US Pat. No. 10,178,820

BOARD WORK MACHINE AND RECOGNITION METHOD

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A board work machine comprising:a cutting device including
a cutting tool configured to cut a lead of a leaded component inserted into an insertion hole formed in the cutting tool, and
a main body section to which the cutting tool is removably attached;
an imaging device; and
a control device,
wherein
a mark for recognizing a type of the cutting tool is provided on the cutting device, and
the control device includes
an imaging section configured to capture an image of the recognition mark using the imaging device, and
a recognizing section configured to recognize the type of the cutting tool based on image data obtained from the imaging section.

US Pat. No. 10,178,819

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR AUTOMATIC STORAGE OF ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

1. A tower storage unit separate from a pick and place machine supplied with component tape reels from the tower storage unit, including:a storage cabinet with a deposition port through which component tape reels are inserted and retrieved wherein the component tape reel is part of a component tape assembly that includes a guide through which the component tape is threaded; and
a robot arm inside the storage cabinet that transports a pallet carrying a component tape assembly between the deposition port and storage locations inside the storage cabinet, that positions the pallet to be affixed at a storage location when the pallet is being stored, and that supports the pallet as it is released from the storage location when the pallet is being retrieved,
wherein the pallet has an upper surface, the component tape reel has an axis of rotation, and the component tape reel with the component tape threaded through the guide is stored on the pallet such that the axis of rotation is vertically oriented.

US Pat. No. 10,178,818

ENCLOSURE WITH INNER TAMPER-RESPONDENT SENSOR(S) AND PHYSICAL SECURITY ELEMENT(S)

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A tamper-respondent assembly comprising:a circuit board having a main surface with at least one electronic component to be protected mounted on the main surface of the circuit board;
an electronic enclosure mounted to the main surface of the circuit board to enclose, at least in part, the at least one electronic component to be protected, the electronic enclosure comprising an inner surface;
a tamper-respondent electronic circuit structure comprising a tamper-respondent sensor coupled to the inner surface of the electronic enclosure, the tamper-respondent sensor comprising at least one flexible layer with tamper-detect circuit lines, the at least one flexible layer being adhesively attached to and covering, at least in part, the inner surface of the electronic enclosure and defining, at least in part, a secure volume about the at least one electronic component; and
at least one security element disposed within the secure volume overlying and physically securing in place, at least in part, the tamper-respondent sensor, with the at least one flexible layer with tamper-detect circuit lines covering, at least in part, the inner surface of the electronic enclosure, wherein the tamper-respondent sensor is positioned, at least in part, between the inner surface of the electronic enclosure and the at least one security element.

US Pat. No. 10,178,817

ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELDING MATERIAL AND METHOD FOR PACKAGING OPTICAL MODULE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. An electromagnetic shielding material, comprising an electromagnetic shield layer, wherein the electromagnetic shield layer comprises:an external flux guide layer;
an insulation medium layer; and
an internal flux guide layer, wherein both the external flux guide layer and the internal flux guide layer are conductors with an electromagnetic self-induction capability;
wherein the external flux guide layer is of a mesh structure, each mesh of the mesh structure of the external flux guide layer forms a first guiding unit, the first guiding unit is of a tapered structure, and the first guiding unit forms a first included angle with a horizontal direction, wherein the first included angle is greater than 0 degrees and less than 90 degrees;
wherein the internal flux guide layer is of a mesh structure, each mesh of the mesh structure of the internal flux guide layer forms a second guiding unit, the second guiding unit is of a tapered structure, and the second guiding unit forms a second included angle with a horizontal direction, wherein the second included angle is greater than 0 degrees and less than 90 degrees; and
wherein both the external flux guide layer and the internal flux guide layer are in a sawtooth shape.

US Pat. No. 10,178,816

COPPER FOIL COMPOSITE, COPPER FOIL USED FOR THE SAME, FORMED PRODUCT AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

1. A copper foil composite comprising a copper foil and a resin layer laminated thereto, the copper foil containing at least one element selected from the group consisting of Sn, Mn, Cr, Zn, Zr, Mg, Ni, Si and Ag at a total of 30 to 500 mass ppm, and the rest being Cu and unavoidable impurities, a tensile strength of the copper foil being 100 to 180 MPa, a degree of aggregation I200/I0200 of a (200) plane of the copper foil being 30 or more, and an average grain size viewed from a plate surface of the copper foil being 50 to 400 ?m, and further wherein when the copper foil composite is tested for 180° intimate bending according to JIS Z 2248 and a part is bent at 180° and returned to 0° five times, the copper foil is not cracked and has no necking, or the copper foil has small wrinkles, but no large wrinkles.

US Pat. No. 10,178,815

PROTECTED WEARABLES

VIEYRA INC., Houston, TX...

1. An apparatus comprising:a front portion comprising a front exterior panel, a front interior panel and a first RF blocking sheet located between the front exterior panel and the front interior panel;
a first inner pocket located between the front interior panel and a second RF blocking sheet, wherein the first RF blocking sheet and the second RF blocking sheet stop electromagnetic radiation from being transmitted from the first inner pocket;
a back portion comprising a back exterior panel and a back interior panel, the back portion connected along connected sides of the back exterior panel to corresponding sides of the front exterior panel;
a second inner pocket formed between the back interior panel, and the back exterior panel wherein the second inner pocket stores a non-protected device; and
a closure part connecting non-connected sides of the front exterior panel and the back exterior panel.

US Pat. No. 10,178,814

INVERTER AND METHOD FOR COOLING AN INVERTER

SMA Solar Technology AG, ...

1. An inverter, in particular for a photovoltaic system, comprising: a housing with at least one chamber and a cooling air channel formed within the chamber for guiding ambient air as cooling air for electrical and/or electronic components of the inverter disposed along the cooling air channel, wherein the cooling air channel extends through the housing from an air inlet to an air outlet, thereby defining an air flow path, and a further air outlet provided within the cooling air channel between two of the components of the inverter to be cooled along the airflow path, and arranged above the air inlet and the air outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,178,813

STACKED POWER MODULE WITH INTEGRATED THERMAL MANAGEMENT

The United States of Amer...

1. A power module comprises:a stack of power electronic components arranged in layers;
an electrically conductive material separating each layer from one another;
a heat sink operatively connected to multiple sides of each power electronic component in said stack; and
a cooling path integrated with each layer in said stack,
wherein said cooling path accommodates a cooling fluid or a solid to liquid phase change material.

US Pat. No. 10,178,812

HEAT DISSIPATION DEVICE AND UAV USING THE SAME

SZ DJI TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

1. A heat dissipation device, comprising:an air guiding cover comprising:
an air duct configured to guide an airflow and including a mounting window formed on a sidewall of the air duct;
an air inlet formed at a first end of the air duct;
an air outlet formed at a second end of the air duct; and
a flow guiding plate disposed within the air duct, a flow guiding face of the flow guiding plate being substantially perpendicular to the sidewall on which the mounting window is formed and being disposed aslope relative to an extending direction of the air duct to form a flow converging portion with a gradually narrowing width at a middle section of the air duct, and an end of the flow converging portion with a larger width being disposed towards the air inlet; and
a heat conduction plate disposed at the mounting window and covering the mounting window.

US Pat. No. 10,178,811

ROTATION CONTROL METHOD, INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM STORING ROTATION CONTROL PROGRAM

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

15. A non-transitory computer-readable recording medium storing a rotation control program which causes a computer to execute operations of:acquiring one or more hardware components included in each of groups obtained by dividing a plurality of hardware components each having a temperature sensor in a system in such a manner that each of the groups includes a fan to cool down the one or more hardware components;
calculating a first difference between a temperature of each of the one or more hardware components and an upper limit of a tolerable temperature for the respective one or more hardware components;
calculating a second difference between a temperature of an environment in which the system is installed and an upper limit of a tolerable temperature for the environment, the temperature of the environment being measured by a temperature sensor provided in the system and different from the temperature sensors in the plurality of hardware components;
comparing the first difference and the second difference to obtain a comparison result indicating a load state of the respective one or more hardware components with respect to the temperature of the environment;
acquiring one or more rotation speeds for the one or more hardware components of the fan to cool down the one or more hardware components, respectively, based on the comparison result between the first difference and the second difference in such a manner that, in a case where the first difference is greater than the second difference, the respective one or more rotation speeds of the fan are set to be a first rotation speed which is a rotation speed to reduce wasteful power consumption; and
setting a final rotation speed of the fan to cool down the one or more hardware components based on the one or more rotation speeds.

US Pat. No. 10,178,810

SCALED DOWN, EFFICIENT DATA CENTER

Nautilus Data Technologie...

1. A self-sustained data center facility comprising:in the data center facility, a plurality of computer servers contained in a corresponding plurality of configurable rack mounted containers;
a single or plurality of rear door heat exchangers operatively coupled to the configurable rack mounted containers, and comprised in a thermal heat exchange system which further comprises a closed loop coolant distribution unit;
a power management unit operatively coupled to a control unit;
wherein the power management unit is configured to assess a data center power requirement, and to draw and supply power based on the assessed requirement; and
wherein the assessed data center power requirement is based on a calculated data center environment, infrastructure and component condition, calculated by the data center control unit, and based on the calculated condition, the data center control unit is further configured to control the environment, infrastructure and component condition for optimal efficiency; and
wherein control of the environment, infrastructure and component condition comprises:
analyzing if an ambient air temperature is within a pre-defined range, and based on the analysis, automatically adjusting at least one of a computer room air-conditioner (CRAC), the rear door heat exchangers (RDHX), the coolant distribution unit (CDU), a single or plurality of variable frequency drive (VFD) fans and a single or plurality of automated, adjustable flow control valves, to bring the ambient air temperature to within the pre-defined range; and
analyzing if the water temperature and water flow is within a pre-defined range, and based on the analysis, adjusting at least one of the coolant distribution unit (CDU), the rear door heat exchangers (RDHX), the single or plurality of automated, adjustable flow control valves, and a single or plurality of variable frequency drive (VFD) pumps to bring the water flow and the water temperature to within the pre-defined range.

US Pat. No. 10,178,809

MODULE-TYPE DATA CENTER

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A module-type data center comprising:a casing having an intake vent on one of surfaces of the casing and an exhaust vent on another one of the surfaces of the casing;
a rack placed inside the casing and accommodating an electronic device;
an air blower placed between an intake vent and the one surface of the rack to introduce outside air into the casing through the intake vent and pass air through the rack from one of surfaces of the rack to another one of the surfaces of the rack;
a shielding-slat unit placed on an inner side of the exhaust vent, and including a plurality of shielding slats configured to change between an open state and a closed state per the exhaust vent and drive devices configured to drive the corresponding shielding slats, the shielding-slat unit to change an aperture ratio of the exhaust vent by varying a ratio between a number of the shielding slats in the open state and a number of the shielding slats in the closed state of the plurality of shielding slats;
a controller configured to control the drive devices of the shielding-slat unit to change the aperture ratio of the exhaust vent, or to maintain the aperture ratio of the exhaust vent for a preset time when a temperature measured by the temperature sensor is lower than a preset temperature, until the measured temperature becomes greater than the preset temperature, wherein an inner space of the casing is divided into a first space defined between the one surface of the rack and the intake vent, a second space defined between the other surface of the rack and the exhaust vent, and a third space defined above the rack and allowing the second space to communicate with the first space; and
a temperature sensor placed inside the first space,
wherein the controller controls the drive devices of the shielding-slat unit based on a signal outputted from the temperature sensor,
wherein when a temperature measured by the temperature sensor is lower than a preset temperature, the controller sequentially closes the shielding slats of the shielding-slat unit until the temperature measured by the temperature sensor reaches or exceeds the preset temperature, and
wherein the controller acquires information on an amount of power consumed by the air blower and information on an amount of power consumed by the electronic device placed in the rack, and based on the information on the amount of power consumed by the air blower and the information on the amount of power consumed by the electronic device placed in the rack, determines an order of the closing of the shielding slats performed when the temperature measured by the temperature sensor is lower than the preset temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,178,808

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATICALLY SCALING PERFORMANCE IN AN INFORMATION HANDLING SYSTEM

Dell Products, L.P., Rou...

1. A method of scaling performance of an information handling system,the method comprising:
reading, by a controller, from a local storage of an installed cooling component to which the controller is communicatively connected via a signal bus, at least one component data that identifies a heat removal effectiveness of the installed cooling component;
selecting, by the controller, one or more performance characteristics of the information handling system based on the received component data and corresponding heat removal effectiveness of the installed cooling component, by mapping the component data to an entry within a look-up data structure, the look-up data structure located within a nonvolatile storage and accessible by a basic input output system (BIOS) of the information handling system during a system start-up process, wherein the look-up data structure includes an entry for a first fan that removes heat from the system operating with an auxiliary fan that draws in cooler air into the system, wherein the first fan and auxiliary fan work together to increase an overall heat removal capability by an amount greater than a sum of each individual heat removal capability;
adjusting, by the controller, one or more operating parameters of the information handling system to achieve the selected one or more performance characteristics, wherein the performance characteristics are related to the heat removal effectiveness associated with the component data retrieved from the storage of the installed cooling component;
wherein an overall heat removal capacity, inclusive of the heat removal effectiveness of the installed cooling component, results in a corresponding heat dissipation parameter of the information handling system that supports overclocking;
identifying, by the controller, a maximum achievable performance of the information handling system;
determining, from the component data, a corresponding adjustment in the overall heat removal capability within the overall information handling system;
determining that the overall heat removal capability within the overall information handling system supports the overclocking; and
in response to determining that the overall heat removal capability supports overclocking:
selecting the applicable performance characteristics of the information handling system based on the overall heat removal capability and the maximum achievable performance; and
adjusting the operating parameters of the information handling system to enable the overclocking.

US Pat. No. 10,178,807

TOP LOADING CARTRIDGE

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A top loading server cartridge comprising:a support member that receives a fan module;
a rail member attached to the support member that engages with a tray that receives the top loading cartridge; and
a lock mechanism including:
a housing hingedly attaches to the support member and the housing rotates between an unlocked position to a locked position;
a tab to connect to the housing, the tab moves with a lock engagement member between a first position and a second position;
a hooked tray engagement member that is retracted in the housing in the unlocked position and extends from the housing to engage with the tray attached to a chassis in the second position;
the lock engagement member that extends from the tab at least partially into a receptacle included in the support member; and
a resilient member to connect to the tab, the resilient member moves the tab between an equilibrium position and a displaced position based on a force applied to the tab.

US Pat. No. 10,178,806

QUICK-DISCONNECT TRANSLATABLE FAN TRAY FOR ELECTRONICS ENCLOSURE

EMC IP Holding Company, L...

1. Apparatus for cooling electronic components within an enclosure, the enclosure having a front part and a rear part, comprising:a fan tray formed to be quickly inserted into and removed from either the front part or the rear part of the enclosure; and
a fan module as part of said fan tray for providing an airflow in a predetermined direction through the enclosure to remove heat from said electronic components, the fan tray having electrical contacts and a mechanical locator element that cooperate with either corresponding front or rear electrical contact pads and either corresponding front or rear mechanical features within the enclosure for electrical power and correct positioning to enable insertion of the fan tray into either said front part or said rear part of the enclosure while maintaining the same physical orientation of the fan tray relative to the enclosure and the same airflow direction from the fan module through the enclosure when inserted into either the front part or the rear part; and
wherein said fan tray comprises two fan modules connected together in parallel by an intermediate connector board located between said fan modules, each fan module comprising two counter rotating fans in series that provide said airflow in the same direction, and wherein said electrical contacts and said mechanical locator member are on said intermediate connector board.

US Pat. No. 10,178,805

HEATSINK WITH INTERNAL CAVITY FOR LIQUID COOLING

Tesla, Inc., Palo Alto, ...

1. A heatsink comprising:a first part having first fins, the first fins arranged into a first plurality of rows and a first plurality of columns;
a second part having second fins, the second fins arranged into a second plurality of rows and a second plurality of columns;
wherein the first part and the second part form a hollow cavity therebetween when the first and second part are assembled;
wherein, when the first part and the second part are assembled, the first fins extend into the hollow cavity from the first part and towards the second fins and the second fins extend into the hollow cavity from the second part and towars the first fins, the first fins overlapping the second fins in a direction in which the first fins extend towards the second fins;
wherein the first plurality of rows are staggered from the second plurality of rows and the first plurality of columns are staggered from the second plurality of columns, when the first part and the second part are assembled;
wherein an inlet for fluid and an outlet for fluid are disposed on a same side of the first part and the inlet and the outlet are disposed on opposing sides of the first fins in a direction parallel to the first plurality of rows such that fluid enters and exits the hollow cavity in a direction parallel to the first plurality of columns;
an inlet fin arranged to direct fluid from the inlet to the first fins and the second fins, the inlet fin at least partially aligned with the inlet in a direction parallel to the first plurality of columns;
an outlet fin arranged to direct fluid from the first fins and the second fins to the outlet, the outlet fin at least partially aligned with the outlet in a direction parallel to the first plurality of columns;
a first mounting leg for directly coupling the inlet to a first manifold; and
a second mounting leg for directly coupling the outlet to a second manifold.

US Pat. No. 10,178,804

HEAT SPREADER FOR AN ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A heat spreader configured to be used in a cage of an electrical connector assembly for thermally coupling to a pluggable module received in the cage through a front end of the cage and mated to a communication connector located proximate to a back end of the cage, the pluggable module having heat transfer fins extending therefrom with channels between the heat transfer fins, the heat spreader comprising:a main body extending between a front and a rear, the main body configured to be mounted to the cage proximate to the back end of the cage; and
heat transfer fingers cantilevered forward from the front of the main body, the heat transfer fingers each having a fixed end at the main body and a distal end forward of the fixed end, each heat transfer finger having a top, a bottom and mating edges facing each other across gaps between the heat transfer fingers, the heat transfer fingers being configured to be received in the corresponding channels between the heat transfer fins as the pluggable module is installed in the cage through the front end with the gaps receiving the heat transfer fins, the mating edges being configured to face and be thermally coupled to corresponding heat transfer fins, wherein the heat transfer fingers transfer heat from the heat transfer fins rearward toward the distal ends and into the main body.

US Pat. No. 10,178,803

THERMOSYPHON COOLING APPARATUS WITH ISOLATION OF COOLED COMPONENTS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An apparatus comprising:an enclosure;
a cooling system comprising:
at least three evaporators disposed in the enclosure and having respective surfaces configured for mounting of a power electronic device thereon, the evaporators fluidically coupled in series by respective electrically insulating couplers between adjacent ones of the evaporators;
a condenser positioned in and/or external to the enclosure;
at least two electrically insulating conduits coupling the evaporators and the condenser in a thermosyphon loop; and
a dielectric coolant contained in the thermosyphon loop.

US Pat. No. 10,178,802

LIQUID SUPPLY DEVICE AND LIQUID COOLING SYSTEM

Cooler Master Co., Ltd., ...

1. A liquid cooling system comprising:a liquid supply device comprising:
a casing having a liquid outlet;
a cover connected to the casing, a chamber being formed between the casing and the cover, the chamber communicating with the liquid outlet;
a plunger movably disposed in the chamber;
a driving unit disposed in the chamber, the driving unit driving the plunger to move; and
a sensing unit selectively disposed on one of the cover and the plunger, the sensing unit outputting a sensing signal according to a current position of the plunger;
an alarm unit; and
a processing unit electrically connected to the sensing unit and the alarm unit, the processing unit converting the sensing signal into a liquid level and calculating a decreasing rate of the liquid level, the processing unit controlling the alarm unit to send out an alarm message when the processing unit determines that the decreasing rate is larger than an evaporation rate.

US Pat. No. 10,178,801

CABINET LIQUID COOLING SYSTEM AND CABINET

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A cabinet liquid cooling system configured to dissipate heat of a cabinet, the cabinet liquid cooling system comprising:a flow allocator installed on a side wall of the cabinet and that is located in space between the side wall of the cabinet and a mounting bar of the cabinet, the flow allocator being provided with a liquid inlet and a liquid outlet, the liquid inlet, being coupled to a liquid inlet unit of the flow allocator, and the liquid outlet being coupled to a liquid outlet unit of the flow allocator;
multiple liquid supply branches in a one-to-one correspondence to multiple mounted electronic devices, each of the liquid supply branches passing proximate to one of the mounted electronic devices, each of the liquid supply branches comprising a liquid delivery pipe and a liquid retum pipe that communicate with the flow allocator individually, and each of the liquid delivery pipes having a length that is less than a length of each of the liquid return pipes;
multiple pairs of quick female connectors and quick male connectors that cooperate with each other;
multiple node pipes in a one-to-one correspondence to the multiple liquid supply branches, each of the node pipes comprising a liquid inlet pipe and a liquid outlet pipe, the liquid inlet pipe of each of the node pipes being coupled to the liquid delivery pipe of the corresponding liquid supply branch using one of the pairs of quick female connectors and quick male connectors, and liquid outlet pipe of each of the node pipes being coupled to the liquid return pipe of the corresponding liquid supply branch using the one of the pairs of quick female connectors and quick male connectors;
a mounting bracket that supports the multiple node pipes, the liquid inlet unit of the flow allocator being positioned between the mounting bracket and the liquid outlet unit of the flow allocator; and
a liquid that is configured to enter the liquid inlet unit of the flow allocator through the liquid inlet, pass through one of the liquid delivery pipes to one of the node pipes, pass through the one of the node pipes to one of the liquid return pipes and then to the liquid outlet unit of the flow allocator, and exit the liquid outlet unit of the flow allocator through the liquid outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,178,800

SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR ELECTRONICS HAVING FLUID PASSAGEWAY FOR CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. A support structure for an electronic component comprising:a chassis with a base and a side wall that extends from the base;
a standoff that is attached to the chassis and that extends from the base, the standoff configured to support the electronic component and separate the electronic component at a distance away from the base of the chassis, the standoff configured to receive heat generated by the electronic component; and
an upper wall that is attached to the side wall and the standoff, the upper wall being spaced apart from the base and the electronic component;
wherein the standoff includes a fluid passageway, the fluid passageway configured to allow a cooling fluid to flow therethrough for convective heat transfer from the standoff to the cooling fluid;
wherein the side wall includes a side wall fluid passageway configured to allow the cooling fluid to flow therethrough for convective heat transfer from the side wall to the cooling fluid;
wherein the upper wall includes a first aperture that is in fluid communication with the fluid passageway of the standoff; and
wherein the upper wall includes a second aperture that is in fluid communication with the side wall fluid passageway.

US Pat. No. 10,178,799

SUPERCONDUCTING FAULT CURRENT LIMITER AND COOLING METHOD FOR SUPERCONDUCTING ELEMENT WITHIN SUPERCONDUCTING FAULT CURRENT LIMITER

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A superconducting fault current limiter comprising superconducting elements which are in a superconducting state when an electric current flows within a range of electric current values and which change to a normal conducting state when a fault current flows exceeding the range, comprising:a coolant vessel which accommodates a liquid coolant and the superconducting elements; and
a cooling means which cools the liquid coolant in the coolant vessel, wherein among the superconducting elements, a first superconducting element with a lowest critical current is disposed over a second superconducting element in the liquid coolant and wherein vaporized gas bubbles from the second superconducting element assist vaporized gas, on a surface of the first superconducting element, to be released.

US Pat. No. 10,178,798

ELECTRONICS ENCLOSURE WITH AIRFLOW MANAGEMENT

Pure Storage, Inc., Moun...

1. An electronics housing, comprising:A housing, having a first chamber arranged to receive one or more enclosures, the housing having a second chamber separated from the first chamber by a wall;
the one or more enclosures, each arranged to have electronic circuitry within the one or more second enclosure;
the housing having one or more fans arranged to exhaust a first airflow from each of the one or more enclosures and the first chamber;
the housing having one or more power supplies with a further one or more fans arranged to exhaust a second airflow from the second chamber and the one or more power supplies; and
the wall having one or more apertures arranged to at least partially align with one or more apertures of each of the one or more enclosures, the second airflow proceeding through the one or more apertures of the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,178,797

SPLIT AIRFLOW COOLING MODULE

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

10. An electronic device, comprising: a first heat-generating component; a second heat-generating component; and a cooling module configured to cool the first heat-generating component and the second heat-generating component, the cooling module comprising a blower configured to generate a flow of air an airflow channel downstream of the blower to receive the flow of air from the blower, a heat sink in thermal communication with the first heat-generating component, the heat sink comprising a plurality of fins extending into the airflow channel, the plurality of fins configured to direct air toward a first outlet; a gap between a distal surface of the plurality of fins of the heat sink and an opposing interior surface of the airflow channel; an air-diverting structure extending into the gap, the air-diverting structure being configured to redirect air flowing in the gap through a second outlet toward the second heat-generating component; and a gasket connecting the heat sink to a body of the blower, the gasket configured to seal a space between the heat sink and the blower while allowing movement of the heat sink relative to the body of the blower.

US Pat. No. 10,178,796

ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT DATA CENTER OR CO-LOCATION FACILITY DESIGNS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME

Switch, Ltd., Las Vegas,...

1. A structure for managing heat emitted by electronic equipment, the electronic equipment in a facility having external walls, the structure comprising:at least one cluster of cabinets disposed in two separated rows such that the two separated rows of cabinets are positioned in a back-to-back configuration to establish a hot aisle enclosure area between the two separated rows of cabinets and a front side of the cabinets establishes a portion of a cold aisle; electronic equipment disposed in the cabinets to emit heated air from the cabinets into the hot aisle enclosure area;
a plurality of support brackets disposed along each of the two rows of the at least one cluster of cabinets;
a thermal shield supported by a portion of at least some of the support brackets extending upward from the cabinets to form a hot air area above the hot aisle enclosure area by providing a contiguous wall at a height above the two separated rows of cabinets to trap heated air within the hot air area and the hot aisle enclosure area and cause substantially all heated air between the cabinets to be contained within the hot air area and the hot aisle enclosure area, the wall fully surrounds the hot air area above the at least one cluster of cabinets;
at least one ladder rack located beside the thermal shield above at least one of the rows of cabinets to support cables in the cold aisle;
a warm air path disposed above the hot air area, the warm air path allowing heated air to flow from the hot air area to an air conditioning system that includes an air conditioning unit located above the cabinets and a condenser that is disposed outside the external walls of the facility, such that the warm air path is bounded by a barrier and one or more openings exist in the barrier through which heated air flows into the warm air path, and wherein a top edge of the thermal shield extends from the barrier to the cabinets to further prevent heated air from escaping; and
a cool air path between the air conditioning system and the cold aisle, the cool air path delivering cool air from the air conditioning system to the cold aisle.

US Pat. No. 10,178,795

SYSTEM FOR FITTING COMPONENTS ON CARRIER RAILS IN AN ORDER-SPECIFIC MANNER

1. An installation for equipping DIN rails, according to an order, with components, including at least one of terminal blocks, electrical devices, or end holders, that are intended to be subsequently installed in switch cabinets, the installation comprising:at least one main cell comprising:
at least one first supply unit configured to supply the components;
at least one second supply unit configured to supply therein DIN rails with the components; and
a writing device configured to wirelessly transmit data, for saving the data, to a respective memory unit arranged on each DIN rail equipped with the components and having an integrated wireless communications interface, the data containing order-specific information, and
at least one additional cell, to which the fully equipped DIN rails are fed for further processing, the additional cell comprising a reading device configured to wirelessly read the memory unit, the fully equipped DIN rails being processed further in this cell on the basis of the order-specific data read out.

US Pat. No. 10,178,794

FLEXIBLE UTILITY ROOM CONFIGURATION WITH INTERCHANGEABLE INTERFACE PANEL

Dell Products, L.P., Rou...

1. A configurable modular data center (MDC) comprising:a volumetric structure;
a floor assembly mounted across a bottom portion of the volumetric structure and comprising an interface panel opening capable of receiving a plurality of different configurations of interface panels;
a first interface panel received in the interface panel opening and having a first configuration of at least one conduit opening and an array of attachment features, the at least one conduit opening aligning to a defined location relative to the bottom portion of the volumetric structure when the first interface panel is received in the interface panel opening; and
a first equipment cabinet of more than one type of equipment cabinet that contains functional equipment that provide support for one or more information technology (IT) equipment, wherein:
the first equipment cabinet positions a lower electrical coupling component of the functional equipment for connection to a substrate-installed conduit at a deployed location of the configurable MDC; and
the first equipment cabinet has a bottom surface that engagingly corresponds to the array of attachment features of the first interface panel to align the lower electrical coupling component of the first equipment cabinet above to the at least one conduit opening of the first interface panel, wherein the first interface panel aligns the lower electrical coupling component at the predefined location corresponding to a substrate-installed conduit of a MDC pad at a deployed location of the configurable MDC, the one or more substrate-installed conduits prepositioned according to a first placement of more than one predefined placements.

US Pat. No. 10,178,793

RACK-MOUNT CHASSIS

Advanced Connectek Inc., ...

1. A rack-mount chassis, comprising:a rear casing having an opening;
a door plate configured to cover the opening;
a first pivot assembly connected between the rear casing and the door plate along a pivot axis, the first pivot assembly comprising:
a first bearing portion connected to one of the rear casing and the door plate and having a first shaft hole and a first passage, wherein the first passage extends from the first shaft hole to an outer edge of the first bearing portion; and
a first shaft portion connected to the other one of the rear casing and the door plate and having a first shaft body, wherein the first shaft body is moved into the first shaft hole through the first passage; and
a second pivot assembly connected between the rear casing and the door plate along the pivot axis, the second pivot assembly comprising:
a second bearing portion connected to one of the rear casing and the door plate and having a second shaft hole; and
a second shaft portion connected to the other one of the rear casing and the door plate and having a second shaft body, wherein the second shaft body is located in the second shaft hole.

US Pat. No. 10,178,792

ONE-PERSON PORTABLE COMMAND AND CONTROL DATA CENTER

The United States of Amer...

1. A person-portable command and control data center comprising:a case with a horizontal top opposed opposite a horizontal bottom, a first vertical side coupled to said horizontal top and said horizontal bottom, a second vertical side opposed opposite said first vertical side and coupled to said horizontal top and said horizontal bottom, a vertical back plate coupled to said horizontal top, said horizontal bottom, said first vertical side, and said second vertical slide, a vertical front plate disposed opposite said vertical back plate coupled to said horizontal top, said horizontal bottom, said first vertical side, and said second vertical slide;
a carrying handle coupled to an exterior face of said horizontal top at such a balance point as dictated by a weight distribution of a plurality of components coupled to, and housed within said case;
said first vertical side being formed with a plurality of apertures;
said second vertical side being formed with a plurality of apertures;
said plurality of components comprising a user configurable power supply, a workstation motherboard, a server motherboard, a plurality of data storage devices, a radio transceiver, a five-port 10/100/1000 Mb/sec switch, a fiber optic network card, a sealed liquid cooling system, a positioning system receiver, a counter interference-signal transmitter, a low frequency radio, a 2.4 GHz transmitter receiver, a first monitor, a second monitor, a first hinged monitor support plate, a third monitor, a second hinged monitor support plate, a first pivot hinge, a second pivot hinge, a third pivot hinge, a fourth pivot hinge, and a removable keyboard;
said user configurable power supply coupled to an inner face of said case and configured so as to accept a variety of power inputs and convert said inputs into an output signal with a waveform of 110 v at 60 Hz and 15 amps;
said workstation motherboard coupled to an inner face of said case comprising a workstation central processing unit, a plurality of random access memory chips, and a first 3D video card;
said server motherboard disposed parallel to said workstation motherboard at a location so as to create a separation of less than 1.8 inches between a face of said workstation motherboard and a face of said server motherboard, comprising a first central processing unit, a second central processing unit, a plurality of random access memory chips, and a second 3D video card;
said plurality of data storage devices secured within said case and connected to one or more said motherboards;
said data storage devices being coupled to a formed tray, disposed in proximity to said second vertical side, and secured by a quick release mechanism so as to allow rapid removal of said data storage devices;
said radio transceiver comprising an antenna port accessible through a selected aperture in said first vertical side, coupled to an inner face of said case, and connected to said workstation motherboard;
said five-port 10/100/1000 Mb/sec switch comprising a plurality of ports accessible through a selected aperture in said first vertical side coupled to an inner face of said case and connected to said server motherboard and to said workstation motherboard;
said fiber optic network card comprising a plurality of ports accessible through a selected aperture in said first vertical side coupled to an inner face of said case and connected to either of said motherboards;
said sealed liquid cooling system comprising a quantity of heat transfer fluid, a radiator having a plurality of radiator pipe coupling ports, a first fluid input pipe, a second fluid input pipe, a first fluid output pipe, a second fluid output pipe, a first heat sink and pump, a second heat sink and pump, a third heat sink and pump, and a plurality of wires configured to transmit an activation signal from said motherboards;
said fluid input pipes and said fluid output pipes being coupled to said radiator pipe coupling ports;
said first heat sink and pump being disposed in contact with said first central processing unit, coupled to said first fluid input pipe, coupled to said first fluid output pipe, and coupled to a portion of said wires;
said second heat sink and pump being disposed in contact with said second central processing unit, coupled to said first fluid input pipe, coupled to said first fluid output pipe, and coupled to a portion of said wires;
said third heat sink and pump being disposed in contact with said workstation central processing unit, coupled to said second fluid input pipe, coupled to said second fluid output pipe, and coupled to a portion of said wires;
said radiator being disposed within three 5.25 inch drive bays proximal to said horizontal bottom and said second vertical side;
said radiator being contained entirely within said case;
said sealed liquid cooling system being configured so as to allow a quantity of waste heat to pass from said central processing units to a portion of said heat transfer fluid, said portion of heat transfer fluid to be transported within said fluid input pipes to said radiator, said radiator being configured to allow a quantity of waste heat to pass from said portion of heat transfer fluid to a portion of proximal ambient air, said portion of heat transfer fluid to be transported within said fluid output pipes to said heat sinks and pumps;
said radiator being further configured so as to passively power a convection current as said heated portion of proximal air rises within said case and exits said case through a plurality of first apertures and air pathways and a portion of cooler ambient temperature air is drawn through a plurality of second apertures in and from a lower portion of said second vertical side to facilitate a convection air current created from a resultant low pressure area proximal to said radiator, said plurality of components contained within said case being positioned so as to facilitate said convection current;
said positioning system receiver comprising an antenna port accessible through a selected aperture in said first vertical side, secured within said case and connected to said server motherboard;
said counter interference-signal transmitter comprising an antenna port accessible through a selected aperture in said first vertical side, secured within said case and connected to said workstation motherboard;
said counter interference-signal transmitter being configured so as to produce a signal capable of defeating detected interference signals;
said low frequency radio comprising an antenna port accessible through a selected aperture in said first vertical side, secured within said case and connected to said workstation motherboard;
said 2.4 GHz transmitter receiver comprising an antenna port accessible through a selected aperture in said first vertical side, secured within said case and connected to said workstation motherboard;
said first monitor a secured to a monitor bracket coupled to said vertical front plate, connected to said first 3D video card, and connected to said user configurable power supply;
said case having a height of 1.06 times said first monitor's height, a length of 1.08 times said first monitor's length, and a depth of 11.25 said first monitor's depth;
said second monitor secured to said first hinged monitor support plate, connected to said first 3D video card, and connected to said user configurable power supply;
said first hinged monitor support plate being coupled by said first pivot hinge to an interior face of said horizontal top, by said second pivot hinge to an interior face of said horizontal bottom, and configured so as to enable said second monitor to be folded through an arc from an extend position in line with said first monitor, toward said first monitor, to a position parallel to, and in contact with said first monitor, creating a first closed position;
said third monitor secured to said second hinged monitor support plate, connected to said first 3D video card, and connected to said user configurable power supply;
said second hinged monitor support plate being coupled by said third pivot hinge to said interior face of said horizontal top, by said fourth pivot hinge to said interior face of said horizontal bottom, and configured so as to enable said third monitor to be folded through an arc from an extend position in line with said first monitor, toward said second monitor to a position parallel to, and in contact with said second monitor in said first closed position, creating a second closed position;
said second hinged monitor support plate further comprising a plurality of fixtures configured to support said removable keyboard disposed on a face opposite said third monitor;
said removable keyboard comprising a plurality of locking pins disposed so as to penetrate a matching plurality of said support fixtures and create a secure coupling between said keyboard and said second hinged monitor support plate;
a first radio antenna formed with a plurality of facets connected to said radio transceiver antenna port and said counter interference-signal transmitter antenna port being configured to transmit or receive in a radio spectrum between 1 MHz and 6 GHz;
an active positioning antenna connected to said positioning system receiver antenna port;
a second radio antenna connected to said 2.4 GHz transmitter receiver antenna port being configured so as to support a wireless information network;
a third radio antenna connected to said low frequency radio antenna port being configured so as to transmit or receive in a radio spectrum between 30 kHz and 300 kHz;
a wideband ground communication antenna connected to said five-port 10/100/1000 Mb/sec switch and configured so as to receive data feeds from airborne or space-based platforms;
a plurality of client workstations networked to said five-port 10/100/1000 Mb/sec switch;
a command and control software suite comprising a workstation operating system, a server operating system, a plurality of networking applications, a software defined radio application, a plurality of communication applications, a signal interference detection and countering application, a geo location application, a plurality of mapping applications, a mission planning application, a common operating picture application configured so as to identically display relevant information across a plurality of users, a plurality of motion imagery applications, a force tracker application, a plurality of reporting applications, a plurality of graphics display applications, a plurality of graphics editing applications, a terrain modeling application, and a plurality of system security applications.

US Pat. No. 10,178,791

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR SECURING COMPUTING COMPONENTS TO PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A latch apparatus comprising:an L-shaped latch coupled to a frame such that a proximal end of the L-shaped latch secures a computing component to a printed circuit board;
a pivot point coupled to a bend of the L-shaped latch to facilitate a rotation of the L-shaped latch around the pivot point within the frame; and
a spring coupled to the frame to exert a force on the rotation of the L-shaped latch toward a locked position by exerting a force against a protrusion of the L-shaped latch to maintain the locked position of the L-shaped latch.

US Pat. No. 10,178,790

TERMINAL BLOCK FOR AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

1. A terminal block for an electronic device, in which the block can be attached to an electronics housing of the electronic device, the terminal block comprising:at least one base strip comprising a plurality of connector sockets;
a plurality of connector modules configured to be attached to the connector sockets in at least one insertion direction, to be held on the connector sockets in an inserted position, and to be released from the connector sockets to be removed from the at least one base strip; and
a locking device, the locking device comprising:
an actuating part configured to be moved relative to the at least one base strip in an actuation direction; and
a plurality of locking elements that are engaged in a locking manner in mating elements of the connector modules in a locked position such that the connector modules are locked relative to the at least one base strip, counter to the insertion direction,
wherein the actuating part is actuable in the actuation direction to remove the connector modules from the at least one base strip such that the locking of the connector modules relative to the at least one base strip is released when in an actuated state,
wherein at least one of the locking elements of the actuating part or the mating elements of the connector modules each comprise an ejection chamfer that extends obliquely to the insertion direction and which the other element is configured to strike when the actuating part is actuated in the actuation direction, generating an ejection force counter to the insertion direction on the connector modules, and
wherein at least one of the ejection chamfers of the locking elements or of the mating elements are arranged relative to the other elements such that at least some of the ejection chamfers are configured to come into contact with the associated other elements at different times when the actuating part is actuated in the actuation direction.

US Pat. No. 10,178,789

ENCLOSURE MOUNTING SYSTEM

1. An enclosure mounting system, comprising:at least one bracket, the bracket including
a rigid body having first, second, and third parallel surfaces wherein the first and third surfaces are on one plane and the second surface is on a different plane,
the first surface having at least two notches generally disposed at opposite ends of the first surface and a plurality of first surface fastening holes disposed along substantially the entire length of the first surface,
the second surface having at least two slide mounting openings and at least one second surface fastening hole, and
the third surface having a plurality of fastening holes disposed along substantially the entire length of the third surface; and
wherein the bracket is configured to fasten to a wall and to an enclosure while permitting the enclosure to also fasten to the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,178,788

INPUT AND OUTPUT DEVICE WITH FRAME

1. An input and output device for industrial use comprising:a frame that includes a plurality of individual frame sections having connecting surfaces, wherein adjoining connecting surfaces of the plurality of individual frame sections firmly bonded to one another at corners of the frame using a glue joint,
wherein an adhesive gap in a range of 0.05 mm to 0.2 mm is formed between two adjoining frame sections and is filled with adhesive,
wherein the adhesive, as a joining agent, forms a bonding layer which is fully sealed in an area of an external front face and an external peripheral surface of the frame in order to form a fully sealed external front face of the frame and a fully sealed external peripheral surface of the frame, and
wherein the assembled frame includes a continuous central recess configured for an input/output unit to be set in.

US Pat. No. 10,178,787

HEADER FOR MOUNTING A PLANAR TRANSFORMER ON A MOTHERBOARD

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An electronic device comprising:a header including an insulating header body, the insulating header body including an upper mounting surface and a lower mounting surface;
a first substrate mounted to the upper mounting surface, the first substrate including a transformer, the transformer including a core, input electrical windings, and output electrical windings, the input electrical windings and the output electrical windings being isolated;
a second substrate mounted to the lower mounting surface, the second substrate including:
an input circuitry including one or more electrical components in communication with the input electrical windings; and
an output circuitry including one or more electrical components in communication with the output electrical windings;
a first connector provided through the insulating header body, the first substrate, and the second substrate and connecting the input circuitry to the input electrical windings;
a second connector provided through the insulating header body, the first substrate, and the second substrate and connecting the output circuitry to the output windings; wherein the second substrate has a first isolation gap between the input circuitry and the output circuitry;
the first substrate has a second isolation gap between the core and the first connector and between the core and the second connector; and
the insulating header body has an isolation barrier between the core and the input circuitry and between the core and the output circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,178,786

CIRCUIT PACKAGES INCLUDING MODULES THAT INCLUDE AT LEAST ONE INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

Honeywell International I...

1. A circuit package comprising:a first mounting plate defining a first mounting plate major surface comprising a first plurality of module connectors on the first mounting plate major surface, wherein the first plurality of module connectors comprises a first module connector;
a second mounting plate defining a second mounting plate major surface comprising a second plurality of module connectors on the second mounting plate major surface, wherein the second plurality of module connectors comprises a second module connector, wherein the first mounting plate major surface is substantially parallel to and facing the second mounting plate major surface, and wherein the first module connector on the first mounting plate and the second module connector on the second mounting plate are configured to receive and form an electrical connection with a first module comprising a plurality of integrated circuits;
a first sidewall defining a first sidewall major surface and comprising a plurality of sidewall fins extending outward from the first sidewall major surface, wherein the first sidewall is mounted to the first mounting plate and the second mounting plate so that the plurality of sidewall fins are positioned between the first mounting plate major surface and the second mounting plate major surface, and wherein the first module connector and the second module connector are located between a first sidewall fin of the plurality of sidewall fins and a second sidewall fin of the plurality of sidewall fins; and
a second sidewall defining a second sidewall major surface mounted to the first mounting plate and the second mounting plate so the second sidewall major surface major is substantially parallel to and facing the first sidewall major.

US Pat. No. 10,178,785

SPARK PREVENTING ELEMENT FOR PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A spark-preventing element embedded in a printed circuit board comprising an insulation substrate, a solder resistor disposed on the insulation substrate, a ground layer disposed on the insulation substrate, and a signal line, the spark-preventing element comprising:a capacitive output electrode disposed at the same layer as the ground layer;
a capacitive input electrode spaced apart from the capacitive output electrode with an air gap disposed between the capacitive output electrode and the capacitive input electrode, the capacitive input electrode surrounding the capacitive output electrode, the capacitive input electrode being electrically connected to the ground layer of the printed circuit board;
an interlayer conductive member embedded in the insulation substrate of the printed circuit board, the interlayer conductive member electrically connecting the capacitive output electrode to the signal line; and
an interlayer insulation member electrically insulating the capacitive input electrode from the signal line,
wherein the ground layer comprises an upper ground layer disposed on an upper surface of the insulation substrate, a lower ground layer disposed on a lower surface of the insulation substrate, and a ground connector electrically connecting the upper ground layer to the lower ground layer,
wherein the capacitive input electrode is directly connected to the upper ground layer so that the air gap between the capacitive output electrode and the capacitive input electrode is disposed at the same layer as the upper ground layer, and the lower ground layer is disposed at the same layer as the signal line, and
wherein the ground connector is wholly embedded with the insulation substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,178,784

RAIL SEAL FOR ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT ENCLOSURE

Chatsworth Products, Inc....

1. An electronic equipment enclosure comprising:a frame structure comprised of a plurality of interconnected vertical support posts and horizontal cross members;
one or more panels mounted on the frame structure, the frame structure and the one or more panels together defining an enclosed space for electronic equipment, the one or more panels at least including a top panel;
a first separate mounting rail mounted within the enclosed space to at least one of the horizontal cross members of the frame structure;
a second separate mounting rail mounted within the enclosed space to at least one of the horizontal cross members of the frame structure; and
a deflectable seal arranged between the first and second separate mounting rails, at least a portion of the deflectable seal being oriented generally perpendicularly relative to the top panel such that a distal end of the deflectable seal is pressed directly against, and is deflected by, the top panel, thereby providing a horizontal air dam within the enclosed space between the top panel and a structure beneath the top panel.

US Pat. No. 10,178,783

DISPLAY DEVICE

NEC Platforms, Ltd., Kaw...

1. A display device, comprising:a front case comprising a touch panel; and
a rear case comprising a lock unit, which is configured to regulate movement of the front case, and a display unit,
wherein the front case is provided with a protrusion that is formed in a peripheral edge portion of the front case and that is inserted into a guide groove formed in an outer edge portion of the rear case, the front case being brought into contact with the rear case and further moved along the guide groove to be brought into a state where the protrusion is engaged with the guide groove, and
the front case is mounted on the rear case in a state where the lock unit of the rear case is moved from a first position at which the movement of the front case is not regulated, to a second position which is different from the first position and at which the movement of the front case is regulated;
wherein the front case comprises a protruding portion formed in one end portion of the front case, and
wherein, in a state where the lock unit of the rear case is moved from the first position to the second position different from the first position, the protruding portion and the lock unit are at least partially overlapped with each other in a direction in which the front case moves along the guide groove.

US Pat. No. 10,178,782

MECHANICAL HOUSING AND CONNECTOR

VEONEER US, INC., Southf...

1. An electronics module comprising:a baseplate having an upper surface and a lower surface and a mounting ring extending upwardly from the upper surface;
a housing coupled to the mounting ring of the baseplate, the housing defining a bottom surface and a bottom opening and a side opening;
a connector attached to the housing at the side opening of the housing, the connector defining a bottom portion and an upper mating portion, wherein the upper mating portion couples with the housing along the side opening;
wherein the bottom surface of the housing and the bottom surface of the connector face the upper surface of the baseplate;
wherein the housing defines an inner protrusion having an outer surface extending upwardly from the bottom surface of the housing, wherein the outer surface defines a housing plane facing a first direction toward the connector;
wherein the connector defines an outer flange having an inner surface extending upwardly from the bottom surface of the connector, wherein the inner surface defines a connector plane facing a second direction toward the housing, wherein the second direction is opposite the first direction;
wherein the inner surface of the outer flange and the outer surface of the inner protrusion are in direct contact substantially around a perimeter of the inner protrusion and the outer flange to define a sealing plane that extends to bottom surfaces of the inner protrusion and outer flange, wherein the sealing plane is defined by direct contact of the housing plane and the connector plane such that the housing plane and connector plane touch each other and a sealing connection is defined by the direct contact between the housing plane and the connector plane;
wherein the connector includes an upper mating portion and the housing includes a mating portion, wherein an inner surface of the upper mating portion of the connector and an outer surface of the mating portion of the housing directly contact each other around the entire perimeter to define the sealing plane; and
wherein the upper mating portion of the housing and the mating portion of the connector define a flow path between an outer surface of the upper mating portion of the connector and an inner surface of the mating portion of the housing defining a plurality of chicanes to reduce the pressure of water or other liquid that enters the flow path, wherein the plurality of chicanes are disposed outwardly from the sealing plane such that water will flow through the flow path and the chicanes before reaching the sealing plane.

US Pat. No. 10,178,781

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

1. An electronic device, comprising:an electronic circuit that is enclosed in a circuit housing having a first coefficient of thermal expansion, a surface of the circuit housing having at least two roughened areas that are spaced apart from one another with an unroughened area of the surface of the circuit housing therebetween, the at least two roughened areas being formed using a laser to in part break down a molecular structure of the surface of the circuit housing, and
a molded body that surrounds the circuit housing, said molded body formed from molding compound having a second coefficient of thermal expansion that is different from the first coefficient of thermal expansion,
wherein molding compound is fixed to the circuit housing at the at least two roughened areas on the surface of the circuit housing.

US Pat. No. 10,178,780

POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A power converter apparatus comprising:a power module having a power semiconductor element;
a metal base;
a driving circuit board disposed between the power module and the metal base;
a control circuit board fastened at one side of the metal base opposite to the driving circuit board;
a casing holding the power module and being formed integrally with a cooling jacket flowing a cooling liquid; and
a first heat releasing part disposed between the metal base and the driving circuit board, wherein
the first heat releasing part contacts the metal base and the driving circuit board, and the metal base contacts with the casing.

US Pat. No. 10,178,779

DISPLAY APPARATUS

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a display panel having a display area on a front surface;
a printed circuit board (PCB) positioned on a rear surface of the display panel and opposite to the display area;
a rear cover disposed at the rear surface of the display panel; and
a housing supporting at least one of the display panel and the rear cover,
wherein at least one penetrating hole is disposed at the rear cover corresponding to an area of the display panel in which the PCB is disposed.

US Pat. No. 10,178,778

TRANSFERABLE FILM INCLUDING READABLE CONDUCTIVE IMAGE, AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING TRANSFERABLE FILM

Illinois Tool Works Inc.,...

1. A method for providing a transferable film, the method comprising:providing a carrier layer, the carrier layer configured to be releasable from the transferable film temporally proximate to an application of the transferable film to an object; and
adding an intermediate film portion to the carrier layer, the intermediate film portion comprising a readable conductive image portion, the readable conductive image portion comprising at least one of a number, a word, or a bar code formed from conductive material, the intermediate film portion configured to receive an adhesive layer, wherein the intermediate film portion is interposed between the carrier layer and the adhesive layer, the adhesive layer configured to adhere to an object during the application of the transferable film to the object, wherein adding the intermediate film portion comprises applying a graphics layer to at least one of the carrier layer or a layer that has previously been applied to the carrier layer, wherein the graphics layer includes one or more portions that correspond to the readable conductive image portion and provide a target for contact with the readable conductive image portion.

US Pat. No. 10,178,777

CORROSION MITIGATION FOR ETCHED AND/OR PRINTED CIRCUITS

Fractal Antenna Systems, ...

1. A printed circuit board, comprising:a first printed circuit substrate, the first printed circuit substrate comprising a substrate layer and a first conductive circuit trace system utilizing multiple traces connecting components to produce a circuit; and
wherein the circuit includes a shaped portion for which a separation distance between the conductive traces is substantially the same or smaller than the width of a conductive trace;
wherein the shaped portion includes individual shapes that are separated and positioned with respect to the substrate such that the shaped portions are self complementary, wherein the shaped portion and substrate produce a substantially uniform distribution of electrical charge and mitigate the process of trace corrosion and deter the shorting of adjacent planar circuit traces.

US Pat. No. 10,178,776

DIFFERENTIAL SIGNAL LINE WIRING METHOD AND PCB BOARD

ZTE CORPORATION, Shenzhe...

1. A printed circuit board (PCB), comprising:a rectangle-shaped glass fiber fabric; and
a metal layer adhered to a surface of the glass fiber fabric via an adhesive;
wherein the glass fiber fabric is formed of glass fibers which are woven and interlaced with each other, with the adhesive filled between the glass fibers;
wherein a differential signal line pair is formed on the metal layer, and extends along a size direction of the glass fiber fabric;
wherein, in the size direction of the glass fiber fabric, the glass fiber fabric comprises glass fiber units, the number of which is equal to a glass fiber bundle number, and each of the glass fiber unit comprises glass fibers in the size direction of the glass fiber fabric and the adhesive;
wherein a line distance between differential signal lines in the differential signal line pair and line widths of the differential signal lines are determined according to a width of each glass fiber unit;
wherein the size direction of the glass fiber fabric comprises a length direction or a width length of the glass fiber fabric;
wherein differential signal lines formed by wiring offsetting are disposed on the metal layer;
wherein an offset width between two adjacent wirings of the differential signal line pair is determined according to the width of the glass fiber unit;
wherein the offset width meets the following formula:
X2=(a+½)*X, a=0, ±1, ±2, ±3, ±4 . . . n, wherein n is a positive integer greater than 4, X2 is the offset width, and X is the width of each glass fiber unit; and
wherein the value of a is different for each calculation the offset width.

US Pat. No. 10,178,775

COPPER FOIL PROVIDED WITH CARRIER, LAMINATE, PRINTED WIRING BOARD, AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING PRINTED WIRING BOARD

1. A copper foil provided with a carrier comprising, in order, a carrier, an intermediate layer, and an ultrathin copper layer, wherein at least one of the following (i-a) to (iii-a) is satisfied:(i-a) when a surface of the carrier facing away from the ultrathin copper layer is measured using a laser microscope based on JIS B0601-1994, a ten point average roughness Rz of the surface is 6.0 pm or less; (ii-a) when a surface of the carrier facing away from the ultrathin copper layer is measured using a laser microscope based on JIS B0601-1994, an arithmetic average roughness Ra of the surface is 1.0 pm or less; (iii-a) when a surface of the carrier facing away from the ultrathin copper layer is measured using a laser microscope based on JIS B0601-2001, a maximum cross-sectional height Rt in a roughness curve of the surface is 7.0 ?m or less.

US Pat. No. 10,178,774

CERAMIC ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A ceramic electronic component comprising:a component main body; and
a conductive external terminal electrode provided along a principal surface of the component main body such that the ceramic electronic component is capable of being mounted on a mounting board with the conductive external terminal electrode electrically connected to the mounting board; wherein
the conductive external terminal electrode includes a peripheral portion and a center portion surrounded by the peripheral portion, the peripheral portion includes a first portion and a second portion that is disposed further from the center portion in a direction along the principal surface of the component main body than the first portion, a thickness of the first portion is larger than a thickness of the center portion, a thickness of the second portion is smaller than a thickness of the first portion, and at least a portion of the peripheral portion is buried in the component main body;
the thickness of the center portion, the thickness of the first portion, and the thickness of the second portion are thicknesses of the conductive external terminal electrode in a direction that is perpendicular to the principal surface of the component main body;
the peripheral portion of the conductive external terminal electrode includes a first surface that is closest to the principal surface of the component main body and a second surface that is opposite to the first surface;
from a thickest portion of the peripheral portion of the conductive external terminal electrode towards an end portion of the peripheral portion of the conductive external terminal electrode, a distance between the principal surface of the component main body and the second surface of the peripheral portion decreases continuously along an entire portion of the conductive external terminal electrode from the thickest portion to the end portion; and
the ceramic electronic component further comprises an electrically insulating coating layer arranged along the principal surface of the component main body so as to cover at least a portion of the peripheral portion of the conductive external terminal electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,178,773

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A METAL PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

INKTEC CO., LTD., Ansan-...

1. A method for manufacturing a metal printed circuit board, the method comprising:preparing a release film;
printing a circuit pattern on the release film, wherein the printing comprises: printing the circuit pattern using a metal paste and using a gravure printing method, a flexo printing method, an offset printing method, a screen printing method, a rotary screen printing method, or an inkjet printing method;
applying a liquid-phased coating solution for a heat conductive insulating layer on the circuit pattern to form the heat conductive insulating layer covering the circuit pattern entirely, wherein the liquid-phased coating solution for the heat conductive insulating layer is a thermosetting coating resin ink including a resin and heat conductive particles, and applied by an S-knife coating method, a gravure coating method, a flexo coating method, a screen coating method, a rotary screen coating method, a slot die coating method, or a micro gravure coating method;
laminating a heat conductive base layer on the heat conductive insulating layer, wherein the heat conductive insulating layer is in a semi-cured state, wherein the heat conductive base layer is a hot-rolled steel sheet, a cold-rolled steel sheet, an aluminum plate, a zinc plating plate, a copper plate, a stainless plate, a tin plating plate, a brass plate, or a resin-coated steel plate; and
hot pressing the laminated heat conductive base layer, the heat conductive insulating layer, the circuit pattern and the release film to form a hot-pressed laminate; and
removing the release film from the hot-pressed laminate to expose the circuit pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,178,772

CONTROLLABLE CONSTANT CURRENT SUPPLY INTEGRATED CIRCUITS FOR DRIVING DENSE ARRAYS

4233999 CANADA INC., Wes...

1. A controllable level current source driver integrated circuit for powering a high density array of devices in which each device is to be powered by a corresponding variable level of current, said integrated circuit comprising a number of registers for providing gate signals, the integrated circuit comprising:a number of controllable current sources provided on an integrated circuit associated with the high density array of devices, each controllable current source corresponding to a device of said high density array of devices,
said current sources each having at least 8 weighted field-effect transistors connected for combined constant current output and controlled directly by gate signals provided by an output of one of said registers defining a variable level of current to be supplied by said current source, wherein said field-effect transistors have source and drain areas proportional to their corresponding weighted current values.

US Pat. No. 10,178,771

CIRCUIT BOARD, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A circuit board comprising:a base substrate having a top surface, wherein the base substrate comprises glass;
at least three bonding pads protruding from the top surface of the base substrate;
a circuit device corresponding to the at least three bonding pads, the circuit device including at least three pins facing towards the base substrate; and
a support positioned on the base substrate among the at least three bonding pads, the circuit device positioned on and supported by the support, and the at least three pins of the circuit device connected with corresponding ones of the at least three bonding pads via bonding wires soldered to the bonding pads.

US Pat. No. 10,178,770

HIGHER DENSITY MULTI-COMPONENT AND SERIAL PACKAGES

KEMET Electronics Corpora...

1. A high density multi-component package comprising:at least two electronic components wherein each electronic component of said electronic components comprises a first external termination and a second external termination;
at least one first adhesive between adjacent first external terminations of adjacent electronic components;
at least one second adhesive between said adjacent electronic components;
wherein at least two said adjacent electronic components are connected serially; and
wherein said first adhesive and said second adhesive are independently selected from a high temperature conductive adhesive and a high temperature insulating adhesive.

US Pat. No. 10,178,769

BONDED ASSEMBLY AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A bonded assembly comprising:a first electronic component comprising a first substrate and a plurality of first electrodes disposed in a pressed area at a first height from a surface of the first substrate;
a second electronic component comprising a second substrate and a plurality of second electrodes disposed at a second height from a surface of the second substrate, the second electronic component being disposed on the first electronic component such that a second electrode overlaps a corresponding first electrode and faces the first electrode;
a conductive bonding layer disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode and configured to bond the first electrode and the second electrode; and
at least one spacer disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate to overlap the pressed area, the at least one spacer having a thickness that is greater than a sum of the first height and the second height,
wherein:
the pressed area has four sides; and
at each position corresponding to each of the four sides of the pressed area, the at least one spacer comprises a plurality of spacers that are separated from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,178,768

MOUNTING SUBSTRATE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A MOUNTING SUBSTRATE, AND MOUNTED STRUCTURE INCLUDING AN ELECTRONIC COMPONENT

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A mounting substrate comprising:a substrate having a front surface;
a first connection electrode and a second connection electrode formed at an interval on the front surface of the substrate, and each having a facing surface facing each other across a facing region separating the facing surfaces of the first and second connection electrodes, and the first and second connection electrodes to be electrically connected to an electronic component;
a resist film formed on the front surface of the substrate so as to cover a peripheral edge portion of the first connection electrode and a peripheral edge portion of the second connection electrode, and including an uneven portion formed in the facing region so as to selectively cover and expose the facing surfaces of the first and second connection electrodes and having different lengths in a facing direction of the first and second connection electrodes when viewed in plan;
a first conductive bonding material arranged on the first connection electrode and to be connected to the electronic component;
a second conductive bonding material arranged on the second connection electrode and to be connected to the electronic component; first recess portions each defined by the uneven portion of the resist film along the facing surface of the first connection electrode, and each receiving an excess portion of the first conductive bonding material that flows out from the first connection electrode due to melting flows; and
second recess portions each defined by the uneven portion of the resist film along the facing surface of the second connection electrode, and each receiving an excess portion of the second conductive bonding material that flows out from the second connection electrode due to melting flows.

US Pat. No. 10,178,766

STRETCHABLE CABLE AND STRETCHABLE CIRCUIT BOARD

1. A stretchable cable comprising:a sheet-shaped base material exhibiting elasticity; and
a wiring formed on one surface of the base material and exhibiting elasticity, wherein
the wiring is made of a conductive composition containing elastomer and a conductive filler filling the elastomer, and
the conductive filler includes a dendrite-shaped conductive filler, a particle size of the dendrite-shaped conductive filler being in a range of equal to or greater than 1 ?m and equal to or smaller than 20 ?m, the dendrite-shaped conductive filler comprising at least one of copper, silver, silver-coated copper and gold-coated copper, wherein the conductive filler further includes a coil-shaped conductive filler, a conductor diameter of the coil-shaped conductive filler being in a range of equal to or greater than 5 um and equal to or smaller than 30 um, a coil outer diameter of the coil-shaped conductive filler being equal to or smaller than 150 um, a pitch of the coil-shaped conductive filler being in a range of equal to or greater than 10 um and equal to or smaller than 150 um, a coil length of the coil-shaped conductive filler being equal to or smaller than 1 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,178,765

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND FLEXIBLE DEVICE

Lenovo (Beijing) Co., Ltd...

1. A flexible device, comprising:a first sliding shaft;
a second sliding shaft;
a middle sliding shaft group, comprising a plurality of middle sliding shafts; and
a connecting member group, the middle sliding shaft group being movably connected to the first sliding shaft and the second sliding shaft by the connecting member group;
wherein the flexible device is bendable along an extending direction of the middle sliding shaft group, and a bent portion formed after bending the flexible device is of an arc-shaped structure;
wherein the bent portion comprises M sliding shafts, and an external tangent surface of the M sliding shafts is an arc-shaped surface;
wherein in the case that the M sliding shafts forms the arc-shaped structure, sliding shafts at a first side of each of the M sliding shafts are stationary with respect to each other, and the sliding shafts at a second side of each of the M sliding shafts are stationary with respect to each other;
wherein two ends of the connecting member group are respectively sleeved on the first sliding shaft and the second sliding shaft, and a middle portion of the connecting member group is sleeved on the middle sliding shaft group;
wherein the connecting member group comprises:
a first connecting member having five mounting holes distributed in a first direction, wherein the mounting hole in the middle is a first mounting hole, four mounting holes at two sides each are a second mounting hole; the first mounting hole enables a sliding shaft in cooperation with the first mounting hole to rotate about an axis of the sliding shaft, and enables the sliding shaft to slide along a direction perpendicular to the first direction; the second mounting hole enables a sliding shaft in cooperation with the second mounting hole to rotate about an axis of the sliding shaft, and
a second connecting member having five mounting holes distributed in a second direction, wherein the mounting hole in the middle is a third mounting hole, and two mounting holes directly adjacent to the third mounting hole are each a fourth mounting hole, and two mounting holes at two ends are each a fifth mounting hole; the third mounting hole enables a sliding shaft in cooperation with the third mounting hole to rotate about an axis of the sliding shaft, and enables the sliding shaft to slide along a direction perpendicular to the second direction; the fourth mounting hole enables a sliding shaft in cooperation with the fourth mounting hole to rotate about an axis of the sliding shaft, and enables the sliding shaft to slide along the second direction; the fifth mounting hole enables a sliding shaft in cooperation with the fifth mounting hole to rotate about an axis of the sliding shaft; and
wherein the first connecting members are connected end-to-end in order in an arrangement direction of the middle sliding shaft group, and form a first connecting member group; the second connecting members are connected end-to-end in order along the arrangement direction of the middle sliding shaft group, and form a second connecting member group; and the first mounting hole and the fifth mounting hole are sleeved on a same sliding shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,178,764

PCB OPTICAL ISOLATION BY NONUNIFORM CATCH PAD STACK

Waymo LLC, Mountain View...

1. A Printed Circuit Board (PCB) having a first side, a second side configured to be coupled to an enclosure by way of a gasket disposed between the PCB and the enclosure, and a light sensor connected to the second side such that the light sensor is configured to sense light incident on the light sensor through an aperture in the enclosure, the PCB comprising:a via extending through at least one layer of the PCB;
a first catch pad connected to the via and located within a first metal layer of the PCB, wherein the first catch pad has a first size; and
a second catch pad connected to the via and located within a second metal layer of the PCB, wherein the second catch pad has a second size greater than the first size, and wherein the second catch pad overlaps horizontally with a portion of a metallic feature in the first metal layer, and wherein, by overlapping horizontally with the portion of the metallic feature in the first metal layer, the second catch pad obstructs light incident on a first side of the PCB from transmission through a region of dielectric material near the via to the light sensor connected to the second side of the PCB.

US Pat. No. 10,178,763

WARPAGE MITIGATION IN PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLIES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A printed circuit board (PCB) assembly for warpage mitigation, comprising:a PCB; and
an interposer disposed on the PCB, wherein the interposer has a first face and an opposing second face, the first face is disposed between the second face and the PCB, conductive contacts are disposed at the second face, solder is disposed on the conductive contacts, the interposer includes a first heater trace proximate to the conductive contacts, and, when a first power is dissipated in the first heater trace, the first heater trace is to generate heat to cause the solder disposed on the conductive contacts to melt;
wherein a second heater trace is embedded in the PCB, and the second heater trace extends around a footprint of the interposer.

US Pat. No. 10,178,762

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING DIFFERENTIAL DATA SIGNALS

LEONI Kabel Holding GmbH,...

1. An apparatus for signal transmission for differential data signals, comprising:a printed circuit board having a conductor pair with two signal conductors for transmitting the differential data signals, and a decoupling line associated with said conductor pair, said decoupling line being insulated from said conductor pair and running symmetrically and without interruption in relation to said two signal conductors, said printed circuit board further having a ground conductor and at least one attenuating element, said decoupling line being connected to said ground conductor via said at least one attenuating element such that a common mode signal component is at least in part outputted to said decoupling line, and attenuated, during operation; and
said two signal conductors being at a distance from one another that is increased in a region of said at least one attenuating element, so that said at least one attenuating element is disposed symmetrically between said two signal conductors.

US Pat. No. 10,178,761

DEFECTED GROUND STRUCTURE TO MINIMIZE EMI RADIATION

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. An apparatus comprising:a multiple-layer circuit board having a signaling layer, an exterior layer, and a ground layer;
a pair of differential signal lines implemented as strip lines within the signaling layer, which propagate electromagnetic interference (EMI) along the signaling layer;
an element conductively extending inwards from the exterior layer, which as an antenna radiates the EMI propagated by the strip lines along the signaling layer outwards from the circuit board;
a defected ground structure within the ground layer and having a size, shape, and location in relation to the element to suppress the EMI propagated by the strip lines to minimize the EMI that the element radiates outwards as the antenna, wherein the shape of the defected ground structure is a square bracket shape having a first edge and a second edge parallel to one another, and a third edge perpendicular to the first edge and the second edge and connecting corresponding ends of the first edge and the second edge.

US Pat. No. 10,178,760

FLEXIBLE CABLE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH THE SAME

SK hynix Inc., Icheon-si...

1. A flexible cable comprising: a flexible substrate having a first surface and a second surface that are on opposite sides of the flexible substrate; a first conductive line formed on the first surface of the flexible substrate, and structured to transmit a signal having a first frequency; a second conductive line formed on the first surface of the flexible substrate, and structured to transmit a signal having a second frequency lower than the first frequency; and a ground line formed on the second surface of the flexible substrate, and comprising a first region overlapping the first conductive line and a second region overlapping the second conductive line, wherein the first and second regions have different shapes, wherein the first region has a mesh shape, and the second region has a plane shape.

US Pat. No. 10,178,759

BOARD APPARATUS

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A board apparatus including a printed circuit board, the board apparatus comprising:an electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) filter disposed on the printed circuit board and filtering EMC;
an inverter disposed on the printed circuit board and supplying a three-phase alternating current (AC) signal to a motor;
a first ground wiring disposed on one surface of the printed circuit board and connecting between the EMC filter and a first ground supply;
a second ground wiring disposed on the other surface of the printed circuit board and connecting between the inverter and a second ground supply;
a switch selectively interrupting a connection between the first ground wiring and the second ground wiring,
wherein the switch is disposed in an overlapped region between the first ground wiring and the second ground wiring, and includes a bolt which penetrates through the printed circuit board, a nut which is in contact with the second ground wiring and is coupled to a screw of the bolt; and
an insulating member which is disposed between a head of the bolt and the first ground wiring, wherein each of the bolt and the nut is formed of a conductive material, and wherein the insulating member insulates between the bolt and the nut.

US Pat. No. 10,178,758

PRINTED WIRING BOARD AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPO...

1. A printed wiring board comprising:a digital circuit;
an analog circuit;
a power supply path disposed on an insulating layer between the digital circuit and the analog circuit; and
a plurality of open stub electromagnetic band gap structures disposed on the insulating layer, on which the power supply path is disposed, at an end of a bridge section in a power supply plane,
wherein each of the plurality of open stub electromagnetic band gap structures comprises one end connected to the power supply path, and another end in an open state, and
wherein each of the plurality of open stub electromagnetic band gap structures does not have a via connected to another layer.

US Pat. No. 10,178,757

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (EMI) COMPARTMENT SHIELDING FOR COMPONENTS DISPOSED INSIDE OF SYSTEM ELECTRONIC PACKAGES

Avago Technologies Intern...

1. A system module package comprising:a substrate;
a first compartment having a first set of electrical components disposed on a top surface of the substrate, the first set of electrical components including at least a first electrical component;
a second set of electrical components disposed on the top surface of the substrate in a second compartment that is external to the first compartment, the second set of electrical components including at least a second electrical component; and
a compartment electromagnetic interference (EMI) shield comprising a conductive fence and a substantially horizontal conductive structure, the substantially horizontal conductive structure being electrically coupled to the conductive fence, the conductive fence extending along a compartment boundary at least in between the first and second sets of electrical components and extending substantially normal to the top surface of the substrate, the substantially horizontal conductive structure being substantially parallel to the top surface of the substrate and being disposed above the top surface of the substrate, and wherein the compartment EMI shield is configured to attenuate EMI of a frequency of interest traveling in at least one of a first direction from the first set of electrical components toward the second set of electrical components and a second direction from the second set of electrical components toward the first set of electrical components.

US Pat. No. 10,178,756

MULTIFUNCTIONAL COMPOSITE COATINGS FOR METAL WHISKER MITIGATION

1. A conductive component comprising:a metal layer formed from a whisker-forming material; and
a conformal coating disposed on at least a portion of the metal layer, wherein the coating further comprises:
a matrix comprised of one or more polymers; and
a plurality of externally alignable metallic particles embedded in the matrix, wherein an average projection of a particle director, which is a unit vector, normal to a surface of the metal layer is greater than about 0.8.

US Pat. No. 10,178,755

CIRCUIT BOARD STACKED STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR FORMING THE SAME

UNIMICRON TECHNOLOGY CORP...

1. A circuit board, comprising:a first dielectric layer;
a first circuit layer disposed in the first dielectric layer;
a second circuit layer disposed on the first dielectric layer;
a plurality of conductive vias disposed in the first dielectric layer and connecting the first circuit layer to the second circuit layer;
a second dielectric layer disposed on the first dielectric layer and the second circuit layer and having a plurality of openings to expose a plurality of parts of the second circuit layer;
a patterned seed layer disposed on the exposed parts of the second circuit layer and sidewalls of the openings; and
a plurality of bonding layers respectively disposed on the patterned seed layer, wherein the bonding layers and the patterned seed layer are made of copper, and the bonding layers are porous.

US Pat. No. 10,178,754

CIRCUIT BOARD MODULE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

OMRON AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRON...

1. A circuit board module comprising:a first electronic component of a surface mounting type;
a second electronic component of an insertion mounting type comprising a lead terminal;
a circuit board which has a penetrating hole into which the lead terminal is inserted, and on which the first electronic component and the second electronic component are mounted; and
a heat transfer body provided in the circuit board,
wherein the first electronic component is mounted on a front surface of the circuit board so as to overlap the heat transfer body in a board thickness direction of the circuit board,
wherein the heat transfer body is provided so as to transfer heat generated in the first electronic component to a back surface side of the circuit board,
wherein the second electronic component is mounted on a back surface of the circuit board by inserting the lead terminal into the penetrating hole from the back surface side of the circuit board, and
wherein the second electronic component and the heat transfer body are thermally connected to a heat radiation body provided on the back surface side of the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,178,753

MICRO-STRUCTURED ATOMIC SOURCE SYSTEM

Honeywell International I...

1. A micro-structured atomic source system, comprising:a dielectric diaphragm including a heater configured to heat an atomic source substance to generate a flux of atoms;
a substrate located adjacent to the dielectric diaphragm, wherein the substrate includes a channel having sidewalls;
an intermediary material including a chamber with an opening, wherein the chamber is configured to receive the atomic source substance; and
a guide material partially covering the opening of the chamber to direct the flux of atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,178,752

MEASUREMENT BY ATOMIC INTERFEROMETRY WITH MULTIPLE SPECIES OF ATOMS

1. A method of measurement by atomic interferometry, in which each session of measurements is executed with at least two sets of atoms each subjected to conditions of formation of an atomic interference,the atoms of each set of atoms being of a species dedicated to said set of atoms and different from the species of atoms of each other set of atoms,
method in which, for each session of measurements, said conditions are produced for each set of atoms throughout a volume that is associated with said set of atoms and that contains at least one point in common with the volume associated with each other set of atoms, and are produced between a start time point and an end time point respectively before and after an intermediate time point that is common to all the sets of atoms,
and in which a measurement result is obtained in each session of measurements independently for each set of atoms, each measurement result varying according to a first function of a phase shift that appeared for the set of atoms during the formation of the atomic interference, and said phase shift itself being a second function of an external parameter a value of which is sought,
said first function being alternately increasing and decreasing for at least a first of the sets of atoms so that a measurement result that is obtained for said first set of atoms corresponds to several possible values of the external parameter within a non-zero exploration interval, and
said second function having, for at least one other of the sets of atoms different from said first set of atoms, a derivative with respect to the value of the external parameter, that depends on at least one factor selected from a base time for a sequence of interactions between the atoms and photons, and a number of photons involved in a multiphoton interaction, said sequence of interactions or said multiphoton interaction being implemented in order to form the atomic interference of said other set of atoms,
wherein a value of the factor is selected in order to carry out a session of measurements, so that the measurement result that is obtained for said other set of atoms corresponds to a single value of the external parameter within the exploration interval, so that an indetermination between several values of the external parameter that exists from the measurement result obtained for the first set of atoms, is eliminated by correlation with the measurement result obtained for said other set of atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,178,751

IGNITION PLUG

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. An ignition plug comprising:a rod-shaped center electrode that extends along an axial line from a front side to a rear side;
a cylindrical insulator that surrounds at least a circumference of a front end portion of the center electrode and that includes a bottom portion at the front side; and
a cylindrical metal shell that holds an outer circumference side of the insulator,
wherein the center electrode includes;
a shaft portion that extends along the axial line, and
a head portion that is disposed at a front end of the shaft portion and that has a width greater than that of the shaft portion in a radial direction of the center electrode, and
wherein the insulator includes;
a first insulator that has an axial hole in which the shaft portion is disposed and has a diameter smaller than a maximum diameter of the head portion, and
a second insulator that is joined to the first insulator and that encloses the head portion.

US Pat. No. 10,178,750

HIGH POWER DC NON TRANSFERRED STEAM PLASMA TORCH SYSTEM

PYROGENESIS CANADA INC., ...

1. A plasma torch assembly, comprising an electrode assembly for igniting the plasma torch assembly, a gas delivery system adapted to feed gas to the electrode assembly, a cooling system adapted to cool the electrode assembly, and a steam delivery system adapted for injecting steam directly into a plasma plume, wherein the electrode assembly for igniting the plasma torch assembly includes a conical cathode, a tubular ignition electrode and a tubular anode, and wherein steam is adapted to be injected between the tubular ignition electrode and the tubular anode.

US Pat. No. 10,178,749

DC-DC ELECTRICAL TRANSFORMER

TIBBAR PLASMA TECHNOLOGIE...

1. An apparatus comprising:a chamber configured to contain plasma;
at least two input electrodes disposed at least partially within the chamber and configured to receive a first direct current into the chamber, wherein the at least two input electrodes are configured to direct the first direct current to induce motion in the plasma, thereby to transform the first direct current; and
at least two output electrodes extending from the chamber, wherein the at least two output electrodes are configured to conduct a second direct current from the chamber based on the induced motion in the plasma.

US Pat. No. 10,178,748

X-RAY SPOT STABILITY

Moxtek, Inc., Orem, UT (...

1. An x-ray tube comprising:a. an anode that is electrically-conductive and that includes a target material configured for production and emission of x-rays in response to impinging electrons;
b. an x-ray window, spaced apart from the target material of the anode and located to allow transmission of the x-rays through the x-ray window and out of the x-ray tube;
c. a cathode, electrically insulated from the anode, and having an electron-emitter capable of emitting electrons towards the target material on the anode;
d. the target material having a target displacement less than 60 micrometers, where the target displacement is a displacement of the target material, towards the electron-emitter, along a longitudinal-axis of the anode, from x-ray powered-off state to stable operation at 40 watts, based on elongation of the anode;
e. an electrical-insulator encircling the anode and electrically insulating the cathode from the anode;
f. a heatsink attached to the electrical-insulator; and
g. a straight-line path from an inside of the electrical-insulator, proximate the anode, through the electrical-insulator, through the heatsink to an outer-surface of the heatsink, passes only through materials having a coefficient of thermal conductivity of at least 2.0 W/m*K.

US Pat. No. 10,178,747

SYSTEM FOR LANDSCAPE LIGHTING CUSTOMIZATION AND COMMUNICATION

Chien Luen Industries Co....

1. A communication system for controlling landscape lights, comprising:a transformer connected to a power source;
a plurality of landscape lights mounted at different locations being powered through the transformer; and
a computer controller wired between the transformer and the plurality of landscape lights, the controller for providing power to and for controlling operation of each of the landscape lights, the computer controller having a wireless receiver for receiving a schedule transmitted from a remote digital device, wherein the plurality of landscape lights includes a plurality of separate zones of landscape lights, each zone having at least one landscape light, and all of the zones are hardwired in series with the power source, and each zone is separately hardwired in parallel with the computer controller.

US Pat. No. 10,178,746

CONFIGURABLE LIGHTING SYSTEM

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A light fixture, comprising:a first light emitting diode (LED) array having one or more LED light sources;
a second LED array having one or more LED light sources;
a power circuit configured to provide power to the first LED array and the second LED array according to a power distribution among the first LED array and the second LED array;
one or more control devices, the one or more control devices configured to control the power circuit to adjust the power distribution among the first LED array and the second LED array based at least in part on a signal indicating presence of the user in or near the space, a signal indicative of a real time clock, and a signal indicative of a defined light profile associated with a user present in or near a space illuminated by the light fixture.

US Pat. No. 10,178,745

METHOD OF CHARGING A LIGHT BULB

Hall Labs LLC, Provo, UT...

1. A method of charging a light bulb comprising:detecting with a processor and memory in the light bulb that a battery within the light bulb is below a predetermined battery state-of-charge threshold;
providing an external switch device powered by an external power source coupled with the processor and the battery;
sending a wireless signal from a wireless transceiver within the light bulb to the switch device to supply power to the battery within the light bulb when the battery within the light bulb is below the predetermined battery state-of-charge threshold;
and charging the battery within the light bulb via the switch device and external power source.

US Pat. No. 10,178,744

STREET LIGHT MANAGEMENT METHOD AND APPARATUS

GIGATERA INC., Hwaseong-...

1. A street light management method, comprising:receiving from a server at predetermined intervals and updating at least one of information about a node that is at least one street light, information about a gateway that communicates with the node and the server, and information about a communication channel between the node and the gateway;
displaying the node at a corresponding position on a digital map displayed on a screen using position information included in the information about the node;
displaying the gateway at a corresponding position on the digital map using position information included in the information about the gateway;
displaying corresponding information in at least one of information display windows on the screen according to the received information or a user operation;
in response to at least one selection, in a predetermined filter window by the user operation, of one or more criteria comprising (i) at least one state of an on state, an off state, and an error state of the street light lamp of the node, (ii) a setting of a dimming value of the street light lamp of the node, and (iii) a selection of at least one of a mode of turning on/off the street light lamp of the node at a predetermined time, a mode of turning on/off the street light lamp of the node at each predetermined time zone, and a mode of adjusting a dimming value of the street light lamp of the node at a predetermined time in control mode setting information of the node, displaying the node only when the node meets the selected one or more criteria at the corresponding location in the digital map;
receiving a user input instructing to change at least one state of the node; and
transmitting a command to the gateway according to the received input, wherein the command instructs the gateway to change at least one state of the node according to the user input,
wherein the method further comprises:
setting whether to display at least one of the node and the gateway in a digital map option window according to a user operation,
wherein at least one of the node and the gateway is displayed on the screen according to the setting of whether to display at least one of the node and the gateway,
wherein the digital map option window includes a tree structure window displaying the gateway, the communication channel, and the node as a tree structure according to a connection relationship in which the communication channel is set as a sub-component of the gateway, and the node is set as a sub-component of the communication channel, and
the street light management method further comprises displaying the gateway at the corresponding position on the digital map when the gateway displayed in the tree structure window is selected according to a user operation, and
displaying the node at the corresponding position on the digital map when the communication channel and the node displayed in the tree structure window are selected according to a user operation.

US Pat. No. 10,178,743

PORTABLE ELECTRIC LAMP WITH A SYSTEM OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Zedel, Crolles (FR)

1. A portable lamp comprisinga light source for generating at least one light beam;
a control module for controlling a brightness and a geometry of said light beam;
a battery for supplying said light source;
a light sensor for measuring the brightness of said light source;
first bidirectional wireless communication circuits for exchanging commands, parameters and/or configuration data with at least one mobile information handling system, comprising:
a receiving unit for establishing a downlink communication channel for transmitting said commands, parameters and/or configuration data to the lamp;
a transmitting unit for establishing an uplink communication channel for the transmission of commands, parameters and/or lamp configuration data to said mobile information handling system
wherein the uplink communication channel is configured to receive values representative of measured brightness, the mobile information handling system is configured to determine a brightness and a proper diffusion coefficient to use, and the downlink communication channel is configured to transmit commands for controlling and adjusting the brightness and the diffusion coefficient.

US Pat. No. 10,178,742

LED DRIVING APPARATUS AND LIGHTING APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A light emitting diode (LED) driving apparatus comprising:a first circuit connected to a primary winding of a transformer, and configured to receive input power and transfer the input power to the primary winding of the transformer, the first circuit comprising a boost converter;
a second circuit connected to a secondary winding of the transformer to generate output power for driving a plurality of LEDs, the second circuit comprising a switch and a buck converter; and
a controller comprising:
a control circuit configured to control the switch of the second circuit to selectively apply the output power to the plurality of LEDs; and
a power detection circuit configured to compare a magnitude of the input power with a predetermined reference power magnitude range and transmit a first control command to the control circuit via an isolation circuit, in response to determining that the magnitude of the input power is outside the predetermined reference power magnitude range,
wherein the isolation circuit is configured to connect the power detection circuit to the control circuit, and
wherein the switch of the second circuit is configured to operate based on the first control command.

US Pat. No. 10,178,741

PROACTIVE IMAGE OBFUSCATION

International Business Ma...

1. A privacy protection system, comprising:an infrared light source comprising at least an infrared light emitter, the infrared light source embedded in a wearable device;
a hardware processor coupled to the infrared light source;
a memory device coupled to the hardware processor and storing current context associated with the wearable device;
the hardware processor operable to capture user privacy preference,
the hardware processor further operable to retrieve the current context from the memory device,
the hardware processor further operable to determine automatically based on the current context meeting the user privacy preference, whether to activate the infrared light source to emit infrared light or deactivate the infrared light source to stop emitting infrared light,
responsive to the hardware processor determining that the infrared light source is to be activated, the hardware processor controlling the infrared light source to emit the infrared light,
responsive to the hardware processor determining that the infrared light source is to be deactivated, the hardware processor controlling the infrared light source to stop emitting the infrared light,
the hardware processor further operable to recommend user rules for activation and deactivation based on contextual information learned from historical data from user's profile, wherein the hardware processor deactivates the infrared light source device periodically and during the period the infrared light source is deactivated, scans for a presence of external infrared light with in a threshold distance of the wearable device, and
responsive to determining that the external infrared light is present within the threshold distance of the wearable device, the hardware processor deactivating the infrared light source so that the infrared light source does not emit infrared light from the wearable device while the external infrared light is present within the threshold distance of the wearable device.

US Pat. No. 10,178,740

ROAD LIGHTING

PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING ...

1. A system comprising:one or more road-side illumination sources arranged to emit illumination to illuminate at least part of a road;
one or more detectors arranged to detect a value of one or more parameters of a vehicle travelling on said road, the one or more parameters comprising a type of the vehicle;
a controller arranged to control the illumination emitted by the one or more illumination sources, wherein the controller is configured to adapt said illumination in dependence on the detected value or values of said one or more parameters, wherein the one or more detected parameters comprise at least a detection of a control type of the vehicle, the value of the control type being detected from amongst a set comprising two or more of: manually driven vehicle, assisted vehicle, and/or autonomous vehicle;
wherein the controller is configured to apply one or more illumination settings designed for an artificial light or image sensor of the vehicle in case of detecting that the vehicle is an autonomous vehicle, and to apply one or more illumination settings designed for the human visual system in case of detecting that the vehicle is a manually controlled vehicle; and,
wherein the one or more parameters further comprises an attribute of one or more users of the vehicle, and wherein said attribute of the one or more users comprises an identity of one or more users of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,178,739

ASSIGNING CONTROLLABLE LUMINAIRE DEVICES TO CONTROL GROUPS

Zumtobel Lighting Inc., ...

1. A method for automatically assigning a controllable luminaire device to a control group for commonly controlling controllable luminaire devices assigned to the control group, the method comprising:determining a sensor value from a sensor unit assigned to the controllable luminaire device, and
assigning the controllable luminaire device to the control group based on the sensor value,
wherein the sensor value relates to a group of sensor value types, comprising:
a movement value,
an orientation value with respect to the geomagnetic poles,
an acceleration value, and
an ambient air pressure value.

US Pat. No. 10,178,738

INTELLIGENT DIMMING LIGHTING

Universal Display Corpora...

1. A luminaire comprising:a communication module configured to receive a first signal from a first external device, the first signal indicating a direction of a gaze of a user, wherein the first external device is external to the luminaire;
at least one illumination source; and
a controller configured to control the illumination source based upon the first signal and based upon a second signal received from a second external device that is physically separate from the first external device and is external to the luminaire, wherein the second external device is a light sensor which is communicatively coupled to the communication module, and the second signal indicates that a level of illumination in an area exceeds a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,178,737

MONITORING OCCUPANCY OF A DESKTOP WITH A DESKTOP APPARATUS

Enlighted, Inc., Sunnyva...

1. A desktop apparatus, comprising:an occupancy sensor, wherein the occupancy sensor operates to sense occupancy proximate to the desktop apparatus;
a mobile device charging interface;
a controller, wherein the controller operates to determine occupancy of a desktop based on the sensed occupation, and wherein the controller operates to communicate the determined occupancy to an upstream network;
a structure, wherein the occupancy sensor, the mobile device charging interface, and an interface to the upstream network are disposed within the structure as a single unit; and
wherein the structure is adapted to be placed on or affixed to the desktop;
wherein the desktop apparatus, a plurality of building fixtures, and a plurality of other desktop apparatuses form a wireless network, and wherein the plurality of building fixtures communicate sensed information and the plurality of other desktop apparatuses also communicate a sensed occupancy to the upstream network;
wherein the upstream network operates to identify users that occupy one or more desktops associated with at least one of the desktop apparatus or the other desktop apparatuses;
wherein the upstream network operates to communicate with at least one of the identified users through a mobile device of the at least one identified user; and
wherein the upstream network operates to direct the at least one identified user to one or more specific desktops.

US Pat. No. 10,178,736

LIGHT EMITTING APPARATUS AND OPTICAL TRANSMITTING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A light emitting apparatus comprising:a semiconductor layer including
a light emitting region that generates modulation light modulated with a first signal, and
a feedback region that is configured so that a feedback mode to feed back a part of light generated in the light emitting region to the light emitting region and a monitor mode to monitor a light amount of the light generated in the light emitting region are switchable; and
a controller, wherein
when the modulation light is generated in the light emitting region, the controller sets the feedback region to the feedback mode, and
the controller switches the feedback region to the monitor mode during at least a part of a period in which there is no first signal.

US Pat. No. 10,178,735

DYNAMICALLY TUNABLE MATERIALS FOR PARITY-TIME SYMMETRIC ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICES

Northrop Grumman Systems ...

1. A device, comprising:a light adjustment apparatus having a first material and a second material, the first material includes a first real dielectric permittivity and a positive imaginary dielectric permittivity and the second material includes a second real dielectric permittivity and a negative imaginary dielectric permittivity, the first and second materials to affect the flow of light, wherein the light adjustment apparatus includes a tunable material to enable adjustment of the dielectric permittivity of the respective materials.

US Pat. No. 10,178,734

INDIVIDUAL LED SHORT CIRCUIT DETECTION

Valeo North America, Inc....

1. A light source failure detection circuit for monitoring a plurality of light sources, comprising at least two circuit paths that are arranged in parallel and in connection with an indicator resistor, each of the at least two circuit paths comprising:a first transistor that functions as a first switch and is controllable by a voltage on one of the plurality of light sources to be in an on or off state;
a voltage divider circuit connected between the first switch and a ground, receiving a current controlled by the first switch, and providing an input voltage to a second transistor functioning as a second switch;
a resistor connected in series with the second transistor, wherein the resistor and the second transistor connected between a supply voltage and the ground; and
a diode, wherein an anode of the diode receives a current from a node between the resistor and the second transistor, and an cathode of the diode outputs a current to the indicator resistor,
wherein a voltage drop on the indicator resistor above a threshold indicates one of the plurality of light sources is shorted.

US Pat. No. 10,178,733

LIGHT EMITTING ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A LIGHT EMITTING ASSEMBLY

OSRAM GmbH, Munich (DE)

1. A light emitting assembly, comprising:a first light emitting component, which emits light of a first color,
a second light emitting component, which emits light of a second color, which is different than the first color,
at least one third light emitting component, which emits light of a third color, which is different than the first color and the second color, wherein the light emitting components are arranged such that the first light, the second light and the third light mix to form a mixed light, and
a control device, which has a first control channel and a second control channel for the purpose of operating the three light emitting components and which is configured such
that in a first operating range the first light emitting component is driven via the first control channel and the second and third light emitting components are driven jointly via the second control channel, wherein in the first operating range the mixed light is continuously adjustable from the first color to a predefined fourth color, and
that in a second operating range the second light emitting component is driven via the second control channel and the first and third light emitting components are driven jointly via the first control channel, wherein in the second operating range the mixed light is continuously adjustable from the fourth color to the second color.

US Pat. No. 10,178,732

BACKLIGHT UNIT, METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME, AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A backlight unit, comprising:a power converter to generate a light source power voltage in response to a power control signal;
a light emitting element connected between a first node and a second node; and
a light source controller connected to the second node and to output the power control signal in response to a dimming signal, wherein
the light emitting element receives the light source power voltage through the first node;
the light source controller includes:
a comparison circuit configured to compare a feedback voltage of the second node with a first reference voltage, the comparison circuit being configured to output a switching signal;
a first feedback circuit to output a first feedback signal based on the feedback voltage when the switching signal is in a first level;
a second feedback circuit to output a second feedback signal based on a voltage lower than the feedback voltage when the switching signal in a second level; and
an output circuit to output the power control signal, the power control signal having a pulse width based on at least one of the first feedback signal or the second feedback signal, and
the light source controller is to output the power control signal having a first pulse width based on the first feedback signal voltage when the feedback voltage of the second node is lower than or equal to the first reference voltage, and
the power control signal having a second pulse width based on the second feedback signal when the feedback voltage is higher than the first reference voltage; and
the second pulse width is narrower than the first pulse width.

US Pat. No. 10,178,731

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING ENERGY REQUIREMENTS OF AN ELECTRIC LIGHT

LUMINARA WORLDWIDE, LLC, ...

1. An electric candle powered by a stored power source, comprising:an inductor;
a light source;
a circuit coupled to a battery that is configured to power the light source, wherein the circuit comprises:
a switch coupled with the light source and configured to permit current to pass through the inductor and the light source when the switch is closed;
a resistor coupled with the light source; and
a comparator coupled with the resistor and a processor, wherein the comparator controls a current flow to the light source by comparing an average voltage of the resistor to a digital-to-analog convertor output received from the processor to produce a comparison signal;
wherein the processor is configured to receive the comparison signal and control the switch to modify the current flow as a function of the comparison signal, to maintain a predefined brightness of the light source as a voltage of the stored power source decreases.

US Pat. No. 10,178,730

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HORTICULTURAL LIGHTING WITH CURRENT SHARING

Illum Horticulture LLC, ...

1. A horticultural light, comprising:a DC-DC converter configured to provide a voltage signal and a current signal;
a plurality of LED strings, wherein each LED string is coupled to receive the voltage signal and configured to selectively receive the current signal;
a plurality of power switches coupled to the plurality of LED strings, wherein a conductive state of each of the plurality of power switches selects whether the current signal is received by an associated LED string at a selected time interval within a time period, wherein the current signal is received discontinuously by the associated LED string at the selected time interval within the time period; and
a processor coupled to each power switch, wherein the processor is configured to select the conductive state of only one of the plurality of power switches within the selected time interval and wherein the current signal is not received by the associated LED string if the processor selects any other LED string to receive the current signal during the selected time interval.

US Pat. No. 10,178,729

LIGHTING CIRCUIT WITH INTERNAL REFERENCE THRESHOLDS FOR HYBRID DIMMING

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A lighting circuit comprising:a light emitting diode (LED);
a transistor that is configured to control a current through the LED; and
a controller integrated circuit (IC) having a first pin that outputs a drive signal for controlling a switching operation of the transistor and a second pin that receives a dimming signal, the controller IC being configured to generate a low reference threshold and a high reference threshold that follow the dimming signal, to control the switching operation of the transistor by hysteretic control by comparing a sense signal indicative of the current through the LED to the low reference threshold and the high reference threshold, and to prevent the transistor from being turned on when the dimming signal is below a predetermined level.

US Pat. No. 10,178,728

DIRECT CURRENT NEGATIVE DIMMING CIRCUIT AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

8. A liquid crystal display device, comprising a main chip, a backlight module and a direct current negative dimming circuit, and the direct current negative dimming circuit being used to convert a first dimming signal outputted from the main chip of the liquid crystal display device into a second dimming signal and to output the second dimming signal to the backlight module, wherein the direct current negative dimming circuit comprises a first electrical switch, a second electrical switch, a first resistor, a second resistor and a third resistor, and a control end of the first electrical switch is connected to a dimming signal output end of the main chip through the first resistor to receive the first dimming signal, and a first end of the first electrical switch is connected to a voltage end through the second resistor to receive a first high voltage level signal, and a second end of the first electrical switch is connected to a control end of the second electrical switch, and a first end of the second electrical switch is connected to a dimming signal receiving end of the backlight module to output the second dimming signal to the dimming signal receiving end, and the first end of the second electrical switch is also grounded through the third resistor, and a second end of the second electrical switch receives a second high voltage level signal, and a voltage level of the first dimming signal is opposite to a voltage level of the second dimming signal.

US Pat. No. 10,178,727

ANALOG AND DIGITAL DIMMING CONTROL FOR LED DRIVER

Diodes Incorporated, Pla...

1. A dimming control circuit, comprising:an input terminal for receiving an input signal;
a mode detection circuit coupled to the input terminal for receiving the input signal and configured for determining whether the input signal is a digital signal or an analog signal and for providing a mode signal indicating whether the input signal is a digital signal or an analog signal;
a multiplexer circuit configured for selecting a digital reference signal or an analog reference signal according to the mode signal, the multiplexer circuit having a selection terminal coupled to an output of the mode detection circuit, a first input terminal for receiving the analog reference signal, and a second input terminal for receiving the digital reference signal; and
a comparator circuit configured for comparing the input signal with the selected reference signal and for providing a PWM (pulse width modulation) control signal with a duty cycle according to the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,178,726

SOLID-STATE LIGHTING STRUCTURE WITH INTEGRATED CONTROL

Sensor Electronic Technol...

1. A device, comprising:a solid-state light source (SSLS) structure including an array of SSLSs, wherein the array of SSLSs includes SSLSs that emit electromagnetic radiation having a plurality of distinct wavelengths; and
a SSLS control circuit integrated with the SSLS structure to control a total operating current of the SSLS structure within a predetermined total operating current limit, wherein the SSLS control circuit is configured to selectively limit current in individual SSLSs and in groups of SSLSs to maintain the total operating current of the SSLS structure within the predetermined total operating current limit, the SSLS control circuit maintaining the total operating current of the SSLS structure within the predetermined total operating current limit as a function of a saturation current associated with the SSLSs.

US Pat. No. 10,178,725

ULTRA-HIGH EFFICIENCY LED LAMP DRIVING DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD

GA CO., LTD., Wonju-Si (...

1. An ultra-high efficiency LED lamp driving device comprising:a rectification unit for rectifying alternating current input power;
a plurality of LED lamps configured to be lit by the power rectified by the rectification unit;
a plurality of operating switches connected to tabs between the LED lamps for sequentially lighting the LED lamps when the voltages of the LED lamps reach driving threshold voltages as a voltage of the alternating current input power increases;
a plurality of shift switches connected to tabs between the LED lamps; and
a LED shift controller for operating the shift switches wherein operating threshold voltage values of all of the LED lamps are equal to or higher than a maximum value (Vmax) of input voltage of the alternating current input power
wherein determining the LED lamps that were not lit during a voltage rising time of rectified voltage or during a first cycle of alternating cycles of the rectified voltage,
wherein skipping a number of front-end LED lamps corresponds to a number of rear-end LED lamps that were not lit during the voltage rising time or during the first cycle of the alternating cycles are skipped in a rear-end direction,
wherein shifting the lighting of the LED lamps to a rear end of the LED lamps connected in series during a voltage falling time or during a second cycle of the alternating cycles of the rectified voltage in order to sequentially light LED lamps ranging from the rear-end LED lamps that were not lit during the voltage rising time or during the first cycle to LED lamps corresponding to an instantaneous value of the input voltage,
wherein the LED shift controller comprises:
a trigger output unit configured for sensing a trigger voltage value of the input voltage and outputting a trigger signal; and
an LED shift unit configured for skipping a number of front-end LED lamps and outputting a switching signal to the shift switches for shifting the lighting of the LED lamps to the rear end of the LED lamps connected in series when the trigger signal is received from the trigger output unit,
wherein the skipped number of front-end LED lamps equals the number of rear-end LED lamps that were unlit at the voltage rising time or at the second cycle of the alternating cycles in the rear-end direction;
wherein when the operating threshold voltage values of all of the LED lamps are equal to or higher than the maximum value (Vmax) of the input voltage of the alternating current input power and at least one LED lamp is unlit beginning from a rearmost LED lamp, sequentially lighting the LED lamps ranging from the rear-end LED lamps that were unlit during the voltage rising time according to a cycle of the rectified voltage or during the first cycle of the alternating cycles of the rectified voltage to LED lamps corresponding to the instantaneous value of the input voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,178,724

OPTOELECTRONIC CIRCUIT HAVING LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES

Aledia, Grenoble (FR)

1. An optoelectronic circuit intended to receive a variable voltage containing an alternation of rising and falling phases, the optoelectronic circuit comprising:a plurality of assemblies of light-emitting diodes, said assemblies being series-assembled;
for each assembly, a comparator configured to compare at least one of the voltage at one of the terminals of the assembly and a voltage depending on said voltage at one of the terminals of the assembly, with at least one of a first threshold and a second threshold;
a current source;
for each assembly, a switch connecting the current source to said terminal of said assembly; and a controller connected to the comparators configured to:
during each rising phase, for each assembly from among assemblies of the plurality of assemblies, when said voltage of said assembly rises above the second threshold:
turn on the switch of said assembly and turn off the switch of an adjacent assembly conducting the current; and
during each falling phase, for each assembly from among assemblies of the plurality of assemblies, when said voltage of an adjacent assembly conducting the current decreases below the first threshold:
turn off the switch of said assembly and turn on the switch of the adjacent assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,178,723

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING SOLID STATE LIGHTING DEVICES AND LIGHTING APPARATUS INCORPORATING SUCH SYSTEMS AND/OR METHODS

Cree, Inc., Durham, NC (...

1. A lighting apparatus comprising:a string of serially-connected light-emitting diodes (LEDs) coupled between first and second terminals and comprising a first set of LEDs providing first light output having a first chromaticity and a second set of LEDs providing second light output having a second chromaticity different from the first chromaticity; and
a control circuit comprising a bypass circuit, coupled to the string, that bypasses at least one LED of at least one of the first and second sets of LEDs and varies a color temperature produced by the string by differentially varying respective currents passing through the first and second sets of LEDs of the string responsive to a variation in a total current passing between the first and second terminals,
wherein the bypass circuit comprises a variable resistance circuit configured to continuously and differentially vary the respective currents passing through the first and second sets of LEDs, and
wherein the control circuit is configured to provide the color temperature as a fixed color temperature over a first range of brightness levels and to conform the color temperature to the Planckian locus over a second range of brightness levels that is lower than the first range of brightness levels.

US Pat. No. 10,178,722

LIGHTING DEVICE AND OPERATING METHOD FOR SUCH A LIGHTING DEVICE

OSRAM OPTO SEMICONDUCTORS...

1. A lighting device comprising at least one base chip, a plurality of cover emitter regions, and at least one optical element, whereinthe at least one base chip and the plurality of cover emitter regions are electrically controlled independently of one another and have main emission directions oriented parallel to one another,
the plurality of cover emitter regions are arranged in a partially overlapping manner with the at least one base chip, so that an overlap region is formed and the at least one base chip radiates through the plurality of cover emitter regions during operation,
the plurality of cover emitter regions are located in a common plane perpendicular to the main emission directions,
the optical element is arranged downstream of the at least one base chip as well as the plurality of cover emitter regions along the main emission directions, and
the optical element has different imaging properties for the at least one base chip than for the plurality of cover emitter regions.

US Pat. No. 10,178,721

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE DRIVER CIRCUIT AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

RICHTEK TECHNOLOGY CORPOR...

1. A light emitting device driver circuit, which is configured to operably drive a light emitting device circuit, the light emitting device driver circuit comprising:a switching power supply circuit, which is configured to operably control at least one power switch therein to convert an input voltage to an output voltage according to a feedback signal, for supplying power to the light emitting device circuit; and
a current regulator circuit, which includes:
a multi-level DC current control circuit, including a plurality of DC current supply circuits, the multi-level DC current control circuit being configured to determine whether the plurality of DC current supply circuits are individually conducted or not conducted according to a DC dimmer signal to supply a DC current to the light emitting circuit; and
a switching current control circuit, which is configured to operate a pulse width modulation (PWM) switch according to a PWM dimmer signal, so as to supply a PWM current to the light emitting device circuit;
wherein the DC current and the PWM current are summed together to generate a light emitting device current flowing through the light emitting device circuit so that the brightness of the light emitting device circuit is adjustable according to the DC dimmer signal and the PWM dimmer signal.

US Pat. No. 10,178,720

LOW STANDBY POWER CONTROL CIRCUIT FOR LED DRIVER

Universal Lighting Techno...

1. An LED driver comprising:a power factor correction (PFC) stage coupled to receive input power from a DC input power stage;
an isolated DC-DC power converter stage coupled to an output of the PFC stage, and configured to provide DC current to an LED lighting load;
first and second regulators configured to provide drive signals to the PFC stage and the isolated DC-DC power converter stage, respectively;
one or more auxiliary sensors configured to detect one or more environmental conditions;
a controller coupled to receive auxiliary feedback signals from the one or more auxiliary sensors, and configured to provide standby mode signals or normal operating mode signals based on a detected environmental condition from the one or more auxiliary sensors; and
a low standby isolated power supply circuit comprising
a power converter comprising a primary side coupled to the DC input power stage and a secondary side coupled to supply power to the controller and the one or more auxiliary sensors,
a switching element coupled to the primary side of the power converter,
an input resistor coupled on a first end between the switching element and the primary side of the power converter, and
an isolation device configured responsive to the standby mode signals on a first side to disable supply power from the primary side of the power converter to the first and second regulators, and responsive to the normal operating mode signals on the first side to enable supply power from the primary side of the power converter to the first and second regulators, the isolation device having a second side coupled between a second end of the first input resistor and a gate electrode of the switching element, wherein the low standby isolated power supply circuit is configured
responsive to the normal operating mode signals to enable the first and second regulators,
responsive to the standby mode signals to disable the first and second regulators, and
in both modes to supply power to the controller and the one or more auxiliary sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,178,719

BIASING AND DRIVING CIRCUIT, BASED ON A FEEDBACK VOLTAGE REGULATOR, FOR AN ELECTRIC LOAD

STMicroelectronics S.r.l....

1. A circuit including input terminals configured to receive an alternating input voltage signal and configured to supply an output voltage signal to an electric load, the circuit configured to generate a biasing current signal that is inversely proportional to the alternating input voltage signal and configured to supply the biasing current signal to a feedback input of a feedback voltage regulator to modulate a feedback voltage signal generated on the feedback input.

US Pat. No. 10,178,718

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ACTIVE POWER FACTOR CORRECTION AND CURRENT REGULATION IN LED CIRCUIT

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A system for active power factor correction and current regulation in an LED circuit, the system comprises:an input module configured to enable a user to enter a reference set point through a reference block;
a computing module configured to compute an average power/current from a supply line cycle to generate an average feedback signal;
a subtractor module configured to receive the reference set point and the average feedback signal from the input module and the computing module, wherein the substractor module generates an error signal based on a difference between the reference set point and the average feedback signal;
a gain module configured to receive the error signal from the subtractor module and to boost up the error signal by adding a gain signal;
an accumulator module configured to accumulate the error signal from the gain module, the accumulator module determines a level of effective set point to ensure the average feedback signal equalling to the reference set point;
an analog to digital module configured to sense and convert an input line signal to an output digital signal using an Analog to Digital Converter (ADC);
a multiplier module configured to multiple the output digital signal from the ADC;
a digital to analog module configured to receive and convert the output digital signal to an output analog signal using a Digital to Analog Converter (DAC), wherein the DAC establishes a DAC established reference set point of the output analog signal to perform active power factor correction and to regulate an average current; and
a control module comprising a switch and an inductor, wherein the switch is configured to control a peak current through the inductor, wherein the controlled peak current flows through a sense resistor to generate a voltage, wherein the generated voltage is in form of a sawtooth waveform, wherein the sawtooth waveform determines a turn ON time and a turn OFF time of the switch to achieve the active power factor correction, and the sawtooth waveform regulates an average LED current using the DAC established reference set point, wherein the average LED current tracks the DAC established reference set point in the LED circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,178,717

LAMP-CONTROL CIRCUIT FOR LAMP ARRAY EMITTING CONSTANT LIGHT OUTPUT

Dongming Li, Surrey, BC ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a lamp-control circuit configured to be electrically connectable to an electrical source having an output voltage that forms a periodic wave formation; and
the lamp-control circuit also configured to be electrically connectable to a lamp array in such a way that electrical current, in use, flows from the electrical source to, and through, the lamp array, in which the lamp array includes lamp segments; and
the lamp-control circuit also configured to urge each lamp segment of the lamp array to consume constant power for a portion of a cycle of the output voltage of the electrical source in such a way that said each lamp segment of the lamp array, in use, emits a constant light output for the portion the cycle of the output voltage of the electrical source; andwherein:the lamp-control circuit includes:an energy-storage device configured to be electrically connectable to the lamp array; and
a control logic unit configured to be electrically connectable to the energy-storage device; and
the control logic unit also configured to selectively urge charging, and selectively urge discharging, of the energy-storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,178,716

LED DRIVER CIRCUIT AND METHOD

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. An LED driver for driving a plurality of strings of LEDs, comprising:an integrated circuit chip comprising;
a controller for controlling a voltage or a current flow applied to one end of each of the strings of LEDs in dependence on voltages measured at the other ends of the strings of LEDs;
a respective current controller for each string of LEDs for controlling the current in each string of LEDs independently;
a current balancing arrangement for each string of LEDs;
wherein the controller, the respective current controllers, and the current balancing arrangements are inside the integrated circuit chip;
first and second paths for each string of LEDs that are outside of the integrated circuit chip and that connect the other end of each corresponding string of LEDs to the integrated circuit chip, wherein the first path for each string of LEDs comprises a heat dissipater;
wherein the other end of each string of LEDs is connected to the integrated circuit chip at first and second pins of the integrated circuit chip through the corresponding first and second paths such that one end of a single string of LEDs is connected to the integrated circuit by two different string-specific pins;
wherein the first and second pins and the corresponding first and second paths are connected separately to the current balancing arrangement and the current balancing arrangement is adapted to control the splitting of the current through the LED string between the first and second paths.

US Pat. No. 10,178,715

HIGH FREQUENCY MULTI-VOLTAGE AND MULTI-BRIGHTNESS LED LIGHTING DEVICES AND SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF USING SAME

Lynk Labs, Inc., Elgin, ...

1. A lighting system powered by an AC voltage source, the lighting system comprising:a. a high-frequency AC driver configured to receive at least two different AC forward voltages and having an AC voltage input and an AC voltage output, the AC voltage input being one of the at least two different AC forward voltages, the AC voltage output being a relatively constant voltage at a relatively constant frequency, wherein the relatively constant frequency is substantially higher than a frequency of the AC voltage input;
b. at least two LED circuits each of which have at least two LEDs connected in series, electrically connected to the AC voltage output of the high-frequency AC driver; and
c. the at least two LED circuits are connected to the AC voltage output of the high-frequency AC driver in either a series relationship or a parallel relationship.

US Pat. No. 10,178,714

ILLUMINATING CIRCUIT WITH A FLICKFREE AUTOMATIC DETECTION AND SHUTDOWN FUNCTION

Dong Guan Bright Yinhuey ...

1. An illuminating circuit comprising:an EMI filter rectifying circuit, an RC absorption circuit, a PWM control circuit, a DC-to-DC converter circuit, an output rectifier filter circuit and a flickfree automatic detection and shutdown circuit, wherein:
the EMI filter rectifying circuit, the RC absorption circuit, the DC-to-DC converter circuit and the output rectifier filter circuit are in turn electrically connected in series;
the PWM control circuit is electrically connected with the EMI filter rectifying circuit and the DC-to-DC converter circuit respectively;
the flickfree automatic detection and shutdown circuit is electrically connected with the output rectifier filter circuit and the PWM control circuit respectively;
the flickfree automatic detection and shutdown circuit includes an MCU and an optical coupler;
the MCU detects a voltage of an output terminal of the whole circuit and gets a feedback signal; and
the optical coupler delivers the feedback signal to the PWM control circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,178,713

THERMOELECTRICALLY POWERED PORTABLE LIGHT SOURCE

MAKOTRONICS ENTERPRISES I...

1. A portable, thermoelectrically powered device, the device comprising: an at least one thermoelectric generator for extracting body heat from a user; an outer shell; a heat sink in contact with an inner surface of the thermoelectric generator, the heat sink configured to provide an elongated first cooling channel therethrough terminating at a first end and a second end with an at least one heat sink first aperture and an least one heat sink second aperture; and circuitry in electrical communication with the thermoelectric generator, the circuitry comprising a transistor oscillator, a step-up transformer and a decoupling capacitor, the circuitry in electrical communication with a power sink, such that in use, a temperature gradient across the thermoelectric generator is sufficient to result in generation of at least 25 microwatts of power.

US Pat. No. 10,178,712

PORTABLE, BATTERY POWERED MICROWAVE FOOD WARMER

Infomercials, Inc., Spri...

1. A portable, microwave food warmer device, comprising:a) a housing with a chamber therein configured to receive food, the housing having a door openable to the chamber and defining a front of the housing, the housing having a bottom wall with bottom feet and a back wall opposite the front with back feet, the bottom and back walls being contiguous and perpendicular to one another, the bottom and back feet being configured to be separately and selectively disposed upon a support surface;
b) the chamber having a bottom and a back that are contiguous and perpendicular to one another, and that correspond to the bottom wall and the back wall of the housing, respectively;
c) the chamber having an elongated shape with the bottom being smaller than the back;
d) the housing having two configurations, including:
i) an upright orientation with the bottom feet disposed on the support surface and the door opening horizontally, and with the bottom of the chamber oriented horizontally to receive a narrower and taller container; and
ii) a laid-back orientation with the back feet disposed on the support surface and the door opening vertically, and with the back of the chamber oriented horizontally to receive a longer and shorter container;
e) a magnetron disposed in the housing and above the chamber in the upright orientation, the magnetron configured to generate short radio waves into the chamber;
f) the housing having a main housing with the chamber therein and a pair of bases, including primary and secondary bases, separately and selectively couplable to the housing, the pair of bases and the main housing having the same perimeter size and shape with a perimeter surface of the base being contiguous with a perimeter surface of the main housing;
g) primary and secondary rechargeable lithium batteries disposed in the primary and secondary bases, respectively, of the housing and below the chamber in the upright orientation and coupled to the magnetron; and
h) the secondary base with the secondary lithium batteries being interchangeable with the primary base with the primary lithium batteries.

US Pat. No. 10,178,711

REAL-TIME RELAY OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A method comprising:at a first wireless audio output device configured as a slave to a source device in a first piconet and configured as a master to a second wireless audio output device in a second piconet:
receiving a message indicating that an audio packet transmitted by the source device via the first piconet was received by the second wireless audio output device;
determining whether the message was received at the first wireless audio output device within a first predetermined time period after the source device transmitted the audio packet; and
determining that the first wireless audio output device did not receive the audio packet from the source device based on at least receiving the message from the second wireless audio output device within the first predetermined time period.

US Pat. No. 10,178,710

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR USING A MOBILE DEVICE AS AN INPUT DEVICE FOR SURVEYS AT A LIVE EVENT

1. A method for interacting with audience members in an event, which is defined as being at a physical venue location and occurring at a particular predetermined time, wherein the event has a finite number of participating attendees and an associated finite number of unique potential attendee identifiers (UPAIs) allocated to any particular event, which UPAIs can be replicated for other events at other times in the same physical venue location or at events in other venue locations, selected from attendees of the event, each of the participating attendees having available thereto one of the UPAIs for the associated event, comprising the steps of:creating, for each participating attendee, when the attendee is in physical proximity to the venue location associated with the event and proximate in time to the occurrence of the particular predetermined time of the event and is prompted via an external prompting source proximate in time and location to the event to enter a UPAI into a mobile wireless device (MWD), a unique ID (UID) on the MWD by the steps of:
inputting to the MWD one of the UPAIs; and
combining the received UPAI with a UID time stamp at the time of input of the UPAI in the MWD to provide the UID comprised of a UPAI portion and a UID time stamp portion so as to distinguish two different UIDs having a duplicate UPAI portion, resulting in a verified UID;
receiving with a server on a first wireless channel communications from the MWD of each participating attendee and having associated therewith one of the verified UIDs;
registering the verified UID of each participating attendee at the physical venue location of the event to define registered attendees;
associating a respective social network ID with each respective UID;
generating at the server a visual query;
displaying on a physical display at the event the visual query, wherein the physical display is visible by at least a plurality of finite number of participating attendees and wherein the visual query relates to a plurality visual messages;
displaying response indicators on the MWD of a plurality of the registered attendees;
inputting, by a plurality of the respective registered attendees on which the response indicators were displayed, a response via selection of one of the MWD response indicators on the respective MWD associated with the respective registered attendee;
receiving at the server from each of the responding ones of the registered attendees the selected responses to the query over the first wireless channel;
storing in a database on the server the received responses in association with the displayed query;
associating the respective received responses with the respective verified UIDs;
creating a query ID (QID) associated with the displayed query;
creating respective response time stamp indicating the respective times at which the respective responses were received by the server;
creating a data record for the each verified UID, each verified UID data record including:
the respective verified UID,
the associated social network ID,
the QID,
the respective received response, and
the respective response time stamp;
creating a data record for the QID, the QID data record including:
the QID;
each of the respective received responses,
each respective verified UID, and
each respective response time stamp;
performing statistical analysis on the QID data record;
selecting, based on the statistical analysis of the QID data record, one of the visual messages from the plurality of visual messages; and
displaying on the physical display at the event the selected visual message;
wherein the statistical analysis relates to the social network ID associated with each respective verified UID.

US Pat. No. 10,178,709

REMOTELY TRIGGERING CALLS TO A PSAP

General Motors LLC, Detr...

1. A method of connecting a vehicle telematics unit with a public safety access point (PSAP), comprising the steps of:(a) wirelessly calling a central facility using the vehicle telematics unit;
(b) determining a reason to contact the PSAP during the wireless call; and
(c) receiving a computer-readable command at the vehicle telematics unit from the central facility that directs the vehicle telematics unit to end the wireless call and locally place an emergency call in response to step (b) and based on a determination that it is not legally-permissible for the central facility to connect the vehicle telematics unit to the PSAP.

US Pat. No. 10,178,708

CHANNEL SUMMARY FOR NEW MEMBER WHEN JOINING A TALKGROUP

1. An apparatus comprising:a wide-area network (WAN) transceiver communicating with a plurality of users on a particular talkgroup/channel;
the WAN transceiver receiving a request by a new user to join the particular talkgroup/channel;
the WAN transceiver providing the new user with a talkgroup/channel summary over a private channel; and
lastly, the WAN transceiver communicating with the plurality of users and the new user on the particular talkgroup/channel;
a natural language processor receiving and summarizing voice transmissions from the WAN transceiver, wherein the voice transmissions are from the plurality of users that are part of the particular talkgroup/channel;
wherein the talkgroup/channel summary is based on the summarizing;
the WAN transceiver receives sensor data from the plurality of users that are part of the particular talkgroup/channel; and
wherein the talkgroup/channel summary is additionally based on the sensor data.

US Pat. No. 10,178,707

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO PROVIDE WIRELESS ACCESSORY BACKUP COMMUNICATION LINKS

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. A system to provide a backup communication link for a wireless accessory, the system comprising:a communications network;
a plurality of primary subscriber units;
a plurality of accessories each associated with one of the of plurality of primary subscriber units and linked to the one of the plurality of primary subscriber units by a wireless connection; and
a communications server communicating with the plurality of primary subscriber units via the communications network, the communications server configured to obtain and maintain a plurality of data on each of the plurality of primary subscriber units, the plurality of data including a location of each of the plurality of subscriber units and the currently-associated accessories for each of the primary subscriber units;
wherein the communications server is configured to generate a plurality of backup lists, each identifying which of the plurality of subscriber units each of the plurality of accessories can link with; and
upon detecting a condition wherein communication between the communications server and a first accessory associated with a primary subscriber unit drops below a desired level of service, the communication server is configured to identify a secondary subscriber unit from the backup list of the first accessory, and instruct the secondary subscriber unit to link with the first accessory by establishing a backup wireless connection to the first accessory.

US Pat. No. 10,178,706

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ASSOCIATING USER WITH GROUP

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method for associating a user with a group, comprising:receiving, by a first communications device, a first association request from a second communications device, wherein the first association request comprises an identifier of a mission critical push to talk over (MCPTT) user and identifiers of N MCPTT groups, the first association request is used to request to associate the MCPTT user with the N MCPTT groups, and N is an integer greater than or equal to 1;
associating, by the first communications device, the MCPTT user with M MCPTT groups of the N MCPTT groups according to association subscription information of the MCPTT user, wherein the association subscription information of the MCPTT user is used to indicate an MCPTT group that the MCPTT user can be associated with; and
sending, by the first communications device, a first association response to the second communications device, wherein the first association response is used to indicate that the MCPTT user is successfully associated with the M MCPTT groups of the N MCPTT groups, 1?M?N, and M is an integer.

US Pat. No. 10,178,705

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DYNAMIC CHANNEL SENSING FOR DIRECT LINK IN A HIGH EFFICIENCY WIRELESS LAN

1. A method for dynamic channel sensing for a direct link by a first station (STA) in a wireless local area network, the method comprising:determining a first COLOR parameter of an access point (AP) to which the first STA is associated;
exchanging with a second STA a COLOR parameter related to the direct link, the second STA being a peer STA of the first STA and connected to the first STA in the direct link; and
determining a channel state of the direct link based on a first clear channel assessment (CCA) threshold higher than a second CCA threshold, when a value of a COLOR field included in a received physical layer protocol data unit (PPDU) having a valid SIGNAL (SIG) field does not match any of the first COLOR parameter and the COLOR parameter related to the direct link.

US Pat. No. 10,178,704

METHOD, COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR ENABLING OUT-OF-COVERAGE DEVICE

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method of enabling device-to-device (D2D) communication when a communicating device is out of public land mobile network (PLMN) coverage for a first radio access technology (RAT), the method comprising:the communicating device performing:
detecting that the communication device is out of PLMN coverage for the first RAT, and in response thereto, initiating out-of-coverage D2D communication only after first estimating that the out-of-coverage D2D communication will not cause interference in a communication system that uses at least a second RAT,
wherein initiating the out-of-coverage D2D communication only after first estimating that the out-of-coverage D2D communication will not cause interference in the communication system that uses at least the second RAT comprises:
scanning a carrier associated with a carrier predetermined for D2D-type communication for any signals;
if the scanning determines that other D2D communication is present on the carrier, initiating the out-of-coverage D2D communication;
if the scanning cannot determine that other D2D communication is present on the carrier, determining a signal strength of other signals on the carrier and if the signal strength of the other signals is below a threshold initiating the out-of-coverage D2D communication; and
when no other D2D communication is present on the carrier and the determined signal strength is above the threshold, performing:
scanning an other carrier for at least the second RAT; and
if the second RAT is detected, determining a PLMN of the detected second RAT and accessing data on the determined PLMN of the detected second RAT about whether or not out-of-coverage D2D communication by devices within a coverage area of the PLMN of the detected second RAT is permitted, and if the out-of-coverage D2D communication by devices within the coverage area of the PLMN of the detected second RAT is permitted in the determined PLMN of the detected second RAT, initiating the out-of-coverage D2D communication.

US Pat. No. 10,178,703

STOPPING A RANDOM ACCESS PROCEDURE

BlackBerry Limited, Wate...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a wireless access network node from a user equipment (UE) having a setting indicating that the UE is in a connected state with the wireless access network node, a dedicated preamble assigned to the UE for a contention-free random access procedure, the dedicated preamble specific to the UE and received from the UE as part of the contention-free random access procedure;
in response to receiving the dedicated preamble, determining, by the wireless access network node, that the wireless access network node is without a connection context for the UE; and
in response to the determining, sending, by the wireless access network node to the UE, an indication to stop the contention-free random access procedure.

US Pat. No. 10,178,702

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CELL SWITCHING

FUTUREWEI TECHNOLOGIES, I...

1. A method for operating a first distributed unit (DU), the method comprising:participating, by the first DU, in a link layer context transfer with a second DU;
establishing, by the first DU, a user data path for a mobile device, the user data path connecting the mobile device with a centralized unit (CU) including a radio control protocol entity communicating with the mobile device both before and after the link layer context transfer;
storing, by the first DU, first user data for the mobile device received from the CU;
storing, by the first DU, second user data for the mobile device received from the second DU;
establishing, by the first DU, a connection with the mobile device;
sending, by the first DU, the first user data and the second user data to the mobile device; and
adapting, by the first DU, the link layer context to operate in the first DU for exchanging data between the CU and the mobile device, the adapting the link layer context including associating an uppermost protocol layer of the first DU with a lowest protocol layer of the CU.

US Pat. No. 10,178,701

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING OUT-OF-NETWORK D2D COMMUNICATIONS

Futurewei Technologies, I...

6. A first user equipment (UE) comprising:a processor; and
a non-transitory computer readable storage medium storing programming for execution by the processor, the programming including instructions to:
receive a discovery signal from a second UE, the discovery signal comprising a synchronization signal indicating whether the second UE is synchronized with a base station and an in-coverage bit/flag indicating whether the second UE is an in-coverage UE or an out-of-coverage UE of the base station; and
participate in a D2D communication session with the second UE over a predefined uplink carrier as either a timing slave entity or a timing master entity based on the synchronization signal and the in-coverage bit/flag.

US Pat. No. 10,178,700

METHOD AND DEVICES FOR SOLVING RESOURCE CONFLICT ISSUES AMONG DYNAMIC TDD CAPABLE UE

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method for a device for preventing data transmission configuration conflict between the device and a base station, the method comprising:receiving a control message from the base station, the control message comprising a first data transmission configuration information;
determining a predetermined transmission timing of transmission of a second data transmission configuration information;
determining whether the second data transmission configuration information was received at the predetermined transmission timing;
determining a third data transmission configuration based on the determination whether the second transmission configuration information was received at the predetermined transmission timing, such that, if the second transmission configuration information was received at the predetermined transmission timing, then determining the third data transmission configuration from a candidate set of configurations associated with the second data transmission configuration information, otherwise determining the third data transmission configuration from a candidate set of configurations associated with the first data transmission configuration information; and
transmitting data to the base station in accordance with the third data transmission configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,178,699

RANDOM ACCESS ENHANCEMENT BASED ON SCALABLE SIGNATURE DESIGN

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communications, comprising:randomly choosing an array of source symbols, wherein the array has one or more scalable dimensions based on at least one of a capacity requirement or a coverage requirement of a random access channel (RACH);
encoding the array of source symbols into a codeword for a RACH signature;
mapping the codeword to a serial concatenation of orthogonal or quasi-orthogonal sequences to define the RACH signature; and
transmitting the RACH signature within a RACH slot.

US Pat. No. 10,178,698

ENHANCED CHANNEL ACCESS MECHANISMS FOR WIDE BAND OPERATION ON UNLICENSED BANDS

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method for channel access in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:determining, by a wireless device, separate Clear Channel Assessment (CCA) statuses for two or more sub-bands during a first period;
detecting, by the wireless device, a CCA bandwidth adjustment condition for consolidating the two or more sub-bands into a single sub-band, a combination of the two or more sub-bands occupying a same frequency band as the single sub-band; and
determining, by the wireless device, a single CCA status for the single sub-band during a second period.

US Pat. No. 10,178,697

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SEPARATING COLLIDED PACKETS IN SHARED WIRELESS CHANNELS

Mitsubishi Electric Resea...

1. A receiver in communication with a processor and a memory for decoding a set of packets asynchronously transmitted using a nominal carrier frequency over a common communication medium, comprising:a set of antennas to receive the set of packets asynchronously transmitted over the common communication medium;
a channel estimator in communication with the processor, performs a sparse recovery in a three dimensional search domain defined by three axes including a frequency offset, a time offset and an angle of arrival, as well as estimates a channel gain corresponding to the transmission of each packet over a channel in the common communication medium, wherein the sparse recovery uses a dictionary matrix approximated with a combination of the preamble with a single payload for each combination of the frequency offsets, the time offsets and the angles of arrival; and
a decoder in communication with the processor, to decode the payloads of the packets in the set of packets using the frequency offsets, the time offsets, the angles of arrival and the channel gains.

US Pat. No. 10,178,696

METHODS PROVIDING LISTEN-BEFORE-TALK AND RELATED UES AND NETWORK NODES

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method for listen-before-talk (LBT) functionality by a network node in a telecommunications system, the method comprising:associating a user equipment (UE) within the network node's coverage to a group of UEs;
performing a clear channel assessment (CCA) of an unlicensed channel for the group of UEs; and
responsive to performing the CCA, communicating information to the UE that indicates another UE of the group is scheduled for uplink transmissions to the node in a subframe prior to the subframe in which the UE is scheduled for uplink transmissions to the node,
wherein communicating the information comprises communicating an indicator in the downlink control information transmitted to the UE that indicates the another UE of the group is scheduled for uplink transmissions to the node in a subframe prior to the subframe in which the UE is scheduled for uplink transmissions to the node.

US Pat. No. 10,178,695

COMMUNICATION METHOD FOR PREVENTING SIGNAL COLLISION IN PEER AWARE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING/RECEIVING USING THE METHOD

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A receiving apparatus in a peer aware communication system, comprising:a receiver for receiving a signal;
a block signal eliminator for eliminating a block signal from the received signal, wherein the block signal informs of channel occupation and is transmitted through an interval in which a message signal including a preamble signal is not transmitted; and
a received signal processor for processing the received signal from which the block signal is eliminated,
wherein the received signal processor includes:
a block signal channel for estimating a channel of the block signal based on the received signal to obtain a channel estimate of the block signal,
a block signal regenerator for estimating a block signal values of the block signal in a time domain and regenerating the block signal based on the channel estimate of the block signal and the block signal value of the block signal in a time domain,
a delay processor for delaying and outputting the received signal, and
a signal eliminator for subtracting the regenerated block signal from the delayed received signal to eliminate the block signal from the received signal.

US Pat. No. 10,178,694

RANDOM ACCESS WITH CARRIER SENSING

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. An apparatus of a high efficiency (HE) station (STA), the apparatus comprising:memory; and
processing circuitry coupled to the memory, the processing circuity configured to:
decode a trigger frame, the trigger frame to indicate resource units (RUs) for random access;
in response to a determination that a value of an orthogonal frequency division multiple-access (OFDMA) backoff (OBO) counter is less than a number of the RUs indicated for random access, decrement the OBO counter to zero, otherwise decrement the OBO counter by the number of the RUs indicated for random access; and
in response to a determination that the value of the OBO counter is zero, randomly select one of the RUs indicated for random access, and
determine a virtual carrier sense (CS) based on one or more network allocation vectors (NAVs) to determine if the selected RU is idle, and perform a physical CS to determine if the selected RU is idle, wherein the physical CS is to be performed on a 20 MHz bandwidth that comprises the selected RU,
in response to a determination that the virtual CS and the physical CS both indicate that the selected RU is idle, configure the HE STA to transmit a physical (PHY) layer convergence procedure (PLCP) protocol data unit (PPDU) in the selected RU, and
in response to a determination that the virtual CS or the physical CS indicate that the selected RU is busy, refrain from transmitting the PPDU, and randomly select an RU indicated for random access in a subsequent trigger frame.

US Pat. No. 10,178,693

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HANDLING RANDOM ACCESS CHANNEL RESPONSES

InterDigital Patent Holdi...

1. A network entity configured to be used with a wireless network comprising:a transmitter;
a receiver configured to receive a random access preamble from a wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU); and
a processor, operatively coupled to the transmitter and the receiver, configured to:
allocate, in response to the received access preamble, one or more resources to be used for a random access channel (RACH) response in a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) to be included in a downlink transmission,
encode, within a subset of a plurality of control channel elements (CCEs), downlink control information (DCI) such that the DCI indicates the allocated one or more resources,
encode the RACH response in the PDSCH, and
generate a downlink transmission, the downlink transmission including a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) and the PDSCH,
wherein:
the PDCCH includes the plurality of CCEs, and the subset of the plurality of CCEs corresponds to a common portion of the PDCCH such that the common portion of the PDCCH is intended for a plurality of WTRUs and is not addressed to a WTRU-specific identity for the WTRU; and
the transmitter is configured to transmit the generated downlink transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,178,692

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING A DATA IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND DEVICE THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting, by a user equipment (UE), a data in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving a first uplink grant for a radio bearer and a first radio bearer indicator of the radio bearer;
generating a Medium Access Control Protocol Data Unit (MAC PDU) containing a data of only the radio bearer indicated by the first radio bearer indicator; and
transmitting the MAC PDU using the first uplink grant.

US Pat. No. 10,178,691

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REQUESTING SCHEDULING IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method of requesting scheduling for transmission of uplink (UL) data in a wireless communication system, the method performed by a user equipment (UE) and comprising:transmitting a Scheduling Request (SR) to an eNB through an SR resource selected from a plurality of SR resources corresponding to multiple SR types;
receiving an UL grant according to an SR type corresponding to the selected SR resource from the eNB; and
transmitting UL data to the eNB through a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) resource allocated by the UL grant.

US Pat. No. 10,178,690

TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION OF A DATA BLOCK IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A user equipment configured for use in a narrowband Internet of Things (NB-loT) system, the user equipment comprising:one or more radio circuits; and
one or more processing circuits configured to:
receive from a base station, via the one or more radio circuits of the user equipment, one or more configuration messages that indicate a pattern of downlink transmission gaps in time; and
receive from the base station, via the one or more radio circuits of the user equipment, a scheduled downlink transmission that comprises a downlink data block and one or more repetitions of the downlink data block, wherein the scheduled downlink transmission is received with or without downlink transmission gaps therein according to the indicated pattern depending respectively on whether or not the scheduled downlink transmission is associated with at least a certain number of repetitions, wherein a duration of a transmission gap is defined in terms of a number of subframes in the NB-loT system.

US Pat. No. 10,178,689

ADAPTIVE RESOURCE ALLOCATION FOR SIMULTANEOUS OPERATION OF CELLULAR AND DEVICE TO DEVICE COMMUNICATIONS

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. A method, comprising:detecting, at an apparatus having a first transceiver and a second transceiver, that a mode change is required;
in response to the detection that a mode change is required:
selecting a mode for resource allocation, wherein the mode is selected based at least on a command received by the apparatus, wherein the mode is selected from a plurality of modes comprising a first mode and a second mode, wherein the apparatus in the first mode uses the first transceiver to engage in cellular communication and the second transceiver to engage in device to device communication at separate times, and wherein the apparatus in the second mode simultaneously uses the first transceiver to engage in cellular communication and the second transceiver to engage in device to device communication; and
sending, to a base station, a request to adjust a discontinuous reception period and/or a discontinuous transmission period associated with the cellular communication, the discontinuous reception period and/or the discontinuous transmission period being adjusted in accordance with the selected mode for resource allocation.

US Pat. No. 10,178,688

METHOD OF SCHEDULING SHORT UPLINK TRANSMISSIONS

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. A method of scheduling an uplink transmission on a mobile communication device, the method comprising:establishing, with an electronic processor of the mobile communication device, a predetermined uplink delay time by which the mobile communication device must transmit an uplink message;
generating, with the electronic processor, the uplink message, wherein the uplink message is to be transmitted from the mobile communication device to a base station of a network;
determining, with the electronic processor, that an audio event is occurring on the mobile communication device, the audio event including audio pauses and periods of audio output as sound by a speaker of the mobile communication device, wherein the speaker draws more current from a battery of the mobile communication device during periods of audio output than during audio pauses;
monitoring, with the electronic processor and audio circuitry of the mobile communication device, an audio amplitude of the audio event; and
transmitting, by a transceiver of the mobile communication device, the uplink message;
wherein when a pause in the audio event is detected before the predetermined uplink delay time has elapsed, the transmitting of the uplink message occurs during the pause in the audio event;
wherein when the predetermined uplink delay time elapses before the pause in the audio event is detected, the transmitting of the uplink message occurs (i) in response to determining that the predetermined uplink delay time has elapsed and (ii) during a period of audio output of the audio event.

US Pat. No. 10,178,687

COMMUNICATION DEVICE, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, RADIO WAVE SETTING METHOD

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An electronic device comprising:a storage portion storing destination place information that indicates a destination place of the electronic device; and
a communication device, wherein
the communication device includes:
a connection processing portion configured to establish a communication connection with a specific electronic device by using a specific radio wave for which a frequency is determined in advance, the specific electronic device being capable of transmitting, to outside, country information that is registered in advance;
an obtainment processing portion configured to obtain the country information from the specific electronic device with which the communication connection has been established by the connection processing portion;
a setting processing portion configured to set, based on the country information obtained by the obtainment processing portion, a frequency of a radio wave that is transmitted from the communication device, to a frequency at which radio waves can be transmitted in a country indicated in the country information; and
a ROM storing third setting information that corresponds to regions indicated in the destination place information, and indicates a frequency at which radio waves can be transmitted in common in a plurality of countries included in the region, wherein
in a case where a communication connection is not established with the specific electronic device by the connection processing portion and thus the country information has failed to be obtained from the specific electronic device, the setting processing portion obtains the destination place information from the storage portion, refers to the obtained destination place information, and obtains from the ROM the third setting information that corresponds to the destination place information, and sets the frequency of the radio wave that is transmitted from the communication device, based on the obtained third setting information.

US Pat. No. 10,178,686

INCREASED NETWORK THROUGHPUT WITH CCA LEVEL ENHANCEMENT

MEDIATEK Singapore Pte. L...

1. A method comprising:initiating an enhanced distributed channel access (EDCA) procedure by a wireless device to gain access to wireless medium for transmitting radio signals in a wireless network;
determining an intended transmitting channel width, wherein the transmitting channel comprises one or more primary channels of different channel widths and secondary channels of different channel widths; and
performing a clear channel assessment (CCA) for the one or more primary channels using a set of pre-determined primary channel CCA levels, wherein the set of pre-determined primary channel CCA levels is based on the intended transmitting channel width instead of corresponding receiving channel widths for determining channel idle or busy condition in the EDCA procedure.

US Pat. No. 10,178,685

SCHEDULING METHOD AND APPARATUS IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for scheduling a plurality of terminals within a cell by a base station (BS) using a plurality of beams, the method comprising:transmitting a plurality of training beams;
receiving measurement information including a received signal strength indication (RSSI), a reception phase, and a beam index regarding each of a first number of training beams with a highest RSSI from each of the plurality of terminals which have received the plurality of training beams;
generating an RSSI table representing RSSIs of terminals and beam indices on the basis of measurement information regarding the first number of training beams of each terminal; and
scheduling terminals to perform simultaneous transmission among the plurality of terminals using the RSSI table, wherein:
the scheduling includes:
selecting a terminal whose sum of squares of RSSIs of a first number of training beams is largest from among terminals of a scheduling-available terminal set;
excluding the selected terminal from the terminal set and excluding the first number of training beams of the selected terminal from a beam index set including the plurality of beams;
excluding a terminal whose number of beams, among a first number of training beams, overlapping the first number of training beams of the selected terminal, is greater than a set maximum allowable number, among the terminals of the terminal set, from the terminal set; and
scheduling the terminals to perform simultaneous transmission by repeating the selecting, the generating, and the excluding operations.

US Pat. No. 10,178,684

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SCHEDULING MACHINE-TO-MACHINE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method performed by a base station in a mobile communication network for machine type communication (MTC), the method comprising:transmitting, through a transceiver, downlink control signals to a leader device among a plurality of devices for MTC, in order to indicate a scheduling interval, wherein the scheduling interval includes at least one assignment interval;
receiving, from the leader device, a reference signal after a first downlink control signal and in a predetermined interval before the first assignment interval within the scheduling interval;
determining timing information in response to the reference signal;
transmitting the determined timing information to the leader device before the first assignment interval within the scheduling interval; and
receiving an uplink signal from the leader device at a specific time point determined from the at least one assignment interval within the scheduling interval.

US Pat. No. 10,178,683

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ENABLING COEXISTENCE OF MULTIPLE WIRELESS COMPONENTS OPERATING IN THE SAME FREQUENCY BAND

Avago Technologies Genera...

1. An apparatus for arbitrating access in a communications device, the apparatus comprising:a memory;
a plurality of wireless modules;
an arbiter configured to:
monitor each of the plurality of wireless modules operating at a same frequency;
determine a precedence for access between access requests from each of the plurality of wireless modules; and
a status determinator configured to:
synchronize a first wireless module of the plurality of wireless modules with an external device by limiting data associated with transmission characteristics of other wireless modules of the plurality of wireless modules, the synchronizing performed in response to a comparison between the precedence for access for each of the plurality of wireless modules after the first wireless module asserts a first access request exceeding a predetermined duration.

US Pat. No. 10,178,682

THRESHOLD-BASED AND POWER-EFFICIENT SCHEDULING REQUEST PROCEDURE

Sun Patent Trust, New Yo...

1. A user equipment comprising:a receiver which, in operation, receives from a radio base station configuration information used to configure a second trigger condition for a logical channel having tolerance for delaying transmission of a scheduling request,
processing circuitry, coupled to the receiver, which, in operation,
determines whether a first trigger condition is fulfilled for the logical channel for which the second trigger condition is configured, the first trigger condition requiring a buffer status report (BSR) being triggered due to data becoming available in a transmission buffer, and
determines whether the second trigger condition is fulfilled for the logical channel for which the second trigger condition is configured, the second trigger condition requiring a timer related to the data of the transmission buffer being expired,
wherein the timer is started when the first trigger condition is fulfilled for the logical channel for which the second trimer condition is configured and triggering of a scheduling request transmission is postponed until the timer is expired, and the timer is not started when the first trigger condition is fulfilled for a logical channel for which the second trigger condition is not configured, and
a transmitter, coupled to the processing circuitry, which, in operation, triggers transmission of a scheduling request to the radio base station requesting uplink resources when defined conditions are fulfilled including the first and second trigger conditions being fulfilled for the logical channel for which the second trigger condition is configured.

US Pat. No. 10,178,681

SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO POWER THROTTLING FOR EQUIPMENT PROTECTION IN DATA CENTERS OR OTHER LOCATIONS

Honeywell International I...

1. A method comprising:receiving information identifying one or more power constraint violations in a hierarchy of computing devices, the hierarchy having multiple levels, the computing devices grouped into different collections in one or more levels of the hierarchy, the one or more power constraint violations associated with at least one of the levels, the one or more power constraint violations including drawing up an amount of power that exceeds a threshold amount of power that can be drawn up at the associated at least one of the levels;
classifying each power constraint violation by identifying, for each power constraint violation, one or more of the computing devices that potentially contribute to that power constraint violation; and
resolving the one or more power constraint violations by throttling power consumption of at least one of the one or more computing devices identified as potentially contributing to the one or more power constraint violations.

US Pat. No. 10,178,680

METHOD, NETWORK NODE, COMPUTER PROGRAM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR ASSISTING DOWNLINK INTERFERENCE ESTIMATION

Telefonaktiebolaget L M E...

1. A method for assisting downlink interference estimation in a cellular network, performed in a network node of the cellular network and comprising the steps of:estimating an average transmit power of the network node in a future time period, resulting in a scaling factor indicating the average transmit power of the network node in relation to a reference transmit power of the network node, wherein the average transmit power in the future time period is estimated based on predicted traffic patterns of services used by wireless devices which are served by the network node;
determining whether the network node is to transmit or refrain from transmitting in a resource element based on a predefined reference signal configuration, wherein the reference signal configuration defines a pattern defining a set of resource elements which can be used for reference signal transmissions and also defining which of the resource elements belong to a first subset of resource elements containing muted resource elements or a second subset of resource elements containing resource elements for which a reference signal is to be transmitted, wherein the reference signal configuration of the elements belonging to the first subset or second subset is unique for each network node within the cellular network;
transmitting, in a resource element allocated to interference estimation, a reference signal for downlink interference estimation with a transmission power which is based on the scaling factor; and
refraining from transmitting in a resource element in at least one instance where another network node transmits a reference signal for downlink interference estimation.

US Pat. No. 10,178,679

SIGNALING DESIGNS FOR NETWORK ASSISTED INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION AND SUPPRESSION

WSOU Investments, LLC, L...

1. A method, comprising:determining transmission information for at least one interference source for a user equipment of a base station; and
signaling the user equipment about the transmission information for the at least one interference source, wherein the transmission information is configured to facilitate a receiver of the user equipment to cancel interference from the at least one interference source;
wherein the signaling comprises masking each of a plurality of downlink control information with a corresponding interference radio network temporary identity.

US Pat. No. 10,178,678

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR HANDLING PRIORITY SERVICES CONGESTION

InterDigital Patent Holdi...

1. A method performed by a wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU) in communication with a communication network, the method comprising:receiving, at a radio resource control (RRC) layer of the WTRU, a message from a base station indicating the WTRU is subject to access class barring (ACB) restrictions in a cell, the message further indicating one or more services that are affirmatively allowable in the cell despite the ACB restrictions;
generating, at a non-access stratum (NAS) layer of the WTRU, a request for a first service;
passing the request from the NAS layer of the WTRU to the RRC layer of the WTRU;
determining, at the RRC layer of the WTRU, that the first service is one of the one or more services that are indicated as affirmatively allowable in the cell despite the ACB restrictions; and
sending, by the RRC layer, a first connection request to the base station, the first connection request explicitly indicating that the first connection request is for the first service.

US Pat. No. 10,178,677

TRANSMISSION OF CONTROL INFORMATION TO REDUCED BANDWIDTH TERMINALS

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A communications terminal comprising:a transceiver configured to receive data from a wireless communications network transmitted via a wireless access interface provided by the wireless communications network using a plurality of OFDM sub-carriers, and
a controller configured to receive a resource allocation message, which allocates resources to the communications terminal for receiving the data from the wireless communications network, wherein the controller is configured to control the transceiver to
receive from a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) the resource allocation message, the PDCCH having a bandwidth corresponding to a first frequency band, the resource allocation message allocating the communications resources within a second frequency band, the first frequency band providing a first group of the plurality of OFDM sub-carriers within the first frequency band, and the second frequency band being formed from a second group of the plurality of OFDM sub-carriers within the second frequency band, the second group of the plurality of OFDM sub-carriers being smaller than the first group of the plurality of OFDM sub-carriers and the second frequency band being selected from within the first frequency band to form a virtual carrier, and
receive control information from a virtual carrier-physical downlink control channel (VC-PDCCH) within the second frequency band from the second group of OFDM sub-carriers, wherein the control information allocates communication resources for receiving the data by the communications terminal from the second group of OFDM sub-carriers; and
receive data from within the second frequency band based on a combination of resources allocated for data communication within the second frequency band identified in the resource allocation message received from the PDCCH and resources allocated for data communication within the second group of OFDM sub-carriers identified in the control information received from the VC-PDCCH,
wherein a location of the VC-PDCCH is not included in the resource allocation message received from the PDCCH and is predefined in the communications terminal,
wherein the PDCCH and the VC-PDCCH are located at opposite ends of a sub-frame, relative to time, and
wherein the VC-PDCCH occupies less than one half of the second frequency band.

US Pat. No. 10,178,676

DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD, DEVICE, AND SYSTEM

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method of data transmission, comprising:sending, by a secondary base station, first information to a primary base station, wherein x denotes a whole number greater than or equal to 1, wherein the first information comprises one of x first PUCCH (physical uplink control channel) code channel resources, x first data blocks sent by the secondary base station to a user equipment (UE), and a first channel code word, so that the primary base station determines identifiers of the x first PUCCH code channel resources and the x first data blocks, wherein the first PUCCH code channel resource is used for sending a feedback for the first data block to the primary base station by the UE, and wherein the first channel code word is a channel code word corresponding to the x first data blocks;
receiving, by the secondary base station, the identifiers of the x first PUCCH code channel resources and the x first data blocks that are sent by the primary base station;
sending, by the secondary base station, the identifiers of the x first PUCCH code channel resources and the x first data blocks to the UE; and
receiving, by the secondary base station, the feedback from the primary base station, wherein the feedback is received by the primary base station from the UE by using the first PUCCH code channel resource, wherein
the secondary base station serves a secondary component carrier of the UE, and the primary base station serves a primary component carrier of the UE.

US Pat. No. 10,178,675

DEVICE RECEIVING RESOURCE BLOCK ALLOCATION AND METHOD THEREFOR

Panasonic Corporation, O...

1. A device, comprising,a receiver, which, in operation, receives control information indicating resource blocks, each of which being formed of consecutive subcarriers in a frequency domain, allocated to the device according to one of a plurality of resource allocations including:
a resource allocation allocating Distributed Virtual Resource Blocks (DVRBs), where a pair of DVRBs assigned with a single resource block number are mapped to Physical Resource Blocks (PRBs) with a variable gap in the frequency domain, the variable gap is an integer multiple of an applicable Resource Block Group (RBG) size defined as a number of one or more consecutive resource blocks forming one RBG, and the variable gap is obtained based on both an applicable system bandwidth and the applicable RBG size; and
a resource allocation allocating one or more RBGs; and
circuitry, which, in operation, decodes data based on the control information.

US Pat. No. 10,178,674

COMMUNICATION APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORMING A TIME DOMAIN SYMBOL TO A FREQUENCY DOMAIN SIGNAL

Sun Patent Trust, New Yo...

8. A communication method performed by a communication apparatus, comprising:transforming a symbol in a time domain into a signal in a frequency domain with a discrete Fourier transform (DFT) having a size that is a product of powers of a plurality of values, the plurality of values being integer numbers that are greater than 1 and are different from each other, exponents for the plurality of values being a set of non-negative integers;
mapping the signal in the frequency domain on a plurality of frequency bands, each frequency band being located at a position separate from position(s) of other(s) of the plurality of frequency bands, wherein a vector length corresponding to a size of each of the plurality of frequency bands is a product of two or more powers of prime numbers or a multiple of the product of the two or more powers of prime numbers, each of the prime numbers being an integer number that is greater than 1 and the prime numbers being different from each other, exponents for the prime numbers being a set of non-negative integers, and wherein the vector length is a number of subcarriers allocated to a corresponding one of the plurality of frequency bands; and
generating a single carrier-frequency division multiple access (SC-FDMA) signal in the time domain from the mapped signal.

US Pat. No. 10,178,673

SOUNDING FOR UL OFDMA TRANSMISSION IN WLAN

MARVELL INTERNATIONAL LTD...

1. A method comprising:transmitting a signal to cause wireless devices to concurrently transmit sounding packets on different subcarriers within a frequency band during a multi-user uplink transmission;
receiving, concurrently, sounding packets from the wireless devices on the different subcarriers within the frequency band during the multi-user uplink transmission,
wherein transmitting the signal comprises transmitting a trigger frame to cause the wireless devices to respectively transmit protocol data units before the sounding packets, and
wherein the multi-user uplink transmission comprises the protocol data units and the sounding packets;
determining subcarrier channel qualities based on the sounding packets;
assigning the subcarriers among the wireless devices for a subsequent multi-user uplink transmission based on the subcarrier channel qualities,
assigning, under a first mapping, the subcarriers to the wireless devices for transmission of the protocol data units;
assigning, under a second mapping, the subcarriers to the wireless devices for transmission of the sounding packets, wherein the first mapping and the second mapping alternate subcarrier to device assignments;
receiving the protocol data units; and
determining second subcarrier channel qualities based on the protocol data units; and
using (i) the second subcarrier channel qualities that are determined based on the protocol data units and (ii) first subcarrier channel qualities that are determined based on the sounding packets to determine whether a subcarrier assignment under the first mapping for a wireless device of the wireless devices is better or worse than a subcarrier assignment under the second mapping for the wireless device of the wireless devices.

US Pat. No. 10,178,672

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ALLOCATING RESOURCE FOR CONTROL CHANNEL IN MULTI-BEAM ENVIRONMENT, AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING CONTROL CHANNEL IN MULTI-BEAM ENVIRONMENT

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for transmitting, by a base station, a first control channel for a first terminal that receives a first beam as main beam and a second beam adjacent to the first beam as an interference beam, the method comprising:allocating at least one control channel element (CCE) to the first control channel earlier than allocating to the rest control channels other than the first control channel among a plurality of control channels corresponding to the first beam, when CCEs are allocated to the plurality of control channels corresponding to the first beam; and
allocating at least one CCE to the first control channel earlier than allocating to the rest control channels other than the first control channel among a plurality of control channels corresponding to the second beam, when CCEs are allocated to the plurality of control channels corresponding to the second beam.

US Pat. No. 10,178,671

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING MULTIPLE FREQUENCY BANDS IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for supporting multiple frequency bands by a base station in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:generating first system information including first information indicating a first frequency band supported by a cell and a list of at least one second information indicating at least one second frequency band supported by the cell;
transmitting the first system information to a terminal;
generating second system information including uplink frequency information, first spectrum emission information corresponding to the first information and a list of at least one second spectrum emission information corresponding to the at least one second information; and
transmitting the second system information to the terminal,
wherein an uplink frequency offset and a lower limit of an uplink frequency are determined based on the first information if the first frequency band is not supported and the at least one second frequency band is supported by the terminal, and
wherein the uplink frequency offset and the lower limit of the uplink frequency are used for identifying an uplink carrier frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,178,670

SIGNALING UPLINK FRAME DURATION IN WIRELESS LOCAL-AREA NETWORKS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus of an access point, the apparatus comprising: memory; and processing circuitry coupled to the memory, the processing circuitry configured to:encode a trigger frame for uplink (UL) multi-user (MU) transmissions, the trigger frame comprising a media access control (MAC) portion, the MAC portion comprising association identifications (AIDs) identifying stations, and a length field indicating an UL physical layer convergence procedure (PLCP) protocol data unit (PPDU) (UL-PPDU) response length, the MAC portion further comprising a duration field to indicate a duration for other stations to set network allocation vectors;
configure the access point to transmit the trigger frame; and
decode UL-PPDU responses from one or more stations of the stations identified by the AIDs, wherein a length of each of the UL-PPDU responses corresponds to the UL-PPDU response length.

US Pat. No. 10,178,669

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ANCHOR MASTER SELECTION

Huawei Device (Dongguan) ...

1. A method for anchor master (AM) selection in a neighbor awareness networking (NAN) cluster, where the method comprises:recording, by a device in the NAN cluster, a second AM information and a second time synchronization function (TSF) information in the device, wherein the second AM information includes: a second anchor master rank (AMR), a second hop count (HC), and a second anchor master beacon transmission time (AMBTT);
receiving, by the device, a NAN Beacon frame, wherein the NAN Beacon frame carries a first AM information and a first TSF information, wherein the first AM information includes: a first AMR, a first HC, and a first AMBTT;
comparing a master rank (MR) of the device and the first AMR, wherein the NAN Beacon frame is used for AM selection; and
switching a role of the device to AM or updating the second AM information and the second TSF information, by the device, based on the comparison, wherein the first AMR is less than the second AMR, wherein the role of the device is switched to AM when the MR of the device is greater than the first AMR, and wherein
the second AM information and the second TSF information are updated when the MR of the device is less than the first AMR.

US Pat. No. 10,178,668

PERIODIC AND APERIODIC CSI REPORTING PROCEDURES FOR ENHANCED LICENSED ASSISTED ACCESS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication by a user equipment (UE) in a shared spectrum, comprising:receiving a grant for uplink communication;
determining a reporting subframe based on the grant;
determining whether to select, as a reference subframe, a triggering subframe in which the grant is received or a subframe before the reporting subframe; and
transmitting, in the reporting subframe, channel state information (CSI) measured in the reference subframe;
wherein the grant includes one or more multiple transmission time interval (multi-TTI) grants dynamically indicated in a downlink control information, and wherein the reporting subframe is one of subframes indicated by the one or more multi-TTI grants.

US Pat. No. 10,178,667

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONFIGURING TRANSMISSION OPPORTUNITY PERIOD IN WIRELESS ACCESS SYSTEM SUPPORTING UNLICENSED BAND

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for performing a downlink transmission in a wireless access system supporting an unlicensed band, the method comprising:performing a carrier sensing procedure for checking whether a secondary cell (Scell) configured in the unlicensed band is idle or not; and
performing the downlink transmission during a downlink transmission duration after the Scell has been checked as idle,
wherein the downlink transmission duration is configured with one or more consecutive subframes (SFs),
wherein a last SF of the downlink transmission duration is a small SF which is smaller than a full SF, and
wherein the small SF is configured according to one of DwPTS (Downlink Pilot Time Slot) configurations.

US Pat. No. 10,178,666

METHOD AND COMPUTER NETWORK FOR TRANSMITTING MESSAGES

FTS COMPUTERTECHNIK GMBH,...

1. A method for transmitting messages in a computer network, wherein the computer network comprises computing nodes (101-105, X104, X105) connected with each other via at least one star coupler (201, 203, 205, 207, X204, X205) and/or at least one multi-hop network (1000), wherein each computing node (101-105, X104, X105) is connected via at least one communication link (110) with the at least one star coupler (201, 203, 205, 207, X204, X205) and/or the at least one multi-hop (1000) network, and wherein the computing nodes (101-105, X104, X105) exchange messages with one another and with the at least one star coupler (201, 203, 205, 207, X204, X205) and/or the at least one multi-hop network (1000),the method comprising:providing a first group of components, wherein the components of the first group send and forward and receive time-controlled messages according to a communication schedule, wherein the first group of components comprises one, two or several components, and wherein each component of the first group is either a computing node (101, 102, 103), a star coupler (201, 203, 205, 207) or a star coupler of a multi-hop network,
providing a second group of components, wherein the components of the second group do not send and forward and receive time-controlled messages according to a communication schedule, wherein the second group of components comprises one, two or several components, and wherein each component of the first group is either a computing node (104, 105, X104, X105), a star coupler (X204, X205) or a star coupler of a multi-hop network,
sending, by at least one component (101, 102, 103, 201, 203, 205, 207) of the first group of components, one, two or several time-controlled messages according to the communication schedule to one, two or several components (104, 105, X104, X105, X204, X205) of the second group of components,
reacting, by each of the computing nodes (104, 105, X104, X105) of the second group of components, in one of the following ways upon receipt of a time-controlled message:
reading out a current value of at least one local sensor;
changing a state of one or more local actors;
executing an application-specific task;
sending a new message (1-104a, 1-105a, 1-X105a),
and
reacting, by each of the star couplers (X204, X205) of the second group of components, in one of the following ways upon receipt of a time-controlled message:
sending a new message (1-X205a), or
forwarding the received, time-controlled message, wherein the forwarding does not occur according to a communication schedule,
wherein an upper limit (OBS) is configured for a maximum permissible time interval between the time of reception (17-104a) of a time-controlled message with a component of the second group and the time point of the reaction of this component of the second group, specifically the transmission time (17-104b) of the transmission of a message of this component of the second group, and
wherein each component of the second group is configured to react to messages in a constant time interval before reaching its upper limit (OBS), specifically to send messages, wherein the constant time interval approaches zero.

US Pat. No. 10,178,665

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TRANSMITTING PACKETS IN SUB-1GHZ FREQUENCY BANDS

MARVELL WORLD TRADE LTD, ...

1. A system comprising:a processor and memory storing instructions for the processor, the processor configured to execute the instructions to:
generate a packet including a preamble for transmission via a sub-1 GHz channel;
generate the preamble for the packet, wherein the preamble includes a first signal field and a second signal field, and wherein the first signal field and the second signal field conform to a Very High Throughput format specified in a wireless networking standard;
modulate both the first signal field and the second signal field of the preamble using the same modulation scheme in response to the packet being a single user packet; and
modulate the first signal field and the second signal field of the preamble using different modulation schemes in response to the packet being a multiuser packet.

US Pat. No. 10,178,664

INTERFERENCE MITIGATION IN HETEROGENEOUS NETWORKS

Sprint Spectrum L.P., Ov...

1. A method for mitigating interference in a wireless communication network, the method comprising:determining that a wireless device attached to a first access node having a first coverage area enters a potential interference area of the first coverage area, wherein the potential interference area comprises a portion of the first coverage area that overlaps with a second coverage area of a second access node;
upon a cell load of the first access node meeting a threshold, randomizing an allocation of resource blocks scheduled for the wireless device; and
upon the cell load falling below the threshold, performing interference coordination operations between the first access node and the second access node.

US Pat. No. 10,178,663

METHOD FOR SHARING A WIRELESS TRANSMISSION MEDIUM IN A TERMINAL DEVICE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION CIRCUIT RELATED THERETO

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A method for sharing a wireless transmission medium in a terminal device between at least a first wireless communication technology and a second wireless communication technology, the method comprising:receiving in a first time frame at least a control region of a first signal via the first wireless communication technology, the first time frame being set by the first communication technology for receiving the first signal and the control region indicating a schedule of a data region in the first signal;
decoding the control region of first time frame;
interrupting reception of the first signal at least for a remainder of the first time frame after receiving the control region and before the control region is completely decoded by the terminal device;
sending a command from a first wireless communication circuit of the terminal device to a second wireless communication circuit of the terminal device, to allow the second communication circuit to send signals via the second wireless transmission technology within the first time frame after the reception of the first signal was interrupted, the first wireless communication circuit being configured to communicate via the first wireless communication technology and the second wireless communication circuit being configured to communicate via the second wireless communication technology; and
sending the signals via the second wireless transmission technology within the first time frame after the reception of the first signal was interrupted.

US Pat. No. 10,178,662

TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATION

SCA IPLA HOLDINGS INC., ...

27. A mobile terminal for communicating data in a third-generation partnership (3GPP) standard-compliant wireless telecommunications system, wherein the mobile terminal is configured to:receive an indication of a restricted frequency band corresponding to a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) through Radio Resource Control (RRC) signaling;
receive physical-layer control information received using a first group of symbols within a first system frequency bandwidth corresponding to a Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH);
receive higher-layer data received using a second group of the symbols spanning a second system frequency bandwidth corresponding to the PDSCH, wherein the number of the symbols in the second group is less than the number of the symbols available for transmitting higher-layer data to other terminal devices, and the second system frequency bandwidth is smaller than and within the first system frequency bandwidth;
process the physical-layer control information to determine an allocation of higher-layer data for the terminal device within the second group of the symbols; and
process the higher-layer data to extract the allocated higher-layer data for the terminal device from the second group of the symbols, wherein the higher-layer data comprises user-plane data.

US Pat. No. 10,178,661

QUASI CO-LOCATED ANTENNA PORTS FOR CHANNEL ESTIMATION

Telefonaktiebolaget L M E...

1. A wireless device configured to operate in a cellular communications network, comprising:a radio subsystem; and
a processing subsystem associated with the radio subsystem configured to:
receive, via the radio subsystem, a downlink subframe comprising a downlink control channel from the cellular communications network, a search space of the wireless device with respect to the downlink control channel comprising one or more sets of downlink control channel physical resources; and
estimate a channel for an antenna port of interest in one of the one or more sets based on an assumption by the wireless device that one or more other antenna ports in the same one of the one or more sets are quasi co-located with respect to the antenna port of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,178,660

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING/RECEIVING DOWNLINK DATA CHANNEL SIGNAL TRANSMISSION INFORMATION IN CELLULAR RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING COOPERATIVE MULTI-POINT SCHEME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for wireless communication, the method comprising:receiving, using at least one processor, a signaling message via higher layer signaling, the signaling message comprising first configuration information related to a plurality of starting symbols to which a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) is mapped;
receiving, using the at least one processor, control information for scheduling the PDSCH, the control information comprising a first information field indicating a starting symbol among the plurality of starting symbols and a second information field indicating a scrambling identity from at least two scrambling identities for a reference signal related to the PDSCH given by the signaling message; and
receiving, using the at least one processor, downlink data on the PDSCH based on the starting symbol indicated by the first information field.

US Pat. No. 10,178,659

DEVICE AND METHOD OF HANDLING SHORTENED ENHANCED PHYSICAL DOWNLINK CONTROL CHANNEL TRANSMISSION

HTC Corporation, Taoyuan...

1. A network of handling a shortened enhanced physical downlink control channel (sEPDCCH) transmission, comprising:a storage device; and
a processing circuit, coupled to the storage device, wherein the storage device stores, and the processing circuit is configured to execute instructions of:
determining a duration of a shortened transmission time interval (sTTI);
determining the number of a plurality of available resource elements (REs) of a plurality of REs in a shortened scheduling unit(sSU), nEPDCCH, according to the sTTI and an availability of the plurality of REs;
determining an aggregated level (AL) of the sSU, Q, according to the sTTI and nEPDCCH;
determining the number of a plurality of enhanced control channel elements (ECCEs) in an aggregated sSU, K, according to nEPDCCH and Q;
determining the number of a plurality of enhanced resource element groups (EREGs) in an ECCE, A, according to nEPDCCH, Q and K;
numbering a plurality of available REs in the aggregated sSU from 0 to (A*K?1) cyclically, wherein the plurality of available REs in the aggregated sSU numbered with 0 to (A*K?1) constitute a plurality of EREGs numbered with 0 to (A*K?1) according to the same number;
arranging the plurality of EREGs numbered with 0 to (A*K?1) according to a K by A matrix, wherein the plurality of EREGs numbered with 0 to (A*K?1) corresponding to a jth row of the K by A matrix constitute one of the plurality of ECCEs numbered with j;
determining the number of a plurality of aggregated sSUs for performing the sEPDCCH transmission, N, according to channel bandwidth, channel state information (CSI) and downlink control information (DCI);
determining the number of a plurality of ECCEs in N aggregated sSUs, N*K; and
determining a sEPDCCH position on N*K consecutive ECCEs;
wherein the duration of the sTTI is transmitted in system information, or is transmitted in a higher layer signaling or a dynamic signaling.

US Pat. No. 10,178,658

BASE STATION, USER EQUIPMENT AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A User Equipment (UE), comprising:a processor,
a memory storing instructions, wherein
the memory stores instructions that causes the processor to:
receive transmission pattern information which indicates one or more transmission pattern candidates within all transmission pattern candidates;
receive another information which indicates, as a time period for D2D transmission, a number of subframes;
receive a transmission pattern index by a DCI format; and
perform D2D transmission based on a transmission pattern indicated by the transmission pattern index, the transmission pattern being one of the one or more transmission pattern candidates;
the transmission pattern information is received in an RRC signal;
the another information is received in an RRC signal;
the number is selected from a plurality of numbers which are different from each other and include (i) 40 and (ii) one or more numbers each of which is a multiple of 40; and
the transmission pattern indicates one or more subframes used for data transmission in the time period.

US Pat. No. 10,178,657

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECONFIGURING SPS (SEMI-PERSISTENT) OPERATION IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

INNOVATIVE SONIC CORPORAT...

1. A method for handling reconfiguration messages in a wireless communication system, comprising:configuring an user equipment (UE) with a downlink (DL) assignment or an uplink (UL) grant through a PDCCH (Physical Downlink Control Channel) addressed by a SPS C-RNTI (Semi-Persistent Scheduling Cell Radio Network Temporary Identity);
receiving, at the UE, a reconfiguration message for a SPS (Semi-Persistent Scheduling) operation in a higher layer;
reconfiguring, at the UE, the SPS operation based on the reconfiguration message if the reconfiguration message includes a release of the SPS operation; and
ignoring, at the UE, the reconfiguration message if the reconfiguration message includes changes to parameters of the SPS operation.

US Pat. No. 10,178,656

UPLINK TRANSMISSIONS IN AN UNLICENSED SPECTRUM

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for uplink transmission by a user equipment (UE), comprising:receiving an uplink grant for data transmission on an uplink channel, wherein the uplink grant includes a resource block assignment to a resource block from an eNodeB for a channel reservation signal;
determining the resource block for sending a channel, usage beacon signal (CUBS) over a contention-based spectrum based on the resource block assignment included in the uplink grant, wherein the CUBS reserves the uplink channel for the data transmission and indicates that the data transmission will follow in a subsequent subframe according to the resource block assignment; and
transmitting, in response to a successful clear channel assessment on the uplink channel, the CUBS in the subframe that directly precedes the subsequent subframe on which the data transmission follows, wherein transmitting the CUBS comprises transmitting a fractional CUBS (F-CUBS) having a fractional symbol duration on only a subset of all available tones of the resource block;
wherein
the resource block is determined based on the resource block assignment for the channel reservation signal on a condition that the subframe is not a special subframe used for transition from a set of downlink subframes to a set of uplink subframes; and
the resource block is determined based on the resource block assignment received in the uplink grant on a condition that the subframe is the special subframe.

US Pat. No. 10,178,655

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING UPLINK CONTROL INFORMATION

1. A method for transmitting uplink control information, comprising:grouping uplink subframes in a radio frame into N groups, and grouping all downlink serving cells into M groups;
determining a corresponding relation between the M groups of downlink serving cells and the N groups of uplink subframes; and
transmitting, by a terminal, uplink control information corresponding to the downlink serving cells, on the uplink subframes according to the determined corresponding relation, wherein M and N are both positive integers greater than 1, and M is greater than or equal to N,
wherein determining the corresponding relation between the M groups of downlink serving cells and the N groups of uplink subframes comprises: determining the corresponding relation according to at least one of the following pre-configuration modes:
mode I: determining the corresponding relation according to a preset corresponding relation;
mode II: determining the corresponding relation according to a corresponding relation configured by a signalling;
mode III: determining the corresponding relation according to a corresponding relation between a downlink serving cell group index and an uplink subframe group index;
mode IV: determining the corresponding relation according to a corresponding relation between the types of the downlink serving cells and the types of the uplink subframes;
mode V: determining the corresponding relation according to a feedback relation between a subframe on which a Physical Downlink Shared CHannel (PDSCH) of a downlink serving cell is located and a Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest Acknowledgement (HARQ-ACK) corresponding to the PDSCH; and
wherein grouping all downlink serving cells into M groups comprises: performing grouping according to at least one of the following cell configuration modes;
mode I: grouping according to a backhaul type;
mode II: grouping according to the types of the serving cells; or
mode III: self-adaptively grouping according to a transmission situation of the DCI corresponding to the PDSCH of a downlink serving cell.

US Pat. No. 10,178,654

MULTIPLEXING LARGE PAYLOADS OF CONTROL INFORMATION FROM USER EQUIPMENTS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for transmitting uplink control information (UCI) over a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) in a communication system, the method comprising:acquiring, by a user equipment (UE), from an evolved Node B (eNB), information for a PUCCH format associated with more than one cell;
generating, by the UE, UCI to be transmitted, the UCI being arranged in order of indexes of the more than one cell;
encoding, by the UE, the UCI;
performing, by the UE, a Fourier transform (FT) operation on the encoded UCI;
performing, by the UE, an inverse Fourier transform (IFT) operation on the Fourier transformed UCI; and
transmitting, by the UE, the inverse Fourier transformed UCI using the PUCCH format associated with the more than one cell.

US Pat. No. 10,178,653

WIRELESS ACCESS NODE AND METHOD FOR SIGNALING AGGREGATION OF A PLURALITY OF UE DEVICES THROUGH A HUB UE DEVICE

Sprint Communications Com...

1. A method of operating a wireless communication network to perform wireless network control signaling aggregation through a signaling hub User Equipment (UE) using Carrier Aggregation (CA), the method comprising:a wireless access node selecting the signaling hub UE to perform the wireless network control signaling aggregation for other UEs using CA;
the wireless access node directing the signaling hub UE to perform the wireless network control signaling aggregation for the other UEs using CA and allocating CA traffic channels to the signaling hub UE for the wireless network control signaling aggregation;
the wireless access node wirelessly exchanging user data directly with the other UEs;
the hub UE exchanging only the wireless network control signaling directly with the other UEs over wireless links and aggregating the wireless network control signaling;
the hub UE exchanging only the aggregated wireless network control signaling directly with the wireless access node over the CA traffic channels; and
the wireless access node exchanging only the aggregated wireless network control signaling directly with the hub UE over the CA traffic channels.

US Pat. No. 10,178,652

METHOD FOR OPERATING A NETWORK ELEMENT OF A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORK AND NETWORK ELEMENT

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for operating a wireless communication network or a network element thereof, the network comprising a plurality of baseband processing devices, the method comprising:determining a delay metric that depends on a network delay between the network element and at least one baseband processing device of the plurality of baseband processing devices, wherein the delay metric is determined before an event occurs that triggers allocation or reallocation of processing resources of the at least one baseband processing device,
selecting the at least one baseband processing device of the plurality of baseband processing devices for remote baseband processing depending on the delay metric, and
communicating with the selected at least one baseband processing device such that the selected at least one baseband processing device performs remote baseband processing.

US Pat. No. 10,178,651

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR UPLINK HARQ AND CSI MULTIPLEXING FOR CARRIER AGGREGATION

BlackBerry Limited, Wate...

1. A method of operating a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communications network, the method comprising:inputting directly to a first encoder a first set of information bits that comprise hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) acknowledgement bits;
inputting directly to a second encoder a second set of information bits that comprise channel state indicator (CSI) bits, the channel state indicator bits providing information on a state of a communication channel of the communications network;
separately and independently encoding and rate matching the directly input first set of information bits and the directly input second set of information bits, the rate matching of the first set of information bits produces a first number of bits, and the rate matching of the second set of information bits produces a second number of bits, wherein the first and the second number of bits total a constant selected as a function of a modulation scheme;
combining the encoded and rate matched first set of information bits and the second sets of information bits for transmission in the subframe by interleaving each of the separately encoded and rate matched first and second sets of information bits to respective specific locations within an entirety of the subframe, thereby creating a bit stream;
modulating the bit stream based on the modulation scheme; and
transmitting the bit stream on a control channel;wherein the first number of bits is a parameter configured by higher layer signaling.

US Pat. No. 10,178,650

PAGING MESSAGE SENDING METHOD AND DEVICE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

6. A mobility management entity (MME), comprising:a receiver, configured to receive a downlink data notification (DDN) message from a serving gateway (SGW), wherein the DDN message carries an identity of a user equipment, and the DDN message is used to instruct the MME to send a paging message to a base station in a tracking area (TA) list of the user equipment;
a memory, configured to store a set of program code including instructions;
a processor, configured to execute the instructions stored in the memory, to determine, after enabling an aggregate paging function and according to the DDN message received by the receiver, whether a priority of the user equipment is higher than a preset level; and
a transmitter, configured to directly send the paging message to the base station if the processor determines that the priority of the user equipment is higher than the preset level.

US Pat. No. 10,178,649

PAGING USER EQUIPMENTS ON A SHARED COMMUNICATION MEDIUM

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of paging user equipments (UEs) on a shared communication medium, comprising:obtaining a first set of paging messages for transmission to a first paging group that includes a first set of UEs;
obtaining a second set of paging messages for transmission to a second paging group that includes a second set of UEs; and
establishing non-overlapping Paging Occasion Windows (POWs) for the first and second paging groups to avoid a paging enhanced Physical Downlink Control Channel (ePDCCH) collision.

US Pat. No. 10,178,648

TECHNIQUES AND APPARATUS FOR REDUCING OCCURRENCE OF ONE OR MORE COLLISIONS OF PAGING USING AN ASYNCHRONOUS CELL

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication performed by a user equipment (UE), comprising:identifying occurrence of one or more collisions of paging of a first radio access technology (RAT) and paging of a second RAT associated with the UE,
wherein the second RAT is associated with an asynchronous deployment; and
identifying a target cell of the second RAT to reduce the occurrence of the one or more collisions,
wherein the target cell has at least one of a different temporal system frame numbering or a different system frame timing configuration than a serving cell of the UE,
wherein the target cell is identified based at least in part on a maximum page duration of the first RAT, and
wherein the target cell is identified using a primary common control physical channel (PCCPCH) of the target cell.

US Pat. No. 10,178,647

PAGING METHOD, PAGING DEVICE, AND PAGING SYSTEM

Beijing Xiaomi Mobile Sof...

1. A paging method for use in a network access device, comprising:acquiring an identifier of a terminal being called in a voice service of a Packet Switched domain, the terminal being configured to operate with first and second Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) cards;
generating a paging message according to the identifier of the terminal being called, the paging message including a core network domain name field and a value of the core network domain name field corresponding to the voice service of the Packet Switched domain, the value indicating a processing priority of the voice service of the Packet Switched domain; and
sending the paging message to the terminal being called, the paging message configured to cause the terminal to:
process the paging message with a first priority which corresponds to the voice service of the Packet Switched domain;
when a target SIM card of the paging message is the first SIM card and the second SIM card is occupying an antenna resource in the terminal, detect whether the first priority is higher than a second priority of a current service of the second SIM card; and
when the first priority is higher than the second priority, allocate the antenna resource to the voice service of the Packet Switched domain corresponding to the first priority.

US Pat. No. 10,178,646

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO FACILITATE SLICE MANAGEMENT IN A NETWORK ENVIRONMENT

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a mobility management frontend, an attach request for a user equipment (UE) to attach the UE to a core network slice type for a mobile core Software Defined Network (SDN) infrastructure, wherein a plurality of core network slice types are available for the mobile core SDN infrastructure to receive traffic from a plurality of UEs;
determining a particular core network slice type within the mobile core SDN infrastructure to serve the UE based on subscriber information associated with the UE;
selecting a particular slice instance of the particular core network slice type to receive traffic for the UE;
maintaining a plurality of data structures by the mobility management frontend, wherein the plurality of data structures comprise:
a session correlation table identifying, for each of a particular UE of the plurality of UEs, a first session identifier (ID) assigned to the particular UE by a Radio Frequency (RF) element of a Radio Access Network (RAN) to which the particular UE is connected, a second session ID assigned to the UE by the mobility management frontend, and a third session ID assigned to the particular UE by a Mobility Management Entity server associated with the particular slice instance; and
a paging correlation table identifying, for each RF element of a plurality of RF elements of the RAN, a paging location list associated with each RF element; and
forwarding traffic for the UE between the RAN and the particular slice instance by the mobility management frontend.

US Pat. No. 10,178,645

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF ESTIMATING LOCATION BY ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

4. An electronic device comprising:a communication module; and
a processor configured to:
collect transmission end information acquired from at least one transmission end and location information of a point where the transmission end information is acquired through the communication module by at least one external electronic device,
generate a coverage map corresponding to the at least one transmission end based on the collected transmission end information and location information, the coverage map including a plurality of grids divided into a predetermined size and shape,
estimate locations of the at least one transmission end based on the generated coverage map, and
determining whether a coverage corresponding to the at least one transmission end in the generated coverage has been extinct based on a change in a number of at least one dominant grid corresponding to the coverage among the plurality of grids.