch transistor coupled to a primary winding of a transformer;
a controller configured to control a switching of the power switch transistor to regulate a an output power to the LED during a lighting mode in which an output voltage to the LED is greater than an LED threshold voltage, and wherein the controller is further configured to regulate a light-off output voltage to the LED during a light-off state in which the output voltage to the LED is less than the LED threshold voltage, the controller including a controller power supply voltage input node for a controller power supply voltage coupled to an auxiliary winding of the transformer through a diode; and
a power supply transistor coupled between the power supply voltage input node and an input voltage bus coupled to the primary winding;
wherein the controller is configured to cycle the power supply transistor during a transition period to the light-off state to maintain the controller power supply voltage above an undervoltage-lockout (UVLO) voltage for the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,375,779

LIGHTING APPARATUS

LUMENS CO., LTD., Yongin...

1. A lighting apparatus comprising:a power supply unit generating alternating current (AC) power;
a light emitting unit connected in series with the power supply unit and including a first light emitting unit and a second light emitting unit that each have at least one light emitting diode element;
a voltage detecting unit connected in series with the power supply unit and measuring a voltage value input from the power supply unit; and
a reference voltage controlling unit selectively controlling a first distribution switch unit and a second distribution switch unit which are separately connected to the first light emitting unit and the second light emitting unit, according to the voltage value measured by the voltage detecting unit,
wherein the reference voltage controlling unit supplies a first distribution switch reference voltage to the first distribution switch unit and the second distribution switch unit when the voltage value measured by the voltage detecting unit is smaller than a switching control reference voltage,
wherein the reference voltage controlling unit supplies a first distribution switch reference voltage to the first distribution switch unit, and supplies a second distribution switch reference voltage having a value greater than the first distribution switch reference voltage to the second distribution switch unit, when the voltage value measured by the voltage detecting unit is greater than a switching control reference voltage, and
wherein the first light emitting unit includes one or more backdraft prevention units connected in series with a rear stage of the light emitting diode element.

US Pat. No. 10,375,778

SINGLE-SEGMENT LINEAR CONSTANT-POWER LED DRIVING CIRCUIT AND METHOD

CHINA RESOURCES POWTECH (...

1. A single-segment linear constant-power LED driving circuit, characterized in that the single-segment linear constant-power LED driving circuit at least comprises:a voltage input module, an LED load, a power switch tube, a sampling resistor, a current control module, a comparison module and an over-voltage control module; wherein
the voltage input module is configured to provide an input voltage;
the LED load is connected to an output terminal of the voltage input module and is powered by the voltage input module;
a drain terminal of the power switch tube is connected to an output terminal of the LED load, and the control of constant current of the LED load is realized by turning on and turning off the power switch tube;
one terminal of the sampling resistor is connected to a source terminal of the power switch tube, and another terminal of the sampling resistor is grounded for sampling and converting the current flowing through the power switch tube into a sampling voltage;
the over-voltage control module is connected to the drain terminal of the power switch tube so as to detect a drain terminal voltage of the power switch tube, and when the voltage at the drain terminal of the power switch tube is greater than a set high voltage, the over-voltage control module outputs a turn-off signal to turn off the current flowing through the LED load;
the current control module is connected to a compensation capacitor, and another terminal of the compensation capacitor is grounded; the current control module receives the sampling voltage and integrates the compensation capacitor to generate a control signal to limit the peak current flowing through the power switch tube, thereby achieving a constant current average value in different input voltage periods; meanwhile, the turn-off signal is received to turn off the current flowing through the LED load when the turn-off signal is enabled, thereby reducing power consumption;
the comparison module is connected to the sampling resistor and the current control module, and compares the sampling voltage with the control signal to generate a switching signal of the power switch tube so as to realize the control of constant current of the LED load.

US Pat. No. 10,375,777

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DRIVER FOR LOAD AND SUPPLY CHANGES

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A system comprising:a power module configured to generate a supply power;
a load module configured to select a subset of light emitting diodes (LEDs) from a set of LEDs;
a series module configured to receive the supply power from the power module, dissipate a portion of the supply power, and output, to the subset of LEDs, a remaining portion of the supply power as a load power; and
a control module configured to drive the series module to limit an amount of power at the subset of LEDs,
wherein, to drive the series module, the control module is configured to output, to the series module, an indication of a power threshold or control signal, andwherein, to dissipate the portion of the supply power, the series module is configured to modify, based on the indication of the power threshold or control signal, a resistance of a switching element of the series module such that the resistance of the switching element dissipates the portion of the supply power and directly outputs the remaining portion of the supply power to the subset of LEDs as the load power, wherein the load power directly output by the resistance of the switching element to the subset of LEDs activates the subset of LEDs such that the subset of LEDs emit light using the load power directly output by the resistance of the switching element.

US Pat. No. 10,375,776

MODULATED QUASI-RESONANT PEAK-CURRENT-MODE CONTROL

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. Driver circuitry configured to generate a control signal for a switching device that controls supply of load current to a load, the driver circuitry comprising:zero crossing detection circuitry configured to generate a valley detection signal when the load current crosses zero;
current control circuitry configured to generate a current signal indicative of whether the load current has reached a reference current;
modulation circuitry configured to generate a modulation signal having an ON-time that is based at least on a desired amount of current to be supplied to the load;
signal generation circuitry configured to generate the control signal including a pulse that causes the switching device to operate an ON state in which current is supplied to the load by:
generating a rising edge of the pulse when i) the modulation signal is high and ii) a valley detection signal is received; and
generating a falling edge of the pulse when the current signal indicates that the load current has reached the reference current.

US Pat. No. 10,375,775

CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR LINEAR CONSTANT CURRENT CONTROL AND LED DEVICE

SHENZHEN SUNMOON MICROELE...

1. A circuit for linear constant current control for an LED lamp, the circuit comprising:a linear network compensator configured for power compensation for an input linear power network;
a triac dimmer detector configured to detect whether a silicon controlled rectifier dimmer is connected in;
a reference subcircuit in connection with the linear network compensator and configured to generate a reference voltage value;
an over-temperature protector in connection with the reference subcircuit and configured to reduce the reference voltage value when it is detected that a temperature reaches a preset value;
a bleeder in connection with the triac dimmer detector and the reference subcircuit and configured to perform constant current bleed-off on the current passing therethrough when the triac dimmer is connected in; and
a constant-current driver in connection with the reference subcircuit and configured to regulate the current passing therethorugh to realize constant current output.

US Pat. No. 10,375,774

INTEGRATED DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DRIVING LIGHTING LOADS WITH A BRIGHTNESS COMPENSATION

STMicroelectronics S.r.l....

1. An integrated device for driving a lighting load, the integrated device comprising:a first memory element configured to store a nominal duty-cycle at a nominal supply voltage;
an actual voltage acquisition element configured to detect an actual supply voltage;
a processing unit coupled to the first memory element and to the actual voltage acquisition element, the processing unit configured to calculate a voltage compensated duty-cycle;
a driver unit coupled to the processing unit and configured to be supplied according to the voltage compensated duty-cycle;
a second memory element coupled to the processing unit and configured to store the voltage compensated duty-cycle; and
a third memory element coupled to the processing unit, the third memory element configured to store a load characteristic value;
wherein the processing unit is configured to calculate a voltage compensated duty-cycle DCC according to equation:

wherein DCN is the nominal duty-cycle, VTH is the nominal supply voltage, VLED is the load characteristic value, and VB is the actual supply voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,375,773

MICROWAVE HEATING APPARATUS

SHOWA DENKO K.K., Minato...

1. A microwave heating apparatus provided with:a rectangular waveguide which is provided on one side, in the microwave travelling direction, with an iris unit, and on the other side with a movable short circuit unit;
a microwave supplying device which supplies a microwave so that the direction of the electrical flux line of the microwave is in parallel with a surface of a substrate, or the angle between the direction of the electrical flux line of the microwave and the surface of the substrate is maintained within 30 degrees, the substrate having thereon a pattern containing a conductor, a metal oxide, or a semiconductor, the substrate being arranged in the waveguide; and
a control device which controls a pulse width of the microwave supplying device so that pulsed microwaves are supplied to the surface having the pattern thereon.

US Pat. No. 10,375,772

MODAL ANALYSIS

GOJI LIMITED, Hamilton (...

1. An apparatus for applying electromagnetic energy at a frequency or frequencies in a frequency range of 1 MHz to 100 GHz to an object in a cavity via at least one radiating element, the apparatus comprising:a source of electromagnetic energy configured to generate plural field patterns that depend on available sets of values of field-affecting parameters, the parameters comprising at least one of frequency, phase, and amplitude;
at least one radiating element coupled to the source and applying electromagnetic energy to the object in the cavity; and
at least one processor configured to:
select one or more of the plural field patterns;
retrieve stored target energy distribution data;
determine which sets of values of field-affecting parameters to use based on the retrieved target energy distribution data; and
control the source to excite a respective field pattern for each determined set of values,
wherein at least two of the plural field patterns have different energy distribution patterns with respect to the object.

US Pat. No. 10,375,771

MICROWAVE HOUSEHOLD OR COMMERCIAL APPLIANCE

Electrolux Professional S...

1. A household or commercial appliance (1, 101) comprising:a heating chamber (7) designed to accommodate a product to be heated,
at least a couple of magnetrons (8a)(8b) having relative anodes (TA1)(TA2) and cathodes (TC1)(TC2) and being configured to generate and irradiate electromagnetic radiation in the heating chamber (7),
at least a power unit (5, 40, 140) comprising at least a high voltage circuit (9) configured to power-on said magnetrons (8a)(8b),whereinsaid high voltage circuit (9) comprises:
a high voltage transformer (13) comprising a primary winding (13a) connected to an alternating voltage source (17) and at least a secondary high-voltage winding (13b) providing an alternating high voltage (V2) having a period (W) comprising two half periods (W1)(W2),
at least a couple of half-wave voltage doubler circuits (15)(16) which are configured to cooperate with said secondary high-voltage winding (13b) in order to provide a doubled high-voltage (DVH),
at least a first and second unidirectional conducting devices (31)(32) which are connected respectively between said half-wave voltage doubler circuits (15)(16) and a reference terminal (30)(33) having a predetermined potential (GND), said first and second unidirectional conducting devices (31)(32) being configured to cause said half-wave voltage doubler circuits (15)(16) to supply, during at least a period (W) of said alternating high-voltage (V2), said doubled high-voltage (DVH) to the cathode (TC1)(TC2) of the respective magnetron (8a)(8b) alternately, one of said half-wave voltage doubler circuits (15) supplying said doubled high-voltage (DVH) during one of said half periods (W1) of said alternating high-voltage (V2), and the other half-wave voltage doubler circuit (16) supplying said doubled high-voltage (DVH) during the other half-period (W2) of said alternating voltage (V2).

US Pat. No. 10,375,770

ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION HEATING APPARATUS AND LIGHT ALLOY WHEEL MANUFACTURING METHOD

TSK CORPORATION, Shizuok...

1. An electromagnetic induction heating apparatus comprising:a rotating body with a plurality of magnets arranged such that the same pole is positioned on a side of an object to be heated;
a rotation driving means for rotating the rotating body;
a temperature sensor for measuring a temperature of the object to be heated; and
a moving means for moving at least one of the rotating body and the object to be heated to change a distance between the rotating body and the object to be heated, wherein
the rotating body is arranged with the plurality of magnets, wherein
the object to be heated is a half-finished light alloy wheel, wherein
the temperature sensor measures first temperature of the half-finished light alloy wheel on a side of the rotating body and second temperature of the half-finished light alloy on an opposite side of the rotating body, wherein
the moving means changes the distance based on the first temperature and the second temperature, wherein
the rotation driving means changes a rotation speed of the rotating body based on the first temperature and the second temperature, and wherein
the object to be heated is heated by an induced current generated when the rotating body is rotated.

US Pat. No. 10,375,769

HIGH-SPEED LOCOMOTIVE WINDSHIELD AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREFOR

CHINA BUILDING MATERIALS ...

1. A windshield for a high-speed locomotive, comprisingan anti-reflection film layer having a thickness of 100 nm-500 nm;
a first chemical tempering glass layer, coated with the anti-reflection film layer on a first side thereof;
at least two second chemical tempering glass layers located on a second side of the first chemical tempering glass layer, wherein one of the at least two second chemical tempering glass layer is bonded together with the first chemical tempering glass layer via a first adhesive film layer, and the at least two second chemical tempering glass layers are also bonded together via a second adhesive film layer, wherein the second adhesive film layer is a polyurethane film and has a thickness of 1.5 mm-4 mm;
an anti-splash film layer, located on an outer side of an outermost second chemical tempering glass layer and bonded together with the outermost second chemical tempering glass layer via a third adhesive film layer wherein the anti-splash film layer has a thickness of 0.5 mm-1.5 mm; and
a first electric heating element, disposed inside the first adhesive film layer in contact with the first chemical tempering glass layer,
wherein the first electric heating element comprises:
at least one electric heating wire, disposed inside the first adhesive film layer in contact with the first chemical tempering glass layer;
an input busbar, electrically connected with a first end of each of the electric heating wires;
an output busbar, electrically connected with a second end of each of the electric heating wires;
an input wire, electrically connected with the input busbar and extended out of the windshield; and
an output wire, electrically connected with the output busbar and extended out of the windshield,
wherein each of the first chemical tempering glass layer and the at least two second chemical tempering glass layers has a surface stress of 700 Mpa-900 Mpa,
wherein the first chemical tempering glass layer has a thickness of 8 mm-10 mm, and
wherein each of the at least two second chemical tempering glass layers has a thickness of 4 mm-6 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,375,768

APPARATUS AND ASSEMBLY FOR HEATING PIPES

Heat-Line Corporation, A...

1. A heating assembly for insertion in to a conduit of a water system consisting of a heating element, a protective pipe encasing at least part of said heating element, said protective pipe closed at one end and attached at the opposite end to a retainer dimensioned to be connected to a fitting of a water system, said protective pipe defining a chamber to contain said heating element and separate said heating element from said conduit, a bore extending through said retainer to receive slidably said protective pipe and permit longitudinal adjustment of said protective pipe relative to said retainer and thereby vary the length of protective pipe inserted in to said conduit, and a compressive clamp applying a radial force between said retainer and said protective pipe to cause said retainer to engage said protective pipe and inhibit relative movement between said protective pipe and said retainer and seal said protective pipe to said fitting, said heating element passing through said bore so as to be removable from within the protective pipe whilst maintaining the integrity of said conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,375,767

HEATER CABLE HAVING A TAPERED PROFILE

nVent Services GmbH, Sch...

1. A self-regulating heater cable comprising:a heating element including a first bus wire and a second bus wire both encapsulated, in a cross-sectional profile of the heater cable, by a monolithic positive temperature coefficient (PTC) core having a connecting portion that extends between and spaces apart the first and second bus wires, the connecting portion having a first thickness at each of a first end of the connecting portion approximate the first bus wire and a second end of the connecting portion approximate the second bus wire, and the connecting portion further having a second thickness at a center of the connecting portion, the second thickness being greater than the first thickness at a ratio of at least 1.5.

US Pat. No. 10,375,766

HEATABLE LAMINATED SIDE PANE

SAINT-GOBAIN GLASS FRANCE...

1. A heatable laminated side pane for an openable side window of a motor vehicle, said heatable laminated side pane comprising:an upper edge, a lower edge, a front edge, and a rear edge,
an outer pane and an inner pane, said outer pane and said inner pane bonded to one another via a thermoplastic intermediate layer, and
at least one heating wire embedded in the intermediate layer, said heating wire electrically connected to a first busbar and a second busbar,
wherein:
the first busbar and the second busbar are arranged along a same edge of the front edge and the rear edge,
the first busbar is arranged on a surface of the intermediate layer and the second busbar is arranged overlappingly on an opposite surface of the intermediate layer,
a maximum distance of the first busbar or the second busbar from a respective front edge or rear edge is less than 3 cm, and
a minimum distance of the first busbar or the second busbar from said respective front edge or rear edge is greater than 3 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,375,765

3-DIMENSIONAL PRINTED LOAD CELL PARTS

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A 3-dimensional printed load cell part, comprising:a part body formed of fused thermoplastic polymer particles; and
a plurality of strain sensors separately formed of a matrix of fused conductive particles interlocked with a matrix of fused thermoplastic polymer particles, the plurality of strain sensors each having a first electrical contact at a first end and a second electrical contact at a second end,
wherein the particles of the plurality of strain sensors are continuously fused to the particles of the part body.

US Pat. No. 10,375,764

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR VEHICLE LOAD CURRENT DETECTION AND CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a power source;
an electrical sensor configured to detect a total current provided by the power source to a plurality of electrical loads; and
a processor configured to:
determine a target load temperature of a target load based on the total current; and
set a voltage duty cycle of the target load to maintain the target load temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,375,763

TEMPERATURE CONTROL APPARATUS, TEMPERATURE CONTROL METHOD AND RECORDING MEDIUM

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A temperature control apparatus of controlling a temperature of a processing target object, the temperature control apparatus comprising:a first temperature measurement unit configured to measure a temperature distribution over an entire top surface of the processing target object;
a second temperature measurement unit configured to measure, for each of preset divided areas into which the entire top surface of the processing target object is divided, an initial temperature of a portion in the each of preset divided areas;
a median value calculating unit configured to calculate, for each divided area, a median value of a temperature distribution of the each divided area, based on the temperature distribution over the entire top surface of the processing target object measured by the first temperature measurement unit;
an offset calculating unit configured to calculate, for each divided area, an offset value by calculating a difference between the calculated median value, and the initial temperature of the top surface of the processing target object in the portion; and
a temperature control unit configured to control, for each divided area, a temperature of the each divided area such that a median value for controlled temperature becomes equal to a set temperature for processing of the processing target object, wherein the median value for controlled temperature is obtained based on the calculated offset value and the temperature of the each divided area measured by the second temperature measurement unit.

US Pat. No. 10,375,762

AUTOMATIC ACCESS POINT DEPLOYMENT METHOD AND DEVICE THEREOF

U-MEDIA Communications, I...

1. A method for automatically deploying a plurality of wireless APs according to different position coordinates within an indoor environment by using a device for automatically deploying access point, comprising:step 1: building a coordinate map of the indoor environment, wherein the coordinate map includes a plurality of rows and columns, and a plurality of position coordinates are defined by the rows and columns by a processor of the device of automatically deploying access point;
step 2: a number of the wireless APs by the processor of the device of automatically deploying access point, the wireless APs include at least one Wi-Fi AP and at least one Bluetooth AP, the Wi-Fi AP and the Bluetooth AP respectively correspond to a plurality of Wi-Fi AP deployment plans and a plurality of Bluetooth AP deployment plans, and each of the Wi-Fi AP deployment plans and the Bluetooth AP deployment plans has a plurality of deployment position values, the deployment position values of each Wi-Fi AP deployment plan indicate position coordinates of the Wi-Fi AP within the indoor environment, and the deployment position values of each Bluetooth AP deployment plan indicate position coordinates of the Bluetooth AP within the indoor environment;
step 3: calculating a fitness value for each Wi-Fi AP deployment plan and a fitness value for each Bluetooth AP deployment plan according to the request information by the processor of the device of automatically deploying access point;
step 4: calculating an overall fitness value according to the fitness values of the Wi-Fi AP deployment plan and the Bluetooth AP deployment plan, and determining whether the overall fitness value satisfies a convergence condition by the processor of the device of automatically deploying access point;
step 5: when the overall fitness value does not satisfy the convergence condition, determining a number of the Wi-Fi AP deployment plans of which the deployment position values have to be exchanged and a number of the Bluetooth AP deployment plans of which the deployment position values have to be exchanged, and accordingly exchanging parts of deployment position values of the Wi-Fi AP deployment plans and exchanging parts of deployment position values of the Bluetooth AP-deployment plans by the processor of the device of automatically deploying access point; and
step 6: changing at least one deployment position value of at least one non-exchanged Wi-Fi AP deployment plan, changing at least one deployment position value of at least one non-exchanged Bluetooth AP deployment plan by the processor of the device of automatically deploying access point, and then returning to step 3;
wherein in the step of exchanging the parts of the deployment position values of the Wi-Fi AP-deployment plans, the parts of the deployment position values of the Wi-Fi AP deployment plans are exchanged according to an exchanging ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,375,761

SPLIT WIRELESS NETWORKS AND MANAGEMENT OF SAME TO PROVIDE DATA AND VOICE SERVICES

Charter Communications Op...

1. A method comprising:at a mobile communication device having wireless access via a first wireless network and a second wireless network:
receiving first communications at the mobile communication device over a first wireless communication link from the first wireless network;
detecting a message in the first communications, the message indicating a pending attempt by a remote communication device to communicate with the mobile communication device; and
in response to receiving the message, operating the mobile communication device to receive second communications from over the second wireless network.

US Pat. No. 10,375,760

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NOTIFYING A USER THAT A DEVICE NEEDS TO BE CLEANED AND/OR SERVICED

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. An apparatus comprising: a personal-area network (PAN) transceiver configured to form a PAN with a plurality of sensors and/or accessories by communicating with the plurality of sensors and/or accessories, wherein the communication utilizes a short-range wireless communication system protocol; a wide-area network (WAN) transceiver configured to receive a computer-aided dispatch identification (CAD ID) from a dispatch center, wherein the CAD ID identifies a public-safety incident; a database comprising identifications of the smart sensors and/or accessories that were members of the PAN during the public-safety incident; and logic circuitry configured to access the database and determine the sensors and/or accessories that need cleaning, wherein the sensors and/or accessories that need cleaning comprise the sensors and/or accessories that formed the PAN during the public-safety incident,wherein the PAN transceiver is configured to receive an indication that a PAN device has been cleaned or is in need of cleaning.

US Pat. No. 10,375,759

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR USING A SITUATIONAL NETWORK

Resource Consortium Limit...

1. A server for accessing roll call related information, the server comprising:a network controller configured to receive an indication of an occurrence of a situation; and
a central processing unit, coupled to the network controller, configured to identify a participant device that is geographically proximate to the situation;
wherein the network controller is further configured to:
provide a roll call query to the participant device, wherein the roll call query solicits a response related to a status; and
receive a status response to the roll call query from the participant device;
wherein the central processing unit is further configured to:
generate a message board based on the indication;
aggregate the status response into a roll call list; and
provide the participant device with access to at least a portion of the roll call list via the message board.

US Pat. No. 10,375,758

WI-FI COMMUNICATION OF WIRELESS EMERGENCY ALERTS

6. A wireless local area network (WLAN) access point comprising:a network connection for connecting to an Internet;
a processor communicatively coupled to the network connection;
a plurality of device connections for connecting a plurality of devices to the Internet, the plurality of device connections communicatively coupled to the processor; and
memory storing instructions that cause the processor to effectuate operations, the operations comprising:
receiving, via the network connection, a message and an indication of a geographic area in which the message is to be communicated, wherein the message comprises a first wireless emergency alert (WEA) message;
determining that a location of the WLAN access point is located within the geographic area;
communicating an indication of the message to a plurality of devices via the plurality of device connections;
receiving from an alert system a second WEA message comprising an indication of a second geographic area;
determining that the location of the WLAN access point is outside of the second geographic area; and
based on the determining that the location of the WLAN access point is outside of the second geographic area, communicating an indication of the location of the WLAN access point to the alert system.

US Pat. No. 10,375,757

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TERMINAL PERFORMING PDCCH MONITORING ON SCPTM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for performing, by a user equipment (UE), PDCCH monitoring for receiving a Single-Cell Point-to-Multipoint (SCPTM) service in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving one or more SCPTM Discontinuous Reception (DRX) configurations for receiving a SCPTM service;
receiving a legacy DRX configuration for receiving a unicast service; and
performing Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) monitoring for receiving the SCPTM service based on the one or more SCPTM DRX configurations,
wherein the SCPTM DRX configuration is configured for each Multicast Traffic Channel (MTCH), and
wherein the legacy DRX configuration is configured to be independent from the one or more SCPTM DRX configurations.

US Pat. No. 10,375,756

METHOD OF CONTROLLING OPERATION OF A COMMUNICATION DEVICE, TRANSCEIVER OPERATING ACCORDINGLY, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method, in a communication device arranged to operate in a cellular communication network employing a paging signal to allow discontinuous reception for communication devices, wherein the communication device is arranged for three main communication states, the three main communication states consisting of:a detached state where the communication device is not registered to the cellular communication network;
an idle state where the communication device is registered to the cellular communication network, and receives paging signals through discontinuous reception; and
an active state where the communication device is registered to the cellular communication network and performs communication with the cellular communication network essentially continuously,wherein the communication device is arranged for a power save mode of the detached state and the method comprises:when entering the power saving mode, sending a detach request to the cellular communication network and receiving a detach accept from the cellular communication network; and,
when disconnected from the cellular communication network and a time for next operation in the active state or scheduled operations in the idle state is imminent, reconnecting to the cellular communication network such that a transition from the detached state to any of the idle state or the active state is made.

US Pat. No. 10,375,755

APPARATUSES, METHODS AND COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR A BASE STATION TRANSCEIVER AND FOR A MOBILE TRANSCEIVER

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. An apparatus operable in a base station transceiver of a mobile communication system, the apparatus comprising:a transceiver of the base station transceiver configured to communicate with a mobile transceiver, the mobile transceiver using a data service provided by a data server;
an interface operable to communicate with the data server providing the data service to the mobile transceiver; and
a controller configured to:
control the transceiver of the base station transceiver and the interface,
relay data packets of the data service between the mobile transceiver and the data server,
determine a control data packet for the data service between the data server and the mobile transceiver, the control data packet being intended to maintain a connection established between the data server and the mobile transceiver, and
provide a reply data packet for the control data packet to the data server without relaying the control data packet to the mobile transceiver, and/or
generate and provide the control data packet to the data server without relaying the control data packet to the mobile transceiver;
wherein the controller is configured to receive configuration information from the mobile transceiver using the transceiver of the base station transceiver, the configuration information indicating that the control data packet for the data service is intended to maintain a connection established between the data server and the mobile transceiver is to be determined and replied to at the base station transceiver without relaying the control data packet to the mobile transceiver, and/or the configuration information indicating that the control data packet for the data service is intended to maintain a connection established between the data server and the mobile transceiver is to be generated at the base station transceiver; and
wherein the configuration information indicates that a protocol context for a communication of control data packets and corresponding reply data packet for the data service is terminated at the base station transceiver, while a protocol context for payload data packets for the data service is terminated at the mobile transceiver.

US Pat. No. 10,375,754

RFFE FOR DUAL CONNECTIVITY

T-Mobile USA, Inc., Bell...

1. A telecommunication device comprising:one or more processors configured to receive uplink data and split the uplink data into a first data stream associated with a first radio access technology and a second data stream associated with a second radio access technology; anda radio frequency (RF) front end comprising:a first power amplifier that amplifies a first RF transmit signal to create a first amplified RF transmit signal for transmission by a first antenna, wherein the first RF transmit signal represents at least a portion of the first data stream and is formatted and transmitted in accordance with the first radio access technology;
a second power amplifier that amplifies a second RF transmit signal to create a second amplified RF transmit signal for transmission by a second antenna concurrently with the transmission of the first RF transmit signal by the first antenna, wherein the second RF transmit signal represents at least a portion of the second data stream and is formatted and transmitted in accordance with the second radio access technology;
a first signal amplifier that amplifies a first RF receive signal from the first antenna to create a first amplified RF receive signal;
a first signal splitter that processes the first RF receive signal to produce a first main RF signal and a first diversity RF signal, wherein the first main RF signal represents data in accordance with the first radio access technology and the first diversity RF signal represents data in accordance with the second radio access technology;
a second signal amplifier that amplifies a second RF receive signal from the second antenna to create a second amplified RF receive signal; and
a second signal splitter that processes the second amplified RF receive signal to produce a second main RF signal and a second diversity RF signal, wherein the second main RF signal represents data in accordance with the second radio access technology and the second diversity RF signal represents data in accordance with the first radio access technology,wherein the one or more processors are further configured to:receive the first main RF signal, the first diversity RF signal, the second main RF signal, and the second diversity RF signal,
generate, from the first main RF signal and the second diversity RF signal, a first processed RF signal representing data in accordance with the first radio access technology,
generate, from the second main RF signal and the first diversity RF signal, a second processed RF signal representing data in accordance with the second radio access technology, and
aggregate the data represented by the first processed RF signal and the data represented by the second processed RF signal to create a data stream.

US Pat. No. 10,375,753

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ASSOCIATING USER WITH GROUP

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A system for associating a user with a group, comprising: a first communications device and a second communications device, whereinthe second communications device is configured to: send a first association request to the first communications device, wherein the first association request comprises an identifier of a mission critical push to talk over (MCPTT) user and identifiers of N MCPTT groups, the first association request is used to request to associate the MCPTT user with the N MCPTT groups, and N is an integer greater than or equal to 1;
the first communications device is configured to: receive the first association request from the second communications device; associate the MCPTT user with M MCPTT groups of the N MCPTT groups according to association subscription information of the MCPTT user, wherein the association subscription information of the MCPTT user is used to indicate an MCPTT group that the MCPTT user can be associated with; and send a first association response to the second communications device, wherein the first association response is used to indicate that the MCPTT user is successfully associated with the M MCPTT groups of the N MCPTT groups, 1?M?N, and M is an integer; and
the second communications device is further configured to: receive the first association response from the first communications device.

US Pat. No. 10,375,752

MOBILE COMMUNICATION TERMINAL AND SYSTEM WITH A MOBILE COMMUNICATION TERMINAL

innogy Innovation GmbH, ...

1. A mobile communication terminal, comprising:a data generation unit arranged for generating a data stream;
a data serialization unit arranged for segmenting the data stream into at least two distinct data packets; and
a channel broker unit, wherein the channel broker unit is connected to the serialization unit to receive the at least two data packets and to select for each of the data packets a bearer channel out of at least two different bearer channels;
wherein the channel broker unit and/or the communication unit outputs a mapping between the data packets and the bearer channels on which the respective data packets are transported on a baseline channel.

US Pat. No. 10,375,751

METHOD AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR HANDLING OFFLOADING OF DRBS TO WLAN CARRIER

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method by a wireless local area network (WLAN) termination (WT) node in a second radio access technology (RAT), the method comprising:receiving, from a base station in a first RAT, a WT addition request message including quality of service (QoS) parameters for at least one bearer;
identifying access category information for the at least one bearer, based on the QoS parameters received from the base station;
transmitting, to the base station, a WT addition request acknowledge message including an identity of an admitted bearer among the at least one bearer and access category information of the admitted bearer based on the admitted bearer being an uplink bearer, the access category information of the admitted bearer being forwarded from the base station to a terminal; and
receiving, from the terminal, data based on the access category information.

US Pat. No. 10,375,750

COMMUNICATION DEVICE

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A communication device comprising:a first type of interface configured to execute a wireless communication with a mobile device;
a second type of interface configured to execute a wireless communication with the mobile device;
one or more processors; and
a memory that stores computer-readable instructions therein, the computer-readable instructions, when executed by the one or more processors, causing the communication device to execute:
determining whether or not the communication device currently belongs to a first target network for executing a wireless communication using the second type of interface, wherein
in a first case where the communication device is determined as currently belonging to the first target network, the first type of interface sends a wireless setting to the mobile device, the wireless setting for causing the mobile device to belong to the first target network,
in the first case, the computer-readable instructions cause the communication device to further execute a wireless communication of object data with the mobile device via the first target network using the second type of interface after sending the wireless setting, and
in a second case where the communication device is determined as currently not belonging to the first target network, the computer-readable instructions cause the communication device to further execute:
a negotiation process of causing both the communication device and the mobile device to belong to a second target network, the second target network being different from the first target network; and
the wireless communication of the object data with the mobile device via the second target network using the second type of interface after executing the negotiation process.

US Pat. No. 10,375,749

MOBILE DEVICE AND METHOD OF PAIRING THE SAME WITH ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of pairing electronic devices by glasses, the method comprising:determining, by the glasses, a first electronic device to pair with by tracking eyes of a user of the glasses;
performing, by the glasses, user authentication with the first electronic device based on feature points of irises of the user;
determining, by the glasses, a second electronic device to pair with by tracking the eyes of the user;
performing, by the glasses, user authentication with the second electronic device based on the feature points of the irises of the user; and
controlling, by the glasses, the first electronic device and the second electronic device to pair with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,375,748

METHOD FOR TERMINAL-TO-TERMINAL COMMUNICATION IN A CELLULAR MOBILE RADIO NETWORK, AND A SYSTEM THEREFOR

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for terminal-to-terminal communication in a cellular mobile radio network for a cooperative intelligent transport systems communication, the method comprising the acts of:providing a radio signal interference map, wherein the radio signal interference map is indicative of a location-dependent radio signal interference disturbance within a coverage area of a base station, wherein the location-dependent radio signal interference disturbance is indicative of a radio signal interference disturbance of a terminal-to-terminal communication, and wherein providing the radio signal interference map is carried out on the basis of a learning algorithm for a geographic radio signal interference map;
providing configuration information regarding a configuration setting of a radio transmission for a terminal-to-terminal communication between a first mobile radio communication terminal and a second mobile radio communication terminal, wherein providing the configuration information is carried out on the basis of the location-dependent radio signal interference disturbance of the radio signal interference map, and wherein the configuration setting enables a statement regarding a configuration to be performed in respect of the radio transmission; and
setting up a terminal-to-terminal communication between the first mobile radio communication terminal and the second mobile radio communication terminal, taking into account of the provided configuration information regarding the configuration setting.

US Pat. No. 10,375,747

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR EFFICIENT CONNECTION SETUP AND COMMUNICATION FOR POWER CONSCIOUS DEVICES

Futurewei Technologies, I...

1. A method for establishing radio connections, the method comprising:selecting, by a first device in a multi-phase radio connection establishment process for establishing a radio connection, a respective radio connection technology from a plurality of different radio connection technologies for use in each of at least two phases of a plurality of phases in the multi-phase radio connection establishment process, the plurality of phases being predetermined and comprising a discovery trigger phase, a device discovery phase, and a connection setup phase, wherein the first device participates in each of the at least two phases; and
participating, by the first device, in a first phase of the at least two phases in the multi-phase radio connection establishment process using a first radio connection technology, wherein the first radio connection technology is selected by the first device for the first phase.

US Pat. No. 10,375,746

SIGNAL TRANSMISSION METHOD FOR DEVICE-TO-DEVICE (D2D) COMMUNICATION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

6. A first user equipment (UE) transmitting a D2D signal in a wireless communication system, comprising:a radio frequency unit; and
a processor,
wherein the processor is configured to:
receive a resource pool configuration for a D2D data channel,
determine a resource pool for the D2D data channel based on the resource pool configuration, and
transmit the D2D data channel based on the resource pool for the D2D data channel,
wherein the D2D data channel includes a demodulation reference signal (DMRS),
wherein the DMRS is transmitted based on a D2D slot number that is re-indexed within the resource pool for the D2D data channel, and
wherein the D2D slot number is re-indexed using a modulo operation.

US Pat. No. 10,375,745

MECHANISM FOR REALIZING LWA/LWIP AGGREGATOR FUNCTION

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:at a networking device with one or more processors and a non-transitory memory, the networking device communicatively coupled to a base station and one or more wireless local area network (WLAN) termination nodes:
obtaining a request to associate one or more electronic devices with the one or more WLAN termination nodes, wherein the one or more electronic devices are associated with the base station;
in response to obtaining the request to associate the one or more electronic devices with the one or more WLAN termination nodes:
generating, between the base station and the networking device, a control link based at least in part on a first identifier included in the request, wherein the first identifier is associated with the base station;
generating, between the networking device and a first WLAN termination node among the one or more WLAN termination nodes, a control link based at least in part on a second identifier associated with the base station, wherein the second identifier corresponds to a pseudonym for the base station; and
associating the first identifier with the second identifier in a control flow mapping table;
instantiating, between the base station and the networking device, a first data tunnel associated with a first tunneling protocol;
instantiating, between the networking device and the first WLAN termination node among the one or more WLAN termination nodes, a second data tunnel associated with a second tunneling protocol different from the first tunneling protocol; and
associating the first data tunnel with the second data tunnel in a data flow mapping table.

US Pat. No. 10,375,744

SESSION CONTINUITY BETWEEN SOFTWARE-DEFINED NETWORK-CONTROLLED AND NON-SOFTWARE-DEFINED NETWORK-CONTROLLED WIRELESS NETWORKS

1. A method comprising:determining, by a software-defined network (“SDN”) controller operating in an SDN-controlled network, that a handover of a user equipment has occurred from a base station operating under control of the SDN-controlled network to a further base station operating under control of a non-SDN-controlled network, wherein the SDN controller controls a plurality of SDN components operating in the SDN-controlled network, wherein the SDN controller is in communication, via a direct interface, with a packet gateway operating in the non-SDN controlled network, and wherein at least one of the plurality of SDN components is in communication with an edge network component;
in response to determining that the handover of the user equipment has occurred, establishing, by the SDN controller, over the direct interface between the SDN controller operating in the SDN-controlled network and the packet gateway operating in the non-SDN-controlled network, a tunnel through which to exchange handover data associated with the handover and a session IP address for a session in which the user equipment is involved;
providing, by the SDN controller, over the direct interface and through the tunnel, the handover data and the session IP address to the packet gateway;
receiving, by the packet gateway, a request from the user equipment to establish a new session IP address; and
determining, by the packet gateway, based upon a specification provided by an operator, whether to implement session continuity for the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,375,743

VOICE CHANNEL MANAGEMENT IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Republic Wireless, Inc., ...

1. A method of managing communication channels in a communication system that includes near field communication (NFC) capable communication devices and a communication server, the method comprising:causing an NFC transaction when a first and a second NFC equipped communication device are placed into close enough proximity of one another, the NFC transaction comprising generating a transaction identifier that is temporarily available to the first and the second NFC equipped communication devices;
sending a first channel establishment message from the first NFC equipped communication device to the communication server, the first channel establishment message comprising the transaction identifier;
sending a second channel establishment message from the second NFC equipped communication device to the communication server, the second channel establishment message comprising the transaction identifier;
comparing, at the communication server, the transaction identifier received from the first NFC equipped communication device in the first channel establishment message with the transaction identifier received from the second NFC equipped communication device in the second channel establishment message; and
when the transaction identifiers from the first and the second NFC equipped communication devices are identical, establishing a temporary communication channel to allow voice communication between the first and the second NFC equipped communication devices.

US Pat. No. 10,375,742

COMMUNICATION APPARATUS AND STORAGE MEDIUM SUITABLE FOR CONNECTING TO WIRELESS LAN (LOCAL AREA NETWORK)

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A communication apparatus, comprising:a communication-control unit that controls wireless communication via an access point and P2P type communication;
a connection-information-managing unit that, when the communication apparatus operates as a group owner that corresponds to the access point, manages a first connection information of the access point, and request-having information that indicates there is a connection request from a client using the wireless communication; and
a system-control unit that, when there is a connection request from a client by the wireless communication, causes the connection-information-management unit to manage the request-having information, compares a second connection information transmitted from the client with the first connection information, and establishes a connection with the client by the wireless communication when both match; wherein
the system-control unit
(1) causes the communication-control unit to block the communication when the connection by the wireless communication and/or the P2P type communication is lost,
(2) in the case of (1), causes the connection-information-managing unit to change the first connecting information when the connection-information-managing unit is managing the request-having information, and
(3) when the first connecting information is changed, causes deletion of the request-having information and causes the communication-control unit to stop the block of the communication.

US Pat. No. 10,375,741

ESTABLISHING A SHORT-RANGE COMMUNICATION PATHWAY

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method, comprising:at a first device configured to establish a short-range connection with a second device:
performing an advertisement process to automatically identify when the first device is capable of establishing the short-range connection with the second device, the advertisement process comprising the first device scanning for an advertisement broadcast by the second device;
when the first device has identified the second device via the advertisement process, selecting a first paging mechanism of a plurality of paging mechanisms based on a type of data to be provided over the short-range connection to the second device, wherein two or more of the plurality of paging mechanisms are configured to cause, respectively, the first device to transmit a page at a different predetermined rate; and
performing the first paging mechanism, comprising the first device transmitting the page to the second device at a first predetermined rate to trigger a connection operation to establish the short-range connection.

US Pat. No. 10,375,740

BEARER SETUP APPARATUS AND METHOD

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A base station, comprising:a receiver, configured to receive a bearer setup request message sent by a mobility management entity (MME), wherein the bearer setup request message is used to request to set up a bearer of a service, the bearer setup request message comprises first quality information, the first quality information is a level related to the service, and the service is a service initiated by user equipment (UE) or a service initiated by a network-side device; and
a processor, configured to: determine, according to a current load status and the first quality information, whether the base station accepts the bearer setup request message, and when the base station accepts the bearer setup request message, set up a first bearer that is used to transmit the service; and
a transmitter, configured to send a first radio resource control (RRC) connection configuration message to the UE, to instruct the UE to configure a transmission channel according to the first RRC connection configuration message, wherein the first RRC connection configuration message comprises the first quality information;
wherein
the receiver is further configured to receive a first RRC connection configuration complete message sent by the UE after the UE completes configuration of the transmission channel; and
the transmitter is further configured to send a first bearer setup complete response message to the MME, and to send a second RRC connection configuration message to the UE, to instruct the UE to configure the transmission channel according to the second RRC connection configuration message, wherein the second RRC connection configuration message comprises the second quality information;
the receiver is further configured to receive a second RRC connection configuration complete message sent by the UE after the UE completes configuration of the transmission channel; and
the transmitter is further configured to send a second bearer setup complete response message to the MME.

US Pat. No. 10,375,739

RANDOM ACCESS PROCEDURE FOR UNLICENSED CELLS

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A method for performing a random access procedure between a user equipment and a radio base station in a mobile communication system, wherein the user equipment is configured with at least one unlicensed cell, the random access procedure being performed via the unlicensed cell having an unlicensed cell frequency bandwidth,wherein a minimum frequency bandwidth threshold is defined for transmissions via the unlicensed cell, and
wherein the method comprises the following steps performed by the user equipment for the random access procedure:
selecting a random access preamble sequence for the random access procedure,
determining a frequency bandwidth for transmitting the random access preamble sequence via the unlicensed cell, the determined frequency bandwidth being at least the minimum frequency bandwidth threshold, and
transmitting the random access preamble sequence to the radio base station such that at least the determined frequency bandwidth of the unlicensed cell is occupied.

US Pat. No. 10,375,738

USER STATION (STA) AND ACCESS POINT (AP) AND METHOD FOR RANDOM ACCESS CONTENTION USING CASCADED TRIGGER FRAMES

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. An apparatus of a high-efficiency (HE) station, the apparatus comprising: memory; and processing circuitry coupled to the memory, the processing circuitry configured to:decode a beacon frame or management frame from a HE access point (AP), the beacon frame or the management frame comprising an information element, the information element comprising a start time for a first trigger frame (TF) with random access allocations;
enter a doze state until the start time;
decode the first TF, the first TF comprising a cascade indication field and an indication of uplink (UL) allocations, the UL allocations comprising one or more random access allocations, wherein the one or more random access allocations are indicated by values of association identifications (AIDs);
determine whether the one or more random access allocations are accessible to transmit a packet, wherein the determination is based on the values of the AIDs being zero to indicate a random access allocation;
if the determination is the one or more random access allocations are accessible, select a random access allocation of the one or more random access allocations, and configure the HE station to transmit the packet in accordance with the selected random access allocation, wherein the memory is configured to store the beacon frame or the management frame.

US Pat. No. 10,375,737

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SENDING AND RECEIVING INFORMATION ON A WIRELESS NETWORK

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

1. A method comprising:establishing, by a user equipment, a radio resource control connection with a wireless wide area network base station to enter a radio resource control connected state; and
sending, by the user equipment, a medium access control control element requesting system information while in the radio resource control connected state,
wherein the medium access control control element contains a bitmap for requesting system information blocks for the system information.

US Pat. No. 10,375,736

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR RANDOM ACCESS

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method implemented in a terminal device in a wireless communication system, comprising:generating a random access request including a training sequence, wherein the training sequence is configured at least partially based on a requirement of a coverage gain for a predetermined coverage class five (CC5) of the terminal device, and wherein the training sequence is configured as 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0; and
transmitting, to a network device, the random access request on a random access channel.

US Pat. No. 10,375,735

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION TERMINAL AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION METHOD

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A wireless communication device comprising:a transmitter configured to transmit a first type of frame including information to specify a plurality of frequency components to wireless communication terminals;
a receiver configured to receive at least one second type of frame via at least one of the plurality of frequency components, the second type of frame transmitted in reply to the first type of frame; and
controlling circuitry configured to determine a first update value and a second update value
for update of a first value range wherein the first value range is used by the wireless communication terminals in order to acquire a transmission right for response to the first type of frame based on a first value randomly selected from the first value range and a number of the frequency components specified in the first type of frame;
wherein the controlling circuitry determines the first update value and the second update value based on a number of the second type of frames successfully received in the receiver,
wherein the first update value is used for update of the first value range by a first wireless communication terminal which failed to transmit the second type of frame among the wireless communication terminals; and the second update value is used for update of the first value range by a second wireless communication terminal which has succeeded to transmit the second type of frame among the wireless communication terminals,
wherein the transmitter is configured to transmit a third type of frame including at least one of the first update value and the second update value; and
wherein the transmitter is configured to transmit a fourth type of frame including information to specify frequency components wherein the fourth type of frame is a trigger frame for random access,
wherein the first wireless communication terminal having received the fourth type of frame acquires a transmission right for response to the fourth type of frame, based on a second value randomly selected from the first value range updated by the first update value and a number of the frequency components specified in the fourth type of frame, and
wherein the second wireless communication terminal having received the fourth type of frame acquires a transmission right for response to the fourth type of frame, based on a third value randomly selected from the first value range updated by the second update value and a number of the frequency components specified in the fourth type of frame.

US Pat. No. 10,375,734

MOBILE STATION APPARATUS, BASE STATION APPARATUS, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION METHOD, AND INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A mobile station apparatus comprising:reception circuitry configured to receive, by using a higher layer message, information indicative of a first parameter for generation of a base sequence, wherein a demodulation reference signal is given by a cyclic shift and the base sequence, and the demodulation reference signal is associated with transmission of a physical uplink shared channel, and
generation circuitry configured to:
generate the base sequence which is given by a qth root Zadoff-Chu sequence in a case that a length of the demodulation reference signal is equal to or larger than 36, the number q being given by at least sequence group number;
determine the sequence group number based on at least the first parameter in a case that the transmission of the physical uplink shared channel corresponds to neither a random access response grant as part of a contention based random access procedure nor retransmission of a transport block as part of the contention based random access procedure, and
generate the demodulation reference signal based on the cyclic shift and the base sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,375,733

SCHEME FOR PERFORMING BEAMFORMING IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of performing beamforming in a base station, the method comprising:transmitting, to a terminal, a receive beam configuration message indicating a mapping relation between a plurality of receive beams of the base station and a plurality of resource regions within an uplink resource region on a time and frequency domain;
receiving random access signals transmitted through a plurality of transmit beams of a terminal, the random access signals being received through the plurality of receive beams of the base station;
determining at least one best transmit beam from among the plurality of transmit beams based on the received random access signals, the at least one best transmit beam indicating at least one transmit beam selected for signal transmission in the terminal;
determining at least one best receive beam from among the plurality of receive beams based on the received random access signals, the at least one best receive beam indicating at least one receive beam selected for signal reception in the base station;
transmitting information identifying the at least one best transmit beam and information identifying the at least one best receive beam from among the plurality of receive beams to the terminal; and
receiving an uplink signal through the at least one best receive beam on a resource region mapped to the at least one best receive beam,
wherein the resource region to be used for receiving the uplink signal is selected from among the plurality of resource regions allocated to the plurality of receive beams of the base station as indicated by the mapping relation represented in the receive beam configuration message.

US Pat. No. 10,375,732

METHOD AND ENTITY FOR TRANSMITTING IN A COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

10. An entity for transmitting in a communications system, the entity comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory, wherein the entity is configured to:
assess a channel to be available for transmission by establishing an on-going transmission to have a received signal strength such as to allow simultaneous transmission in view of a first clear channel assessment threshold,
establish type of transmission of the on-going transmission, and
determine, based on the established type of transmission, whether to transmit or to defer transmitting.

US Pat. No. 10,375,730

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECEIVING, BY TERMINAL, DATA ON UNLICENSED BAND

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method of transmitting information by a user equipment (UE) on an unlicensed band in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving, from a base station (BS), first information indicating whether there is data to be transmitted to the UE;
receiving, from the BS, second information informing the UE whether transmission of third information is necessary;
receiving a timer value from the BS;
performing channel sensing in a duration in which a timer runs; and
transmitting, to the BS, either the third information or fourth information based on a result of the channel sensing,
wherein the third information informs the BS that it is possible for the UE to receive data, and
wherein the fourth information informs the BS that it is impossible for the UE to receive the data.

US Pat. No. 10,375,729

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING DATA IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING SHARED BAND, AND DEVICE THEREFOR

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of transmitting data by a transmitting device in a wireless communication device using a shared band, the method comprising:transmitting present data in a first time period for present data transmission;
allocating time slots capable of measuring information on whether a channel of the shared band is occupied;
receiving a measurement value in the allocated time slots;
determining a variable of a clear channel assessment (CCA) window, wherein a number of operations of CCAs is determined based on the variable of the CCA window;
identifying a second time period based on the variable;
determining whether the channel of the shared band is occupied at the second time period; and
transmitting next data, if the channel of the shared band is not occupied,
wherein the variable is determined based on the measurement value and acknowledgment information, the acknowledgement information being received from at least two receiving devices in response to the present data transmission,
wherein the measurement value includes an energy measurement result for the shared band at different time points or an energy measurement result for the shared band in an idle period configured after transmitting present data by occupying the channel, and
wherein, if the transmitting device occupies the channel, the measurement value includes at least one of an energy measurement result measured in two or more time slots, a number of successive identifications of a vacancy of the channel, a channel occupation result of the shared band, a number of maintenances of the second time period according to an identification of the channel occupation of the shared band, and information on whether the channel is occupied or not at a predetermined time point.

US Pat. No. 10,375,728

ENHANCED CHANNEL ACCESS MECHANISM FOR IMPROVING PERFORMANCE IN DENSE WIFI ENVIRONMENTS

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. An apparatus of a station (STA) configured to operate in a wireless local area network (WLAN) comprising a basic service set (BSS), the BSS including at least the STA and an access point (AP), the apparatus comprising: memory; and processing circuitry, configured to:detect a frame from an overlapping WLAN;
determine from the detected frame if simultaneous channel access is allowed;
determine a duration of channel access from the detected frame;
if simultaneous channel access is allowed, adjust transmission parameters including a transmit power level to reduce interference with the overlapping WLAN, the processing circuitry is to adjust the transmission parameters based on signaling previously received from the AP; and
cause the STA to transmit a second frame to the AP during the duration of the detected frame, the second frame transmitted on a same channel as the detected frame,
wherein in response to detection of the frame from the overlapping WLAN indicating that simultaneous channel access is allowed, the processing circuitry is further configured to:
discontinue acquisition of the detected frame; and
start a simultaneous channel access period for restriction of transmit power for the duration,
wherein the processing circuitry is to cause the STA to transmit the second frame to the AP during the simultaneous channel access period.

US Pat. No. 10,375,727

SIGNAL DESIGNS FOR D2D SUBFRAMES

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A communication module, comprising:a radio transceiver to communicate with another communication module via a device-to-device (D2D) communication; and
processing circuitry, coupled to the radio transceiver, to:
schedule a D2D subframe to be transmitted at a timing advance (TA), which is at least 624 basic time units (Ts), ahead of a serving cell downlink reference time, wherein one basic time unit equals 1/30720000 seconds;
receive a first value from an eNB and determine the TA based on the first value;
transmit, via the radio transceiver, information to the other communication module using the D2D subframe: and
generate a guard interval within the D2D subframe by not transmitting at least a part of a data symbol of the D2D subframe.

US Pat. No. 10,375,726

USER EQUIPMENT SILENCING BASED ON TRANSMISSION FAILURE IN SHARED SPECTRUM

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication comprising:determining, by a wireless device, that a transmission in a shared radio frequency (RF) spectrum band has failed, wherein a radio access technology (RAT) operating in the shared RF spectrum band is synchronized with a RAT operating in a managed RF spectrum band;
transmitting, by the wireless device, a silencing signal in the managed RF spectrum band indicating that at least one neighboring user equipment (UE) is to suspend uplink (UL) transmission in the managed RF spectrum band, wherein transmitting the silencing signal is based at least in part on the determination; and
communicating, by the wireless device, in the managed RF spectrum band based at least in part on the silencing signal.

US Pat. No. 10,375,725

METHOD OF FAST-RETRANSMITTING UPLINK DATA IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting, by a user equipment (UE), uplink (UL) data in a wireless communication system that supports a low latency system, the method comprising:receiving, from a base station, a first UL grant for initial data
transmitting, to the base station, the initial data based on the first UL grant;
generating a transport block related to a retransmission of the initial data;
receiving, from the base station, a negative acknowledgement (NACK) for the initial data and a second UL grant,
wherein the second UL grant includes a position of a physical resource for the transport block;
mapping the transport block to the position of the physical resource based on the second UL grant; and
transmitting, to the base station, the transport block on the physical resource.

US Pat. No. 10,375,724

METHOD FOR DETECTING DEVICE-TO-DEVICE SIGNAL, USER EQUIPMENT, AND BASE STATION

Huawei Device Co., Ltd., ...

1. A method for detecting a device-to-device (D2D) signal, the method comprising:receiving, by a first user equipment, a first message sent by a second user equipment, wherein the first message comprises a timing advance for sending the D2D signal by the second user equipment;
receiving, by the first user equipment, a reference signal sent by a first base station that serves the first user equipment;
determining, by the first user equipment, a reference time according to the reference signal;
determining, by the first user equipment, according to the timing advance and the reference time, a first time for detecting the D2D signal; and
detecting, by the first user equipment, the D2D signal at the first time.

US Pat. No. 10,375,723

METHOD OF SIGNALING CONTROL INFORMATION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM WITH MULTIPLE FREQUENCY BLOCKS

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method of receiving downlink data by a user equipment in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving downlink scheduling information including a frequency block indicator and resource allocation information; and
performing a procedure for receiving the downlink data via a time-frequency region indicated by the resource allocation information within a first frequency block indicated by the frequency block indicator among configured plural frequency blocks,
wherein each of the configured plural frequency blocks is a subset of a system bandwidth.

US Pat. No. 10,375,722

REDUCTION OF CONCURRENT SIGNALING IN A RELAY USER EQUIPMENT (UE)

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. An apparatus of an eNodeB operable to resolve predefined types of concurrent communications at a relay user equipment (UE), the apparatus comprising one or more processors and memory configured to:identify the relay UE that is configured to relay proximity services (ProSe) traffic between the eNodeB and a remote UE, wherein:
the relay UE is in-coverage of the eNodeB; and
the remote UE is in-coverage or out-of-coverage of the eNodeB; and
communicate control signaling to at least one of the relay UE and the remote UE to resolve predefined types of communications performed at the relay UE or the remote UE to defined subframes, wherein:
the control signaling provides concurrency avoidance at the relay UE for predefined types of concurrent communications between the relay UE and at least one of the eNodeB and the remote UE,
wherein the control signaling communicated to at least one of the relay UE and the remote UE indicates a defined resource pool of subframes, wherein the relay UE is configured to resolve predefined types of concurrent communications with at least one of the eNodeB and the remote UE when utilizing subframes in the defined resource pool to perform one or more predefined types of communication.

US Pat. No. 10,375,721

METHOD AND APPARATUS IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method in a user equipment for handling a scheduling request, the method comprising:triggering a scheduling request in response to receiving new data to be transmitted to a base station, which scheduling request will remain pending until it is cancelled; and
cancelling the pending scheduling request when pending uplink data is accounted for in any one of the following two ways:
a Medium Access Control (MAC) Packet Data Unit (PDU) is to be transmitted to the base station, said PDU including a buffer status report which contains buffer status up to and including the last event that triggered a buffer status report; and
an uplink grant has been received which can accommodate all the pending uplink data available for transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,375,720

BEAM MANAGEMENT OF A RADIO TRANSCEIVER DEVICE

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method for beam management of a radio transceiver device, the method being performed by the radio transceiver device, the method comprising:receiving at least one taken from the group consisting of a data and a control signalling segment in a fixed reference beam where the at least one of the data and the control signalling segment is received on any of: Physical Uplink Control Channel (PUCCH), Physical Uplink Shared Channel (PUSCH), Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH), and Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH), and whilst doing so:
initiating a beam sweep in a candidate beam set, whereby part of the at least one of the data the control signalling segment is received in each of the beams in the candidate beam set, and then:
evaluating, based on the part of the data and/or control signalling segment received in each of the beams in the candidate beam set and using restored symbols of the at least one of the data the signalling segment received in the fixed reference beam as reference, a quality metric for each of the beams in the candidate beam set.

US Pat. No. 10,375,719

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR POWER HEADROOM REPORTING PROCEDURE FOR NEW RADIO CARRIER AGGREGATION

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

1. A method in a user equipment, the method comprising:communicating on a first serving cell having a first subcarrier spacing resulting in a first slot length and a second serving cell having a second subcarrier spacing resulting in a second slot length, the first subcarrier spacing being smaller than the second subcarrier spacing resulting in the first slot length being larger than the second slot length;
ascertaining that a power headroom report has been triggered for at least one selected from the first serving cell and the second serving cell;
having an uplink allocation corresponding to an uplink transmission in an allocated slot on the first serving cell, the allocated slot on the first serving cell overlapping with multiple slots on the second serving cell, wherein the multiple slots on the second serving cell include at least one fully overlapping slot starting with a first fully overlapping slot on the second serving cell that fully overlaps with the allocated slot on the first serving cell;
generating a first power headroom report for the allocated slot on the first serving cell;
determining a power headroom report reference slot on the second serving cell;
generating a second power headroom report for the second serving cell for the power headroom report reference slot; and
transmitting the first power headroom report and the second power headroom report in the uplink transmission in the allocated slot on the first serving cell,
wherein the power headroom report reference slot is determined as the first fully overlapping slot on the second serving cell.

US Pat. No. 10,375,718

ADAPTIVE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT FOR ROBUST COMMUNICATION IN NEW RADIO

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of resource adaptation for wireless communications using a bursty transmission pattern, comprising:determining, by a processor, that a user equipment (UE) is operating in a transition state;
transmitting, using a first numerology including a first number of symbols per slot, a first radio-frequency transmission having a first ratio of reference signal symbols to data symbols, for at least one transition slot while the UE is operating in the transition state;
adapting, by the processor, the first numerology, in a subsequent slot after the transition state, to a second scaled numerology including a second number of symbols per slot, according to a defined adaptation schedule defining a fixed number of slots in the transition state;
adjusting a waveform of a symbol transmitted in the at least one transition slot to a different waveform in the subsequent slot, wherein in the at least one transition slot, the symbol carries a first sequence or a second sequence orthogonal to the first sequence, and wherein in the subsequent slot the symbol carries the first sequence or the opposite of the first sequence; and
transmitting, using the second scaled numerology, a second radio-frequency transmission having a second ratio of reference signal symbols to data symbols, in the subsequent slot, wherein the first ratio of reference signal symbols to data symbols is greater than the second ratio of reference signal symbols to data symbols.

US Pat. No. 10,375,717

USER EQUIPMENT AND DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD THEREOF

Spreadtrum Communications...

1. A data transmission method of a User Equipment (UE), comprising:acquiring first configuration information of a first shortened Transmission Time Interval (TTI) sent by a base station; blindly detecting a predetermined physical downlink link control channel with a period of the first shortened TTI, until primary Downlink Control Information (DCI) corresponding to the UE is acquired, wherein the primary DCI comprises third configuration information of an exit frame number;
determining secondary DCI corresponding to the UE based on the primary DCI, wherein the secondary DCI comprises an exit indicator; and
performing data transmission with the base station in a second shortened TTI scheduled by the secondary DCI,
when a frame number of transmitted data does not exceed the exit frame number and the exit indicator is detected to be valid, blindly detecting the predetermined physical downlink link control channel again to acquire next primary DCI corresponding to the UE; and
when the frame number of transmitted data exceeds the exit frame number, starting to blindly detect the predetermined physical downlink link control channel again from a next shortened TTI to acquire next primary DCI.

US Pat. No. 10,375,716

METHOD FOR PERFORMING A LOGICAL CHANNEL PRIORITIZATION IN A CARRIER AGGREGATION WITH AT LEAST ONE SCELL OPERATING IN AN UNLICENSED SPECTRUM AND A DEVICE THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for a User Equipment (UE) performing a Logical Channel Prioritization (LCP) procedure in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving, from a base station (BS), configuration information including two priorities and two Prioritized Bit Rates (PBRs) for a logical channel for the LCP procedure,
configuring the two priorities and the two PBRs for the logical channel based on the configuration information:
receiving, from the BS, an uplink grant,
selecting a priority among the two priorities as a priority of the logical channel, wherein a higher priority is selected when the uplink grant is received from a first cell of a licensed band, and
wherein a lower priority is selected when the uplink grant is received from a second cell of an unlicensed band:
performing the LCP procedure for the logical channel based on the selected priority, wherein the two PBRs include a first PBR for the uplink grant received from the first cell of the licensed band and a second PBR for the uplink grant received from the second cell of the unlicensed band.

US Pat. No. 10,375,715

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SCHEDULING

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

13. A core unit controlling a first base station and a second base station, the core unit comprising:a receiver for receiving first channel status information (CSI) measured by at least one user equipment (UE) positioned in coverage of the first base station and second CSI measured by at least one UE positioned in coverage of the second base station; and
at least one processor configured to:
determine a first transmission rate for any one of the at least one UE positioned in the coverage of the first base station and a second transmission rate for any one of the at least one UE positioned in the coverage of the second base station, when data coding for interference cancellation is not used, based on the first CSI and the second CSI,
determine a third transmission rate for a first UE among the at least one UE positioned in the coverage of the first base station and a fourth transmission rate for a second UE among the at least one UE positioned in the coverage of the second base station, when the data coding for interference cancellation is used, based on the first CSI and the second CSI, and
control the first base station and the second base station to allow the first UE and the second UE to use the data coding for the interference cancellation based on the first transmission rate through the fourth transmission rate,
wherein, when the sum of the first transmission rate and the second transmission rate is smaller than the sum of the third transmission rate and the fourth transmission rate, the at least one processor is further configured to perform the control so that the first UE and the second UE use the data coding for the interference cancellation.

US Pat. No. 10,375,714

UPLINK RESOURCE SCHEDULING CONTROL IN RESPONSE TO CHANNEL BUSY CONDITION

BlackBerry Limited, Wate...

1. A method comprising:determining, by a wireless access network node, that a user equipment (UE) has experienced a channel busy condition that prevented the UE from transmitting on an uplink to the wireless access network node; and
in response to the determining, refraining, by the wireless access network node, from scheduling an uplink resource for the UE for a time duration based on a backoff procedure at the wireless access network node, wherein the backoff procedure includes initializing a backoff timer for the UE to an initial value corresponding to a non-zero number of backoff time slots, and wherein the wireless access network node refrains from the scheduling of the uplink resource while the backoff timer contains a value that is greater than zero.

US Pat. No. 10,375,713

MULTI-TECHNOLOGY COEXISTENCE IN THE UNLICENSED INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SERVICE SPECTRUM

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication by a user equipment (UE), comprising:detecting whether a second communication technology different from a first communication technology utilized by the UE is active on a first channel, wherein the detecting whether the second communication technology is active on the first channel comprises:
monitoring the first channel for one or more messages indicating that at least one another UE has determined to vacate the first channel of the first communication technology or to stay on the first channel with the first communication technology and the second communication technology sharing the first channel via TDM,
wherein the detecting whether the second communication technology is active on the first channel is based on the one or more messages; and
performing, based on the detection, an action associated with assigning the first communication technology to at least one of the first channel or a second channel.

US Pat. No. 10,375,712

METHOD OF HANDLING NORMAL BANDWIDTH AND NARROW BANDWIDTH COEXISTENCE

MEDIATEK INC., Hsin-Chu ...

1. A method of handling coexistence of different bandwidth operations for a source station in a wireless communication system, comprising:transmitting a first proprietary frame using a normal bandwidth to at least one destination station in the wireless communication system, wherein the first proprietary frame indicates notification of switching from a normal bandwidth operation to a narrow bandwidth operation; and
transmitting a protection frame using the normal bandwidth to the at least one destination station, wherein the protection frame indicates a service period of the narrow bandwidth operation;
wherein the first proprietary frame is transmitted with a transmission power level that is a sum of a standard transmission power level of the normal bandwidth operation and an amplification gain difference between the narrow bandwidth and normal bandwidth.

US Pat. No. 10,375,711

METHODS FOR LTE CHANNEL SELECTION IN UNLICENSED BANDS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method operable by a network entity configured for wireless communication, the method comprising:operating in a first mode using a first radio access technology (RAT1), wherein operating in the first mode comprises communicating on an unlicensed band;
collecting interference measurements for interference to or from at least one mobile device while in the first mode;
building a database from the collected interference measurements, the database comprising information regarding interference levels experienced by the network entity for LTE communication on channels of the unlicensed band, wherein collecting the interference measurements comprises directly making the interference measurements;
switching to a second mode and using a second radio access technology (RAT2); and
using the interference measurements from the first mode to reduce interference caused or experienced by the network entity in the second mode by selecting a channel in the unlicensed band for communication from a prioritized list of channels, wherein each channel in the prioritized list of channels is checked in order of priority and a first channel from the prioritized list of channels that satisfies an interference criteria based on a received signal strength indicator (RSSI) metric and a duty cycle metric being less than a threshold is selected.

US Pat. No. 10,375,710

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONNECTING DEVICES USING BLUETOOTH LOW-ENERGY TECHNOLOGY

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for connecting, by a first device, to a second device using Bluetooth low energy (LE), the method comprising:receiving a first advertising message including first interval information indicating a transmission interval of an advertising message from the second device;
adjusting a size of a scan window for scanning a surrounding device based on the first advertising message;
receiving a second advertising message from the second device or an external device through the scan window; and
establishing a Bluetooth LE connection with the second device,
wherein the second advertising message is periodically transmitted according to the transmission interval,
wherein the first interval information is used to reduce or increase the size of the scan window for receiving the periodically transmitted second advertisement message, and
wherein the size of the scan window is increased or decreased according to the first interval information.

US Pat. No. 10,375,709

METHOD AND LC DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING SCHEDULING REQUEST

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting a scheduling request (SR), the method performed by a device configured for a coverage enhancement and comprising:receiving a higher layer signal including a SR transmission periodicity and a SR subframe offset, the higher layer signal further including information on a repetition number;
determining a first subframe to start a transmission of the SR based on the SR transmission periodicity and the SR subframe offset;
determining a number of subframes used for repeatedly transmitting the SR based on the information; and
transmitting the SR on the determined first subframe,
wherein the SR is repeatedly transmitted over a plurality of consecutive subframes starting from the determined first subframe by the determined number of subframes.

US Pat. No. 10,375,708

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING DATA ON RESOURCE UNIT INCLUDING PILOT TONE IN WLAN

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for supporting operations of a wireless device in a wireless local area network (WLAN), the method comprising:generating, by an access point (AP), a physical layer protocol data unit (PPDU) including a plurality of resource units on a bandwidth,
wherein the plurality of resource units include a first tone unit related to a second tone unit,
wherein the first tone unit includes a total of 26 tones,
wherein 2 pilot tones are included in the total of 26 tones for the first tone unit,
wherein the second tone unit includes a plurality of tones being greater than the first tone unit, and
wherein 4 pilot tones are included in the plurality of tones for the second tone unit, and
wherein the 2 pilot tones are aligned on a frequency location with a portion of the 4 pilot tones; and
transmitting, by the AP, the PPDU based on the plurality of resource units.

US Pat. No. 10,375,707

DYNAMIC RESOURCE ALLOCATION IN WIRELESS NETWORK

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication in a wireless backhaul network, comprising:determining whether data is available to be transmitted by a first access node to a second access node via a first communication link using a radio access technology (RAT) that supports a synchronized frame structure, wherein the first communication link is a backhaul link, and wherein the first access node acts as an access node for communications on the first communication link by being configured to schedule one or more transmissions on the first communication link;
receiving, at the first access node and from a first wireless node, an indication of whether a scheduled resource of a second communication link associated with the first wireless node, time synchronized with the first communication link, is available during a time interval defined by the synchronized frame structure, wherein the first access node acts as a user equipment (UE) for communications on the second communication link by being configured to communicate via the second communication link when scheduled by the first wireless node; and
transmitting, by the first access node, the data via the first communication link using the scheduled resource during the time interval based at least in part on the indication indicating that the scheduled resource of the second communication link is available during the time interval.

US Pat. No. 10,375,706

DEVICE-TO-DEVICE (D2D) DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD OF USER EQUIPMENT IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND USER EQUIPMENT USING SAME METHOD

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting device-to-device (D2D) data in a wireless communication system, the method performed by a user equipment (UE) and comprising:receiving, from a network, information for a plurality of resource pools and class information for each of the plurality of resource pools; and
transmitting, to another UE, the D2D data on a specific resource pool related to a public safety class among the plurality of resource pools based on the class information, when the UE is a UE related to the public safety class,
wherein the class information is information related to whether the each of the plurality of resource pools is the public safety class or a non-public safety class.